Single-sex schools are better than mixed schools

Message 1 — posted by Jane, Amsterdam

I think mixed-sex schools are the only way for children to learn, because it's natural. In higher education and their working life, they will be mixed so it makes sense for them to be mixed at school. School should reflect the real world.

Message 2 — posted by Hans, Germany

My reaction to this is very clear. For me, single-sex schools are much better, and the statistics show that they get better exam results, particularly at secondary level. Anything which helps children pass exams must be a good thing.

Message 3 — posted by Bill, USA

Boys and girls learn in very different ways. I feel that they should be educated separately so teachers can focus on their different needs. The way I see it is that if you have a zoo, you don't put the lions in with the zebras!

Message 4 — posted by Martin, London

My view on this is that it doesn't really matter. What is important is the curriculum (课程), and keeping students interested. I was a teacher and we had a lot of truancy (逃学) to deal with, and problems with students missing lessons because they found them boring. Never have a timetable with Maths as the first class on Monday morning!

Message 5 — posted by Emily, Sydney

I don't think there is any question that mixed schools are better. There is too much competition at single-sex schools, which often means that students don't make enough progress. I also think there is more bullying (欺凌) at single-sex schools, where children are picked on because of the increased competition. Single-sex schools lead to a “dog eat dog” situation.

1.What is Jane's attitude towards single-sex schools?

A. Negative.    B. Favorable.

C. Objective.    D. Unconcerned.

2.Both Hans and Bill hold that _____.

A. boys and girls should be taught separately

B. teachers should meet students' different needs

C. schools should focus on students' exam results

D. mixed schools are better than single-sex schools

3.Martin stresses the importance of _____.

A. school management

B. students' time awareness

C. training students to obey rules

D. exciting students' interest in courses

4.Emily uses “dog eat dog” to show _____.

A. her support for single-sex schools

B. students' determined effort to succeed

C. the fierce competition in single-sex schools

D. the better education results in single-sex schools

 

Valcamonica has one of the largest collections of rock drawings in the world. There have been about 200,000 figures and symbols carved into the rocks over a time period of approximately 8,000 years. Valcamonica's pictures show various scenes and are connected through common themes like magic, war, navigation and agriculture.

The rock drawings discovered in Valcamonica were the first prehistoric symbols of their kind recognized anywhere in the world. UNESCO first recognized the drawings in 1979 when about 140,000 were discovered, however, since then many more have been uncovered.

These drawings are spread all across the valley. The carvings began to taper off during the Iron Age and fewer appeared after that. The last period has been attributed to (归功于……)  the Camunni people. Still there are drawings that have been identified as being from the 19th century. Many of these were created using the technique of engraving (雕刻).

Some of the figures discovered in Valcamonica have been superimposed (叠印) without any order, but in most cases they appear in logical orders and also explain the relationship between each picture or symbol to tell a story.

The first known modern report of the rock carvings was in 1909 when Walther Laeng happened upon two decorated rocks in Capo di Ponte. Scholars only took interest in the drawings in the 1920s. More rocks with engravings were soon found in the areas nearby and research into their history began. In the 1930s comprehensive study campaigns were undertaken.

It was after the Second World War that the cataloging and mapping of the engravings began. This task was taken up by various teams of experts from Italy and other countries that were led by Laeng. In 1955 preservation work on the rocks began.

In 1968, a large series of conferences were held where scholars from all over the world met to discuss the rock drawings, which give us some idea of what various societies of the past might have been like.

1.What do we know about Valcamonica's pictures?

A. They tell a long whole story.

B. They are interrelated in some ways.

C. They were carved 8,000 years ago.

D. They were first discovered in 1979.

2.The underlined part “taper off” in Paragraph 3 can best be replaced by “_____”.

A. turn up    B. go up    C. die out    D. stand out

3.What is Paragraph 5 mainly about?

A. The history of the rock drawings.

B. The features of the rock drawings.

C. The discovery of the rock drawings.

D. The formation of the rock drawings.

4.Studies of the rock drawings _____.

A. show us the development of art

B. started after the Second World War

C. were conducted by scholars from UNESCO

D. help us know something about societies of the past

 

Meet Ben Saunders: adventurer, athlete, motivational speaker. Ben, at the age of 23, was the youngest man to ski solo (单人滑雪) to the North Pole. He dragged a 180-kilogramme sledge (雪橇) over 1,420 miles through the worst Arctic conditions. This year, as well as planning a return to the Arctic, Ben plans to ski solo from the Antarctic coast to the South Pole and back in the autumn, carrying all his supplies on his sledge.

Ben Saunders was fired after persuading the firm to support his disorganized first adventure. “Everything that could go wrong did go wrong. We were attacked by a bear. We started running out of food. It was just desperate. And we didn't get to the Pole; we didn't get there, so we had no media interest. No one heard about it: no book deal, and no speaking. I was so unhappy.”

People said it was impossible for me to get to the Pole. I said, “No, I can get there,” and I did. Self-belief, I see it as being a bit like a muscle — it's my belief that the more you stretch (伸展) yourself the stronger it gets. If you never do anything that's uncomfortable or risky then your self-belief gets weaker. So that's one of the lessons I've figured out along the way. The thing that I've stretched and tested is my self-belief.

“My Antarctic adventure is just practicable and that's what is exciting to me. If I knew it was possible, if I knew I could do it without too much bother, I wouldn't be interested.” Why? “Personally I'm attracted by the human performance element to it. Not that long ago, running a marathon was seen as the top point of human attempt, and now I wouldn't be that surprised if my mum said she was going to run one next year.”

People's horizons (见识) are changing. “I'm not particularly gifted, and I'm absolutely average. I've just chosen this one goal to achieve and I've been working hard to realize it. That's it. And that's the thing that attracts me: with enough training and enough determination, enough focus and preparation, how far can we go? And I don't think I've found out yet.”

1.What do we know about Ben Saunders' first adventure?

A. There was no press coverage.

B. It was supported by his company.

C. It was well planned and organized.

D. He actually reached the North Pole.

2.According to Ben Saunders, if you want to stretch your self-belief, you should _____.

A. often test your confidence    B. try something adventurous

C. aim to reach the North Pole    D. always stretch your muscles

3.Ben Saunders was excited about his Antarctic adventure because _____.

A. he liked running a marathon

B. he wanted to exercise his body

C. he knew it might be achievable

D. he was sure he could do it easily

4.What can we learn from the last paragraph?

A. We have to change our views about adventure.

B. We can never know our possibilities and energies.

C. We should have a reason for going on an adventure.

D. We have to be especially talented to have an adventure.

 

Lindha was a student at Kansas State University. She is here to tell us about her time in Kansas in the city of Manhattan.

What were the best things about it?

Manhattan has a great university feel to it. I loved going to the football games. We would spend the whole day tailgating (开车尾派对) outside the stadium, drinking beer and having a big barbecue.

What do you think of the people there?

People from Kansas are so friendly. However, I'd say that many Kansans are very sheltered and don't pay much attention to life outside the US. But as the grandma of my Kansan friend might say, “We're still sweet as pie.”

What were the worst things about being there?

It's very difficult to get around Kansas without a car. Everything's so spread out and there isn't really a public transportation system.

What was the funniest thing that happened while you were there?

I remember one trip I took with my friend to her grandparents' house. They had horses and asked me if I wanted to go for a ride. I had never ridden a horse before but I decided to have a try. I hopped (跳上) on and everything was fine for a minute. But then the horse went crazy. It started bucking (猛然弯背跃起) and making these crazy noises. I thought I was going to die. My friend eventually calmed the horse down but not before I had destroyed an entire section of the fence. I thought they would be mad but they were just in shock — they couldn't believe I had stayed on the horse for that long.

Did you have any other problems?

I'm Swedish, but my English is pretty good because my dad's English. But it took a little while to get used to the accent. The people from the cities don't have a strong accent, but the people from the country are hard to understand sometimes. You also have to be careful with the weather. In the winter it was absolutely freezing, and during the summer it was so hot I thought I might die. Of course, they have heating and air conditioning everywhere.

1.What's Lindha's impression about people in Kansas?

A. They are kind but unhappy.

B. They are nice but isolated.

C. They are patient and amusing.

D. They are honest and generous.

2.What do we know about Lindha's horse riding experience?

A. She fell off the horse's back.

B. She finally got the horse under control.

C. She was brave but destroyed part of a fence.

D. She had a wonderful and unforgettable experience.

3.We learn from the text that Lindha _____.

A. doesn't like the weather in Kansas

B. speaks English with a Swedish accent

C. speaks highly of the transportation system in Kansas

D. doesn't like the school life in Kansas State University

 

假定你是某中学英文报编辑李华,学校将举行一次50周年校庆作品展示(exhibition),请你用英文写一则作品征集启事。要点如下:

1.作品主题:反映校园生活,表达祝福;

2.作品形式:诗词、照片、画作等;

3.截止日期:9月1日。

注意:

1.词数100左右;

2.可以适当增加细节,以使行文连贯;

3.开头和结尾已为你写好,不计入总词数。

With the 50th anniversary of our school approaching___________________ ____________________________

_____________________________________________________________________________________________

_____________________________________________________________________________________________

_____________________________________________________________________________________________

_____________________________________________________________________________________________

_____________________________________________________________________________________________

____________________________________________

 

假定你是李华。你是学生会主席。你校将于5月25—30日在广州沙面举行龙舟赛 (Dragon Boat Race)。请根据以下内容给姐妹学校剑桥中学(Cambridge High School)写一封邀请信。

(1)写信目的

(2)活动时间、地点和意义

(3)回复时间:2017年4月15日前 

注意:

1.词数100左右;

2.可以适当增加细节, 以使行文连贯;

3.开头语已为你写好。

 

假定英语课上老师要求同桌之间交换修改作文请你修改你同桌写的以下作文。文中共有10处语言错误每句中最多有两处。每处错误仅涉及一个单词的增加、删除或修改。

增加在缺词处加一个漏字符号()并在其下面写出该加的词。

删除把多余的词用斜线( \ )划掉。

修改在错词下划一横线并在该词下面写出修改后的词。

注意1. 每处错误及其修改均仅限一词;

2. 只允许修改10处多者(从第11处起)不计分。

 

Getting rid of the bad habit of procrastination (拖延症) is now my goal in life. My first step was to set small targets what can be reached realistically. For example, I plan to set a timetable for my study. So after school, I will put finishing homework in the last place. Additionally, I will make a list of my important task including their due dates but follow my schedule strictly. I will avoid find excuses for putting them off. At same time, I will ask for my friends and parents to help me. By achieving this small targets, I have confident that I will overcome procrastination.

 

 

My doorbell rings at 11 am. On the step, I find an elderly Chinese lady holding the hand of a little boy. In her other hand 1.(be) a paper bag. She is the little boy’s grandmother, and her daughter, Nicole, bought 2. house next door last October. Nicole has 3.(obvious) told her mother that I am having a heart operation shortly, and the result is that her mother has decided 4.(supply) me with meals.

I know what is inside the paper bag — a bottle of hot soup and a 5.(contain) with a meal of rice, vegetables and meat. It’s become a daily occurrence.

Communication 6. us is somewhat difficult because she doesn’t speak English and all I can say in Chinese is hello. Once, she brought an iPad as well as the food. She pointed to the screen, 7.showed at message from her daughter telling me that her mother wanted to know 8. the food was all right for me.

So here we are, two grandmothers, neither of 9.(we) able to speak the other’s language but communicating one way or another (with some help from technology). The doorbell keeps 10.(ring) and there is the familiar brown paper bag, handed smilingly to me.

 

Sarah lived on a farm with her family. She was _______ to learn to track, to identify each person and where they were going by the marks they left on the ground. And if her father couldn’t teach her, she’d teach herself.

To the _________ of her family, she borrowed all their _________ and taught herself to recognize everyone’s footprints in the sand. More than once her father came outside shouting, “Sarah, bring me _________ my boots. ”

Sarah developed the habit of walking around with her eyes fixed on the ground, _________ the comings and goings of every _________in the place.

She also developed the annoying habit of _________ everyone. What were you doing down at the dam, Jack? You’re not ___________ to play there. ” “Did you find what you were _________ in the garage, Auntie?” and “Who was the stranger visiting today wearing size ten boots, Mum?”

After she’d ____________ every pair of shoes that everyone __________, she turned to the farm’s animals. By this time __________ her victims had to admit, __________, that she was good.

Her best ____________ came one evening when she said the horse’s front foot was __________. Her father said that the horse was __________ fine. Sarah ______________ that its hoof (蹄)had a split. Sarah’s father __________ the horse’s hoof.

“You’re ______________. The hoof is split. How did you know?”

“You can see it in its ____________. ’’ Sarah moved the horse away. “Look, it’s plain in the sand. ’’

“If you can tell it has a split hoof from that sand, you’re pretty good,” said her father.

1.A. determined    B. forced    C. appointed    D. encouraged

2.A. expectation    B. annoyance    C. disappointment    D. delight

3.A. shoes    B. books    C. socks    D. tools

4.A. up    B. outside    C. over    D. back

5.A. guiding    B. hearing    C. studying    D. predicting

6.A. vehicle    B. person    C. animal    D. season

7.A. surprising    B. criticising    C. questioning    D. challenging

8.A. prepared    B. invited    C. qualified    D. allowed

9.A. calling for    B. looking for    C. waiting for    D. fighting for

10.A. worn    B. collected    C. destroyed    D. memorised

11.A. owned    B. borrowed    C. tried    D. bought

12.A. yet    B. even    C. also    D. still

13.A. guiltily    B. approvingly    C. merrily    D. unwillingly

14.A. performance    B. trick    C. magic    D. idea

15.A. tied    B. lost    C. injured    D. stolen

16.A. safely    B. extremely    C. hardly    D. perfectly

17.A. doubted    B. wondered    C. insisted    D. discovered

18.A. inspected    B. split    C. treated    D. fastened

19.A. lying    B. joking    C. right    D. crazy

20.A. boots    B. tracks    C. jumps    D. hoofs

 

 

We’ve all experienced peer pressure (同伴压力). It happens to everybody. However, people have different reactions. Confident people refuse to do things they don’t want to do, but shy and anxious people often give in. It may be because they want to be liked. It may be because they worry that their friends will make fun of them, or perhaps they’re just curious about trying something new. 1.

It’s hard being the only one who says no and the question is: how do you do it? 2. If you think that missing maths, or smoking, or going somewhere you know your parents wouldn’t like is a bad idea then the answer is simple: don’t do it. It’s your decision, nobody else’s. You don’t need to be aggressive. You don’t need to shout and scream, but you must be confident and you must be firm. You need to say, “No thanks. I don’t want to do that.”

Being on your own against everybody else is very hard, so it can really help to have at least one other peer, or friend, who will say no too. 3. You want friends who will support you when you’re in trouble. You don’t want people who will always agree with the majority. Remember, the most popular people aren’t always the most trustworthy.

4. — You can learn a lot from people your own age. They can teach you great football skills or the best way to do your maths homework. They can recommend music and advise you on fashion. And don’t forget you can tell them things too, and that always feels great. So, find friends who have similar interests. And remember, friendship isn’t about feeling depressed and guilty. 5.

A. Choose your friends carefully.

B. Firstly, you must decide what you believe in.

C. It’s about sharing experiences and having fun.

D. Of course, peer pressure isn’t completely bad.

E. It may be because they were all born to be stubborn.

F. Depression and guilt will surely give you peer pressure.

G. Whatever the reason, some people end up doing things they really don’t want to.

 

Persuasion is the art of convincing someone to agree with you. According to the ancient Greeks, there are three basic tools of persuasion : ethos, pathos, and logos.

Ethos is a speaker’s way of convincing the audience that she is trustworthy, honest and reliable. One common way a speaker can develop ethos is by explaining how much experience or education she has in the field. After all, you’re more likely to listen to advise about how to take care of your teeth from a dentist than a fireman. A speaker can also create ethos by convincing the audience that she is a good person. If an audience cannot trust you, you will not be able to persuade them.

Pathos is a speaker’s way of connecting with an audience’s emotions. For example, a politician who is trying to convince an audience to vote for him might say that he alone can save the country from a terrible war. These words are intended to fill the audience with fear, thus making them support him. Similarly, an animal charity might show an audience pictures of injured dogs and cats, to make the viewers feel pity. If the audience feels bad for the animals, they will be more likely to donate money.

Logos is the use of facts, statistics, or other evidence to support your argument. An audience will be more likely to believe you if you have convincing data to back up your claims. Presenting this evidence is much more persuasive than simply saying “believe me”.

Although ethos, pathos, and logos all have their strengths, they are often most effective when used together. Indeed, most speakers use a combination of ethos, pathos, and logos to persuade their audiences. So, the next time you listen to a speech, watch a commercial, or listen to a friend try to convince you to lend him some money, be on the lookout for these ancient Greek tools of persuasion.

1.Why does the author say persuasion is an art?

A. They both entertain the audience.

B. They both require great skill to achieve.

C. They both demand full attention from the audience.

D. They were both common topics of ancient Greek writers.

2.How is a speaker able to show her ethos to the audience?

A. By expressing her sympathy with the audience.

B. By telling the audience about her personal preference.

C. By using beautiful language to make her statements attractive.

D. By showing her knowledge and experience relating to the topic.

3.What can we learn about the three aspects of persuasion?

A. Ethos is the most important aspect of persuasion.

B. Each aspect has a different effect on the audience.

C. Honesty is the key to making your arguments believable.

D. Political leaders mostly use pathos to persuade their audience.

4.An advertisement for washing powder which claims that M scientific tests show that our powder kills 95% of all bacteria” is mainly using _________.

A. ethos    B. pathos    C. logos    D. a combination of all three

 

Bill Gates recently predicted that online learning will make place-based colleges less significant, and five years from now, students will be able to find the best lectures in the world online. I applaud Mr. Gates. But what’s taking us so long?

As early as 1997, MIT(麻省理工) decided to post videos of all university lectures online. for free, for all people. But today, how many students have you met who mastered advanced mathematics or nuclear physics from an MIT online video? Unfortunately, the answer is not many. The problem is the poor quality of online education websites and the experience they provide to students. Those who go to the MIT website and watch courses online are surely very smart people, but it’s not like playing a video game such as World of Warcraft. Only the most ardent students, those who are highly motivated, will devote themselves to studying these boring online videos.

The real question is why we aren’t spending more to develop better online education platforms. Where is the Avatar of education? Think about this. The market for Hollywood films per year is worth around 30 billion USD. Education in the world is a trillion-dollar-a-year market, hundreds of times bigger than Hollywood movies. Yet the most expensive digital learning system ever built cost well under 100 million dollars.

Bill Gates’ prediction is going to happen. There is no doubt about it. But it will only happen when we create high level educational content and experiences that engage and excite more than has ever been possible in the real world.

1.What has Bill Gates forecast about online learning?

A. It will concentrate on physics lectures

B. It will completely replace real universities

C. It will help to make universities more successful

D. It will play an increasingly important role in education

2.What does the underlined word “ardent” in Paragraph 3 mean?

A. Creative    B. Enthusiastic

C. Well-behaved    D. Experienced

3.According to the author, what is holding back the popularity of online learning?

A. The lack of lectures available online

B. The high cost of access to the websites

C. The low standard of educational websites

D. The competition with online computer games

4.Why does the author mention Hollywood?

A. To show that Hollywood produces many successful movies

B. To prove that education is more profitable than entertainment

C. To argue that movie directors should produce educational content

D. To urge that more money be spent developing educational websites

 

Dujiangyan is the oldest man-made water system in the world, and a wonder in the development of Chinese science. Built over 2,200 years ago in what is now Sichuan Province in Southwest China, this amazing engineering achievement is still used today to irrigate over 6,000 square kilometres of farmland, take away floodwater and provide water for 50 cities in the province.

In ancient times, the region in which Dujiangyan now stands suffered from regular floods caused by overflow from the Minjiang River. To help the victims of the flooding, Li Bing, the region governor, together with his son, decided to find a solution. They studied the problem and discovered that the river most often overflowed when winter snow at the top of the nearby Mount Yulei began to melt as the weather warmed.

The simplest fix was to build a dam, but this would have ruined the Minjiang River. So instead Li designed a series of channels built at different levels along Mount Yulei that would take away the floodwater while leaving the river flowing naturally. Better still, the extra water could be directed to the dry Chengdu Plain, making it suitable for farming.

Cutting the channels through the hard rock of Mount Yulei was a remarkable accomplishment as it was done long before the invention gunpowder and explosives. Li Bing found another solution. He used a combination of fire and water to heat and cool the rocks until they cracked and could be removed. After eight years of work, the 20-metre-wide canals had been carved through the mountain.

Once the system was finished, no more floods occurred and the people were able to live peacefully and affluently. Today, Dujiangyan is admired by scientists from around the world because of one feature. Unlike modern dams where the water is blocked with a huge wall, Dujiangyan still lets water flow through the Minjiang River naturally, enabling ecosystems and fish populations to exist in harmony.

1.What are the benefits of Dujiangyan according to the first paragraph?

A. Reducing flooding and watering farmland.

B. Protecting the mountain and reducing flooding.

C. Watering farmland and improving water quality.

D. Drying the river and supplying cities with water.

2.What was the main cause of the Minjiang Rivers flooding?

A. Heavy rains.    B. Melting snow.

C. Low river banks.    D. Steep mountains.

3.How was Li Bing able to break through the rocks of Mount Yulei?

A. By using gunpowder.

B. By flooding the rocks with water.

C. By applying a heating and cooling technique.

D. By breaking the rocks with hammers and spades.

4.Why is Dujiangyan greatly admired by scientists today?

A. It preserves much of the natural river life.

B. It took very little time to complete the project.

C. The building techniques used were very modem.

D. It has raised the living standards of the local people.

 

Inside the Rain Room

The Rain Room has arrived and local art lovers are taking notice. Is it worth the wait? Yes, I assure you it is. Once inside, visitors find a long, dark room with a high ceiling. A single bright light shines through heavy rain falling around visitors. The mist. The damp air. The noise. It feels like a mighty storm is pouring down. But the storm is inside. And visitors aren’t getting wet. Instead, visitors wander in awe, admiring the rain and the artists who created it.

The Rain Room was created to highlight the connection between humans, nature and technology. With a tracking system that senses movement and stops the rain wherever visitors move, it does just that. Light and sound produce an experience that feels both natural and foreign. The exhibit is moving on to Atlanta next month. I urge you to visit before then. It’s time to experience the Rain Room for yourself!

 

Welcome to the Rain Room

• The Rain Room features falling water. Please be aware you may get slightly wet. However, visitors wearing raincoats will be turned away.

• This exhibit features advanced technology. To ensure its effectiveness, please avoid wearing dark or reflective clothing.

• Visitors are welcome to take photographs of the exhibit.

• Children must be accompanied by an adult.

• For the convenience of all guests, visits are limited to 10 minutes.

 

1.What’s the purpose of the text?

A. To attract visitors to a new art exhibit.

B. To explain how an exhibit has been created.

C. To describe the technology used in the exhibit.

D. To promote the artists taking part in an exhibit.

2.What’s the function of the exhibit’s tracking system?

A. To keep visitors from getting wet.

B. To protect the exhibit from water damage.

C. To time how long visitors are in the room.

D. To count the number of visitors in the room.

3.What must you do when visiting the Rain Room?

A. Wear a raincoat.

B. Wear dark clothing.

C. Leave your camera outside.

D. Pass through within 10 minutes.

 

假如你是红星中学学生会主席李华。你了解到你校国际部学生对“全国戏曲进校园”活动(national opera on campus)很感兴趣,且学校决定承办一次戏剧演出。请你用英文给国际部的学生写封邮件告知此事。邮件内容包括:

  1.说明事由;

  2.演出信息(时间、地点等);

   3.欢迎参加。

注意:1.词数100左右;

2.可适当增加细节,以使行文连贯;

3.开头已给出,不计入总词数。

Hello, everybody!

I am president of the Student Union in our school_____ ____________________________________________

_________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

                                                                              Yours sincerely,

                                                                                     Li Hua

 

假定英语课上老师要求同桌之间交换修改作文,请你修改你同桌写的以下作文。文中共有10处语言错误,每句中最多有两处。错误涉及一个单词的增加、删除或修改。

增加:在缺词处加一个漏字符号(),并在其下面写出该加的词。

删除:把多余的词用斜线(\)划掉。

修改:在错的词下画一横线,并在该词下面写出修改后的词。

注意:1.每处错误及其修改均仅限一词;

2.只允许修改10处,多者(从第11处起)不计分。

One day on my way to school, I went to buy the pancake in a food store, leave my bag on the table while waiting. With the pancake ready, and I paid for it, took “my bag” on the table, and hurriedly headed to school.

Seating in the classroom, I was about to take my books out while suddenly I became frozen. It was not my bag! I took the bag for mistake! What surprised me most was there was a large sum of money in it. Calming me down, I turned to the teacher for help.

At that time, I come to understand the true meaning of being honestly.

 

 

On my way back from the city, I was in the underground. A couple,1.child was young, came in on one of the stops. The young man opposite to me got up and sat somewhere else. There were many seats available2.no three seats were together, so he left his place willingly so that the family could sit together.

Seeing that, I thought 3.I should do was show my gratitude, so I reached for one of my little “shine” cards and wrote at the back “You are kind. Thank you”. I gave the card to the young man 4.a smile. He accepted it and said “Thank you.”

He was sure to feel5. (delight), because I noticed that the card6.(keep) in his hands for a while we were travelling together in silence. Later before 7.(get) off the underground, he came closer and, with a bigger smile, 8.(say) “Thank you very much for this. Have a lovely day.”

9.through this experience did I have a deeper understanding of the true meaning of kindness. Sometimes just a small thing can make a big difference, bringing convenience and 10. (warm) to people around us.

 

Recently, my family and I attended a neighborhood oyster(牡蛎)roast. I was more than glad that many people _________together there.

While standing at the large tables_______and eating oysters, I noticed a school-aged boy across the_______from us who was being handed oysters by a _______. Obviously, the boy was having a great deal of _______and displeasure trying to _______them down.

At the beginning, I thought the man wanted the boy to _______the oysters and maybe after some time they would stop._______things were not what I had expected. As we stood there, it continued. With each oyster, the_______of this boy became more and more obvious as he ________tears, struggling to swallow them. I__________learned that the man felt the boy had been disrespectful and this was his________.

Seeing that, I stopped chatting and eating oysters and ________whether to get involved or walk away at first. But then I thought that if the boy were my own child, what should I do? Suddenly a good idea________me. I grabbed(抓住) my daughter and our Frisbee(飞盘)and made our way ________the man and the boy. We introduced ourselves, ________not to know many people there, and invited the boy to come and play Frisbee with us.

The man stared at us for a moment, and then ________it. Immediately the boy’s situation changed. He became ________ and talkative. We pulled another child into our group and played Frisbee for a good 30 minutes together.

It brought me much ________to end the suffering I was witnessing at the moment, and I was fully ________that trying to help in that or any situation where you see suffering is the best thing to do.

1.A. quarreled    B. laughed    C. gathered    D. left

2.A. dancing    B. chatting    C. playing    D. singing

3.A. table    B. room    C. chair    D. desk

4.A. friend    B. relative    C. father    D. man

5.A. fun    B. convenience    C. interest    D. difficulty

6.A. swallow    B. drink    C. bring    D. throw

7.A. smell    B. test    C. try    D. avoid

8.A. Thus    B. But    C. So    D. Indeed

9.A. excitement    B. suffering    C. eagerness    D. skillfulness

10.A. fought back    B. held on    C. backed off    D. slipped away

11.A. also    B. just    C. later    D. already

12.A. award    B. reward    C. return    D. punishment

13.A. chose    B. expected    C. hesitated    D. prepared

14.A. beat    B. struck    C. defeated    D. won

15.A. apart from    B. by way of    C. in the front of    D. next to

16.A. pretending    B. wishing    C. deciding    D. intending

17.A. allowed    B. refused    C. agreed    D. thought

18.A. serious    B. shy    C. worried    D. friendly

19.A. interest    B. argument    C. relief    D. confusion

20.A. warned    B. convinced    C. reminded    D. informed

 

 

Gain Self-Confidence and Better Health

Nothing could be more hurtful when you are deeply troubled by one simple question, have you put on?! Well, this can take away your night’s sleep and day’s peace and put you in a restless state. 1.So follow these daily habits and save yourself some trouble.

Control your food intaking. No wonder it is very hard to have control over the food habits, when those large pizzas and big burgers are available at your doorstep. Control your food intaking! The sooner, the better.2.Go for it! Cheers!

3.A glass of water followed by an early morning walk can jump-start your day. Blood circulation is well controlled by exercise and all the hormones(荷尔蒙)start flowing in the right directions. That’s wow!

Socialize. You may not be good at it, but it shouldn’t stop you from socializing. You might as well find a stranger, equally bad at it. You may have a long run with him/her. 4.These are few of the many things that are to be done to socialize. This will increase the overall self-confidence which will be clearly reflected in your routines.

Plan your day out. Give yourself 10 minutes at the start of every morning. Plan your day out in that time. At the same time, have a goal for the day. You may not achieve it every day, but you will have a purpose. 5.Round them up and plan for a better tomorrow. I wish you good luck!

A. Get moving.

B. Make new friends.

C. It might affect your confidence as well.

D. Start conversations, smile, and talk to strangers.

E. A proper schedule and a reasonable aim help make an effective day.

F. It’s proven that a healthy diet reduces stress and cheers you up.

G. A good goal gives the body time to recover from the day’s mental and physical workout.

 

Many of us recognize that familiar feeling of eagerly tearing open a carefully wrapped gift box, only to find a terrible woolen sweater. But what makes a good gift? The answer is very different, depending on whether you ask the gift giver or receiver.

A study published this month in Current Directions highlights the disconnection between the gifts we actually want and the ones we want to give, and offers some insights that may come in handy this holiday shopping season.

Psychologists have long known that we often struggle to predict other people’s preferences, and according to study co-author Elanor Williams, a marketing professor at Indiana University Bloomington, our ego(自我) may be to blame.

As gift givers, we tend to focus on the gift exchange itself, eagerly anticipating(期待)the warm feeling we get when we see the other person’s face light up with joy on opening our present. However, gift receivers focus more on the gift itself: Is it useful? Is it wanted?

Williams says the best strategy may be to simply ask people what they want. “There’s a misconception that the best-received gifts are the ones that are unexpected, but that’s just not true,” he explains. “The best-received gifts are the ones that best match what the receiver actually desires.”

Research on gift giving may feel a little dull, but as Williams points out, gift giving is something we do all the time. He adds that it plays an important social role—giving gifts can help us cater for (迎合) others and strength social bonds. There is also a more practical reason to up our gift-giving game—every holiday season, we shell out(支付) hundreds of billions of dollars on presents. “If we’re dong that,” he says, “We might as well get it right.”

1.What do we know about Current Directions?

A. It may be a magazine about psychological science.

B. It may be an advertisement about holiday shopping.

C. It may be a commercial report about people’s preferences.

D. It may be a wall newspaper in a shopping community.

2.In which case can the gift be regarded as the best-received one?

A. My friend gave me a ticket for a film but I was too busy to see it.

B. I bought a favorite book but a friend sent me another copy of it.

C. My aunt sent me a sweater in summer because it was cheap.

D. My uncle sent me a new mobile phone which I need badly.

3.What does the passage mainly intend to tell us?

A. Different feelings between gift gives and receivers.

B. How and why we should choose well-received gifts.

C. What makes a good gift in different holiday seasons.

D. Best-received gifts are the ones that are unexpected.

 

“Don’t be afraid to give your best to what seemingly are small jobs. Every time you conquer one it makes you much stronger. If you do little jobs well, the big ones will tend to take care of themselves,” said Dale Carnegie.

Sometimes, doing your best work or trying your hardest at something is difficult. It may have something to do with trying to do something new for the first time, like a new sport or activity at school. It may have something to do with doing homework for a subject that is not your favorite or is not your best.

As Hunter S. Thompson once said, “Anything worth doing is worth doing right.” And as Albert Einstein added, “We have to do the best we can. This is our sacred human responsibility.”

Developing the habit of trying your hardest and doing your best is something that will help you succeed throughout your life. If you have looked at some quotes related to trying your hardest, you will see that many of them come from people who have made a big difference in the world.   This is not a coincidence. It was not only their cleverness that helped them stand out and change the world, but their ability to try their hardest and do their best in whatever they were doing. If you can develop this same habit---to do your best in any situation, it will be a great benefit to your family, career, school and community.

As Bob Cousy put it, “Do your best when no one is looking. If you do that, then you can be successful at anything you put your mind to.” The choice is yours.

1.Why does the author use the quote of Dale Carnegie in Paragraph 1?

A. To describe a scene.    B. To introduce a topic.

C. To draw a conclusion.    D. To support an argument.

2.According to the passage, in which case is it difficult to try your hardest?

A. When you are doing something that you are familiar with.

B. When you are doing something that you are good at.

C. When you are doing something that you feel bored with.

D. When you are doing something that you like very much.

3.Why does the author suggest we develop the habit of trying our hardest?

A. To let us make a big difference in the world.

B. To help us achieve success all through our life.

C. To make us more skillful in our work.

D. To make it possible for us to benefit the whole world.

4.What is the main purpose of the passage?

A. To inform.    B. To advertise.

C. To introduce.    D. To persuade.

 

As an instructional coach, I like to keep my candy boxes full in my office, with a variety of treats for my teachers. So this particular Saturday, I headed over to Walmart to check out the latest shipment of sorted Christmas candy. Sure, enough, the shelves were freshly stocked with all the latest Reese’s White Crème and Milk Chocolate Peanut Butter Trees! I picked up a couple of big bag items and headed on my way.

Remembering my husband told me to be sure to get the tires repaired, I swung into Les Schwab to see if they could help me. Sure enough they got me in right away. It wasn’t going to take long, so I just stayed in the vehicle. 6 or 7 guys in the shop worked together like a race track pit(修理加油站) crew and I was done in minutes. Then I remembered my candy bag, thinking I’ll bet these guys would appreciate some peanut butter and chocolate.

So I handed a handful of individually wrapped trees to one of them and told him to share with his buddies. It was a small thing, but nearing the end of the busy day at the tire shop, I saw them standing around like kids with treats. You would have thought I gave them gourmet desserts! “Thanks so much for coming in today and your sweet candies!” I heard one of them say.

As I drove out of the garage I thought, it truly is the little things in life that make a difference! I’m going to keep looking for those small opportunities of kindness! I challenge you, the next time you get your tires repaired, take along a bag of candy!

1.The author went into Les Schwab in order to ________.

A. get the tires repaired

B. buy Christmas candies

C. show off her chocolate

D. help the workers in the garage

2.What can we know about the guys according to Paragraph 2?

A. They appreciated eating chocolate.

B. They were eager to eat peanut butter.

C. They were skillful in their repair work.

D. They helped the author to get in the car.

3.What does the underlined word “gourmet” in Paragraph 3 probably mean?

A. Proper.    B. Abundant.

C. Ridiculous.    D. Delicious.

4.What may be the best title for the passage?

A. Chocolate Treats at the Tire Shop

B. People Around Me Love Chocolate

C. An Instructional Coach Enjoys Candy

D. Looking for Opportunities of Kindness

 

What’s the Big Deal?

In school, you may have experienced bullying. Bulling is hurting someone either by words or actions.

Some feel that bullying is a part of normal growing up. It isn’t! There are always problems between kids. But bullying is not right. We should stand up against it!

Did You Know?

One out of four students report they have been bullied during the school year!

Students who experience bullying have trouble sleeping, headaches, and stomach-aches.

58% of kids have not told their parents about something hurtful that has happened to them.

90% of teens who report being cyber-bullied have also been bullied offline.

One out of five kids admit doing some “bullying”.

What Can You Do?

Bullying is big problem! But there are ways you can help either by yourself or by joining others trying to put an end to bullying!

Here are some ways you can take action:

Do Something Small:

When you see bullying, do something! Stand up for kids in your school who are victims of bullying and offer to help.

Be kind to the kids being bullied. Sit with them at lunch, talk to them at school, or invite them to do something. Just hanging out with them will help them know they aren’t alone.

Do Something Big:

Talk to your teacher about becoming a leader in preventing bullying at your school.

If your school doesn’t have an anti-bullying program, then ask for one! Register your school as a Champion Against Bullying!

Know that you can make a difference! Across the world, kids like you raise awareness of how to prevent bullying at their schools—and you can, too!

1.What percentage of teens report that they have been bullied during the school year?

A. 20%.    B. 25%.    C. 58%.    D. 90%.

2.What can we learn about those being bullied according to the passage?

A. They may have difficulty in sleeping.

B. They often do some “bullying” online.

C. They may be ready to experience bullying.

D. They do something hurtful to someone else.

3.What does the author think kids expect others to do if they are bullied?

A. Keeping them company at dinner.

B. Advising them to talk with a teacher.

C. Asking them to put up with it.

D. Telling them to make more friends.

4.Which tends to be an effective way to stop bullying?

A. Make sure that you can make a difference.

B. Regard bullying as a normal part of growing up.

C. Work out a plan for an anti-bullying program.

D. Be a leader in an organization against bullying.

 

英语老师为了鼓励学生多进行英文课外阅读, 要求班上每一位同学在下周的口语课上用英语向其它同学推荐一种自己看过的报纸或杂志。请你写一份发言稿, 内容包括:

简要介绍你推荐的这种报纸或杂志的内容;

举例说明你推荐的这种报纸或杂志的优点。

注意:

1.词数100左右(开头和结尾已给出, 不计入总词数);

2.可适当增加细节, 以使行文连贯。

Dear classmates,

____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

 

    That’s all. Thank you.

 

文中共有10处错误, 每处错误仅涉及一个单词的增加、删除或修改。增加:在缺词处加一个漏字符号(∧), 并在其下面写出该加的词。 删除:把多余的词用斜线(\)划掉。修改:在错的词下划一横线, 并在该词下面写出修改后的词。

注意:1. 每处错误及其修改均仅限一词;2. 只允许修改10处, 多者(从11处起)不计分。

    Dear cousin,

   Long time no seeIt has been almost a year since you move to London. I miss you a lot of. I’m writing a letter to ask you for help. As you know, I am eager to be photographer like you, so I asked my parents to buy me a camera last week. But he told me I wouldn’t concentrate in my schoolwork if I got it. Oh, my god! What can I make them trust meI’m not a kid any longer, but I can control myself. What’s worse, I have promised that I will take photos for the school’s newspaper next month. When asking by my classmates, I will be absolutely embarrassed. Therefore, would you like to lend me some money? If you’d like to, I will return it as soon as possibly.

                                                         Yours sincerely,

                                                              Tom

 

阅读下面材料, 在空白处填入适当的内容 (1个单词) 或括号内单词的正确形式。

It is common that more and more high school students open 1. (them) own micro blogs on the Internet. For one thing, it can provide a colorful platform to show their talent. For another, it is a useful way 2. (reduce) their pressure. And all these make it more and more popular 3. high school students. But many parents and teachers hold a different view. They think that managing one’s micro blog 4. (take) a lot of time and energy, which should be used to study.

In my view, I am 5. (great) in favor of this activity. Today the Internet is playing 6. important and essential role in our life. Therefore, as high school students of the Information Age, we need to learn to make use of this 7. (value) tool to communicate and display ourselves. What’s more, opening and organizing micro blogs need various abilities such as writing, designing, being skillful at computer and so on. Only if we master those abilities can we make a successful micro blog. As a result, we improve ourselves while 8. (organize) our micro blogs.

In fact, micro blog 9. (it) is of little harm. It is your attitude towards it 10. matters. We should take the advantages and avoid some bad effects.

 

The sun ______from behind the clouds late in the afternoon.

 

The house __________my grandfather has been ruined in the earthquake.

 

________ you have made a promise, you must carry it out.

 

The opening ceremony of a series of activities to celebrate International Women’s Day________ at Shanxi University on March 6, 2017.

 

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