满分5 > 初中英语试题 >

Everybody’s house smells in some way. Yo...

Everybody’s house smells in some way.

You almost never even notice the way your own place smells. You notice the way everyone else’s place smells as soon as you walk in. There are their cats, and the soap, and the new furniture they just got. And those all add up to the way their house smells.

But you can only smell your own house after you’ve been away for a while—like, a long while. Not just a workday, but like a week.

It has to do with sensory adaptation (感觉适应). That’s the scientific way to say that you just get used to it. And it’s more pronounced for our sense of smell than for any other sense, like our hearing, for example.

Researcher Pamela Dalton at the Monell Chemical Senses Center has done a lot of work on sensory adaptation. She and her team say that adaptation means you respond (做出反应) less when a stimulus (刺激物) is repeated. So when you’re at home, the smell of your house is all around you. It never goes away. It’s not just repeated—you’re swimming in it. So you become adapted to the way it smells.

The thing with smell, though, is that you adapt to smells really quickly. After “even a few breaths” of a smell, Dalton says, you begin to acclimate to it.

You start to experience that smell as being less strong and finally take no note of it at all. That’s why you can smell your friend’s house when you walk in, but you don’t really notice it all the time you’re there.

Being able to detect (探测) smells is important. It might warn you of danger, like an approaching (接近的) tiger or something gone bad in your drinks. Or it might mean something pleasant, like that fresh bread or the blooming flowers.

Your nose can stay on the lookout for new smells that are dangerous or delicious.

It might be a simple housekeeping thing, like a dishwasher in the kitchen or towels in the bathroom that needs to be cleaned .

Then, if you still want to change the way your house smells, many things might do the trick, like a million candles, fresh fruits, or a bottle of perfume.

1.From Paragraph 2 we know our _______ may not be part of our house smells.

A.cats B.soap C.new sofa D.old chairs

2.Pamela Dalton thinks _______.

A.when a stimulus is repeated, people respond more.

B.when you’re at home, the smell of your house never goes away.

C.You don’t really smell your friend’s house all the time you’re there.

D.People are easy to adapt to smells quickly, even after a few breaths.

3.Which of the following best explains “acclimate to” underlined in Paragraph 6?

A.Get used to. B.Become interested in.

C.Disagree with. D.Feel sick about.

4.Which of the following is NOT true according to the passage?

A.You can smell your own house after you’ve been away for a week or longer.

B.When you’re at home, you’re swimming in the smell of your house.

C.Smells can warn you of danger but can not mean something pleasant.

D.Fresh fruits and perfume can help to change the way your house smells.

5.What is the best title of the passage?

A.How can you smell better?

B.Why can’t you smell your own house?

C.Everyone needs smells at home.

D.The ways of making new smell


1.D 2.B 3.A 4.C 5.B 【解析】 本文是一篇说明文,主要介绍了人们对气味有适应性及感觉气味的重要性。 1.细节理解题。根据第二段“There are their cats, and the soap, and the new furniture they just got.”可知,猫、肥皂、新的家具是家的味道的一部分,旧椅子不是。故选D。 2.细节理解题。根据第五段“So when you’re at home, the smell of your house is all around you. It never goes away.”可知,帕梅拉·道尔顿认为当你在家里时,家中的味道永远不会消失。故选B。 3.推理判断题。根据第六段“The thing with smell, though, is that you adapt to smells really quickly”可知,人们能够很快适应一种气味,故划线部分acclimate to意为“适应”,可用Get used to“习惯于”来解释。故选A。 4.细节理解题。根据第八段“It might warn you of danger…Or it might mean something pleasant”可知,气味不仅能警告你有危险,还意味着一些愉快的事情,比如盛开的花朵,新出炉的面包。故选C。 5.最佳标题题。根据全文内容可知,本文主要以“人们闻不见自己家里的味道”为例,说明了人们对气味有适应性,故“你为什么不能闻到你自己的房子?”可作为本文标题。故选B。

Clara Daly was sitting on a flight from Boston to Los Angeles when she heard a worried voice over the loudspeaker: “Does anyone on board know American Sign Language?”

Clara, 15 at the time, pressed the call button. An air hostess came by and explained the situation. “We have a passenger on the plane who’s blind and deaf,” she said. The passenger seemed to want something, but he was traveling alone and the air hostesses couldn’t understand what he needed.

Clara had been studying ASL for the past year to help blind and deaf people and she knew she’d be able to finger spell into the man’s palm (手掌). So she rose from her seat, walked toward the front of the plane, and knelt (跪下) by the seat of Tim Cook, then 64. Gently taking his hand, she signed, “How are you? Are you OK?” Cook asked for some water.

When it arrived, Clara returned to her seat. She came by again a bit later because he wanted to know the time. On her third visit, she stopped and stayed for a while.

“He didn’t need anything. He was lonely and wanted to talk,” Clara said.

So for the next hour, she talked about her family and her plans for the future. Cook told Clara how he had become blind over time and shared stories of his days as a traveling salesman. Even though he couldn’t see her, she “looked attentively at his face with such kindness,” a passenger reported.

“Clara was amazing,” an air hostess told Alaska Airlines in an interview. “You could tell Cook was very excited to have someone he could speak to, and she was such an angel.”

Cook’s reply: “Best trip I’ve ever had.”

1.What was the air hostesses’ problem in Paragraph 1?

A.They had a very difficult passenger.

B.They couldn’t understand American Sign Language.

C.They didn’t know the passenger’s name.

D.They didn’t have what the passenger wanted.

2.Why did Clara Daly believe she could help?

A.Because she happened to learn some ASL.

B.Because she had helped people like Cook.

C.Because she thought she might know Cook.

D.Because her grandfather had the same problem.

3.Into which did Clara Daly finger spell with Tim Cook?

A. B. C. D.

4.Why did Tim Cook keep asking for service?

A.Because he was hungry and thirsty.

B.Because he was interested in Clara’s story.

C.Because he was afraid of taking planes.

D.Because he needed someone to talk to.

5.Which of the following words best describe Clara Daly?

A.Brave and clever.

B.Beautiful and lovely.

C.Patient and caring.

D.Outgoing and friendly.



    This is a story of everyone.

A long time ago, there was a big apple tree. A little boy loved to come and play with it every day. But as time went by, the little boy had grown up and he no longer played around the tree.

One day, the boy came back to the tree.

“Come and play with me,” the tree asked the boy.

“I’m no longer a kid. I can’t play with you now,” the boy replied, “I need toys.” “Sorry, I don’t have any. But you can pick all my apples and sell them.”

The boy picked all the apples on the tree and left happily. He didn’t come back. The tree was sad. The other day, the boy returned and the tree was so excited.

“Come and play with me,” the tree said.

“I need a house for my family. Can you help me?” “You can cut off my branches to build your house.”

So the boy cut all the branches of the tree and left happily.

The tree was glad to see him happy, but the boy didn’t come since then. The tree was lonely again. One hot summer day, the boy came back again after he left for so many years.

“Sorry, my boy. But I don’t have anything for you anymore.”

“I don’t need much now, just a place to rest. I’m tired after all these years,” the boy replied. “Good! Please sit down with me and have a rest.”

The boy sat down and the tree was glad and smiled with tears.

1.At the beginning of the story, ________ loved to come and play with the apple tree.

A.a little boy B.a little girl C.some birds D.some animals

2.The boy said he needed ________ when he came back to the tree for the first time.

A.apples B.branches C.house D.toys

3.Every time, the boy left ________ when he got something from the apple tree.

A.sadly B.angrily C.happily D.worriedly

4.The boy came back to the apple tree ________ times in all.

A.two B.three C.four D.five

5.The apple tree asked the boy to ________ when the boy felt tired.

A.sit down and have a rest B.leave her alone for a while

C.picked all the apples on the tree D.cut off all the branches



A: Hi, Bruce. Summer holiday is coming. _________

B: I’m not sure yet. Maybe I’ll visit my aunt in Australia with my family.

A: Wow! _________ Do you go to Australia every year?

B: Yes. We go there once or twice a year.

A: _________

B: We fly for about 15 hours and then we take the bus.

A: _________

B: I usually help my aunt feed the animals on her farm.

A: A farm? You’re sure to have lots of fun on the farm!

B: Yes, and _________.

A: Sounds like you can enjoy the summer holiday so nice!

B: Yes! And it’s winter in Australia now!


A.Do you have any plans for it?

B.Does your brother like fruit?

C.Are you interested in making kites?

D.Can you play sports well?


A.That’s too bad!

B.Sounds cool!

C.I’m sorry to hear that.

D.How come?


A.How often do you go there

B.How many times can you go there?

C.How do you usually get there?

D.How much does the ticket cost?


A.How can we know so much?

B.When does the plane take off?

C.Why don’t you talk to your parents?

D.What do you usually do there?


A.my cousins and I play games every day

B.my parents never help with farm work

C.you can come to Australia with my family

D.we can have fun together in the US



    I shared with many of my friends about the story happened to me.

Twenty years ago, I drove a ______ for a living. One night I went to _____  up a passenger at 2:30 AM. When I arrived there, I walked to the door and knocked.

"Just a minute,"_______ a weak, elderly voice.

After a long pause, the door opened. An ______  man in his eighties stood before me. By his side was a small suitcase.

When we got into the taxi, he gave me an address, and then asked, "Could you drive   through   the downtown?"

"It's not the______   way," I answered quickly.

"Oh, I'm in no hurry," he said. "I'm _____  my way to a hospice (晚期病人护理所). I don’t have any family left. The doctor says I don’t have very long.”

I ____  reached over and shut off the meter(计时器).

For the next two hours, we drove through the city. He showed me the _____  where he had once worked and the building where his friends had worked.

Sometimes he'd ask me ____in front of a special building and would sit staring into the darkness, without saying anything.

In the early morning, he suddenly said, "I'm ______. Let's go now." We drove _____ to the address he had given me.

"How much do I pay you?" he asked.

"________ . It’s just like my short tour of downtown." I said. " ________ you have to make a living," he answered.

"Oh, there are other  ______ ," I answered.

Almost without thinking, I gave him a hug. He held on to me and said, "You  gave an old  man a little moment of _______ ."

1.A.bus B.car C.taxi D.train

2.A.set B.pick C.give D.make

3.A.shouted B.pointed C.pushed D.answered

4.A.old B.young C.strong D.thin

5.A.longest B.shortest C.farthest D.coldest

6.A.in B.on C.at D.from

7.A.quietly B.luckily C.carelessly D.badly

8.A.hospital B.factory C.building D.park

9.A.stopped B.stopping C.stop D.to stop

10.A.tired B.amazed C.relaxed D.worried

11.A.in surprise B.in silence C.in danger D.for fun

12.A.Nothing B.Anything C.Something D.Everything

13.A.Though B.And C.But D.Unless

14.A.drivers B.patients C.doctors D.passengers

15.A.joy B.gift C.stress D.shyness



—I’m really interested in ________.

—Mr. Black says we’ll have fun for a picnic in the Center Park.

A.where did you go on vacation last month

B.how can you swim across the large lake

C.where you are taking your school trip

D.how you can work out such a difficult problem



Copyright @ 2008-2019 满分5 学习网 ManFen5.COM. All Rights Reserved.