1.说实在的,如果你能用现金支付我会非常感激(honest; appreciate)

__________________________________________________________________________

2.我们钦佩他对教学的投入,从他身上我们学到了很多(admire; devotion; 定语从句)

__________________________________________________________________________

3.他和女主人交谈得很开心。显然,他们对彼此很熟悉(familiar)

__________________________________________________________________________

4.他女朋友一直未原谅他的不守信,即便他已经道歉了(forgive; word; even though)

___________________________________________________________________________

5.我们的老师认为养成良好的学习习惯很重要,我们可以从中受益匪浅(attach; form; benefit)

__________________________________________________________________________

 

In much of Asia, especially the so-called “rice-bowl” cultures of China, Japan, Korea, 1. Vietnam, food is usually eaten with chopsticks.

Chopsticks are usually two long, thin pieces of wood or bamboo. They can also be made of plastic, animal bone or metal. Sometimes chopsticks are quite artistic. Truly elegant chopsticks might 2. (make) of gold and silver with Chinese characters. Skilled workers also combine various hardwoods and metal 3. (create) special design.

The Chinese have used chopsticks for five thousand years. People probably cooked their food in large pots, 4. (use) twigs(树枝) to remove it. Over time, 5. the population grew, people began cutting food into small pieces so it would cook more quickly. Food in small pieces could be eaten easily with twigs which 6. (gradual) turned into chopsticks.

Some people think that the great Chinese scholar Confucius, 7. lived from roughly 551 to 479 B.C., influenced the 8. (develop) of chopsticks. Confucius believed knives would remind people of killings and 9. (be) too violent for use at the table.

Chopsticks are not used everywhere in Asia. In India, for example, most people traditionally eat 10. their hands.

 

The young woman entered the pool where an injured dolphin(海豚) was swimming.Despite her fear, she felt strong wearing her new leg.

In her second grade.Maja __________ her cousin,Jasmina.After Jasmina’s death.Maja swore she would honor the little girl by __________ with a dolphin, an animal that both girls __________.” Jasmina never got the chance to do it.” says Maja, now, “so I __________ that someday I’d do it for her.”

In high school, Maja was __________ about sports.She even planned to become an athlete. __________, in 1993, during the civil war in her home country, a bomb(炸弹)__________ her left leg.

After two years’ __________ in the U.S., Maja received her first artificial leg, but __________ it didn’t fit well, walking for Maja was very painful. __________, she managed to graduate from a local high school.Then after receiving a __________ from Saint Francis University, she got a job at an insurance firm and __________ started her own company.

     To relax, Maja __________ often watch the dolphins play at an aquarium(水族馆)near her home.A young dolphin, Winter, who had lost its tail, caught her __________. One day, Maja happened to see trainers __________ Winter with a high-tech tail.When they were done, Winter swam freely in the water. Maja was inspired.She__________ to find the inventors of Winter’s tail.Within ten days, she had a new leg which freed her of the __________ that had troubled her for almost 16 years.

Now Maja was ready to keep her __________.She went to the aquarium.Lowered herself into the pool and held out a hand to Winter, who got close __________, then swam away.After a few minutes, the dolphin let Maja __________ its back. Finally, the two began to swim around the pool together.

1.A. lost    B. visited    C. rescued    D. left

2.A. talking    B. living    C. surfing    D. swimming

3.A. spoiled    B. accepted    C. liked    D. bought

4.A. pretended    B. perfected    C. decided    D. agreed

5.A. interested    B. crazy    C. positive    D. concerned

6.A. Undoubtedly    B. Surprisingly    C. Unfortunately    D. Strangely

7.A. took away    B. took over    C. cut down    D. cut off

8.A. study    B. operation    C. experiment    D. treatment

9.A. until    B. because    C. although    D. if

10.A. However    B. Therefore    C. Besides    D. Otherwise

11.A. glory    B. notice    C. prize    D. degree

12.A. gradually    B. finally    C. actually    D. personally

13.A. might    B. should    C. would    D. could

14.A. nose    B. leg    C. eye    D. hand

15.A. decorating    B. guiding    C. marking    D. fitting

16.A. succeeded    B. managed    C. shocked    D. puzzled

17.A. pain    B. sadness    C. worry    D. fear

18.A. attention    B. promise    C. record    D. habit

19.A. blindly    B. swiftly    C. carefully    D. gratefully

20.A. touch    B. cover    C. mop    D. inspect

 

Teamwork is the ability to work together with other members toward a common goal. 1. Many factors influence the working of a team. If a team can’t get the desired results, try the following ways that would help improve teamwork.

Planning goals ahead: 2. When a goal is planned, all team members should be clear about their goal they have to achieve and then they should find a way that would lead them to achieve their goal.

Electing a team leader: A team is led by the team leader. 3. It is the leader’s duty to work out the conflicts(冲突) caused by different characters and attitudes.

Maintaining(维持) good relationships between team members: Teamwork needs cooperation. 4. So it will also be great if the team members can communicate outside the workplace to know each other more. This will help increase a sense of togetherness at work, thus improving teamwork.

Avoiding competition: Competition is important for a person’s growth. 5. One should understand that each person has his or her own strengths and weaknesses. Rather than compete with each other in the team, one should learn from others and improve his or her own performance.

A. It will be good for their cooperation if the members know each other well.

B. But there are many difficulties in teamwork.

C. The ability can help common people achieve uncommon goals.

D. His or her duty is to encourage and lead the team members to achieve their goal.

E. The goals should be easy enough to achieve.

F. However, unhealthy competition among group members can hurt team spirit.

G. It is the duty of all the members to work together to plan the goal.

 

Earlier this month, blogger Lisa Henderson announced that she and her husband John had decided not to have Christmas. The family, who lives in Utah, will still put up decorations, but presents from Santa are a no-go this year.

“John and I feel like we are fighting a very hard uphill battle with our kids when it comes to their rights,” Henderson wrote on her blog. “It is one of the biggest struggles as a parent these days in middle class America. Our kids have been acting so ungrateful lately. ... John said, “We shouldn’t just celebrate Christmas. And, so that’s what we did.”

Instead, the Hendersons are putting the money they would have spent on gifts toward service projects in order to teach their three sons the “pleasure of giving.” The children will still receive gifts from grandparents and other family members, but this year, she said, their letters to Santa will be asking him to find someone who needs presents more than they do.

In an interview with ABC News, 11-year-old Caleb Henderson admitted that he and his brothers had been behaving badly. “We would hit each other. We were fighting and crying,” he admitted, and Lisa said that when she broke the news to her sons, they cried pretty hard.

But so far, Henderson told Fox News last week, the family is having a sudden turning this into a different kind of gift. They have already held a clothing drive and sent boxes of clothes and candy to a village in the Philippines that was hit hard last year by Typhoon Haiyan.

“The children were excited and kept wanting to give more and more,” she reported on her blog.

Many readers responded positively to Henderson’s post. Some sharing their own stories of limiting Christmas in order to teach their children to be charitable(仁慈的) or grateful. “As parents you’re giving your kids something so much more special than a bunch of gifts on Christmas,” one wrote.

But Henderson received negative follow-ups as well on her blog. Responding to critics, she updated her blog with a statement that reads, in part:

I just wanted to explain a couple of things. First, my kids are in no way hurt for things.... They have reacted by making gifts for each other and packing them into each other’s stockings stealthily(偷偷地). They are learning exactly what we wanted them to learn, because they are not moving around feeling sorry for themselves. They are thinking of others.

The second thing I wanted to explain is why I wrote this post. Some people seem to think I wrote this for attention. Ummm, the attention you get from posts like this is not good and actually extremely difficult to deal with.... The reason I wrote this post is I want to empower parents to feel like it’s okay to take a stand. ... I wanted to share what we are doing, so any parents that feel they are struggling with the same issues in their home can see what others are doing and get ideas for their family. My intention is to help support other parents and to raise amazing kids.

1.The underlined sentence in Paragraph 4 can be replaced by_______.

A. when Lisa told the kids they didn’t spend Christmas, they felt extremely sad

B. all the kids let out an excited cry when Santa sent them Christmas presents

C. the moment Lisa said the Philippines was hit by typhoon, they burst into tears

D. when their grandparents didn’t send them gifts, the kids couldn’t help crying.

2.From the last two paragraphs we can conclude that_______.

A. the writer strongly called on people to care for the unfortunate

B. educating kids needs regular communication and great patience

C. the writer wants to share his experiences of raising amazing kids

D. parents should praise children for their kindness to other people

3.Which of the following can be the best title?

A. Why These Parents Decided Not To Celebrate Christmas.

B. How Americans usually Spend A Traditional Christmas.

C. A Hard Battle between Kids And Parents At Christmas.

D. What American People Do To Have A Nice Christmas

 

When the dog named Judy spotted the first sheep in her life, she did what comes naturally. The four-year-old dog set off racing after the sheep across several fields and, being a city animal, lost both her sheep and her sense of direction. Then she ran along the edge of cliff( 悬崖) and fell 100 feet, bouncing off a rock into the sea.

Her owner Mike Holden panicked and called the coastguard of Cornwall, who turned up in seconds. Six volunteers slid down the cliff with the help of a rope but gave up all hope of finding her alive after a 90-minute search.

Three days later, a hurricane(飓风) hit the coast near Cornwall. Mr. Holden returned home from his holiday upset and convinced his pet was dead. He comforted himself with the thought she had died in the most beautiful part of the country.

For the next two weeks, the Holdens were heartbroken. Then, one day, the phone rang and Steve Tregear, the coastguard of Cornwall, asked Holder if he would like his dog back.

A birdwatcher, armed with a telescope, found the pet sitting hopelessly on a rock. While he sounded the alarm, a student from Leeds climbed down the cliff to collect Judy.

The dog had been knocked unconscious(失去知觉的)at first but had survived by drinking water from a fresh scream at the base of the cliff. She may have fed on the body of a sheep which had also fallen over the edge. “The dog was very thin and hungry,” Steve Tregear said , “It was a very lucky dog. She survived because of a plentiful supply of fresh water,” he added.

It was, as Mr. Holden admitted, “a minor miracle(奇迹)”.

1.The dog Judy fell down the cliff when she was ________.

A. rescuing her owner    B. caught in a hurricane

C. blocked by a rock    D. running after a sheep

2.Who spotted Judy after the accident?

A. A student from Leeds    B. A birdwatcher

C. Six volunteers    D. The coastguard of Cornwall

3.What can we infer from the text?

A. People like to travel with their pets.

B. Judy was taken to the fields for hunting.

C. Holden cared little where Judy was buried.

D. Luck plays an important role in Judy's survival.

4.Which of the following can be the best title for the text?

A. Miracle of the Coastguard.    B. Coming Back from the Dead.

C. Dangers in the Wild    D. Surviving a Hurricane.

 

About 21,000 young people in 17 American states do not attend classes in school buildings. Instead, they receive their elementary(初等的) and high school education by working at home on computers. The center for Education Reform says the United States has 67 public "cyberschools" and that is about twice as many as two years ago.

The money for students to attend a cyberschool comes from the governments of the states where they live. Some educators say cyberschools receive money that should support traditional public schools. They also say it is difficult to know if students are learning well.

Other educators praise this new form of education for letting students work at their own speed. These people say cyberschools help students who were unhappy or unsuccessful in traditional schools. They say learning at home by computer ends long bus rides for children who live far from school.

Whatever the judgment of cyberschools, they are getting more and more popular. For example, a new cyberschool called Commonwealth Connections Academy will take in students this fall. It will serve children in the state of Pennsylvania from ages five through thirteen.

Children get free equipment for their online education. This includes a computer, a printer, books and technical services. Parents and students talk with teachers by telephone or by sending emails through their computers when necessary.

Students at cyberschools usually do not know one another. But 56 such students finished studies at Western Pennsylvania Cyber Charter School recently met for the first time. They were guests of honor at their graduation.

1.What do we know from the text about students of a cyberschool?

A. They have to take long bus rides to school.

B. They study at home rather than in classrooms.

C. They receive money from traditional public schools.

D. They do well in traditional school programs.

2.What is a problem with cyberschools?

A. Their equipment costs a lot of money.

B. They get little support from the state government.

C. The students find it hard to make friends.

D. It is hard to know students' progress in learning.

3.Cyberschools are getting popular because _________.

A. they are less expensive for students

B. their graduates are more successful in society

C. their students can work at their own speed

D. they serve students in a wider age range

 

阅读下面短文,根据所给情节进行续写,使之构成一个完整的故事。

Several years ago, I was living in New York and working for an airline, so I never got back home for Christmas. My Christmas was happy too with some other colleagues around. But in my heart I was sad because I couldn’t stay with my family. Sometimes my colleagues would say our Christmas was filled with tears. But this Christmas was different. I was lucky. I had the whole day off, which meant I could stay with my family on Christmas Eve.

When Christmas morning came, I awoke to a small hand rubbing my face. “Dad, Merry Christmas!” was all my younger son had time to say. He seemed to be racing against time. I knew he was hunting for gifts with his brother eagerly. I got downstairs just to see the two little boys’ faces as they looked at the pocket rockets Santa Claus had left them. I realized that the real Christmas was for the children who had deep belief in the amazing power of Santa Claus. At first, their fingers went almost shyly over their toys. When their inspection had been completed, the two boys ensured that the gifts were really delivered by Santa Claus and they dragged everything into the center of the living room.

Delight flooded the room. As their mother began giving out gifts, I smiled to myself, wondering how my unexpected gifts this year would be received. With so many Christmas spent outside, I had prepared so many gifts for my children and together with my wife I hid them in several secret places. But the children were excellent detectives and they found all of them. They were happily opening packages constantly thanking considerate Santa Claus for his kindness and ability to know their desires. But I had not received a single one. I knew they had forgotten my existence with my absence from their Christmas these years.

注意:

1. 所续写短文的字数应为150左右

2. 应使用5个以上短文中标有下划线的关键词;

3. 续写部分分为两段,每段的开头语都为你写好;

4. 续写完成后,请用下划线标出你使用的关键词语。

Paragraph 1:

I had to admit that my disappointment was growing steadily._____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

 

联合国教科文组织(UNESCO)在1995年宣传每年的4月23日为“世界读书日”(World Book Day)。假设你是你们学校的学生会主席,请你写一篇讲稿,向全校同学简要介绍“世界读书日”并呼吁同学们多读书。内容包括:

简述“世界读书日”(发起时间及目的);

讲述读书的益处;

呼吁同学们多读书,读好书。

注意:

1.词数80左右;

2.可适当增加细节,以使行文连贯。

My dear fellows,

 

 

 

 

 

 

                                                                         

 

 

 

The Students’ Union

 

Many people travel during the holiday season but do not make sure that their houses and homes1.(protect). Crime goes up2.(rapid) during the winter and summer holiday seasons. Here are some things that you should keep in mind when you go on a holiday.

Always give3.(strange) the feeling that you are at home. Have the snow4.(clean) off your stairs or out of your driveway during the winter season. You might ask someone to park5.car in your driveway.

Tell your newspaper deliverer that you are not at home.6.(have) a pile of newspapers and other mail on your doorsteps tells people that you are not at home, so you could also have a neighbor7.a relative get your mail every day.

Fix a timer in some of your rooms8.turn lights on and9.during different time of the day. Some TVs also come with a timer that you could set to be turned on during certain time. Fix motion(运动) sensitive lights outside your house 10.(keep) thieves away when you are not at home. Safety is what really counts.

 

Last year, I was lucky enough to work at an office near my mother’s house._________, I stayed with her for a month. During that time, I _________ her out with the housework and contributed to the groceries.

After a week, I started to _________ the groceries were running out pretty quickly.___________, I began observing my mother’s daily routine for two weeks. To my _________, I found she would pack a paper bag full of canned goods and _________every morning at about nine. She took the food to the slums(贫民窟) and distributed it to street _________.

I asked around and _________ my mum was popular in the area. The kids looked up to her as if she were their own mother. Then it hit me ——why didn’t she want to tell me about what she’d been doing? Was she _________ that I would stop buying the groceries if I knew the truth?

When she got home, I told her about my discovery and __________ she could react, I gave her a big hug and told her she didn’t need to keep it a __________ from me. She told me that __________ of the children lived with an old lady in a makeshift home while others____________on the streets. For years, my mum had been helping out by __________ whatever food she could __________. I was so moved by how __________ she was. She used what was__________for her to help others in need. And I was so __________ of her.

I __________ to buy groceries for my mum. But now, I always add a(n)__________bag for her other children.

1.A. However    B. Besides    C. Therefore    D. Otherwise

2.A. slowed    B. helped    C. sent    D. pushed

3.A. ignore    B. understand    C. complain    D. notice

4.A. Confused    B. Embarrassed    C. Moved    D. Annoyed

5.A. delight    B. relief    C. surprise    D. regret

6.A. work out    B. head out    C. clean up    D. get up

7.A. children    B. strangers    C. passers-by    D. artists

8.A. made sure    B. let out    C. pointed out    D. found out

9.A. angry    B. hopeless    C. worried    D. frightened

10.A. once    B. before    C. until    D. after

11.A. secret    B. surprise    C. gift    D. reminder

12.A. few    B. all    C. any    D. some

13.A. lay    B. ate    C. slept    D. played

14.A. giving    B. collecting    C. receiving    D. selling

15.A. lend    B. spare    C. find    D. bring

16.A. curious    B. cautious    C. fearless    D. selfless

17.A. meant    B. cooked    C. borrowed    D. produced

18.A. tired    B. fond    C. scared    D. proud

19.A. refuse    B. long    C. continue    D. agree

20.A. large    B. extra    C. beautiful    D. empty

 

 

Do you want to put a smile on someone’s face? Maybe make their day a little bit brighter? 1. In fact, many things can be done as a part of your normal routine and cost little or nothing. Try out one or more of the following ways today to put smiles on their faces.

2. Handwritten notes that are given to encourage someone, not just for thanking someone for a gift, are rare. That makes handwritten notes even more special. Start a new practice of sitting down and writing an encouraging note on a regular basis.

Take a friend out to lunch or invite him or her to your home for a meal. 3. If you feel like being more adventurous, throw a party for several of your friends.

Deliver a meal to someone you know that is sick or having a rough time. We have all been sick and know the last thing you want to do is being out of bed. There are also times when life is tough. 4.

Ask a friend if you can take care of their kids for a day or an evening. If you have been a parent, you know the value of being able to have a few hours of “adult time” without worrying about the children. 5. Offer to do it when the parents want to relax themselves.

Besides, there is one more way that can’t be ignored. Give a real smile to everyone you meet. You will experience how easy it is to get others to smile!

A. Thank everyone that supports you.

B. Write an encouraging note to others.

C. Helping others will be rewarded with more smiles.

D. Don’t wait to be asked to baby-sit when it is required.

E. It doesn’t have to take much time or money on your part.

F. You can be a great help by providing a meal that can be enjoyed.

G. You will get to know each other even better than you do right now.

 

Astonishingly, 26 million Britons will be obese by 2030, placing a huge pressure on health services, according to studies published on Friday highlighting the growing global obesity problem. Based on present trends, obesity rates in Britain will rise from 26 percent to 41-48 percent in men, and from 26 percent to 35-43 percent in women over the next two decades. By 2030, as many as 11 million more British adults will be obese and 3.3 million of them will be aged over 60.

The resulting cost burden on health services could be as much as £2 billion per year, according to the research published in The Lancet medical journal.

In the U.S. the prediction is even worse, with 50-51 percent of American men and 45-52 percent of American women expected to be obese by 2030, adding as many as 65 million to the country’s population of obese adults.

The study, led by Claire Wang of Columbia University in New York and Klim McPherson of Oxford University, says that medical costs will surge, given obesity’s links with diabetes, cancer, heart disease and strokes.

“The combined medical costs associated with treatment for these preventable diseases are estimated to increase by $48-66 billion per year in the U.S. and by £1.9-2 billion per year in the U.K. by 2030,” it says.

McPherson said politicians are shying away from settling the problem for fear of being criticized. “I think they do ‘get’ it but they don’t know what to do with it, and they don’t think it’s their responsibility,” he said.

Today, around 1.5 billion adults are overweight and a further 0.5 billion obese, with 170 million children classified as overweight or obese. Dealing with obesity takes up between two and six percent of health care costs in many countries.

In the study, the researchers traced the problem to the 1970s and 80s, and related it to a rise in food consumption and a more sedentary(案头的) lifestyle.

1.What can be learned from Paragraph 1?

A. 26 million Britons are suffering from obesity nowadays.

B. Obesity rates in British women and men are the same nowadays.

C. By 2030, about eleven million adults will be obese in Britain.

D. Most obese people will be aged over 60 by 2030.

2.The underlined word “surge” in Paragraph 4 probably means “________”.

A. increase quickly    B. appear suddenly

C. refuse bravely    D. develop independently

3.In McPherson’s opinion, politicians ________.

A. are most likely to be obese

B. have nothing to do with the obesity problem

C. should make more efforts to solve the obesity problem

D. have more detailed information about the obesity

4.In which part of a newspaper are we most likely to read the passage?

A. Health.    B. Science.    C. Education.    D. Politics.

 

The behavior of a building’s users may be at least as important as its design when it comes to energy use, according to new research from the UK Energy Research Center(UKERC). The UK promised to reduce its carbon emissions by 80 percent by 2050, part of which will be achieved by all new homes being zero-carbon by 2016. But this report shows that sustainable(可持续的) building design on its own, though extremely important, is not enough to achieve such reductions: the behavior of the people using the building has to change too.

The study suggests that the ways that people use and live in their homes have been largely ignored by existing efforts to improve energy efficiency, which instead focus on architectural and technological developments.

“Technology is going to assist but it is not going to do everything,” explains Katy Janda, a UKERC senior researcher, “consumption patterns of building users can defeat the most careful design.” In other words, old habits die hard, even in the best-designed eco-home.

Another part of the problem is information. Households and bill-payers don’t have the knowledge they need to change their energy-use habits. Without specific information, it’s hard to estimate the costs and benefits of making different choices. Feedback(反馈) facilities, like smart meters and energy monitors, could help bridge this information gap by helping people see how changing their behavior directly affects their energy use; some studies have shown that households can achieve up to 15 percent energy savings using smart meters.

Social science research has added a further dimension(方面), suggesting that individuals’ behavior in the home can be personal and cannot be predictedwhether people throw open their windows rather than turn down the thermostat(恒温器), for example.

Janda argues that education is the key. She calls for a focused program to teach people about buildings and their own behavior in them.

1.As to energy use, the new research from UKERC stresses the importance of ________.

A. zero-carbon homes    B. the behavior of building users

C. sustainable building design    D. the reduction of carbon emissions

2.The underlined word “which” in Paragraph 2 refers to “________”.

A. the ways    B. their homes    C. developments    D. existing efforts

3.What are Katy Janda’s words mainly about?

A. The importance of changing building users’ habits.

B. The necessity of making a careful building design.

C. The variety of consumption patterns of building users.

D. The role of technology in improving energy efficiency.

 

Probably the hardest part of setting goals is the first step of actually deciding to take action! The first barrier that most people face is the incorrect assumption(假设) that goals are only for business people. The reality is that everyone sets goals mentally throughout the day. There are always occasions where something has to be done at a particular time or in a particular place. Simple examples could be getting up at a certain time in order to be at work, or to meet with a friend for an activity.

The beauty of having goals is the uniqueness of each one to the goal setter. Whether it is personal, financial, or business, they are all specific to that person and their situation.

The most important part is to write them down. Having goals written down gives you power while helping you to focus on this area.

Aim for something that will stretch you while remaining achievable. If you achieve your goal too easily, it is not high enough to make any significant change in your life. On the other hand, if you consistently miss the goals, consider setting them a little lower as you will only get discouraged and probably give up. The aim is to keep you growing and moving into a more satisfactory position.

As you reach the levels that you have set for yourself, always include a small reward at each point. This might only be a small thing in the early days like a meal out or a weekend vacation.

Remember that these changes will not happen overnight and there will be a period of time when nothing seems to be happening. This is why the goals need to be detailed and as specific as possible with a result and benefit.

Allow some time on a daily basis to educate yourself on how to make the necessary adjustments in your life. This could include listening to a CD, or reading a book, etc.

A simple method to start with could be one goal in the main areas of life to be achieved in one month, six months, twelve months or five years. Break that down further into a daily, weekly and monthly system. Stay focused and stick to achieving all that you desire.

1.The main examples in Paragraph 1 tell us that ________.

A. goals are set mostly for important things

B. most people know when it is time to set goals

C. people can set goals to get things done all the time

D. it is necessary to get goals once in a while

2.The charm of having goals is that each goal is ________.

A. important    B. achievable    C. special    D. meaningful

3.A good goal is one that is ________.

A. easy enough for you to feel nice    B. high enough yet achievable

C. always in a satisfactory position    D. changed again and again

 

假如你是李华,南昌二中的一名学生,得知可向国际儿童基金会(Foundation)申请一个经费为2000元的扶贫项目(poverty-relief program),帮助贫困地区的儿童。你感兴趣,准备申请。请根据以下要点写一篇文章。

1)个人的基本情况和申请理由;

2)你对申请项目的具体设想和项目经费的使用计划;

3)你的愿望。联系方式:2016hope@ief.org

注意:1.词数100左右;

2.可以适当增加细节,以使行文连贯。

3.开头语和结尾语已为你写好。

Dear Sir or Madam,

__________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

Yours sincerely,

Li Hua

 

增加:在缺词处加一个漏字符号(),并在其下面写出该加的词。

删除:把多余的词用斜线(\)划掉。

修改:在错的词下划一横线,并在该词下面写出修改后的词。

注意:1.每处错误及其修改均仅限一词。

2.每句只有一处错。

Nowadays, a lot of people are unwilling to help others. However, Liu Fang acted different. Last Sunday afternoon, on her way back school, Liu Fang came across an old man lie on the ground, seriously hurt in the leg. She immediately stopped, calling 120 and gave first aid. Soon, the ambulance came and took the man to hospital. When anything was OK, she left for school. Such is Liu Fang, the helpful person. Thought there might be misunderstanding or even trouble when we help others, but yet I strongly believe that she has done the right thing. As responsible citizens, it is our duty to help people in needs. Also, if you don’t offer your help when others are in trouble, what can you expect help from others when you were in trouble?

 

 

1.His brother was a____________ to Beijing University last year.

2.The Chinese team has won many gold m____________ up to now.

3.I think the problem is of great importance and d___________ considering.

4.Since the problem has a__________, we should take action at once.

5.The boy is very clever and he shows high i______________ in study.

6.Though it’s difficult, we should e__________ all the possibilities.

7.Do not judge a person by his a_____________ which may lead to wrong conclusions.

8.High science and t__________ leads to fast development of economy.

9.Last week we went on a journey to Tibet, where we had a____________(glory) time.

10.She ____________(简化)the instructions so that the children could understand them.

11.I have not _______________(计算)the result of the math problem.

12.The wide ____________(应用)of computers in life will free man from the heavy work.

13.With the help of the ____________(信号)sent by the survivors, the rescue workers found the trapped explorers.

14.The _______________(古老的)building has a long history and many people visit it every year.

15.Since we are short of money, I can’t afford to buy a new car to _____________(替换)my old one.

 

Many sports players have not only accomplished incredible acts of athleticism(运动能力), but also unbelievable acts of sportsmanship. There were some______examples in 2014, and I have_______two that inspired me.

One example of sportsmanship took place in the Sochi Olympics. Russian Anton Gafarov was hobbling(蹒跚而行) along the track, far______the rest of the skiers. One of his skis(滑雪板) was broken. He had tried to______with the damaged equipment. Canadian ski coach Justin Wadsworth was the only one who had an extra. Wadsworth didn’t want Gafarov to finish slowly, hobbling across the line. He wanted him to finish with _____ The Canadian skiers were already out of the race, giving Wadsworth two ______: Leave Gafarov to hobble across the line on one ski,_____give him the spare one. Wadsworth gave him the extra ski,______Gafarov to get second place in the quarter-finals. ____, he came in sixth in the semi-finals. _____was Wadsworth who helped Gafarov complete his Olympic dream.

The other example took place in the 2014 World Cup quarter-final match between Brazil and Colombia. The game had just ended. Brazil had won, 2-1. Brazil was______on the sidelines, cheering and having a good time. Colombian midfielder James Rodriguez had just had his World Cup dream tore apart _____scoring a record-breaking six goals in the competition. Brazil defender David Luiz walked over to him, pointed at him, and _____the crowd to acknowledge him. He then declared his______for a game well played and______him for his wonderful World Cup performance. It made both the crowd and Rodriquez_____ .

As an athlete, I know it’s easy to get caught up in the______of a game. But I also know that ______is just as important as losing and winning.

Always remember to______your opposing team. Play hard, but play fair. And always be nice. It’s the right thing to do and it always _______.

1.A. amusing    B. interesting    C. amazing    D. embarrassing

2.A. collected    B. picked    C. made    D. created

3.A. behind    B. off    C. from    D. back

4.A. walk    B. go    C. work    D. continue

5.A. determination    B. kindness    C. love    D. pride

6.A. questions    B. chances    C. choices    D. problems

7.A. or    B. and    C. but    D. nor

8.A. advising    B. allowing    C. instructing    D. wanting

9.A. Gradually    B. Specifically    C. Particularly    D. Finally

10.A. He    B. That    C. It    D. This

11.A. imagining    B. reviewing    C. celebrating    D. training

12.A. despite    B. as    C. though    D. while

13.A. urged    B. forced    C. expected    D. warned

14.A. surprise    B. doubt    C. curiosity    D. appreciation

15.A. prepared    B. recognized    C. challenged    D. interviewed

16.A. shy    B. happy    C. crazy    D. tired

17.A. fun    B. advantage    C. meaning    D. competitiveness

18.A. sportsmanship    B. championship    C. leadership    D. friendship

19.A. respond to    B. fight against    C. shake hands with    D. keep up with

20.A. pays out    B. pays back    C. pays off    D. pays for

 

 

Being A Volunteer

What can you do to help people? The answer is-to be a volunteer! 1.

Help yourself by helping others

When you volunteer to help others, you are helping yourself. 2.Lots of people really enjoy volunteering. Doing volunteer work means one important thing: You make a difference in the world. So where do you start?3.

Things to do with family members

Volunteering is a great way to have fun with your family. Talk to your parents, brothers, or sisters and see what they might be interested in. Find something you all agree on. You can do the things as a family like cleaning up a park and planting trees or flowers in your local community(社区)

Invent your own opportunity

4. You can make and sell products, and donate(捐赠) the money. Volunteering gives kids a taste of responsibility. Volunteering can also help kids learn important things about themselves-like what kind of things they’re best at. A volunteer job can even help some kids decide what they want to do when they grow up. 5.Make a plan to start volunteering today!

A. School is a good place to start if you are looking for volunteer ideas

B. Volunteering means to spend time helping others

C. If you’re upset, doing something can be a great way to calm yourself down

D. Why not come?

E. So what are you waiting for?

F. Kids can come up with their own ways to raise money or provide needed services

G. Clean up a school or other public buildings

 

Summer Surfing USA

15-Day Tour for Beach Lovers

Visit these beautiful Southern California surfing beaches

El Capitan in Santa Barbara, Surf Riders in Malibu, the Wedge at Newport Beach, Doheny at Dana Point. Accommodations (住宿): Single or double rooms in beachfront hotels

Price includes: Daily surfboard use, 3-hour beginner’s class

Nightlife activities: Beach meals, club dancing, moonlight trips

Additional activities: Visit Universal Studios and Disneyland

Tour Beverly Hills and see the movie stars’ homes

Tour cost: Single room at $1,999

Double room at $2,300

Hazel’s Personal Services

Do you ever have questions like these ?

●Where can I get my hair cut for a reasonable price?

●Do you know where I can have someone fix my bike ?

●Where can I get someone to upgrade my computer?

●Do you know where I can have my jacket cleaned?

Do you know where you can have ALL these things done? Call Hazel! (646)555-2121

Hazel offers:

√ Computer support  √ Repairs  √ Beauty services

√ Washing          √ Pet-sitting

If Hazel doesn’t offer the service you need, she’ll find someone who does!

Vote for Roberta Chang

Roberta Chang will clean up Cradville!

Have you noticed these problems in our city?

●The air is becoming dangerously dirty because of gases from cars and trucks.

●There is heavy traffic on the roads because of people’s dependence on cars.

●Our city streets are being destroyed as a result of heavy traffic.

●Many parks have been lost through overbuilding.

●Our fresh water supply is being overused by people who don’t save it.

If you vote Roberta Chang for city council (议会), you vote for solutions!

1.What can one get from Summer Surfing USA?

A. Surf across the USA.    B. See movies with pop stars.

C. Have a 15-day free surfing class.    D. Enjoy different interesting activities.

2.The questions in Hazel’s Personal Services are raised to _____.

A. attract readers    B. show common problems

C. expect answers from readers    D. carry out a public opinion survey

3.We can infer from the text that Roberta Chang _____.

A. has come up with new ideas to protect the environment

B. has helped clean people’s houses in Cradville

C. is a member of the government of Cradville

D. is competing for a position

4.The text is likely to appear in _____.

A. a report    B. a newspaper

C. a travel guide    D. a history textbook

 

It is widely known that any English conversation begins with The Weather. Such a fixation with the weather finds expression in Dr. Johnson’s famous comment that “When two English meet, their first talk is of weather.” Though Johnson’s observation is as accurate now as it was over two hundred years ago, most commentators(评论员) fail to come up with a convincing explanation for this English weather-speak.

Bill Bryson, for example, concludes that, as the English weather is not at all exciting, the obsession with it can hardly be understood. He argues that” To an outsider, the most striking thing about the English weather is that there is not very much of it.” Simply, the reason is that the unusual and unpredictable weather is almost unknown in the British Isles.

Jeremy Paxman, however, disagrees with Bryson, arguing that the English weather is by nature attractive. Bryson is wrong, he says, “because the English preference for the weather has nothing to do with the natural phenomena(现象).” The interest is less in the phenomena themselves, but in uncertainty.” According to him, the weather in England is very changeable and uncertain and it attracts the English as well as the outsider.

Bryson and Paxman stand for common misconceptions about the weather-speak among the English. Both commentators, somehow, are missing the point. The English weather conversation is not really about the weather at all. English weather-speak is a system of signs ,which is developed to help the speakers overcome the natural reserve and actually talk to each other. Everyone knows conversations starting with weather-speak are not requests for weather data. Rather, they are routine greetings, conversation starters or the blank “fillers”, In other words, English weather-speak is a means of social bonding.

1.The author mentions Dr. Johnson’s comment to show that________.

A. most commentators agree with Dr. Johnson

B. Dr. Johnson is famous for his weather observation

C. the comment was accurate two hundred years ago

D. English conversations usually start with the weather

2.What does the underlined word “obsession” most probably refer to?

A. A social trend.    B. An emotional state.

C. A historical concept.    D. An unknown phenomenon.

3.According to the passage, Jeremy Paxman believes that________.

A. Bill Bryson has little knowledge of the weather

B. there is nothing special about the English weather]

C. the English weather attracts people to the British Isles

D. English people talk about the weather for its uncertainty

4.What is the author’s main purpose of writing the passage?

A. To explain what English weather-speak is about.

B. To analyze misconceptions about the English weather.

C. To find fault with both Bill Bryson and Jeremy Paxman.

D. To convince people that the English weather is changeable.

 

Do you drink water that's been left sitting out overnight or even for another day? Have you noticed it tastes different?

Tap water that has been left to sit out slowly begins to acquire(获得) off taste. Many people think that this is because of microorganisms. But that's not what makes old water taste not fresh. For that we can thank carbon dioxide. After about 12 hours, tap water starts to go flat as carbon dioxide in the air starts to mix with the water in the glass, lowering its pH and giving it an off taste. But it's most likely safe to drink.

However, back to those microorganisms. If you use a dirty glass day after day, there is more of a chance of bacteria making themselves known; a risk that increases if you share the glass with another mouth as well. But assuming(假设) you use a fresh glass every few days, you probably won't have a problem unless the glass has been touched by dirty fingers, and especially if those dirty fingers went unwashed after using the bathroom.

As for plastic water bottles that have been left out in the sun or in the car, step away from the bottle, warns Dr. Kellogg Schwab, director of the Johns Hopkins University Water Institute. "A chemical called bisphenol-A, or BPA, along with other things used to make plastic can leach(过滤) into your water if the bottle heats up or sits in the sun," he explains. BPA, as you probably know, has been linked to everything from heart disease to cancer. Schwab also adds that plastic used for commercial bottled water isn't meant to be washed or refilled, so use only one time and recycle. Or don't buy them at all; use refillable water bottles instead.

1.Tap water begin to acquire an off taste because of______ .

A. BPA    B. carbon dioxide

C. the glass    D. the microorganism

2.According to Paragragh 2 , tap water that's been left sitting out for 12 hours____.

A. is still safe to drink    B. tastes better

C. contains few microorganisms    D. is most likely undrinkable

3.What should we do with plastic water bottles that have been left out in the sun or in the car?

A. Throw them away.

B. Clean them and use them again.

C. Use them after they cool down.

D. Refill them with fresh water.

4.Which of the following is true about BPA

A. It is safe for people to use.

B. It is a kind of new material.

C. It can cause great harm to people.

D. It is the main material to make plastic.

 

Many years ago, when I was in high school and working weekends to pay for the extras that my folks couldn’t really afford, I lost my wallet.

My old car needed putting gas in the back. I prepaid and then put my wallet on the bumper(保险杆), and drove off . I hadn’t even had time to miss it when our phone rang and a man asked me if I had lost my wallet. I checked my wallet and to my surprise, I didn’t find it. He asked me to tell him how much money was in it. He then told me where to pick up my wallet.

As I pulled into his driveway, I noticed his handicapped van(残疾人车)and the ramp(斜坡)going up to the house I was thinking that there was no way this man easily got out of his van and got my wallet off the street. He had to pull over, get in his wheelchair, lower the lift, and then pick it up. I was just surprised. I felt grateful.

I knocked on the door and he told me to come in. I thanked him like 10 times for finding my wallet. I was stuck , though. I didn’t want to insult him by offering money, I really felt like offering something. so I asked him if there was anything I could do to repay his kindness, and he said “Just pass it on”. I said I would be certain to do that. I was raised to be honest in any circumstance(状况) and I would have done so, without promising this fellow I would, but I wanted to repay his kindness, so I willingly promised I would.

1.What did the man ask the writer to do?

A. He asked the writer to be careful

B. He asked the writer to pass his kindness on

C. He asked the writer to repay his kindness

D. He asked the writer to be honest

2.What can we learn from the man’s action?

A. Where there is a will, there’s a way

B. A friend in need is a friend indeed

C. Good is rewarded with good

D. Help others, but not ask for anything

3.Which of the following can best describe the man who picked up the writer’s wallet?

A. Loyal    B. Honest    C. Noble    D. Promising

 

假定你是李华。你的英国笔友杰克打算来中国旅行,来信让你推荐几个最值得去的旅游目的地。请你用英语给他写封回信,并说明推荐理由。

注意:1. 词数100左右(开头和结尾已给出,但不计入总词数); 2. 可适当增加细节,以使行文连贯。

Dear Jack,

I'm glad that you are coming to visit China. _______________________________________________________________________________

_______________________________________________________________________________

_______________________________________________________________________________

_______________________________________________________________________________

_______________________________________________________________________________

____________________________________________________________

Yours,

Li Hua

 

假定英语课上老师要求同桌之间交换修改作文,请你修改你同桌写的以下作文。文中共有10处语言错误,每句中最多有两处。每处错误仅涉及一个单词的增加、删除或修改。

增加:在缺词处加一个漏字符号(∧),并在其下面写出该加的词。

删除:把多余的词用斜线(\)划掉。

修改:在错的词下划一横线,并在该词下面写出修改后的词。

注意:1. 每处错误及其修改均仅限一词; 2. 只允许修改10处,多者(从第11处起)不计分。

On Monday, I was riding my bicycle to school. I was worried I'd be late for school because the heavy traffic. Suddenly, a car came towards me and passes very close to me at high speed. This caused me to lose my balance, that resulted in me fall off the bicycle. As a result, I injured in my ankle quite badly. I didn't know a speed at which the vehicle was traveling but obvious it appeared to me that it passed by me very quickly.

As I was falling onto the grounds, I saw the car crash into a white car. Therefore, the driver didn't stop and check what he had done. He just drove away. I really hope the driver could realize her fault and shoulder his responsibilities.

 

 

Gavin: What are the basic rules for  1. (apply) to a US graduate school?

Agent: The process is complicated, so make up your mind soon. In most cases, the 2. (early), the better.

Gavin: What should be done first?

Agent: Reading information about international  study 3. (consider) essential. You can discuss this with your family, teacher and friends. If possible, turn to those who have the experience of studying abroad, 4. should help you learn some rules, including some basic5. (require).

Gavin: Should this work be done before 6. after the GRE and TOFEL exams?

Agent: Before the exams.

Gavin: How long does  7. take a student to make preparations for the two exams?

Agent: At least six months, but that also depends 8. his or her level of English.

Gavin: OK. What's the next step?

Agent: Write to the chosen schools9. (ask) for admission and scholarship application forms.

Gavin: What are the necessary application materials?

Agent: They 10. (usual) include a personal statement, letters of recommendation, resume, study plan, scholarships and copies of your GRE and TOFEL scores.

Gavin: Got it. Thank you.

 

Sometimes people around you can change your life. The change may not be sudden or ____, but little habits can produce big ____ that make you think about what is important in your life. The person who changed my life is Julia Masi. She has ____ me so many things that I will carry with me ____ my life.

One thing I've learned from Julia is how to balance ____. Julia has shown me how to ____ ahead so that I can finish all my school work, enjoy sports and ____ have time for my friends. She has taught me that you can do anything if you are ____ and if you never give up. I've also learned that you can find anything fun or ____ if you connect it with something that you enjoy.

Last year I hated studying vocabulary, but I loved playing on my computer. Julia ____ the two and showed me a website called “freerice.com” where you can ____ a word game that gives you 5 grains of rice to donate to the poor with every correct word. She ____ me to learn a hundred new ____ by filling up the rice bowl. I liked playing the game so much that I ____ about 1,000 words in just one month.

Julia has always ____ me to try new hobbies. She showed me that going to the theater could help me become a better writer. ____, she taught me that discussing a play can excite an interest in reading.

___ it wasn't for Julia I probably wouldn't have ____ how easy it is to help the poor. There are so many ways that one person can ____. I've learned to be more appreciative of what I own. I am ____ for the opportunities that I have been given. I will continue to think of ways to help those less fortunate for the rest of my life.

1.A. simple    B. impressive    C. necessary    D. slight

2.A. results    B. problems    C. ideas    D. decisions

3.A. taught    B. served    C. offered                D. bought

4.A. for    B. of    C. throughout    D. into

5.A. work    B. money    C. career    D. time

6.A. plan    B. get    C. move    D. stay

7.A. never    B. seldom    C. yet    D. still

8.A. excited    B. determined    C. careful    D. patient

9.A. important    B. easy    C. possible    D. interesting

10.A. shared    B. remembered    C. combined    D. separated

11.A. watch    B. play    C. raise    D. improve

12.A. challenged    B. invited    C. permitted    D. reminded

13.A. lessons    B. skills    C. words    D. stories

14.A. learned    B. read    C. used    D. spelled

15.A. allowed    B. warned    C. forced    D. encouraged

16.A. Therefore    B. Besides    C. However    D. Otherwise

17.A. Unless    B. Since    C. Although    D. If

18.A. realized    B. noticed    C. imagined    D. dreamed

19.A. turn away    B. make a difference    C. show off    D. make a mistake

20.A. ready    B. sorry    C. thankful    D. anxious

 

 

 

Communication

People learn and share information through communication. All forms of communication have one thing in common: the sending and receiving of a message. Using different kinds of communication, people can pass along their ideas and feelings to just one person or to millions.

1. Animals communicate through sounds, scents (气味), and acts. Computers communicate with other computers through electronic networks.

People communicate through language, both spoken and written. 2. Written language includes books, newspapers, and e-mail.

People also communicate without words. Body and face movements show feelings. Deaf people use hand movements called sign language.

The arts are also a form of communication. 3.

The first modern humans appeared about 200,000 years ago. They likely used sounds, movements, and then speech. About 30,000 years ago humans started making paintings and sculptures on the walls of caves.

Humans invented writing more than 5,000 years ago. The ancient Sumerian people developed the first known script (文字), called cuneiform (楔形文字). Then the ancient Egyptians developed a picture-based writing called hieroglyphics (象形文字). The invention of the printing press in the 1400s was a major advance in written communication. 4.

Telecommunication is communication over long distances. In ancient times pigeons carried written messages. Before trains and cars, messengers on foot or on horseback carried letters. 5. Since then, telecommunication has become faster thanks to television, telephones, and the Internet.

A. It let printers quickly make copies of a text.

B. Communication is not only a human activity.

C. Public postal services started in the 1500s and 1600s.

D. Spoken language includes conversations and speeches.

E. Spoken communication is dependent on a number of factors.

F. Photographs, paintings, music, and movies can communicate feelings as well as facts.

G. Modern technologies for long-distance communication usually involve electrical technologies.

 

Single-sex schools are better than mixed schools

Message 1 — posted by Jane, Amsterdam

I think mixed-sex schools are the only way for children to learn, because it's natural. In higher education and their working life, they will be mixed so it makes sense for them to be mixed at school. School should reflect the real world.

Message 2 — posted by Hans, Germany

My reaction to this is very clear. For me, single-sex schools are much better, and the statistics show that they get better exam results, particularly at secondary level. Anything which helps children pass exams must be a good thing.

Message 3 — posted by Bill, USA

Boys and girls learn in very different ways. I feel that they should be educated separately so teachers can focus on their different needs. The way I see it is that if you have a zoo, you don't put the lions in with the zebras!

Message 4 — posted by Martin, London

My view on this is that it doesn't really matter. What is important is the curriculum (课程), and keeping students interested. I was a teacher and we had a lot of truancy (逃学) to deal with, and problems with students missing lessons because they found them boring. Never have a timetable with Maths as the first class on Monday morning!

Message 5 — posted by Emily, Sydney

I don't think there is any question that mixed schools are better. There is too much competition at single-sex schools, which often means that students don't make enough progress. I also think there is more bullying (欺凌) at single-sex schools, where children are picked on because of the increased competition. Single-sex schools lead to a “dog eat dog” situation.

1.What is Jane's attitude towards single-sex schools?

A. Negative.    B. Favorable.

C. Objective.    D. Unconcerned.

2.Both Hans and Bill hold that _____.

A. boys and girls should be taught separately

B. teachers should meet students' different needs

C. schools should focus on students' exam results

D. mixed schools are better than single-sex schools

3.Martin stresses the importance of _____.

A. school management

B. students' time awareness

C. training students to obey rules

D. exciting students' interest in courses

4.Emily uses “dog eat dog” to show _____.

A. her support for single-sex schools

B. students' determined effort to succeed

C. the fierce competition in single-sex schools

D. the better education results in single-sex schools

 

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