The white swan(天鹅) is among the most beautiful of birds. 1.. It floats quietly on the water, unable to sing sweet songs like most other birds.

In ancient times, however, people believed that the swan was given a special gift of song at the end of its life.


The story of the swan's last song found a place in the works of other writers, including the early English writers Chaucer and Shakespeare.

3.. At first, swan song meant the last work of a poet, musician or writer. Now, it means the final effort of any person. Someone's swan song usually is also considered that person's finest work.

4.. The expression may be used to describe a politician's last campaign, his final attempt to win the cheers and votes of the people. The last hurrah also can mean the last acts of a politician, before his term in office ends.

Writer Edwin O'Connor made the expression popular in 1956. He wrote a book about the final years in the political life of a long-time mayor of Boston, Massachusetts. 5..

Some language experts say the expression came from a name given to noisy supporters of Andrew Jackson—America's seventh president. They cheered hurrah so loudly for Andy Jackson during his presidential campaign that they became known as the hurrah boys.

A. It is mostly silent through its life.

B. He called his book "The Last Hurrah".

C. It is often a symbol of love in many writers' works.

D. A political expression with a similar meaning is the last hurrah.

E. They believed a swan sings a most beautiful song just before it dies.

F. They believed the story of the swan's last song was lost to the world.

G. The expression swan song has long been a part of the English language.


In London's art gallery six or seven men, mostly in their 30s, are busy painting the walls with new designs in colorful lettering and clever tricks. Tins of spray paint and beer stand on the ground. The atmosphere is not unlike that of a golf course: a mix of concentration and relaxation.

Graffiti(涂鸦) painting is traditionally a daring hobby. Teenagers avoid security guards to put their names on trains and buses. But over the past decade that has almost disappeared from Britain's cities. Between 2007 and 2012 the number of incidents of graffiti recorded by the British Transport Police fell by 63%. A survey by the environment ministry shows that fewer places are damaged by tags(绘名) than ever. Graffiti are increasingly limited to only a few walls. In time the practice may die out entirely.

The most obvious reason for the decline in tagging and train-painting is better policing, says Keegan Webb, who runs The London Vandal, a graffiti blog (博客). Numerous cameras mean it is harder to get away with painting illegally. And punishments are more severe. A generational change is apparent, too. Now teenagers prefer to play with iPads and video games. Those who do get involved tend to prefer street art to graffiti. And the internet helps painters win far more attention by posting pictures online than they can by breaking into a railway yard.

Taggers and graffiti artists mostly grew up in the 1980s and 1990s. Those men are now older and less willing to take risks. "We can't run away from the police any more," says Ben Eine, who turned from tagging to street art. The hip-hop culture that inspired graffiti in the first place has faded. Video games and comic books provide more inspiration than music.

Graffiti may eventually disappear. But for now the hobby is almost respectable. Mr Eine says he has lots of friends who used to paint trains. Now with wives and children, they paint abandoned houses at the weekend. It has become something to do on a Sunday afternoon—a slightly healthier alternative to sitting watching the football.

1.How do the painters feel while painting graffiti according to the first paragraph?

A. Free and focused.    B. Free but stressed.

C. Particular and respected.    D. Nervous but satisfied.

2.Why is graffiti painting traditionally considered as a daring hobby?

A. It takes much hard training.

B. It's at the risk of being caught.

C. It's dangerous to paint in trains.

D. It needs a great deal of knowledge.

3.What does the underlined word “decline” in the third paragraph refer to?

A. Reduction of graffiti.    B. Ban of government.

C. Disappearance of graffiti.    D. Better policing of government.

4.What conclusion can we draw from the fourth paragraph?

A. Graffiti artists like to be the focuses in public.

B. The early graffiti had something to do with music.

C. Graffiti artists regret over what they did in the past.

D. Painting is much healthier than watching football.


Consider the tomato: easy to grow, healthy to eat, tasty in just about any recipe and pleasant to look at. And come late summer, in steady supply. Though you can find it during the coldest winter months, August is the tomato's season to shine. Farmers' markets and grocery stores are bursting with lesser-known but arguably tastier varieties, including purple cherries and big heirlooms.

"Heirlooms ripened on the vine(藤) are the tastiest of all tomatoes," says Amy Goldman Fowler, author of The Heirloom Tomato. "I think their beauty is more than skin-deep." Heirloom seeds have been around for at least 50 years, often passed down from generation to generation. You may hear cherry or heirloom used to describe a tomato at hand, but there are many different kinds of tomatoes, and growers have fun giving catchy names to varieties: Mortgage Lifters, Beefsteaks, Oxhearts, Early Girls.

And all of them come with health benefits. Tomatoes are a good source of the antioxidant lycopene (抗氧化番茄红素), which is thought to help lower a person's risk for heart problems and cancer. Tomatoes also contain healthy vitamins(维生素) A and C. For the best fruit (they're fruits, not vegetables), choose tomatoes with shiny, firm skin and a little give, and store them at room temperature away from direct sunlight. Keep them out of the fridge, since cold temperatures can affect the original taste.

"They satisfy something more than just taste," says Fowler. "Tomatoes feed your soul."

1.In which season do tomatoes sell best?

A. Spring.    B. Summer.

C. Autumn.    D. Winter.

2.What can you learn from the passage?

A. Tomatoes are healthy vegetables.

B. Direct sunlight helps to store tomatoes.

C. Tomatoes go bad more quickly in the fridge.

D. Heirlooms are tastier than the other tomatoes.

3.Why do tomatoes benefit people?

A. They can produce antioxidant lycopene.

B. They may prevent some diseases.

C. They can be used as medicine.

D. They may make people's skin shiny.


In the town of Whitesburg, Kentucky, Mick Polly is known as the bike man. Over the past five years, Mick has built hundreds of bicycles for needy kids.

One day in 2011, a 13-year-old boy with a broken bike walked by Mick's house. "I was working in my garage, and he asked if I could fix it." says Mick, now 53. The boy left his bike with Mick, who asked friends on Facebook if they had the missing part. The town's former police chief saw the post and donated two used bicycles. Mick took parts from each to engineer a new set of wheels for the boy.

Soon after, Mick repaired a bike for the boy's brother and assembled one for his sister. Word spread, and within the year, he had fixed up dozens of bikes for local kids whose parents couldn't afford to buy new ones.

"The people in this town don't have much, but they'll do anything for the children." says Mick Polly. He stores the bikes and bike parts in his garage. "I take off the good tires or the handlebars or the seat and use them."

To date, the bike man has repaired hundreds of cycles and given away nearly 700 newly constructed bikes. They're free, but the kids must agree to two things: They've got to "mind whoever's raising them." and they've got to try in school.

If a kid's grades are low, Mick requires a teacher's note "saying that you're doing your best." Mick says.

Mick also hopes the bikes will get kids off the couch(沙发). "When I was growing up, we all rode our bikes," he says. "Hopefully these kids can get some exercise."

1.How did Mick build his bikes?

A. With the designs from Facebook.

B. With the parts bought from others.

C. With the broken parts collected from other garages.

D. With the good parts of the used bikes donated by others.

2.Which of the following can replace the underlined word "assembled" in the Paragraph 4?

A. Built.    B. Sold.

C. Donated.    D. Stored.

3.Which of the following can describe Mick Polly best?

A. Skillful.    B. Popular.

C. Caring    D. Enthusiastic.




1.    词数100左右;

2.    可以适当增加细节,以使行文连贯;

3.    开头和结尾已给出,不计入总词数;

4.    参考词汇:雾霾smog

Dear David,

I’m glad to receive your letter._________________________________________________________________








Li Hua








I as well as my family are going to New York City this weekend. I had been looking forward to go there for a long time. It is one of the modernist city in the world. There have also a lot of museums where you can learn something you can’t learn it in school. I’d also like to see the Statue of Liberty and the Empire State Building. Unfortunately, the twin towers destroyed on September 11th, 2001 and I would have the chance to see them by myself. Now I am getting ready for the excited trip. I bet it will be a unforgettable experience.



China’s Spring Festival, a1.(celebrate) of the lunar year, starts on the 23rd day of the 12th month of the Lunar calendar and finishes on the 15th day of the first month. Lunar New Year’s Eve and the first day of the New Year are its high point. China’s2.(grand) and most important holiday, the Spring Festival has been celebrated in diverse ways throughout the county.

Among the various stores about the origins of the Spring Festival, the one most commonly3.

(accept) tells of how Emperor Shun, legendary leader of ancient China, created it more than 4,000 years ago. On the day he4.(succeed) to the throne(王位)and worshiped heaven and earth. Since then people5.(consider)that occasion as the first day of the New Year and as how the Chinese lunar New Year came into being.

Winter is the relaxed season in China, historically6.agricultural country. Having labored for a whole year, people take a rest at this time7.(prepare)for the coming year. The coming New Year also signals the approach of spring,8.grass and tree leaves start to produce new shoots. The sacrifices that people offer9.gods and ancestors are prayers for favorable weather, peace, and large harvests, and give Spring Festival10.(joy).


The Two-Dollar Bill

Returning from a trip to Washington D. C., I arrived in Anchorage at about 2: 00 A. M. At 9: 00 A.M., I was_______to talk at local high school to students in a _______designed to educate the troubled kids in school.

The school is well_______because most of the kids are troublemakers who become involved with the law. I found it very_______to deliver a speech to the multi-cultural_______and talk about things that could stimulate them for their_______. I wasn’t making any headway _______I started talking about what I do so well, helping people with money.

I_______a stack() of $2 bills and started giving them out. The kids started to_______because it was free money. The________thing I asked them was to spend it on________people. Some of them asked me for my signature. I think I________some of them with my honesty. I started________a copy of the book I had written for the dollar bills. Then I told them that my grandfather’s care had always________me to go forward.________I closed with telling them no matter what happens, someone out there________cares about them and is pulling for their ________.

This is not the________of the story. When I left the classroom, I told them to call me________they ever had problems.

Three days later, I received a thank-you letter with a new $2 bill in it________by a girl who heard my talk.

1.A. permitted    B. recommended    C. scheduled    D. persuaded

2.A. program    B. report    C. performance    D. situation

3.A. praised    B. known    C. trained    D. secured

4.A. comfortable    B. challenging    C. unforgettable    D. impressive

5.A. races    B. group    C. girls    D. players

6.A. future    B. lessons    C. families    D. cities

7.A. before    B. unless    C. until    D. because

8.A. took out    B. picked up    C. put away    D. found out

9.A. stand up    B. rush out    C. line up    D. wake up

10.A. happy    B. only    C. sad    D. exciting

11.A. all    B. other    C. any    D. some

12.A. recognized    B. shook    C. excited    D. touched

13.A. paying    B. changing    C. exchanging    D. taking

14.A. begged    B. motivated    C. allowed    D. forbade

15.A. Finally    B. Therefore    C. Suddenly    D. Surprisingly

16.A. normally    B. immediately    C. really    D. quickly

17.A. jobs    B. success    C. comfort    D. desire

18.A. symbol    B. value    C. theme    D. end

19.A. if    B. wherever    C. though    D. since

20.A. struck    B. guaranteed    C. addressed    D. promised


Do you still remember the haze(雾霾)in the winter? So many people got terribly ill during or after the haze. 1.Here is advice for you to protect yourself in hazy weather.

Spend less time outdoors.This is the most effective way for self-protection in such bad weather.With PM2.5 increasing 103mg per cubic meter,residents will risk a 2.29% increase of death,which experts found out in 2012.If you have to get out,avoid riding bicycles.2.

Close your windows.Experts advice residents to avoid opening windows at home.If you have to ,avoid the time when smog is at its densest(浓的).3.Besides,you can keep plants with broad leaves at home to absorb dust,and use air purifiers(清洁器).

Smoke less.4.In hazy weather,smoking would be even more harmful.Smokers are advised to keep their distance from cigarettes before the weather gets better.

5.For example ,wear special masks outside to avoid breathing in PM2.5.Then take off your coat after getting indoors and keep it away from your other clean clothes,Don’t forget to wash your face,rinse(漱)your mouth,and clean your nasal cavity(鼻腔)to clean the particulate matters(颗粒物)that fall on you.Last but not least,keep off stimulating(刺激性)foods.

A.Wear masks.

B.Pay attention to other daily things.

C.Also avoid rush hours,when pollutants will be denser.

D.That’s because haze does harm to the health of people.

E.Cigarettes could cause more particulate matters,which are included in PM2.5 .

F.Take more fruits and vegetables instead,which are good for lung,spleen(脾)and kidney(肾).

G.For residents who use air-conditioner,make sure your apartment has enough oxygen indoors.


Pigeons may only have a brain the size of a thimble (顶针), but it appears that pigeons can categorize and name objects in the same way human children learn new words.

A new study from the University of Iowa has shown that the birds are capable of learning to categorize 128 different photographs into 16 basic categories.

Scientists taught three pigeons to sort out different kinds of dogs or types of shoes, for example by using a particular symbol in exchange for a reward. When they were shown black and white pictures of previously unseen dogs or shoes, the birds were able to correctly match these with the corresponding symbols.

The scientists behind the project say this is a similar approach taken by young children when they are first learning words for objects. However, the researchers said it look their birds around 40 days to perfect the task of learning just 16 categories.

Professor Edward Wasserman, who led the work, said: “Our birds’ rate of learning appears to have been quite slow. Would children learn faster than pigeons? Almost certainly. However, our pigeons came to the experiment with no background knowledge at all. Thus, the more relevant comparison group may be newborn babies, who indeed take 6-9 months to learn their first words.”

Writing in the journal Cognition, the researchers said their experiment was a very simple mirror of the way children are taught words — by their parents pointing to pictures and asking them to name the object.

Pigeons are known to be smarter than many birds. Professor Bob McMurray, who also took part in the study, said the results showed that human learning is not as unique as was previously believed.

He said: “Children are facing a huge task of learning thousands of words without a lot of background knowledge to go on. For a long time, people thought that such learning is special to humans. What this research shows is that the ways in which children solve this huge problem may be shared with many species.

1.What’s the main idea of this passage?

A. Pigeons and young children take a similar approach to learn words.

B. Pigeons are known to be smarter than newborn babies.

C. Pigeons recognize objects in the same way children learn words.

D. Pigeons are unique as they can learn like humans.

2.Why does the writer think newborn babies are the more relevant comparison group?

A. They don’t have any background knowledge.

B. They learn relatively slow.

C. Pigeons and newborn babies learn at a similar speed.

D. Young children are smarter.

3.From the passage, we can learn that ________.

A. learning without background knowledge is unique to humans

B. many species may be able to learn without background knowledge

C. pigeons are able to solve many huge problems

D. pigeons are known to be the smartest birds

4.The passage is intended to ________.

A. introduce pigeons    B. prove a fact

C. support an opinion    D. report a study


Imagine you’ve finally landed a job of your dreams in another city. It’s everything you’d hoped for, but there’s only one problem — housing costs in the area are so high that you’re forced to live in a parking lot.

While this sounds like an impossible situation, this predicament is a reality for one man.

Brandon, 25, is a software engineer for Google at its San Francisco, California campus.

“I realized I was paying too large an amount of money for the apartment I was staying in, and I was almost never home,” he told Business Insider. “It’s really hard to justify throwing that money away. You’re not putting money into anything and you are not building it up for a future.”

Since scoring his job in May 2015 following a successful internship, he’s been living in a truck on a parking lot a short distance from his workplace.

The tech worker makes up for the lack of facilities by eating, using the bathroom and showering at work, also charging his phone and computer there.

San Francisco is home to the most expensive rental market in the US, with the average rental for a one-bedroom apartment coming to $3,590 (24,900 yuan) a month, according to property site Zumper.

And while some may not be able to handle giving up life’s luxuries just to put aside some cash, Brandon estimates that he’s saved almost $28,000 since he moved in just over 18 months ago.

“Not only do I get to invest all of that redirected rent money, but I get to invest all the money I’m not spending on furniture, facilities and buying food,” Brandon wrote on his blog.

1.Which of the following can replace the underlined word “predicament” in Paragraph 2

A. possibility    B. disappointment    C. dilemma    D. mess

2.Why does Brandon prefer to live in a truck on a parking lot?

A. Because he has no time to go back to an apartment.

B. Because the rent is too high and he thinks it isn’t worthwhile

C. Because his workplace provides him with what he needs

D. Because he wants to save money for an apartment of his own.

3.What does Brandon think of his choice?

A. Difficult.    B. Embarrassing.    C. Painful.    D. Wise.


When I was a freshman, on Christmas break I went home and looked through the bags of clothes Mom intended to give away. I took a baggy red shirt, for I needed something to wear in art class. Mom was surprised. She wore that when she was pregnant with my younger brother.

The red shirt became a part of my college wardrobe. After graduation, I wore the shirt the day I moved into my new apartment and on Saturday morning when I cleaned. When I became pregnant, I wore the red shirt during big-belly days. I missed Mom and the rest of my family. But that shirt helped. I smiled, remembering that Mother had worn it when she was pregnant, 15 years earlier. That Christmas, thinking of the warm feelings the shirt had given me, I wrapped it in holiday paper and sent it to Mom. When Mom wrote to thank me for her “real” gift, she said the red shirt was lovely. She never mentioned it again. The next year, when my husband and I moved the kitchen table, I noticed something red taped to its bottom. It was the shirt! And so the pattern was set.

On our next visit home, I secretly placed the shirt under Mom and Dad’s mattress. Two years passed before I discovered it under the base of our living-room floor lamp. The red shirt was just what I needed now while refinishing furniture. The walnut stains added character.

Years later, my husband and I divorced. With my three children, I prepared to move back to Illinois, depressed. Suddenly I saw the stained red shirt. I smiled. After unpacking in our new home I visited her, and I hid it in her bottom dresser drawer. Meanwhile, I found a good job at a radio station. A year later I discovered the red shirt hidden in a rag bag in my cleaning closet. The shirt was Mother’s final gift. Mother died three months later.

I was tempted to send the red shirt, faded but in decent shape, with her to her grave. But I’m glad I didn’t, my older daughter is in college now, majoring in art. And every art student needs a baggy red shirt to wear to art class.

1.Where did the author get the shirt for the first time?

A. In art class in college.    B. In unwanted bags of clothes.

C. In her college wardrobe.    D. In the kitchen.

2.How did the shirt help the author?

A. The shirt relieved homesickness from the author.

B. The shirt made her find a good job at a radio station.

C. The shirt was the only clothes that the author had for art class.

D. The shirt was the cheapest gift to give to her Mom tor Christmas.

3.What does the underlined phrase “the pattern” refer to in the text?

A. Visiting the parents regularly.

B. Moving the kitchen table regularly.

C. Secretly giving and receiving the shirt.

D. Often tapping something to the bottom of the table.

4.What is the important reason for the author’s valuing the shirt so much?

A. That her daughter needs it in art class.

B. That it is from her dead Mom.

C. That it is still in decent shape though faded.

D. That it symbolizes mother’s love.


Here is a list of some of the best museums for children in America.

Please Touch Children’s Museum

This museum lies in Philadelphia. It offers Alice in Wonderland exhibits where young children can play with giant flowers and have tea parties. Kids can also play on musical instruments and babies can crawl on lily pads, which make musical sounds.

The Children’s Museum of Indianapolis

This museum lies in Indiana. It holds a fair share of dinosaur fossils (化石). There are many fossils like the T. Rex, Bucky and many others in an 8,000-square-foot area. Around 10,000 man-made objects, including a 55-ton steam engine and a 33-foot tall water clock, are there in the 365,000-square-foot area. It also offers activities like dinosaur building, camps and classes featuring space themes and other educational programs.

Boston Children’s Museum

This museum lies in Massachusetts. The exhibits here are of health, art, science, culture and environment. In this museum, children also learn about Japanese culture. Activities like Play Lab, New Balance Climb and The Recycle Shop bring out the creativity in children.

National Museum of Play

This museum, which lies in Rochester area of New York, has a wide collection of dolls, games, toys and other home crafts dating back to the 19th century. Here, educational tours include stories of machines and other toys. Kids can walk in Sesame Street exhibit and cook food at play or TV studios.

Children’s Museum of Houston

This museum lies in Texas. Termed as the best playground for mind, this museum offers scores of activities for kids of every age. It even offers free family adventure events where families with their kids are encouraged to work on math activities and games. Children also learn about broadcasting activities and preserving ecosystems.

1.One who has interest in environmental protection can choose to visit “________”.

A. National Museum of Play or Children’s Museum of Houston

B. Boston Children’s Museum or Children’s Museum of Houston

C. Please Touch Children’s Museum or Boston Children’s Museum

D. The Children’s Museum of Indianapolis or National Museum of Play

2.While visiting National Museum of Play, you can take part in ________.

A. dinosaur building    B. New Balance Climb

C. playing with giant flowers    D. cooking food at play or TV studios

3.If a couple with kids of different ages want to do activities together, they should go to ________.

A. Texas    B. Indiana

C. New York    D. Massachusetts

4.Who might be most interested in this passage?

A. Parents.    B. Students.

C. Teachers.    D. Researchers.



1.幸运的是,炸弹在爆炸之前被警察发现。(go off)

2.汤姆去年开始学画画,但很快失去了兴趣。(take up)



5.据说有五百人参加了这次会议。(be said)




contribution        stress          carry          lose           complain

include            marry         survive        injure           serve


1.The government aims to improve public _______, especially education.

2.We do have some difficulty in _______ out the plan.

3.Have you reported the _______ of your wallet to the police?

4.The writer personally _______ £4,000 to the earthquake fund.

5.Usually we've got three days' holiday at the beginning of the year, _______ New Year's Day.

6.They are getting _______ on Christmas Day and all of us are going to attend their wedding ceremony.

7.This man was one of the _______ from the earthquake.

8.Webster has not played since he suffered a hamstring (肌腱) _______ in the opening game.

9.Why don't you make a _______ against your noisy neighbors?

10.According to one small study, being around your best friend during tough times can help alleviate(缓解) _______ emotions.


1. One of the best things you can possibly do is to start you own club. It’s great fun especially if you are the sort of person who feels there’s never anything to do during the school holidays.

The first thing you need to come up with is an idea for your club.2. Pets, clothes, pop music or dancing groups, sports, making things? The list is endless.

Next you need some friends to be in your club with you3. All you need is three or four other people who are interested in the same thing as you.

4. You should all sit down somewhere together with lots of pieces of paper and write down every name you can think up  That’ll keep you busy for ages.

    At your first meeting you should make up a rule book. And the first rule should be no grown-ups or little/big brothers or sisters! The best clubs are always secret!

Now you have just about everything you need, except membership cards. These are very important and again you can spend a lot of time making them.5. Why not leave some space for a photo of yourself? That will make the membership card really look like it.

So there you are, get clubbing! Once you get started you’ll think of loads of more interesting things to do!

A. That’s easy.

B. Enjoy your own club!

C. Invite a designer to join you.

D. What are you interest in?

E. Some vacation is just around the corner.

F. Then you need to pick a name for your club.

G. Use a bright thick pen to make a special design.


Have you felt annoyed when a cell phone rings during the class? Something must be done to stop this. Now in New York City, USA, a rule is carried out in schools. Students can't even bring cell phones to school. Is it a good thing or not?

Anxious parents say that cell phones are an important tool in holding New York City's families together.

"I worry about it." said Elizabeth Lorris Ritter, a mother of a middle school kid. "It's necessary in our everyday life. We have a washing machine. We have running water, and we have cell phones."

Many American parents think cell phones connect them to their children on buses, getting out from subways, walking through unknown places.

"I have her call me when she gets out of school," said Lindsay Walt, a schoolgirl's mother. "No one in New York is going to let their child go to school without a cell phone."

What about the cell phone owners, the students? Most of the students said cell phones were essential and the cell phone was like an extra hand or foot for them.

"I feel so empty," said May Chom, 14. There is also no way to listen to music on the way to school without my phone. It will be a really, really boring trip."

1.Which of the following statements is TRUE?

A. Many American parents don't think cell phones are necessary for the students.

B. Cell phones only bring troubles to the school life.

C. Cell phones connect children with their families when they are outside.

D. People cannot live without cell phones.

2.What does the underlined word "essential" mean in Chinese?

A. 时髦的    B. 必要的

C. 昂贵的    D. 受欢迎的

3.This article is about the ______ in carrying out the rule not to use a cell phone in school.

A. happiness    B. interest

C. problem    D. advantage


Throw out the bottles and boxes of drugs in your house. A new theory suggests that medicine could be bad for your health. This new theory argues that healing (the process of becoming healthy and strong again) is at our fingertips: we can be healthy by doing Reiki on a regular basis.

Supporters of medical treatment argue that medicine should be trusted since it is effective and scientifically proven. They say that there is no need for spiritual methods such as Reiki, Yoga, Tai Chi. These waste our time, something that is quite precious in our material world. There is medicine that can kill our pain and x-rays that show us our broken bones. We must admit that these methods are very effective in the examples that they provide. However, there are some "everyday complaints" such as back pains, headaches, which are treated currently with medicine. When you have a headache, you take an Aspirin; when you cannot sleep, you take Xanax without thinking of the side effects of these. When you use these pills for a long period, you become dependent on them; you cannot sleep without them. We pay huge amounts of money but never get better. How about a safer and more economical way of healing? When doing Reiki to yourself, you do not need anything except your energy so it is very economical. Also, there are no side effects and it is scientifically explained.

They also claim that serious illnesses such as HIV/AIDS and cancer cannot be treated without drugs. They think so because these patients spend the rest of their lives in the hospital taking medicine. How can Reiki make these people healthy again? It is very unfortunate that these patients have to live in the hospital losing their hair and weight because of the side effects of the medicine they take. Actually, instead of drugs which are expensive and have many side effects, you can use your energy to overcome the hardships of life, find an emotional balance, leave the stress of everyday life and let go of the everyday worries.

Some people may still hold that in our material world, everything depends on time. How would it be possible to find time to do Reiki? In fact, Reiki does not require more than 15 minutes of our time. It is less time consuming than medicine if we think of all the time we spend taking medicine for some complaints and taking some more for the side effects as well.

1.The author's attitude towards Reiki is ______.

A. disinterested    B. serious

C. positive    D. doubtful

2.According to the passage, which of the statements is correct?

A. Reiki will soon become the most popular exercise around the world.

B. Reiki is an effective treatment but not scientifically explained.

C. Reiki can make people less dependent on drugs.

D. Reiki is a kind of cheap drug but works well.

3.Which of the following would be the best title for the passage?

A. A New Way of Treating Illness

B. Health and Healing at Your Fingers

C. The Advantages and Disadvantages of Reiki

D. The Advantages and Disadvantages of Medicine


Think of life as a game in which you are playing with five balls in the air. You name them work, family, health, friends and spirit and you keep all of them in the air. You will soon understand that work is a rubber ball. If you drop it, it will bounce(弹跳) back.

But the other four balls, family, health, friends and spirit, are made of glass. If you drop one of these, they will be broken. They will never be the same. You must understand that and try to have balance in your life. How?

Don't look down on your worth by comparing yourself with others. It is because we are different and each of us is special.

Don't let other people set goals for you. Only you know what is best for yourself.

Don't give up when you still have something to give. Nothing is really over until the moment you stop trying.

Don't be afraid of difficulties. It is by taking chances that we learn how to be brave.

Don't shut love out of your life by saying it's impossible. The quickest way to receive love is to give it; the fastest way to lose love is to hold it too tightly; the best way to keep love is to give it wings.

Don't run through life so fast that you forget not only where you've been, but also where you are going.

Don't be afraid to learn. Knowledge is a treasure you can always carry easily.

Don't use time or words carelessly. You can't get them back. Yesterday is history, tomorrow is a mystery(秘密), and today is a gift; that's why we call it "the present". Life is not a competition, but a trip, step by step.

1.The sentence "Nothing is really over until the moment you stop trying." means "_______."

A. Nothing is possible

B. If we don't give up, there is always hope

C. You should learn to give up

D. Although you try, nothing will change

2.If you run through life so fast, you will _______.

A. lose your own treasure that you can always carry easily

B. lose love by holding it too tightly

C. forget not only where you've been, but also where you are going

D. not be afraid of the difficulties

3.According to the passage, which is the best title?

A. Nothing Is Impossible    B. Glass Balls Are Easy to Be Broken

C. Things You Can't Do    D. Treat Your Life in a Right Way


Singapore's public transport system is one of the best in the world, so you should have no problem finding your way around like a local. There are three main forms of public transport that you would find in any other major city-trains, buses and taxis.


Trains run from 6:00 am to midnight. Single trip tickets start at 80 cents. If you buy an EZ-Link card for $15, you can ride the trains and buses as you like.

If you need more information, just call Transit Link on 1800 767 4333.


There are several bus services in Singapore and fares start at 80 cents. Be sure always ask the driver the cost of your ticket as he cannot give change.

If you need help, just call Transit Link on 1800 767 4333.


There are three main taxi companies-City Cab (6552 2222), Comfort (6552 1111) and Tibs (6552 8888). Booking can also be easy by calling the numbers listed above.


Driving in Singapore is a pleasure and if you like to travel at your own pace, renting a car is a good choice. Renting takes away the hassle of getting to places around Singapore. Just sit back and enjoy the city. It also means you'll get to see a lot more that a trains or a bus won't let you see.

For car rental, call Avis on +65 6737 1668.

1.By an EZ-Link card, you can take ______.

A. both buses and trains    B. only trains

C. both buses and taxis    D. only rental cars

2.What does the word "hassle" mean in Chinese?

A. 麻烦    B. 乐趣

C. 景点    D. 费用

3.What do you know about traveling in Singapore from the passage?

A. A local has no trouble finding his way around.

B. It's much cheaper to go around by bus than by train.

C. You can see a lot more in Singapore only by renting a car.

D. It's very convenient for visitors to travel in Singapore.


It was 3:21 a.m. when nine-year-old Glenn Kreamer awoke to the smell of burning. Except for the cracking(爆烈声) of flames somewhere below there was not a sound in the two-storey house at Baldwin Long Island.

With his father away on night duty at a local factory, Glenn was worried about the safety of his mother, his sister Karen, 14 and his 12-year-old brother Todd. He ran downstairs through the smoke-filled house to push and pull at Karen and Todd until they sat up. Then he helped each one through the house to the safety of the garden. There, his sister and brother, taking short and quick breaths and coughing, fell down onto the lawn.

The nine-year-old boy raced back into the house and upstairs to his mother's room. He found it impossible to wake her up. Mrs. Kreamer, a victim of the smoke, was unconscious(昏厥的), and there was nobody to help Glenn carry her to the garden. But the boy remained calm and, as a fireman said later, "acted with all the self-control of a trained adult."

On the bedroom telephone, luckily still working, Glenn called his father and, leaving Mr. Kreamer to telephone the fire brigade and ambulance service, got on with the task of saving his mother.

First he filled a bucket with water from the bathroom and threw water over his mother and her bed. Then, with a wet cloth around his head he went back to the garden.

He could hear the fire engine coming up, but how would the firemen find his mother in the smoke-filled house where flames had almost swallowed up the ground floor?

Grasping firmly a ball of string(线) from the garage, Glenn raced back into the house and dashed upstairs to his mother's room. Tying one end of the string to her hand, he ran back, laying out the string as he went, through the hall and back out into the garden.

Minutes later he was telling fire chief John Coughlan, "The string will lead you to mother." Mrs. Kreamer was carried to safety as the flames were breaking through her bedroom floor.

1.Why did Glenn run downstairs first?

A. He wanted to find out what was happening.

B. He was worried about his mother's safety.

C. He wanted to save his sister and brother.

D. He went to see if his father had come back from work.

2.Who called the fire brigade and ambulance service?

A. Glenn.    B. Glenn's father.

C. Glenn's sister.    D. Glenn's neighbor.

3.Glenn saved his family because _______.

A. his father had taught him to do so on the phone

B. he had learned something about first aid

C. he had dealt with the emergency(突发事件) calmly and wisely

D. he had followed his mother's instructions


I was 17 when I walked into Carley's bookstore in Ashland. As I was looking at_______on the shelves, the shop owner asked if I'd like_______. I needed to start________for college, so I said yes. I worked after school, and the job helped________my yearly tuition. I would work many other jobs: making coffee in the Students Union; a hotel maid and______ making maps for a company. But selling books was one of the most_______.

One day a woman asked me for books on cancer. She seemed fearful. I showed her almost everything_______ and found other books we could order. She left the store less______. I've always remembered the________I felt in having helped her.

Years later, as a _______in Los Angles, I heard about an immigrant child born ______his fingers connected. His family couldn't afford a corrective operation, and the boy lived in ______, hiding his hand in his pocket.

I_______ my boss to let me do the story. After the story was broadcast, a doctor and a nurse called, offering to perform the_______ for free.

I visited the boy soon after the operation. The first thing he did was to hold up his _______hand and said, "Thank you." I felt a sense of_______

In the past, while I was_______, I always sensed I was working for the customers, not the store. Today it's the________ Fox pays my salary,________I feel as if I work for the_______, helping them make sense of the world.

1.A. maps    B. articles    C. reports    D. titles

2.A. a book    B. some tea    C. a job    D. any help

3.A. planning    B. saving    C. preparing    D. studying

4.A. pay for    B. fit for    C. run for    D. enter for

5.A. so    B. yet    C. even    D. still

6.A. boring    B. satisfying    C. surprising    D. disappointing

7.A. in need    B. in all    C. in order    D. in store

8.A. worried    B. satisfied    C. interested    D. puzzled

9.A. surprise    B. failure    C. regret    D. pride

10.A. doctor    B. TV reporter    C. bookseller    D. store owner

11.A. with    B. in    C. by    D. for

12.A. horror    B. honor    C. shame    D. danger

13.A. advised    B. persuaded    C. forced    D. permitted

14.A. action    B. program    C. treatment    D. operation

15.A. repaired    B. connected    C. injured    D. improved

16.A. humor           B. interest    C. pleasure    D. excitement

17.A. at the TV station    B. in the Students Union    C. at the US Forest Service    D. at Carley's bookstore

18.A. opposite    B. same    C. different    D. right

19.A. so    B. and    C. but    D. because

20.A. viewers    B. readers    C. customers    D. passengers


______Christmas coming near, they began to be busy shopping for the holiday.

A. As                      B. Before

C. Because of    D. With


The old woman's ring went ______ on her way to the station.

A. loss    B. lose

C. missed    D. missing


The doctor had almost lost hope at one point, but the patient finally ______.

A. pulled out    B. pulled through

C. pulled up    D. pulled over


If the traffic is good, I can make it to the school to ______ the child.

A. pick    B. gather

C. collect    D. take


Helen ______ her keys in the office so she had to wait until her husband ______ home.

A. has left; comes    B. left; had come

C. had left; came    D. had left; would come


—I am really struck by your spoken English. You speak so fluently. Have you been abroad?

—Yes. I ______ in London for two years.

A. have stayed    B. stayed

C. had stayed    D. have been staying


Mrs. Green will not be able to come for dinner tonight because ______ then.

A. she had a lecture    B. she will be having a lecture

C. she has a lecture    D. she is having a lecture


—How is your plan getting along?

—I can't ______ alone any longer. Someone must help me.

A. carry out    B. carry on

C. carry about    D. carry back


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