There is an English saying:“____1.__.” Until recently, few people took the saying seriously. Now, however, doctors have begun to look into laughter and the effects it has on the human body. ___2._____.
Tests were carried out to study the effects of laughter on the body. People watched funny films while doctors checked their hearts, blood pressure, breathing and muscles. It was found that laughter has similar effects to physical exercise. _3._____. If laughter exercises the body, it must be beneficial.
Other tests have shown that laughter appears to be able to reduce the effect of pain on the body. In one experiment doctors produced pain in groups of students who listened to different radio programs. The group that tolerated(忍耐) the pain for the longest time was the group which listened to a funny program. ___4._____
___5.___. They have found that even if their patients do not really feel like laughing, making them smile is enough to produce beneficial effects similar to those caused by laughter.
A. Laughter can prolong one’s life.
B. As a result of these discoveries, some doctors in the United States now hold laughter clinics in which they help to improve their patients’ condition by encouraging them to laugh.
C. The reason why laughter can reduce pain seems to be that it helps to produce a kind of chemicals in the brain which diminish both stress and pain.
D. It increases blood pressure, the heart beating and breathing; it also works several groups of muscles in the face, the stomach and even the feet.
E. Although laughter helps cure the disease, doctors still can not put this theory into clinic practice.
F. Laughter is the best medicine.
G. They have found that laughter really can improve people’s health.
Recently a professor of philosophy(哲学)in the United States has written a book called Money and the Meaning of Life. He has discovered that how we deal with money in our day to day life has more meaning than we usually think. One of the exercises he has asked his students to do is to keep a record of every penny they spend for a week. From the way they spend their money, they can see what they really value(重视)in life．
The professor says our relation with others often becomes clearly defined(明确)when money enters the picture. You might have wonderful friendship with somebody and you think that you are very good friends. But you will know him only when you ask him to lend you some money．If he does，it brings something to the relationship that seems stronger than ever before. Otherwise it can suddenly weaken the relationship if he doesn’t． Since money is so important to us, we consider those who are rich to be very important. The professor interviews some rich people in his research for his book．
Question: What is the most surprising thing you have discovered about being rich?
Answer : The most surprising thing is why people give me so much respect(尊重). I am nothing．I don’t know much．All I am is rich．
People just have an idea of making more and more money, but what is it for? How much money do I need for any given purpose in my life? In his book，the professor uncovered an important need in modern society：to bring back the idea that money is a tool rather than the end．Money plays an important role in the material world，but expecting money to give happiness may be missing the meaning of life.
1.The students are asked to keep a record of every penny they spend to______.
A. learn how to spend money
B. learn how to make more money
C. know what to write in a record
D. know what is important in life
2.In the second paragraph, the professor mainly tells us ________.
A. never to borrow money from a friend
B. friendship disappears when it comes to money
C. money can influence friendship
D. money can weaken friendship
3.Through his book，the professor seems to tell us ．
A. money is very important in the material world
B. the purpose of our life is to make money
C. money does not surely mean happiness
D. we should value money in our life
4.Which of the following might the author disagree?
A. Money is important in modern society.
B. The meaning of life does not completely lie in money.
C. Wealth will surely bring the owner happiness.
D. Happiness is not necessarily the result of wealth.
At no time in history has there been such a mass movement of people from the countryside to the city as is happening now. By the year 2030, it’s estimated that more than two thirds of the world’s population will be living in cities, twice as many as today. This means that the problems faced by cities today—overcrowding, poor housing, unemployment, poverty and lack of food and water—will be twice as bad unless we find solutions soon.
Another serious issue is how to provide good transportation for their citizens. Many of the world’s major cities are already struggling with out-of-date transport infrastructures(基本设施).How can they deal with the additional demands?
London is a good example. Its enlargement was made possible by the invention of the steam engine, which powered the world’s first underground railway. But its transport system are now hopelessly out-of-date and need urgent modernization. London’s future success depends very much on developing better public transport.
Over a million people travel into central London every day from outside the city. They together with the people who live in London, want a public transport system that is efficient, safe and environmentally friendly. What they often get, however, falls far short of that ideal. Passengers complain about cost and pollution, while businesses worry about the problems their staff have in getting to work on time. Yes, the proportion of London households that own a car grew from just over ten percent in the early 1950s to over sixty percent today.
As the city has become increasingly crowded and polluted, there has been a growing realization that action must be taken soon.
1.It is believed that____.
A. overpopulation causes the problem in cities
B. two thirds of the world’s population are living in cities today
C. it isn’t difficult to solve the problem faced by cities today
D. with fewer people we would be free from problems
2.The underlined word “they” in the fourth paragraph refers to _______.
A. the citizens in the city of London
B.those who come to London from other places
C. passengers who make complaints about the cost
D. businesses who are anxious about their staff getting to work late
3.The underlined words “environmentally friendly” is closest in meaning to ________.
A. pleasant and nonpolluting B. cheap and punctual
C. quick and straight D. fair and convenient
4. The following paragraph of this text would most probably deal with___
A. train and air travel
B. traffic jams in London
C. possible solution to London’s transportation problems
D. car ownership that continues to grow.
An 80-year-old man was sitting on the sofa in his house along with his 45-year-old son. Suddenly a crow(乌鸦) landed on their window.
The father asked his son, “What is that?”
The son replied, “That is a crow.”
After a few minutes, the father asked his son for the second time, “What is that?”
The son said, “Father, I told you just now. It is a crow.”
After a little while, the father asked his son the same question for the third time, “What is this?”
This time his son shouted at his father, “Why do you keep asking me the same question again and again? I have told you already. ‘IT IS A CROW.’ Are you not able to understand this?”
A minute later the father went to his room and came back with a diary, which he had kept since his son was born. On opening a page, he asked his son to read that page:
Today my little son aged three was sitting with me on the sofa, when a crow suddenly landed on the window edge. My son asked me 23 times what it was, and I replied him 23 times that it was a crow. I hugged him lovingly each time he asked me the same question. I did not at all feel angry, but instead felt affection for my son.
If you parents reach old age, do not look at them as a burden, but speak to them gently, and be kind to them. From today say this aloud, “I want to see my parents happy forever. They have cared for me ever since I was a little child. They have always showered me with love. I will take care of my old parents in the BEST way no matter how they behave.”
1.The writer mainly intends to ______.
A. tell us the function of a diary
B. call on us to love our parents
C. teach us what a crow is
D. introduce a pair of son and father
2.According to the passage, the son felt _____ when his father kept asking the same question.
A. puzzled B. angry C. grateful D. surprised
3.We can know that the father wrote this diary at the age of ______.
A. eighty B. forty-give
C. thirty-eight D. thirty-five
4.The old man brought out the diary, which he had kept since his son was born, because ___.
A. he forgot what had happened
B. he would like his son to read it
C. it could remind himself of the past
D. he wanted to find what a crow was in his diary
Scientists used to explore探测on the surface of the ocean. Now they are exploring below the surface, too. They want to know about ocean water and the plant and animal life deep in the ocean.
In 1934 the scientist William Beebe dived 3 000 feet below the surface in a hollow steel ball. In 1935 August Piccard dived 10330 feet. In 1960 his son Jean dived to a depth of 35 800 feet. All these early dives were deep. But the divers could not stay down for very long. They had to come back up to the surface after a few seconds. Scientists needed to stay down longer to study life below surface. Gradually they succeeded. Cousteau, a Frenchman, was able to keep men down to a depth of 90 feet for a week.
Now scientists are developing even better equipment. With this new equipment，men can stay below the surface for days or even weeks. In 1962 Cousteau set up a research station 35 feet below the surface. Then，in 1964，he set up another station on the ocean floor of the Red Sea. This was the first undersea station to operate without help from the surface.
Many countries are now studying undersea living. The former Soviet Union has an undersea laboratory in the Crimean Sea. The United States has a laboratory 50 feet down on the ocean floor off the Virgin Islands. In 1970 five men lived there for two weeks. Then a team of five women scientists stayed in the laboratory. Next came other teams of men. All were there to explore the ocean depths and to make plans for the use of its resources. Scientists hope to find enough mineral，vegetable，and animal wealth there to provide food for the entire world.
1.In order to______ ，scientists are exploring below the surface of the ocean.
A. know about the ocean water deep in the ocean
B. stay down longer to study life of the plant and animal below the surface
C. know about the plant and animal life deep in the ocean
D. both A and C
2.Who made the deepest dive______
A. William Beebe.
B. August Piccard.
C. Jean Piccard.
3.Which of the following statements is true____
A. The early divers could not stay down for very long.
B. Up to now only five women scientists have stayed in the undersea laboratory.
C. The purpose of setting up the undersea laboratories is to make plans for the use of the resources in the ocean.
D. None of the above is true.
Scientists are trying to make the deserts into good land again． They want to bring water to the deserts， so people can live and grow food． They are learning a lot about the deserts． But more and more of the earth is becoming desert all the time． Scientists may not be able to change the desert in time．
Why is more and more land becoming desert？ Scientists think that people make deserts． People are doing bad things to the earth．
Some places on the earth don't get much rain． But they still don't become deserts． This is because some green plants are growing there． Small green plants and grass are very important to dry places． Plants don't let the sun make the earth even drier． Plants do not let the wind blow the dirt away． When a bit of rain falls， the plants hold the water． Without plants， the land can become desert more easily．
A． never have any plants or animals in them
B． can all be turned into good land before long
C． are becoming smaller and smaller
D． get very little rain
2.Small green plants are very important to dry places because ______．
A． they don't let the sun make the earth even drier
B． they don't let the wind blow the soil away
C． they hold water
D． All of the above．
3.Land is becoming desert little by little because ______．
A． plants can't grow there
B． there is not enough rain
C． people haven't done what scientists wish them to do
D． scientists know little about the deserts
4.Which is the main idea of the first paragraph？
A． Scientists know how to change desert into good land．
B． Land is becoming desert faster than scientists can change it back into good land．
C． If scientists can bring water to desert， people can live and grow food there．
D． More and more places are becoming deserts all the time．
姓 名：Marie Curie (Madame Curie)
出 生 地：波兰一个知识分子家庭
It has been three years since I start learning English. At first I found its quite difficult. I couldn’t pronounce words well, spell correct and remember the rules of grammar. With the help of my teacher, I have made a great progress. Now I am getting well with my English. Three years’ study have taught me that one cannot learn English well with hard work. We must do more listening and speaking both in and out of class. We must also do more reading or writing as well. What is known to all, “Practice makes perfect.” That’s the most important thing. Besides, we should also practice use it as much as possible.
He is the man who for many people has been a role model. Now There is a special day when you can express your thanks and let him know 1. important he is to you. Father’s Day 2. (fall) on the third Sunday of June. The idea of Father’s Day came from 3. American woman called Sonora Smart Dodd in 1909. Dodd wanted a special day 4. (honor) her father. He raised six children by 5. after his wife died. Dodd thought there needed to be a day to honor loving dads.
The first Father’s Day 6. (celebrate) on June 19, 1910. In 1924, US President Calvin Coolidge supported the idea of a 7. (nation) Father’s Day. Finally, in 1966, President Lyndon Johnson declared the third Sunday of June 8. Father’s Day.
Here are some ways to show your love and respect:
Send him a greeting card. Fathers prefer cards 9. are not too emotional（表现强烈情感的）. So choose one that will make him laugh. If he has a computer, cover his desktop（桌面） 10. words like “I love you Dad”. A small present, such as a framed photo of your family, can make him feel like a king.
It is 5:45 am and the sun is just rising over Gombe National Park in East Africa. Following Jane’s way of studying chimps, our group are all going to visit them in the forest. Jane has studied these families of chimps for many years and helped people understand how much they behave like humans. Watching a family of chimps is our first activity of the day. This means 1. (回到)the place where we left the family sleeping in a tree the night before. Everybody sits and waits 2. (在…荫凉下)the trees while the family begins to wake up and 3. (离开). Then we follow as they 4. (漫步走进)the forest. Most of the time, chimps either feed or clean each other as a way of showing love in their family. Jane warns us that our group is going to be very tired and dirty by the afternoon and she is right. However, the evening 5. (让一切变得值得). We watch the mother chimp and her babies play in the tree. Then we see them go to sleep together in their nest for the night. We realize that the bond between members of a chimp family is as strong as in a human family.
Born in 1930,Yuan Longping 6. (毕业于) Southwest Agricultural College in 1953. 7. (自从那时), finding ways to grow more rice has been his life goal. As a young man, he saw the great need for increasing the rice output. At that time, hunger was a disturbing problem in many parts of the countryside. Yuan Longping 8. (寻找) a way to increase rice harvests without expanding the area of the fields. In 1950, Chinese farmers could produce about fifty-six million tons of rice. In a recent harvest, however, nearly two hundred million tons of rice was produced. These increased harvests mean that 22% of the world’s people are fed from just 7% of the farmland in the world. Yuan Longping is now circulating his knowledge in India, Vietnam and many other less developed countries to increase their rice harvests. 9. (多亏) his research, the UN has more tools in the battle to 10. (使世界消除饥饿). Using his hybrid rice, farmers are producing harvests twice before.
Once upon, there were two traveling angels(天使) who stopped to spend the night in the home of a wealthy family. The family was impolite and _________ to let the angels stay in the guest room. Instead, the angels were given a space in the _________ underground room. As they _________ their bed on the hard floor, the older angel saw a hole in the _________ and repaired it. When the younger angel asked why, the older angel _________ , "Things aren't always what they seem."
The next night the pair came to rest at the house of a very _________ , but very kind farmer and his wife. _________ sharing the little food they had, the couple let the angels sleep in their bed _________ they could have a good night's rest. When the sun came up the next morning, the angels found the farmer and his wife in _________ . Their only cow, whose milk had been their only income, lay _________ in the field.
The younger angel was very angry and asked the older angel, "How could this_________ ? Why did you not watch out for the cow? The first man had _________, yet you watched over his house," she accused. "The second family had little but was_________ to share everything, and you did not help.".
"Things aren't always what they seem," the older angel replied. "When we _________ in the underground room, I noticed there was gold _________ in that hole in the wall. Since the owner was so greedy and unwilling to _________ his good fortune, I asked God if I could_________ the wall so he couldn't find it. Then last night as we slept in the farmer's bed, the angel of death came for his wife. I asked God if the angel could take the cow _________ . You see, things aren't always what they seem. "
Sometimes this is exactly what happens when things don’t _________ the way they should. You need to _________ that every outcome is always to your advantage. You might not know it /until sometime later.
1.A. decided B. preferred C. agreed D. refused
2.A. cool B. cold C. warm D. comfortable
3.A. made B. set C. fixed D. decorated
4.A. ground B. ceiling C. wall D. window
5.A. cried B. spoke C. sang D. replied
6.A. rich B. poor C. lucky D. fortunate
7.A. Before B. Since C. After D. When
8.A. where B. what C. why D. which
9.A. sweat B. tears C. power D. danger
10.A. happy B. disappointed C. alive D. dead
11.A. appear B. happen C. run D. operate
12.A. something B. nothing C. none D. everything
13.A. willing B. unhappy C. exciting D. surprising
14.A. parked B. camped C. stayed D. remained
15.A. stored B. stolen C. robbed D. picked
16.A. divide B. show C. share D. separate
17.A. damage B. erase C. ruin D. seal（封上）
18.A. instead B. beyond C. away D. aside
19.A. turn in B. turn out C. turn to D. turn off
20.A. hope B. wish C. trust D. suppose
Tricks to Learn from Super Sleepers
Do you want to sleep soundly each night and wake up energized the next day?
Morning fitness class（健身班） or gym time before work? Go ahead, give it a try. 1.________ While experts aren’t exactly sure why, it could have something to do with morning exercise’s ability to help regulate the secretion(分泌物) of certain hormones（荷尔蒙） involved in blood pressure management, which may lead to better sleep.
Eat light at night.
Desiring a midnight snack? If your stomach starts rumbling(发出咕噜声) before bed, try reaching for good-for-you foods that actually promote sleep, like walnuts, tart cherries, or Greek yogurt instead. 2._________ Eating too much of anything within a few hours of going to bed could suppress(抑制) your body’s ability to produce sleep-promoting melatonin.
Power down at night.
Smart phones, tablets, and laptops let you do everything from shopping to watching movies to working in bed. What they don’t let you do? Fall asleep. 3._________ . In addition to reducing your blue light exposure, you’ll probably feel less stressed, which in itself can help you sleep better.
Keep their rooms cool
4._________ But being too warm can make it harder to have quality sleep, say experts at the National Sleep Foundation. Instead, they recommend keeping your bedroom at around 20℃,which research suggests is the most suitable temperature for great sleep.
Consistency（一致性） is key to healthy sleep. Though for some it’s usual to stay up late, then get up early for work and sleep late on the weekends, doing so can cause damage to your body’s internal clock. Over time, that can make it harder to fall asleep, not to mention making it more unpleasant to wake up in the morning.
A. The idea of a comfortable bedroom and piles of soft, fuzzy（毛茸茸的）blankets is very appealing.
B. Find ways to deal with stress.
C. Go to bed at the same time every night.
D. However, try not to overeat even it is the healthy food.
E. You don’t have to give up alcohol altogether in the name of better sleep.
F. Exercising in the morning could lead to better sleep than afternoon or evening sweat sessions.
G. Put your devices away at night—ideally, two to three hours before you plan to go to sleep.
We were on the way from Hutchinson to Chicago for a short spring break. For many years I had wanted to take my family on the train. We all had been to Chicago four years ago, and the kids loved it. Chicago is one of my favorite cities, too, so the thought struck me again last fall to ride the train to Chicago. Of course, flying would have been faster. But I don’t think flying is easier, especially these days, with all the security and waiting in lines at airports.
Though we were tired in the middle of the night, the kids got on the train with the exhilaration of this adventure. “We’re moving,” my son William shouted happily with big eyes as the train began to pull away from the Hutchinson station.
I removed my shoes and lay down to try to finish my night’s sleep. The sleeper car would have better enabled that, but the ordinary train seats were not too bad. An airline flight is a harder experience for me: not enough room, two hours of pain with my knees almost touching my mouth. On the train I could almost outstretch all of my 6-foot-2-plus body in the generous legroom.
The journey didn’t feel at all as long as it was. We all found the train ride a joy. The car ride would have felt every minute of 13 hours. But on the train you are free to walk around, sit in the observation carriage for a while and enjoy the scenery out the windows, have a nice meal in the dining car, read a book, or play a board game.
In short, the train is all about enjoying the trip, which isn’t something I do so much when traveling by airline or by car, when the trip seems more of a mission (任务) to get there than an experience to enjoy along the way.
Chicago offers much to do for a family. This time, getting there was half the fun.
1.We can learn from the first paragraph that _____.
A. the kids love the train journey
B. it was the first time that the kids were taken on the train
C. the author didn’t enjoy the long train journey
D. Chicago is one of the kid’s favorite cities
2.What does the underlined word “exhilaration” in Paragraph 2 probably mean?
A. Tiredness. B. Relaxation.
C. Excitement. D. Worry.
3.In the third paragraph, an airline flight experience is mentioned to show _____.
A. a train ride is more comfortable
B. a train ride is too long
C. an airline flight is miserable
D. an airline flight is easier
4.Which of the following words best describes the whole family’s feeling about the train journey?
A. Moved. B. Nervous.
C. Disappointed. D. Delighted.
Something in chocolate could be used to stop coughs and lead to more effective medicines, say UK researchers.
Their study found that theobromine, found in cocoa, was nearly a third more effective in stopping coughs than codeine, which was considered the best cough medicine at present.
The Imperial College London researchers who published their results online said the discovery could lead to more effective cough treatment. “While coughing is not necessarily harmful, it can have a major effect on the quality of life, and this discovery could be a huge step forward in treating this problem,” said Professor Peter Barnes.
Ten healthy volunteers were given theobromine, codeine or placebo, a pill that contains no medicine, during the experiment. Neither the volunteers nor the researchers knew who received which pill. The researchers then measured levels of capsaicin, which is used in research to cause coughing and as a sign of how well the medicine is stopping coughs.
The team found that, when the volunteers were given theobromine, the capsaicin needed to produce a cough was around a third higher than in the placebo group. When they were given codeine they need only slightly higher levels of capsaicin to cause a cough compared with the placebo.
The researchers said that theobromine worked by keeping down a nerve activity (神经活动), which causes coughing. They also found that unlike some standard cough treatments, theobromine caused no side effects such as sleepiness.
1.According to Professor Barnes, theobromine ______.
A. cannot be as effective as codeine
B. can be harmful to people’s health
C. cannot be separated from chocolate
D. can be a more effective cure for coughs
2.We learn from the text that volunteers in the experiment _______.
A. were patients with bad coughs
B. were divided into three groups
C. received standard treatments
D. suffered little side effects
3.Which of the following would be the best title for the text?
A. Codeine: A New Medicine
B. Chocolate May Cure Coughs
C. Cough Treatment: A Hard Case
D. Theobromine Can Cause Coughs
I was waiting for a phone call from my agent. He had left a message the night before, telling me that my show was to be cancelled. I called him several times, but each time his secretary told me that he was in a meeting and that he would call me later. So I waited and waited, but there was still no call. Three hours passing by, I became more and more impatient. I was certain that my agent didn’t care about my work, and he didn’t care about me. I was overcome with that thought. I started to shout at the phone, “Let me wait, will you? Who do you think you are?”
At that time I didn’t realize my wife was looking on. Without showing her surprise, she rushed in, seized the phone, tore off the wires, and shouted at the phone, “Yeah! Who do you think you are? Bad telephone! Bad telephone!” And she swept it into the wastebasket.
I stood watching her, speechless. What on earth...?
She stepped to the doorway and shouted at the rest of the house, “Now hear this! All objects in this room-- if you do anything to upset my husband , out you go!”
Then she turned to me, kissed me, and said calmly, “Honey, you just have to learn how to take control.” With that, she left the room.
After watching a crazy woman rushing in and out, shouting at everything in sight, I noticed that something in my mood（情绪）had changed. I was laughing. How could I have trouble with that phone? Her antics helped me realize I had been driven crazy by small things. Twenty minutes later my agent did call. I was able to listen to him and talk to him calmly.
1.Why did the author shout at the telephone?
A. He was mad at the telephone.
B. He was angry with his agent.
C. He was anxious about his wife.
D. He was impatient with the secretary.
2.What made the author laugh?
A. His own behavior.
B. His wife’s suggestion.
C. His changeable feelings.
D. His wife’s sweet kiss.
3.What does the underlined word “antics” refer to?
A. Smart words.
B. Unusual actions.
C. Surprising looks.
D. Anxious feelings.
Paragraph 1:After a while, my brother brought the police to our house.
Paragraph 2:By the time my parents had come home, they lectured us that,
1.Our government set up a museum________________the people who died in the war.
2.___________________each other on April Fool’s Day is not our custom that we shouldn’t advocate.
3.Our English teacher is so busy with his work that he spends little time __________________
his own child.
4.The tourist _________________the breathtaking scenery of the West Lake in spring and forgot to go home.
5.We________________ Torreya Grandis Ridge with our teachers’ accompany on April 9.
6.The old picture_________me_________the sweet memory at university.
7.I promised to give my daughter a gift and I must _______________.
8.My mother often _________the importance _________being an upright person.
9.It was half past seven in the morning and one of my classmates finally________________at the school gate.
10.The day I have been comes at last.
1.Daisy had always longed to help e______________ species of wildlife.
2.An antelope said sadly, “We are being killed for the wool beneath our s__________ .”
3.It is said that the drug c__________ a powerful function has much effect on human beings.
4.Weather p ____________, we will go hiking next week.
5.I am native to Zhuji so I am f _____________ with almost every street in the city.
6.When I entered the classroom, the naughty boy p____________to be reading the book.
7.In the old society, thousands of people s__________ to death for lack of food.
8.During the Qingming Festival, people show respect for their dead a_____________.
9.Since the i_____________from UK, America has been developing very fast.
10.Although we are close friends, I don’t share her r___________beliefs
My brother and I were alone at home because my parents had gone for a meeting and they had left me in charge. I was doing my homework while my younger brother was watching TV. Suddenly the doorbell rang. My younger brother rushed to the door thinking that our parents had come home, he unlocked the door and opened it.
Outside stood a tall man wearing a black raincoat and black rubber boots. He said he was a salesman and asked politely if out mother or father was at home.
Without thinking, my brother said:” No.” He asked if we would like to buy some comic books which he was selling. I quickly explained that we were not supposed to buy anything without our parent’s permission.
Then, as I was about to close the door, he forced his way into our house. He took out a knife and forced me to tie up my brother’s hands with some rope which he took out form his pocket. I tied up his hands but tied it in a special way so my brother could untie himself. The man then tied my hands up and locked both of us in the kitchen.
Soon, the went upstairs to search the bedroom for valuables. I managed to teach my brother to untie the rope on the his hands. He then untied me. I rushed to the telephone to call the police, but the line was dead. The doors were all locked from the outside and I did not have the keys to unlock them. Luckily, the robber forgot to lock the kitchen window. My brother managed to get out of the house through the window and I told him to go to the police station nearby and call for help.
A young American woman worked in a school in Shanghai． _________ she came to China，she knew little about the Chinese culture of language． One day on her way to school，she went to a bank _________ (draw) some money．To _________ surprise，the bank clerk(职员) asked her if she had had her lunch．She was surprised at such _________ question because in the American culture it would mean that the bank clerk is inviting her to lunch．Between unmarried young people it can also mean the young man’s interest in dating the girl．Since this bank clerk _________ a stranger to the American woman，she was very puzzled(困惑的)，and quickly answered that she _________ (eat) already．After this she went on to school and was even _________ surprised when one of the teachers asked her the same question．
By now she understood that it could not be an _________ (invite) but was puzzled as to why they asked it．In the following days she was asked the same question again and again and she spent many hours _________ (try) to work out why so many people kept asking her this．At last she thought that these people must be _________ (concern) about her health．She was rather thin at the time，and she thought they must be worrying that she was not eating well!
In fact the question like that has no real meaning at all — it is only a greeting．
Making Peace with Your Parents
As a teen, you are going through big changes physically and mentally. Your interests are expanding（增加；扩大） 1. .
Here is the challenge: Kids need to explore the world in new ways, and parents need to protect them from the dangers that are all out in that world. These conflicts（冲突）can easily set off fireworks in otherwise calm house. Sometimes conflicts can’t be avoided. But by paying attention to the building blocks of successful relationships, you can work towards making home a happy and healthy place for you and your parents.
For instance, try to find a time to talk when your parents are not angry, tired, distracted , or hungry. A good time to talk is when you are all relaxed. Timing is everything. If the conversation begins to turn into an argument, you’d better calmly and coolly ask to stop the conversation----for now. 2. Listen to what your parents are saying, and repeat it back to them. This shows them that you’re listening. 3. .
Respect is the building block of good communication. People who respect each other and care about each other’s feelings can disagree without getting things ugly.
4. How do you build trust? Trust comes by actually doing what you say you’re going to do. Some teens find that doing fun activities with their parents can improve their relationships. Sometimes we forget that parents are more than rule-makers----they’re interesting people who like to watch movies and go shopping----just like their teenagers!
What do you do if you are trying your best, but your relationship with your parents continues to be rocky（难以维持的；不稳定的）? 5. You can find supportive adults, such as a teacher or a coach, who can lead an ear.
Remember you can only change your own behavior. Your parents are the only ones who can change theirs.
A. It also gives them a chance to clear things up if you’re not on the same page.
B. You can pick it up again when everyone’s more relaxed.
C. And then you will be able to accept what your parents say.
D. Faced with the challenge, children don’t know what to do.
E. You are more likely to get along with your parents and have more independence if your parents believe in you.
F. And your desire to take control of your own life is growing.
G. You may consider seeking outside help.
Some years ago when I was in my first year in college, I heard Salome Bey sing for the first time. The moment was exciting. Salome’s _________ filled the room and brought the theater to life. I was so _________ that I decided to write an article about her.
I _________ Salome Bey, telling her I was from Essence magazine, and that I wanted to meet her to talk about her career. She _________ and told me to come to her studio next Tuesday. When I hung up, I was scared out of mind. I _________ I was lying. I was not a writer at all and hadn’t even written a grocery list.
I interviewed Salome Bey the next Tuesday. I sat there _________, taking notes and asking questions that all began with, “Can you tell me. . . ? ”I soon realized that _________Salome Bey was one thing, but writing a story for a national magazine was just impossible. The _________ was almost unbearable. I struggled for days _________ draft(草稿)after draft. Finally I put my manuscript(手稿)into a large envelope and dropped it into a mailbox.
It didn’t take long. My manuscript_________. How stupid of me! I thought. How could I_________ in a world of professional writers? Knowing I couldn’t_________the rejection letter, I threw the unopened envelope into a drawer.
Five years later, I was moving to California. While_________my apartment, I came across the unopened envelope. This time I opened it and read the editor’s letter in _________:
Your story on Salome Bey is fantastic. Yet we need some_________materials. Please add those and return the article immediately. We would like to_________your story soon.
Shocked, it took me a long time to_________ . Fear of rejection cost me greatly. I lost at least five hundred dollars and the chance of having my article appear in a major magazine. More importantly, I lost years of _________writing. Today, I have become a full-time writer. Looking back on this _________, I learned a very important lesson: You can’t _________to doubt yourself.
1.A. joy B. voice C. speech D. smile
2.A. proud B. active C. satisfied D. moved
3.A. visited B. emailed C. phoned D. interviewed
4.A. agreed B. refused C. hesitated D. paused
5.A. replied B. discovered C. explained D. knew
6.A. seriously B. patiently C. nervously D. quietly
7.A. blaming B. fooling C. inviting D. urging
8.A. hardship B. Failure C. comment D. pressure
9.A. with B. by C. on D. in
10.A. disappeared B. returned C. spread D. improved
11.A. compare B. Struggle C. survive D. compete
12.A. ignore B. deliver C. face D. receive
13.A. decorating B. repairing C. cleaning D. leaving
14.A. surprise B. anxiety C. horror D. trouble
15.A. subjective B. detailed C. private D. complex
16.A. broadcast B. create C. publish D. assess
17.A. recover B. prepare C. escape D. concentrate
18.A. energetic B. Endless C. typical D. enjoyable
19.A. experience B. Success C. benefit D. accident
20.A. attempt B. afford C. expect D. pretend
Tea drinking was common in China for nearly one thousand years before anyone in Europe had ever heard about tea. People in Britain were much slower in finding out what tea was like, mainly because tea was very expensive. It could not be bought in shops and even those people who could afford to have it sent from Holland did so only because it was a fashionable curiosity. Some of them were not sure how to use it. They thought it was a vegetable and tried cooking the leaves. Then they served them mixed with butter and salt. They soon discovered their mistake but many people used to spread the used tea leaves on bread and give them to their children as sandwiches.
Tea remained scarce and very expensive in England until the ships of the East India Company began to bring it direct from China early in the seventeenth century. During the next few years so much tea came into the country that the price fell and many people could afford to buy it.
At the same time people on the Continent were becoming more and more fond of tea. Until then tea had been drunk without milk in it, but one day a famous French lady named Madame de Sevigne decided to see what tea tasted like when milk was added. She found it so pleasant that she would never again drink it without milk. Because she was such a great lady that her friends thought they must copy everything she did, they also drank their tea with milk in it. Slowly this habit spread until it reached England and today only very few Britons drink tea without milk.
At first, tea was usually drunk after dinner in the evening. No one ever thought of drinking tea in the afternoon until a duchess（公爵夫人）found that a cup of tea and a piece of cake at three or four o’clock stopped her getting “a sinking feeling” as she called it. She invited her friends to have this new meal with her and so, tea-time was born .
1.This passage mainly discusses .
A. the history of tea drinking in Britain
B. how tea became a popular drink in Britain
C. how the Britons got the habit of drinking tea
D. how tea-time was born
2.Tea became a popular drink in Britain .
A. in the sixteenth century
B. in the seventeenth century
C. in the eighteenth century
D. in the late seventeenth century
3.We may infer from the passage that the habit of drinking tea in Britain was mostly due to the influence of .
A. a famous French lady
B. the ancient Chinese
C. the upper(上层的) social class
D. people in Holland
E-reading and e-books are slowly conquering the world. Compared to traditional paper books, e-books in some schools and universities attract more interest because the information flow seems much easier to manage and comes in a greatly higher quantity.
Japan is known for the reform-minded attitude towards the gadget(精巧装置)world and for the fact that it is one of the first countries that encouraged in the educational system the emailing of homework.
The digital textbook looks like the logical step in the world of learning. It is natural but it is also completely untraditional.
The plan of the largest publishing companies to get in line with the trend is to save a large quantity of paper and make the kids become interested in learning using a cool gadget. Many USA universities and colleges have made students be used to the procedure of downloading the courses and of course the procedure involves interactive software and also the chance of using the computer.
The traditional education system is still unwilling when it comes to giving up books. The standard approach of information taught out of a book and Shakespeare read out of an old school novel makes studying English as traditional as it can be.
In a world where kids would rather see the movie than read a book, the digital age has brought along a completely different flavor to reading. Bringing that flavor in school will make teaching a greener and also a completely different matter.
1.Why are e-books so popular in the world?
A. It’s cheap to buy.
B. It’s effective to use.
C. It’s convenient to bring.
D. It’s the latest fashion.
2.Which of the following words can best take the place of the word “reform-minded” in the second paragraph?
A. Old-fashioned. B. Aggressive.
C. Rejecting. D. Progressive.
3.In America, the students are encouraged to .
A. apply the procedure of downloading the courses
B. communicate with their teachers using computers
C. research some interactive software for their studies
D. do their homework in computer instead of in paper
4.What’s the author’s attitude to the digital textbooks?
A. Being against. B. Being for.
C. Not mentioned. D. Being neutral.
Four people in England back in 1953, stared at Photo 51,It wasn’t much—a picture showing a black X. But three of these people won the Nobel Prize for figuring out what the photo really showed –the shape of DNA The discovery brought fame and fortune to scientists James Watson, Francis Crick, and Maurice Wilkins. The fourth, the one who actually made the picture, was left out.
Her name was Rosalind Franklin.” She should have been up there,” says historian（历史学家） Mary Bowden.” If her photos hadn’t been there, the others couldn’t have come up with the structure.” One reason Franklin was missing was that she had died of cancer four years before the Nobel decision. But now scholars（学者）doubt that Franklin was not only robbed of her life by disease but robbed of credit by her competitors
At Cambridge University in the 1950s, Watson and Click tried to make models by cutting up shapes of DNA’s parts and then putting them together. In the meantime, at King’s College in London, Franklin and Wilkins shone X-rays at the molecule(分子). The rays produced patterns reflection the shape.
But Wilkins and Franklin’s relationship was a lot rockier than the celebrated teamwork of Watson and Crick, Wilkins thought Franklin was hired to be his assistant .But the college actually employed her to take over the DNA project.
What she did was produce X-ray pictures that told Watson and Crick that one of their early models was inside out. And she was not shy about saying so. That angered Watson, who attacked her in return, “Mere inspection suggested that she would not easily bend. Clearly she had to to go or be put in her place.”
As Franklin’s competitors, Wilkins, Watson and Crick had much to gain by cutting her out of the little group of researchers, says historian Pnina Abir-Am. In 1962 at the Nobel Prize awarding ceremony, Wilkins thanked 13 colleagues by name before he mentioned Franklin, Watson wrote his book laughing at her. Crick wrote in 1974 that “Franklin was only two steps away from the solution.”
No, Franklin was the solution. “She contributed more than any other player to solving the structure of DNA . She must be considered a co-discoverer,” Abir-Am says. This was backed up by Aaron Klug, who worked with Franklin and later won a Nobel Prize himself. Once described as the “Dark Lady of DNA”, Franklin is finally coming into the light.
1.What is the text mainly about?
A. The disagreements among DNA researchers.
B. The unfair treatment of Franklin.
C. The process of discovering DNA.
D. The race between two teams of scientists.
2.Watson was angry with Franklin because she .
A. took the lead in the competition
B. kept her results from him
C. proved some of his findings wrong
D. shared her data with other scientists
3.Why is Franklin described as “Dark Lady of DNA”?
A. She developed pictures in dark labs.
B. She discovered the black X-the shape of DNA.
C. Her name was forgotten after her death.
D. Her contribution was unknown to the public.
4.What is the writer’s attitude toward Wilkins, Watson and Crick?
A. Disapproving. B. Respectful.
C. Admiring. D. Doubtful.
When other nine-year-old kids were playing games, she was working at a petrol station. When other teens were studying or going out, she struggled to find a place to sleep on the street. But she overcame these terrible setbacks to win a highly competitive scholarship and gain entry to Harvard University. And her amazing story has inspired a movie, “ Homeless to Harvard: The Liz Murray Story”, shown in late April.
Liz Murray，a 22-year-old American girl, has been writing a real-life story of willpower and determination. Liz grew up in the shadow of two drug-addicted parents. There was never enough food or warm clothes in the house. Liz was the only member who had a job. Her mother had AIDS and died when Liz was just 15 years old. The effect of that loss became a turning point in her life. Connecting the environment in which she had grown up with how her mother had died, she decided to do something about it.
Liz went back to school. She threw herself into her studies, never telling her teachers that she was homeless. At night, she lived on the streets. “ What drove me to live on had something to do with understanding, by understanding that there was a whole other way of being. I had only experienced a small part of the society,” she wrote in her book Breaking Night.
She admitted that she used envy to drive herself on. She used the benefits that come easily to others such as a safe living environment, to encourage herself that “next to nothing could hold me down”. She finished high school in just two years and won a full scholarship to study at Harvard University. But Liz decided to leave her top university a couple of months earlier this year in order to take care of her father, who has also developed AIDS. “I love my parents so much. They are drug addicts. But I never forget that they loved me all the time.”
Liz wants moviegoers to come away with the idea that changing your life is “as simple as making a decision”.
1.The main idea of the passage is __________ .
A. how Liz managed to enter Harvard University
B. What a hard time Liz had in her childhood
C. why Liz loved her parents so much
D. how Liz struggled to change her life
2.In which order did the following things happen to Liz ?
a. Her mother died of AIDS.
b. She worked at a petrol station.
c. She got admission into Harvard University.
d. The movie about her life was put on.
e. She had trouble about finding a place to sleep.
A. b, a , e , c, d B. a , b , c , e , d
C. e , d, b , a , c D. b , e , a , d , c
3.What actually made her go towards her goal?
A. Envy and encouragement.
B. Willpower and determination .
C. Decisions and understanding.
D. Love and respect for her parents.
4.When she wrote “What drove me to live on … I had only experienced a small part of the society”, she meant that __________ .
A. she had little experience of social life.
B. she could hardly understand the society.
C. she would do something for her own life.
D. she needed to travel more around the world.
2. 你的建议, 至少两条；
I’m a senior high school student. _________________________________________________
Recently, as the development of the Internet, there is a kind of language calling the Web Language. The other day our class had a discussion about if we should welcome the Web Language.
Forty percent of the students think it ridiculous. They argue that it did no good to helping people communicate, nor is it useful for learning languages. Beside, it'll make Chinese less standard and pure, finally ruining our mother tongue. However, 69% of the students is fond of it. They think it simple, convenient and helpful in expressing them. What's more, it may make the language more interested.
Personally, it’s not good habit to use the Web Language. It may be popular, but you may also make yourself be misunderstood.
When I was young, I read many kinds of books, 1. (include) fairy tales. In those books, 2. (hero) described were handsome and heroines were beautiful. So, I believed I had to be beautiful if I wanted to become a great person.
As I 3. (grow) up, I began to realize outer beauty was not so important to make someone excellent. I remember a friend of 4. . She believed that she could do everything she wanted because she was so beautiful, but she lost friends one by one. My poor friend! 5. she learned was that inner beauty is more important than outer beauty.
Whenever I see TV advertisements, I feel that they make us believe beauty is very important— 6. (especial) physical attractiveness. Although we say that inner beauty is 7. (value) than outer beauty, we often look for plastic surgery (整容手术) 8. (make) us more beautiful. There seems to be a boom in plastic surgery. It is surprising to realize 9. number of people who try it is increasing day by day.
We know good-looking guys usually get higher scores on job interviews than others. So, what is real beauty? I want to say that it is inner beauty that makes one look 10. a really beautiful person.
My class and I visited Chris Care Center in Phoenix, Arizona to comfort the old people who needed a little cheering up during the holiday season.
The first two _________ there were for persons requiring help in taking care of themselves. We sang _________ for them. They loved our sweet songs and the flowers that we left with them.
As we were _________ on the third floor for old people with Alzheimer (老年痴呆症), most of them _________ off at the walls or floor. However, one lady _________ my eye. She was sitting by the door, in a wheelchair, singing songs to herself. They weren’t the songs that we were singing, at least they didn’t _________ like that. As we got _________ with each festive song, she did as well. The louder we got, the louder she got. _________ she was singing, she was also _________ out to us with her hands and body. I knew that I should have gone over to her, but I thought that my _________ were to my students. People who worked at the care center could _________ to her, I thought. Just when I stopped feeling_________ about not giving her the attention she needed, one of my students, Justin, showed me what the holiday season is really about.
Justin also _________ the same lady. The difference between us is that he _________ on her needs, but I didn’t. During the last song, “Silent Night,” Justin walked over to her and held her hand. He looked this aged lady in her _________ and with his actions said, “You are important, and I will take my _________to let you know that.” This tired, elderly lady stopped singing and held his hand. Then she touched his cheek with the other hand. Tears began to fall down her face. No _________ can completely describe that touching moment.
It took a boy to_________ me, a man, about kindness and love. Justin’s example of a complete, selfless attitude toward another was a _________that I will never forget. He was the teacher that day, and I consider myself _________ to have witnessed his lesson.
1.A. rooms B. buildings C. groups D. floors
2.A. bravely B. beautifully C. shyly D. madly
3.A. gathering B. meeting C. singing D. dancing
4.A. glared B. shut C. stared D. paid
5.A. looked B. hurt C. escaped D. caught
6.A. sound B. hear C. appear D. feel
7.A. higher B. nearer C. faster D. louder
8.A. As B. Because C. Since D. Though
9.A. moving B. coming C. reaching D. spreading
10.A. interests B. abilities C. responsibilities D. feelings
11.A. speak B. attend C. object D. compare
12.A. guilty B. sure C. afraid D. scary
13.A. feared B. noticed C. helped D. avoided
14.A. called B. insisted C. acted D. kept
15.A. tears B. hands C. face D. eye
16.A. body B. time C. flower D. cheek
17.A. expressions B. poems C. words D. songs
18.A. teach B. waste C. cause D. help
19.A. message B. activity C. lesson D. class
20.A. clever B. foolish C. lucky D. right