Everyone knows that fish is good for health. 1. But it seems that many people don’t cook fish at home. Americans eat only about fifteen pounds of fish per person per year, but we eat twice as much fish in restaurants as at home. Buying, storing, and cooking fish isn’t difficult. 2.This text is about how to buy and cook fish in an easy way.

3. Fresh fish should smell sweet: you should feel that you’re standing at the ocean’s edge. Any fishy or strong smell means the fish isn’t fresh. 4.When you have bought a fish and arrive home, you’d better store the fish in the refrigerator if you don’t cook it immediately, but fresh fish should be stored in your fridge for only a day or two. Frozen fish isn’t as tasty as the fresh one.

There are many common methods used to cook fish.5. First, clean it and season it with your choice of spices(调料).

Put the whole fish on a plate and steam it in a steam pot for 8 to 10 minutes if it weighs about one pound. (A larger one will take more time.) Then, it’s ready to serve.

A. Do not buy it.
B. The easiest is to steam it.
C. This is how you can do it.
D. It just requires a little knowledge.
E. The fish will go bad within hours.
F. When buying fish, you should first smell it.
G. The fats in fish are thought to help prevent heart disease.


The idea of being able to walk on water has long interested humans greatly. Sadly, biological facts prevent us ever accomplishing such a thing without artificial aid—we simply weigh too much,and all our mass pushes down through our relatively small feet, resulting in a lot of pressure that makes us sink.

However, several types of animals can walk on water.  One of the most interesting is the common basilisk Basilicusbasilicus, a lizard (蜥蜴) native to Central and South America. It can run across water for a distance of several metres, avoiding getting wet by rapidly hitting the water's surface with its feet. The lizard will take as many as 20 steps per second to keep moving forward. For humans to do this, we'd need huge feet that we could bring up to our ears in order to create adequate “hitting”.

But fortunately there is an alternative: corn flour. By adding enough of this common thickening agent to water (and it does take a lot), you can create a “nonNewtonian” liquid that doesn't behave like normal water. Now, if the surface of the water is hit hard enough, particles(粒子) in the water group together for a moment to make the surface hard. Move quickly enough and put enough force into each step, and you really can walk across the surface of an adequately thick liquid of corn flour.

Fun though all this may sound, it's still rather messy and better read about in theory than carried out in practice. If you must do it, then keep the water wings handy in case you start to sink—and take a shower afterwards!

1.What do we know about Basilicusbasilicus from the passage?

A. It is light enough to walk on water.

B. Its huge feet enable it to stay above water.

C. It can run across water at a certain speed.

D. Its unique skin keeps it from getting wet in water.

2.What is the function of the corn flour according to the passage?

A. To create a thick liquid.

B. To turn the water into solid.

C. To help the liquid behave normally.

D. To enable the water to move rapidly.

3.What is the author's attitude towards the idea of humans' walking on water?

A. It is risky but beneficial.

B. It is interesting and worth trying.

C. It is crazy and cannot become a reality.

D. It is impractical though theoretically possible.


Why do Americans struggle with watching their weight, while the French, who consume rich food, continue to stay thin? Now a research by Cornell University suggests how life style and decisions about eating may affect weight. Researchers conclude that the French tend to stop eating when they feel full. However, Americans tend to stop when their plate is empty or their favourite TV show is over.

According to Dr Joseph Mercola, a health expert, the French see eating as an important part of their life style. They enjoy food and therefore spend a fairly long time at the table, while Americans see eating as something to be squeezed between the other daily activities. Mercola believes Americans lose the ability to sense when they are actually full. So they keep eating long after the French would have stopped. In addition, he points out that Americans drive to huge supermarkets to buy canned and frozen foods for the week. The French, instead, tend to shop daily, walking to small shops and farmers' markets where they have a choice of fresh fruits, vegetables, and eggs as well as highquality meats for each meal.

After a visit to the United States, Mireille Guiliano, author of FrenchWomenDon'tGetFat, decided to write about the importance of knowing when to stop rather than suggesting how to avoid food. Today she continues to stay slim and rarely goes to the gym.

In spite of all these differences, evidence shows that recent life style changes may be affecting French eating habits. Today the rate of obesity—or extreme overweight—among adults is only 6%. However, as American fast food gains acceptance and the young reject older traditions, the obesity rate among French children has reached 17%—and is growing.

1.In what way are the French different from Americans according to Dr Joseph Mercola?

A. They go shopping at supermarkets more frequently.

B. They squeeze eating between the other daily activities.

C. They regard eating as a key part of their life style.

D. They usually eat too much canned and frozen food.

2.This text is mainly the relationship between ________.

A. Americans and the French

B. life style and obesity

C. children and adults

D. fast food and overweight

3.Where does this text probably come from?

A. A TV interview.    B. A food advertisement.

C. A health report.    D. A book review.


There are many superstitions(迷信) in Britain, but one of the most widelyheld is that it is unlucky to walk under a ladder—even if it means stepping off the pavement into a busy street!

Walking under a ladder

If you must walk under a ladder you can avoid bad luck by crossing your fingers and keeping them crossed until you've seen a dog. Alternatively, you must lick your finger and make a cross on the toe of your shoe, and not look again at the shoe until the mark has dried.


Another common superstition is that it is unlucky to open an umbrella in the house—it will either bring misfortune to the person that opened it or to the household. The superstition could date from the old time when its purpose was to act as a sunshade. If opened indoors, it might be considered to be an attack on the sun. Anyone opening an umbrella indoors in fine weather is unpopular, as it inevitably brings rain!

Number 13

The number 13 is said to be unlucky for some, and when the 13th day of the month falls on a Friday, anyone wishing to avoid an inauspicious event had better stay indoors.

Seven years bad luck

The worst misfortune that can befall you is caused by breaking a mirror, as it brings seven years of bad luck! The superstition is supposed to have originated in ancient times, when mirrors were considered to be tools of the gods.

Black cat

In the UK, black cats are generally considered lucky in the UK, even though they are connected with witchcraft(巫术):You are said to be lucky if a black cat crosses your path.

1.Which experience is considered to be lucky according to the passage?

A. walking under a ladder

B. opening an umbrella in the house

C. breaking a mirror

D. a black cat crossing your path

2.Which of the followings is RIGHT in UK according to the passage?

A. Opening an umbrella in the rain is not acceptable or unpopular.

B. Black cats are generally considered unlucky because they have something with witchcraft.

C. Bad luck brought by walking under a ladder cannot be avoided using certain ways.

D. If you are to open a clothes store on May 13 in Britain, you had better change the date.

3.Which two superstitions are related to history?

A. ①②    B. ②④

C. ④⑤    D. ③④

4.It can be inferred from the passage that ________.

A. breaking a mirror will cause bad luck because it shows your disrespect(不敬)for the God

B. crossing your fingers and keeping them crossed can help avoid bad luck brought by walking under a ladder

C. number 13 is always unlucky in any situation

D. opening an umbrella indoors might be considered to be an attack on the sun



1.我们的钱快花光了(run out of)



4.他把大部分钱都捐赠给希望工程。(give away)









Last Sunday, I showed Tom, the friend from the USA, around the city. This was the first time that Tom visited my hometown, and he found the trip excited.

Early in the morning, I took her to the park near my home. He was astonished to seeing so many people did exercise in the park. Then, we went to the museum. From the exhibitions, he learned a lot at the history of the city. After leaving the museum, we went downtown and found it was crowded with quite a lot of building. On our way to home, Tom said he was really amazed by that he found. But he hoped that he would have chances to come here again.



1.Plastic is a widely used ____________.(材料)

2.There are many students _______(毕业) from high school every year.

3.He is always looks_________ even in defeat.(乐观的)

4.It took us all day to reach our ____________(目的地).

5.I will go if my health ___________(允许).

6.Always ask for a _________(收据) from a taxi driver so that you can complain if you have been over-charged.

7.This wounded soldier was _________(无意识的)from his loss of blood.

8.I think you should go back to your ______(最初的)plan.

9.The price of this type of computer ________(变化)in different shops.

10.They sat on the hillside, __________ (凝视)out across the valley.


Have you ever 1.(stay) up late? If so, you should know that not getting enough sleep can make you tired . Not sleeping enough can also make 2.hard to think clearly the next day.

    Scientists who study sleep have known that getting a good night’s sleep is of great 3.(important). It helps kids to be able 4.(do) their best during the day.

A recent study shows that sleep 5.(help) improve problem--- solving skills and 6.(creat) thinking  abilities. In the study, two groups of students answered 7. math problem. The group that slept for eight hours solved the problem8.(correct) more often than the group that did not get enough sleep.

While you sleep9. night,  your brain is busy doing its “homework”. It sorts out(整理) the information 10. you get in the day. Getting enough sleep each night can improve your thinking ability. That will surely help you do your best at school or work.


I arrived at my mother’s home for our Monday family dinner. Mother was ______ quilt after quilt from the boxes, ______ showing me their beauties. She was preparing for a quilt show at the Elmhurst Church. When we began to _____ and put them back into the boxes, I noticed something at the _____ of one box.

“What is this?” I asked.

“Oh?” Mom said, “That’s Mama’s quilt.”

I ______ the quilt. It looked as if a group of school children had pieced it together; ____

designs, ______ pictures, a winding line on the right.

“Grandmother made this?” I said, ______. My grandmother was a master at making quilts. This ______ didn’t look like any of the quilts she had made.

“Yes, right before she died. I ______ it home with me last year and made some ______,” she said. “I’m still _____ on it. See, this is what I’ve done so far.”

I looked at it more ______. At the center of the quilt, she had sewn a piece of ______with these words:  “My mother made many quilts. She didn’t get all lines _____. But I think this is beautiful. I want to see it ______. Her last quilt.”

“Oh, this is so nice, Mom,” I said. It ______ to me that by completing my grandmother’s quilt, my mother was honoring her own ______. I realized, too, that I held in my hands a family

____. It started with the loving hands of one woman, and ______ with the loving hands of another.

1.A. splitting up    B. picking up    C. pulling out    D. showing off

2.A. proudly    B. frankly    C. politely    D. generously

3.A. push    B. lift    C. cover    D. fold

4.A. top    B. bottom    C. back    D. front

5.A. pressed    B. spread    C. packed    D. raised

6.A. perfect    B. delicate    C. mature    D. irregular

7.A. childish    B. elegant    C. classic    D. horrible

8.A. excited    B. depressed    C. surprised    D. delighted

9.A. almost    B. certainly    C. partly    D. probably

10.A. robbed    B. bought    C. dropped    D. brought

11.A. decisions    B. money    C. changes    D. mistakes

12.A. working    B. depending    C. living    D. sitting

13.A. disappointedly    B. closely    C. nervously    D. gratefully

14.A. paper    B. bread    C. wood    D. cloth

15.A. strong    B. hidden    C. straight    D. bent

16.A. finished    B. removed    C. produced    D. prepared

17.A. happened    B. appeared    C. occurred    D. struck

18.A. skill    B. mother    C. show    D. quilt

19.A. shame    B. responsibility    C. desire    D. treasure

20.A. continued    B. stopped    C. declined    D. disappeared


The increasing environmental problems and need for eco-friendly products and services are creating a new job section of green-collar jobs. 1. It is expected that by 2025 about 25% of the jobs in developed countries will be of green-collar jobs. Doesn’t the data look promising for the future?

2. And jobs will pop up at every income level, from environmental manager to gardener. For example, many countries including the United States have understood that fossil fuels have negative effect on the environment which can later become a serious danger to mankind. 3. The increasing demand of newer resources has created the need for experts and researchers who can find better ways to deal with the ongoing needs. In addition, in order to meet the increasing demands of environment-friendly equipment, both green product designer and educated and trained workers are needed. Management of environmental organizations also demands a large number of environmental managers.4. Internet is undoubtedly the best way to find information on almost any matter. Nowadays, different kinds of jobs are being posted online. Search through a couple of job websites to look for a bright future in energy conversion and recycling of waste management. Check regularly and find the right work for yourself. 5.

A. People who read newspapers can also find different kinds of green-collar jobs.

B. People who take green careers will be well paid.

C. Where can you find green-collar jobs?

D. Green-collar jobs have become a bright career chances for all.

E. Many countries of the world have realized the importance and need for energy-saving products and services.

F. As a result, possibilities are being explored to find alternatives to satisfy demands in a better way.

G. Forget the blue–collar and white–collar categories.


Much meaning can be conveyed, clearly, with our eyes, so it is often said that eyes can speak.

Do you have such kind of experience? In a bus you may look at a stranger, but not too long. And if he is sensing that he is being stared at, he may feel uncomfortable.

The same in daily life. If you are looked at for more than necessary, you will look at yourself up and down, to see if there is anything wrong with you. If nothing goes wrong, you will feel angry toward others’ stare at you that way. Eyes do speak, right?

Looking too long at someone may seem to be rude and aggressive. But things are different when it comes to stare at the opposite sex. If a man glances at a woman for more than 10 seconds and refuses to move his gaze, his intentions are obvious, that is, he wishes to attract her attention, to make her understand that he is admiring her.

However, the normal eye contact for two people engaged in conversation is that the speaker will only look at the listener from time to time, in order to make sure that the listener does pay attention to what the former is speaking, to tell him that he is attentive.

If a speaker looks at you continuously when speaking, as if he tries to dominate you, you will feel uncomfortable. A poor liar usually exposes himself by looking too long at the victim, since he believes in the false idea that to look straight in the eye is a sign of honest communication. Quite the contrary.

In fact, continuous eye contact is confined to lovers only, who will enjoy looking at each other tenderly for a long time, to show affection that words cannot express.

Evidently, eye contact should be done according to the relationship between two people and the specific situation.

1.Which of the following behaviors is proper according to the passage?

A. To the opposite sex, stare at him or her.

B. To a stranger, avoid looking at him or her.

C. In a conversation, look at the listener all the time.

D. Make eye contact depending on the relationship and different situations.

2.If two persons exchange eye contact gently for long, what is probably their relationship?

A. Boss and employee.    B. Lovers.

C. Teacher and student.    D. Strangers

3.What’s the best title of the passage?

A. Don’t stare at others    B. Body language is important

C. Eyes can speak    D. Eye contact benefits you


Scientists investigated why Ebola virus is so deadly when it spreads from animals to humans and then from human-to-human contact. The research team looked at the Zaire Ebola virus in an animal system to understand how it gains strength. This virus is responsible for the current outbreak in West Africa. They found that initially the animal systems were not affected by the virus, but succeeding transmission(传送) into other animals caused the virus to “hot up” and become more severe.

The team analyzed the viruses at different stages and were able to identify several changes in its genetic material that were associated with increased disease.

Professor Julian Hiscox, who led the study from the University’s Institute of Infection and Global Health, explains: “The work tells us that the evolutionary goal of Ebola virus is to become more fatal.”

“We were able to show through genetic analysis which parts of the virus are involved in this process. The information we have gathered will now allow us to monitor for such changes in an outbreak as well as develop future treatment strategies.”

Professor Roger Hewson, leading the study from Public Health England, Porton Down, said: “Ebola virus is such a destructive infection to the people affected by the disease and the economy of West Africa.”

“Our understanding of Ebola virus biology is way behind that of other viruses and our cooperation shows how we can bring together our specialists’ skills to close this knowledge gap.”

Professor Miles Carroll, a co-author of the work, said: “This study has allowed the team to be at the forefront of developing methodologies to analyze patient samples recently taken by the European Mobile Laboratory from West Africa to understand disease evolution during the current outbreak.”

1.What does the first paragraph mainly tell us?

A. How severe Ebola virus is.

B. How Ebola virus spreads.

C. How Ebola virus gradually becomes deadly.

D. What contributions scientists have made on Ebola virus.

2.Which of the following statements is mentioned in the passage?

A. In the first stage, the virus hurts its victims much.

B. As the virus spreads, it’ll change and become more and more deadly.

C. The research in Ebola virus is more advanced than that in other viruses.

D. The scientists have a negative attitude to the research in Ebola virus.

3.The underlined word “fatal” has the closest meaning to ______.

A. optimistic    B. deadly

C. common    D. fantastic

4.Where can we probably read this passage?

A. In a science report.    B. In a storybook.

C. In an advertisement.    D. In a textbook.


Some people think if you are happy, you are blind to reality. But when we research it, happiness actually raises every single business and educational outcome for the brain. How did we miss this? Why do we have these social misunderstandings about happiness? Because we assumed you were average. When we study people, scientists are often interested in what the average is.

Many people think happiness is genetic. That’s only half the story, because the average person does not fight their genes. When we stop studying the average and begin researching positive outliers —people who are above average for a positive aspect like optimism or intelligence —a wildly different picture appears. Our daily decisions and habits have a huge impact upon both our levels of happiness and success.

Scientifically, happiness is a choice. It is a choice about where your single processor brain will devote its limited resources as you process the world. If you scan for the negative first, your brain really has no resources left over to see the things you are grateful for or the meaning embedded(嵌入) in your work. But if you scan the world for the positive, you start to acquire an amazing advantage.

I wrote the cover story for the Harvard Business Review magazine on “Happiness Leads to Profits.” Based on my article called “Positive Intelligence” and my research in The Happiness Advantage, I summarized our researched conclusion: the single greatest advantage in the modern economy is a happy and busy workforce.

A decade of research in the business world proves that happiness raises nearly every business and educational outcome: increasing sales by 37%, productivity by 31%, and accuracy on tasks by 19%, as well as a number of health and quality-of-life improvements.

1.The underlined word “this” in the first paragraph refers to        .

A. the fact that people are happy

B. the connection between happiness and educational outcome

C. the fact that people often misunderstand happiness

D. the fact that most people are average

2.What can we learn from the passage?

A. Scientists are only interested in what the average is.

B. You can choose to be happy or not.

C. The average are not happy at all.

D. Our decisions and habits have nothing to do with happiness.

3.Why does the writer mention his articles and research?

A. To advertise himself.

B. To arouse the readers’ interest.

C. To support his point about happiness.

D. To attract the readers to read his articles.

4.What is the author’s purpose of writing this article?

A. To explain what is happiness.

B. To describe the misunderstandings about happiness.

C. To show people the importance of happiness.

D. To make the point that happiness promotes business and educational outcome.


I was sure that I was to be killed. I became terribly nervous. I fumbled(摸索) in my pockets to see if there were any cigarettes, which had escaped their search. I found one and because of my shaking hands, I could barely get it to my lips. But I had no matches, they had taken those. I looked through the bars at the guard. He did not make eye contact with me. I called out to him “Have you got a light?” He looked at me, shrugged and came over to light my cigarette. As he came close and lit the match, his eyes unconsciously locked with mine. At that moment, I smiled. I don’t know why I did that. Perhaps it was nervousness, perhaps it was because, when you get very close, one to another, it is very hard not to smile. In any case, I smiled. In that instant, it was as though a spark jumped across the gap between our two hearts, our two human souls. I know he didn’t want to, but my smile leaped through the bars and caused a smile on his lips, too. He lit my cigarette but stayed near, looking at me directly in the eyes and continuing to smile.

I kept smiling at him, now thinking of him as a person and not just a guard. "Do you have kids?" he asked. “Yes, here, here.” I took out my wallet and nervously fumbled for the pictures of my family. He, too, took out the pictures of his family and began to talk about his plans and hopes for them. My eyes filled with tears. I said that I feared that I’d never see my family again, never have the chance to see them grow up. Tears came to his eyes, too. Suddenly, without another word, he unlocked my cell and silently led me out. Out of the prison, quietly and by back routes, out of the town. There, at the edge of town, he released me. And without another word, he turned back toward the town.

1.What had happened to the man before ?

A. He had been badly treated.

B. He had killed someone.

C. He had been searched.

D. He had been forbidden to get in touch with anyone.

2.Why did the man want to smoke cigarettes?

A. Because he was sure he was to be killed.

B. Because he wanted to ease his nervousness.

C. Because he wanted to talk to the guard.

D. Because he was used to smoking cigarettes.

3.Which of the following is true according to the passage?

A. The man was a heavy smoker.

B. The man smiled to please the guard.

C. The guard set the man free with permission.

D. The man hadn’t thought the guard would set him free.

4.What do you think finally saved the man’s life?

A. The smile.    B. The cigarette.

C. The tears.    D. The wallet.



内容提示:1. 共享单车的现状和问题

2. 你对这些问题的看法

3. 你的建议



备用词汇:shared bicycle 共享单车

















For many people, music has always been part of life, and they listen to music on radio, on iPod and on Internet. As is vividly showing in the picture, the music fan is trying to download songs he enjoys. But the website requires payment first every time he wanted to download something, that annoys him. How he wishes the music is all free!

Many people are used to free music being downloaded from the Internet without realizing they have done harm for others’ right. Music artists work very hardly to compose music. If not paid, he will lose enthusiasm to go ahead, and gradually we will find beautiful musics nowhere.



1.Even the most gifted can have c_____ (信心) destroyed by the wrong instructor.

2.Johnston’s name was obviously a_____(缺席) from the list.

3.The mother b_____(弯腰) over and kissed the baby on her cheek.

4.They cannot cope with the huge cost a_____(积累) over the past few years.

5.He f_____(原谅) her for what she had said to him.

6.The little girl kept her eyes f_____(注视) on the wall behind him.

7.It is very c_____(考虑周到的) of you to send me a postcard.

8.After a long h_____(犹豫), he told the truth at last.

9.Their p_____(目的) is to build a fair society and a strong economy.

10.A_____(调整) your tie is often a sign of nervousness.


Long before Barack Obama became president of the United States, he wrote a book 1. (call) Dream from My Father: A Story of Race and Inheritance, which has since become 2.  bestseller. It is an 3. (appeal) book that includes what he went through during 4. (he) childhood. Obama has little contact with his father 5. roots were in Kenya because he left home when Obama was very young. His mother got married 6. a student from Indonesia shortly after the family moved to Jakarta. A few years later, Obama came back with his grandparents to Hawaii, where he 7. (attend) a private high school. 8. (study) at Columbia in New York City, he then entered Harvard Law School. This autobiography also touches 9. (heavy) on Obama’s exposure to racism. Readers will find his reflections of childhood 10. (experience) which involved racial discrimination to be especially moving.


Many years ago, my father suffered from a serious heart condition. He was put on _______ disability and was unable to work at a steady job.

However, he wanted to do something to keep himself ______, so he decided to volunteer at the local children ______. My dad loved kids. It was the ______ job for him. He would talk to them and play with them. Sometimes, he would ______ one of these kids. In certain instance, he would tell the sad parents that he would soon be able to ______ their children in heaven and that he would take care of them until they got there. His assurance seemed to help those parents with their ______.

One of these kids was a girl who had been admitted with a rare disease that paralyzed (瘫痪) her from the neck down. She could do ______ and she was very ______. My dad decided to help her. He started ______ her in her room, bringing paints, brushes and paper. He stood the paper up ______ a backing, put the paintbrush in his mouth and began to paint. He didn’t use his ______ at all. All the while he would tell her: See, you can do ______ you set your mind to.

____, she began to paint using her ______, and she and my dad became friends. Soon after, the little girl was discharged (出院) and my dad also left the hospital because he became ______. Sometime later after my dad had ______ and returned to work, he was at the volunteer counter of the hospital one day. He noticed the front door open. In came the little girl who had been paralyzed; only this time she was walking. On seeing my dad, she ______ straight over to him and gave him a ______ she had done using her hands. At the bottom it read: thank you for helping me walk.

My dad would say sometimes love is more powerful than ______, and my dad, who died just a few months after the little girl gave him the picture loved every single child in that hospital.

1.A. permanent    B. temporary    C. mild    D. slight

2.A. confident    B. comfortable    C. wealthy    D. occupied

3.A. center    B. hospital    C. park    D. camp

4.A. normal    B. perfect    C. awkward    D. tiring

5.A. protect    B. teach    C. lose    D. miss

6.A. bury    B. praise    C. spot    D. accompany

7.A. sadness    B. happiness    C. nervousness    D. forgiveness

8.A. anything    B. nothing    C. Everything    D. something

9.A. disappointed    B. bored    C. depressed    D. embarrassed

10.A. visiting    B. observing    C. avoiding    D. contacting

11.A. on    B. in    C. over    D. against

12.A. eyes    B. neck    C. hands    D. head

13.A. whoever    B. whatever    C. wherever    D. whenever

14.A. Gradually    B. Briefly    C. Suddenly    D. Naturally

15.A. hands    B. feet    C. fingers    D. mouth

16.A. better    B. worse    C. healthier    D. fitter

17.A. took out    B. turned away    C. picked up    D. knocked over

18.A. ran    B. wheeled    C. slid    D. turned

19.A. card    B. picture    C. note    D. photo

20.A. words    B. exercise    C. faith    D. medicine


Punctuation (标点) Is for Clarity

When you talk, you do not depend upon words alone to tell your listener what you mean. 1. You shrug a shoulder, raise an eyebrow, clasp hands, bend forward or backward, stamp your foot, nod or shake your head. These body languages may vary from culture to culture but they do help the speakers to convey meanings. 2. You yell or whisper; speak calmly or angrily; lower or raise your voice at the end of a statement or a question. Meaning in talk is also affected by pauses and silence, which are often as significant as words themselves. 3.

Similarly, when we write, we cannot expect words alone to make clear to our reader what we have in mind. The pauses, stresses and gestures which occur in speech must be represented in writing by various marks of punctuation if meaning is to be fully clear. 4.

Punctuation came into existence only for the purpose of making clear the meaning of writing words. Every mark of punctuation is a sort of road sign provided to help the reader along his way.5. It is harmful or ineffective if it interrupts the flow of thought from your mind to that of your readers.

A. Each of us has probably seen a skilled actor convey ideas and moods without using any words at all.

B. The practice of punctuation, however, has been changing in the last two centuries.

C. Facial and body gestures can and do add much to the words themselves.

D. The needs of the eye are quite different from those of the ear.

E. Additionally, the tones and stress of your voice can and do influence the meanings of words you speak.

F. Punctuation began to become standard in the middle of the 19th century.

G. Punctuation is effective if it helps the reader to understand.


You open your eyes and mouth wide if you see a live rat in your bedroom but you wrinkle your nose and narrow your eyes if you see a dead one in the road. Why is that? Facial  expressions are usually thought of as simple tools of communication. But in his book The Expression of the Emotions in Man and Animals, Charles Darwin proposed that they may prepare us to react to different situations when he noticed that some expressions seemed to be used across cultures and even species. Now Joshua Susskind and his colleagues at the University of Toronto, Canada, have put that idea to the test.

Susskind’s team wondered whether the expressions of fear might improve how sensory (感官的) information is acquired and so sharpen senses. Conversely disgust (厌恶) might weaken the senses, sheltering us from unpleasant sights and smells.

The researchers asked volunteers to complete various tests while holding a fearful, disgusted or neutral expression. In one test, they had to identify when a spot entered their sight. In another they were required to shift their focus as quickly as possible between two targets on a computer screen. It was also measured how much air the volunteers breathed in while expressing fear and disgust.

In each case the wide-eyed faces let significantly more of the world in. Volunteers with wide-open eyes detected surrounding objects more quickly and performed side-to-side eye movements faster. They also took in more air with each breath without any extra effort. An MRI (核磁共振) scan showed the nasal cavity (鼻腔) was enlarged while volunteers held this expression, which could be linked with a greater ability to absorb smells.

“These changes confer the idea that fear, for example, is a posture towards sensory sharpening while disgust a posture towards sensory rejection,” says Susskind. His team is already at work on experiments to explore to what extent the brain can use this extra information to enhance performance.

1.Charles Darwin’s book proposed that facial expressions might _____.

A. act as a simple tool of communication

B. get people ready to the changes of circumstances

C. be difficult to understand in different cultures

D. equip people with the knowledge of other species

2.In Joshua Susskind’s research, the researchers _____.

A. wondered whether there existed other expressions of fear

B. wanted subjects to use facial expressions to complete tests

C. wanted to test how much air subjects breathed in normally

D. wondered whether expressions of disgust weakened our senses

3.The underlined sentence in Paragraph 4 means that _____.

A. wide-eyed expressions would help you understand the world better

B. facial expressions might result in faster eye movements

C. wide-eyed expressions would help people breathe in more air

D. facial expressions might help people notice more things around

4.In the last paragraph, what might be the new thinking of facial expressions?

A. They might tell the brain how to make use of the facial information.

B. They might explain why people consider fear as a posture towards sharper senses.

C. They might provide extra information to brains thus enhancing performance.

D. They might clarify the relationship between brain and environments.


Younger students experience school bullying (欺凌) more frequently than older ones, and male students are bullied more than their female peers, a survey found.

It also found that nearly half of students had been intentionally hit or knocked down by classmates. About 6 percent said they are targeted by bullies on campus every day. The survey also found that students from ordinary schools experienced more bullying than peers from key institutions, and children from poor families are more likely to be bullied at school.

Being bullied can have a negative impact on a child’s personal development and academic performance, according to Zhou Jinyan, a researcher who led the study at Beijing Normal University. “Children being bullied will find it hard to trust others,” Zhou said. “They may often feel anxiety, anger, resentment or depression. These emotions will further undermine their ability to control their own life.”

In recent years, bullying on Chinese campuses has been frequently reported and has attracted widespread attention and concern. The most recent incident to arouse heated discussions took place in December at Beijing’s Zhongguancun No.2 Primary School. A fourth-grade student was bullied and laughed at by classmates, causing him acute stress disorder.

The Supreme People’s Procuratorate (最高人民检察院) received about 1,900 cases related to school bullying in 2016. Meanwhile, there was a notable increase in bullying reports involving middle school students from 14 to 18 years old.

Zhou came up with some ways to solve the problem, including boosting communication between teachers, parents and students and trying to establish more harmonious relationships among children. She said it was strongly suggested that parents try to be involved in their children’s educational experience, as their presence and companionship have proved effective in reducing bullying and its negative effects.

1.Who is the most likely to become the target of bullying?

A. A 10-year-old girl from a key school

B. A 10-year-old boy from a poor family

C. A 17-year-old boy from a rich family

D. A 17-year-old girl from an ordinary school

2.Being bullied will cause students to go through the following EXCEPT _____.

A. a drop in academic performance

B. a lack of trust in other people

C. a drop in the sense of depression

D. a lack of confidence in themselves

3.We can learn from the text that _____.

A. bullying at school usually leads to acute stress disorder

B. bullying on campus has been brought into sharp focus by the media

C. students who enjoy parents’ companionship will be bullying-free

D. the government should consider taking further action against bullying at school

4.What can be the best title for the text?

A. Bullying affects half of students

B. Negative effects on children caused by bullying

C. Is anything we can do about bullying?

D. The reasons for bullying on campus


A stylish detective bursts into a secret villa and finds huge amounts of cash in fridges, closets and beds. Meanwhile, the villa’s owner, a government official, crawls on the floor and begs for his life.

This is the dramatic opening scene in China’s latest TV show, In the Name of the People, which made its remarkable first show last month. The series, about China’s anti-corruption (反贪) campaign, has attracted millions of viewers across the country. Some have compared it to the American political drama, House of Cards, which has a huge Chinese following.

In the Name of the People describes the internal power struggle of the Chinese Communist Party in the fictional city of Jingzhou, featuring stories about Chinese politics that are often talked about but never seen on mainstream television.

Viewers have been lapping it up. “This TV drama feels so real. It really cheers people up,” one viewer wrote on social media network Weibo. “I shed tears after watching this drama. This is the tumor of corruption that has been harming the people,” said another Weibo commenter. What makes In the Name of the People remarkable is not just how frankly it describes the ugly side of Chinese politics, but that it also has the blessing of the country’s powerful top prosecutors’ office (最高检察机关).

More than a decade ago, anti-corruption dramas suddenly disappeared from Chinese television. Authorities in 2004 had decided to restrict the production of such dramas as too many were of poor quality. But when Chinese President Xi Jinping took power in 2012 and launched a sweeping campaign against graft (受贿), anti-corruption got back in vogue. In the Name of the People is thus the latest piece, publicizing the government’s victory in its anti-corruption campaign.

At least it does a decent job in entertaining viewers. The author said he aimed to show that corrupt officials were not all “monsters” and were real people, but at the end of the day, the good people always win. “We all badly need heroes, upright law-enforcing heroes like Hou Liangping,” he said.

1.In paragraph 1, the description of the opening scene is used to _____.

A. make a comparison

B. show the style of this drama

C. draw reader’s attention

D. make a conclusion

2.In the Name of the People and House of Cards have something in common because _____.

A. they both have a large group of followers

B. they are both played on mainstream television

C. they both touch political and economic areas

D. they are both supported by the government

3.The purpose of this text is to _____.

A. show different opinions on In the Name of the People

B. analyze government’s policy of anti-corruption

C. compare In the Name of the People with House of Cards

D. introduce the latest TV series In the Name of the People

4.What would be the best title for the text?

A. China Won Victory in Anti-corruption Campaign

B. China embraces TV Corruption Drama

C. How Do TV Series Attract Viewers?

D. Why Are Corruption Dramas Popular?


Countries may be ranked by many various groups, such as how expensive or interesting they are to foreign tourists. They can also be ranked by their openness and friendliness toward visitors. You might be shocked to find out that, for example, the USA is number 102 on the list of the least welcoming places, 140 being the most unfriendly land.


Mongolia was closed for quite some time and opened up to foreigners only 20 years ago. That’s probably the major reason why it is not yet experienced enough in hosting tourists. The country is beautiful, with huge spacious areas of land that are low populated. There local people are not yet used to being visited by foreign guests.


There are, undoubtedly, pluses as well as minuses in every country. Slovakia is not the perfect destination for a couple of reasons. First and foremost, Slovakia is becoming more and more similar to the rest of European countries surrounding it. Sameness is not the best quality. As a rule, tourists want to travel and see things they have never seen before. It is good that the land’s countryside is still unique, although it is also being commercialized day by day.


Iran is not the best place to travel to. It is located close to Pakistan with its negative political atmosphere. Western visitors are not welcome over there and embassies (大使馆) advise against traveling to Iran. The population, contrary to the country’s government, consists of very friendly and welcoming people.


In Kuwait people are warm and friendly. It has a unique history, plenty of traditions and customs. People respect their culture and are very religious. It is a Muslim country, which means that you are not allowed to drink alcohol. If you happen to visit Kuwait during Ramadan, you will not be allowed to eat in public places, either.


Russia is truly a special place. It is definitely worth visiting. What you might not find attractive is the corruption and bureaucracy (官僚主义) that rule in some certain official circles. Another nuisance you should be ready for is that, as a visitor, you’ll be asked to receive an invitation. Only then will you be able to apply for a visa. Once you arrive in Russia, you’ll be warmly greeted and accepted by the local people.

1.You’ll meet friendly people in the following countries except in _____.

A. Iran

B. Kuwait

C. Mongolia

D. Russia

2.Which of the statements is true according to the text?

A. You can apply for a visa for Russia at will.

B. If you’re fond of drinking, then Kuwait is not an ideal destination.

C. You’re not advised to travel in Iran due to its high cost.

D. Mongolia is a beautiful country with much experience in hosting tourists.

3.Where does this passage probably come from?

A. A news report

B. A lecture speech

C. An advertisement

D. A text book



I am a high school student in Grade 3. My parents always expect me to be admitted into a famous university, which makes me very sad. Though I work hard, I find it difficult to live up to their expectations. What shall I do?


1. 表示同情;2. 陈述自己的看法;3. 提出几点建议。


Dear Worried,

I am Li Hua, a seventeen-year-old high school student.








Yours sincerely,

Li Hua








The Dragon Boat Festival has a history of over 2,000 years. There are many tales about their origin. The most popular is that the festival is celebrated in honor of Qu Yuan. Qu Yuan was more concerned about his country but was not understanding by the rulers. Feeling desperately, he jumped into the Miluo River on the 5th day of the 5th lunar month, 278 BC. Before he died, the fishermen sailed their boats to look up for his body. People throw zongzi into the water, hoping to keep fish attacking his body. That’s because people later celebrate the festival through such activity as dragon boat racing and eating zongzi on that special day.


Studying abroad seems to be a global trend these days. A study suggests that more than two thirds of the students studying abroad 1.(influence) by movies in choosing their universities over the past decade. American movies such as A Beautiful Mind set in Princeton. The Social Network in Harvard, and The Graduate in Berkeley, California are playing 2. important part in attracting foreign students to America. The global3.(succeed) of the Harry potter films is considered as a factor in 4.(encourage) overseas students to come to England. Universities in New Zealand have benefited from The Lord of the Rings effect since it was first released.

Films can also be5.(help) to get through difficult situation. In 2009 there was a sharp decline in Indian students choosing Australian universities 6.some reasons So Prateek Chakravorty, a Bollywood director, 7. graduated from Universities of Technology Sydney, made From Sydney With Love about two Indian students falling in love with some of the 8.(building) of Sydney University. By 2014,the number of Indian students in Australia was rising again.

When universities are competing 9.(fierce) for the attention of overseas students, the cinema screen could be a 10.(recognize) way to attract overseas students. Will you pick universities because of Movies?


I still remember my kindergarten teacher Mrs White, although I don’t remember much about what we learned in her class. My mother once told me that we used to______a lot. And I would bring back what I wrote and she could see there were so many ______. But no red corrections. And always a star. Sometimes _______ a “Good”,which would make my heart soar (高涨)with _______, But it worried my mother, so one day when she met Mrs White, she asked her why she never_______ the wrong spellings of words.

Mrs White replied,“The children are just beginning to get ______about using words, about forming sentences. I don’t want to ______that enthusiasm with red ink. Spelling and grammar can wait. The wonder of words won’t…”Maybe she didn’t say it ____ like that. It was long ago. But I did grow up learning to use words with loving_____ like that.

I _____now and think Mrs Whites was a rather ______ teacher. She encouraged the joy,_____ and excitement of expression-however faultily-like that. I used to_____ “beautiful” a lot. Never could I quite remember that the “e”went ____ the “a”. ____ my teacher in high school very much._____ eventually the e’s and a’s settled into their ____ places. I am glad I didn’t ____ on them though. “Pretty” is_____ to spell but it doesn’t hold as much as you mean sometimes. And thanks to Mrs White, I had no ____ about writing what I meant even if I couldn’t quite spell it out. Because life isn’t Pretty. It’s Beautiful.

1.A. listen    B. speak    C. write    D. read

2.A. marks    B. stars    C. words    D. mistakes

3.A. even    B. naturally    C. especially    D. particularly

4.A. happiness    B. sadness    C. discouragement    D. disappointment

5.A. found    B. corrected    C. ignored    D. remembered

6.A. worried    B. excited    C. anxious    D. nervous

7.A. keep    B. create    C. stop    D. make

8.A. really    B. carefully    C. totally    D. exactly

9.A. fear    B. confidence    C. pride    D. content

10.A. look forward    B. look after    C. look back    D. look for

11.A. extraordinary    B. strict    C. hardworking    D. careless

12.A. delight    B. wonder    C. relief    D. satisfaction

13.A. mistake    B. misuse    C. misunderstand    D. misspell

14.A. behind    B. after    C. before    D. below

15.A. annoyed    B. pleased    C. frightened    D. confused

16.A. So    B. But    C. And    D. Or

17.A. right    B. wrong    C. good    D. bad

18.A. stand    B. keep    C. wait    D. rely

19.A. funnier    B. harder    C. nicer    D. easier

20.A. interests    B. hope    C. worries    D. sadness


Being Left-handed in a Right-handed World

The world is designed for right-handed people, but why does a tenth of the population prefer the left? 1.

The answer to it remains a bit of a mystery. Since scientists have noticed that left-handedness tends to run in families, it’s assumed that left-handedness has a genetic(基因的) component to it. 2. In fact, identical twins, who share the same genes, can sometimes prefer to use different hands. There are also plenty of theories on what else might determine which hand you write with, but many experts believe that it’s kind of random.

Historically, the left side and left-handedness have been considered a negative thing by many cultures. 3. In some areas, the left hand became known as the “unclean” hand. In many religions, the right hand of God is the favored hand. For example, Jesus sits at God’s right side. God’s left hand, however, is the hand of judgement. Various activities and experiences become rude or even signs of bad luck when the left hand becomes involved. In some parts of Scotland, it is considered bad luck to meet a left-handed person at the start of a journey. 4.A person giving directions will put their left hand behind them and even physically try to point with their right hand if necessary. In some Asian countries, eating with the left hand is considered impolite.

5.People come to realize that left-handedness is natural. People even noticed that many famous people are left-handed, including Benjamin Franklin, Leonardo Da Vinci, and Charlie Chaplin. Some researchers find out that lefties are more creative and can deal with abstract thinking better. The left-handedness is more easily adaptable to the right-handed world as well. Being left-handed is no longer a sad story now; instead, it is a wonderful gift or maybe it is something you should take pride in.

A.In other words, left-handers are born that way.

B.Left-handedness used to be regarded as a disability.

C.The unfavorable associations of the use of the left hand among cultures are varied.

D.Why do they prefer to use their left hand rather than their right hand for ro-utine activities?

E. Why do some parents force their left-handed children to become right-handed       when writing?

F. In Ghana, pointing, gesturing, giving or receiving items with the left hand is considered rude.

G. Fortunately, nowadays most societies and cultures no longer reject left-handedness like before.


A 2 billion year old Martian (火星的rock appeals to have at our time been full of water from the surface of the Red Planet.

“Here we have a piece of Mars that I can hold in my hands. That’s really exciting,” Carl Agee, director of the Institute of Meteoritics at the University of New Mexico, told the Associated Press.

Agee led a team of scientists who published their report on the newly discovered meteorite (陨石),nicknamed Black Beauly, The rock is estimated to have contained 6,000 parts per million water? and scientists believe it likely interacted with water at a time when most of the planet’s surface was believed to have been arid.

The baseball-size rock was discovered in the Sahara, and scientists say it contains more evidence of water than any of the other known Martian rock samples.

“It’s fairly fresh. It hasn’t been subjected to a whole lot of weathering (风化作用),” University of Alberta meteorite expert Chris Herd told the AP.

Billions of years ago an eruption on the surface of Mars, likely caused by a volcano or planet collision, sent the rock into space, where it eventually made the journey to Earth, Agee and his team said the sample is “strikingly similar to the volcanic rocks examined by the NASA rovers Spirit and Opportunity on the Martian surface.”

Over the years, scientists have collected more than 60 Martian rock samples, with most being discovered in the Sahara and Antarctica. The new sample is much older than most of the other specimens, which are about 600 million years old or younger. The oldest known sample is an estimated 4.5 billion years old.

1.The underlined word “it”in Paragraph 3 refers to “           ”.

A. Mara    B. the Red Planet

C. Black Beauty    D. the report

2.Where was the meteorite found?

A. In the Sahara.    B. In Antarctica.

C. In Mars.    D. In America.

3.Which of the following is NOT true according to the passage?

A. Black Beauty has the size of a baseball.

B. Blank Beauty contains the most evidence of water among the known Martian rock samples.

C. An eruption on the surface of Mars sent the rock into Earth directly.

D. Black Beauty is not the oldest known sample.

4.Where can we most probably read this text?

A. In a personal diary.    B. In a science report.

C. In a travel magazine.    D. In a geography textbook.


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