Australian English differs ________ pronunciation ________ British and American English.

A. in; fromB. from; inC. in; betweenD. from; between

 

You can’t imagine what great difficulty we have ever had ________ with the problems.

A. doneB. doingC. for doingD. to do

 

The headmaster suggested the students ________ to at the meeting ________ a prize.

A. referred; gave

B. referring; giving

C. referring; to be given

D. referred; be given

 

When ________ with the United States, China has too much population.

A. comparedB. comparingC. to compareD. having compared

 

A man is being questioned in relation to the ________ murder last night.

A. advisedB. attendedC. attemptedD. admitted

 

The engine of the ship was out of order and the bad weather ________ the helplessness of the crew.

A. added toB. resulted fromC. turned outD. made up

 

高三年级是高中生活的最后一年,这一年中,学生们面临着沉重的升学压力。因此,很多学生课间也坐在教室里用功,但学习效率和成绩并不理想。由此你想告诉他们:适当的休息很有必要。现在就请你以“A Ten-minute Break”为题,按下列要点写一篇短文,让这些同学从中有所启发。要点如下:

1.十分钟的课间休息很有必要。

2.要注意适当的休息方式。

3.你是怎样利用这十分钟的。

注意:①开头已经给出,不计入总词数;②词数100左右。

A Ten-minute Break

As a Senior Three student, time seems much limited._______________________

____________________________________________________________________________________________

____________________________________________________________________________________________

_______________________

 

假定英语课上老师要求同桌之间交换修改作文,请你修改你同桌写的以下作文。文中共有10处语言错误,每句中最多有两处。每处错误仅涉及一个单词的增加、删除或修改。

增加:在缺词处加一个漏字符号(),并在其下面写出该加的词

删除:把多余的词用斜线(\)划掉。

修改:在错的词下画一横线,并在该词下面写出修改后的词。

    注意:1. 每处错误及其修改均仅限一词;

2. 只允许修改10处,多者(从第11处起)不计分。

The earthquake affects the students of the destroying areas in many ways. How can we help them? One expert says the child will have feelings of fear, angry and feel they are not safe after the quake. They will find it hardly to focus. They will tend to cry and shout and tremble. And they might be afraid to be alone.The teenagers will find it difficult to live in a balance way. If things get worse they might not be able to focus to their studies. He also say we can do something to help the children. The first thing is that to build up trust with them, and be their friend. Then you have to give them sense of safety. Thirdly, try to satisfy their psychological needs. Be a good listener whether he or she needs to talk.

 

Zoos are places 1.  animals are kept. There are some reasons   2. keeping animals in zoos.

    Firstly, zoos are entertaining and interesting places of children. Most children like to see animals in zoos. Zoos also offer people   3.  (live) in big cities a chance of getting close to nature.

    Secondly, it is easier for scientists to research animals lives when they are kept in zoos than they are in forests. Scientists can study animals   4.  (relate), their life cycles, or their habits to learn how to breed animals, 5.  can reduce animal 6.  (extinct).

    Furthermore, the risk of dying out of some 7.  (endanger) animals is reduced because they are kept in safety.

  8.  , zoos also cause some problems for animals, such as restrictions on their freedom. They also lose their wild character. For example, tigers might lose their   9.  (hunt) skills. Besides, zoos cost a lot of money for land, animals food and labors. This may charge   10. (expense) for people who want to visit zoos.

 

In a national spelling contest in America, an 11–year–old girl was asked to spell a certain word. But with her    voice the judges were not sure if she spelled the word with the letter A or E. They talked it over and     decided to simply ask her what she had said. By now, the girl knew she had     the word. But instead of lying, she told the truth that she had said the     letter so she lost the contest.

As the girl walked off the     , the entire audience stood to their feet clapping to applaud her     . Later, dozens of newspaper reporters wrote about this 11– year–old girl’s honesty, even when it    her the contest. But the fact is that she    the biggest contest that day: the contest of her     .

Probably the biggest test of our character and honesty is what we would do if we knew we would never get     . This young girl could easily have     and nobody would have known it but herself. But that’s just it: She would know she did wrong. It’s been said, “If you    , you make yourself cheap.” This young girl was strong and smart enough to prize her own    and character more than the prize from a spelling     . Her respect for herself was more important than any     others might give her for winning a contest. She knew she would have to live with herself and the    she made in that moment will have long–lasting influence.

It’s so true that the choices you make today    what you are tomorrow. Our children will     our behavior much more than our advice. So if we want them to   to be honest, we must show them the way by being honest ourselves. Remember, our kids are     what we do and how we live even when we don’t think they see or know.

1.A. highB. sweetC. toughD. soft

2.A. finallyB. kindlyC. secretlyD. totally

3.A. forgottenB. mispronouncedC. misspelledD. lost

4.A. correctB. wrongC. differentD. same

5.A. stageB. studioC. testD. classroom

6.A. braveryB. honestyC. courageD. cleverness

7.A. cancelledB. costC. offeredD. wasted

8.A. achievedB. brokeC. wonD. defeated

9.A. reputationB. knowledgeC. lifeD. character

10.A. paidB. awardedC. caughtD. reported

11.A. escapedB. liedC. changedD. answered

12.A. acceptB. fightC. cheatD. insist

13.A. conscienceB. feelingC. diligenceD. modesty

14.A. contestB. championC. judgerD. expert

15.A. senseB. prideC. respectD. awareness

16.A. planB. conclusionC. discoveryD. choice

17.A. makeB. changeC. keepD. create

18.A. giveB. takeC. followD. set

19.A. grow upB. bring upC. take upD. come up

20.A. recordingB. inspectingC. correctingD. watching

 

根据短文内容,从短文后的选项中选出能填入空白处的最佳选项。选项中有两项为多余选项。

When a New Yorker was hiking in Europe, his Swiss friend kept saying “Listen to that! but he didnt hear anything. His ears were accustomed to loud city noises and it was days before he was able to notice the sound of a bird.     1.    . There is background music in restaurants, bars, stores, rest rooms, elevators, and when you are waiting on the telephone. Russell Baker blames societys determination to entertain you whether you like it or not.

     2.   , but in practice they avoid it. They drive with the car radio turned up, switch on the television when they get home, and exercise while listening to music on headphones.    3.    They can buy things in stores, but they do not have enough human contact. So they fill their lives with sound.

    4.   . Young men play their car stereos loudly in order to create a personal environment around them. Like animals, they are marking a territory to warn rivals away and to attract a mate.

It may also be true that the brain itself wants excitement just as the stomach insists on food.      5.    . This seems extreme. Perhaps we would be better off if we sought periods of silence to provide balance.

A. Sometimes the reason for the noise is primitive

B. The noise suggests that people have a spiritual problem

C. They spend too much time in elevators and the like

D. Unlike in the past, we now have modern technology to supply a constant flood of sounds

E. For most of us, silence has become a rare experience

F. A good response would be to use our brains to improve modern technology

G. People may say they yearn for quiet

 

The concept of culture has been defined many times, and although no definition has achieved universal acceptance, most of the definitions include three central ideas: that culture is passed on from generation to generation, that a culture represents a ready-made principle for living and for making day-to-day decisions, and, finally, that the components of a culture are accepted by those in the culture as good, and true, and not to be questioned. The eminent anthropologist George Murdock has listed seventy-three items that characterize every known culture, past and present.

The list begins with Age-grading and Athletic sports, runs to Weaning and Weather Control, and includes on the way such items as Calendar, Fire making, Property Rights, and Tool making. I would submit that even the most extreme advocate of a culture of poverty viewpoint would readily acknowledge that, with respect to almost all of these items, every American, beyond the first generation immigrant, regardless of race or class, is a member of a common culture. We all share pretty much the same sports. Maybe poor kids dont know how to play polo, and rich kids dont spend time with stickball, but we all know baseball, football, and basketball. Despite some misguided efforts to raise minor dialects to the status of separate  tongues, we all, in fact, share the same language.

There may be differences in diction and usage, but it would be ridiculous to say that all Americans dont speak English. We have the calendar, the law, and large numbers of other cultural items in common. It may well be true that on a few of the seventy-three items there are minor variations between classes, but these kinds of things are really slight variations on a common theme.

There are other items that show variability, not in relation to class, but in relation to religion and ethnic background — funeral customs and cooking, for example. But if there is one place in America where the melting pot is a reality, it is on the kitchen stove; in the course of one month, half the readers of this sentence have probably eaten pizza, hot pastrami, and chow mein. Specific differences that might be identified as signs of separate cultural identity are relatively insignificant within the general unity of American life; they are cultural commas and semicolons in the paragraphs and pages of American life.

1.According to the authors definition of culture, ________.

A. a culture should be accepted and maintained universally

B. a culture should be free from falsehood and evils

C. the items of a culture should be taken for granted by people

D. the items of a culture should be accepted by well-educated people

2.What can we learn from the passage?

A. Baseball, football and basketball are popular sports in America.

B. Different classes have different cultures.

C. Playing polo is popular among kids.

D. There is no variation in using the American language.

3.It can be inferred that ________ will most probably be included in the seventy-three items.

A. accent

B. polo

C. dream patterns

D. table manners

4.The authors main purpose in writing this passage is to ________.

A. prove that different people have different definitions of culture

B. warn that variations exist as far as a culture is concerned

C. indicate that culture is closely connected with social classes

D. show that the idea that the poor or the rich establish a separate culture is an absurdity

 

In cities with rent control, the city government sets the maximum rent that a landlord (房东) can charge for an apartment. Supporters of rent control argue that it protects people who are living in apartment. Their rent cannot increase; therefore, they are not in danger of losing their homes. However, the critics say that after a long time, rent control may have negative effects. Landlords know that they cannot increase their profits. Therefore, they invest in other businesses where they can increase their profits. They do not invest in new buildings which would also be rent-controlled. As a result, new apartments are not built. Many people who need apartments cannot find any. According to the critics, the end result of rent control is a shortage of apartments in the city.

   Some experts argue that the minimum wage law can cause problems in the same way. The federal government sets the minimum that an employer must pay workers. The minimum helps people who generally look for unskilled, low-paying jobs. However, if the minimum is high, employers may hire fewer workers. They will replace workers with machinery. Therefore, other things being equal, the number of workers that employers want decreases. Thus, critics hold the opinion that an increase in the minimum wage may cause unemployment. Some poor people may find themselves without jobs instead of with jobs at the minimum wage.

   Supporters of the minimum wage say that it helps people keep their dignity. Because of the law, workers cannot sell their services for less than the minimum. Furthermore, employers cannot force workers to accept jobs at unfair wages.

   Economic theory predicts the results of economic decision, such as decisions about farm production, rent control, and the minimum wage. The predictions may be corrected only if “other things are equal. Economists do not agree on some of the predictions. They also do not agree on the value of different decisions. Some economists support a particular decision while others criticize it. Economists do agree, however, that there are no simple answers to economic questions.

1.There is the possibility that setting maximum rent may ________.

A. cause a shortage of apartments

B. worry those who rent apartments as homes.

C. increase the profits of landlords.

D. encourage landlords to invest in building apartments.

2.We can safely say that rent control ________.

A. will always benefit those who rent apartments.

B. is unnecessary.

C. will probably bring inactive effects in the long run.

D. is necessary under all conditions

3.There will be the problem of unemployment if ________.

A. the minimum wage is set too high..

B. the minimum wage is set too early.

C. the workers are unskilled.

D. the maximum wage is set for poor workers.

4.The passage tells us about ________.

A. the relationship between supply and demand.

B. the possible results of government controls.

C. the necessity of government control.

D. the urgency of getting rid of government control. 

 

Internet use appears to cause a decline in psychological well-being(安康), according to research at Carnegie Mellon University.

Even people who spent just a few hours a week on the Internet experienced more depression and loneliness than those who logged on less frequently, the two-year study showed. And it wasn’t that people who were already feeling bad spent more time on the Internet, but that using the Net actually appeared to cause the bad feeling.

    Researchers are puzzling over the results, which were completely contrary to their expectations. They expected that the net would prove socially healthier than television, since the Net allows users to choose their information and to communicate with others.

    The fact that Internet use reduces time available for family and friends may account for the drop in well-being, researchers suggested. Faceless, bodiless “virtual”(虚拟的)communication may be less psychologically satisfying than actual conversation, and the relationship formed through it may be shallower. Another possibility is that exposure to the wider world via the Net makes users less satisfied with their lives.

    “But it’s important to remember this is not about the technology per se; it’s about how it is used,” says psychologist Christine Riley of Intel, one of the study’s sponsors. “It really points to the need for considering social effects in terms of how you design applications and services for technology.”

1.The best title for this passage would be ________.

A. Internet may Cause Depression

B. The Dark Side of Internet

C. How to Use Technology Properly

D. The Importance of Psychological Well-being

2.Internet use may cause a decline in psychological well-being because ________.

A. people who were already feeling bad spend more time on the Internet

B. Internet users thought the world was wider than it really was

C. people were too eager to turn the “virtual” communication into reality

D. people have less time for actual communication with their family and friends

3.What does the underlined Latin word “per se” (in Para. 5) mean?

A. probably

B. absolutely

C. oneself

D. itself

4.What’s the tone of the passage?

A. Optimistic.

B. Critical.

C. Objective.

D. Pessimistic.

 

What is “Dads Make a Difference”?

A service-learning opportunity for teens that deals with fatherhood, parenting, and so on.

Older teens, grades 10—12, teach younger teens, grades 6—9, about the importance of fathers in children’s lives, the legal and financial responsibilities of parenting.

Teen teacher training goals & objectives

The goal of the teen teacher training is to better understand the complex problems surrounding legal fatherhood in our society. By discussing what makes healthy families, explaining the meaning of paternity(父亲的身份), and examining the risks people take in their lives, teens will develop the skills needed to make informed decisions in their own relationships and, finally, teach this information to others.

What’s in it for me?

An opportunity to:

Learn life skills like communication, decision making, and problem solving.

Get the chance to use knowledge in meaningful and effective ways.

Develop leadership, planning, teamwork, time management, and organizational skills to help you in every aspect of your life.

Forming lasting relationships with adult mentors(导师).

Comments from teen teachers

“ ‘Dads Make a Difference’ made me realize how permanent and expensive parenthood is.”

“Speaking in form of groups and directing people in activities, I feel, is a valuable skill to have that I will use throughout my life.”

“I wish I would have gone through this program when I was in Junior High. I know it would have helped me to really think about the future and to make good decisions.”

“ ‘Dads Make a Difference’ has helped me to know the effects of my actions before I take them and I know what risks not to take to protect my future.”

1.“Dads Make a Difference” is a(n)_____.

A. name of a school

B. training center

C. social organization

D. education program

2. “Dads Make a Difference” can _____.

A. provide teens a chance to be a teacher in Junior High  

B. help teens learn more about parents

C. help teens develop their life skills                 

D. advise teens how to avoid risks in life

3.According to the passage, who will benefit most from “Dads Make a Difference”?

A. fathers and sons

B. mothers and daughters

C. teen teachers and adult mentors

D. teens and societies

 

书面表达

一家英语报社向中学生征文,主题是“十年后的我”。请根据下列要点和你的畅想完成短文。

要点:1.家庭              2.工作            3.业余生活

注意:1.词数100左右; 2.可以适当增加细节,以使行文连贯;3.开头语已为你写好。

I often imagine what my life will be like in the future. ____________________________________________

____________________________________________________________________________________________

____________________________________________________________________________________________

____________________________________________________________________________________________

 

短文改错

文中共有 10处语言错误,每句中最多有两处。错误仅涉及一个单词的增加、删除或修改。

增加:在缺词处加一个漏字符号(∧),并在其下面写出该加的词。

删除:把多余的词用()划掉。

修改:在错的词下画一横线(___),并在该词下面写出修改后的词。

注意:1.每处错误及其修改均仅限一词;   2.只允许修改10处,多者(从第11处起)不计分。

Nowadays millions of people of all age take pleasure in a hobby which is both interested and fun. Every year more and more people started a stamp collection of your own. In addition, they discover an interest which can even last a lifetime. Stamps are everywhere, as result, starting a collection of stamps are easy. Holiday and birthday postcards from relatives but letters from friends can all provide people for stamps from all over the world. But once a person has started collecting serious, he will probably want to join in the Stamp Collectors’ Club which exists to add more stamps to his collection.

 

阅读下面材料,在空白处填入适当的内容(1个单词)或括号内单词的正确形式。

Keeping a diary in English is one of the effective ways to improve our English writing ability.

      1.   (compare) with other forms of writing, it is shorter and takes   2.    (little) time. It can help us to develop the habit of thinking in English. If we persist in(坚持) this practice, gradually we’ll learn how to express   3.  (we) in English. In keeping a diary in English, we certainly run up against many   4.   (difficult). In the first place, it often happens that we have trouble in 5.  (find) appropriate words and phrases to give expression to our mind. Secondly, there  6. (be) many idiomatic ways of saying things in Chinese. And it is    7.   (extreme) hard for us to put them into English properly.

   As far as I am concerned, my suggestion is 8.   we should always have a notebook and a Chinese-English dictionary within easy reach. Whenever something beats us, we can first put it down in our notebook and then consult our dictionary. We can also ask our English teacher  9. help, if necessary. In short, I believe that it is of great use to keep a diary in English for   10.    development of our writing skills.

 

第二节 根据括号内的提示,请用单词的正确形式填空。

1.From what you say, I draw a __________(结论) that she is not the right person for the job.

2.She can’t get the job for __________(缺乏) of experience.

3.The teacher had the students ___________(分开) into 3 groups to have a discussion about first aids.

4.The football team, ___________(组成) of 22 players and three coaches, was set up about 3 years ago.

5.Her particular way of smiling left a good ____________(印象) on me.

6.Every time I look at the picture, I am ____________(经常地) reminded of my childhood.

7.We are ___________(高兴的) to accept your invitation.

8.A careful ____________(评定) of all students work is made by the head teacher.

9.Only if you __________(集中) on your study can you get good grades.

10.The doctor demanded that the patient be __________(治疗) immediately.

 

阅读下面短文,掌握其大意,然后从下面各题所给的四个选项(ABCD)中,选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。

I learned all about taking responsibility from my mother’s tough love. My mom had a wonderful way of helping you____up and realize that your life is going to be what you make it.

She had this circular way of____you took responsibility for your decisions and the person you would____She would say, “It’s your________,“What you want and what you get are sometimes two____different things.” And then, “No one ever said life was fair.” And she would____these comments together in such a way that you could never____an argument, and yet, the____was that you realized your life is going to be what you make it.

So I might go to my mom and say, “I’d like to____football”. And she would say, “Well, it's your life. If you want to go out there and get____and hurt and break your knees and limp around the rest of your life, that’s fine.” That is____I would say, “Well, you know, that won’t____I’m really fast.” And she would reply, “Well, we don’t really have the money.” And then I would____, “Yes but that’s not fair.” And she would reply, “Well, life isn’t____” Then I would say, “But I’ve been eager to." And she would reply, “Yes, but what you want and what you get are usually two entirely different things.”

It was the combination of these____that allowed my mother to lead me down the right path under her____but let me feel as if I was making the decisions____my own. The sum total of that____was, in the end, you’re____for the life you lead. That’s the best advice I’ve ever gotten.

1.

A. light    B. open    C. grow    D. keep

2.

A. promising    B. ensuring    C. ignoring    D. noticing

3.

A. protect    B. envy    C. refuse    D. become

4.

A. fault    B. life    C. progress    D. turn

5.

A. Then    B. But    C. Now    D. However

6.

A. increasingly    B. approximately    C. completely    D. occasionally

7.

A. combine    B. remind    C. answer    D. publish

8.

A. lose    B. doubt    C. win    D. raise

9.

A. belief    B. reason    C. mistake    D. result

10.

A. quit    B. play    C. buy    D. watch

11.

A. beaten up    B. dressed up    C. divided    D. closed up

12.

A. what    B. how    C. when    D. which

13.

A. fail    B. work    C. last    D. happen

14.

A. take    B. continue    C. make    D. catch

15.

A. fair    B. cosy    C. hard    D. special

16.

A. comments    B. descriptions    C. techniques    D. messages

17.

A. temper    B. influence    C. activity    D. success

18.

A. for    B. on    C. over    D. beyond

19.

A. mind    B. account    C. deal    D. advice

20.

A. famous    B. responsible    C. sorry    D. thankful

 

根据短文内容,从短文后的选项中选出能填入空白处的最佳选项。选项中有两项为多余选项。

Although problems are a part of our lives, it certainly doesn’t mean that we let them rule our lives forever. One day or the other, you’ll have to stand up and say problem, I don’t want you in my life.

  1.  . Problems with friends, parents, girlfriends, husbands, and children ------ the list goes on. Apart from these, the inner conflicts within our work, too. These keep adding to our problems. Problems come in different shapes and colors and feelings.

But good news is that all problems can be dealt with. Now read on to know how to solve your problems.

Talk, it really helps. What most of us think is that our problem can be understood only by us and that no talking is going to help.    2.    . Talking helps you move on and let go.

Write your problems.    3.    . When you write down your problems, you are setting free all the tension from your system. You can try throwing away the paper on which you wrote your problems. By doing this, imagine yourself throwing away the problems from your life.

Dont lose faith and hope. No matter what you lose in life, dont lose faith and hope. Even if you lose all your money, family you should still have faith.    4.    . 

Your problems arent the worst. No matter what problem you get in life, therere another one million people whose problems are huger than yours.    5.   .Your problems might just seem big and worse, but in reality they can be removed.

Go about and solve your problems because every problem, however big or small, always has a way out.

A. But the truth is that when you talk about it, youre setting free the negative energies that have been gathering within you.

B. When we have a problem, a pressing, critical, urgent, life-threatening problem, how do we try and solve it?

C. Tell yourself: when they can deal with them, why cant I?

D. Of course, weve been fighting troubles ever since we were born.

E. We can often overcome the problem and achieve the goal by making a direct attack.

F. Having a personal diary can also be of huge help if you don’t want a real person to talk with.

G. With faith and hope, you can rebuild everything that you lose.

 

 

The National Gallery

Description:

The National Gallery is the British national art museum built on the north side of Trafalgar Square in London. It houses a diverse collection of more than 2,300 examples of European art ranging from 13th-century religious paintings to more modern ones by Renoir and Van Gogh. The older collections of the gallery are reached through the main entrance while the more modern works in the East Wing are most easily reached from Trafalgar Square by a ground floor entrance.

Layout:

The modern Sainsbury Wing on the western side of the building houses 13th- to 15th-century paintings, and artists include Duccio, Uccello, Van Eyck, Lippi, Mantegna, Botticelli and Memling.

The main West Wing houses 16th-century paintings, and artists include Leonardo da Vinci, Cranach, Michelangelo, Raphael, Bruegel, Bronzino, Titan and Veronese.

The North Wing houses 17th-century paintings, and artists include Caravaggio, Rubens, Poussin, Van Dyck, Velazquez, Claude and Vermeer.

The East Wing houses 18th- to early 20th-century paintings, and artists include Canaletto, Goya, Turner, Constable, Renoir and Van Gogh.

Opening Hours:

The Gallery is open every day from 10 am. to 6 pm. (Fridays 10 am. to 9 pm.) and is free, but charges apply to some special exhibitions.

Getting There:

Nearest underground stations: Charing Cross (2-minute walk), Leicester Square (3-minute walk), Embankment (7-minute walk), and Piccadilly Circus (8-minute walk).

1.In which centurys collection can you see religious paintings?

A. The 13th.           B. The 17th.

C. The 18th.           D. The 20th.   

2.Where are Leonardo da Vincis works shown?

A. In the East Wing.                  B. In the main West Wing.

C. In the Sainsbury Wing              D. In the North Wing

3.Which underground station is closest to the National Galley?

A. Piccadilly Circus.         B. Leicester Square.

C. Embankment.               D. Charing Cross.

 

Ever get that feeling you’re being watched? Well, if you’re a dog-owner, you may have a point. Dogs are able to watch people’s interactions with one another to determine who holds yummier treats, according to a new study. This study joins others that show dogs are good observers of human behaviors and feelings. It offers evidence that dogs use information not only from people’s direct interactions with them, but also their interactions with one another.

In the study, dogs watched a man ask two women for some of their corns. Both women gave the man corns when he asked, but in response to one woman, the man showed his enthusiasm and said the corns were so delicious. In response to the other woman, he gave the corns back and called them gross(in Spanish;the study was conducted in Argentina). After these interactions, the man left and an assistant holding the dog let the dog go. While many dogs didnt approach either woman, the dogs that did have a preference tended to prefer the woman with the yummier(美味的) food.

Other studies of dogs’ people-watching ability have found dogs are able to tell the difference between happy and sad faces in their owners. They prefer people who give others food when asked over people who don’t give others food. And in one study, dogs turned toward crying people more often than toward talking people.

So how much do dogs really understand about the humans around them? That’s not totally settled yet. In a strange twist to the Argentine study above, when the researchers tried an experiment in which they put two plates of corns on a table and had a man react to each plate, dogs didn’t preferentially approach the tastier plate afterward. You could say dogs watch for the interaction between two persons, not just how a person reacts. Yet a previous study found dogs will choose boxes that people reacted to happily, but not boxes people reacted to with a disgusted face.

Well, either way, you can be sure Fluffs is keeping an eye on you, to the best of her ability. The study was published in the journal PLOS One.

1. What does the study mentioned in this passage show?

A. Dogs prefer yummier foods.

B. Dogs can read human actions and feelings.

C. Dogs can interact with humans easily.

D. Dogs like to copy human’s behavior.

2. What does the underlined word “gross” probably mean?

A. Healthy.         B. Disgusting.

C. Yummy.          D. Hot.

3. Which is one of the procedures of the Argentine study?

A. The man had different reactions to the food received.

B. One of the women didn’t give the food to the man.

C. The assistant accompanied the dogs to get the food.

D. Many dogs went to one of the women.

4.What can be concluded from Paragraph 4?

A. Interactions between two persons confuse dogs.

B. Dogs never understand the reaction of one person.

C. The findings of some studies are controversial.

D. Dogs have good interactions with one another.

 

People aren’t walking any more---if they can figure out a way to avoid it.

I felt superior(不为……所动) about this matter until the other day I took my car to mail a small parcel. The journey is a matter of 281 steps. But I used the car. And I wasn’t in any hurry, either. I had merely become one more victim of a national sickness: motorosis.

It is an illness to which I had thought myself immune(免疫的), for I was brought up in the tradition of going to places on my own two legs. At that time, we regarded 25 miles as good day’s walk and the ability to cover such a distance in ten hours as sign of strength and skill. It did not occur to us that walking was a hardship. And the effect was lasting. When I was 45 years old I raced -–and beat-—a teenage football player the 168 steps up the Stature of Liberty.

Such enterprises today are regarded by many middle-aged persons as bad for the heart. But a well-known British physician, Sir Adolphe Abrahams, pointed out recently that hearts and bodies need proper exercise. A person who avoids exercise is more likely to have illnesses than one who exercises regularly. And walking is an ideal form of exercise--- the most familiar and natural of all.

It was Henry Thoreau who showed mankind the richness of going on foot. The man walking can learn the trees, flower, insects, birds and animals, the significance of seasons, the very feel of himself as a living creature in a living world. He cannot learn in a car.

The car is a convenient means of transport, but we have made it our way of life. Many people don’t dare to approach nature any more; to them the world they were born to enjoy is all threat. To them security is a steel river thundering on a concrete road. And much of their thinking takes place while waiting for the traffic light to turn green.

I say that the green of forests is the mind’s best light. And none but the man on foot can evaluate what is basic and everlasting.

1. What is the national sickness?

A. Walking too much              B. Traveling too much 

C. Driving cars too much        D. Climbing stairs too much.

2.What was life like when the author was young?

A. People usually went around on foot.     

B. people often walked 25 miles a day

C. People used to climb the Statue of Liberty.  

D. people considered a ten-hour walk as a hardship.

3. The author mentions Henry Thoreau to prove that______.

A. middle-aged people like getting back to nature 

B. walking in nature helps enrich one’s mind

C. people need regular exercise to keep fit

D. going on foot prevents heart disease

4.What is the author’s intention of writing this passage?

A. To tell people to reflect(思考) more on life. 

B. To recommend people to give up driving

C. To advise people to do outdoor activities 

D. To encourage people to return to walking

 

After a terrible electrical accident, which caused him to become both blind and deaf, the whole world became completely dark and quiet for Robert Edwards for almost ten years. The loss of sight and hearing threw him into such sorrow(悲伤) that he tried a few times to put an end to his life. His family, especially his wife, did their best to tend and comfort him and finally he regained the will to live.

One hot summer afternoon, he was taking a walk with a stick near his house when a thunderstorm started all at once. He stood under a large tree to avoid getting wet, but he was struck by the lightning. Witnesses thought he was dead but he woke up some 20 minutes later lying face down in muddy water at the base of the tree. He was trembling badly, but when he opened his eyes, he could hardly believe what he saw —— a plough and a wall. When Mrs. Edwards came running up to him, shouting to their neighbors to call for help, he could see her and hear her voice for the first time in nearly ten years.

The news of Robert regaining his sight and hearing quickly spread, and many doctors came to examine him. Most of them said that he regained his sight and hearing from the shock he got from the lightning. However, none of them could give a convincing answer as to why this should have happened. The only reasonable explanation given by one doctor was that, since Robert lost his sight and hearing as a result of sudden shock, perhaps, the only way for him to regain them was by another sudden shock.

1.The reason for Robert’s attempts to kill himself was that________.

A. a terrible traffic accident happened to him   

B. he had to live in a dark and silent world

C. he was struck by the lightning once more   

D. nobody in the world cared about him

2.What was Robert doing when he was struck by the lightning?

A. Sheltering for the rain under a tree.

B. Driving a car.

C. Taking a walk with a stick.

D. Lying on the ground.

3.Which of the following statements is NOT true?

A. Robert had been deaf and blind for nearly ten years.  

B. Robert hid himself under the tree for 20 minutes.

C. Robert could hear his wife’s shouting for help when he woke up.

D. The family’s love helped Robert regain confidence to live.

4.We can infer from the text that________.

A. there was no accurate explanation for Robert's recovery

B. many doctors came because Robert was badly injured

C. Robert’s wife sent for doctors immediately after the shock

D. a sudden injury in the head led to Robert's recovery

 

假定你是学生会主席李华。你校将举办一场英语才艺表演(talent show),想邀请你校外籍教师Black先生前来观看并做评论。请你按照下面内容用英语给他写一封电子邮件。

主题:English Bridge to the World

时间:3月31日上午8:30—ll:30

地点:体育馆

内容:每班一个节目,歌曲、舞蹈、课本剧、故事、演讲等形式不限

联系人:李华(电话13613856789)

注意:

1. 词数:100左右(开头和结尾已为你写好,不计入总词数);

2. 可适当增加细节,以使行文连贯。

参考词汇:评论comment;体育馆gymnasium;课本剧textbook drama

Dear Mr. Black,

 

 

 

 

 

With best wishes,

Li Hua

 

短文改错

1. No matter what hard the project is, I will finish it on time.

2. They were extreme sad at the thought of their missing dog.

3. I was about to lock the door while the telephone rang.

4. Burying in his study, he didn’t know that all the others had left.

5. It’s so nice weather that I’d like to take a walk.

6. Mr. Smith insisted that the thief put into prison.

7. The number of teenagers injured in the earthquake is frightened.

8.. Smoking can do damage for your health.

9. I find the man is very difficult to get along.

10. My father bought a new bike for me which price added up to more than 1000 Yuan.

 

阅读下面材料,在空白处填入适当的内容(1个单词)或括号内单词的正确形式。

Swedish businessman Nile Bergqvist is delighted with his new hotel, the world’s first igloo(冰屋) hotel.

1. (build) in a small town, it has been attracting lots of visitors but soon the fun will be over. In two weeks’ time Bergqvist’s ice creation   2.  (be) nothing more than a pool of water. “ We don’t see it as a big problem,” he says. “ We just look forward to replacing it.”

Bergqvist built his first igloo in 1991 for an art exhibition. It was   3.  successful that he designed the present one,   4.  measures roughly 200 square meters. Six workmen spent more than eight weeks   5.  (put)1, 000 tons of snow onto a wooden base;when the snow froze, the base 6.  (remove).

After their stay, all visitors receive 7.  (congratulate) and a survival certificate recording their success.   8.  no windows, nowhere to hang clothes and temperatures below 0°C, it may seem more like a survival test   9. a relaxing hotel break. “It’s great fun,” Bergqvist explains, “As well as a good start in survival training.”

The popularity of the igloo is beyond doubt:it is now attracting tourists from all over the world. At least 800 people have stayed at the igloo this season even   10.  there are only 10 rooms.

 

阅读下面短文,从短文后各题所给的四个选项(A、B、C和D)中,选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。

The books in David’s schoolbag felt like bricks as he ran. What he wanted to do was to play basketball with Eric,     his mother told him he would have to return his sister’s books to the library first.

He had     set foot in a library and he didn’t like reading. He would just     the books in the outside return box. But there was a     ; it was locked.

He went into the building, only a few minutes     closing time. He put the books into the return box. And after a brief     in the WC, he would be on his way to the playground to     Eric.

David stepped out of the WC and stopped in        — the library lights were off. The place was    . The doors had been shut. They     be opened from the inside, he was trapped in a library!

He tried to   a telephone call, but was unable to    . What’s more, the pay phones were on the outside of the building.    the sun began to set, he searched for a light and found it.

   he could see. David wrote on a piece of paper: “    ! I’m TRAPPED inside!” and stuck it to the glass door.    , someone passing by would see it.

He was surprised to discover that this place was not so unpleasant,     . Rows and rows of shelves held books. He saw a book about Michael Jordan and took it. He settled into a chair and started to     .

He knew he had to    , but now, that didn’t seem to be such a     thing.

1. A. but              B. because       C. or           D. since

2. A. ever            B. nearly          C. never           D. often

3. A. pass            B. drop            C. carry         D. take

4. A. problem          B. mistake         C. case         D. question

5. A. during         B. after            C. over         D. before

6. A. rest            B. break           C. walk          D. stop

7. A. visit            B. meet            C. catch           D. greet

8. A. delight       B. anger      C. surprise      D. eagerness

9. A. lonely            B. empty          C. noisy         D. crowded

10. A. wouldn’t    B. shouldn’t     C. couldn’t      D. needn’t

11. A. make          B. fix            C. use            D. pick

12. A. get on       B. go through     C. get through    D. get in

13. A. If            B. As              C. Though         D. Until

14. A. As usual         B. Now and then    C. By the way       D. At last

15. A. Come        B. Help            C. Hello           D. Sorry

16. A. Surely         B. Thankfully      C. Truly          D. Gradually

17.A. at most        B. after all         C. in short         D. on time

18. A. watch         B. play            C. read            D. write

19. A. wait           B. stand           C. sleep           D. work

20. A. bad           B. cool            C. strange         D. nice

 

根据短文内容,从短文后的选项中选出能填入空白处的最佳选项。选项中有两项为多余选项。

Although most games have winners and losers, the goal of sports is not to win every game. The real goals include getting exercise, having fun, and learning important social skills, like sportsmanship.

Good sportsmanship is all about respect. Good sports (具有运动家品格的人) respect the other players on their team. They respect the players on opposing teams. They respect coaches, and they also respect the referees or other officials involved in their games.   1.  They shout at their teammates and they talk back to coaches or referees.

Kids usually learn sportsmanship good and bad from the adults in their lives.   2.  If parents and coaches show disrespect to other fans, referees, or each other, kids will likely act the same way on the field.

  3.  Some of them are very basic and easy to do, like shaking hands with other players before a game. Other examples may take a little more courage, such as acknowledging a great play made by the opposing team.

Learning good sportsmanship is important because it helps you develop an attitude of graciousness (礼貌) and respect that will carry over into all the other areas of your life!   4.  Being a good sport in the classroom will eventually lead to being a good sport in the workplace.

So be a good sport in whatever you do!   5.   When others see you acting in a way that makes it clear that winning isn't the most important thing, you can move on to focusing on the important things, like having fun, getting exercise, and improving your skills.

A. Good sportsmanship can be shown in many ways.

B. On the contrary, bad sportsmanship is all about disrespect.

C. The example you set can be a powerful teaching tool for others.

D. Players 'parents and coaches set examples that kids tend to follow.

E. We can be good sports by encouraging others but not laughing at them.

F. Starting as a good sport earlier will help you be a good sport as you get old.

G. If you're a good sport on the field, you'll also likely be a good sport in the classroom.

 

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