The human brain remembers negative experiences more easily than positive ones.Our brains have developed in this way because threats,like dangerous animals,have a more immediate effect on people's survival compared to positive things like food or shelter.As a result,you clearly know what makes you unhappy,but do you know what makes you happy?

Research suggests that our level of happiness is partly shaped by the choices we make.If you've been chasing wealth,fame,power and some material things,you may be looking for happiness in the wrong places.Psychologists suggest that the following habits can make people happier.

People who own close relationships tend to be happier than those who do not.The number of our friends is not important.What matters is the quality of our relationships.Relationships that bring happiness usually consist of the sharing of feelings,acceptance,mutual respect and trust.

People who exercise on a regular basis can improve both their physical and mental well-being.Some research has shown that exercise can be as effective as some medicine in treating depression.

If we are so interested in an activity,we may lose track of time,and we can be in a state of flow.The activity could be playing the piano,surfing the Internet or playing a game...People who experience flow in their work or life tend to be happier.

People are more likely to be happy if they know what their strengths are and can use them regularly.People are especially happy when they can set goals and use their strengths to achieve them.

People,who think positively by being grateful,mindful and optimistic,are more likely to be happy.Being grateful means being thankful.Being mindful means considering,focusing on,and enjoying the experiences of the present moment.Being optimistic means being hopeful about the future.

1.Human brain remembers negative things more easily because       .

A. negative things tend to affect human survival immediately

B. negative things are easy to remember

C. negative things are much more important than other things

D. negative things can make people live much longer

2.People may find happiness in all the following EXCEPT      .

A. making friends

B. doing sports

C. playing the violin

D. chasing power

3.In the last paragraph,the author tries to tell us to      .

A. think more about the future

B. be positive in our life and work

C. enjoy our life and work

D. live a happy life every day

4.What does this text mainly tell us about?

A. Why people remember positive things easily.

B. Why people remember negative things easily.

C. Some habits that make people happy.

D. The habits that people form in their life.

 

I was on my school campus the other day,and there was an ice cream truck parked right in front of the main common areas of the school.I had never thought an ice cream truck would circle our campus and come for us, overgrown kids.I was intrigued and wanted to investigate(调查)further.

I was quite surprised when the man in the truck called out,“Free ice cream!”

I questioned him just to make sure of his words,saying,"I'm sorry,what did you say?"

“Free ice cream.You have your choice of these four frozen treats: the rocket pop,the chocolate Eclair,the strawberry shortcake,or the drumstick.”

After I was certain that the man was just giving away free ice cream,I talked with him for a while.He told me that his dream had always been to travel around giving away ice cream,and that's exactly what he did.And his passion was expressed through using up all his credit cards,sleeping in his truck,and living with his mother in a small flat,so he could continue to follow his dream during hard times.Now,he has sponsorships(赞助)from large companies such as Levi's to do what he loves,and he's gifted 125,000 of his truckload of ice cream treats!

The man said he wanted to encourage people to do exactly what their hearts tell them to do with their lives.I kept asking him with respect,"So your dream was just to drive around and give away ice cream?It seems like a very unusual goal."

"Yes,just meeting people and making them smile,"he replied.

1.From the text we can infer that the ice cream man      .

A. had several companies    B. had a lot of dreams

C. didn't live a rich life    D. was not very happy

2.What's the meaning of the underlined word in paragraph 1?

A. Pleased.    B. Interested.

C. Worried.    D. Encouraged.

3.What does the author think of the ice cream man?

A. Funny.    B. Respectable.

C. Patient.    D. Strange.

4.What is the best title for the text?

A. A Great Ice Cream Inventor.

B. The Taste of ice Cream.

C. A Traveling Truck Delivering Sweetness.

D. A Special Way of Selling ice Cream.

 

We asked more than 200 teachers,children's authors,and children's literature experts to name the best picture books ever.We made a list based on their advice.Here are some of the books in the list.

If You Give a Mouse a Cookie by Laura Numeroff,illustrated by Felicia Bond

Who it's for: Grades PreK-2

What it's about: Oh,that hungry mouse.Once you give him the cookie,he will ask for a glass of milk,and then a straw(吸管)and then...The action is unstoppable!In the end,the mouse and the boy that gives him the cookie (and perhaps the reader) are extremely exhausted!With terrific pictures and a wonderful lead character,this book shouldn't be missed by little kids.

The Other Side by Jacqueline Woodson,illustrated by E.B.Lewis

Who it's for: Grades 1-4

What it's about: This is a story about a fence(篱笆)that divides a white neighborhood from a black one and two little girls whose need for play and friendship allow them to cross it.It has a very deep theme.

Owl Moon by Jane Yolen,illustrated by John Schoenherr

Who it's for: Grades 1-5

What it's about: A classic example of child's expanding a simple walk into a glorious adventure.As a girl and her father hike through the moonlit night,the creatures they come across become exciting companions(同伴)for their owl hunt.

The Snowman by Raymond Briggs

The only wordless story on our list.

Who it's for: Grades PreK-2

What it's about:A great book to lead a child into reading.A fanciful story of a boy who makes and then befriends a snowman who both enters his world and takes him out for fun.

1.What do we learn about the mouse in the book by Laura Numeroff?

A. He always feels very hungry.

B. He doesn't easily get satisfied.

C. He doesn't look good in the pictures.

D. He loves moving here and there after eating.

2.What is most probably the theme of the book The Other Side?

A. Children love playing with each other.

B. Black children and white ones can be friends.

C. people should communicate with each other.

D. People in the neighborhood should be kind to each other.

3.Whose book would a child most probably read if he/she loves learning about different kinds of animals?

A. Laura Numeroff’s.    B. Jacqeline Woodson's.

C. Jane Yolen's.    D. Raymond Briggs's.

4.What makes The Snowman different from other books on the list?

A. Having no pictures.    B. Being suitable for PreK kids.

C. Being a book that has no words.    D. Having a wonderful lead character.

 

假定你是李华,是新华中学学生会主席,你校将举行校文化节,学校安排你写一封电子邮件,邀请外籍教授Black先生做关于中美文化差异的讲座。

要点:1.讲座时间:20171120日早上9点到11点;

2.讲座地点:报告厅;

3.联系方式:englishtec@163.com

注意:1.词数100左右;

2.可以适当增加细节,以使行文连贯。

_________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

 

假定英语课上老师要求同桌之间交换修改作文,请你修改你同桌写的以下短文。短文中共有10处错误,每句中最多有两处。错误涉及一个单词的增加、删除或修改。

增加:在缺词处加一个漏字符号(∧),并在此符号下面写出该加的词。

删除:把多余的词用斜线(\)划掉。

修改:在错的词下划一横线,并在该词下面写出修改后的词。

注意:1.每处错误及其修改均仅限一词;

2.只允许修改10处,多者(从第11处起)不计分。

Today is Sunday.I've been in Russia for two months.This is the first time that I've been away my family for such a long time.With the help of Katia,a roommate of me,I've soon got used to live without my parents around.Katia,like many other Russian girls,are nice and lively.We became friends shortly after we met each other.Although her English is a little hardly to understand,we enjoy chatting and we usually talk a lot about our own family.We're both surprised that Chinese culture and Russian culture were so different.Now,we are planned a small party for the next Sunday. There,Katia will introduce me to some of her friends,one of who has been to China several times.

 

On receiving my learner's permit a couple of months ago ,I started driving lessons straight away. However, it wasn't until two days ago1.Dad finally allowed me to drive on the motorway. Our destination was Orewa,2.seaside town.

That morning I made sure I had enough to drink and went to the toilet about three times3.we left. I thought l was totally prepared4.the journey, but nothing could have prepared me for my family's complaints.

“Relax! Don't hold the steering wheel so5.(tight)." called a nervous voice from the backseat.

"Speed up. 70km/h isn't fast enough. You are holding up the traffic," another voice ordered from the seat next to6.1).

How7.(annoy)! To content them ,I8.(step) hard on the accelerator(加速器), and within a second, an angry voice began to yell again.

‘‘Stop!  Slow down!  Are you crazy? Did I tell you to go above l00km/h'?"

Finally I drove into the city, where the speed limit was only 50km/h.

My family seemed relieved and stopped9.(tell) me what to do. On our way home, the journey was much10.(easy) than before as everyone else fell fast asleep. So ,I just took my time and enjoyed the drive.

 

Mother's Day,2017 was the last time that all my three kids would be kids at home.I was____a Mother’s Day to remember.

That morning,I got up early and left for____.The boys and I were going____,not unusual,so I expected the time I’d have with the three of them surrounding me during break. I entered the office after my class,____the crowd for their faces.I didn’t find the boys,but wasn’t too worried____their classes often ran late.I found a row with plenty of room for all four of us,____spots for my handsome young men.

The longer I sat there,the more____and angry I got.How could they____their mother on this of all days?I couldn’t____my work,only on how I’d been wronged.____the time the last morning class ended,I could hardly wait to get home and give them a piece of my mind.

Arriving home,I noticed a pile of roses on the ground.I looked closer and saw they were the____of a track made from fresh flowers,which led to our room.As I____the flowers,the door got opened and three____faces greeted me. They let me see what they’d been working on all____.

____the entire floor were the words,Happy Mother’s Day,We Love You.They were spelled out with____.The space was____with sweet of roses and other flowers.They’d asked for a leave and worked all morning,gathering the fresh flowers and____them into a surprise message.

I immediately realized I'd been much too hurry in my____of the situation.While I had been feeling unloved, they’d spent their time writing a____to show how much they really cared.

1.A. allowing    B. expecting    C. realizing    D. declaring

2.A. church    B. hospital    C. school    D. factory

3.A. separately    B. completely    C. actually    D. sincerely

4.A. asking    B. leaving    C. calling    D. searching

5.A. because    B. though    C. until    D. once

6.A. changing    B. choosing    C. saving    D. marking

7.A. confident    B. absurd    C. guilty    D. hurt

8.A. cheat    B. ignore    C. consume    D. frighten

9.A. focus on    B. throw away    C. cut down    D. figure out

10.A. Upon    B. For    C. At    D. By

11.A. introduction    B. requirement    C. beginning    D. opening

12.A. followed    B. selected    C. smelled    D. picked

13.A. shouting    B. smiling    C. flying    D. running

14.A. day    B. night    C. afternoon    D. morning

15.A. Flooding    B. Transforming    C. Covering    D. Replacing

16.A. books    B. flowers    C. hardship    D. effort

17.A. eye-catching    B. tasty    C. precious    D. alive

18.A. pushing    B. tricking    C. arranging    D. urging

19.A. change    B. judgment    C. improvement    D. explanation

20.A. message    B. word    C. letter    D. promise

 

Health is the most important thing in the world. Nothing is more important than health. If one takes away our money, houses, cars or even our clothes, we can still survive. 1. That is why we always try to eat in a healthy way and exercise regularly.

How can we keep healthy? In order to eat healthily, I usually avoid eating food high in fat, like French fries or cookies, which are junk foods.  2. Besides, I only eat little meat.

3. Taking exercise every day helps us build a strong body. Regular exercise is an important part of keeping me healthy.

What’s more, I think friends are an important part of one’s health. 4. I always feel better when I am with friends than when I am alone. When I am with my friends, I always laugh. Laughing is also an important part of health. It is good to stay with my friends.

By eating properly and exercising regularly, I can keep my body at a proper weight and keep healthy. By spending time with my friends, I can keep my mind as well as my body happy. These things sound easy to do, but not many people can manage them. 5.

A. Many studies show that people with a narrow range of social contacts often get sick.

B. There are some people who like staying alone, but they keep healthy.

C. On the other hand, doing exercise is very important.

D. But if our health were taken away, it’s certain that we would surely die.

E. I think a strong will is necessary if we want to keep healthy.

F. I eat a lot of vegetables and fresh fruit which are full of vitamins

G. Some people appear fat because they often eat too much.

 

At heart, parents always wish the best for their children, and they work hard for that. Nowadays, we see parents deciding the schools for their little ones before the baby is even born. Once kids starts going to school, some parents want to have a time-to-time update(最新的情况) of their kid’s activities. They want to come to their classroom every day, keep an eye on whom they talk to, know the friends they keep, start telling them how to do their jobs, and keep talking to them about everything under the sun. Besides, they send their kids to extra hobby classes, as they want their children to do best in every field.

When it comes to the education, super mum and dad have all the plans made for their children, and I am sure that they have come up with the best. So, try to fight for the dreams that your parents have seen for you. However, in some cases, it may happen that the kids have some different dreams. Parents sometimes don’t even consider the choices of their kids and may force them to do what they wanted to do in life. It’s good to plan the future for the children, but leave at least some decisions to them.

So what should the children do? First, hear out all the plans that your parents have made for you. If you have some different ideas, then sit down and talk to your family about it. Be patient and respect their decisions, but put your plan forth, and make them understand what you want to do and why. Many times, you don’t know the difficulties that you may have to face while pursuing your dreams. Ask your parents for suggestions, which will make them feel good and involved. That way, they may support you if you are going on the right path.

1.The parents described in Paragraph 1 ________.

A. have a good understanding of their children

B. worry a lot about their children

C. take part in activities with their children

D. expect too much from their children

2.About educational plans, the writer advises ________.

A. children to do as they are told

B. children not to listen to their parents

C. children to communicate with their parents

D. children not to follow their parents’ suggestions

3.The underlined word “pursuing” in Paragraph 3 is closest in meaning to “________”.

A. going afterB. planning forC. coming toD. preparing for

4.What’s the writer’s attitude towards these super parents’ behaviors?

A. He is against them.

B. He is doubtful of them.

C. He doesn’t care about them.

D. He supports them.

 

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1.What is the main purpose of this advertisement?

A. To introduce an organization.

B. To introduce tips on making money.

C. To spread the knowledge of dealing with accounts.

D. To promote a platform for money management.

2.Which of the following statement is TRUE with the Fidelity SIPP?

A. It will guarantee the benefits you get.

B. It will help you deal with the possible exit fees from other pension providers.

C. You can earn cashback whenever you apply for SIPP.

D. You can at least get back the money you originally invest whatever happens.

3.In which part of a newspaper can you most probably find this advertisement?

A. Voices & Views    B. Science & Technology

C. Art of Living    D. Entertainment

 

There are more bicycles than residents in the Netherlands,and in cities

like Amsterdam and The Hague up to 70% of all journeys are made by bike.

The BBC's reporter,Anna Holligan,examines what made everyone get back

in the saddle(车座)

Before World War,journeys in the Netherlands were mainly made by

bike,but in the 1950s and 1960s,as car ownership increased quickly,this changed.As in many countries in Europe, roads became increasingly crowded.

The jump in car number caused a huge rise in the number of deaths on the roads.In 1971 more than 3,000 people were killed by motor vehicles,and 450 of them were children.In response a social movement demanding safer cycling conditions for children was formed.Called Stop de Kindermoord,it took its name from the headline of an article written by journalist Vic Langenhoff whose own child had been killed in a road accident.

The Dutch love of the motor vehicle was also shaken by the Middle East oil crisis of 1973,when oil-producing countries topped export to the US and Western Europe.

These twin pressures helped to persuade the Dutch government to invest in improving cycling infrastructure(基础设施)and the Dutch urban planners started to change from the road-building policies designed mainly for cars.

To make cycling safer and more inviting,the Dutch have built a vast network of cycle paths.These are clearly marked,have smooth surfaces,separate signs and lights for those on two wheels,and are wide enough to allow cycling side by side and overtaking.

Even before they can walk,Dutch children live in a world of cycling.As babies they travel in special seats on bikes.As the children grow up they ride their own bikes.And,as the Dutch are not allowed to drive until 18,cycling offers teenagers an alternative form of freedom.

The state also plays a part in teaching,with cycling lessons a compulsory(必修的)part in Dutch schools.All schools have places to park bikes and at some schools 90% of pupils cycle to class.

1.What does Anna Holligan intend to find out?

A. Why cycling is popular in the Netherlands.

B. How journeys are made in the Netherlands.

C. What's the main means of transport in the Netherlands.

D. What makes the children like cycling in the Netherlands.

2.Stop de Kindermoord is aimed at__________.

A. advising people to travel by bike

B. calling on more children to cycle

C. improving cycling conditions for children

D. asking the government to invest more in cycling

3.What resulted in the Dutch government's changing road-building policies?

A. More cars and road accidents.

B. More cars and higher oil prices.

C. Road accidents and oil shortage.

D. A social movement and oil crisis.

4.What do we learn about the Dutch children?

A. They must get a license to ride a bike.

B. They are not allowed to drive until 16.

C. They must have cycling lessons at school.

D. They don't use bikes when they are very young.

 

The first week of my summer campaign has been quite an experience! I'm learning the ups and downs of guiding this new journey,and I'm soon finding my footing in the wonderful world of support raising.

Some may ask: Why do you choose a job where support raising is necessary? Why not just find a ministry that will support you without having to do any extra work?

I had a wonderful support meeting this week where I was able to have some very good conversations with the lady I was sharing with.It blessed my soul to see her eyes light up with the same passion(热情)I felt in my heart about the ministry I was sharing with her.I kept thinking in my head "I've shared my passions with her,and she gets it."At the end of our meeting she decided to become a donor,but she gave me something extra that I haven't received from anyone else.She gave me a handmade wooden cross,small enough to carry with me.

As soon as she handed it to me,I knew it was a gift sent from God,through an act of friendship.It's a symbol of a partnership that is developing through this journey,a symbol of how God can send us messages and a symbol of new friendships to come throughout the summer and my time in the middle east.Finally,it's a symbol of the example of what it looks like to build relationships with people who will join you in sharing with the world.It's something I'll treasure through the rest of my summer campaign,through my service in the middle east,and the rest of my life.

1.What can be inferred about the author from the first paragraph?

A. He is a quick learner.

B. He enjoys trying new journeys.

C. He regrets joining in the summer campaign.

D. His summer campaign is delivering support.

2.What does the author's job require him to do?

A. Help others.    B. Raise support.

C. Share with others.    D. Work extra hours.

3.What did the lady do for the author?

A. She inspired passion in him.    B. She found a ministry for him.

C. She helped him clarify his doubt.    D. She gave him more than expected.

4.What does the author say about the cross?

A. It isn't portable due to its size.    B. It symbolizes many things to him.

C. It is donated by one of his old friends.    D. It has far-reaching influence on the giver.

 

2022年北京--张家口冬奥会将在北京和张家口举行,为了确保冬奥会圆满成功,组委会发起了志愿者招募活动。假如你是北京某中学学生王倩,希望能成为一名志愿者。请按要求用英文给组委会写一封申请信,内容如下:

基本情况

年龄、性别、学历

个人条件

英语好、爱好体育、善于交往、乐于助人、熟悉本地情况

我的承诺

提供最佳服务

 

注意: 1. 词数100左右;

2. 可适当增加细节,以使行文连贯;

3. 开头和结尾已为你写好,不计入总词数。

Dear Sir/Madam,

My name is Wang Qian. __________________________________________________

____________________________________________________________________________________________

____________________________________________________________________________________________

____________________________________________________________________________________________

____________________________________________________________________________________________

____________________________________________________________________________________________

____________________________________________________________________________________________

_______________________________________________________________________

Yours faithfully,

Wang Qian

 

假定英语课上老师要求同桌之间交换修改作文,请你修改你同桌写的以下作文。文中共有10处语言错误,每句中最多有两处。每处错误仅涉及一个单词的增加、删除或修改。

增加:在缺词处加一个漏字符号(∧),并在其下面写出该加的词。

删除:把多余的词用斜线(\)划掉。

修改:在错的词下划一横线,并在该词下面写出修改后的词。

注意:1. 每处错误及其修改均仅限一词;

2. 只允许修改 10处,多者(从第11处起)不计分

Dear Jenny,

Welcome to my school! When you arrive, there will be a party for you organizing by my classmates. You may attend to English classes to feel a differently learning style. After that, you can go to your host family that you can experience the Chinese way of life. You can have meals together chatting anything that interests us.

The host family will also show you around some famous scenic spot. You can see people selling kites everywhere because our city was home to kites. There are many kinds of kites to choose from. So isn’t it the good idea to buy some for your friends? Write to me unless you have any questions about the schedule.

Best wishes.

Yours,

Zhang Ming

 

We usually rely on Hollywood 1. (hero) to show up on our screens and defeat the bad guys. Yet Wolf Warrior II has proven that a Chinese moviemaker can

2. (entertainment) audiences just as well.

The man in question is Leng Feng, 3.  (play) by Wu Jing, the film’s writer and director. Leng is a 4.  (fear) former special forces soldier of the People’s Liberation Army. During a military rebellion in 5.  African country, Leng almost single-handedly helps Chinese workers and African locals escape the war-torn nation.

In both acting and technical terms, the film is similar 6. a Hollywood blockbuster. It features quality action scenes and stunts(特技),7. (include) gun fights, car chases and an underwater fight.

Wolf Warrior II took a record-breaking 3.4 billion yuan in the first 13 days since its release on July 27. But the 8. (fight) scenes alone don’t explain the movie’s 9. (succeed)--it’s also the patriotism(爱国主义)and spirit of the film projects 10. have deeply impressed Chinese audiences.

 

I decided to ski to the North Pole. It was after I saw a(n) ______ in a newspaper looking for people to join a team that would ______ 350 miles to the Magnetic North Pole. Back in 1996, a woman from the UK had never ______ this challenge. I wondered what it would be like to ______ in temperatures that cold, so I sent off for the application form.

When the application form ______, it said “Are You Man Enough for the Ultimate Challenge? ” and it was ________ pictures of male explorers. I was angry and decided that women could do it too, so it made me even more ______ to get on the team.

Over 500 individuals _______ for a place in the team, and the selection process included physical and psychological tests designed to _______ the best group. One test was to complete the Sandhurst military assault course, where the UK’s best officers are trained, and it’s not for _______. We had to climb a huge rope ladder, and I stopped at the top because I have a fear of ______. I thought all hope was ______. But two others helped me over, and later I found out that the organizers were not looking for amazing ______, but great team players, and it was this moment _______ had shown them who would look out for others in the team. I had also shown my real self, and in a place like the Arctic, you have to be yourself,_______there is nowhere to hide. These _______ of asking for help and showing your real self are necessary for women to master.

I realized that by being yourself, I could _______. I was chosen for the team, and as a result became the _______ British woman to ski to the Magnetic North Pole. I realized that I could achieve more than I ever ______ -but more importantly, by sharing my story with others, I could ______ them to take a step into the unknown.

1.A. notice    B. report    C. announcement    D. advertisement

2.A. run    B. ski    C. drive    D. fly

3.A. enjoyed    B. ignored    C. accomplished    D. received

4.A. survive    B. suffer    C. exist    D. hide

5.A. passed    B. arrived    C. fetched    D. appeared

6.A. in memory of    B. kept free of    C. full of    D. made up of

7.A. determined    B. confident    C. excited    D. satisfied

8.A. waited    B. looked    C. competed    D. cared

9.A. train    B. pick    C. develop    D. challenge

10.A. everyone    B. someone    C. anyone    D. no one

11.A. heights    B. silence    C. loss    D. changes

12.A. left    B. missed    C. saved    D. lost

13.A. skiers    B. team    C. individuals    D. men

14.A. when    B. what    C. which    D. that

15.A. as    B. if    C. unless    D. though

16.A. talents    B. qualities    C. lessons    D. experiences

17.A. try    B. fail    C. succeed    D. improve

18.A. excellent    B. first    C. noble    D. extra

19.A. imagined    B. permitted    C. admitted    D. remembered

20.A. allow    B. require    C. promise    D. inspire

 

Many times we tend to use our hands to explain our needs and thoughts.1.So you must be cautious when using hand gestures in communication.

Hand gestures are a way of communicating with others and conveying your feelings. These gestures are most helpful when one is speaking to someone with no language in common. The meanings of hand gestures in different cultures may translate into different things.2. Former President George W. Bush had to face a major faux pas(失礼) during a visit to Australia. He tried to signal a peace sign by waving the two-finger or V-sign at the crowd.

You may think of this as a simple gesture, but he committed a major error.3.The meaning of this hand gesture in Australia was asking the crowd to screw themselves, a rude expression used to show you’re very angry! 4. Therefore, it is very important to understand the meanings of gestures before you travel to different countries.

5. Those considered as good gestures in one country may be termed as offensive gestures in some countries. So, if you are a frequent flier to different countries, improve your communication skills by learning the meaning of hand gestures.

A. Here is a very common example.

B. Instead of his palm facing outwards, it faced inwards.

C. The great man received warm welcome by the Australians.

D. We communicate not only by words, but by hand gestures as well.

E. A serious error committed by the then most powerful man in the world.

F. But the same hand gesture may mean something quite offensive to a person from a different cultural background.

G. Before you communicate with people in different cultures, you need to understand the meaning of gestures.

 

Most nations have at least one type of food that people from other countries think is unusual or unethical(不道德的)to eat. In France, people eat horse meat and frog legs. In South Korea and parts of China, restaurants serve dog meat. And in Australia, it’s common to cook kangaroo meat on the barbecue and use emu(鸸鹋)eggs to make pancakes.

The kangaroo and emu are native to Australia. Both animals are important to the national image of Australia and appear on the Australian coat of arms. They’re also central figures in the history of the indigenous(土生土长的)Australian Aboriginals(土著人). However, Aboriginal tribes still hunt these animals for their meat, fur and fat.

Today, Australian people continue to eat these animals. One of the reasons people eat kangaroo meat is that it’s high in protein and low in fat, so eating kangaroo is a good option for anyone on a diet. It’s also cheaper to eat kangaroo meat than other red meats. Because of this, a lot of university students choose to buy kangaroo meat. BBC News also reported that Australian scientists believe that eating kangaroo meat is good for the environment--kangaroos have different digestive systems than cows and sheep, meaning they produce less methane(甲烷),the second biggest contributor to global warming.

While emu meat is high in iron and vitamin C, most people don’t think it tastes good. For this reason, they prefer emu eggs. One egg is large enough to make seven omelettes(煎蛋). And while it’s illegal to collect emu eggs from the wild, they can be bought from emu farms. Rather than cracking the beautiful dark shell, it’s better to drain it by putting a small hole at each end and blowing. Afterwards, you can even carve a design into the eggshell.

1.The author mentioned the meat-eating customs of different countries at the beginning of the article to __________.

A. present different cultures’ meat-eating preferences

B. suggest that people try to understand other countries’ diets

C. introduce the consumption of kangaroo meat and emu eggs in Australia

D. compare different eating habits among different countries

2.According to the article, the kangaroo __________.

A. is not considered precious in Australia

B. is considered healthy and environmentally friendly to eat

C. faces extinction due to hunting by Aboriginal tribes

D. contains large amounts of iron and vitamins in its meat

3.Which of the following statements is TRUE about emu eggs?

A. Emu eggs taste terrible but are nutritious.

B. The shells of emu eggs are not difficult to break.

C. It’s common for Australians to collect emu eggs from the wild.

D. Emu egg shells can be used to create art.

 

A new tool of communication called the “drift diary” is doing the rounds among    young college graduates.

The “drift diary”, like those ancient paper messages put into a bottle left to drift on the high seas to reach hundreds of miles away, connects lonely hearts.

The “drift diary” was first started by a Beijing woman, who goes by the Net name Little S, in 2007. It has become the preferred tool of communication among youngsters afraid to reveal their innermost self to peers, but wanting to share their lives with others.

The way it works is that the initiator(发起人)of the diary mentions it on popular  Internet forums such as Tianya and Douban. Those wanting to react or otherwise add to the diary then send their real names and addresses to the initiator via e-mails or text messages.

The numbers in one group are usually restricted to between 30 and 50. The diary then passes on to another by express delivery or personal handover. The diary writers are mostly anonymous but if they wish to reveal their identity they can do so by posting their contact information at the end of their postings.

The diary writers add not just words but also decorate the plain notebooks with cartoons, drawings or even dress it up with a ribbon or a new cover. Interesting experiences, travel journals, the simple joys of everyday living or sweet recollections of childhood, all find a place in these diaries. Most often, though, the writers set down their frustrations and predicaments.

It usually takes one year for a diary to return to the initiator. The last recorder is the luckiest one, with access to all previous entries, while others can request photocopies of these from the diary’s initiator.

1.The popularity of “drift diary” among youngsters is because __________.

A. they hate using the Internet

B. they like to show themselves to peers

C. they want to share their lives with strangers

D. they find it fashionable to be a diary writer

2.Which one shows the correct way a drift diary works?

① The diary then passes on between the recorders.

② The diary returns to the initiator.

③ The initiator of the diary makes a summon online.

④ Participants request photocopies of the diary from the diary’s initiator.

⑤ Those who want to participate in the program get in touch with the initiator.

A. ③⑤①④②.    B. ③⑤①②④.

C. ④⑤①②③.    D. ①③⑤②④.

3.The underlined word “predicament” probably means__________.

A. successful experiences    B. sense of achievement

C. difficult situations    D. favorable conditions

4.Which of the following can be used as the best title for the passage?

A. Drift Diary--A New Tool of Communication

B. How a Drift Diary Works

C. Share Your Lives with Strangers

D. The Diary That Passes on

 

Learning any language is hard, but learning English can be especially challenging. Why? Because native speakers use the language in ways that textbooks could never describe. In particular, words that British people use cause many language students to scratch their heads.

Here’s an example: You overhear a Briton calling someone a “wazzock”. But what exactly is a wazzock? This word, in fact, means a foolish person, although there’s nothing about it that would help you guess that. There are many strange terms like this in British English – the Oxford English Dictionary would be much smaller without these peculiar (古怪的) usages filling its pages.

How can these odd words be explained? Part of the answer is the British sense of humor. Britons don’t like to take things too seriously, and this is evident through many British words and phrases. For example, to “spend a penny” means to use the bathroom. It refers to the days when people had to pay a penny to use a public toilet.

In an interview for the BBC’s website, British linguist David Crystal suggested there may be historical reasons for the sheer number of odd words and phrases in British English. He thinks that they began in the late 16th and early 17th centuries. This was a great age for the theater, when Shakespeare and other writers worked hard to keep up with the demand for new plays. The theater’s popularity also created an incentive (刺激) to invent new words.

With this in mind, perhaps Shakespeare and his peers are to blame for unusual British words such as “codswallop” and “balderdash” – which both, ironically, mean “nonsense”.

While these strange words may be confusing to non-native speakers, they certainly make studying English a lot more interesting.

1.According to the text, why may non-native speakers find it hard to learn English?

A. Dictionaries don’t explain odd usages of many words.

B. A great many strange words make no sense to them.

C. The English textbooks they study are usually out of date.

D. They are unable to understand the humor in conversations.

2.With the example of “spend a penny”, the author intends to _________.

A. explain one reason of how some strange phrases were created

B. explain the meaning and background of the phrase

C. show what typical British sense of humour is

D. show British people’s attitude toward strange words

3.According to David Crystal, _________.

A. many of the words that Shakespeare invented were nonsense

B. Shakespeare’s works are boring because of the odd words involved

C. the theatre’s success in the 17th century inspired the birth of many odd words

D. the odd words in Shakespeare’s plays contributed a lot to the theatre’s popularity

4.What is the text mainly about?

A. The development of the British English.

B. Shakespeare’s influence on British English.

C. The origin and meanings of British humour.

D. Some reasons for the large number of odd words in British English.

 

Protection Publications

CUSTOMER HEALTH: A GUIDE TO INTELLIGENT DECISIONS

Eight softcover edition of leading college text covering all aspects of basic health strategy(策略)for consumers. Includes much information on food fashion and “alternative methods”. Thoroughly referenced. By Stephen Barrett, M. D. , William M. London, Ed. D., Robert S. Baratz, M. D. , D. D. S. , Ph. D. , and Manfred Kroger, Ph. D. 608 pages, $23.00

CHIROPRACTIC(手疗法): THE CREATEST HOAX(骗局)OF THE CENTURY?

L. A. Chotkowski, M. D. , FACP, describes discoveries made during his half-century of medical practice. Includes reports of cases; the author’s observations at New York Chiropractic College, a chiropractic office, and a chiropractic lecture; and details of critical reports in the media. Second edition, softcover, 208 pages, $15.

THE WHOLE TOOTH

The fundamental guide to protecting your dental health and your pocketbook. Covers preventive care, finding a good dentist, dental restoring, cosmetic dentistry, dental quackery (治疗)and fraud(假牙), and dental insurance programs, including managed care. By Marvin J. Schissel, D. D. S. , and John E. Dodes, D. D. S. Softcover, 284 pages, $10.

QUACKERY AND YOU

The 32-page softcover brochure with special viewpoints by William Jarvis, Ph. D. , suitable for waiting rooms. $1.

 

To above prices, please add $3 for first book and $1 for each additional book for postage & handling. Foreign countries add $5 per book. Send orders to Quackwatch, P. O. Box 1747, Allen Avenue, NY 18105. The checks must be in US dollars. We cannot process credit card orders. Please use our order form from amazon.com and include your email address.

1.What do the four books have in common?

A. The means of cover packing.    B. The contents.

C. The prices.    D. The dates of publication.

2.What can you do to search for more information about the books?

A. Buy the brochure.    B. Write to the author.

C. Visit amazon.com.    D. Telephone the sellers.

3.If a Canadian wants to buy all the four books, he should__________.

A. pay $65 in total.    B. pay $69 in all.

C. pay for them by credit card.    D. pay for them in Canadian dollars.

4.For whom is QUACKERY AND YOU intended for?

A. Those who order some medicine.

B. Those who hold special opinions.

C. Those studying the science of medicine.

D. Those waiting to see the doctor.

 

假定你是李华,得知外教Mr. Hall寒假不回国,想邀请他到你家过春节。请给他写一封信,内容包括:

1.时间;

2.一同过节的家人;

3.活动。

注意:1. 词数100左右;

2.可以适当增加细节,以使行文连贯。

____________________________________________________________________________________________

____________________________________________________________________________________________

____________________________________________________________________________________________

____________________________________________________________________________________________

____________________________________________________________________________________________

____________________________________________________________________________________________

_______________________________________________________________________

 

Easy Ways to Build Vocabulary

It’s not all that hard to build an advanced and large vocabulary. Like many things in life, it’s1.ongoing process, and the best part of the process is that there’s enough room for improvement, 2.means you’ll just keep getting better and better. Of course you have to work at it. You wouldn’t think that a few 3. (month) of exercise in your teens would be enough 4.the rest of your life, and that’s also true for building your vocabulary----you have to keep at it daily, and pretty soon you will find that you have an excellent vocabulary.

One of the5. (effect) ways to build vocabulary is to read good books. You need to 6.(real)read at least one good book a week, preferably a classic. This isn’t as hard as it7.(sound), and it is far better than any other method because you improve your vocabulary while8.(read) an interesting piece of literature. Another nice thing is that you learn both new words and 9.(they)use unconsciously, meaning that you will tend to use the words10.(learn)this way in conversations almost automatically.

 

A young English teacher saved the lives of 30 students when he took_______of a bus after its driver suffered a serious heart attack. Guy Harvold, 24, had _______the students and three course leaders from Gatwick airport, and they were travelling to Bournemouth to _______their host families. They were going to_________a course at the ABC Language School in Bournemouth where Harvold works as a_______.

Harvold, who has not _______his driving test, said, “I realized the bus was out of control when I was_______the students.” The bus ran into trees at the side of the road and he _______the driver was slumped(倒伏)over the wheel. The driver didn’t_______. He was unconscious. The bus________a lamp post and it broke the glass on the front door before Harvold ________to bring the bus to a stop. Police ________the young teacher’s quick thinking. If he hadn’t________quickly, there could have been a terrible ________.

The bus driver never regained consciousness and died at Easy Surrey Hospital. He had worked regularly with the ________ and was very well regarded by the teachers and students. Harvold said, “I was ________ that no one else was hurt, but I hoped that the driver would ________.”

The head of the language school told the local newspaper that the school is going to send Harvold on a weekend ________to Dublin with a friend, thanking him for his________. A local driving school has also offered him six________driving lessons.

1.A. control    B. care    C. advantage    D. note

2.A. taken in    B. picked up    C. tracked down    D. helped out

3.A. greet    B. thank    C. invite    D. meet

4.A. present    B. introduce    C. take    D. organize

5.A. driver    B. doctor    C. librarian    D. teacher

6.A. given    B. marked    C. passed    D. conducted

7.A. speaking to    B. waiting for    C. returning to    D. looking for

8.A. learned    B. noticed    C. mentioned    D. doubted

9.A. sleep    B. cry    C. move    D. recover

10.A. ran over    B. went by    C. carried    D. hit

11.A. remembered    B. continued    C. prepared    D. managed

12.A. witnessed    B. recorded    C. praised    D. understood

13.A. appeared    B. reacted    C. escaped    D. interrupted

14.A. delay    B. accident    C. mistake    D. experience

15.A. airport    B. hospital    C. school    D. police

16.A. happy    B. fortunate    C. touched    D. sorry

17.A. survive    B. retire    C. relax    D. succeed

18.A. project    B. trip    C. dinner    D. duty

19.A. bravery    B. skill    C. quality    D. knowledge

20.A. necessary    B. easy    C. different    D. free

 

How to Remember What You Read

Reading is important. But the next step is making sure that you remember what you’ve read! 1.You may have just read the text, but the ideas, concepts and images(形象)may fly right out of your head. Here are a few tricks for remembering what you read.

2.

If the plot, characters, or word usage is confusing for you, likely won’t be able to remember what you read. It’s a bit like reading a foreign language. If you don’t understand what you’re reading, how would you remember it? But there are a few things you can do… Use a dictionary: look up the difficult words.

●Are you connected?

Does a character remind you of friend? Don’t the setting make you want to visit the place? Does the look inspire you, and make you want to read more? With some books, you may feel a connection right away.3.How willing are you to make the connections happen?

●Read it; hear it; be it!

Read the lines. Then, speak them out loud. And, put some character into the words. When he was writing his novels, Charles Dickens would act out the parts of the characters, He’d make faces in the mirror, and change his voice for each character.4.

●How often do you read?

If you read frequently, you’ll likely have and easier time with remembering what you’re reading(and what you’ve read).5.As you make reading a regular part of your life, you’ll make more connections, stay more focused and understand the text better. You’ll learn to enjoy literature—as you remember what you read!

A. Are you confused?

B. Practice makes perfect.

C. What’s your motivation?

D. Memory is sometimes a tricky thing.

E. Marking helps you remember what you read.

F. But other books require a bit more work on your part

G. You can do the same thing when you are reading the text!

 

There are energy savings to be made from all recyclable materials, sometimes huge savings. Recycling plastics and aluminum, for instance, uses only 5% to 10% as much energy as producing new plastic or smelting (提炼)aluminum.

Long before most of us even noticed what we now call “the environment,” Buckminster Fuller said, “Pollution is nothing but the resources(资源)we are not harvesting. We allow them to be left around because we’ve been ignorant of their value.” To take one example, let’s compare the throwaway economy(经济)with a recycling economy as we feed a cat for life.

Say your cat weight 5kg and eats one can of food each day. Each empty can of its food weighs 40g. In a throwaway economy, you would throw away 5,475 cans over the car’s 15-year lifetime. That’s 219kg of steel-more tan a fifth of a ton and more than 40 times the cat’s weight.

In a recycling economy, we would make one set of 100 cans to start with, then replace them over and over again with recycled cans. Since almost 3% of the metal is lost during reprocessing, we’d have to make an extra 10 cans each year. But in all, only 150 cans will be used up over the cat’s lifetime-and we’ll still have 100 left over for the next cat.

Instead of using up 219kg of steel, we’ve use only 6kg. And because the process of recycling steel is less polluting than making new steel, we’ve also achieved the following significant savings; in energy use-47% to 74%; in air pollution—85%; in water pollution—35%; in water use—40%.

1.What does Buckminster Fuller say about pollution?

A. It is becoming more serious    B. It destroys the environment

C. It benefits the economy    D. It is the resources yet to be used

2.How many cans will be used up in a cat’s 15-year lifetime in a recycling economy?

A. 50.    B. 100.

C. 150    D. 250

3.What is the author’s purpose in writing the text?

A. To promote the idea of recycling    B. To introduce an environmentalist

C. To discuss the causes of pollution    D. To defend the throwaway economy.

【推理关系】题干What is the author’s purpose in writing the text?文章内容In a recycling economy, we would make one set of 100 cans to start with, then replace them over and over again with recycled cans

It’s surprising how much simple movements of the body can affect the way we think. Using expansive gestures with open arms makes us feel more powerful, crossing your arms makes you more determined and lying down can bring more insights(领悟).

So if moving the body can have these effects, what about the clothes we wear? We’re all well aware of how dressing up in different ways can make us feel more attractive, sporty or professional, depending on the clothes we wear, but can the clothes actually change cognitive (认知的)performance or is it just a feeling?

Adam and Galinsky tested the effect of simply wearing a white lab coat on people’s powers of attention. The idea is that white coats are associated with scientists, who are in turn though to have close attention to detail.

What they found was that people wearing white coats performed better than those who weren’t. Indeed, they made only half as many errors as those wearing their own clothes on the Stroop Test( one way of measuring attention). The researchers call the effect “enclothed cognition,” suggesting that all manner of different clothes probably affect our cognition in many different ways.

This opens the way for all sorts of clothes-based experiments. Is the writer who wears a fedora more creative? Is the psychologist wearing little round glasses and smoking a cigar more insightful? Does a chef’s hat make the resultant food taste better?

From now on I will only be editing articles for PsyBlog while wearing a white coat to help keep the typing error count low. Hopefully you will be doing your part by reading PsyBlog in a cap and gown.(学位服).

1.What is the main idea of the text?

A. Body movements change the way people think

B. How people dress has an influence on their feelings

C. What people wear can affect their cognitive performance

D. People doing different jobs should wear different clothes

2.Adam and Galinsky’s experiment tested the effect of clothes on their wearers’___________.

A. insights    B. movements

C. attention    D. appearance

3.How does the author sound in the last paragraph?

A. Academic    B. Humorous

C. Formal    D. Hopeful

 

When I was in fourth grade, I worked part-time as a paperboy. Mrs. Stanley was one of my customers. She’d watch me coming down her street, and by the time I’d biked up to her doorstep, there’d be a cold drink waiting. I’d sit and drink while she talked.

Mrs. Stanley talked mostly about her dead husband, “Mr. Stanley and I went shopping this morning.” she’d say. The first time she said that, soda(汽水) went up my nose.

I told my father how Mrs. Stanley talked as if Mr. Stanley were still alive. Dad said she was probably lonely, and that I ought to sit and listen and nod my head and smile, and maybe she’d work it out of her system. So that’s what I did, and it turned out Dad was right. After a while she seemed content to leave her husband over at the cemetery(墓地).

I finally quit delivering newspapers and didn’t see Mrs. Stanley for several years. Then we crossed paths at a church fund-raiser(募捐活动). She was spooning mashed potatoes and looking happy. Four years before, she’d had to offer her paperboy a drink to have someone to talk with. Now she had friends. Her husband was gone, but life went on.

I live in the city now, and my paperboy is a lady named Edna with three kids. She asks me how I’m doing. When I don’t say “find,” she sticks around to hear my problems. She’s lived in the city most of her life, but she knows about community. Community isn’t so much a place as it is a state of mind. You find it whenever people ask how you’re doing because they care, and not because they’re getting paid to do so. Sometimes it’s good to just smile, nod your head and listen.

1.Why did soda go up the author’s nose one time?

A. He was talking fast    B. He was shocked

C. He was in a hurry    D. He was absent-minded

2.Why did the author sit and listen to Mrs. Stanley according to paragraph 3?

A. He enjoyed the drink    B. He wanted to be helpful

C. He took the chance to rest    D. He tried to please his dad

3.Which of the following can replace the underlined phrase “work it out of her system”?

A. recover from her sadness    B. move out of the neighborhood

C. turn to her old friends    D. speak out about her past

4.What does the author think people in a community should do?

A. Open up to others    B. Depend on each other

C. Pay for others’ help    D. Care about one another

 

书面表达

假如你是李华,最近你发现你的好友李鹏因为一次英语考试不及格有了厌学的情绪,你很担心他。请根据以下的要点给李鹏写一封英语邮件,鼓励他战胜困难、努力学习。

1.分析李鹏的学习情况。他上课不注意听讲等;

2.高中生应该如何面对考试中的失败和挫折;

3.对他今后的学习提供帮助。

注意:

1.短文必须包括所有要点,可以适当增加情节,使内容连贯。

2.词数100左右。

3.开头和结尾已经给出,不计入总词数。

4.参考词汇:frustration挫折

Dear Li Peng,

To be honest,I'm really concerned about you as I find you are tired of studying English after taking the exam. I'm writing to_________________________________________________________________________________

____________________________________________________________________________________________

____________________________________________________________________________________________

____________________________________________________________________________________________

____________________________________________________________________________________________

____________________________________________________________________________________________

Yours Sincerely,

Li Hua

 

语法填空

阅读下面材料,在空白处填入1个适当的单词或括号内单词的正确形式。

How do learning habits influence learning results? It’s useful and necessary to discuss learning habits.There is a famous   1  (say) "Good habits lead to good endings", which shows the importance of habits.

"An apple a day keeps the doctor away" also   2  (show) a healthy everyday habit helps to build up our body.Thus, good learning habits can help us gain great learning results, high  scores  and  abundant  knowledge   3  (include). At first, learning habits form our ways of thinking and attitude   4  the content of our learning.   5  (obvious), a good habit can help us to speed up to reach our destinations. As we can see, developing a good habit is so important that I would like to introduce one kind of good learning habits keeping   6  learning diary every day. We can start the habit by   7  (write) a learning summary and remember to record something impressive and meaningful. Keep it in mind,   8  gradually we will gain this good learning habit and benefit from it.

What’s   9  (much), I find out that I still have some bad learning habits   10  well. I can only concentrate on reading for a short time, and I will conquer this problem by spending more efforts on concentration practice.

I believe that through my efforts, I can gain good learning results by having good habits.

 

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