Why do some people live to be older than others? You know the standard explanations: keeping a moderate diet, engaging in regular exercise, etc. But what effect does your personality have on your longevity(长寿)? Do some kinds of personalities lead to longer lives? A new study in the Journal of the American Geriatrics Society looked at this question by examining the personality characteristics of 246 children of people who had lived to be at least 100.

The study shows that those living the longest are more outgoing, more active and less neurotic (神经质的) than other people. Long-living women are also more likely to be sympathetic and cooperative than women with a normal life span. These findings are in agreement with what you would expect from the evolutionary theory: those who like to make friends and help others can gather enough resources to make it through tough times.

Interestingly, however, other characteristics that you might consider advantageous had no impact on whether study participants were likely to live longer. Those who were more self-disciplined, for instance, were no more likely to live to be very old. Also, being open to new ideas had no relationship to long life, which might explain all those bad-tempered old people who are fixed in their ways.

Whether you can successfully change your personality as an adult is the subject of a longstanding psychological debate. But the new paper suggests that if you want long life, you should strive to be as outgoing as possible.

Unfortunately, another recent study shows that your mother’s personality may also help determine your longevity. That study looked at nearly 28,000 Norwegian mothers and found that those moms who were more anxious, depressed and angry were more likely to feed their kids unhealthy diets. Patterns of childhood eating can be hard to break when we’re adults, which may mean that kids of depressed moms end up dying younger.

Personality isn’t destiny, and everyone knows that individuals can learn to change. But both studies show that long life isn’t just a matter of your physical health but of your mental health.

1.The aim of the study in the Journal of the American Geriatrics Society is ________.

A. to see whether people’s personality affects their life span

B. to find out if one’s lifestyle has any effect on their health

C. to investigate the role of exercise in living a long life

D. to examine all the factors contributing to longevity

2.What does the author imply about outgoing and sympathetic people?

A. They have a good understanding of evolution.

B. They are better at negotiating an agreement.

C. They generally appear more resourceful.

D. They are more likely to get over hardship.

3.What finding of the study might prove somewhat out of our expectation?

A. Easy-going people can also live a relatively long life.

B. Personality characteristics that prove advantageous actually vary with times.

C. Such personality characteristics as self-discipline have no effect on longevity.

D. Readiness to accept new ideas helps one enjoy longevity.

4.What does the recent study of Norwegian mothers show?

A. Children’s personality characteristics are invariably determined by their mothers.

B. People with unhealthy eating habits are likely to die sooner.

C. Mothers’ influence on children may last longer than fathers.

D. Mothers’ negative personality characteristics may affect their children’s life spans.

 

Sir William Osler has a few words for you: “In the Life of a young man, the most essential thing for happiness is the gift of friendship.” Truer words were never spoken. For what more could you ask than comradeship during the peaks and valleys of life? To whom else but a close, valuable friend can you show off your successes and complain about your failures or losses?

What is a “good friend”? How is he best described? Well, it has been my observation that although many will cry with you, few can sincerely rejoice (欣喜) with you. Therefore, in my opinion, a good friend is one who can enjoy your successes without envy; one who can say, “That was wonderful! You can do it again, even better if you want!” and mean it. Nothing taxes a friendship more than the success of one and not the other. Even the closest of friendships often cannot resist such pressure and fail. No wonder many minor friendships go down day by day for the same reason.

A person of good character and sound moral, of honor and humor, of courage and belief is a friend to be sought and treasured — for there are few. Too often we hear, “If you can count your good friends on more than one hand, consider yourself blessed.” And even then I would add, “Even if you have lost two fingers of that hand to the electric saw.

What makes a friendship last? Well, I don’t know all the answers, but one of my observations is that most good friends usually have similar tastes. They generally like and dislike many of the same things. There also usually seems to exist a similarity of personality types especially in the fundamental values of life such as honesty, sincerity, loyalty, and dependability. More often than not, birds of a feather do fly together. I don’t think it matters a lot whether one prefers jazz or hockey to another’s Mozart or ballet. Much other matters far more: relying, sharing, giving, getting, enjoying; a sympathetic ear always there; criticism when it can help; praise even if only because it would help. With not many people on this earth will you find this much in common. When you find one, hang on to him, for a good friend found is a rare treasure.

1.What is the meaning of the underlined sentence in Paragraph two?

A. People don’t have to pay taxes to develop friendship with others.

B. Success of one person can promote his friendship with others.

C. Friendship can be affected by the difference in success between friends.

D. Nothing can affect friendship because it has gone through the peaks and valleys of life.

2.What is the main idea of Paragraph three?

A. One is lucky to have many friends.

B. A friend should have a good character.

C. We should count our friends on more than one hand.

D. A true friend should be treasured because there are few.

3.According to the passage, which of the following plays the LEAST important role in a long-lasting friendship?

A. Hobbies.    B. Tastes.    C. Personality.    D. Sympathy.

4.The passage mainly tells us ________.

A. How good friends share the same taste and hobbies?

B. Why is friendship essetial in one’s life?

C. What is friendship and what makes it last?

D. What one can do to keep friendship last?

 

The Swedish Academy’s mid-October announcement regarding literature seldom fails to cause second-guessing.

Bob Dylan was awarded the big prize this morning, and my social media has been alive with indignation ever since. The Nobel did not go to those excellent novelists but to a songwriter. Some of those same people are still protesting that last year it was warded to Svetlana Alexievich, a “journalist”. They have decided, for whatever reasons, that song lyrics(歌词) are not literature.

And people are upset because Bob Dylan is the voice of some generation other than theirs, because he works in a popular style, because he does not work in this minute’s popular style, because he appeared on a car commercial that aired during the Super Bowl, because his songwriting skills dropped off he was famous long ago, after all.

You may not think of Dylan as a poet, but Dylan created a climate in which lyrics were taken seriously. And Dylan accomplished something that few novelists or poets or for that matter songwriters have managed to do in our time: he changed the time he lived. Through words, with music, he affected the opinions and ambitions of hundreds of millions of people all over the world.The Nobel Prize in Literature cannot ever be all things to all people, and while this year’s award failed to accomplish various possible objectives, it was not in any way misapplied.

1.What does the underlined word “indignation” in Paragraph 2 probably mean?

A. Curiosity.    B. Happiness.

C. Excitement.    D. Anger.

2.Why are people upset about Dylan’s being awarded?

A. He failed to represent any generation.

 

B. He didn’t have good songwriting skills.

C. He played badly in the Super Bowl.

D. He is not popular any longer.

3.Paragraph 4 mainly focuses on Dylan’s _________.

A. style    B. influence

C. efforts    D. ambitions

4.Which can serve as the title of the passage?

A. No dish suits all tastes

B. Great minds think alike

C. Misfortune may be actual blessing

D. Judge not according to the appearance

 

British Women Writers in different periods of time

The English Renaissance

The English Renaissance began in the later part of the fifteenth century and lasted until the 1660s. Among the most famous women writers of this period is Aphra Behn, who is seen as the first professional woman writer in English. Aphra Behn's works include also the plays The Amourous Prince, The Town Fop, The Dutch Lover and her only tragedy, Abdelazer.

The neoclassical period

Among the well-known women in British literature during the neoclassical period, from 1660 to the end of the eighteenth century, is Anne Finch. She wrote poetry and tried to express all that she saw and experienced. Another woman was recognized for her contribution to neoclassical British literature: Mary Astell. Mary Astell was a philosopher and a feminist writer. She is best known now for her theories on the education of women.

The Romantic period

Jane Austen is one of the most famous women writers that worked during the Romantic period (1798-1832). Her works include several novels, most of which focus on marriage as a way for young women to secure social standing and economic security. Her most famous novels are Pride and Prejudice, Sense and Sensibility and Emma.

The Victorian period

The Victorian period, between the 1830s and 1900, was the time when the Bronte sisters, George Eliot and Elizabeth Gaskell lived and wrote. Charlotte Bronte, Emily Bronte and Anne Bronte produced many British literary classics. Mary Anne Evans adopted the male pen name George as she wanted to set herself apart from the feminine genre(女性主义流派) of cookbooks and domestic moral tales. Her most famous novel is The Mill on the Floss published in 1860.

1.According to the passage, Aphra Behn was famous for ________.

A. novels    B. poetry    C. plays    D. cookbooks

2.According to the passage, why did Mary Anne Evans publish her stories under the name of George Eliot?

A. Women were forbidden to write novels then.    B. Her works would be different.

C. It helped promote her works.    D. It sounded more popular.

3.If a reader is interested in women’s education, whose works can be the best choice?

A. Anne Finch’s.    B. Mary Astell’s.

C. Mary Wortley Montagu’s.    D. Mary Shelley’s.

 

假设你是王林, 得知你校拟聘用一名英语口语老师,你的美国朋友Peter已经教书十年,而且对中国文化很感兴趣。请你用英语给他发一封100词左右的电子邮件,希望他能来应聘。口语老师要求如下:

1. 精通英语,大学毕业;2. 教学经验丰富,性格开朗;3. 喜欢学生,工作负责。

    注意:1. 可以适当增加细节,以使行文连贯;2. 文中不得透露个人姓名和学校名称。

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下面短文中有10处语言错误,每句中最多有两处。每处错误仅涉及一个单词的增加、删除或修改。

增加:在缺词处加一个漏词符号(),并在其下面写出该加的词。

删除:把多余的词用斜线(\)划掉。

修改:在错的词下划一横线,并在该词下面写出修改后的词。

注意:1. 每处错误及其修改均仅限一词;2. 只允许修改10处,多者(从第11处起)不计分。

A century before, a bird called the passenger pigeon lived in North America. There were so many passenger pigeons when people often saw thousands, even millions of birds flying overhead. Therefore, there is not a single one left today. What happened? How did all passenger pigeons disappear from the earth entire?

The passenger pigeons become extinct for two reason. First, the forests that it lived was cut down to make way with farms and cities. Second, many pigeons were shot and eaten because they were good to eat. At that time, there were no hunting laws protect endangered species as they are now.

 

It is reported that a surprisingly high number of city citizens in China suffer1.poor health and many die at an early age.

Poor health with no sign of any identified disease, a condition known as “sub health” is on 2.rise. Sub health 3.(mark) by general weakness, low energy levels and a poor immune system.

A survey4.was held in 16 cities with over one million population showed high proportion of urban Chinese have been suffering such health problems. The numbers are5.(particular) high in Beijing, Shanghai and Guangdong.

The problem happens6.(most) among senior and middle-level managers, clerks and other white-collar workers with high educational level.

The sub health condition, found in most cases among those groups of people, will have bad effects on China’s long term7.(develop) and progress unless8.(deal) timely and properly.

A survey by the Chinese Academy of Science shows that the average life of Chinese intellectuals is 58 years, 10 years9.(low) than the nation’s average. This early death phenomenon may be increasing. A health expert said China should race against time, 10.(seek) measures to solve the problem.

 

As a temporary teacher, my daily routine_______driving to a new school_______every day, so I’m usually unable to anticipate (预料) the day’s events, good or bad.

On one particular day, I was teaching in a very_______class. I was managing behavior all the morning and by lunch time, I needed coffee to_______the afternoon. So at my lunch_______, I drove to a nearby plaza to get a cup of_______. Upon returning to the car, I realized I had_______my keys and my phone_______. I had about 15 minutes to get back to the school which was a good 4–or–5 minute_______. I thought of rushing back, but it being________, I thought a nasty fall on ice would only make the situation much________.

So I ran into a McDonald’s which was in the________plaza and asked the man at the counter who ________to be the manager to help me call a tab. I________explained my situation and he hurried to the back to use the phone________I paced in the restaurant.

The manager returned________to tell me that the cab company had put him on hold and then the line got________. My expression began to resemble some combination of hopelessness and fear.

Almost immediately, the manager grabbed his coat and________to drive me to the school. Without________, I followed him into his car and made back into my classroom with 2 minutes to ________before the bell!

1.A. concludes    B. involves    C. relates    D. connects

2.A. almost    B. hardly    C. really    D. luckily

3.A. easy    B. pleasant    C. difficult    D. noisy

4.A. cost    B. pick    C. finish    D. survive

5.A. stop    B. stay    C. pause    D. break

6.A. tea    B. milk    C. coffee    D. wine

7.A. locked    B. forgot    C. threw    D. shut

8.A. down    B. inside    C. up    D. outside

9.A. distance    B. drive    C. walk    D. time

10.A. summer    B. fall    C. winter    D. spring

11.A. worse    B. easier    C. better    D. simpler

12.A. other    B. another    C. next    D. same

13.A. turned    B. explained    C. happened    D. came

14.A. quickly    B. briefly    C. slowly    D. hurriedly

15.A. after    B. until    C. when    D. while

16.A. even    B. only    C. still    D. yet

17.A. disconnected    B. stuck    C. troubled    D. interrupted

18.A. dragged    B. pulled    C. offered    D. pushed

19.A. problem    B. choice    C. alternative    D. hesitation

20.A. spare    B. leave    C. ring    D. control

 

Smile, when making an introduction

Every day we meet people in a number of business and social situations.1.It’s important to do so in a proper way, no matter whether you are introducing yourself to someone, or introducing two people to each other. To keep you aware of this, we have gathered tips to make a proper introduction.

Always stand when making an introduction

When you are seated and someone comes up to greet you, make the effort to stand up. 2.

Always maintain eye contact while making an introduction

Many people are not aware of the value of this simple action. 3.

Always introduce a person of less authority to one of greater authority

4. For example, when introducing your supervisor to a job candidate, you would give your supervisor’s name first.

In a situation where rank is unimportant, an introduction is based on sex and age

A man is presented to a woman and a younger woman to an older woman. What if you find yourself in a situation where you have forgotten the other person’s name? 5. By doing this, you will usually cause the other person to do the same. This is not the ideal situation, but it does happen to all of us.

A. Start with a handshake and reintroduce yourself.

B. When you make eye contact, you are giving a confident image.

C. The most important thing to remember is to say the most important person’s name first.

D. Standing up is the most important to meet a person.

E. By doing this, you show respect for yourself and the other person.

F. And the way we meet and greet them creates an impression.

G. By staring at the other person, you show your interest.

 

One hot summer I was traveling down the freeway on a day trip to Los Angeles. During my journey down the highway, another motorist suddenly started cutting into my lane. Being in the far right lane, my car was forced onto the shoulder of the road. Being an experienced driver, I steered my car back onto the highway, the motorist drove away without saying anything.

While I wasn’t very happy with the person for cutting in front of me, I decided to consider it an honest mistake—a lack of attention to the lane change or a driver lost in thought. It certainly could not have been done on purpose. The car sped away after cutting in front of me and was soon out of sight.

After a while, I caught up with the same motorist on the side of the road. He was an elderly gentleman who was walking along the side of the freeway on this hot day. With his car stopped on the side of the road and the nearest services at least twenty miles away, I decided to stop and see what the problem was.

The man’s car had a flat tire, and while he had a spare tire, he didn’t have a jack. I decided to help him and allowed him to sit in my air–conditioned car while I changed his tire. Fifteen minutes later, I was hot, sweaty and dirty, but I did feel good after doing something for someone.

1.Which of the following word can best describe the author?

A. Bad-tempered.    B. Humorous.    C. Hard-working.    D. Kind-hearted.

2.We can infer from the second paragraph that the _______.

A. motorist didn’t pay any attention to the lane change

B. motorist was lost in thought while he was driving

C. motorist cut in front of the author on purpose

D. author forgave the motorist

3.Why did the motorist stop his car on the side of the road? Because_______.

A. he got lost    B. his car had a flat tire

C. he wanted to have a rest    D. he wanted to travel with the author

4.What can we learn from the text?

A. Actions speak louder than words.    B. An act of kindness can make you feel good.

C. No pain, no gain.    D. It is no use crying over spilt milk.

 

It is said that there’s no such things as a free lunch, but even if you manage to bag a bargain meal, it will not taste as good as a more expensive choice, according to scientists.

    A new study has found that restaurant goers who pay more for the food is tastier than offered for a smaller price. The experts think that people tend to associate cost with quality and this changes their perception(感知)of how food tastes.

   Scientists at Cornell University studied the eating habits of 139 people who enjoy an Italian buffet in a restaurant. The price of the food was set by the researchers at either $4 or $8 for the all–you–can–eat meal. Customers were asked to rate how good the food tasted, the quality of the restaurant and to leave their names.

   The experiment showed that the people who paid $8 enjoyed their meal 11% more than those who ate the “cheaper” buffet. Interestingly those that paid for the $4 buffet said they felt guiltier about loading up their plates and felt that they overate. However, the scientists said that both groups ate around the same quantity of food in total.

   Brian Wansink, a professor of consumer behavior at the university, said: “we were fascinated to find that pricing has little effect on how much one eats, but a huge effect on how you interpret the experience.” He thinks that people enjoyed their food more as they associated cost with quality and that small changes to a restaurant can change how tasty people find their meals.

    In a previous study, researchers from the university showed that people who eat in bright lighting consume more than eat in less brightly lit areas.

1.We can learn from the passage that _______ .

A. there were 139 subjects involved in the new study

B. a free lunch might be as delicious as you expected

C. the high pricing will change the exact taste of the food

D. in the experiment, the price of the food ranged from $4 to $10

2.Which of the factors has an effect on the quantity of food a person consumes?

A. The taste of the food.    B. The price of the food.

C. The number of companions.    D. The lighting of the restaurant.

3.Who will benefit from the new study?

A. The person who runs a restaurant.    B. The person who often eats outside.

C. The person who works on decoration.    D. The person who studies in university.

4.The passage is tended to ______ .

A. promote marketing methods    B. inform readers of a new study

C. teach consumers how to eat better    D. find the association between cost and quality

 

We’ve reached a strange–some would say unusual–point. While fighting world hunger continues to be the matter of vital importance according to a recent report from the World Health Organization, more people now die from being overweight, or say, from being extremely fat, than from being underweight. It’s the good life that’s more likely to kill us these days.

   Worse still, nearly 18 million children under the age of five around the world are estimated to be overweight. What’s going on?

   We really don’t have many excuses for our weight problems. The dangers of the problem have been drilled into us by public–health campaigns since 2001 and the message is getting through-up to a point.

   In the 1970s, Finland, for example, had the highest rate of heart disease in the world and being overweight was its main cause. Not any more. A public–health campaign has greatly reduced the number of heart disease deaths by 80 percent over the past three decades.

   Maybe that explains why the percentage of people in Finland taking diet pills doubled between 2001 and 2005, and doctors even offer surgery of removing fat inside and change the shape of the body. That has become a sort of fashion. No wonder it ranks as the world’s most body –conscious country.

   We know what we should be doing to lose weight—but actually doing it is another matter. By far the most popular excuse is not taking enough exercise. More than half of us admit we lack willpower. Others blame good food. They say: it’s just too inviting and it makes them overeat. Still others lay the blame on the Americans, complaining that pounds have piled on thanks to eating too much American–style fast food.

   Some also blame their parents—their genes. But unfortunately, the parents are wronged because they’re normal in shape, or rather slim.

   It’s a similar story around the world, although people are relatively unlikely to have tried to lose weight. Parents are eager to see their kids shape up. Do as I say—not as I do.

1.What’s the “strange” point mentioned in the first sentence?

A. The good life is a greater risk than the bad life.

B. Starvation is taking more people’s lives in the world.

C. WHO report shows people’s unawareness of food safety.

D. Overweight issue remains unresolved despite WHO’s efforts.

2.Why does the author think that people have no excuse for being overweight?

A. A lot of effective diet pills are available.

B. Body image has nothing to do with good food.

C. They have been made fully aware of its dangers.

D. There are too many overweight people in the world.

3.The example of Finland is used to illustrate _______.

A. the cause of heart disease    B. there are too many overweight people in the world

C. the effectiveness of a campaign    D. the fashion of body shaping

4.Which would be the best title for the passage?

A. Actions or Excuses    B. Overweight or Underweight

C. WHO in a Dilemma    D. No Longer Dying of Hunger

 

Chester City Library offers a range of Library Special Needs services to people who don’t have access to our library service in the usual way. As long as you live in Chester City, we’ll provide a wide range of library services and resources including:

    Large printed and ordinary printed books            Talking books on tape and CD

    DVDs and music CDs          Magazines         Reference and information requests

    Home delivery service

Let us know what you like to read and we will choose the resources for you. Our staff will deliver the resources to your home for free. We also provide a service where we can choose the resources for you or someone instead of you choose the things from the library. You can also choose the resources you need personally.

    Talking books and captioned videos

    The library can provide talking books for people who are unable to use printed books because of eye diseases. You don’t have to miss out on reading any more when you can borrow talking books from the library. If you have limited hearing which prevents you from enjoying movies, we can provide captioned videos for you at no charge.

    Languages besides English

   We can provide books in a range of languages besides English. If possible, we will request these items from the State library of NSW, Australia.

    How to join

   Contact the library Special Needs Coordinator to register or discuss if you are suitable for any of the services we provide—Tuesday, Wednesday and Thursday 9 am—5 pm on 4297 2522 for more information.

1.Library Special Needs Services are meant for ________.

A. those who are fond of reading

B. only those who have walking disabilities

C. those who can’t get medical help in Chester City

D. people living in Chester City with an illness or disability

2.Which of the following statement is TRUE ?

A. Few entertaining resources are offered here.

B. Books with different languages are available.

C. People have to choose what they need by themselves.

D. People with limited hearing have to pay for captioned videos.

3.To get home delivery service, you must ________.

A. only choose printed books    B. have others choose the resources for you

C. pay the library ahead of time    D. register ahead of time

 

在学习global warming之后请你谈谈对the warming of the earth的认识,并谈谈作为一名在校高二学生你应该做哪些事情来保护环境。(至少三件事)

 

假定英语课上老师要求同桌之问交换修改作文,请你修改你同桌写的以下作文。文中共有10处语言错误,每句中最多两处。每处错误仅涉及一个单词的增加、删除或修改。

增加:在缺词处加一个漏字符号(),并在其下面写出该加的词;

删除:把多余的词用斜线()划掉;

修改:在错的词下划一横线,并在该词下面写出修改后的词。

注意:1.每处错误及其修改均限一词;

      2.只允许修改10处,多肯(从第11处起)不计分。

Some questions have only one correct answer. These types of question are called closed questions. It test your understanding at basic level.... Other questions have more than one right answer, or do not have any wrong answers. These are called open-ended questions. They help you to think more deep about what you learned and to make pessonal judgements. They encourage discussion with other students or help you develop your English by new and challenging ways. Both types of question are useful, so you should take both kind of sentence seciously. When answer open-ended questions, don’t worry whether your answer is right or wrong.Every of answer that has been well thought out is a correct answer.

 

Dear brother,

I'm now writing to you for your advice. How I wish you1.(be) here with me!

Yesterday afternoon,I went to a bookstore with one of my friends. After we went out, he showed me2.book he had stolen, 3.(consider)he was wrong, I suggested he4.(go)back to return it or pay for it.5.he didn’t listen to me, otherwise I wouldn’t have reported it to his mother.

Now I’m really6.(regret). I would rather I7.(not let)his mother know it. Ater all, he is my friend, without8.help, I wouldn’t have made so rapid progress in study.

But9.is now obvious that he has begun to hate me. It seems as if we hadn’t been friends before. Can you advise what I should do now?

10.(be) you in my position, what would you do?I hope you can give me some advice as soon as possible.

 

Leonardo da Vinci began painting the Mona Lisa in 1503. He was working_______a special painting for a church at that time,_______the church painting was not _______well. An Italian businessman asked da Vinci to paint a picture of his second _______. This is the woman who _______be seen in the Mona Lisa.

All in all, the Mona Lisa is a very good example of da Vinci's _______, and it satisfied the husband. Da Vinci used ______and light in a clever ________in the painting.

Da Vinci loved science and_______Right away a person can see that there is a lot of geometry(几何形状) in the Mona Lisa. The face of the Mona Lisa is made of many circles and ________shapes like ________. Even her ________can be seen as a small part of a large circle.

The woman in the ________is sitting on a balcony (阳台), and ________can be seen behind her because Da Vinci loved to study rocks, and these can be seen ________in his other paintings. The woman is sitting with her knees _______the side. Her head is turned to look out of the painting. Her hands are_______together in front of her. This way of________is now used by many ______when they are______. The Mona Lisa is a remarkable master.

1.A. about    B. up    C. in    D. on

2.A. so long as    B. but    C. in spite of    D. however

3.A. working    B. doing    C. going    D. making

4.A. wife    B. servant    C. daughter    D. nurse

5.A. can    B. must    C. should    D. might

6.A. novels    B. photos    C. works    D. masterpiece

7.A. darkness    B. oils    C. heaviness    D. blank

8.A. hand    B. eye    C. way    D. picture

9.A. geography    B. biology    C. chemistry    D. maths

10.A. long    B. circular    C. square    D. round

11.A. cigars    B. packets    C. diamonds    D. balls

12.A. emotion    B. pattern    C. preference    D. smile

13.A. painting    B. cottage    C. exhibition    D. canvas

14.A. sparrow    B. mountains    C. landscape    D. kitten

15.A. that’s to say    B. over and over    C. on the other hand    D. by and by

16.A. on    B. by    C. to    D. beyond

17.A. hung    B. caught    C. held    D. supported

18.A. sitting    B. painting    C. living    D. smiling

19.A. models    B. females    C. bridegrooms    D. brides

20.A. played    B. being painted    C. painting    D. being played       

 

The word “addiction” usually makes you think of alcohol or drugs.?1.Some people are compulsive (难以自制的) shoppers. Others find it impossible to pull themselves away from their work. Still others spend countless hours watching TV or playing computer games.

2.Many people enjoy going to malls or stores more and more every day, but it’s more than a common hobby for some of them. They have turned into shopaholics(购物狂). They are people who simply enjoy shopping and walking around spending money without being able to stop doing it. They are hooked(吸引) on shopping and usually buy things that they don’t need. Even though they don’t have enough money, they buy everything they want.

3.There isn't a specific answer. Some people go shopping when they are sad, worried, upset or lonely and they want to feel better. They use this activity as a way to forget their problems. Shopaholics say that they feel more important and better after they buy something.4..

Shopaholism seems to be a harmless addiction, but it can bring out problems. Some of them can be psychological. If this is the case, people addicted to shopping should go to a support group to help them break this habit. However, the process, like for most addictions, is long, and they suffer a lot.5. They just think about satisfying their feelings, so they spend money they don’t have. They get deep in debt, and they can even go bankrupt(破产的) and get sent to prison.

A.Once you are addicted to alcohol or drugs, it is difficult to get rid of.

B. Over the years, shopping has become a very common activity.

C. People addicted to computer games consider the games as great ways to amuse themselves.

D. However, in modern society we are seeing some new kinds of addictions.

E. The question is, why do they have this addiction?

F. They also tend to have this addiction when they feel guilty.

G. It can also cause financial problems

 

In Antarctica, you learn not to take anything for granted. Everything people depend on has to be shipped or flown into the continent. Why? There are no farms on the icy continent. There are  certainly no cows, pigs or chickens. As for drinking water, special systems and a great deal of energy are needed to take the salt out of seawater to make it useable.

Then there is the matter of waste. The US Antarctic Program is committed (致力于) to reducing its impact- or footprint--on the Antarctic environment. That means that every bit of garbage a person might produce in a day has to be transported off the continent. That's true whether it's the wrapper from your candy bar, the green beans you didn't want to eat or the paper towels you used to wipe your hands,

McMurdo Station has put into place technology that helps it reduce its footprint. It starts with energy. The US research base has partnered its nearby neighbor, New Zealand's Scott Base, to share energy produced from three large wind turbines. Scott Base gets 100% of its power from wind, says Ron Blevins, manager at a power plant, while the American base gets about 35% of its energy from wind. The much larger US base uses oil-fired generators(发电机) to supply the rest of its energy needs. The waste heat produced by the generators is then used to warm many of its buildings.

The McMurdo base also has a wastewater treatment plant. Yubecca Bragg, an organic farmer, manages the treatment plant. Bragg explains that treatment depends on allowing microorganisms(微生物) to break down the waste until the liquid part of the waste can be safely released into the ocean. Between 150, 000 and 180,000 pounds a year of the remaining solid waste is packed into containers and sent back to the US.

1.We can learn from the first paragraph that          .

A. farmers have to raise cows in Antarctica

B. people like taking the ships in Antarctica

C. it is not easy to live in Antarctica

D. water in Antarctica is useless at all

2.How do people in Antarctica deal with the solid garbage?

A. They have it taken away later.    B. They wrap it in the paper towels.

C. They ignore it completely.    D. They keep it in the dustbins.

3.It can be inferred from Ron Blevins’ words that       .

A. the US base gets its most energy from wind

B. the US base doesn't need too much energy

C. Scott Base tries to remove its footprint

D. New Zealand's technology is advanced

4.Which of the following is harmful to the environment of Antarctica?

A. The large wind turbine.    B. An oil-fired generator.

C. A wastewater treatment plant.    D. Scott Base's power plant.

 

The Summer Program

Program Highlights:

(1)More outdoor Chinese study: All trips and activities focus on developing language skills in Chinese, as well as building up self-confidence and teamwork ability. Campers would get a clear awareness of the program theme---- “Observe-Think-Act”.

(2) One-to-one Chinese tutoring; One hour per day, we have college students majoring in Teaching Chinese as a Foreign Language work as tutors.

(3) Breakfast is upgraded to western buffet style and offered by the host four-star hotel.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Discount Policy:

1,000 off per student for early bird applications on or before March 31st;

●¥1,000 off per student for returning students;

●¥500 off per student for 2 family siblings;

●¥1,000 off per student for a group of 3 or above (siblings/friends).

Contact information: Ms Summer

E-mail : summer@richblcu . com

Tel: (+86) 10 8230-3067

1.What will campers do if they join in the program?

A. Study together with some college teachers.

B. Have a chance to improve their confidence.

C. Spend more time learning Chinese.

D. Have each meal in four-star hotels every day.

2.When should all the applications be submitted at the latest?

A. By late July.    B. By late August.    C. By late March.    D. By late June.

3.What should we do to save some money according to the discount policy?

A. Attend the program with three or more students.

B. Hand in our applications as early as we can.

C. Make a trip with all our family members.

D. Come back to the program in a limited time.

 

Not long ago, people could only buy organic food in small shops. Today it is common in most major supermarkets. The reason for the increase is that more and more people are demanding food grown without chemicals. Since the 1990s, organic farm production has gone up 20 percent every year. This pattern is expected to continue around the globe.

Australia leads the world in land used for organic agriculture. It has four times as much land devoted to organic farming as all of Asia. However, most of the land is not very fertile, and it only produces a modest amount of food. Argentina is a distant second, followed by Brazil, the United States and China. In Africa, only a very small amount of land is registered for organic farming. That does not mean Africa relies on chemicals. In fact, many farmers do not use chemicals because they cannot afford them. Yet there are no programs for these farmers to prove they do not use chemicals. Without these programs their food can never be approved organic.

India has had the most dramatic recent increase in organic farming. Like many other countries, India sees continual growth in organic food sales around the world. This, of course, leads to growth in profits. Sales of organic food were more than doubled from 2000 to 2005. Like India, many countries are trying to increase commercial organic farming to get a share of the sales. This has led to criticism. Some people believe that organic farming should not just be about making money. They think the goal is to help the environment. Others say organic farming will not continue if it is not profitable. They say that people should be able to make money while providing food that is healthy to mankind.

1.What is the passage mainly about?

A. Countries all want to make money from organic farming.

B. Organic food has become much more common.

C. People do not want to eat food with chemicals in it.

D. Farming organically is growing around the world.

2.Why do people want to increase organic farming?

A. Organic food is good for the Earth and the human beings.

B. More and more people demand chemicals to grow food.

C. Profits from organic farming help make approval programs.

D. There are fewer chemicals available to the human beings.

3.From the passage, it can be said that __________.

A. China and India have the same amount of organic farmland

B. India uses the least land to farm organically

C. the US is the fourth largest organic farming country

D. Brazil uses less land to farm organically than China

4.It can be inferred from the passage that ________.

A. there will be fewer organic farms if demand for organic food goes down

B. people who eat food with chemicals have shorter lifespan

C. India will soon become the largest grower of organic food

D. more countries will farm organically as the environment gets worse

 

No poem should ever be discussed or analyzed, until it has been read aloud by someone, teacher or student. Better still, perhaps, is the practice of reading it twice, once at the beginning of the discussion and once at the end. All discussions of poetry are, in fact, preparations for reading it aloud, and the reading of the poem is, finally, the most telling “interpretation” of it, suggesting tone, rhythm, and meaning all at once. Hearing a poet read the work in his or her own voice, on records or on films, is obviously a special reward. But even those aids to teaching cannot replace the student and teacher reading it or, best of all, reciting(背诵) it.

I have come to think, in fact, that time spent reading a poem aloud is much more important than analyzing it if there isn’t time for both. I think one of our goals as teachers of English is to have students love poetry. Poetry is a criticism of life, and a heightening(提升) of life. It is an approach to the truth of feeling, and it can save your life.

I am not saying that every English teacher must teach poetry. Those who don’t like it should not be forced to put that dislike on anyone else. But those who do teach poetry must keep in mind a few things about its essential nature, about its sound as well as its sense, and they must make room in the classroom for hearing poetry as well as thinking about it.

1.To have a better understanding of a poem, one should________.

A. analyze it by oneself    B. copy it down in a notebook

C. practise reading it aloud    D. discuss it with others

2.According to the writer, one of the purposes of teaching English is to get students ________.

A. to enjoy poetry    B. to become teachers

C. to become poets    D. to understand life

3.The underlined words “make room” in the last paragraph probably means ________.

A. to provide equipment    B. to leave a certain amount of time

C. to set aside enough space    D. to build a booth

4.The best title for the passage may be ________.

A. Analyzing Poems    B. Discussing Poems

C. Learning English    D. Reading Poems Aloud

 

加拿大高中生David在互联网上登出启事notice,希望结识一位中国朋友,以便学习中国的语言、文化。假设你是光明中学的李华,请在看到这则启事后,用英文给David发出一封电子邮件。主要内容包括:

  1.你怎样得知他的愿望

  2.你愿意成为他的朋友

  3.你打算如何帮助他

  4.你盼望他的回复

注意:1.词数100左右;

2.可适当增加细节,以使行文连贯;

3.开头和结尾已经给出,不计入总词数。

Dear David,

_____ ________________________________________________________________________________________

_________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

                                                                                    Yours,

                                                                                     Li Hua

 

假定英语课上老师要求同桌之间交换修改作文,请你修改你同桌写的以下作文。文中共有10处语言错误,每句中最多有两处。错误涉及一个单词的增加、删除或修改。

增加:在缺词处加一个漏字符号(),并在其下面写出该加的词。

删除:把多余的词用斜线(\)划掉。

修改:在错的词下划一横线,并在该词下面写出修改后的词。

注意:1.每处错误及其修改均仅限一词;

2.只允许修改10处,多者(从第11处起)不计分。

I’d like to introduce Sarah to you. She is a good friend of me. Actually she is an exchange student from Ireland, which has been studying in my school for two month. Wanting to take an advantage of her short time here, Sarah works hardly. She had not studied Chinese before arriving here, but she has some difficulty communicating with people. She woke up early morning to study a bit before class. I admire her independence for doing all of this while live so far away from her family. Besides, Sarah is in great help. Busy as she is, she often takes time help classmates with their English homework. A lovely girl, isn’t she?

 

 

If you are interested in getting university education in China and 1.(run) of the university program, you may need to register in the high school. Starting your education at high school level in China gives you an advantage since you will be well 2.(prepare) before joining the university. You will have learnt Chinese Mandarin(普通话)3.will make your daily conversations smooth. You will also have familiarized with the surrounding, making 4.easy to get your way around.

With a high school admission, you will also 5.(introduce) to a Chinese way of learning and education at 6.early age. Getting a high school 7.(admit) in China is easy. You only need to look for schools which are offering high school education to the international students. Most of them offer instructions both in English 8.Chinese. Choose a right environment that will allow you to learn the local language, choose an area that is 9.(convenience) to you and select a school that allows a foreign student to 10.(easy) adapt to a new culture.

 

Many years ago, I drove my seven-six-old daughter to school in our car. This _______day, we passed by many_______people who were begging. She asked why the same people were_______help every day and why no one was_______.

   I really didn’t have a(n)_______answer to this question. So I decided to ask her how she thought she could help.

   My little girl always had _______ideas flowing out of her which I couldn’t keep_______. The next day on the morning _______to school, my daughter asked me to stop at each_______where a homeless person stood. I asked why, but was quickly________to wait and see.

   I ________my window and asked the gentleman to________. My daughter handed him 50 cents ________told him she would see him every morning. This went on for three blocks. I asked her where all of the money came________and she immediately informed me that her classmates took up a ________of coins and love for her to pass on to the “people on the corner.”

   Every school day for two more wonderful years we stopped and ________ coins or a good morning wish to the “people on the corner”. She could always get everyone to ________ even if just for a quick second.

   Times have changed, and many people________of giving money to homeless people on the corner but everyone deserve to be________, so my “people on the corner” get a “good morning and a smile” every day. I get the same________ every day.

1.A. particular    B. curious    C. anxious    D. enthusiastic

2.A. hopeless    B. aimless    C. homeless    D. friendless

3.A. apologizing for    B. standing for    C. working for    D. asking for

4.A. helping    B. sparing    C. observing    D. paying

5.A. difficult    B. easy    C. possible    D. abstract

6.A. such many    B. such much    C. so many    D. so much

7.A. out of    B. away from    C. in touch    D. up with

8.A. breakfast    B. trip    C. sun    D. rain

9.A. house    B. corner    C. highway    D. garage

10.A. identified    B. confirmed    C. informed    D. proved

11.A. rolled down    B. put down    C. broken down    D. cut down

12.A. fall over    B. go over    C. turn over    D. come over

13.A. but    B. so    C. or    D. and

14.A. out    B. from    C. down    D. about

15.A. collection    B. fund    C. action    D. account

16.A. awarded    B. rewarded    C. afforded    D. offered

17.A. laugh    B. cry    C. smile    D. sob

18.A. dislike    B. support    C. disapprove    D. agree

19.A. permitted    B. acknowledged    C. abandoned    D. embarrassed

20.A. in return    B. by turns    C. in case    D. by accident

 

 

   Why is pink or purple a color for girls and blue or brown for boys? 1.To the Egyptians, green was a color that represented the hope and joy of spring, while for Muslims, it means heaven. Red is a symbol of good luck in many cultures. In China, children are given money in a red envelope to bring good fortune in the New Year. For many nations, blue is a symbol of protection and religious beliefs. 2.

People’s choice of colors is also influenced by their bodies’ reactions(反应) toward them. Green is said to be the most restful color. 3.People who work in green environment have been found to have fewer stomach aches.

4. So many decorators will include different shades of red in the restaurant. Similarly, many commercial websites will have a red “Buy Now” button because red is a color that easily catches a person’s eye.

Blue is another calming color. Unlike red, blue can cause people to lose appetite. 5.

The next time you are deciding on what to wear or what color to decorate your room, think about the color carefully.

A. It has the ability to reduce pain and relax people both mentally and physically.

B. Red can cause a person’s blood pressure to rise and increase people’s appetites(食欲).

C. The answer depends largely on cultural values as well as personal experiences.

D. Red can cause people to be excited and encourage them to make a purchase.

E. Greek people often wear a blue necklace hoping to protect themselves against evils.

F. So if you want to eat less, some suggest that eating from blue plates can help.

G. Because girls like pink or purple while boys blue or brown.

 

I was desperately nervous about becoming car-free. But eight months ago our car was hit by a passing vehicle and it was destroyed. No problem, I thought: we’ll buy another. But the insurance payout didn’t even begin to cover the costs of buying a new car—I worked out that, with the loan we’d need plus petrol, insurance, parking permits and tax, we would make a payment as much as £600 a month.

And that’s when I had my fancy idea. Why not just give up having a car at all? I live in London. We have a railway station behind our house, a tube station 10 minutes’ walk away, and a bus stop at the end of the street. A new car club had just opened in our area, and one of its shiny little red Peugeots was parked nearby. If any family in Britain could live without a car, I reasoned, then surely we were that family.

But my new car-free idea, sadly, wasn’t shared by my family. My teenage daughters were horrified. What would their friends think about our family being “too poor to afford a car”? (I wasn’t that bothered what they thought, and I suggested the girls should take the same approach.)

My friends, too, were astonished at our plan. What would happen if someone got seriously ill overnight and needed to go to hospital? (an ambulance) How would the children get to and from their many events? (buses and trains) People smiled as though this was another of my mad ideas, before saying they were sure I’d soon realize that a car was a necessity.

Eight months on, I wonder whether we’ll ever own a car again. The idea that you “have to” own a car, especially if you live in a city, is all in the mind. I live—and many other citizens do too—in a place that has never been better served by public transport, and yet car ownership has never been higher. We worry about rising car costs, but we’d be better off asking something much more basic: do I really need a car? Certainly the answer is no, and I’m a lot richer because I dared to ask the question.

1.The author decided to live a car-free life partly because ________.

A. most families chose to go car-free    B. the cost of a new car was too much

C. he was hurt in a terrible car accident    D. the traffic jam was unbearable for him

2.What is the attitude of the author’s family toward his plan?

A. Disapproving.    B. Supportive.

C. Optimistic.    D. Unconcerned.

3.What did the author suggest his daughters do about their friends’ opinion?

A. Argue against it.    B. Take their advice.

C. Leave it alone.    D. Think it over.

4.What conclusion did the author draw after the eight-month car-free life?

A. Life cannot go without a car.

B. Life without a car is a little bit hard.

C. His life gets improved without a car.

D. A car-free life does not suit everyone.

 

It may help you to know that there is no such thing as a perfect speech. As some point in every speech, every speaker says something that is not understood exactly as he has planned. Fortunately, such moments are usually not obvious to the listeners. Why? Because the listeners do not know what the speaker plans to say. They hear only what the speaker does say. If you lose your place for a moment, wrongly change the order of a couple of sentences, or forget to pause at a certain point, no one will be any the wiser. When such moments occur, don’t worry about them. Just continue as if nothing happened.

Even if you do make an obvious mistake during a speech, that don’t really matter. If you have ever listened to Martin Luther King’s famous speech – “ I have a dream”, you may notice that he stumble(结巴)over his words twice during the speech. Most likely, however, you don’t remember. Why? Because you were fixing your attention on its message rather than on his way of speech-making.

People care a lot about making mistakes in a speech because they regard speech-making as a kind of performance rather than as an act of communication. They feel the listeners are like judges in an ice-skating competition. But, in fact, the listeners are not looking for a perfect performer. They are looking for a well-thought-out speech that expresses the speaker’s ideas clearly and directly. Sometimes a mistake or two can actually increase a speaker’s attractiveness by making him more human.

As you work on your speech, don’t worry about being perfect. Once you free your mind of this, you will find it much easier to give your speech freely.

1.The underlined part in the first paragraph means that no one will ________.

A. be smarter than you

B. know what you are talking about

C. do better than you

D. notice your mistakes

2.You don’t remember obvious mistakes in a speech because ________.

A. you find the way of speech-making more important

B. you don’t fully understand the speech

C. you don’t know what the speaker plans to say

D. your attention is on the content

3.From the last two paragraphs, the author means that ________.

A. giving a speech is like giving a performance

B. the listeners should pay more attention to how a speech is made

C. one to two mistakes in a speech may not be bad

D. the more mistakes a speaker makes, the more attractive he will be

4.What would be the best title of the passage?

A. How to Be a Perfect Speaker

B. Don’t Expect a Perfect Speech

C. Don’t Expect Mistakes in a Speech

D. How to Make a Perfect Speech

 

A lady and her husband stepped off the train in Boston. They walked without an appointment into the outer office of Harvard’s president. But they were stopped by his secretary and kept waiting. For hours, the secretary took no notice of them, hoping that the couple would finally become disappointed and go away. But they didn’t. The secretary finally decided to disturb the president, though unwillingly.

A few minutes later, the president walked towards the couple with a cold face. The lady told him, “We had a son that attended Harvard for one year. He loved Harvard. He was happy here. But about a year ago, he was accidentally killed. My husband and I would like to set up a memorial (纪念物) to him, somewhere on campus.”

The president wasn’t moved. Instead, he was shocked. “Madam,” he said, “we can’t put up a statue for every person who studied at Harvard and died. If we did, this people would look like a cemetery (墓地).” “Oh, no,” the lady explained quickly, “We don’t want to put up a statue. We would like to give a building to Harvard. “The president rolled his eyes and glanced at the couple and then exclaimed, “A building! Do you have any idea how much a building costs? We have spent over $ 7,500,000 on the campus building at Harvard.” For a moment the lady was silent. The president was pleased, because he could get rid of them now. Then the lady turned to her husband and said quietly. “Is that all it costs to start a university? Why don’t we just start our own?” Her husband nodded. Since their offer was turned down. Mr, and Mrs Stanford traveled to California where they founded the University that bears their name, a memorial to a son that Harvard no longer cared about.

1.According to the first paragraph, we know that ______.

A. the headmaster knew the couple would come to his office

B. the couple saw the president very smoothly

C. the secretary was willing to help the couple

D. the couple didn’t become disappointed

2.What was the purpose of the couple when they came to see the president?

A. They wanted to tell their son’s story.

B. They loved the school.

C. They wanted to do something to honor his son.

D. They were invited three.

3.After the couple were refused, what did they do?

A. They were very angry.    B. They said nothing.

C. They built a university.    D. They donated over $7,500,000 to the school.

 

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