I had an impressive trip to the Huashan Mountain last summer vacation. The scenery of the mountain is so beautiful and so different 1. even now, whenever I close my eyes, I feel the breathtaking scenery in front of 2. eyes.

Although the mountain 3. (stand) just 2,100 meters tall, it’s known as one of the most difficult mountains to climb. There are cable cars(缆车) to take, but visitors are advised 4. (go) up on foot. Only in this way can you see 5. special the rocks are and what danger you place yourself in. Climbers make their way along very narrow paths up the mountain, 6. (face) the deep cliff (悬崖), with the help of 7. iron chain. Every visitor is required to wear a safety belt, 8. makes sure that he can enjoy the fantastic view without fear of falling.

Besides the 9. (nature) beauty, the Huashan Mountain is also known 10. its rich cultural relics. The way up to the mountain-top is also a trip to go over the Chinese history. If you have never been to such a great place, set it as a must in your calendar of this year!

 

Christmas is the most important festival in the western world. It 1.(fall) on December 25th . When my mother and I stayed in America, we 2.(invite) by one of my mother’s friends to observe Christmas with an American family. We bought some 3.(present) for our American friends on our way 4. their house.

They had prepared different kinds of gifts for their family and guests when we got to their house, such as Christmas candles, cakes, cards, little toys, biscuits and so on. A Christmas tree was placed in 5. corner of the brilliant hall. 6. beautiful is was! We were impressed by these. We had a big meal, 7.(share) some interesting stories about Christmas and sang songs.

We learned that Christmas had something to do with Jesus. We went to bed at midnight. 8. we knew the Santa Claus was not true, we were still waiting for the Santa Claus 9.(bring) us presents. And we received many beautiful presents the next morning.

This Christmas was really 10.(forgettable). Not only did I have a good time, but also I knew something about foreign culture.

 

阅读下面短文,从短文后各题所给四个选项(ABCD)中,选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。

A couple in South Carolina has been eagerly seeking an organ donor. They haven’t found one____But they did find something else: friends.

Larry Swilling and his wife Jimmie Sue have been happily____for 56 years. So happily, in fact, that Larry has now come to realize he can’t____without his wife. “She’s my heart,” he said. The problem with Jimmie Sue is that she____a kidney(). Jimmie Sue was born with only one, and now that doesn’t____She needs a transplant but neither her husband, nor anyone tested in her family, is a____match.

Jimmie Sue is trying to get on a donor list, but the____is about two or three years long and that’s for a kidney from a dead donor. Transplant patients who get their kidneys from living donors tend to live____That is why Larry decided to try to ask for it, from total strangers.

“I don’t____what people think,” Larry said. He tells his wife, “I’m going to____you a kidney.” And on the street, wearing a signboard “Need kidney for my wife”, he’s not shy in asking____:“Could I use your kidney?” For the last couple weeks, Larry, at 77, has been walking all over his hometown and the surrounding towns-basically____a kidney. He didn’t really think it would work_____he said, “I had to do something.” He didn’t feel____when the phone rang. “I’m willing to donate a kidney for your____,” one caller said. “I’d like nothing more than to help you out,” said another.

Believe it or not, over the last few days the____hasn’t stopped ringing. Hundreds of people who either saw his sign or heard about it have____One volunteer said, “I’ve got two, but I____need one.” Larry hasn’t found a match for his wife, but at least he has already had enough volunteers and____enough awareness to save someone. “If I get a kidney, it’s fine. If I don’t, I hope someone else does,” the wife said. And that’s why Larry is still out there, appealing to the____of strangers for the love of his wife.

1.A. already    B. yet    C. still    D. also

2.A. married    B. done    C. worried    D. lived

3.A. work    B. laugh    C. argue    D. live

4.A. adds    B. lacks    C. misses    D. spends

5.A. work    B. stop    C. finish    D. affect

6.A. comfortable    B. healthy    C. improper    D. suitable

7.A. making    B. buying    C. waiting    D. needing

8.A. shorter    B. worse    C. longer    D. easier

9.A. care    B. absorb    C. doubt    D. believe

10.A. give    B. sell    C. get    D. borrow

11.A. doctors    B. passers-by    C. acquaintances    D. donors

12.A. staring at    B. arguing over    C. depending on    D. begging for

13.A. But    B. So    C. Because    D. Since

14.A. careless    B. melancholy    C. helpless    D. selfless

15.A. daughter    B. wife    C. son    D. mother

16.A. bell    B. clock    C. door    D. phone

17.A. volunteered    B. encouraged    C. entertained    D. gained

18.A. gently    B. greedily    C. only    D. hardly

19.A. lifted    B. raised    C. demonstrated    D. displayed

20.A. sorrow    B. kindness    C. sadness    D. happiness

 

“When in Rome, do as the Romans do”, so when you want to do business in France, you have to get to know French culture, to make marketing plans, and to run your business by local laws.

1. The French take great pride in their language, so anyone who does not speak it may run the risk of being disrespected by his French colleagues or business partners. Also, another reason why learning French is important is that it is a great way to show every possible French business partner that you care and respect their country’s culture and language.

There are obvious ways of greeting people in French. When you meet someone new, it’s usual to shake his hand firmly and always look at the person in the eye. 2.

    Dress well. 3. Your business clothing is a reflection of your success and social status. Always try to be stylish. Women are advised to dress simply but elegantly. Wearing make-up is practiced widely by business women.

The French are passionate about food, so lunches are common in doing business in France, which usually consist of an appetizer, main meal with wine, cheese, dessert and coffee, and normally take up to two hours. 4.

Do not begin eating until the host says, “Bon appetite”. Pass dishes to the left, keep wrists above the table and try to eat everything on the plate. 5. This may suggest that you find the food tasteless. If eating in a restaurant, the person who invites always pays.

A. The French draw information about people based on their appearance.

B. This is a time for relationship building.

C. Maybe you have heard the expression.

D. Language should be the focus of anyone planning to do business in France.

E. Be careful with adding salt, pepper or sauces to your food.

F. When you meet a friend, kissing is common.

G. English and French are both spoken in formal occasions.

 

For more and more young Chinese professionals, the first day back at work after the Lunar New Year holiday is the day they quit.

The period after the Lunar New Year holiday, also known as Spring Festival, often sees Chinese workers on the move. This year, the number looking for new opportunities is supposed to be especially high.

Mr. Zhu, a 27-year-old Beijing native, is one of the young workers looking for a better deal. “Salary is a big concern for me and I need a job that pays more, and my department can’t provide good career development for me,” he said.

An online survey by Zhaopin.com, a leading job-hunting website, provides further details on why China’s young white-collar workers are so keen to move on.

Low salaries are the biggest concern for 62% of the job-hunters, and overtime and a wide mismatch between low salaries and high housing costs are also the complaints. Two-thirds of them said they had to work at home after office hours, and a full 95% said they felt they were under heavy pressure because of the housing payment or rent.

The survey also found that what was seen as a “good job” has changed. For the generation born in the 1970s, high salary and status is the key. For the generation born after 1980, work-life balance and respect in the office are also important.

Zhao Bin, a 28-year-old woman who earns over 7,000 yuan a month working at a public relations company in Shanghai, said she would wait until the Lunar New Year to change her job. “My salary is OK for me, but I am working like crazy. So I want to find something comfortable, like being an English teacher in training schools.”

1.Mr. Zhu is looking for a new job because ________.

A. he was fired before the Lunar New Year holiday

B. he was promised a better job

C. he wants a job better in salary and in development

D. he was advised to do so

2.Which of the following can best take the place of the underlined words “a wide mismatch”?

A. a big gap    B. a lost game

C. a hot debate    D. a failed marriage

3.The writer uses the example of Zhao Bin to prove that ________.

A. salary is the first concern for people who change jobs

B. young people are under pressure of high housing prices

C. young people tend to value work-life balance

D. teacher has become a good job for Chinese youth

4.The article is intended to ________.

A. encourage Chinese white-collar workers to change jobs

B. present a social phenomenon and explain its causes

C. carry out an online survey to readers

D. compare different reasons why people quit jobs

 

I have never forgotten the firm belief I had in the arrival through the chimney (烟囱) of the little Santa Claus (圣诞老人), the kind, white-bearded old man who at midnight left in my tiny shoe a present I found the next morning.

Midnight! It’s the perfect hour children don’t know. What great efforts I made not to go to sleep before the little old man appeared!

I had both a great desire and great fear of seeing him, but could never stay awake until then, and the next day my first look was for my shoe. He never failed to carefully wrap (包装) every present for me. I would run barefoot to get my treasure. It never was a very expensive present, for we were not rich. It was a cookie, an orange, or very simply a fine red apple. But it felt so precious that I barely dared to eat it. What a great role imagination plays in a child’s life!

I do not at all agree with the idea that the lies about Santa Claus should be stopped. Doubts and truth come all too soon on their own. I very well remember the first year, when I was five or six, I doubted that it was not Santa Claus who put the cookie in my shoe. Since then, it has never tasted as good as the first few years of my life.

I noted that my son believed in him longer; boys are more naïve (天真的) than little girls. Like me, he made great efforts to stay awake until midnight. Like me, he loved the cookie baked in Heaven’s kitchens. And like me, the first year of his doubts was the last year of the visit of the good old man.

1.As a little girl, the author loved the gifts on Christmas Day because ________.

A. they usually cost a lot of money

B. she always got the very gifts she asked for

C. they were beautifully wrapped

D. she believed they were from Santa Claus

2.According to the article, what role does imagination play in a child’s life?

A. It adds value to the common Christmas gifts.

B. It makes a child curious about everything.

C. It encourages him to climb the chimney.

D. It makes him doubt whether Santa Claus really exists.

3.By saying “Doubts and truth come all too soon on their own” in Paragraph 4, the author feels ________.

A. unsatisfied with being cheated

B. sorry for realizing that Santa Claus doesn’t exist

C. happy at finding out the facts of Santa Claus

D. angry about parents’ lying to children about Santa Claus

 

A few months after we moved to a small city in France, I wanted to meet my husband for lunch at the university where he worked. I got lost. I had to call him for help. One of his friends said to him later, “How could she get lost? She just needed to go straight.”

Well, no. That’s the problem. You never “just go straight”, because France is the land of roundabouts (弯道). Highways, major streets, little village lanes – if you go straight long enough, you’ll end up going in circles.

Even after a year here, I’d still get lost going to the grocery store, or just about anywhere that wasn’t within a hundred yards of my house.

I admit I have a horrible sense of direction, can’t read a map, and am not such a good driver. Plus, I’ve been spoiled (宠坏) by living in American cities, where you just indeed need to “go straight”. But in France, driving became my nightmare — the roads are roundabouts within roundabouts.

Finally I found a solution: a GPS program on my smart phone. I rely on it to get anywhere, even places I’ve been.

But it does leave me feeling very bad and helpless when, often, the program doesn’t work, can’t find a GPS signal, or gives wrong information. I’d have to wait until my GPS gets recovered, or else I use my old solution: I call my husband. Is the GPS making us more stupid, or helping us going around more? In my case, it’s probably both.

1.The friend of the writer’s husband’s thought ________.

A. the roundabouts were confusing    B. the way to the university was simple

C. she didn’t lose her way    D. she was a foolish woman

2.The writer thinks if one just “goes straight” in France, he will probably ________.

A. arrive at his destination at last    B. come back to where he starts

C. find his way out of the city    D. end up in a grocery store

3.Which of the following statements is NOT true about the writer?

A. She lacks the sense of direction.

B. She once lived in a different country.

C. She has stayed in France for more than a year.

D. She has already got used to the French way of life.

4.What does the writer think of the GPS program?

A. It’s a satisfactory solution to her problem.

B. It improves her sense of direction.

C. It doesn’t always work very well.

D. It is a useless device for her.

 

He is both a great director and a great animator (卡通片制作者). He is Japan’s Walt Disney.

Hayao Miyazaki, the 72-year-old Japanese master of fantasy animation (奇幻动画), one of the most respected animation directors in the world, announced his retirement on September 6. Here are some key words about his films.

Good and evil (邪恶)

Miyazaki rarely tells stories in simple good and evil. The worlds he creates tend to be complex (复杂的) and unclear. The bad figures often don’t seem so bad once you get to know them. Miyazaki has explained that the lack of clear good and evil is because he sees the 21st century as a complex time, in which old ideas need to be re-examined, even in children’s films.

Children

The heroes in Miyazaki’s films are usually children or teens, more often young girls. Sometimes they can see the spirit world; they are curious and friendly, even to strange creatures. The stories often deal with growing up.

Sky and water

Two of Miyazaki’s great loves are the sky and water, and he uses them in related ways. Flight is a forever theme — Miyazaki has never done a film without flying of some kind. His imagination seems to fly and leave behind the pull of gravity (重力), a force and control that he feels a bound (束缚) from setting him free.

Water is another way for Miyazaki to fight gravity. In his films he likes the unexpected floods with crystal-clear water, and objects floating on the surface seem to be supported by magic.

Peace

Miyazaki’s negative view of the war goes far more than surface deep. Violence is usually seen as wrong and painful, and Miyazaki’s heroes are often peacemakers.

1.What can we know about good and evil from Miyazaki’s films?

A. The figures cannot be simply judged as good or evil.

B. He uses his films to show good finally defeats evil.

C. The complex time tends to turn good into evil.

D. Children should learn to clearly tell good from evil.

2.According to the article, children in Miyazaki’s films are ______.

A. all little teen-aged girls    B. always able to see spirits

C. curious trouble makers    D. kind to people and creatures

3.Miyazaki’s love for flight may come from ______.

A. the relation between sky and water

B. his hate for gravity since his childhood

C. his desire to be free from gravity

D. his love for water that can flood the world

4.In Miyazaki’s films we may NOT see ______.

A. the appealing castle in the sky

B. children with the problems of growing up

C. objects magically floating on the water

D. a world left in ruins in the end

 

假如你是某学校的一位老师叫Anna,你校新生李华因学校不允许携带手机,感到很困惑,他写信想征求你的意见。请根据以下要点给李华写一封回信。

内容要点:1.手机方便交流;                               

2.带手机上学会影响教学;

3.花大量时间玩手机影响学习,有害健康;           

4.理解学校的管理。

注意:1.短文必须包括所有的内容要点,可根据行文逻辑适当发挥;

2.词数:90-100;

3.开头结尾已给出,不计入总词数。

参考词汇:conversation n.交流;managementn n.管理。

Dear Li Hua,

I'm glad to have received your letter dated Oct 6,asking my advice on whether students can carry smartphones to school or not.______________________________________________________________________________

____________________________________________________________________________________________

____________________________________________________________________________________________

____________________________________________________________________________________________

____________________________________________________________________________________________

____________________________________________________________________________________________

_____________________________________________________________________

Yours sincerely,

Anna

 

假定英语课上老师要求同桌之间交换修改作文,请你修改你同桌写的以下短文。短文中共有10处错误,每句中最多有两处。错误涉及一个单词的增加、删除或修改。

增加:在缺词处加一个漏字符号(∧),并在此符号下面写出该加的词。

删除:把多余的词用斜线(\)划掉。

修改:在错的词下划一横线,并在该词下面写出修改后的词。

注意:1.每处错误及其修改均仅限一词;

2.只允许修改10处,多者(从第11处起)不计分。

When my father bought me a computer as a birthday gift in last year,I felt very exciting.As we all know, computers are getting more and more usefully now.Much informations can be stored in them.We can also learn that has lately happened in the world on Internet.In the past,people had to do lots of work which was very dangerous. Now,but,computers can do it instead.When an exam is coming,I often did some exercises on my computer.Then it will correct it and tell me the right answers.In this way it is more convenient for me to preparing for exams than before.The computer has become my real friend.

 

Nearly all wild lions live in Sub-Saharan Africa,but a small number of Asian lions live in India's Gir Forest. Although the two species live far from each other,Asian lions and African lions are1.same species(种类).

Asian lions once prowled(潜行)around from the Middle East2.India.Now,only 200 to 260 of these3. (amaze) animals survive in the wild.The Gir Forest's dry woods4.(be) once a royal hunting ground.Today they are a reserve5.the endangered Asian lions6.(protect).

Lions are the only cats that live in groups,7.(call)prides(狮群).All of a pride's female(雌性)lions are related and female babies8.(usual)stay with the group as they grow.Young males eventually(最后)leave and may have their own prides by9.(take)over a group headed(领头)by another male.

Male lions usually defend the pride's territory(地盘).They mark the area and run after animals that come to their territory.Female lions are the pride's primary10.(hunt).They often work together to hunt large mammals.

 

The most unforgettable thing during my long summer holiday last year, of course is my trip_______England. This was my first time to go abroad, so it really made me_______.

There are quite a lot of interesting places in England, _______Oxford. When we walked around Oxford, we saw quite a lot of ancient buildings on _______sides of the streets. One of the most famous tourist _______in Oxford is Christ(基督)Church,and it's_______one of Oxford University's 29 colleges. There is a huge hall in Christ Church, _______was used as the dining hall at Hogwarts in the Harry Potter_______.I felt really excited when I heard this.

_______place that impressed me________during my trip is a place called Stafford-upon-Avon.It is a small town.Maybe you haven't________it,but I'm sure you have heard about William Shakespeare-the great man's________.In Stafford-upon- Avon,I could________Shakespeare's Birthplace, Shakespeare Countryside Museum, the Royal Shakespeare Theatre, and a lot of places that are connected with(与……有联系)________.

I went to Shakespeare's Birthplace. It was the house________Shakespeare was born and________his early years.________ sitting room,hallway(走廊),bedrooms,and kitchen were furnished(布置)in sixteenth-century________.I also went to see the Shakespeare Exhibition(展览). It illustrated(以图解说明) Shakespeare's life and career in both Stratford and London.

I really enjoyed this nice trip to England, ________I learnt a lot. I'm very happy that I could visit such an interesting ________.I want to go there again in the future.

1.A. to    B. for    C. on    D. at

2.A. appointed    B. excited    C. exciting    D. appointing

3.A. for example    B. as for    C. such as    D. for instance

4.A. either    B. both    C. neither    D. each

5.A. views    B. scenes    C. interests    D. sites

6.A. too    B. also    C. still    D. yet

7.A. that    B. who    C. which    D. where

8.A. novels    B. records    C. songs    D. films

9.A. Another    B. Every    C. Each    D. Other

10.A. deep    B. high    C. deeply    D. highly

11.A. thought about    B. listened to    C. heard about    D. considered as

12.A. office    B. hometown    C. school    D. theatre

13.A. see    B. say    C. talk    D. speak

14.A. Oxford    B. Shakespeare    C. England    D. Harry Potter

15.A. where    B. that    C. when    D. who

16.A. paid    B. cost    C. spent    D. Took

17.A. It's    B. It had    C. Its    D. It was

18.A. site    B. style    C. shape    D. shade

19.A. for which    B. which    C. in which    D. from which

20.A. place    B. town    C. summer    D. country

 

Do you know how to pick a good book you’ll really like? Here are some tips.

Start With Your Interest. 1. . You can pick something that you love to read, not for school. They can be ancient martial (武术) arts, computers, or fashion design. You name it, there are books about it.

What’s Your Type? Do you prefer fiction or nonfiction (or both)? Fiction books, like novels, can transport you to another world or help you imagine something beyond your own experience. Nonfiction books give you the who, what, when, and why of something. 2. . Many of them read like novels from start to finish.

Read the description. The reviews and quotes on the back and inside covers of many books give you an idea of what the book is about. They can also help you pick future books, too. If you find a book you really like, take a minute to read the quotes and see which authors praised the book. 3..

Find a Family Favorite. Which book did your mother love best when she was at your age?  4.. Find out and give them a read — then you can share your thoughts about the book.

Finally, you’ll probably enjoy what you’re reading a lot more if you find a quiet place and make time for the book. 5. You can put on some good music, get yourself some tea and let yourself be carried away by the book. You’ll see that time does fly when you’re reading something you love!

A. How about your brothers and sisters?

B. They tell stories using facts — but that doesn’t mean they’re boring.

C. Reading is a good way to improve your English.

D. Most reading is best enjoyed when you can concentrate (全神贯注) on it.

E. Often, they’ll have similar styles and you might find books you like by those authors, too.

F. So you should read as much as possible when you are free.

G. Reading on your own isn’t like reading for school.

 

Light travels(传播)at a speed which is about a million times faster than the speed of sound.In one second,light travels about 300,000 km,but sound travels only 344m.You can get some idea of this difference by watching the start of a race(比赛).If you stand some distance away from the starter,you can see smoke come from his gun before the sound reaches your ears.This great speed of light produces(产生)some strange facts.Sunlight takes about 8 minutes to reach us.If you look at the light of the moon tonight,remember that the light rays(光线)left the moon 1.3 seconds

before they reached you.

The nearest star is so far away that the light which you can see from it tonight started to travel towards you four years ago at a speed of nearly 2 million km per minute.In some cases(在某种情况下)the light from one of tonight's stars started on its journey to you before you were born.

Thus,if we want to be honest,we cannot say "The stars are shinning(发光)tonight."We have to say,"The stars look pretty.They were shining four years ago but their light has only just reached Earth."

1.If you stand 200 meters away from a man who is firing a gun to start a race,you will find out that _____.

A. you can hear the gun before you see the smoke.

B. the sound of the gun will reach you before the man fires his gun.

C. sound does not travel as fast as light.

D. sound travels about a million times faster than light.

2.Sunlight clearly_____than the light of the moon.

A. moves less quickly    B. has to travel a greater distance

C. travels much more quickly    D. is less powerful

3.What does " it" in the second paragraph refer to?

A. moon light    B. light rays

C. the moon    D. the nearest star

4.The scientific way of saying " The stars are shining tonight" should be________.

A. the stars have been shining all the time.

B. the stars seen tonight will be shining four years later.

C. the starlight seen today could be seen four years ago.

D. the stars were shining long ago but are seen tonight.

5.The light of the nearest star you see tonight has been ______ for years.

A. away from the star    B. on the moon

C. away from the sun    D. on the earth

 

Baron Pierre de Coubertin was a Frenchman.At his time sports were not taught in French schools.De Coubertin believed that sports should go hand in hand with studies.He had an idea.His idea was to begin the Olympics all over again.

Sports teachers of other countries liked de Coubertion's ideas.So in 1896,the modern Olympic Games were held in Athens(雅典),Greece.Since then the Olympics have been held once every four years,except three times,when there were wars.

The modern Olympic games have many foot races and field sports programs.The longest race in the games is called marathon.

Before the start of the Olympic Games,runners carry lighted torch(火炬)through many nations towards the stadium(运动场)where the games will be held.These sportsmen are from different countries.Yet they work together to carry the Olympic torch.It is passed from runner to runner.When the last runner enters the stadium,he or she places the torch in a special(专门的)basin filled with oil.It catches fire.It is then,only then,that the Olympic Games can begin.The Olympic flame(火焰)burns throughout the games.It is the flame of peace.

1.Before 1896 French schools didn't teach_____.

A. maths    B. History

C. physics    D. sports

2.De Coubertin_____.

A. was the first man to start the Olympic Games

B. believed that sports were less important than studies

C. helped start the modern Olympic Games

D. failed to begin the modern Olympic Games

3."Marathon" in this passage is_____.

A. a jumping contest(比赛)    B. a foot race

C. field sports    D. a boxing(拳击)match

4.Which of the following is NOT true?

A. After the start of the Olympics,the Olympic flame is put out.

B. The torch is carried from runner to runner through many countries.

C. Runners who carry the torch can be men or women.

D. The Olympic Games don't begin until the basin of oil catches fire.

 

A student is learning to speak British English.He wonders(想知道): Can I communicate with Americans?Can they understand me?Learners of English often ask: What are the differences between British and American English? How important are these differences?

Certainly!there are some differences between British and American English.'There are a few differences in grammar.For example,speakers of British English say "in hospital" and "Have you a pen?" Americans say "in the hospital!" and "Do you have a pen?".Pronunciation is sometimes different.Americans usually sound theirs in words like "bird" and "hurt".Speakers of British English do not sound theirs in these words.There are differences between British and American English in spelling and vocabulary.For example,"colour" and "honour" are British,"color" and honor" are American.

These differences in grammar,pronunciation,spelling and vocabulary are not important,however.For the most part,British and American English are the same language.

1.American English and British English are different in ________.

A. spelling    B. pronunciation

C. grammar    D. all of the above

2.What is not mentioned(提及)in the passage?

A. Whether there are differences between British English and American English.

B. Whether British English and American English are one language or two.

C. How important the differences are.

D. How the differences between British English and American English came about.

3.According to this passage,British people and Americans have________difficulty in understanding each other.

A. Much    B. little

C. some    D. great

 

BUS SERVICE

New York City — Brennan, New Jersey

(Trip time: 30 minutes each way )

Timetable

●Buses leave the Railway Station, New York 7:00 a.m. and every half-hour thereafter(此后) until 11:30 p.m. (7 days a week).

●Buses leave Brennan Station 20 minutes before and after every hour from 6:20 a.m. to 10:40 p.m. (7 days a week ).

●Evening rush hours(5:00 p.m. to 7:00 p.m.) buses leave the Railway Station, New York every 15 minutes (Monday — Friday).

●Holidays: buses leave every hour on the hour time, each direction.

All tickets must be bought at Window 12, the Railway Station, New York, or at the Brennan Station Window before boarding buses.

1.What time does a bus leave New York for Brennan every Thursday?

A. 10:20 a.m.    B. 6:30 a.m.

C. 6:45 p.m.    D. 4:40 p.m.

2.Which is the latest bus you should take from Brennan if you have to arrive at the Railway Station, New York before 4:00 p. m. on Monday?

A. The 3:20 p. m bus    B. the 3:00 p. m bus

C. The 3:30 p. m bus    D. The 3:40 p. m bus

3.What time does a bus leave Brennan for New York on Christmas Day?

A. 1:00 p. m    B. 9:40 a. m

C. 3:15 p. m    D. 8:30 a. m

 

Chocolate has come a long way through history, and one of the reasons is the Ferrero family, the creators of the world­famous Ferrero Rocher chocolate treats.The history of this family business starts back in the 1940s, when Pietro Ferrero and his wife, Piera, transformed a pastry shop into a factory.There, Pietro and his son, Michele, let their creativity lead them to form the building blocks of the company.Eventually, Michele took over the operation and set his sights on making the best products possible.

Michele's efforts paid off.He turned his father's creations into globally sold and consumed products.One of their most successful products, Nutella, had become a staple food in many homes.The third generation now runs the company.Michele's sons, Pietro and Giovanni worked side by side as managing directors for ten years until an accident resulting in Pietro' death.Still inspired by his family and their hard work and determination, Giovanni is guiding Ferrero into the future.

While staying true to the Ferrero motto of “work, create, and donate”, he is making sure his family's business is an example of success in the past, present, and future.

【写作内容】

1.以约30个词概括上文的主要内容。

2.以约120个词谈谈Ferrero及其家人成功制作巧克力对你的启迪,内容包括:

(1)描述人们创业的艰辛。

(2)分析人们创业成功的原因。

(3)Ferrero及其家人成功制作巧克力对你的启迪。

【写作要求】

1.作文中可以使用亲身经历或虚构的故事,也可以参照阅读材料的内容,但不得直接引用原文中的句子。

2.作文中不能出现真实姓名和学校名称。

【评分标准】

内容完整,语言规范,语篇连贯,词数适当。

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Because six out of every 10 accidental deaths happen to Chinese children who are playing, Shanghai Johnson & Johnson Pharmaceutical (SJJP), a US­based pharmaceutical giant, is working on a Safe Kids Program to prevent injuries and deaths.

Since the Safe Kids Worldwide was set up in 1987 by Johnson & Johnson in the US, it has contributed to a nearly 40 percent decline in the child death rate from accidental injuries there.Learning from the successful experience, SJJP began the Safe Kids Program in China in 1999.

A recent survey conducted by SJJP and Safe Kids Worldwide China indicates that more than half of the responding parents didn't know how to help their children keep safe and that half of the parents didn't know about their children's motor skill development at different ages.The survey covered 3,359 Beijing, Shanghai and Guangzhou's parents with children between infancy (幼年) and 14.

Additionally, more than 40 percent of the parents didn't know how to help their children to prepare well for sports activities.For instance, they don't know how to have their children warm up or realize the importance of a playground­check before sports activities.

To help correct the problems, SJJP and Safe Kids Worldwide China have been translating and editing safety education materials, sending them to parents free of charge, and delivering free lectures in kindergartens, schools and residential communities for the last 10 years.

Currently, a special team has been set up and traveling around 12 key cities of China to popularize child sports safety knowledge and offer free training for young parents.

Though SJJP refuses to say how much it has spent on the program, it says the number in terms of money, staff and technology, is large.

SJJP was founded by Johnson & Johnson in 1995 and specializes in manufacturing and development of non­prescription medicines (非处方药) and health care foods and products.So far,its investment has exceeded $41 million.

Title: Safe Kids Program

1.

The program is intended to 2. accidental injuries and deaths.

Background

It is sponsored by SJJP, which specializes in making and 3. non­prescription medicine and health care foods and products.

It follows the example of the successful experience of Safe Kids. Worldwide in the US, which accounts for a 40% 4. in such injury cases.

5.

More than 50% of the parents don't know how to help keep children safe.

Half of the parents are not 6.of their children's motor skills.

40% or more of the parents fail to help their children prepare well before sports activities, such as warming up and

7. the playground.

Solutions

They have been sending safety education materials to 8.and delivering lectures in schools and communities, all for 9..

A special team has been 10.and is now traveling around to popularize child sports safety knowledge and offering free training for young parents.

 

 

 

You may ride on your bicycle in a rush to get to school every morning. You may fight to get a bit of space on a bus or in the subway. You may also watch taxis crawl their way through traffic jams.

No matter where you are, all big cities around the world have traffic jams these days. But although they all have their problems, many cities also have a type of transport that has become a cultural icon (文化标识).

In London to avoid the traffic above ground, people use the “underground”,also called the “tube”. The city has the oldest and most complicated underground railway system in the world and is the pride of many Londoners. With 12 lines and 275 stations across the city, the tube, is normally the quickest and easiest way of getting around London. In London, you are never far from a tube station.

New York is famous for its yellow cabs. They serve as a quick and easy way of getting across Manhattan, where the subway doesn't take you everywhere. Stopping a cab is easy; just stick out your arm like you do in any city. But,with over 12,000 yellow cabs in the Big Apple, they also cause traffic jams.

Since 1873 when the first cable car started public service, the slow and noisy vehicle has been a symbol of San Francisco. Although once damaged by a serious earthquake and challenged (挑战) by cars, it is never caught in traffic jams and provides better views than the subway.

But there are no such symbols in Los Angeles. If you visit you'd better rent a car. The city's public transportation is terrible.  It can take hours to get across town by bus. The subway covers just a small part of the city center. The light rail line only runs between the Long Beach hotel area and the city center. That's why Angelenos love their private cars more than any other people in the world.

1.If you have a chance to London and want to avoid the traffic jams, you'd better ________.

A. ride vehicle    B. take a taxi

C. use underground    D. rent a car

2.People in Los Angeles like their private cars because of the following EXCEPT that ________.

A. the public transportation is terrible

B. it is not expensive to take a private car

C. the underground railway covers a small part of the city center

D. people have to spend hours getting across the Los Angeles by bus

3.The passage mainly tells us ________.

A. how big cities in the foreign countries keep on moving

B. how people in the city avoid the traffic jams

C. why London has the oldest and complicated subway

D. why people call New York the Big Apple

 

Here's a new warning from health experts:sitting is deadly. Scientists are increasingly warning that sitting for long periods, even if you exercise regularly, could be bad for your health. And it doesn't matter where the sitting takes place—in the office, at school, in the car or before a computer or TV. Just the overall number of hours it takes counts. Several studies suggest people who spend most of their days sitting are more likely to be fat, have a heart attack or even die.

While health officials have issued (发布) guidelines advising on the least amounts of physical activity, they haven't suggested people try to limit how much time they spend in a seated position.

“After four hours of sitting, the body starts to send harmful signals,” said Ekblom­Bak of the Swedish School of Sport and Health Sciences. She explained that genes controlling the amount of glucose (葡萄糖) and fat in the body start to shut down.

Even for people who exercise, spending long periods of time sitting at a desk is still harmful. Tim Armstrong, a physical activity expert at the World Health Organization, said people who exercise every day but still spend a lot of time sitting might get more benefits if that exercise were spread across the day, rather than in a single hour.

Still in a study that tracked more than 17,000 Canadians for about a dozen years, researchers found people who sat more had a higher death risk, whether they exercised or not.

Experts said more research is needed to figure out just how much sitting is dangerous, and what might be possible to offset those effects.

“People should keep exercising because that has a lot of benefits,” Ekblom­Bak said. “And when they're in the office, they should try to interrupt sitting as often as possible. ”

1.The underlined word “offset” in Paragraph 6 most probably means “________”.

A. turn to    B. work out

C. get rid of    D. make use of

2.Sitting too much is dangerous because it can ______.

A. make a person unable to exercise enough in a day

B. destroy the balance of glucose and fat the body

C. increase glucose and fat in the body

D. make a person become lazy

3.In the opinion of Ekblom­Bak, when at work, you'd better have a rest by ________.

A. sending your friends e­mails

B. taking a walk around your office

C. chatting online or playing computer games

D. listening to music while sitting

4.Which of the following might be the best title for the passage?

A. Side Effects of Sitting Too Much

B. Don't Sit Too Much While Working

C. More and More People Sit Too Much

D. Sitting Too Much Could Be Dangerous

 

If you are hungry, what will you do? Grab a piece of your favorite meal and stay quiet after that? Just like stomach, even your mind will be hungry. But it never lets you know, because you keep it busy thinking about your dream lover, favorite star and many such absurd things. So it silently begins to hide your needs and never lets itself grow. When mind loses its freedom to grow, creativity gets its full stop. This might be the reason why we all sometimes think “What happens next?”, “Why can't I think?”, “Why am I always given the difficult problems?” Well, this is the after­effect of using our brain for thinking of not­so­worthy things.

Hunger of the mind can be actually satisfied through extensive reading. But why is it reading but not watching TV? Because reading has been the most educational tool used by us right from the childhood. Just like that to develop other aspects of our life, we have to turn to reading for help. You have a number of books in the world which will answer all your “how­to” questions. Once you read a book, you just don't run your eyes through the lines, but your mind decodes (译解) it and explains it to you. The interesting part of the book is stored in your mind as a seed. Now this seed is unknowingly used by you in your future to develop new ideas. The same seed, if used many times, can help you link and relate a lot of things, which you would never think of in your wildest dreams!This is nothing but creativity. The more books you read, the wider your mind will become. Also this improves your oratorical (speech­making) skills to a large extent and also makes a significant contribution to your vocabulary. When you start speaking English or any other language fluently with your friends or other people, you never seem to run out of the right words at the right time.

Actually, I had a problem in speaking English fluently,but as I read, I could improve significantly. So guys, do join me and give food for your thoughts by reading, reading and more reading. Now what are you waiting for? Go, grab a book and let me know!

1.What's the best title of the passage?

A. Hunger of the mind

B. Stomach and Mind

C. Feed your Mind by reading

D. Reading or Watching TV

2.You don't know your mind is in hunger because ________.

A. you are not hungry

B. you keep it thinking of silly things

C. your creativity gets a full stop

D. you always meet with difficult problems

3.Which of the following is NOT mentioned as the advantage of reading?

A. Reading can make your dream come true.

B. Reading can contribute to your vocabulary.

C. Reading can improve your spoken ability.

D. Reading can make people creative.

4.The purpose of the author in writing this passage is to ________.

A. comment and blame    B. introduce and describe

C. explain and persuade    D. advise and inform

 

Wow,ladies! That is all I can say, I write this article with mixed emotions. Having Aiko the  female  robot  around  the house to help out could be either a blessing or a nightmare. If you are a working mother like me, then the idea of having a helping hand around would be a good thing. We working mothers dream about going home to find dinner on the table, a clean house and everything ready for the next day,that would be the perfect world.

Yet as always we women worry about being replaced,me included. Aiko has been created with special sensors (感应器) underneath her immediate“skin”cover. I believe her creator, Le Trung,has other motives(动机). Of course, he says it's not true. She doesn't complain, argue or talk back. She can carry on a conversation and help you with your math homework. She can tell you the weather outside and can speak in English and Japanese. She doesn't require any sleep nor does she complain about a headache or being tired. She can serve tea and give back massages. I'm sure some men out there would view her as the perfect woman or even“superwoman”. So with good reason I say having Aiko around could prove to be bad. As a woman and a wife,I worry about being replaced or even being compared to Aiko. How can you compete with someone or something so perfect like that?

Scientists have been trying to invent robots for a long time. There are many movies and books out there about robots. It looks like those crazy scientists are closer than we thought. Ladies, I think we are fighting a losing battle. So instead of trying to fight it,I guess we have no choice but to join  them.  Now  where  is  my  male robot? Hmm...I want him to look exactly like my Ken Barbie doll. Okay?

1.Le Trung created Aiko mainly to ________.

A. keep people company

B. teach people foreign languages

C. help children with their homework

D. help working mothers do housework

2.What can we learn about Aiko from the second paragraph?

A. She is poorly designed.

B. She is perfectly made.

C. She works better than expectations.

D. She is especially made for housewives.

3.Why does the author think having Aiko around could prove to be bad?

A. The robot could replace her.

B. The robot can do more than she does.

C. The robot makes a mess in the house.

D. The robot can speak human language.

4.What could be the author's purpose in writing the text?

A. To introduce a robot.

B. To argue against robot­making.

C. To show her fights with robots.

D. To describe the daily life of a working mother.

 

Grandma  had  the coin for as long as I can remember.  Every time I went over  to her house, she told me the story of the coin:

It was the day after the ship had ______ in New York City. My grandmother and grandfather had come from Poland on that ship. They came to______ for a new life in the United States, ______ from the poverty and war in their native land.

They were walking to their new ______ from their factory jobs when they saw a  small glint (闪光) on the sidewalk. My grandmother bent over to ______ it more closely. It turned out to be a dark and dirty quarter. My grandmother ______ it up and said,“This coin is a good omen, a ______ of good fortune to come.” They took the coin to their little apartment and ______ it to make it shine.  The next day my grandmother got a(n) ______ job at a jewelry store.

As the years passed, my grandparents______good times and bad. My father and uncles were born,  my  grandfather  was ______from the factory, but got a job at a big machinery company. There, my grandparents finally found the good ______ my grandmother had ______.

When my grandfather died three years ago,  my grandmother ______ in to live with my family. This is when she ______the coin to me. Every day she told me this story. After a few months I could ______ tell the story in my sleep, ______ still she told me the story every day, stressing the importance of ______ on the coin. Last week she died. According to her ______, I got the coin. I think I was fortunate enough because I got the thing that ______ the most to my grandmother, and I will cherish it forever.

1.A. sailed    B. joined    C. landed    D. pulled

2.A. prepare    B. ask    C. apply    D. search

3.A. absent    B. fre    C. tired    D. independent

4.A. restaurant    B. store    C. apartment    D. cottage

5.A. examine    B. observe    C. test    D. touch

6.A. picked    B. dug    C. lifted    D. fixed

7.A. moment    B. message    C. gift    D. sign

8.A. packed    B. cleaned    C. repaired    D. rebuilt

9.A. worse    B. greater    C. better    D. easier

10.A. got over    B. took up    C. passed by    D. went through

11.A. laid off    B. laid down    C. shut off    D. broken down

12.A. wealth    B. chance    C. fortune    D. situation

13.A. described    B. planned    C. experienced    D. predicted

14.A. settled    B. moved    C. entered    D. dropped

15.A. promised    B. presente    C. sent    D. gave

16.A. hardly    B. practically    C. particularly    D. usually

17.A. and    B. so    C. but    D. however

18.A. keeping    B. passing    C. carrying    D. holding

19.A. order    B. dream    C. explanation    D. will

20.A. proved    B. offered    C. meant    D. contributed

 

________the difference between the two research findings will be one of the worst mistakes you make.

A. Ignore    B. Ignoring

C. Ignored    D. Having ignored

 

The children________lost in the woods; otherwise, they would have been at the lakeside camp as scheduled.

A. must have got    B. must get

C. should have got    D. should get

 

There is hard evidence ________ George has something to do with the murder.

A. which    B. what

C. why    D. that

 

Around two o'clock every night, Sue will start talking in her dream. It somewhat________us.

A. bothers    B. had bothered

C. would bother    D. bothered

 

We need to get to the root of the problem ________ we can solve it.

A. while    B. after

C. before    D. as

 

As a mother of two young boys, she knows the difficulties of keeping kids ________.

A. to entertain    B. entertaining

C. entertained    D. entertain

 

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