For many, music is as important to the human experience as eating and breathing. We hear music everywhere—at home, the gym, parties and stores. But what kind of music do we prefer to listen to, and when and why do our musical preferences change?

The relationship between the change of seasons and musical preferences was the focus of a study led by psychologist Terry Pettijohn. He and his team based their research on a previous study that examined the relationship between popular music preferences and the Environmental Security Hypothesis(假设). The results showed that over time, when social and financial conditions were more risky, the songs of the year that were slower, longer, more comforting and serious were most popular. And during periods in which social and financial conditions were generally stable, the result was opposite.

Building on these findings, Pettijohn and his team wondered if the Hypothesis could also be applied to the change of seasons. For college students, the participants in this study, autumn begins at the start of the school year. Gone are the carefree days of summer, when school is out. Winter means colder temperatures, shorter days, and, in many places in the country, snow. Spring, however, is a different story. It represents a fresh start and when clocks spring forward, we gain an extra hour of daylight. As students walk into summer, they’re absorbed in the sunshine and social activities—and enjoy a break from school.

But do changing seasonal conditions influence musical preferences? To answer this question, the researchers designed two studies. What did they find? Both groups of college students favored more serious music during the seasons of fall and winter, and more active and energetic music during the spring and summer seasons. And these findings, Pettijohn argues, have practical significances.

1.The purpose of the question raised in Paragraph 1 is to ________.

A.present a different opinion on music

B.prove where to listen to music matters

C.stress the importance of music to humans

D.introduce the topic on musical preferences

2.What influences a person’s choice of music types according to the previous study?

A.Whether one has enough free time.

B.Whether one lives in a stable situation.

C.Whether one is exposed to sunlight.

D.Whether one chooses to change his life.

3.How does Pettijohn feel about the findings of his studies?

A.It’s unexpected. B.It’s humorous.

C.It’s discouraging. D.It’s significant.


Tenzing left his home when he was ten to work and help his mother, who was looking after their 2-acre ancestral farm after his father’s death. He did temporary jobs for the first few years and then joined a Malaysian construction firm, where he learnt to drive, repair machines, work on the Internet and even speak English fluently.

“In those 13 years, I learnt everything—driving, mechanic work, and how to set up a small factory. This made me gain much confidence to do almost all jobs,” says Tenzing.

However, as his mother was getting older, on December 12, 2006, Tenzing returned to his hometown in Assam. Having visited several farms, he came to know that tea could be easily exported and many tea companies were buying tea; so he also decided to grow tea on his farm. But as his family had never grown tea, he had no idea how to do it.

Being a green hand in this field, Tenzing went to meet with many tea experts and followed their instructions. But whenever he sprayed pesticide (农药)on his farm, he’d get a headache and feel indisposed. So he started looking for alternatives. Tenzing did his research online and finally in 2007, he connected with people from a Canadian non-governmental organization and invited them to his farm, where they trained him. Thus, Tenzing started growing tea organically.

Today Tenzing has 25 acres of land, of which 7.5 acres is used for tea planting, and he grows almost all types of fruits and vegetables. His success inspired many, and farmers from other parts of the country also started coming to his farm to learn organic farming. He has trained about 30,000 farmers so far. Every year almost 100 tourists visit his farm from various parts of the world like the UK, Australia, Germany, etc.

1.What can we know about Tenzing?

A. He was mistreated at a young age.    B. He lived a happy childhood.

C. He had great learning ability.    D. He received much formal education.

2.Why did Tenzing want to grow tea on his farm?

A. His mother was getting older.    B. Tea sold very well at that time.

C. His land was best for tea growth.    D. He was tired of temporary jobs.

3.What does the underlined word “indisposed” in Paragraph 4 probably mean?

A. Unfair.    B. Motivated

C. Touched.    D. Uncomfortable.

4.What can be inferred about Tenzing’s farm according to the last paragraph?

A. It has been the biggest one around.

B. It is famous nationally and globally.

C. It is made use of mostly to grow tea.

D. It has become a hot tourist attraction.


Courses & Curriculum of the College of Arts & Sciences in Cornell

The diversity of the courses you can take in the College of Arts & Sciences is extraordinary:

Academic Distribution Requirements

The College’s academic distribution requirements will include: effective writing; foreign language beyond the introductory level; imaginative and critical thinking.

To choose your courses for a semester, use the Class Roster. It shows the schedule of all classes offered in a particular term, along with class enrollment information and course details.

The Class Roster is updated frequently.

To plan your classes over your four years at Cornell, use the Courses of Study. It represents Cornell’s full catalog of courses and is published annually. It provides information on Cornell degree programs, requirements, policies and procedures.

If you need help, call 607-255-5004 for an appointment with an advising dean. Or contact a career counselor in the Arts & Sciences Career Development Center at 607-255-4166 to talk about your interests and how they can translate into a major and a future career.

A New Curriculum

On October 30, 2018, the College of Arts & Sciences faculty(教员)approved a new undergraduate curriculum to be carried out over the next two to three years. The new curriculum focuses on the theme of exploration and reaffirms the college’s commitment to a liberal arts and sciences education. Students who have questions about the new curriculum can view the approved proposal on the Course Designer app of Cornell.

Innovative Learning

If you’re one of the 3,000 students across the university taking biology or physics at the College, you may be part of an innovative(创新的)classroom project that uses active learning, a new model that is proving to be the quickest path to expert-level mastery.

Your education at Cornell will extend far beyond the classroom. You can join a faculty member’s research team on campus, conduct field study research in different states or spend a semester with Cornell in Washington D C. You could study abroad in one of more than 85 countries or develop your own research project through independent study. Give yourself the freedom to explore.

1.If you want to plan your courses over the long run, you can use the ______.

A.Class Roster B.Courses of Study

C.Course Designer D.Career Center

2.For students involved in an innovative classroom project, they ______.

A.may study a new model

B.are on the quickest way to be experts

C.will get more freedom during research project

D.have advantages of studying outside the classroom

3.The article is probably taken from ______.

A.a college website B.a science report

C.a travel magazine academic journal


假定你是李华,于201932日搭乘某航空公司航班(Flight HZH9211)回国。到机场后,你发现遗失了行李箱。现你用英语给航空公司写一封信,请他们帮你寻找。


1. 陈述写信原因;

2. 描述行李箱;

3. 期待回复并表示感谢。




3. 开头和结尾已为你写好,不计入总词数。

Dear Sir or Madam

My name is Li Hua, and I was a passenger



Li Hua



增加:在缺词处加一个漏字符号() 并在其下面写出该加的词。





Last summer vacation, I worked in restaurant. One day, I was about to be off duty while three foreigners came in. Since it was my first time to talk with foreigner, suddenly my mind went blankly. I failed to respond to their questions. And a few minutes later, I refreshed myself. So, I began to talk to them and adapt to that atmosphere gradually. I restarted to pick up my confident again. One of them, that seemed in his thirties, praised on me for my self­confidence. After that, I swore I must learn English well, especially spoken English, and never make that embarrassing thing happening again.



The Duanwu Festival, known as the Dragon Boat Festival, 1. (found) in memory of Qu Yuan, who was 2. poet and minister of the state of Chu during the Warring States period (475-221BC). The festival date is on the fifth day of May on the Chinese lunar calendar.

Traditional 3. (celebrate) of the Dragon Boat Festival include eating rice dumplings, drinking wine and 4. (race) dragon boats. You don’t have to live in China long 5. (know) the country’s most popular foods 6. good stories behind them.

That’s 7. (particular) true of rice dumplings, 8. have been connected with the Dragon Boat Festival for more than a thousand years.

Rice dumplings wrapped in leaves remain with us today as the 9. (tradition) way to celebrate the Dragon Boat Festival. In general, northern Chinese prefer sweet versions of these steamed treats while southerners like salty tastes. In the north, some rice dumplings are plain, to be dipped into sugar. In the south, however, locals have 10. (they) own creativity. They have added hum, chestnuts and mushrooms into zongzi over centuries.


    I first got to know Rose while working in a hospital kitchen.

When I arrived at 6 a. m., Rose was already there. “Hi, I'm Janet.” I tried to be _______, although I already knew Rose was hard to work with. Rose _______ what she was doing and looked over her reading glasses. I could tell from her _______ that she wasn't delighted to see a student worker. _______, I started to work. However, nothing I did _______ her. All morning her eagle eyes missed _______ and she was very sharp with me.

Totally discouraged, I was _______with a dilemma (困境)Should I ask my director to _______ my work? Scheduling was fairly flexible. Or should I _______and find another job? “Oh, Lord, help me.” I prayed. “You need to love her.” That was the ________he sent me.

The next morning, I did things Rose's way as much as possible to avoid ________. Later I learned that she was a single mother with 3 children. My heart ________. In the following days, my ________ changed. I began to see Rose as a hurting person and even ________  prayed for her. The ice started to ________. As we had more chances to work together, Rose became truly ________ to see me every time and would________her feelings. We became real friends.

That summer I ________ a lesson that I've never forgotten. The world is full of people like Rose—demanding, yet ________inside. To turn an enemy into a friend, ________ is your best choice.

1.A.confident C.friendly D.patient

2.A.loved B.forgot C.hated D.stopped

3.A.experience B.expression C.description D.appearance

4.A.Otherwise B.Anyway C.Therefore D.Besides

5.A.pleased B.excited C.puzzled D.disappointed

6.A.everything B.nothing C.something D.anything

7.A.satisfied B.concerned C.faced D.equipped

8.A.spy B.start C.inspect D.switch

9.A.quit B.hesitate D.try

10.A.message C.notice D.warning

11.A.accident B.defeat C.conflict D.danger

12.A.jumped B.broke C.raced D.sank

13.A.plan B.focus C.aim D.promise

14.A.wildly B.merrily C.silently D.curiously

15.A.increase B.disappear C.gather D.arise

16.A.anxious B.proud C.guilty D.happy

17.A.share B.control C.hide D.spare

18.A.gave B.missed C.attended D.learnt

19.A.sensitive B.attacking C.hurting D.positive B.explanation C.forgiveness D.comfort


    Having proper manners is essential in all aspects of life if you want others to respect you. Here are some of the advantages of having good manners:

Professional manners get positive attention.1.. However, knowing how to do the work isn’t the only thing expected of you. Following the manners rules at work will also help you earn respect and possibly even contribute to promotions and raises.

2.. Show your customers your good manners by speaking to them politely and giving them an opportunity to express their needs, and you are more likely to earn their future business.

Being polite to your friends will keep them calling you.3., they are more likely to include you in activities and events. Treating other people with respect makes them want to be nice back to you. Whether you need help at the grocery store or you have a complaint about a product, showing good manners will make the store employees want to work with you. 4.. Smile at someone, and that just might be the bright spot in his or her day.

Knowing and using proper manners regularly can help with confidence. If you are in the habit of using good manners all the time, which is a sign of respect for others, you won’t have to worry about whether or not you’re doing or saying the right thing. It will come natural to you. 5..

A.Skills on the job are important

B.If you want to make more honest friends

C.Being kind to customers increases sales

D.And then others will respect you more for it

E.Employers are trying to earn much money from their customers

F.When your friends know you care enough to have good manners with them

G.Holding a door for a mom with a baby or an older person can make their day better


    Getting a high grade in an exam depends partly on how much you can remember. So, improving memory is essential to success in studying. But is there anything that we can do about it? One solution might be walking backwards.

According to a new study published in the Journal of Cognition, walking backwards, whether doing it really or just imagining it, can boost (增强) the brainpower in the short term.

In the study, 114 volunteers were asked to watch a video in which a woman had her bag stolen. Then they answered 20 questions about the details shown in the video. Ten minutes after watching the video, the volunteers were divided into three groups. The first two groups were told to move forwards or backwards 10 meters while the third group was asked to stay still on the same point. The researchers found that the backwards-walking group got two more correct answers on average than the other two groups. This suggests that a relationship between the concepts (概念) of time and space is essential to the way our minds form memories.

When we walk backwards, everything we learn becomes strange to us. "This forces the brain to think in a different way—it's a rewiring and changes the focus," US neuropsychologist (神经心理学家) Christine Weber told Forbes. It almost always means that our brain needs to be more active and alert in the limited time. Naturally, our short-term memory will be improved significantly.

Apart from improving our memory, walking backwards also plays an important role in physical health, especially fitness. A study published in Journal of Biomechanics in 2012 found that backward walking puts less strain and requires a smaller range of movements from the knee joints (膝关节). Thus, there's less pressure and pain in the knees.

In addition, walking backwards, compared to forward walking, is more challenging. It requires you to use muscles and movements that you probably rarely use, making it a perfect way to change your exercise routine for greater fitness gains. Meanwhile, by making people put in extra effort, it naturally burns more fat and calories.

1.Which group of people perform best in the memory test?

A.The staying-still group. B.The forwards-walking group.

C.The imaginary-walking group. D.The backwards-walking group.

2.In what way does walking backwards benefit people's health?

A.It can make people slim. B.It can reduce peopled stress.

C.It can strengthen people's joints. D.It can make people more energetic.

3.What do we know about backward walking?

A.It follows our exercise routine.

B.It limits people's thinking time.

C.It directs our focus to important details.

D.It makes people's brain more active and alert.

4.What's the writer's purpose in writing paragraph 4?

A.To add another aspect of the topic.

B.To support the result of the research.

C.To sum up the main idea of the passage.

D.To provide some background information.


    If you walked into a cinema recently, the chances are that you would have felt surrounded by superhero movies. It seems like a new one is released every week. However, once upon a time, there weren't any superhero films. All that changed with the release of the first Superman movie in December, 1978.

The first Superman comic book came out in 1938, and it changed the comic industry. Before Superman, nobody wore a cape (披肩) and nobody had a big logo on their chest. He wasn't the first superhero, but he started the so-called "Golden Age of Comic Books" and his look became the archetype (原型) of all superheroes.

Why did people take to Superman? One of the keys is "wish-fulfillment", his creator Jerry Siegel told CurtainUp. com. Indeed, Superman reflects many of the values and characteristics that people admire.

Superman lives as Clark Kent, a news reporter. However, he can become the superhero whenever he needs to. He can fly, lift any object, see through walls and melt steel with his eyes. He is selfless. He chooses to help the people of the Earth by fighting injustices against them.

Over the years, Superman has had different types of enemies and situations, usually related to the problems people faced. When there was a lot of organized crime in cities in the 1930s, Superman fought bad people. When young men went off to fight Nazi Germany, Superman's motto became "truth and justice". And after World War II (1939-1945), when African-Americans were terrorized by violent hate groups, Superman fought against racism.

Today, Superman enjoys global popularity. We all work or study and care about our families and friends. We see problems that we can't change. Through all of these, we struggle to do our best and also to find personal happiness. Superman is the guy we wish we could be. He can save the world and still get Clark Kent to work on time.

1.Why do people like superman?

A.The image of superman is cool.

B.It has always been a cultural tradition.

C.Superman is popularized by news reporters.

D.People wish to be powerful enough to solve hard problems.

2.What can we infer from paragraph 5?

A.Superman's mission changes with times.

B.Superman's archetype is a news reporter.

C.Superman has the power to solve all problems.

D.Superman went to Germany to fight Nazi in World War II.

3.What does the underlined word “these” in the last paragraph refer to?

A.Superman's heroic deeds.

B.Superman's extraordinary abilities.

C.What happens in people's daily life.

D.What people see in superhero movies.

4.Which of the following does the author support?

A.Superheroes do exist in our life.

B.All problems in society should be solved.

C.People find themselves expressed through Superman.

D.Superhero movies need promotion to be more popular.


    My name is Lwazi Nzimande. I started my schooling at Thukeyana Primary Farm School in Underberg, KwaZulu­Natal.

I had a favourite teacher in primary school. Her name was Miss Dube. She taught me natural science and human social sciences in grade six and seven, and had a way of pushing learners to be able to think for themselves. She made sure that each and every learner took part in every lesson. She used pictures, diagrams (图表) and other things to make learning easier and more unforgettable, moving at a pace that was suitable for all students. As a teacher, she showed patience, respect, open-mindedness, and reliability (可靠性). Now you see why she was my favourite teacher in primary school, don't you?

In my opinion, patience, respect, open-mindedness, and reliability are some of the things that all teachers should have and show. A patient teacher is one who understands that some learners need more explanation than others to understand something in class. He or she should always be willing to help learners. An open-minded teacher will go beyond what is found in the textbook. A teacher who is respected will find it easy to control a class. Respect is earned through what a teacher says to learners or how he or she deals with them in general.

Miss Dube often told us not to bad­mouth or make fun of others. She also did so. She never bad­mouthed other teachers in front of us. Also, Miss Dube never made fun of her learners. She thought making fun of learners in front of others would hurt them and damage their confidence.

Miss Dube was also very honest. From my point of view, that's also what a good teacher should be like. If she didn't have an answer to a question, she would let her learners know. This set a good example to the learners.

1.Why was Miss Dube the author's favourite teacher?

A.Because of her rich knowledge.

B.Because of her good appearance.

C.Because of her teaching style and character.

D.Because of her lifestyle and attitude to students.

2.What does the author think an open-minded teacher should do?

A.Pay close attention to every student's improvement.

B.Tell about something outside the textbook.

C.Avoid believing everything in the textbook.

D.Show great respect for her students.

3.What can we learn about Miss Dube from Paragraph 4?

A.She liked praising her students. B.She was very confident in class.

C.She got along well with other teachers. D.She set a good example to her students.

4.What does the underlined word “This” in the last paragraph mean?

A.Being a very patient teacher. B.Answering students' questions.

C.Being honest in front of students. D.Teaching students very difficult things.


Things to Do in Atlanta

Need a rundown of the top things to do this weekend? Here is what’s on in Atlanta.

In the Mood

Date: May 22 through May 26, 2019

Time: 2:00 p.m. ~ 5:30 p.m.

Phone: 770-916-2800

If you love the music of the 1940s, then here’s what you need to do this Sunday. Go to a 1940s musical show at Cobb Energy Performing Arts Center. The music of Glenn Miller has a distinctive sound. No need to ask me twice. Are you “In the mood”?

Party With the Penguins (企鹅)

Date: May 20 through May 25, 2019

Time: 11:30 a.m. ~ 2:00 p.m.

Phone: 404-581-4000

Celebrate Penguin Awareness Day at Georgia Aquariums annual party with the penguins. The party will feature fun activities, including the chance to see an African penguin up close and learn how to help protect these endangered species.

Callanwolde Arts Festival

Date: May 21 to May 22, 2019

Time: 10:30 a.m. ~ 5:30 p.m.

Phone: 404-872-5338

Located at Callanwolde Fine Arts Center, this event is a festival for artists and by artists, letting them have a voice in the creation and operations of the festival. If you are of the artistic persuasion or enjoy a creative scene, don’t miss out.

Foollio’s Hoodilly Storytime

Date: May 21 through May 27, 2019

Time: 1:00 p.m. ~ 4:30 p.m.

Phone: 404-523-3141

We make up a brand-new story every week. Come and enjoy a new story each time at Dad’s Garage Theater. Little ones will get to help provide key parts of the story and even add in their own jokes. Interactive and out-of-the-ordinary fun for kids and parents!

1.Where should you go if you are a music fan?

A. Georgia Aquarium. B. Dad’s Garage Theater.

C. Callanwolde Fine Arts Center. D. Cobb Energy Performing Arts Center.

2.Which event appeals to animal lovers?

A. In the Mood. B. Party With the Penguins.

C. Callanwolde Arts Festival. D. Foollio’s Hoodilly Storytime.

3.Which number helps sign up for an opportunity if you are crazy about painting?

A. 770-916-2800. B. 404-581-4000.

C. 404-872-5338. D. 404-523-3141.


假定你是李华,你所在的学校英语报征稿一封英文感谢信,以致意奋战在抗击新型冠状病毒肺炎第一线的   医护人员,请你根据下列要点写一封信用于投稿。


1. 表达敬意;

2. 你如何抗疫;

3. 发出学习倡议。

4. 词汇:新冠状病毒:COVID-19







注意:1. 每处错误及其修改均仅限一词。

2. 只允许修改10处,多者(从11处起)不计分。

Reciting Chinese poetry was difficult for most of the foreign students. But for those which took part in the 2019 Tribute to Chinese Classic: International Poem Recitation last week, it’s not. Instead, they was just a way for them to felt the beauty of Chinese poetry.

In August 18, at the University of Toronto Mississauga in Ontario, Canada, about 50 students came together to recite some of the classic Chinese poem. After 3 rounds of hard competition, Peter, a 18-year-old boy, won the first prize in the senior group. He read a famous poem, Invitation to Wine, writing by Li Bai. Thanks to his excellent perform, many teenagers knew much about Chinese poetry than before.



The bicycle is 1. most popular means of transport in China. People ride it for various 2.(purpose) such as going to and from school and work. Bicycles are very cheap and easy 3. (buy) in China.

There are many advantages of riding a bicycle. Firstly, compared with cars 4. are powered by gas, bicycles can do good to 5. (save) energy and reducing the air pollution. Taking up less space, a bicycle can also 6. (lighten) the traffic jams. Most importantly, people can keep 7. (health) by riding a bicycle regularly. view, the future of the bicycle will be bright 9. some city governments have built special paths for bicycle riders and 10. (provide)“public bicycles” to travel round the city center free of charge. Bicycles will be popular again in China.


    For me personally, I could write for days about many different situations where adversity (逆境) _______my life. Now let me tell you one experience where I almost let adversity _______.

We had a glass studio, which was located 50 feet from our home. A couple of years ago we experienced an _______ winter; we had a lot of snow and ice. The _______ of the ice and snow _______ the roof on our studio, taking with it one of our sources of income. _______ it did fall down, we got on the roof and tried to_______ the snow and ice, but when you have 5 feet of ice and temperatures of minus 20 Celsius, it was pretty _______ to do.

We had a partner come in to help us try to _______ the roof by supporting. In the end, there was ________ that could be done. The roof came down. We had moved a lot of our goods and tools from the studio ________ we lost a lot also: glass, kilns, workbenches, to name only a few of the items. It was a ________experience.

Here we were in the middle of winter with our studio collapsed. We couldn't work as we had almost ________ all the material in a building we were not using. We could have done one of two things: we could simply say that we can no longer ________ our glass business. Let me tell you that this was certainly a thought that ________ our mind. Or we could find a way to get our studio back up and running.

We picked the ________ option. We had a large barn that we were not using. So we renovated (翻新) the barn, ________ our working area and today we have a nicer studio than we ________ had. If the adversity we were ________ had not happened, we probably would ________ be working in the old studio — a studio that was less efficient.

1.A.promoted B.influenced C.destroyed D.prevented

2.A.suffer B.escape

3.A.awkward B.awesome C.agreeable D.awful

4.A.size B.height C.weight D.temperature

5.A.collapsed C.pressed D.struck

6.A.Before B.Unless C.Although D.When

7.A.replace B.reduce C.recycle D.remove

8.A.worthwhile B.tough C.rewarding D.annoying

9.A.examine B.test D.restore

10.A.something B.enough C.all D.nothing

11.A.for B.but C.or

12.A.vain B.valid C.disastrous D.treasured

13.A.displayed B.arranged C.piled D.presented

14.A.predict B.conduct C.instruct D.quit

15.A.approached B.crossed C.cleared D.comforted

16.A.latter B.former C.easier D.further

17.A.evaluated B.redesigned C.organized D.reserved

18.A.desperately B.hopefully C.eventually D.previously

19.A.faced with B.concerned about C.cautious about D.aware of

20.A.ever B.already C.even D.still


    Perhaps you’ve heard the old saying “curiosity killed the cat.” It’s a phrase that’s often used to warn people—especially children—not to ask too many questions. 1. In fact, research has shown that curiosity is just as important as intelligence in determining how well students do in school.

Curiosity can also lead us to make unexpected discoveries, bring excitement into our lives, and open up new possibilities. 2. For example, one day in 1831, Michael Faraday was playing around with a coil(线圈) and a magnet(磁铁) when he suddenly saw how he could produce an electrical current. At first, it wasn’t clear what use this would have, but it actually made electricity available for use in technology, and so changed the world.

3.On one level, this is because technology has become so advanced that many of us are unable to think too deeply about how exactly things work anymore. While it may be possible for a curious teenager to take a toaster apart and get some sense of how it works, how much do you understand about what happens when you type a website address into a browser? Where does your grasp of technology end and the magic begin for you?

In addition to this, there’s the fact that we all now connect so deeply with technology, particularly with our phones. The more we stare at our screens, the less we talk to other people directly. 4.Then we feel we know enough about a person not to need to engage further with them.

The final—and perhaps most worrying—way in which technology stops us from asking more has to do with algorithms, the processes followed by computers. As we increasingly get our news via social media, algorithms find out what we like and push more of the same back to us. 5.Perhaps the real key to developing curiosity in the 21st century, then, is to rely less on the tech tools of our age.

A.It is still not known why learning gives us such pleasure.

B.We are always encouraged to challenge our pre-existing beliefs.

C.Yet it’s widely agreed that curiosity actually makes learning more effective.

D.All too often we accept the images of people that social media provides us with.

E.However, curiosity is currently under the biggest threat, coming from technology.

F.In science, basic curiosity-driven research can have unexpected important benefits.

G.That means we end up inside our own little bubbles, no longer coming across new ideas.


    If you’re DIY-minded, you can build your own solar power system. In some cases, you can even build your own solar panels (电池板), although the amount that you can effectively DIY home solar depends on how much you want to power. Making your own solar panel is a time-consuming process and requires some electrical skills. However, it can also be very rewarding-learning to build your own panel is a great way to understand how solarelectricity is generated.

Before you can build your own solar panels, you first need to understand how solar cells generate electricity. Once you’ve bought individual solar cells (they can be purchased online), the basic process for building your own solar panel goes like this: Prepare the backing for your panel. Many DIY solar panel builders prefer to use a wooden board as the base for their solar cell. You’ll need to drill holes in the board so that the wires for each cell can pass through. Wire your solar cells together. This requires some experience with electrical work. Use a soldering iron (烙铁) to attach wire to the solar cells and then link each of the cells together. Attach cells to your backing. If possible, attach each solar cell to the backing individually. This makes it easier to replace a single cell in the event that becomes damaged or is not operating properly.

At this point you have a functional solar panel that can produce electricity when the sun shines. However, a solar panel by itself is not useful. If you are trying to generate electricity to power devices in your home, you need to pair your panel with an inverter (换流器) that will turn direct current (DC) power from the sun into the alternating current (AC) power used in most modern electronic devices.

1.What does the author think of building DIY solar panel in the first paragraph?

A.It is easy. B.It is necessary. C.It is common D.It is worthwhile

2.What’s the first step of building your own solar panels?

A.Master the advanced knowledge- of management.

B.Buy individual solar cells.

C.Prepare the backing for your panel.

D.Drill holes in the wooden board.

3.Why are solar cells connected to the wooden board separately?

A.To produce more power.

B.To substitute damaged cells easily.

C.To attach cells to the backing tightly.

D.To pass through the wooden board easily.

4.What can be inferred from the text?

A.People with electrical skills have advantages over those without in DIY solar panels.

B.A functional solar panel can give power to your home devices directly.

C.How to pair an inverter depends on how much you want to power.

D.a wooden board is a must for your own solar panels.


    Failure is probably the most exhausting experience a person ever has. There is nothing more tiring than not succeeding.

We experience this tiredness in two ways: as start-up fatigue (疲惫) and performance fatigue. In the former case, we keep putting off a task because it has either too boring or too difficult. And the longer we delay it, the more tired we feel.

Such start-up fatigue is very real, even if not actually physical, not something in our muscles and bones. The solution is obvious though perhaps not easy to apply: always handle the most difficult job first.

Years ago, I was asked to write 102 essays on the great ideas of some famous authors. Applying my own rule, I determined to write them in alphabetical order, never letting myself leave out a tough idea. And I always started the day’s work with the difficult task of essay-writing. Experience proved that the rule works.

Performance fatigue is more difficult to handle. Though willing to get started, we cannot seem to do the job right. Its difficulties appear so great that, however hard we work, we fail again and again. In such a situation, I work as hard as I can—then let the unconscious take over.

When planning Encyclopedia Britannica( 《大英百科全书》), I had to create a table of contents based on the topics of its articles. Nothing like this had ever been done before, and day after day I kept coming up with solutions, but none of them worked. My fatigue became almost unbearable.

One day, mentally exhausted, I wrote down all the reasons why this problem could not be solved. I tried to convince myself that the trouble was with the problem itself, not with me. Relived, I sat back in an easy chair and fell asleep.

An hour later, I woke up suddenly with the solution clearly in mind. In the weeks that followed, the solution which had come up in my unconscious mind proved correct at every step. Though I worked as hard as before, I felt no fatigue. Success was now as exciting as failure had been depressing.

Human beings, I believe, must try to succeed. Success, then, means never feeling tired.

1.People with start-up fatigue are most likely to           . hard

B.delay tasks help

D.accept failure

2.On what occasion does a person probably suffer from performance fatigue?

A.Before starting a difficult task.

B.After finding a way out.

C.If the job is rather boring.

D.When all the solutions fail.

3.According to the author, the unconscious mind may help us          .

A.find the right solution

B.get some nice sleep

C.gain complete relief

D.ignore mental problems

4.What could be the best title for the passage?

A.Success Is Built upon Failure

B.How to Handle Performance Fatigue

C.Getting over Fatigue: A Way to Success

D.Fatigue: An Early Sign of Health Problems


One of my wonderful memories is about a Christmas gift.Unlike other gifts, it came without wrap(包装).

On September11th.1958.Mum gave birth to Richard.After she brought him home from hospital, she put him in my lap, saying."I promised you a gift, and here it is." What an honor! I turned four a month earlier and none of my friends had such a baby doll of their own.I played with it day and night.I sang to it.I told it stories.1 told it over and over how much I loved it!

One morning, however, I found its bed empty.My doll was gone! I cried for it.Mum wept and told me that the poor little thing had been sent to a hospital.It had a fever.For several days, I heard Mum and Dad whispering such words as "hopeless", "pitiful", and "dying", which sounded ominous.

Christmas was coming."Don’t expect any presents this year." Dad said, pointing at the socks I hung in the living room."If your baby brother lives, that'll be Christmas enough." As he spoke, his eyes filled with tears.I'd never seen him cry before.

The phone rang early on Christmas morning.Dad jumped out of bed to answer it.From my bedroom I heard him say."What? He's all right?" He hung up and shouted upstairs."The hospital said we can bring Richard home!" "Thank God.'" I heard Mum cry.

From the upstairs window, I watched my parents rush out to the car.I had never seen them happy.And I was also full of joy.What a wonderful day! My baby doll would be home.I downstairs.My sacks still hung there flat.But I knew they were not empty; they were filled with love!

1.what happened to the author on September 11 1958 ?

A.He got a baby brother

B.He got a Christmas gift

C.He became four years old

D.He received a doll

2.What does the underlined word “ominous” in Paragraph 3 probably mean?

A.Impossible. B.Boring

C.Difficult D.Fearful

3.Which word can best describe the feeling of the father when Christmas was coming?

A.Excitement. B.Happiness.

C.Sadness. D.Disappointment.

4.What is the passage mainly about?

A.A sad Christmas day

B.Life with a lovely baby

C.A special Christmas gift

D.Memories of a happy family


Sydney Cultural Festival What’s on today!

European Art Show

Location: Art Gallery of New South Wales. Today is the final day of the exhibition featuring 18th and 19th century paintings by some of the greatest European artists, such as Van Gough and Monet. Posters of these great works are available for purchase at the Visitors’ Centre.

Time: 8:30 am –7 pm

Cost: $12 adults; $7 children and students

Nature Walks

Location: Sydney’s Royal Botanic Garden. Come and celebrate our natural environment in one of the world’s only nature parks inside a major city. Join our hourly guided tours, starting at the Eastern Gate, and enjoy breathtaking forests, stunning city escapes and the magnificent Sydney Harbour.

Time: 9 am – 4 pm

Cost: Free

Sydney Symphony Orchestra Concert

Location: Sydney Opera House. Australia’s most famous orchestra is best known for its performances of classical French and German music. But in tonight’s concert, the world-famous Chinese pianist Lang Lang is the special guest artist and will perform a series of classic Chinese compositions including Yellow River.

Time: 8:30 pm –11:30 pm

Cost: $175 adults; $90 students and children

Moonlight Cinema

Location: Centennial Park. Sit on the grass and enjoy the latest movies or classics from the past under the stars at Australia’s best and largest outdoor cinema. Tonight features the wonderful Australian film Red Dog. Besides the movie, there will be a display of classic Australian film posters.

Time: 8pm – 10:30pm

Cost: $19 adults; $14 children and students

1.Where should people wishing to join a Nature Walk meet?

A.The Visitors’ Centre. B.The Harbour Bridge.

C.The Eastern Gate. D.The guides’ building.

2.What kind of music will be played at the Opera House this evening?

A.Australian. B.German.

C.French. D.Chinese.

3.How many of today’s festival activities take place outside?

A.1. B.2.

C.3. D.4.


你受学生会委托为校宣传栏“英语天地”写一则通知,请大家观看一部英文短片Growing Together,内容包括:

1. 短片内容:学校的发展;

2. 放映时间、地点;

3. 欢迎对短片提出意见。

注意:1. 词数100左右;

2. 可以适当增加细节,以使行文连贯。







增加: 在此处加一个漏字符号(∧),并在其下面写出修改的词。

删除: 把多余的词用斜线(\)划掉。

修改: 在错的词下划一横线,并在其下面写出修改后的词。

注意: 1. 每处错误及其修改均仅限一词;

2. 只允许修改10处,多者(从11处起)不计分。

I went to buy some traditional Chinese medicine on last Sunday. Just before leaving the drugstore, I noticed that some foreigners seem to have difficulty communicate with the assistant. I went over to ask if I needed. The assistant told me that she couldn’t make herself understand about how to boil the mixture correctly. Learning that I could give them the hand, they were relieved. Without some troubleI translated that the assistant wanted to say. Both sides expressed thanks to me. I was delighted to help other. More importantlyas a ChineseI felt proudly to see foreigners try traditional Chinese medicine.



Some people are great at remembering faces. While, there is evidence1. for some people, remembering a face can be difficult. Even for others, remembering a face may be impossible. Such people have a condition 2. (call) “face blindness”. Its actual name is Developmental Prosopagnosia, or DP 3. short.

Experts say DP can differ greatly from patient to patient. In less severe cases, people are unable to describe the face of someone they have just met. In severe cases, people cannot even recognize4. (they) own children in a group photo.

Those, 5. have DP, show no clear signs. Take Dacia for example. If you met her, you probably wouldn’t know that she suffered brain damage as a child. There would be no sign of it until you meet her 6. second time. She wouldn’t remember you at all. Dacia has mostly recovered from her 7. (injure). But now, she suffers form face blindness.

Once face blindness 8. (think) to be very rare. But recent 9. (study) have shown that it might be more common than experts thought. The study on face blindness will not directly lead to any treatments. However, it could lead to a much 10. (deep) understanding of how we all remember the world around us.


    Word came that a 13-year-old girl fell into a sewer(下水道) and was rescued. The girl,  Alice, was _______for more than 12 hours in the city's _______underground sewage system. It was filled with waste liquids and other waste materials _______ a  a disgusting smell, which was _______.

Alice had been playing at a public park with other kids during a family _______on Sunday. At one point, the children were on pieces of wood that _______ an opening leading to the sewage system. One of the wooden boards _______suddenly. Then Alice quickly fell about six meters down and _______ in fast-moving waste water. The other children _______told adults what had just happened. The adults quickly made an emergency call for help. Rescuers immediately began ________ Alice underground— they set cameras on floatation devices, which they put into the sewage system.

Rescuers finally________ Alice after seeing image of fingerprints on a pipe. A crew of ________ also hurried to the area and opened a hole. The first thing they heard from the girl was “help!”. Hearing Alice's cry, the workers lowered down a ________ and strong rope to her. The girl ________ onto the rope while the workers ________ her up. By the time Alice was found, about 700 meters of pipes had been ________ during a 12-hour period, she was taken to the hospital for a full ________ examination and then to ________ with her family.

More than 100 people took part in the rescue ________, Alice was able to find a small area of breathable air and ________ there until she was found.

1.A.protected B.hidden C.arrested D.trapped

2.A.shallow B.dangerous C.dry D.unknown off away C.going through D.going over B.refreshing C.useful D.poisonous

5.A.debate B.gathering C.planning D.division

6.A.carved B.indicated C.decorated D.covered

7.A.broke B.destroyed C.disappeared D.fell

8.A.died B.landed C.marched D.swam

9.A.awkwardly B.amusingly C.instantly D.constantly

10.A.searching for B.enquiring about C.turning to D.calming down

11.A.persuaded B.inspired C.found D.seized

12.A.children B.workers C.parents D.photographers

13.A.thin B.short C.loose D.long

14.A.came B.caught C.held D.took

15.A.pulled B.hung C.pushed D.woke

16.A.sold B.selected C.removed D.inspected

17.A.physical B.mental C.considerable D.respectable

18.A.compromise B.part C.reunite D.join B.operation C.program D.scheme

20.A.dashed B.glared C.waited D.served


    There are many kinds of book clubs where members discuss a different book every month.What about dinner clubs,where people get together once a month or four times a year to make and eat dinner?In the dinner club that I joined,the hostess of the dinner club would prepare a big dinner first.1. This was the beginning of our dinner club.

There are two variations of a dinner club.One has a group of people who try a  different restaurant once a month2.When they all meet,they order and share different  dishes.This is a great idea,especially if you live in a big city where there are hundreds of  different restaurants.

3.One way is to have the hostess for the month decide on a type of food.The  hostess is responsible for cooking the entrees.The other members make different courses at  home,like salad and dessert,and bring them to the dinner club.For an even more exciting and interactive type of dinner clubs,the entire group comes together in the hostess 'kitchen.4.In this way the members of the group not only learn about different types of food, but also different methods of cooking.

The great thing about a dinner club is that it serves in many different ways.You can make the dinner club even more special one month by inviting partners.5.A stay-at-home mother can get a couple of other stay-at-home mothers together and start a children's lunch club.If you have a group of friends that love to get together and experiment with different types of food,the possibilities are endless!

A.They prepare the entire meal in a group effort.

B.Usually one member decides on the restaurant.

C.Then the members would begin discussing the food.

D.They are like-minded people with similar education level.

E.The second kind of dinner clubs has many different forms.

F.It offers regular well-organized social events in selected places.

G.Couples can get together for some food and great conversations.


    In an era when fashion trends can change in a nanosecond(纳秒), people want to keep pace. They'll wear a look a few times and then move on to the next one. In reality, most people can't really afford this.

To meet this demand, online clothing rental services are growing in popularity. Shoppers can pay money online to rent the clothes they need, says the Fashion United website. The first company to put this idea into practice is Rent the Runway. The United States — based company has hit a $ 1 billion valuation. CEO Jennifer Hyman credits its success to the concepts of the sharing economy. She believes that the clothing rental business and the idea of dynamic ownership is a trend in the young generation. “The millennium generation(千禧一代)the consumer, is so ready to adopt this behavior.” Hyman told CNBC.

She also points out that working women make up one of the biggest consumer groups subscribing to their services. They want more clothes but they have limited space and ability to purchase new fashion. “Rent the Runway can be a solution for them,” Hyman told CNBC, “where they can dress for the job they want and save money and time.”

Although the clothing rental business has many advantages, people still have some concerns. Journalist and author Elizabeth Cline wrote in Elle that “Renting the clothes is not as sustainable as it seems.”

Take shipping, for example, which has to go two ways if an item is rented—receiving and returning. Cline writes that consumer transportation has the second largest footprint of our collective fashion habit after manufacturing. Then there's the burden of washing, which has to happen to every item when it's returned, regardless of whether or not it was worn. For most rental services, this usually means dry—-cleaning, a high— impact and polluting process. “They can produce hazardous waste and air pollution if not handled correctly, and they're often paired with stain removers that are more toxic than the solvents themselves,” she told the Fashion Platforms website.

1.What is the article mainly about?

A.The fast changes of fashion trends.

B.The development of the sharing economy.

C.What contributes to the popularity of online clothing rental services.

D.The advantages and disadvantages of online clothing rental services.

2.What is behind the success of Rent the Runway according to Hyman?

A.Different fashion tastes. B.Growth of delivery services.

C.The trend of the sharing economy. D.The financial pressures facing consumers.

3.What is the main problem of online clothing subscription services, according to the text?

A.Consumers tend to rent more than they need.

B.They could lead to other unsustainable fashion habits.

C.The shipping and washing involved are not environmentally friendly.

D.People can catch infectious diseases by renting clothes from sick people.

4.According to the passage, the author's attitude towards the rental service is

A.supportive B.indifferent

C.objective D.passive


    Any foreigner who has tried to learn Chinese can tell how hard it is to master the tones required to speak and understand. And anyone who has tried to learn to play the violin or other instruments can report similar challenges.

Now researchers have found that people with musical training have an easier time learning Chinese. Writing in the online edition of Nature Neuroscience, researchers from Northwestern University say that both skills draw on the same parts of the brain that help people discover changes in pitch(音高).

One of the study's authors, Nina Kraus, said the findings suggested that studying music ''actually tunes our sensory system''. This means that schools that want children to do well in languages should hesitate before cutting music programs, Dr. Kraus said. She said music training might also help children with language problems.

Mandarin(普通话)speakers have been shown to have a more complex encoding(编码) of pitch patterns in their brains than English speakers do. This is because in Mandarin and other Asian languages, pitch plays a central role. A single-syllable word can have several meanings depending on how it is intoned.

For this study, the researchers looked at 20 non-Chinese speaking volunteers, half with no musical background and half who have studied an instrument for at least six years.

As they were shown a movie, the volunteers also heard an audio tape of the Mandarin word ''mi'' in three of its meanings: squint, bewilder and rice. The researchers recorded activities in their brain stems to see how well they were processing the sounds. Those with a music background showed much more brain activities in response to the Chinese sounds.

The lead author of the study, Patrick C. M. Wong, said it might work both ways. It appears that native speakers of tonal languages may do better at learning instruments.

1.When learning Chinese, a foreigner will find _____. difficult to learn music at the same time not difficult to learn music at the same time hard to master the tones required to speak and understand easy to use the brain to help him discover changes in pitch

2.Why does Chinese learning have something to do with music training?

A.Because there is the same difficulty in learning Chinese and music.

B.Because skills to learn the two make use of the same parts of the brain.

C.Because music training might help people with language study.

D.Because people who do well in Chinese study do well in music.

3.The underlined word ''intoned'' in the fourth paragraph can be replaced by the word ''_____''.

A.created B.spelled

C.seemed D.pronounced

4.What would be the best title of this passage?

A.Mandarin Speakers Are Smarter than English Speakers

B.Skilled Ear for Music May Help Language Study

C.Pitch Plays a Central Role in Chinese Learning

D.Schools Need to Develop Music Programs


    In a foreign country, a man visited a local restaurant. He didn’t speak their language. He ordered something indecipherable off the menu. When the waiter brought him a plate of delicious looking fried noodles, he smiled and made an OK sign at the waiter with his thumb and forefinger linked in a circle. Looking angry, the waiter then picked up the dish and thrown it to his lap. What he did wrong, he wondered. Well, nothing is quite as it seems when it comes to using hand gesture in another country.

Gestures have been used to replace words in many countries, and they are often specific to a given culture. Gesture may mean something complimentary in one culture, but is highly offensive in another.

The gesture “thumb-up” is commonly misinterpreted. In English, it is popularly known as ‘thumbs up’, despite the fact that the action is commonly performed with only one hand. English-speaking Caucasians use it to signal ‘OK’, which is the same meaning as O.K. ring gesture. The two can in fact be used almost interchangeably.

Avoid using this gesture in Southern Sardina or Northern Greece unless you want to invite a fight. While American, British and Australian would use the thumb up to signal hitch-hiking to the drivers, this message will not encourage a Greek driver or motorist to stop to give them a ride.

There are no right or wrong signals, only cultural differences. Lack of cultural understanding will lead to disharmony among people from different cultures. When we know what to look for, such encounters with other cultures are actually very interesting, fascinating and fun. It is certainty a great topic to discuss over a cup of coffee and cakes.

1.What did the man in the first paragraph do wrong?

A.He misunderstood the waiter. B.He made the signal in a rude way.

C.He ordered something off the menu. D.He didn’t realize cultural differences.

2.What does the underlined word in the second paragraph mean?

A.Full of aggression. B.Full of admiration.

C.Full of complexity. D.Full of certainty.

3.What will happen if you make a thumb up toward a man in Northern Greece?

A.He will stop to give you a lift.

B.He will ask you to give him a HA.

C.He will get annoyed and fight against you.

D.He will make the same signal toward you.

4.What’s the purpose of the passage?

A.To tell stories about different cultures.

B.To advise us to have an understanding of cultural differences.

C.To explain the meaning of different gestures.

D.To persuade people from different countries to live in harmony.


    With schools close in the UK during the COVID-19 outbreak, most children must now be homeschooled. Parents have found themselves not only having to balance work and having the children at home but also having to try and teach them. How can you keep your children focused while learning?

Nicola Anderson--Head of Customer Support at the UK’s leading online tutoring service My Tutor, provides new, up-to-date tips to hearten parents at this difficult time and advises how they can structure their children’s days.

One is to keep to a regular timetable so it still feels like your child is taking part in the school day. Ms Anderson said, “Children of all ages do well on routine and boundaries; schools provide this in abundance and it will make most children feel secure and happy if they can follow a similar timetable for their homeschooling.”

Another tip is to create an environment which is favorable to learning. She said, “The environment should be free from distractions and ideally near to an open window, to provide them with appropriate levels of fresh air and natural light. Some children find it comfortable and helpful to have quiet, instrumental music playing in the background to help them to focus, but this isn’t for everyone.”

Using technology to help with your child’s learning is also advised. Many schools are offering online classes and resources to help and companies are reducing or even not charging their fees during this time.

It is also important to keep physical exercise as a part of your routine. Joe Wicks, otherwise known as The Body Coach, has been keeping kids healthy with daily 10 minute workouts for children on his Youtube channel. Ms Anderson said, “It can be anything from running around the garden, walking the dog, a game of football or dancing around your living room!“

1.Who is the text intended for?

A.Students B.Teachers.

C.Coaches. D.Parents.

2.What may Nicola Anderson agree?

A.To allow children to adjust schedule freely.

B.To offer children peaceful study environment.

C.To recommend high-tech to online schools.

D.To combine routine with kids’ mental health.

3.What is the text mainly about?

A.How to improve homeschooling efficiency.

B.How to obtain online learning resources.

C.How to study attentively at home.

D.How to design a proper schedule.


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