根据短文内容,从短文后的选项中选出能填入空白处的最佳选项。选项中有两项为多余选项。

There is an old Spanish proverb which states, “Tomorrow is often the busiest day of the week”.    1.  I’d say, too many. Our dreams should not, and cannot wait. We have to go for them now! Here’s why.

1.   2.

Nobody likes to talk about death, but the reality is that everybody is going to die at one point. None of us know the day, or the hour. Therefore, today is all we have. Don’t go to your grave with unfulfilled dreams. Make the decision to go after every dream, big or small right now.

2. The world is waiting on your gift.

I know this may be hard to believe, but the world is waiting on YOU! Yes, YOU!   3. Sure, other people may be able to sing. But they’ll never be able to sing exactly like you. Sure other people can write, but they’ll never be able to write from the same perspective in which you write. Don’t deprive the world of your gift. It’s the oxygen that we need to survive. Thus, it is your responsibility to figure out exactly what your gift is, and use to better your life and the lives of those around you.

3.   4.

You can dream about writing the great American play that you want, but it’s never going to happen unless you actually put pen to paper. You can dream about finding a cure for cancer, but it will never happen unless you actually go to school to become equipped with the necessary tools to find that cure.   5. They require you to get your head out of the clouds, and actually do the work to make them happen. Get to it!

A. You can’t let fear win.

B. Tomorrow is not promised.

C. In other words, dreams don’t work unless you do.

D. How many times have we put off our dreams until tomorrow?

E. You were born into the world with a unique gift, which nobody on this earth can duplicate.

F. Possibilities you never knew existed are waiting on you.

G. Unless you take the first step, your dreams will never come true.

 

The behavior of a building's users may be at least as important as its design when it comes to energy use, according to new research from the UK Energy Research Centre (UKERC). The UK promises to reduce its carbon emissions (排放)by 80 percent by 2050, part of which will be achieved by all new homes being zero carbon by 2016. But this report shows that sustainable building design on its own—though extremely important—is not enough to achieve such reductions: the behavior of the people using the building has to change too.

The study suggests that the ways that people use and live in their homes have been largely ignored by existing efforts to improve energy efficiency, which instead focus on architectural and technological developments.

“Technology is going to assist but it is not going to do everything,”explains Katy Janda, a UKERC senior researcher, “consumption patterns of building users can defeat the most careful design.” In other words, old habits die hard, even in the best designed eco home.

Another part of the problem is information. Households and bill payers don't have the knowledge they need to change their energy use habits. Without specific information, it's hard to estimate the costs and benefits of making different choices. Feedback(反馈) facilities, like smart meters and energy monitors, could help bridge this information gap by helping people see how changing their behavior directly affects their energy use; some studies have shown that households can achieve up to 15 percent energy savings using smart meters.

Social science research has added a further dimension, suggesting that individuals' behavior in the home can be personal and cannot be predicted—whether people throw open their windows rather than turn down the thermostat (恒温器) , for example.

Janda argues that education is the key. She calls for a focused program to teach people about buildings and their own behavior in them.

1.As to energy use, the new research from UKERC stresses the importance of ________.

A. zero carbon homes

B. the reduction of carbon emissions

C. sustainable building design

D. the behavior of building users

2.The underlined word “which” in Paragraph 2 refers to“________”.

A. their homes    B. existing efforts

C. developments   D. the ways

3.What are Katy Janda's words mainly about?

A. The importance of changing building users' habits.

B. The necessity of making a careful building design.

C. The variety of consumption patterns of building users.

D. The role of technology in improving energy efficiency.

4.The information gap in energy use________.

A. affects the study on energy monitors

B. brings about problems for smart meters

C. can be bridged by feedback facilities

D. will be caused by building users' old habits

 

Children are known to be very keen observers and once they are interested in something, it is very likely to stay with them for life. They tend to look at life through the eyes of the person they are close to or want to be like. If their role model is optimistic, there are more chances of them optimistic. The role model becomes their standard of measurement.

Because they follow the actions of their role models so closely, children adopt the personality and attitude of their role models. Children learn to like or dislike certain things by mimicking the personality and attitude of the people they admire.

One reason why children keep changing their answers to “what would you like to be when you grow up” is that they are influenced by individuals in a certain field.

Children view the social relationships (family or public) mainly in the light of the importance these relationships hold in the life of their role models. Their expression of their feelings is many times a reflection of their role model’s outlook.

According to a study, around 56% of teenagers identified with the role models. Out of these, those having personal or direct contact with their role models had higher self-esteem and were better at academics compared to those who didn’t. As such, children who have positive role models, have more self-confidence and are more optimistic about their future. They learn to handle themselves well in social settings and positively interact with those around them.

Of course, children who have their parents as positive role models have a well-rounded outlook towards life. They find it easier to deal with the highs and lows of life because they have seen their parents do it before. They find a sense of stability and security knowing that they will overcome failures just like their parents before them. Besides, it becomes easier for parents to discipline and guide children. So it is no wonder why children who have parents as their role models have fewer behavioral issues.

1.This article is mainly about______.

A. the importance of role models to children

B. how to be a good role model for children

C. the relation between role models and children

D. how to change children’s personality and attitude

2.The underlined word “mimicking” in Paragraph 2 can be replaced by ______.

A. studying       B. accepting

C. changing       D. imitating

3.According to the study, after direct contact with their role models, ______.

A. there is a decrease in children’s self-esteem

B. there are fewer children better at academics

C. children may have a strong desire to succeed

D. children may feel more optimistic about their future

4.It can be inferred from the last paragraph that______.

A. children’s behavioral issues are serious

B. people should learn the latest studies on role models

C. parents should set a good example for children

D. teaching children strategies for security is important

 

Even before my father left us, my mother had to go back to work to support our family. Once I came out of the kitchen, complaining, “Mum, I can’t peel potatoes. I have only one hand.”

Mum never looked up from sewing. “You get yourself into that kitchen and peel those potatoes,” she told me. “And don’t ever use that as an excuse for anything again!”

In the second grade, our teacher lined up my class on the playground and had each of us race across the monkey bars, swinging from one high steel rod to the next. When it was my turn, I shook my head. Some kids behind me laughed, and I went home crying.

That night I told Mum about it. She hugged me, and I saw her “we’ll see about that” look. The next afternoon, she took me back to school. At the deserted playground, mum looked carefully at the bars.

“Now, pull up with your right arm,” she advised. She stood by as I struggled to lift myself with my right hand until I could hook the bar with my other elbow. Day after day we practiced, and she praised me for every rung I reached.

I’ll never forget the next time, crossing the rungs; I looked down at the kids who were standing with their mouths open.

One night, after a dance at my new junior high, I lay in bed sobbing. I could hear Mum came into my room. “Mum,” I said, weeping, “none of the boys would dance with me.”

For a long time, I didn’t hear anything. Then she said, “Oh, honey, someday you’ll be beating those boys off with a bat.” Her voice was faint and cracking. I peeked out from my covers to see tears running down her cheeks. Then I knew how much she suffered on my behalf. She had never let me see her tears.

1.Which of the following expressions can be used most suitably to describe Mum’s attitude when she made the child peel potatoes?

A. Serious          B. Strict        C. Cautious     D. Considerate

2.What does the underlined sentence in Paragraph 4 imply?

A. Mum was determined to prove she herself was better than the teacher.

B. The race across monkey bars was not difficult enough for a child to give up.

C. What the child had said brought Mum great attraction and curiosity.[

D. Mum believed every aim could be achieved if you stuck to it.

3.When the child looked down at the kids, they were standing with their mouths open because ________.

A. they felt sorry for what they had done before

B. they were afraid the author might fall off and get hurt

C. they were astonished to find the author’s progress

D. they wanted to see what the author would do on the bars

4.The most probable conclusion we can draw after reading the passage is ________.

A. Mum suffered more in the process of the child’s growth actually

B. the last incident was sad enough to make Mum weep

C. Mum could solve any problem except the one in the last paragraph

D. the child’s experience reminded Mum of that of her own

 

Admission

Reservations are not necessary to visit The Huntington. Tickets may be purchased at the time of your visit.

 

Weekdays

Weekends

Adults

$20

$23

Seniors ( age 65+ )

$15

$18

Students (age 12-18, or with full-time student I.D.)

$12

$13

Youth (age 5-11 )

$8

$8

Children (under 5)

free

free

Groups ( 15 or more )

$11 ( per person )

$14 ( per person )

Members

free

free

Free Day

Admission to The Huntington is free to all visitors on the first Thursday of every month with advance tickets. Hours on Free Day are 10:30 a.m. 4:30 p. m. Please notice that Free Day tickets are not available at The Huntington, and can only be reserved by phone or online. You may not purchase regular admission tickets on Free Day.

Parking

Parking is free at The Huntington. And no parking reservations are necessary unless you are a school or tour group arriving by bus.

Bus Reservations for Groups

Groups arriving by bus must make reservations in advance by calling 626-405-2240. Please notice that all buses and tricks must use a specified (规定的) route for entering The Huntington from the north.

1.If next Saturday a 66-year-old man goes to the library with his three grandchildren, aged 4, 6, 14, how much should he pay?

A. $40           B. $35          C.$ 39          D. $44

2.To visit the library on free days, you_______.

A. must reserve a parking place

B. should reserve tickets in advance

C. have to buy admission tickets

D. get free tickets on arriving at the library

3.As for tour groups arriving at the library by bus, _______.

A. they have to pay for the parking space

B. they have to park their bus outside

C. they don’t need to make a reservation

D. they should call the library in advance

 

书面表达

请你根据下面所给的提示描写中国的一个传统节日-----端午节。

1.龙舟节,也叫端午节,是在中国的农历五月初五这一天庆祝。它是中国一个传统的节日.多数中国家庭都庆祝这个节日; 2. 端午节节日起源; 3.庆祝活动:赛龙舟、吃粽子等。

农历  calendar      粽子  rice dumpling

注意:词数:100词左右。

__________________________________________________________________________________________

__________________________________________________________________________________________

__________________________________________________________________________________________

__________________________________________________________________________________________

__________________________________________________________________________________________

__________________________________________________________________________________________

 

短文改错

假如英语课上老师要求同桌之间交换修改作文,请你修改你同桌的以下作文。文中共有10处错误,每句中最多有两处。错误涉及单词的增加、删除或修改。

增加:在缺词处加一个漏词符号∧,并在此符号下面写出该加的词。

删除:把多余的词用斜线\划掉。

修改:在错词下面划一横线,并在该词下面写出修改后的词。

注意:1.每处错误及其修改均仅限一词;

2.只允许修改10处,多者(从第11处起)不计分。

People are not so honest that they once were. The temptation to steal is greater than ever before ---- especial in large shops. A detective recently watched a well-dressed woman who always went into a large store on Monday mornings. One Monday, there was fewer people in the shop than usual when the woman came in, but it was easier for the detective to watch her. The woman first bought for a few small articles. After a little time, she chose one of the most expensive dressed in the shop and hand it to an assistant who wrapped it up for him as quickly as possible. Then the woman simply took the parcel and walked out to the shop with paying. When she was arrested, the detective found that the shop assistant was her daughter. The girl ‘gave’ her mother the free dress once a week!

 

语法填空。

阅读下面材料,在空白处填入适当的内容(1个单词)或括号内单词的正确形式。

I’m   1.  only child of my parents, so they are worried   2.    everything I do. For example,    3.  I ride my bike, my parents won’t let me    4.   (ride) by myself. They are afraid I might fall off my bike and hurt 5.   . They are taking great trouble to support the bike, with my mother even   6.  (carry) a first-aid box. I’m not free to ride and I often say 7.  (angry), “why not let me ride alone?”

Now, most families have one child. Parents want to do everything for their children. This does no good 8. them. Too much love from parents may prevent children from9.  (be) independent. In my opinion, parents should let their children do__10.__they should do alone.

 

完形填空

阅读下面短文。从短文后各题所给的四个选项(A、B、C和D)中,选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。

Each of us has goals for life. Some of these may be long-term (长期的) or_________ lifetime ones, and other dreams or wishes for more immediate satisfaction.

Just as you _________  great pleasure when you’re trying to  _________ short-term goals, there’s also power in having long-term and lifetime goals. Both _________ are valuable and serve each other. In order to be_________  in achieving a short- or long-term wish or goal, you must place your focus on the _________  result and train your mind on either a moment-to-moment, day-to-day, month-to-month, or year-to-year level.

For example, _________  a farmer is to plow (耕地) a straight line, he must keep his eye on a faraway point. If his attention is  _________ just a few feet in front of him, he will not plow straight. So, in order for his field to be plowed straight, he must _________ and focus on his long-term goal.

Focusing on a long-term goal can _________ the energy to get things done in the_________. For instance, when a runner sets a(n) _________to run a mile, he’ll _________ be tired when he _________  the one-mile mark. _________ if this same runner sets a goal to run ten miles, he probably won’t even be sweating (出汗) upon _________  this same one-mile mark. If this very same runner was to set a goal to run 26 miles and keep his mind on the completion of this long  _________ , not only wouldn’t he be sweating, but most likely he wouldn’t even be out of breath as he ran by the _________ mark.

Long-term goals, _________ , can’t be achieved without first achieving _________goals. We may have a goal to climb a ladder (梯子), but we have to take one step at a time in order to reach the top.

1.A. even                 B. just           C.also             D.rather

2.A. understand           B. experience     C. explain         D. welcome

3.A. set                  B. keep           C. prevent        D. achieve

4.A. terms                B. dreams         C. types           D. thoughts

5.A. successful           B. special      C. interested      D. different

6.A. important            B. certain        C. final          D. happy

7.A. if                   B. when           C. although        D.because

8.A. received             B. attracted      C. directed        D. paid

9.A. correct              B. forget         C. believe        D. know

10.A. choose             B. influence      C. report         D. provide

11.A. dark               B. present        C. end             D. future

12.A. date               B. story          C. goal            D. example

13.A. probably           B. personally     C. partly         D. quietly

14.A. remembers           B. reaches       C. discovers      D. records

15.A. And                B. But           C. So             D. Or

16.A. waiting for        B. searching for  C. preparing      D. passing

17.A. race               B. game          C. drive           D. flight

18.A. twenty-six-mile    B. thirteen-mile C. ten-mile        D. one-mile

19.A. however             B. besides       C. instead         D. therefore

20.A. lifetime            B. short-term     C. common          D. big

 

根据短文内容,从短文后的选项中选出能填入空白处的最佳选项。选项中有两项为多余选项。

Everyone can’t live without money. ____1.__ However, money cannot buy everything. You can’t buy the following things only relying on money you have.

Time

Money is a tool for trade. We spend most of our time on this earth getting, spending, worrying and fantasying about money. __2._ Instead, money takes away your time that could have been spent playing with your children or having a long walk with your friends. When the sun sets, a day goes away from our life forever. No money has power to bring that back to life.

Self-respect

There are a lot of examples to prove that no money can buy self-respect. __3.__ If you are your worst enemy, gods of money can’t save you from the self-destruction you add to yourself.

Health

As I write this, I found out that one of my best friends has brain cancer, and it is in the last period. __4.__ But no money can buy insurance for his life. We buy insurance for just about everything including our life but money can never bring life back.

Happiness

This is controversial(有争议的). Money can buy happiness if it is spent bringing greater financial safety for the family. __5._  Going after money every day can never find its destination with frequent eagerness to get more .

A. Show your respect for others.

B. Self-respect is got from within.

C. Money can buy a lot of things.

D. You can’t buy the time or save it in your storeroom.

E. Of course money can get him the best health care possible.

F. So you should not try your best to earn money without caring about your health.

G. But money can’t buy happiness if the purpose is to make money to make other people happy.

 

Wonderful Museum

Hours

Monday – Thursday: 10:00 am – 5:00 pm

Friday: 10:00 am – 8:00 pm

Saturday: 10:00 am – 5:00 pm

Sunday: 11:00 am – 5:00 pm

Closed on Thanksgiving Day and Christmas Day.

The Museum Shop is open during regular museum hours.

The Museum Library

Monday –Friday: 10:00 am – 5:00 pm

The Skyliner Restaurant

Monday - Saturday: during regular museum hours

Sunday: 11:30 am – 5:00 pm

Admission

Adults:$7.00

The aged and students with ID: $6.00

Wonderful Museum offers a 50% discount to groups of 20 or more.

1.Wonderful Museum usually opens ____ except on Thanksgiving Day and Christmas Day.

A. from Monday to Thursday                        B. every day

C. every day of the week                          D. on weekdays

2. If a group of 30 students with ID visit Wonderful Museum, how much should they pay for the admission?

A. $105.                B. $90.            C. $210.             D.$180.

3.If you want to invite your friends to dinner on Friday, you have to reach the Skyliner Restaurant ____.

A. after 8:00 pm         B. at 6:00 am

C. after 10:00 pm        D. before 8:00 pm

 

People can be addicted to(沉溺于) different things — e.g. alcohol, drug, certain foods, or even television. People who have such an addiction are compulsive(强迫的):They have a very powerful psychological(心理上的)need that they feel they must satisfy. According to psychologists, many people are compulsive spenders. They feel that they must spend money. This compulsion, like most others, is impossible to explain reasonably. For compulsive spenders who buy on credit(以赊欠方式), charge accounts are even more exciting than money. In other words, compulsive spenders feel that with credit, they can do anything. Their pleasure in spending large amounts is actually greater than the pleasure that they get from the things they buy.

There is even a special psychology of bargain hunting. To save money, of course, most people look for sales, low prices, and discounts. Compulsive bargain hunters, however, often buy things that they don’t need just because they are cheap. They want to believe that they are helping their budgets(预算), but they are really playing an exciting game. When they can buy something for less than other people, they feel that they are winning. Most people, experts claim, have two reasons for their behavior: a good reason for the things that they do and the real reason.

It is not only scientists, of course, who understand the psychology of spending habits, but also business people. Stores, companies, and advertisers use psychology to increase business. They consider people’s needs for love, power, or influence, their basic values, their beliefs and opinions, and so on in their advertising and sales methods. Psychologists often use a method called “behavior therapy(疗法)” to help individuals solve their personality problems. In the same way, they can help people who feel that they have problems with money.

1.According to the psychologists, a compulsive spender is one who spends large amounts of money___.

A. and takes great pleasure from what he or she buys

B. in order to satisfy his or her basic needs in life

C. just to meet his or her strong psychological need

D. and feels he or she is cheated

2.Which of the following statements is TRUE according to the text?

A. People spend money for exactly the same reason that they need to buy things.

B. Business people and advertisers can use the psychology of people’s spending habits to increase sales.

C. Business people understand the psychology of compulsive buying better than scientists do.

D. Compulsive bargain hunters do not have problems with money.

3.What is the text mainly about?

A. The psychology of money-spending habits.

B. The habits of compulsive spenders.

C. A special psychology of bargain hunting.

D. The use of the psychology of spending habits in business.

4.From the text we may safely conclude that compulsive spenders or compulsive bargain hunters _____.

A. are really unreasonable

B. need special treatment

C. are really beyond drugs

D. can never get any help to solve their problems with money

 

On Nov.18th,1908, three men went up in a balloon. They started early in London. The headman was Augusta Gaudron, and the other two men were Tannar and Maitland. They had a big balloon and they were ready for a long way.

Soon they heard the sea. They were carrying the usual rope, and it was hanging down from the basket of the balloon. At the end of the rope they had tied a metal box. This could hold water, or it could be empty. So they were able to change its weight. It was for use over the sea. They were also carrying some bags of sand.

After the sun rose, the balloon went higher. It went up to 3,000 metres, and the air was very cold. The water in the balloon became ice. Snow fell past the men's basket, and they could see more snow on the ground. The men tried to throw out some more sand; but it was hard. They tried to break the icy sand with their knives, but it was not easy. The work was slow and they were still falling, so they had to drop some whole bags of sand. One of them fell on an icy lake and made a black hole in the ice.

At last they pulled the box into the basket. It was still snowing; so they climbed to get away from the snow. They rose to 5,100 metres! Everything became icy. They were so cold that they decided to land. They came down in Poland heavily but safely. They had travelled 1,797 kilometers from London!

1.Three men flew in balloon ________.

A. for nearly 1,800 kilometers

B. to another city

C. to visit Poland

D. more than a century ago

2.The metal box was used for ________.

A. carrying the bags of sand

B. keeping drinking-water

C. carrying ropes of the basket

D. changing weight

3.When the balloon went up higher, ________.

A. the temperature of the balloon began to fall

B. They saw the sun go down

C. They made a hole in the basket with their knives

D. They could see a black hole on the ground

4.Which of the following is NOT true?________

A. The three men started their journey before the sun rose.

B. The balloon began to go up when they threw bags of sand out of the basket.

C. When they pulled the box into the basket, the balloon began to climb up.

D. The three men had to land because they felt cold.

 

Letter One

Dear Editor,

After I finish my homework, I often go online and chat with my friends. Sometimes I play Internet games. But my parents hate to see me playing games on the computer. Maybe they have heard too much news about how QQ and Internet games harm children. Once I went to a net bar to play games after school. But after that I told my parents that I was playing basketball at school. I said so because I didn’t want to make them unhappy. I feel bad about it. However, I need to rest for a while by playing computer games after studying for a long time. I really want my parents to understand that. Do foreign parents do the same to their children? Please help me.

Li Ping, Nantong

Letter Two

Dear Li Ping,

I think it’s not strange for parents to keep their children away from anything bad. Foreign parents will do the same as your parents! They may not let their children watch TV for too long a time, or like your parents, they don’t want their children to play computer games.

Talk to your parents and be honest to them, I think. Tell them what you are doing and why you are doing so to make them understand you. It’s never good to do things behind your parents’ backs. They aren’t fools as you think sometimes! Our parents seem to know what is the best for us. Remember: to be honest is the best way.

Good luck,

Rebecca

1.From the passage we can learn that Li Ping often ________.

A.talks to his friends on the Internet

B.plays basketball after school

C.plays computer games at home

D. chats online before doing his homework

2.The boy goes online _____.

A. to get news about QQ

B. just to have a rest

C. to show that he hates study

D. just to find some friends

3.The underlined sentence in Letter Two means “ _____ ”.

A. You must do everything in front of your parents

B. You must always listen to your parents carefully

C. You should tell your parents what you do before or after doing it

D. You should not do anything to make your parents worry about you

4.The editor thinks _____.

A. children should play computer games secretly

B. playing computer games can be very helpful to children’s studies

C. children should be honest and try to make their parents understand them

D. foreign parents don’t care for their children as much as Chinese parents

 

书面表达

假设你是李华。你的美国笔友Susan要在暑假来中国桂林参加一个文化交流活动。 她想提前了解一下这座城市的相关情况,写信向你询问,请根据下提示信息,给她回一封信。

 

自然情况

位于中国的南部,气候温和,风景优美

景点

四面环水,七星公园,漓江,象鼻山等

美食

桂林米粉辣椒酱

......

 

 

注意:  1. 词数100左右,开头结尾已经给出,但不计入总数;

2. 可适当增加细节,以使行文连贯;

3. 参考词汇   象鼻山 Elephant Trunk Hill   chilli sauce

Dear Susan,

I’m glad that you are coming to Guilin for an exchange program during the summer holiday.

_________________________________________________________________________________________

_________________________________________________________________________________________

_________________________________________________________________________________________

_________________________________________________________________________________________

_________________________________________________________________________________________

_________________________________________________________________________________________

Yours

Li Hua

 

短文改错

假定英语课上老师要求同桌之间交换修改作文,请你修改你同桌写的以下作文。文中共有 10处语言错误,每句中最多有两处。错误仅涉及一个单词的增加、删除或修改。

增加:在缺词处加一个漏字符号(∧),并在其下面写出该加的词。

删除:把多余的词用(\)划掉。

修改:在错的词下画一横线(___),并在该词下面写出修改后的词。

注意:1.每处错误及其修改均仅限一词;

2.只允许修改10处,多者(从第11处起)不计分。

Dear Sir or Madam,

I’m Li Hua, the middle school student from China. I read the announcement of the summer camp you have posted at the Internet and I am interested in them. I know that you welcome students from different countries and I’d like take part in it. I had been learning English for ten years, and I speak fluently English. What is much, I’ll be able to tell students from other countries about China and so learn about their country as well. I hope I will be accepted as a member of your summer camp.

Looking forward to receive your early reply!

Regards,

Li Hua

 

阅读下面句子,在空白处填入适当的内容(1个单词)或括号内单词的正确形式。

1.He is not wealthy; on the contrary, he has been in heavy __________(债).

2.There is a common belief that movies especially the______(暴力的) movies will have a bad effect on people.

3.The man came up and asked me whether there was a golf club ___________(附近).

4.People _________(钦佩) him more for the way he faces difficulties.

5.We should take______________ (措施) to put an end to this damage caused by human being.

6.Born in a poor family, he received__________(有限的) education in his childhood.

7.The speaker tried hard to______________ (使印象深刻) the audience but left them cold.

8.There _________(存在) a relationship between tourism and economic development.

9.Children under sixteen is not ______________(允许) to take part in this activity.

10.Mark Twain’s ______________(小说) The Adventures of Tom Sawyer is well received by children.

11.These photos remind me _______  the good old days we spent together.

12.We must do as much as we ________to make our country better and more beautiful.

13.____________ the other astronauts accept his idea remains a question.

14.If you keep________ word, you will do what you promise before .

15.No one knows _________caused the accident.

 

完形填空

阅读下面短文,从短文后各题所给的四个选项(A、B、C和D)中选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。

My daughter and I were driving from Los Angeles to Dallas. We were running_________on gas somewhere in New Mexico and _________ we would see a gas station soon enough to fill up.

But that didn’t happen and we_________ we were not going to make it to the next town. So my daughter made up a _________ that read “Low on gas. Can u help?”and held it outside her _________ in the hope that a passing driver would _________ it and stop.

It was about 3:30 pm on a weekday and there weren’t too many vehicles _________ us at that time. Then we found someone _________ along ahead of us. We caught up with it in the _________that the driver would notice the sign.

After a brief expression of_________ on his face, he seemed to have noticed the sign and _________down to pull over. We pulled over right behind him.

When he knows that we don’t have enough gas, he_________  to buy us gas at the next town Roswell. When we _________ our difficulty of not having enough gas to get there, he said they had a gas _________on his farm about 10 minutes away, so if we could give him 20 minutes, he would _________ back there, get a can of gasoline and _________ up our tank.

We could not believe our good _________ !We were filled with gratitude(感激)for the_________of strangers such as this person as we waited for him to return. Sure enough, he was back with the can. He _________ to take payment for the gas, saying “What good is a man who cannot help another_________.

1.A. full           B. low         C. empty     D. free

2.A. judged       B. decided     C. insisted  D. admitted

3.A. required       B. wished    C. proved    D. realized

4.A. map           B. sign        C. help     D. list

5.A. bag            B. window     C. pocket  D. room

6.A. notice        B. accept     C. study   D. check

7.A. reaching     B. helping     C. passing D. noticing

8.A. walking      B. driving     C. wandering D. running

9.A. hope          B. way         C. strength D. case

10.A. excitement   B. confusion(困惑) C. surprise D. worry

11.A. slowed      B. walked    C. settled   D. lay

12.A. wanted      B. started     C. offered  D. managed

13.A. reported      B. shouted     C. changed   D. explained

14.A. station       B. producer   C. pump(泵)  D. seller

15.A. wait          B. stay        C. work      D. head

16.A. fill         B. take        C. pick      D. put

17.A. fortune      B. dream      C. 1esson    D. opinion

18.A. happiness     B. kindness   C. patience  D. pleasure

19.A. promised     B. refused     C. forgot    D. expected

20.A. in turn       B. in hand     C. in time  D. in need

 

根据短文内容, 从短文后的选项中选出能填入空白处的最佳选项。选项中有两项为多余选项。

While serious training is important for all dogs, playtime is just as important.   1. Use these games to help teach your dog how to play.

1. Hide and Seek

Hide and seek isn’t just for kids. Dogs can really enjoy this game. Pick up one of your dog’s favorite toys or treats. Tell your dog to stay.   2.  When you are ready, call your dog to come to you. If possible, squeak(使吱吱叫)the toy or shake the treats. Reward your dog with praise and the toy/treat when she finds you.

2. Fetch

Many dogs have a natural ability to fetch. Other dogs can be taught how. 3.  Play indoors with a soft toy or outdoors in a fenced-in area with a ball or disc. For dogs that really  love to run, try this game of fetch!

3. Find the Treat

Dogs have superior senses of smell, and most love to use their noses to find food. Let your dog use her brain and her nose to find hidden goodies. First, have your dog stay out of sight. Then, hide her favorite treats in various places around the room. 4. If help is needed, you can lead her around or point to areas for her to explore.

Whatever the game, safety comes first! Remember to watch your dog for signs of exhaustion or overheating when you are playing. Stop if your dog seems tired or shows signs of anxiety. 5.  When other dogs or people are around, it may create a dangerous distraction(分神).

A. Then, go to find a good hiding place.

B. Try different games to see which your dog responds to best.

C. A good game of fetch can be played almost anywhere.

D. You can include games in training as well.

E. Also be aware of your surroundings when playing with your dog.

F. Encourage your dog to play with other dogs.

G. Bring your dog back in and tell her to “go find!”

 

When thinking about placing a human being in space, one of the most important questions was how to design special clothing needed to protect a person from the dangers of the space environment. The cold of space will freeze skin in a short time. The fierce heat of the sun can cause serious burns. The lack of atmosphere can cause gases in the body to expand(扩大) and even burst. With no oxygen to breathe, a human being will die in only a few moments. Radiation from the sun is another risk in space. So is damage from small pieces of rock and objects like meteoroids (陨石).

In 1933, an American flyer, Wiley Post, designed one of the first successful devices to protect a pilot at extreme heights. It was a large device that looked like a can surrounded the pilot's head. Astronauts in the American space agency (NASA) flew the first American space flights in the early 1960s. The clothing was similar to that invented by Wiley Post.

Today, astronauts wear very different protective clothing. It lets them move, do useful tasks, and stay outside their spacecraft in comfort and safety for several hours. The spacesuit is called the shuttle extravehicular mobility unit or EMU. It was designed to endure longer and to permit more movement than earlier spacesuits.

The EMU has a number of parts that an astronaut can link together by using only one hand, which makes it possible for each astronaut to select the parts that fit correctly.

Nowadays, NASA scientists are also considering the kind of spacesuits that would be needed for exploration on the planet Mars. Because of the gravity on Mars, spacesuits may have to be designed to be lighter than suits used in orbit or on the moon. The equipment may also have to protect astronauts from dust carried in the winds on Mars. And, they must be easy to repair and keep clean during a longer flight to and from the red planet.

1.Which of the following is NOT mentioned about the dangers of space environment?

A. Lack of oxygen.       B. Fierce heat from the sun.

C. Gases in the body.   D. Radiation from the sun.

2.Which of the following statements is true, according to this passage?

A. Wiley Post designed the first protective clothing for astronauts.

B. Astronauts in earlier spacesuits had difficulty in moving, doing useful tasks and so on.

C. EMU has many parts that can be linked together by using two hands.

D. Special spacesuits have been used for exploration of the planet Mars.

3.The underlined word “endure” means _______.

A. provide      B. move      C. last     D. live

4.The best title of the passage might be ______.

A. Space exploration

B. Astronauts’ flights

C. The Advantages of Spacesuits

D. The Development of Spacesuits

 

Deserts are found where there is little rainfall or where rain for a whole year falls in only a few weeks' time. Ten inches of rain may be enough for many plants to survive if the rain is spread throughout the year. If it falls within one or two months and the rest of the year is dry, those plants may die and a desert may form.

Sand begins as tiny pieces of rock that get smaller and smaller as wind and weather wear them down. Sand dunes (沙丘) are formed as winds move the sand across the desert. Bit by bit, the dunes grow over the years, always moving with the winds and changing the shape. Most of them are only a few feet tall, but they can grow to be several hundred feet high.

There is, however, much more to a desert than sand. In the deserts of the southwestern United States, cliffs (悬崖) and deep valleys were formed from thick mud that once lay under a sea more than millions of years ago. Over the centuries, the water dried up. Wind, sand, rain, heat and cold all wore away at the remaining rocks. The faces of the desert mountains are always changing –-very, very slowly ---as these forces of nature continue to work on the rock.

Most deserts have a surprising variety of life. There are plants, animals and insects that have adapted to life in the desert. During the heat of the day a visitor may see very few signs of living things, but as the air begins to cool in the evening, the desert comes to life. As the sun begins to rise again in the sky, the desert once again becomes quiet and lonely.

1.Many plants may survive in deserts when___________.

A. it is dry all the year round

B. the rain falls only in a few weeks

C. there is little rain in a year

D. the rain is spread out in a year

2.Sand dunes are formed when____________.

A. sand piles up little by little

B. there is plenty of rain in a year

C. the sea has dried up over the years

D. pieces of rock get smaller

3.The underlined sentence in the third paragraph probably means that in a desert there is_____.

A. too much sand

B. more sand than before

C. nothing except sand

D. something else besides sand

4.It can be learned from the text that in a desert____________.

A. there is no rainfall throughout the year

B. life exists in rough conditions

C. all sand dunes are a few feet high

D. rocks are worn away only by wind and heat

 

In addition to seeing wonderful films, one of the joys of coming to the Quad Cinema is to hang out in the area. The Quad Cinema is located right in the heart of Greenwich Village, perhaps the most charming and interesting neighborhood in the city. Here are some attractions we recommend, all within a comfortable walk from the Quad Cinema:

Washington Square Park

As one of the best-known of New York City's 1,900 public parks, it is a landmark in the Manhattan neighborhood of Greenwich Village, as well as a meeting place and center for cultural activity. Come on a Sunday when it's most lively and festive.

New York University

It surrounds Washington Square. See the wonderful Bobst Library and visit the amazing bookstores.  NYU is now considered one of the most powerful universities in the world.

Judson Memorial Church

Located in the south of Washington Square between Thompson Street and Sullivan Street, opposite Washington Square Park, this beautiful church was completed in 1892. The Judson Memorial Church is most famous for its vocal participation in social events.

Washington Mews

It is a hidden, private street in New York City between Fifth Avenue and University Place, just north of Washington Square Park. It was first developed as a mews(马厩街) that serviced horses from homes in the area. Since the 1950s the former stables have served as housing,  offices and other facilities for New York University.

Jefferson Market Courthouse

Built in 1833 as a market, it was later changed to a courthouse, and in the 1950s it was emptied and close to being destroyed. It was saved and turned into a library. Many consider it to be the most beautiful building in the village.

1.What is the author's purpose of writing this passage?

A. To suggest the Quad Cinema is the best place.

B. To introduce some attractions around the Quad Cinema.

C. To show the Quad Cinema attracts a lot of customers.

D. To tell readers to enjoy their life fully.

2.Where is the Judson Memorial Church?

A. In the south of Washington Square.

B. Behind Washington Square Park.

C. Opposite Thompson Street.

D. Close to New York University.

3.When Washington Mews came into being, ________.

A. it was designed for a university

B. it was intended for keeping horses

C. it was used as a park for horses

D. it was filled with free facilities

 

My parents knew their wealth: each other, their six children, and their faith. They tried to live simple lives so that they could have time for what was most important.

They didn’t busy themselves buying a bigger house, because that would mean working harder to pay the monthly mortgage(按揭贷款), working overtime or taking a second job. Who would go running with me then? Who would read stories to me?

They didn’t burden themselves with buying an expensive car because that would mean worrying about installment(分期付款) bills. Besides, walking to the shopping centre every Saturday afternoon with me gave my dad his needed exercise, and made me feel so special.

One of my heart’s delights was seeing Dad and Mom in their bedroom at night, after our nightly family prayer. The lights were turned off, and I’d see the figure of my father seated on his old chair and Mom standing behind him, gently massaging his shoulders. I’d hear them talk about what happened during their day. Even as a child, I sensed their quiet pleasure in being together.

My question today: Could they have done this rich practice each night and nourished(滋润) their marriage if they had been busy paying for expensive clothes for themselves or their kids, or if they had been worrying about monthly bills for new hi-tech equipment? I don’t think so. And I’ve made a choice: I don’t want that of life either.

1.Which of the following is TRUE about the author’s family?

A. There were six people in the family.

B. They decided to buy a bigger house.

C. They lived an easy and happy life.

D. They had a second-hand car.

2.What did the parents regularly do with the author?

A. They wrote stories together.

B. They read newspapers together.

C. They went shopping together each day.

D. They regularly took exercise together.

3.The author believed that his/her parents’ happiness was because of_______.

A. their attitude towards life

B. their love for each other

C. Their common interests

D. their ability to communicate with each other

4.It can be inferred from the last paragraph that the author __________.

A. got bored with his/her parents’ way of educating kids

B. was influenced by his/her parents’ lifestyle

C. didn’t want to follow his/her parents’ advice

D. didn’t want to live the same life as his/her parents

 

书面表达

近年来,桂林开展了“绿色出行”(Green Transportation)计划,向市民提供了大批量的公共自行车。学校将举办以此为主题的演讲比赛,请你以“Let’s Ride Bicycles”为题,撰写一篇演讲稿,主要内容包括:

1. 表明观点:倡导“绿色出行”

2. 简述倡导“绿色出行”的理由(如:环境保护,有益健康等)

要求:1. 可适当增加细节使行文连贯 2. 书写规范,卷面整洁  3. 字数:100词左右 (开头已给,不计入总词数)

Good afternoon, everyone! ___________________________________________________.

_______________________________________________________________________________________

_______________________________________________________________________________________

_______________________________________________________________________________________

_______________________________________________________________________________________

_______________________________________________________________________________________

_______________________________________________________________________________________

 

短文改错

假定英语课老师要求同桌交换修改作文,请你修改同桌的一下作文。文中共有10处语言错误,每句最多两处。每处错误仅涉及一个单词的增加、删除或修改。

增加:在缺词处加一个漏字符号(),并在其下面写出该加的词。

删除:把多余的词用斜线(\)划掉。

修改:在错的词下划一横线,并在该词下面写出修改后的词。

注意: 1. 每处错误及修改均仅限一词;

2. 只允许修改10处,多者(从第11处起)不计分。

It is well-known that good habits do us good all our life. Entered high school, I took delight in having fast food and often eat too much. In the end, I was so serious overweight that I suffered a lot from my awkward appearance. It made matters worse was the fact that my classmates made a fun of me at times. From now on, I made up my mind to avoiding snacks. In the meanwhile, I took off jogging to lose weight. To my surprise, it was not long until I did succeed in creating my new appearance. Only then I start to appreciate the importance of developing a good habit.

 

根据下列各句句意和空白后的汉语提示,在横线上写出对应单词的正确、完整形式,每空只填一词。

1.The school rules that no child shall be allowed out of school during the day, unless _____(陪伴) by parents.

2.We want to make sure that our food supply is _____ _ (充裕)for all of us.

3.He worked all summer to save money for the________ (购买) of a piano.

4.By reading this book I am sure that you will ________(获得)a lot of information about Britain.

5.As the wages were low, few people ________(申请) for the job.

6.Some settlers were believed to have crossed the strait to America by ________(方式;手段)of a land bridge.

7.The idea ____________(打动;撞击) a mixture of fear and excitement into people’s hearts.

8.This movie is ________(改编) from one of Shakespeare’s works.

9.The fact that some cannot see the real person inside my body doesn’t make me _____________(烦恼;不悦)

10.Having retired from business, he now ________(忙于) himself with the welfare of the disabled.

 

阅读下面短文,在空白处填入适当的内容(一个单词)或括号内单词的正确形式。

British people are working to an older age. 1.      number of working 70-74-year-olds has doubled in recent years. Around 10% of people in 2.      (they) early 70s now work. This is the 3.      (high) figure on record. An important reason4.    the British work in their old age is that retirement pensions are becoming more difficult to live on. 5.___________(consequence) many older people have to work in order to survive.

Britain6._______ (see) great changes in the labor market during the last decade, 7. _______far more people working beyond their retirement age. While there are plenty who enjoy remaining in work, many need to earn extra cash because they can not afford8._______(retire) early. Older people need decent(体面地) jobs and pensions so that they can make a proper 9.       (choose) about whether they remain in work. Now they are deciding on a career change later in life and are starting up their own businesses, 10.      (devote) to something they may have dreamed of doing for years.

 

完形填空

阅读下列短文,从每小题所给的四个选项(A、B、C和D)中,选出最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。

My friend Monty Roberts told me a story about a young boy. One day at school, the boy was asked to write a paper _________ what he wanted to be and do when he grew up.

That night he wrote a seven paper _________ his dream of owning a farm. He put a great deal of his  _________ into the paper and the next day he handed it in to his _________. Two days later he received his paper back. On the_________ page was a large red F with a _________ that read, “See me after class.” The boy went to see the teacher after class and asked, _________ did I receive an F?” The teacher said, “This is an unrealistic dream for a young boy like _________ . Owning a farm requires a lot of money. There’s no _________ a young man could ever do it.” Then the teacher added, _________ you rewrite this paper, I will reconsider your _________ .”

The boy went home and _________ about it long and hard. Finally, after a week, he turned in the _________paper, making no changes.

Monty then said, “I tell you this story because you are sitting in my farm. I _________ have that school paper over fireplace.” He added, “The   _________ part of the story is that two summers ago the same schoolteacher _________ 30 kids to camp out on my farm. When the teacher was _________ , he said, ‘Look Monty, I can tell you this now. When I was your teacher, I was something of a dream_________ . During those years I stole a lot of kids’ dreams. _________ you had enough courage not to _________yours.”

Don’t let anyone steal your dreams. Follow your heart, no matter what…

1.A. in          B. at        C. for           D. about

2.A. giving     B. taking   C. describing     D. making

3.A. opinion     B. thought   C. soul           D. heart

4.A. classmate   B. teacher  C. father         D. writer

5.A. front      B. middle    C. back           D. last

6.A. word        B. note      C. paper          D. letter

7.A. What        B. Where     C. Why           D. How

8.A. you         B. me        C. him            D. them

9.A. road        B. way       C. opinion        D. idea

10.A. Now        B. Although C. Since          D. If

11.A. work       B. idea      C. grade          D. advice

12.A. thought  B. wrote     C. spoke          D. read

13.A. new        B. same      C. different      D. second

14.A. never      B. again     C. even          D. still

15.A. first      B. biggest  C. best          D. most

16.A. brought   B. took     C. carried        D. found

17.A. arriving   B. leaving   C. moving         D. reaching

18.A. stealer    B. maker     C. lover          D. leader

19.A. Unluckily  B. Generally C. Finally       D. Fortunately

20.A. take up    B. make up   C. give up       D. break up

 

根据短文内容,从短文后的选项中选出能填入空白处的最佳选项,选项中有两项为多余项。

A student's life is never easy. 1. __  A lot of preparations are needed so you can be sure to go back home with a diploma and a bright future waiting for you. The following are some basic things you need to do before even seizing that passport and boarding on the plane.

Knowing the country.

You shouldn't bother researching the country's hottest tourist spots or historical places. You won't go there as a tourist, but as a student. It'll be helpful to read the most important points in their history and to read up on their culture. 2.   You surely don't want to face legal problems, especially if you're away from home.

Studying their language.

Don't expect that you can graduate abroad without knowing even the basics of the language. Before leaving your home country, take online lessons to at least master some of their words and sentences. 3._____        Doing this will also prepare you in communicating with those who can't speak English.

4.________.

Check the conversion(兑换)of your money to their local currency, set up your bank account so you can use it there, get an insurance, and find an apartment. The Internet or your intended school will be very helpful in finding an apartment and helping you understand local currency.

Remember, you're not only carrying your own reputation but your country's reputation as well. If you act foolishly, people there might think that all of your country men are foolish as well. 5.     

A. Packing your clothes.

B. Preparing for other needs.

C. Most importantly, read about their laws.

D. This will be useful in living and studying there.

E. That would surely be a very bad start for your study abroad program.

F. Going with their trends will keep it from being too obvious that you're a foreigner.

G. And it is even more difficult if you will have to complete your study in a foreign land.

 

High school plays a major role in shaping up your future and your whole development. extracurricular

(课外的) activities along with the studies can be very helpful. Make yourself take part in various activities and at the same time try to stand out in your studies. When you move out to college these efforts that you put in may count for a lot.

High school is not just about books or classes. Schools always provide opportunities for students to socialize (社交). There are various group tasks designed which allow the students to learn to work together.

High school is the right time for you to discover yourself and bring out some of your hidden talents. In your lessons, you may find that you are better at English than you were earlier or have grown an interest for Math. High school also provides many other opportunities for students to take part in. These help develop leadership skills and management skills at an early age, which in turn is a way of preparing students to manage and plan their careers (事业) better.

Balancing all activities is an experience in time management. If you have taken up a part-time job along with your high school you would have to arrange your time for studies, and extracurricular activities. Such management can go a long way in teaching you to manage things better when you take up a job. Moreover, they help build your character. You would be better prepared for additional stress that you may feel sometimes.

When at high school you should pick up your classes wisely. Depending upon what you like and your career plan you should choose suitable classes. Doing something that you hardly like may get you very low grades as well as lose valuable time. Take up interesting and challenging classes that would allow you to put in those extra efforts.

1.What does the author advise us to do at high school?

A. To devote all of our time to learning our lessons.

B. To try to get full marks in the final examinations.

C. To learn our lessons well and socialize frequently.

D. To make good friends as many as possible.

2.The author considers high school the time for us to        .

A. take up more part-time jobs.

B. develop our qualities that exist

C. plan our careers better

D. take up more sports outdoors

3.What is the author's attitude towards a part-time job at high school?

A. Supportive.   B. Negative.   C. Active.      D. Doubtful.

4.At high school we ought to choose courses that      .

A. have a good future   B. we know little about

C. we are good at       D. we take interest in

 

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