One day,a college student was taking a walk with a professor. As they went along, they saw a pair of old shoes lying in the path. They supposed the shoes belonged to a poor man who was employed in a field close by, and who had nearly finished his day’s word.

    The student turned to the professor, saying, “ Let’s play a trick on him: we can hide his shoes, and hide ourselves behind those bushes, and wait to see his confusion when he cannot find them”.

    “My young friend,” answered the professor, “we should never amuse ourselves at the expense of the poor. But you are rich, and may give yourself a much greater pleasure by helping the poor man. Put a coin into each shoe, and then we hide ourselves and watch how the discovery will affect him.”

    The student did so, and they both placed themselves behind the bushes close by. The poor man soon finished his work, and walked across the field to the path where he had left his coat and shoes.While putting on his cote he slipped his foot into one of his shoes,feeling something hard. He bent down to feel what it was, and found the coin. Astonishment and wonder were seen on his face.

    He fixed his eyes on the coin, turned it round, and looked at it again and again. He then looked on all sides, but no person was seen. He put the money into his pocket, and continued to put on the other shoe, but his surprise was doubled on finding the other coin. His feelings overcame him. He fell upon his knees, looked up to heaven and cried a sincere thanksgiving, in which he spoke of his wife, sick and helpless, and his children without bread, Whom the timely help, from some unknown hand, would save from dying

    The student stood there, deeply affected, and his eyes filled with tears“Now,”said the professor,“aren’t you much more pleased to do than to play your intended trick?”

    The student replied,“You have taught me a lesson which I will never forget.”

1.The student wanted to play a trick on the poor man to ______

A. find the truth    B. show his wisdom

C. amuse himself    D. teach him a lesson

2.After finding the two coins, the man felt______

A. Helpless    B. interested    C. peaceful    D. thankful

3.We can know from the passage that the professor is ______

A. wise    B. rich    C. humorous    D. serious

4.What dose the story intend to tell us

A. A small act of kindness brings great joy

B. God helps those who help themselves

C. Where there is a will, there is a way

D. Actions speak louder than words


Bali(巴厘岛) is an Indonesia island that is rich in indigenous (本土的) cultureA lot of people say that Balinese culture is unique and that the people of Bali have always been contented with the “now”If you ask a Balinese person what heaven is like, the probable answer will be "just like Bali"This only goes to show that most Balinese people are happy to be where they are and never worry

    One factor that contributes to this laid-back lifestyle is the culture of close family ties in BaliIn the Balinese culture, support is always availableBalinese extended families are so tightly knit that all members usually reside in the same complex

Hinduism(印度教)is one of the main religions in Bali.The Balinese culture is based on a form of this religion, which is called “Hindu Dharma”This religion reached the island during the eleventh centuryMost of the family customs and traditions as well as community lifestyles of the Balinese people are influenced by thisThe religious influence even expands widely into the arts, which makes Bali distinct(不同于) from the rest of Indonesia

    In spite of the fact that tourists flood to the island every year, the Balinese people have managed to conserve their cultureAlmost every native of Bali is an artist in some form or anotherParents and villagers have passed on their skills to their children, who all seem to have inclinations (意愿) either to music, dance, painting, and decor

Another remarkable mark of the Balinese culture is the series of ceremonies and rituals(仪式) known as the Manusa YadnyaThis marks the different stages of Balinese lifeCremation (火葬) is very popular on this islandand unlike in the West, death is a joyous and colorful event for the Balinese

1.What do we know about the Balinese according to the first two paragraphs?

A. They lead a very relaxing but unhealthy life

B. They live in large families and are close to each other

C. Their family members are distributed in different places

D. Their extended families live too close together to get along well

2.The underlined word “conserve” in Para4 can be best replaced by “____”

A. preserve    B. spread    C. Form    D. expand

3.What is the text mainly about?

A. The Balinese religion    B. The lifestyle of Balinese

C. Balinese culture    D. The tourism in Bali.



陈述你对于吸烟危害的重新认识及所采 用的有效的戒烟方法,并表达对祖父的感激之情。



1. 在信中要包括两点对于吸烟危害的认识和两点有效的戒烟方法。

2. 不要分条列举,可适当增加细节。

3. 字数:120左右。

Dear Grandad,

   It is a peaceful night while I'm sitting at the computer writing to you with a willing heart.











Yours truly,



Dear Editor,

I am writing tell you about the discussion we’ve had about whether it is necessary of middle school students to have mobile phones. Most students think this is more convenient for them to keep in the touch with their parents and classmates. And what’s much, it’s a fashion. However, most teachers think middle school students are not old enough to control them. It is a waste of time for students to play games and sending messages on their mobile phones. Therefore, it is easy to make students contact with each other. In my opinion, following the fashion was understandable. But as middle school student, we should put all our energy into our study.

Yours truly,



Once there lived a rich man1.wanted to do something for the people of his town.2.first he wanted to find out whether they deserved his help.

In the centre of the main road into the town, he placed3.very large stone. Then he4.(hide ) behind a tree and waited. Soon an old man came along with his cow.

“Who put this stone in the centre of the road?” said the old man, but he did not try to remove the stone. Instead, with some difficulty he passed around the stone and continued on his came along and did the same thing; then another came, and another. All of them complained about the stone but not tried to remove  6.. Late in the afternoon a young man came along. He saw the stone7.(say) to himself: “The night8.(be) very dark. Some neighbors will come along later in the dark and will fall against the stone.”                

Then he began to move the stone. He pushed and pulled with all his9.(strong) to move it. How great was his surprise at last!10.the stone, he found a bag of money.


The books in David’s schoolbag felt like bricks as he ran down the street. What he wanted to do was to play basketball with Eric, _______ his mother told him he would have to return his sister’s books to the library first.

He had _________ set foot in a library and he wasn’t about to do so today. He would just _________ the books in the outside return box. But there was a_________: it was locked.

    He went into the building, only a few minutes ___________ closing time. He put the books into the return box. And after a brief _________ in the toilet, he would be on his way to the playground to_________ Eric.

    David stepped out of the toilet and stopped in _________ —the library lights were off. The place was _______. The doors had been shut. They__________ be opened from the inside. He was trapped—in a library!

    He tried to __________ a telephone call, but was unable to ____________. What’s worse, the play phones were on the outside of the building.________ the sun began to set, he searched for a light and found it.

    __________he could see. David wrote on a piece of paper: “________! I’m TRAPPED inside!” and stuck it to the glass door. __________, someone passing by would see it.

    He was surprised to discover that this place was not so unpleasant, __________. Rows and rows of shelves held books, videos and music. He saw a book about Michael Jordan and took it off the shelf. He settled into a chair and started to __________.

    He knew he had to__________, but now, that didn’t seem to be such a__________ thing.

1.A. or    B. because    C. but    D. since

2.A. ever    B. never    C. nearly    D. often

3.A. drop    B. pass    C. carry    D. take

4.A. case    B. mistake    C. question    D. problem

5.A. during    B. before    C. over    D. after

6.A. rest    B. break    C. stop    D. walk

7.A. meet    B. visit    C. catch    D. greet

8.A. delight    B. surprise    C. anger    D. eagerness

9.A. lonely    B. noisy    C. empty    D. crowded

10.A. wouldn’t    B. needn’t    C. shouldn’t    D. couldn’t

11.A. make    B. fix    C. use    D. pick

12.A. get on    B. get up    C. get in    D. get through

13.A. As    B. If    C. Though    D. Until

14.A. On time    B. Now and then    C. At last    D. By the way

15.A. Help    B. Hello    C. Come    D. Sorry

16.A. Truly    B. Surely    C. Thankfully    D. Gradually

17.A. at most    B. as usual    C. in short    D. after all

18.A. read    B. play    C. watch    D. write

19.A. stand    B. wait    C. sleep    D. work

20.A. cool    B. strange    C. bad    D. nice


Learning a second language

Nowadays, more and more people are learning a second language. So why should we invest time in learning a second language? Is it worth it? What are the benefits of learning a second language? Let us see.


If your work involves regular contact with speakers of foreign languages, being able to talk to them in their own languages will help you to communicate with them better. It may also help you to make sales and to negotiate and secure contracts. Knowledge of foreign languages may also increase your chance of finding a new job, getting a promotion or a transfer overseas, or of going on foreign business trips.


Needless to say, being able to speak a foreign language, for example, the Japanese, would benefit you a lot when you are travelling to Japan. Being able to speak the language of the target country will save you a lot of communication trouble and inconvenience. 3.


If you are a high school student or a college student who is interested in going abroad for further education, then you will, in all possibility, have to learn the language of the country where you wish to move to, for further studies. 4.


Learning a second language can help in broadening one’s horizon, it can help in learning about the culture of that particular country and it can pave the way for new interests and hobbies. Not only can you enjoy forms of art and literature connected with the new language, but you can also meet new people, make new friends and develop long-lasting relationships…all on the basis of learning a new language.

A. Travel

B. Career

C. Personal Growth

D. Challenging Yourself

E. You may be required to study a particular language at school, college or university.

F. If you are fond of tourism, then knowledge of the local language is a must—have to avoid bad experiences or discomfort.

G. In some cases or countries, being able to speak that country’s national language is a must for students wishing to pursue education in that country.


About 70 scientists were working on a very busy project. All of them felt really desperate due to the pressure of work and the demands of their boss but everyone was loyal to him and did not think of quitting their job.

One day, one scientist came to his boss and told him, “Sir, I’ve promised to take my children to the exhibition going on in our township so I want to leave at 5:30 p. m.” His boss replied, “OK. You’re permitted to leave the office early today.”

The scientist started working. He continued his work after lunch. As usual, he got involved to such an extent that he looked at his watch only when he felt he was close to completion. The time was 8:30 p. m. suddenly he remembered his promise to the children. He looked for his boss but he was not there. Having told him in the morning himself, he closed everything and left for home. Deep within himself, he was feeling guilty for having disappointed his children. He reached home. The children were not there. His wife alone was sitting in the hall and reading magazines. The situation was explosive; any talk would boomerang on him. His wife asked him, “Would you like to have coffee or shall I straight away serve dinner if you are hungry?” The man replied, “If you would like to have coffee, I too will have but what about the children?” His wife replied, “You don’t know? Your boss came here at 5:15 p. m. and has taken them to the exhibition.”

What had really happened was the boss who gave him permission was observing him working seriously at 5:00 p. m. He thought to himself: this person will not leave the work, but he’s promised to take his children to the exhibition. So he took the lead in taking them there. The boss does not have to do it every time. But once it’s done, loyalty is established.

That is why all the scientists at Thumba continued to work under their boss even though the stress was extraordinarily huge. By the way, can you boldly guess who the boss was? He was none other than the mastermind behind India’s successful nuclear weapons program, Dr. APJ Abdul Kalam, former president of India.

1.The scientist asked for an early leave because ________.

A. he felt increasingly desperate about his work

B. he’d promised to take his kids to a show

C. the task at hand was close to completion

D. he meant to accompany his wife at dinner

2.The underlined sentence implies that the scientist thought his wife was ________.

A. ready to serve dinner for him    B. dissatisfied with his coming home late

C. grateful to his kind- hearted boss    D. delighted to see him back home

3.The boss took children to the exhibition ________.

A. when it was too late for the scientist to do so

B. when the man’s wife asked him to do so

C. because the scientist was absorbed in his work

D. because he also wanted to see what was on show

4.All the scientists stayed loyal to their boss ________.

A. because he had power over them

B. to learn how to live under pressure

C. out of gratefulness for his thoughtfulness

D. every time he took the children to the show


Sports can help you keep fit and get in touch with nature. However, whether you are on the mountains, in the waves, or on the grassland, you should be aware that your sport of choice might have great influence on the environment.

Some sports are resource-hungry. Golf, as you may know, eats up not only large areas of countryside, but also tons of water. Besides, all sorts of chemicals and huge amounts of energy are used to keep its courses(球场) in good condition. This causes major environmental effects. For example, in the dry regions of Portugal and Spain, golf is often held responsible for serious water shortage in some local areas.

There are many environment-friendly sports. Power walking is one of them that you could take up today. You don't need any special equipment except a good pair of shoes; and you don't have to worry about resources and your purse. Simple and free, power walking can also keep you fit. If you walk regularly, it will be good for your heart and bones. Experts say that 20 minutes of power walking daily can make you feel less anxious, sleep well and have better weight control.

Whatever sport you take up, you can make it greener by using environment-friendly equipment and buying products made from recycled materials. But the final goal should be "green gyms". They are better replacements(代替物) for traditional health clubs and modern sports centers. Members of green gyms play sports outdoors, in the countryside or other open spaces. There is no special requirement for you to start your membership. And best of all, it's free.

1.Which of the following is the author most probably in favor of?

A. Motor racing in the desert.

B. Cycling around a lake.

C. Playing basketball in a gym

D. Swimming in a sports center.

2.The author uses power walking as an example mainly because_________.

A. it is an outdoor sport

B. it improves our health

C. it uses fewer resources

D. it is recommended by experts

3.What do we know about golf from the passage?

A. It is popular in Portugal and Spain.

B. It needs water and electricity to keep its courses green.

C. It pollutes the earth with chemicals and wastes.

D. It causes water shortages around the world.

4.The author writes the passage to ________.

A. show us the function of major sports

B. discuss the major influence of popular sports

C. encourage us to go in for green sports

D. introduce different types of environment-friendly sports


Houses fall down. Trees fall over. Large holes form in the ground. Could Alaska be sinking? That’s what some villagers in Alaska have been asking themselves recently and scientists think they know why. Warmer temperatures may be causing Alaska’s frozen ground to thaw (解冻).

About 85 percent of Alaska’s land surface has permafrost (永久冻结带). Permafrost supports the ground above it—including trees, houses, and roads. But why is the permafrost thawing?

Some scientists say that human-caused pollution is leading to global warming. And most scientists agree that Alaska has been getting warmer. They say that the warmer temperature is causing permafrost to thaw in some areas. The thawing permafrost can cause problems for people, plants, and animals.

The collapsing (倒塌) is a problem in the villages in Alaska which are built on permafrost, and some of them may have to move to safer ground, where there is no permafrost.

The Alaskan town of Glennallen saw its old post office collapse. And, according to James Walters, a permafrost expert at the University of Northern Iowa, house-moving companies have been very busy.

“Melting permafrost can also destroy trees and forests,” Walters said. “When holes in the ground form, trees fall into them and die. This could turn a forest into a swamp (沼泽), and animals which need the forests will have to move elsewhere.”

“The melting could cause severe problems.” Walters says, “This could take hundreds of years, but in the end Alaska will look quite different from what it looks like now.”

1.The main reason why permafrost is thawing is that ______.

A. the temperature in Alaska is rising

B. people in Alaska don’t take care of permafrost

C. too many houses are built on permafrost

D. people in Alaska polluted permafrost

2.The following are the results of melting permafrost EXCEPT ______.

A. holes form in the ground

B. a forest will be turned into a swamp

C. some animals have to go elsewhere

D. more water will be needed by people and animals

3.Which of the following is NOT true according to the passage?

A. When permafrost melts, houses will fall down.

B. House-moving companies are busy because their houses are in danger.

C. To stop permafrost melting is a very difficult problem.

D. Most of Alaska’s land surface has permafrost.

4.Which of the following can be used as the best title of the passage?

A. Alaska—A Frozen Land    B. Pollution and Global Warming

C. Is Alaska Sinking?    D. Alaska Is Polluted


Monthly Talks at London Canal Museum

  Our monthly talks start at 19:30 on the first Thursday of each month except August. Admission is at normal charges and you don’t need to book. They end around 21:00.

November 7th

The Canal Pioneers, by Chris Lewis. James Brindley is recognized as one of the leading early canal engineers. He was also a major player in training others in the art of canal planning and building. Chris Lewis will explain how Brindley made such a positive contribution to the education of that group of early “civil engineers”.

December 5th

Ice for the Metropolis, by Malcolm Tucker. Well before the arrival of freezers, there was a demand for ice for food preservation and catering, Malcolm will explain the history of importing natural ice and the technology of building ice wells, and how London’s ice trade

February 6th

An Update on the Cotsword Canals, by Liz Payne. The Stroudwater Canal is moving towards reopening. The Thames and Severn Canal will take a little longer. We will have a report on the present state of play.

March 6th

Eyots and Aits-Thames Islands, by Miranda Vickers. The Thames had many islands. Miranda has undertaken a review of all of them. She will tell us about those of greatest interest.



London Canal Museum

12-13 New Wharf Road, London NI 9RT

Tel:020 77130836

1.When is the talk on James Brindley?

A. March 6th.    B. November 7th.    C. February 6th.    D. December 5th.

2.What is the topic of the talk in February?

A. The Canal Pioneers    B. Ice for the Metropolis

C. An Update on the Cotsword Canals    D. Eyots and Aits-Thames Islands

3.Who will give the talk on the islands in the Thames?

A. Liz Payne.    B. Chris Lewis.    C. Malcolm Tucker.    D. Miranda Vickers.









Dear Editor,

   I’m Li Hua, s student of Senior 3. I am writing to discuss the traffic problem near our school gate.  ___________



                                                                             Li Hua








  Now I want to tell you something what happened last weekend. On my way to the cinema, I noticed a foreigner talk to a policemen who seemed able to understand what the foreigner was saying. They two looked very worriedly. So I went up to see what I could do help them. I told the policeman the foreigner had lost his wallet or camera. Finally the foreigner got back his belonging with the help of the policeman. All of them thanked me. By the time I arrived at the cinema, the film have been over. Although I’d missed the film, but I was very happy because I had helped others with my efforts.



  Visitors to Britain may find the best place to enjoy local culture is in a traditional pub. A team of1. (research) have discovered some of the unknown culture of British pubs---starting with the difficulty of 2.(get)a drink. His may sound in convenient, but there is3.hidden meaning.

   Pub culture4.(form) to improve sociability in a society that is known for its coldness. Standing at the bar for service 5.(allow) you to chat with others who are waiting to be served. The bar counter is6.(possible) the only place in Britain where a 7. (friend) talk with strangers is considered to be entirely proper and really quite normal behavior. 8., if you do not follow the local rules, the experience may fall flat. For example, if you are in a big group, best for one or two people to go to buy the drinks. Nothing makes the regular customers and bar staff angry 10.(much) than a group of strangers blocking all passages to the bar while they chat and hesitate about what to order.


My 14-year-old son, John, and I spotted the coat at the same time at a second-hand clothing store. It had a black collar, delightful tailoring, a Fifth Avenue label(标签) and a (an) _______price of $28.

We looked at _______, saying nothing, _______ John’s eyes shone. Dark, woolen topcoats were popular just then with_______, but could _______several hundred dollars now.

John_______the coat. He turned from side to side, eyeing himself in the mirror with a serious, studied_______that soon changed into a smile. The_______was perfect. John wore the coat to school the next day and came home_______ a big smile. “How did the kids like your coat?” I asked. “They love it.” He said,________folding it over the chair and smoothing it flat.

Over the next few weeks, the________came over John. Quiet, reasoned discussion was ________argument. He became more thoughtful and eager to________. “Good dinner, Mum,” he would say every evening. Once day when I suggested that he might start on homework before dinner, John said, “You are ________, and I guess I will.”

When I asked one of his teachers ________caused the changes, she said with laughter, “It must be his coat!” at the library, we ________ to meet a friend who had not seen our children for a long time. “________this be John?” he asked, looking up to John’s new height, assessing the cut of his coat, and extending his hand, one________to another.

John and I both knew we should never________a person’s clothes for the real person within them. As is known, what is on the inside should be ________ with what is on the outside.

1.A. unbelievable    B. special    C. reasonable    D. average

2.A. the other    B. others    C. one another    D. each other

3.A. therefore    B. however    C. thus    D. but

4.A. teenagers    B. people    C. parents    D. adults

5.A. spend    B. cost    C. pay    D. take

6.A. touched    B. held    C. buttoned    D. obtained

7.A. gesture    B. expression    C. attitude    D. feeling

8.A. color    B. fit    C. price    D. style

9.A. having    B. showing    C. behaving    D. wearing

10.A. carefully    B. carelessly    C. patiently    D. hurriedly

11.A. change    B. satisfaction    C. happiness    D. generosity

12.A. because of    B. aware of    C. instead of    D. apologize

13.A. regret    B. please    C. complain    D. apologize

14.A. troublesome    B. true    C. right    D. wrong

15.A. what    B. how    C. when    D. that

16.A. decided    B. came    C. intended    D. happened

17.A. Could    B. Would    C. Must    D. Should

18.A. friend    B. teacher    C. gentleman    D. fellow

19.A. watch    B. mistake    C. consider    D. judge

20.A. compared    B. connected    C. combined    D. matched



Most cars have seat belts as part of their equipment. Seat belts protect drivers and passengers in case of accidents. They also reduce the effect of a crash on the body.

1.Worldwide, the devices have protected up to a million people. America first recognized the invention of an automobile seat belt in 1849. The government gave a patent to an engineer named Edward Claghorn of New York City so that others would not copy his invention of a safety device. 2.This early version of safety belt was said to include hooks and other attachments for securing the person to a fixed object.

Other inventors followed with different versions of the seat belt. 3. It resulted from the work of a Swedish engineer, Nils Bohlin. His three-point, lap and shoulder seat belt first appeared on cars in Europe 50 years ago.

Nils Bohlin recognized that both the upper and lower body needed to be held securely in place. His invention contained a cloth strap(带子) that was placed across the chest and another strap across his hips(臀部).4.

Volvo was the first company to offer the modern seat belt to its cars. This company also provided use of Nils Bohlin's design to other car-makers.

5.He received a gold medal from the Royal Swedish Academy of Engineering Sciences in 1995. He died in Sweden in 2002.

A. Claghorn called his invention a safety belt

B. The design joined the straps next to the hip.

C. The Swedish engineer won many honors for his seat belt.

D. Safety experts say that seat belts save thousands of lives a year in America alone.

E. There are many companies adopting Nils Bohlin's invention of the belt.

F. Claghorn was a promising young engineer with many honors all his life.

G. But more than 100 years passed before the current seat belt was developed.


Forget about the “post-1995 generation”. Young people born in 1995 or later have another name in English—Generation Z.

Now entering adulthood and soon to join the workforce, Generation Z grew up in a special period of time—a time in which technology developed fast, social changes happened every day, the internet became universal and, sadly, so did global terrorism.

It is believed that Generation Z is the generation that is going to shape our future, which is why policy makers, sociologists and company leaders are trying their best to understand these young people.

So, what are Gen Z-ers really like?

Most people agree that the single biggest difference between Gen Z and other generations is how connected they are. This is a group of people who have been familiar with social media as soon as they were born. Social media has changed the way Gen Z-ers communicate with each other and how they get and understand information.

“We are the first true digital natives. I can almost create a document, edit it, post a photo on Instagram and talk on the phone, all at the same time,” said Hannah Payne, an 18-year-old student at UCLA, according to The New York Times. “Generation Z takes in information very fast and loses interest just as fast.”

It may be true that Generation Z-ers have a shorter attention span (注意力持续时间) than a goldfish, but since they grew up among social changes, they are more active in politics. According to the British Election Study, 58 percent of 18-to-24-year-old voted in the 2015 general election in the UK, a big jump from 38 percent in 2005.

Generation Z-ers are also culture creators. “Growing up with the internet has freed this generation from traditional cultural expression.” Wrote Grace Masback, a Huffington Post blogger and a Gen Z-er herself. According to Masback, these young people are no longer willing to let their creativity be limited by their parents of traditional rules. They watch videos and read news online instead of on TV, and they share their experiences on social media.

“We decide what kind of content we want to experience and choose how we experience it,” wrote Masback.

1.Which is TRUE about Gen Z-ers, according to the article?

A. Face-to-face communication is challenging for them.

B. Often doing many things at the same time affects their efficiency.

C. They don’t bother to think about the information they take in carefully.

D. They show more interest in politics than in other fields.

2.What can we infer from the last two paragraphs?

A. Gen Z-ers enjoy great freedom to express themselves.

B. Gen Z-ers enjoy teaching their parents about new cultural trends.

C. Gen Z-ers are against traditional culture.

D. Gen Z-ers are unwilling to obey their parents.

3.Which word can best describe the author’s attitude towards Generation Z?

A. Worried    B. Critical    C. Appreciative    D. Neutral(中立的)


Shyness is the cause of much unhappiness for a great many people. Shy people are anxious and self-conscious; that is, they are concerned with their own appearance and actions too much. Negative thoughts are constantly occurring in their minds: What kind of impression am I making? Do they like me? Do I sound stupid? Am I wearing unattractive clothes?

It is obvious that such uncomfortable feelings must affect people unfavorably. A person's self-concept is reflected in the way he or she behaves and the way a person behaves affects other people's reactions. In general, the way people think about themselves has a deep effect on all areas of their lives.

Shy people, who have low respect, are likely to be passive and easily influenced by others. They need faith that they are doing "the right thing". Shy people are very sensitive to criticism. It makes them feel inferior(自卑). They also find it difficult to be pleased by praises because they believe they are unworthy of praise. A shy person may respond to a praise with a statement like this one: "You're just saying that to make me feel good, I know it's not true.” It is clear that, while self-awareness is a healthy quality, overdoing it is harmful.

Can shyness be completely got rid of, or at least reduced? Fortunately, people can overcome shyness with determination since shyness goes hand in hand with lack of self-respect. It is important for people to accept their weakness as well as their strengths. Each one of us has his or her own characteristics. We are interested in our own personal ways. The better we understand ourselves, the easier it becomes to live up to our chances for a rich and successful life.

1.The first paragraph is mainly about ________.

A. the effect of shyness on people    B. the cause of shyness

C. the feelings of shy people    D. the questions in the minds of shy people

2.According to the writer, self-awareness is ________.

A. harmful to people    B. a healthy quality

C. the cause of unhappiness    D. a weak point of shy people

3.The underlined word “it” in Paragraph 3 refers to ________.

A. shyness    B. criticism    C. sensibility    D. praise

4.We can learn from the passage that shyness can ________.

A. have nothing to do with lack of self-respect

B. help us to live up to our full development

C. enable us to understand ourselves better

D. be overcome with determination


The world is filled with smart, talented, educated and gifted people. We meet them every day. A few days ago, my car was not running well. I pulled it into a garage and the young mechanic had it fixed in just a few minutes. He knew what was wrong by simply listening to the engine. I was amazed. The sad truth is, great talent is not enough.

I am constantly shocked at how little talented people earn. I heard the other day that less than 5 percent of Americans earn more than $100, 000 a year. A business consultant who specializes in the medical trade was telling me how many doctors and dentists struggle financially. It was this business consultant who gave me the phrase, "They are one skill away from great wealth."

There is an old saying that goes, "Job means "just over broke (破产)" ". And unfortunately, I would say that the saying applies to millions of people. Because school does not think financial intelligence is intelligence, most workers "live within their means". They work and they pay the bills. Instead I recommend to young people to seek work for what they will learn, more than what they will earn.

When I ask the classes I teach, "How many of you can cook a better hamburger than McDonald’s?” almost all the students raise their hands. I then ask, "So if most of you can cook a better hamburger, how come McDonald’s makes more money than you?" The answer is obvious: McDonald’s is excellent at business systems. The reason so many talented people are poor is because they focus on bui1ding a better hamburger and know little or nothing about business systems. The world is filled with talented poor people. They focus on perfecting their skills at building a better hamburger rather than the skills of selling and delivering the hamburger.

1.The author mentions the mechanic in the first paragraph to show that ________.

A. he has a sharp sense of hearing    B. he is ready to help others

C. he is just one of the talented people    D. he knows little about car repairing

2.The underlined part in the third paragraph can be best replaced by “________”.

A. spend more than they can afford    B. do in their own way

C. live in their own circle    D. live within what they earn

3.Why do talented people earn so little according to the author?

A. They lack financial intelligence.

B. They don’t work hard enough.

C. They don’t make full use of their talents.

D. They have no specialized skills.

4.The main purpose of the author is to tell us ________.

A. how young people can find a satisfactory job

B. what schools should teach students

C. how McDonald’s makes much money

D. why so many talented people are poor


When you’re having a hard time with your homework or when you’re preparing for your term paper, these student-focused websites can help you with just about anything you need. The key to getting the most out of these online resources is to know how they can best be used to your advantage.


Although Facebook can be one of your biggest time-wasters and distractions when you are supposed to be getting work done, it can also be one of your most valuable resources. Most of your classmates will probably have a Facebook account, so anyone you need to connect with about a class you missed or about a problem is usually just a few clicks away.


With a free library of history timeline, philosophy study guides and library summaries, SparkNotes has covered just about any reading-related jam you find yourself in. Just run a search for the book, play, or short summary of the material you are supposed to read.

Do you finish every term with many expensive textbooks you will never open again? Instead of letting the money spent go to waste, get back some of your cash by selling your books on Amazon.

Choosing new classes can sometimes be like trying to pick out your clothes in the dark, a total guessing game. Which teacher gives out the hardest problem sets? How much homework will that history professor give you every week? At, students all over the country rate their professors on quality, helpfulness, and how hard their classes are.


While Wikipedia isn’t aimed specifically at students, it is difficult to think of another website that does more to reduce the pain of paper writing and researching. Wikipedia gives you a quick way to find sources and get the details of almost any topic you need to research — all without walking to the library.

1.The passage was mainly written to ________.

A. explain some websites for parents

B. compare some educational websites

C. offer some websites that may help students

D. introduce different parts of a website

2.While you are taking great pains to write a research report, ________ can most probably be a help.

A. Facebook    B. Wikipedia    C.    D. SparkNotes is a place ________.

A. where you can make friends all over the country

B. that gives you information about professors in advance

C. where you can communicate with your professors

D. that gives tips on how to get along with your professors

4.Which of the following will you most probably refer to, if you need brief ideas for class discussion in reading?

A. Wikipedia.    B. Facebook.    C. SparkNotes.    D.


假如你是李华,你校英国交换生Tom在邮件中说他被Oxford University录取了,邀请你本周六晚参加庆祝派对,但你那天要参加汉语诗词(poetry)比赛,不能参加派对。请用英语给他回复邮件。










Li Ming is a friend of mine. I’m glad he changed greatly in the past two years. I clearly remember he was quite fat two years before. He got tired so easy that he couldn’t take exercise regularly, that made him very upset. Later, he realized unless he went on like that, he would end up achieve nothing. So, he made up his mind to make a change. He went running every morning and played the basketball every afternoon. Besides, he followed a diet of more vegetables or less meat. Gradually he began to lose weight. He is now an energetic boy in good healthy. So when faced with problems, we should overcome it with great determination and strong willpower.



The IMA Blood Bank 1. (set) up in 1995 with a goal that no needy patient should ever die due to lack 2. blood in Dehradun and its surrounding areas

Deeply 3.(move) by the pain and suffering of a child who was being taken to Delhi with a bleeding leg wrapped in plastic4.(simple) because there was no blood bank in DehradunDr Dipak started a movement to create a blood bank by engaging(联合) with the local community5. began as a small activity has taken the shape of an inspiring institution of international standardsDue to the huge voluntary support from the local peoplethe blood bank has enough blood to function round 6.clock to serve the local patients

7.(help) more people in Indiathe IMA Blood Bank has also developed a team to educate the public about blood donationThey are trying to make people understand that donating blood is one of the highest 8.(form) of charityIt can be donated by almost any adult who is 9.(health)It is safe to donate every three to six months because blood is recovered very quickly in the body

Meanwhilethe media plays a major role in 10.(create)a higher level of awareness  about blood donationThis will encourage more and more people to donate blood voluntarily


I spent last summer volunteering at a hospitalOne morningI was called to a room in  which an _______ woman was staying_______ she wanted to go to a nearby gift shopI got a(n) _______ and helped her into itheading for the shop

When we got therethe shop wasnt _______ yetIt was merely a 30-minute wait so we went over to the _______ area and I read her bits and pieces of the newspaper aloudAfter 30 minuteswe went into the gift shopPushing her aroundI could see the _______ on her face as she looked at everythingShe happily chose some window decorations and then _______ chocolatesShe asked me to push her _______ that directionI helped her _______ all the different chocolate arrangementsShe __________ decided on three different boxes

As she was checking outshe asked the cashier for a __________ and asked me to write the numbers l,2,and 3 on the boxesShe __________ that the nurses were taking such good care of her, so she __________ chocolates for each of the three shifts(三班倒) of nursesThe moment I wheeled her back up to her roomshe gave the __________shift of nurses their box of chocolatewho __________offered some to me before taking some themselvesThere were __________ all around

__________ her generosity and getting the opportunity to spend time with someone who got so  much pleasure from life was a __________ in itselfGratitude(感恩) has an amazing way of bringing  people __________especially in a place where health is so highly __________

1.A. elderly    B. honest    C. impatient    D. independent

2.A. While    B. As long as    C. In case    D. As

3.A. wheelchair    B. bus    C. taxi    D. ambulance

4.A. crowded    B. completed    C. open    D. closed

5.A. checking    B. dieting    C. parking    D. waiting

6.A. surprise    B. joy    C. pride    D. anxiety

7.A. smelt    B. tasted    C. sported    D. purchased

8.A. up    B. to    C. in    D. at

9.A. put away    B. give out    C. hand in    D. look though

10.A. eventually    B. gradually    C. properly    D. hurriedly

11.A. change    B. pen    C. card    D. box

12.A. admitted    B. promised    C. suggested    D. explained

13.A. bought    B. ordered    C. made    D. borrowed

14.A. next    B. present    C. previous    D. night

15.A. on purpose    B. by chance    C. in turn    D. in advance

16.A. noises    B. smiles    C. greetings    D. jokes

17.A. Witnessing    B. Taking advantage of    C. Repaying    D. Searching for

18.A. prize    B. risk    C. gift    D. story

19.A. together    B. upwards    C. back    D. down

20.A. respected    B. praised    C. admired    D. valued



Tests can be stressful even for the best students1. Fortunatelythere are several steps you can take to make your stress much more manageable

Get Enough Sleep

Getting 6 hours of sleep or less can put you into whats called a sleep deficit(不足),which makes you less sharp mentally and prevents you from performing properly on tests2. This wayyou neednt stay up for the test and can get a good night of sleep before your big day

Study Smarter

3.Make a list of the most important things you need to learn and hit the items at the top of the list firstThis will ensure theyre mostly covered if you run out of timeMake a list of all the work you have to doestimate how long each item will takeand compare that with the amount of hours you have availableThis will tell you if you can carefully read or just skimhow many times you can afford to revise the papers.


A proven way to build your confidence is to visualize yourself taking the tests and doing wonderfullyVisualization can not only help you perform better in the tests but can help you remember factsYou can create detailed situations that involve the information youre trying to remember4.

Stay Calm

Therere several techniques that can help you calm down quickly5. Just close your eyestake a deep breathhold it for a while and then let it out slowlyYour stress will come out with your exhales(呼气).

ABe organized with your studies

BExtra time on tests can bring success to students

CTest anxiety has a negative impact on your performance

DIn this process you can strengthen the facts in your memory

EBreathing exercises can be extremely effective in helping you relax

FSo it's very important to get all your studying done before your exam

GThere are options for easing stress and potentially improving test performance.


In an effort to discourage people from using plasticsscientists have been hard at work inventing alternative packaging productsFrom water bottles made from seaweed to cutlery(餐具) made from rice and wheata number of inventions are set to change the way we eat while we are on the goor having a relaxing picnic in the park

The idea of using seaweed to make eco-friendly(环保的) water bottles has been around for a few yearsRecentlyAri Jonsson took his invention—a water bottle made from red seaweed—to show off at a festival. The bottles will only hold their shape as long as they are filledAs soon as these bottles are empty they will begin to break downthough they would be perfectly safe to eatAri Jonssons bottles are a step closer to a widely used alternative to the current plastic ones

The eatable water container is not the only product to add to our image of the futureNarayana Pessapaty has also created eatable spoonsAfter the success of his spoons, Mr Pessapaty is ready to expand and introduce forks and chopsticks to his menuHis aim is to largely reduce the amount of plastic wastewhich is a huge problem for waste sites all over the worldIt is a product that may take up to 500 years to break downand recycling companies worldwide are struggling to deal with it

Aside from the obvious benefits to the environmentthis new packaging is also cheap to produce and therefore cheap to buyEven better is the fact that similar eatable cutlery can be made at homepossibly a science project for children or just fun with friendsWhy not get experimenting and create your own recipes?

1.Why do scientists invent alternative packaging products?

A. To make peoples life more convenient

B. To reduce the amount of plastic waste

C. To charge the way we picnic outside

D. To show off their inventive talents

2.What makes Ari Jonsson’s water bottles eco-friendly?

A. They can be made at home

B. They are cheap to produce and buy

C. They will hold their shape when they are filled

D. They will break down themselves when empty

3.What do Ari and Narayana’s inventions have in common?

A. They are convenient to carry    B. They are safe to eat

C. They can be used for a short time    D. They are heavier than plastics

4.What can be inferred from this passage?

A. Home-made eatable cutlery is likely to be popular

B. Eatable cutlerywill completely replace plastics in the near future

C. No recycling companies can breakdown plastic waste

D. Its unsafe for individuals to invent eatable cutlery at home


Grandparents who help out occasionally with childcare in their community tend to live longer than seniors who do not care for other peopleaccording to a study from BerlinGermany.

“Having no contact with grandchildren at all can negatively impact grandparents’ health. This link could be deeply rooted in our evolutionary past when help with childcare was important for the survival of the human species”said Sonja Hilbrandone of the researchers.

The findings are drawn from data on more than 500 people over age 70Overallafter accounting for grandparentsage and general state of healththe risk of dying over a 20-year period was one-third lower for grandparents who cared for their grandchildrencompared with grandparents who provided no childcare

Caregiving was associated with a longer life even when the care receiver wasn’t a relative. Half of a 11 childless seniors who provided support to friends or neighbors lived for seven years after the study beganwhile non-helpers lived for four years on average.

“Caregiving may give caregivers a purpose of life because they may feel useful for others and societyCaregiving may be thought also as an activity that keeps caregivers physically and mentally active said Professor Bruno Arpino

Arpino notedhoweverthat caregiving is not the only activity that can improve health and that too many caring responsibilities can take away from other beneficial activities like workingbeing in social clubsor volunteering“Children should take into account their parents’ needswillingnessand desires and agree with them on the timing and amount of childcare he suggested

“It is very important that every individual decides for himherselfwhat proper amounts of help’ means,”Hilbrand saidadding“As long as you do not feel stressed about the intensity(强度) of help you provide you may be doing something good for others as well as for yourself.”

1.What is the caregiving study based on?

A. Human evolutionary history    B. Demand modern society

C. Social contact between relatives    D. Data on many elderly people

2.In Arpinos opinionchildcare________

A. is sure to keep old people away from illnesses

B. allows old people to live a more meaningful life

C. creates more job opportunities for old people

D. makes social activities inaccessible to old people

3.What does the underlined part “take into account” in Paragraph 6 probably mean?

A. Limit    B. Ignore    C. Favor    D. Consider

4.What does the last paragraph tell us?

A. Grandparents can do anything in their own interests

B. Grandparents should share more social responsibilities

C. Proper amounts of childcare do good to grandparents

D. Caregiving guarantees every grandparent a longer life.


Yacouba Sawadogo is an African farmer who has been travelling across the deserts for the last 30 yearsusing ancient farming techniques to fight the threatening deserts.

His story dates back to the 1980s when Africa suffered one of the worst droughts in its  historyDuring that periodrainfall reduced by as much as 80%,killing almost all the plantsMost local people moved away to different placesbut Yacouba stayed backInstead of giving in to the violence of naturehe decided to take control and change the face of the land completely

Unable to read and writeand with no access to modern techniques and toolshe started to employ an old African farming practice called “Zai”.The practice involves planting seeds in small holes filled with eco-friendly manure(肥料).The holes fill up with and keep the water that falls during the rainy seasonThis provides moisture(水分) and nutrients for the growing  plants during the dry periodsAlsothe manure attracts antswhich help break up the soil further and increase its ability to take in water

Within two decades of starting his revolutionary worka forested area of about fifty acres came up on the land of the African desertYacouba featured in a documentary titled “The Man Who Stopped the Desert” through which he became known to the rest of the worldTo the great joy and relief of Yacoubawhat the documentary focused on was put into the re-establishment of local forests and a training program for the farmers who wanted to 1earn Yacoubas techniqueToday,“Zai” is being widely practiced in the region

1.What does the text mainly talk about?

A. A training program for African farmers

B. A documentary about an influential African farmer

C. The serious situation of environment destruction in Africa

D. An African farmer fighting deserts with old farming methods

2.What can we learn from the last paragraph?

A. Yacouba advertised his farming practice through the media

B. Yacoubas efforts have made a great difference

C. Rebuilding forests is no tough job at a11

D. Deserts no longer threaten Africa

3.Which word can best describe Yacouba?

A. Determined    B. Knowledgeable    C. Curious    D. Creative


After a long winterspring is the ideal time for sightseeing and exploring Londons green spaces

Explore London’s parks and gardens

Springtime is one of the perfect times of year to explore Londons parks and gardenswhen the citys Royal Parks will be blooming with flowersGo and admire the rainbow of azaleas(杜鹃花) at Richmond Park or hire a deckchair in St Jamess Park with a view of Buckingham Palace.

Enjoy the entertainment at a Spring Festival

There are a good many festivals and events held in London throughout springMake the most of the cultural exhibitions at the British Library Spring Festival, the Sundance Film Festival or the London Literature Festivalhead to Shakespeares Globewhich hosts open-air Shakespeare performances from late April until early October

Get active

Warmer weather means theres no excuse for staying indoorsso go for a walking or cycling tour of LondonAlternativelywalk the Thames Walkwaywhich follows the river all the way from central London into the countrysidemake the most of Londons “Boris Bikes”which are available for hire all around the city and are free of charge for the first half hourIf youre really looking for a challengesign up for the famous London Marathonheld annually in April

Take to the waters

Whether cruising(航行) along the Thames Riverhiring a rowing boat in Hyde Park or riding a canal boat around Little Venicethere are lots of fun ways to get on the water in LondonHeld every year since 1829the Oxford and Cambridge Boat Race allows teams from Englands most famous universities to compete against each otherand draws huge crowds of watching people

1.If you are interested in British cultureyou are advised to ________

A. visit Richmond Park    B. row a boat in Hyde Park

C. attend the London Festivals    D. walk the Thames Walkway

2.Which of the following is true according to the text?

A. You can see Buckingham Palace from St Jamess Park

B. Londons Boris Bikes are free to use for a whole day

C. Outdoor Shakespeare performances are held only in spring

D. The Oxford and Cambridge Boat Race has a history of over 200 years

3.According to the writerwhich of the following activities challenges you most?

A. Watching Boat Race    B. Joining in London Marathon

C. Cruising along the Thames River    D. Cycling around London

4.The writer wrote the text in order to ________.

A. introduce tourist attractions in London

B. stress the importance of exploring London

C. suggest ways to enjoy spring in London

D. show the beauty of spring in London









参考词汇: 星光希望小学Xing Guang Hope School

Dear Sir or Madam,

I am Li Hua from Class One, Senior One .__________________________________________


                                                               Yours Sincerely

Li Hua


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