完形填空

阅读下面短文,从每题所给的A、B、C和D四个选项中,选出最佳选项。

I was 11 when you were born, and in your first few years I often looked after you, bathed and dressed you and took you out for walks. I have 1 memories of your childhood. Of 2 you up as a “rock star”. Of watching you dance 3 nightclothes. Of your insistence that I make your school lunch  4 I put so much more peanut butter on your  5 than anyone else. Of the  6 phone call we ever had—an echo(共鸣) of my own university years—when you wanted to 7 university and study dance.

Since we have grown up, I have lived through you, although you may not know it. You had the opportunity I so 8 wanted but never got—to train in the dancing arts. I encouraged our parents to support you because I have always 9 how my life would be if they hadn’t chosen a(n) 10 career path for me, their eldest child.

I know you have  11 to hunt for work and confidence, and that you probably wonder sometimes if you made the right choice.  12 , I am happy for you and proud that I played some small role in helping you to  13 your dream.

There’s a  14 between us now. It has grown since I first left home, and in the  15 I missed your teenage years. That 16 me greatly. I imagine that you believe we have very little in common — a  17 in the city and a biologist in West Africa—but in you I  18 some of my own dreams realized.

But beyond that, even at 12 or 13 I felt as much a mother to you as an elder sister. So, on the rare  19 when we see each other, I want to know everything, from your concerns, hopes to delights.

I wish I, as an adult, could hold you at arm’s  20 .I hope we can one day be sisters or friends again. I still make a tasty peanut butter sandwich for you.

1. A. painful    B. vivid    C. admirable   D. awful

2. A. putting    B. picking   C. making   D. dressing

3. A. in     B. as    C. with    D. for

4. A. although    B. because   C. when    D. if

5. A. sandwiches   B. lunch    C. bread    D. pies

6. A. longest    B. farthest   C. loudest   D. simplest

7. A. give in to    B. look away from  C. go in for   D. drop out of

8. A. badly    B. hardly    C. perfectly   D. naturally

9. A. believed    B. understood   C. wondered   D. regretted

10. A. official    B. original   C. traditional   D. special

11. A. managed   B. refused   C. struggled   D. preferred

12. A. Besides    B. Instead   C. However   D. Otherwise

13. A. choose    B. support   C. have    D. follow

14. A. promise    B. quarrel    C. distance   D. plan

15. A. direction   B. environment  C. experience   D. process

16. A. shocks    B. upsets    C. comforts   D. moves

17. A. rock star   B. performer   C. professor   D. dancer

18. A. remember   B. see    C. guess    D. keep

19. A. vacations   B. stages    C. spots    D. occasions

20. A. length    B. width    C. depth    D. height

 

七选五

根据短文内容,从短文后的七个选项中选出能填入空白处的最佳选项。选项中有两项为多余选项。

Coming face-to-face with your inadequacies can be painful, to say the least. It challenges the way that you believe people see you and even makes you question yourself.    1 . But handling negative feedback properly will not only make you look well-behaved, but it could eventually help you grow as a person. Here’s how to do it.

Be objective about criticism

Before you jump to conclusions and begin to challenge the other person’s opinion, take a step back and look at it all-sidedly. 2 , don’t immediately allow your emotions to get the better of you, but rather, take a moment to consider whether the criticism is at all accurate.  3 .

Be open to the idea of change

4 . And it may be because of a concept called “cognitive dissonance” (认知失调) that can prevent us from changing even when that’s what we need most. “People have a view of themselves or the world that they only seek to confirm, not adjust or change,” Dr. Benn, a psychologist explains. “They may ignore criticism because they wish to avoid having to change, or because it makes them feel bad, or because they feel it is not helpful.”

Ask questions

If you’re open to using the criticism as a springboard to improvement, you will likely need more information. The initial moment you hear the criticism may not be the best time to ask for more details. Your emotions will be riding high, and you may not be particularly willing to accept extra information. 5 . “Engage with the person who criticized you, asking what you can do differently or how you can do better,” says Dr. Benn. Even if you don’t agree with their advice, thank them and promise to consider it.

A. Most of us are pretty stubborn

B. When you can’t hear clearly

C. Next time you get a bad review

D. Your immediate reaction may be to defend yourself

E. But it’s best to avoid getting into an argument

F. Give yourself a chance to really take in the information and evaluate it

G. However, when you feel ready, it could be worth revisiting the subject with the person who criticized you

 

B

Those who claim bananas are fattening argue that bananas cause the body to make lots of insulin (胰岛素), and insulin causes fat growth.

How much insulin we produce is related to how fast food becomes sugar in our bloodstream. How can you know if food makes a lot of sugar quickly? The glycemic index(血糖指数), or GI rating tells us. Foods with GI scores above 75 are considered high-GI foods, leading to faster sugar development. Bananas have a GI of 62, which is considered low.

Weight loss can be a struggle for anyone, but it is especially hard for diabetics (糖尿病患者). A study looked at how the starch from unripe bananas affected the weight of a group of obese diabetics. After four weeks of a diet high in bananas, diabetics lost significantly more weight than on a control diet. They also saw improvements in insulin sensitivity from the banana diet.

What’s more, bananas have been shown to cut risks of strokes, diabetes and cancers (Bananas are the most powerful fruit for lowering the risk of kidney cancer.). Bananas are also a rich source of fiber, which has been shown to help weight loss. Bananas that still have some green on the skin are even higher in fiber.

Skins from green bananas can be taken and, after removing the stem and dark tip, cut into small pieces 2-3 inches long and 1/2 inch wide. These pieces can be made into a tea or added to a dish. When you eat the skins, be sure you are eating organic bananas. The flesh of regular bananas is low in pesticides, but the skins are not.

1. What conclusion can we draw from Paragraphs 1 & 2?

A. Bananas are likely to make people fat.

B. Insulin determines the amount of sugar.

C. Low-GI foods can turn into sugar more slowly.

D. The faster the food becomes sugar, the less insulin.

2.What does the author say about bananas?

A. Including bananas in diets is good for health.

B. Bananas can cure people suffering kidney cancer.

C. Eating organic bananas protect people from strokes.

D. Bananas’ abundant fiber improves insulin sensitivity.

3.What is discussed in the last paragraph?

A. The use of banana skins.

B. The benefits of banana skins.

C. The importance of banana skins.

D. The ways of choosing organic bananas.

4.In which section of a newspaper can we read this passage?

A. Education.   B. Health.   C. Culture.   D. Science.

 

A

Reflecting on the past about those decisions or actions that can’t be reversed(推翻) and being occupied with thoughts of "What if?" is no way to live. But there are a few things in life I’d probably do differently if I had the chance.

I once majored in architecture — something I had been crazy about for as long as I could remember — and then I suddenly had a change of heart. I made an appointment with my adviser, and told him I was no longer certain I wanted to pursue a career in architecture.

"Don’t give up on your childhood dream!" "He’s right," I thought. "I should just stick it out and I shouldn’t disappoint the little girl who once loved architecture."

It was awful. I was agonized, holding on to a childhood dream that had long since faded.  When I talked with a friend about it a year later, he asked: "Right now, what do you want to do with your life?" That’s when I came to the realization that dreams change over time and that you should give up the childhood dream if it’s not what you want as an adult. Luckily, it wasn’t too late. After some serious thought, I changed my major to journalism. It wasn’t something I had always imagined myself pursuing — but at that moment, it was what I wanted.

We grow up, and sometimes our dreams change — and that’s perfectly OK. You just need to ask yourself every once in a while, "Is this still what I want?" If the answer is no, move on and start chasing a new one.

1.What does the author suggest in Paragraph 1?

A. Past actions should be treasured.

B. It’s unwise to regret all the time.

C. Life would be dull without "What if?".

D. We make better decisions by looking back.

2.Why didn’t the author change her major immediately?

A. Changing a major was uncommon.

B. Her advisor forced her not to do that.

C. She thought it a betrayal of her younger self.

D. She didn’t want her childhood dream to fade.

3.What lesson did the author learn from the experience?

A. Don’t follow others’ career advice.

B. It’s OK to switch to our real love.

C. Improve us before realizing our dream.

D. Childhood dreams are hard to insist on.

 

翻译句子

把下列句子翻译成汉语。

1. 我确实太忙了,不然的话,我一定和你一起去。

________________________________________________________________________

2. 老师要求所有的学生都要参加这项活动。

________________________________________________________________________

3. 很奇怪,他居然认识我。

________________________________________________________________________

4. 我要是没有许多事情要做,也许会在这里多呆些时间。

________________________________________________________________________

5. 如果你明天早一点到校,你将有足够的时间读英语。

________________________________________________________________________

 

完成句子

根据括号内的汉语提示完成句子。

1. He ________ ________ ________ ________ (向公众呼吁) for support last week. (appeal)

2. I ________ (认为) you would arrive before noon. (figure)

3. The piece of wood ________ ________ ________ ________ (已被雕刻成) the shape of a flower. (carve)

4. The American military ________ ________ ________ ________ (表示倾向于) joint action. (express)

5. His novel won a prize and ________ ________ ________ (确立了他的声誉). (establish)

6. Television news ________ ________ ________ ________ (给我们带来了视觉图像) from around the world.  

  (bring)

7. Most of their knowledge ________ ________ ________ (仅限于) the company they work for. (specific)

8. I ________ ________ ________ ________ (宁愿买苹果) than bananas. (buy)

9. It will be fatal (致命的) to the people who ________ ________ ________ (对……过敏) it. (allergic)

10. I have corresponded with him for many years, but I have never ________ ________ ________ ________

   ________ (见他本人). (flesh)

 

Children dream of being sporting superstars           doctors and lawyers when they grow up.

A. other than     B. rather than  

C. more than     D. less than

 

It rained heavily in the south, _______ serious flooding in several provinces.

A. caused       B. having caused

C. causing      D. to cause

 

Instead of sand ____everywhere, there is mud and water everywhere, _________it difficult travel from place to

   place.

A. blowing; having made    B. blowing; making

C. being blown; making     D. being blown; having made

 

India reached 112 million users in September,          it the third largest Internet market worldwide.

A. making       B. to make  

C. made        D. having made

 

The doctor is skilled at treating heart trouble and never accepts any gift from his patients, so he has a very good

  ______.

A. expectation B. reputation   C. contribution   D. civilization

 

The entire organization has to be ready to          all of these changes at a moment’s notice.

A. refer to     B. apply to  

C. adapt to      D. appeal to

 

What attracted the boy?

  —It was the toy gun that took his ________.

A. appeal   B. interest   C. fancy     D. heart

 

How do you like the book?

  —I haven’t read a more interesting one. It’s well worth ______ a second time.

A.to be read      B. reading  

C. being read      D.to read

 

The book deserves ____ a second time.

  —Sorry, I can’t follow you clearly.

  —I said the book is worth ____ again.

A. reading; to study     B.to be read; to study

C. reading; studying    D. reading; being studied

 

The suggestions deserve support as the needs of children should be given ______ to.

A. priority       B. preference

C. privilege       D. promotion

 

Sarah is _______ all kinds of flowers, which is always considered as a regrettable thing by her husband.

A. curious about      B. fond of

C. satisfied with      D. allergic to

 

Researchers have been determined to ______ how bird flu spreads from human to human worldwide.

A. turn out       B. figure out

C. pick out       D. check out

 

单词拼写

根据首字母或汉语提示写出单词的正确形式。

1. Her idea seems a little a________, so we don’t understand it.

2. He has no children so he a________ an orphan 2 months ago.

3. It’s urgent that we improve our ability to p________ earthquakes.

4. He a________ to escape from the prison,but he couldn’t find anybody to help him.

5. The s________ of the trees grew longer as the afternoon went on.

6. The teacher has lost ________ (信任) in the naughty boy.

7. He was charged with ____________ (拥有) a shotgun without a license.

8. Their ________ (目标) is to buy a villa of their own in two years.

9. His performance was absolutely ________ (极好的).

10. It was clearly ________ (明显的) that the boss of the company was in serious financial difficulties.

 

短文改错

假定英语课上老师要求同桌之间交换修改作文,请你修改你同桌写的以下作文。文中共有10处语言错误,每句中最多有两处。错误涉及一个单词的增加、删除或修改。

增加:在缺词处加一个漏词符号(∧),并在其下面写出该加的词。

删除:把多余的词用斜线(\)划掉。

修改:在错的词下划一横线,并在该词下面写出修改后的词。

注意:

1. 每处错误及其修改均仅限一词;

2. 只允许修改10处,多者(从第11处起)不计分。

Alice, my best friend, devotes many energy to her lessons. She is always one of the top student in our class. She loves the music so much that she made it a rule to enjoy songs in her spare time. Alice is always willing to help other, and she often helps us with our lessons. As a volunteer, she has successful organized some voluntary activities. We paid a visit a nursing home last month, so we picked up rubbish near our school. That we did was warmly welcomed. Win honour for our school, Alice is admired by our classmates.

 

完形填空

阅读下面短文,从短文后各题所给的A、B、C、和D四个选项中,选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项。

    Last weekend I decided to treat myself to relaxation by reading a magazine. As usual, I looked through the front pages of 1 women wearing designer clothes with ads promising it to be "Best of the Best". I read the ad. 2 ,  instead of offering advice on how to live well, the entire article 3 expensive treatments that slow the effects of getting older while fooling others into thinking you stay young naturally. What? Is that even 4 ?

You may have already guessed—I seldom make up,5 buy a few creams for my skin, and wear only one or two pieces of 6 . Instead, given the choice I spend my money on travel, learning experiences, fun and a few causes I support. Fortunately, my husband Thom not only likes me this way, 7 he's the same as well. 8 comes naturally to us because we both prefer 9 experiences.

There was a TV show in the 1980's called Fernando's Hideaway. Regardless of whom the host Fernando was 10 in the show, he would always say, "You 11 marvelous(棒极了)!"And that was usually followed by, "As we all know, it's 12 to look marvelous than feel marvelous. "I knew everyone used to laugh at that show because what made it so ridiculous was how it pointed out the obvious 13 of grasping for outside appearances, 14 real feelings.

Some women out there might be telling themselves, "I 15 possibly feel good if I don't look good. "Really? Your life is 16 to feel good to you. We can control the way we feel by controlling our thoughts. Instead of 17 outside circumstances to bring about responses in us and make us happy or not, we can put our time, attention and resources on 18 can affect inside. No one else knows your reason for being happy. You do. Your happiness 19 you to it. When you travel along your 20 to joy, your conversation is of joy; your feelings are of joy—you're on the right way.

1. A.casual    B.special    C.ordinary   D.attractive

2. A.Unfortunately   B.Frequently   C.Hopefully   D.Fortunately

3. A.focused on   B.left out    C.commented on  D.made out

4. A.necessary    B.possible   C.convenient   D.essential

5. A.never    B.often    C.usually    D.just

6. A.clothing    B.jewelry    C.decoration   D.furniture

7. A.and     B.yet    C.but    D.although

8. A.Happiness   B.Tiredness   C.Beauty    D.Fortune

9. A.common    B.cultural    C.traveling   D.quality

10. A.performing   B.requiring   C.interviewing   D.working

11. A.look    B.sound    C.smell    D.feel

12. A.worse    B.better    C.less    D.funnier

13. A.puzzle    B.mistake   C.idea    D.progress

14. A.more than   B.less than   C.rather than   D.other than

15. A.mustn't    B.couldn't   C.needn't    D.daren't

16. A.supposed   B.permitted   C.requested   D.promised

17. A.letting    B.allowing   C.recommending  D.preventing

18. A.which    B.that    C.what    D.why

19. A.guides    B.sends    C.misleads   D.applies

20. A.mind    B.reason    C.time    D.path

 

B

French writer Frantz Fanon once said: "To speak a language is to take on a world, a culture." Since the world changes every day, so does our language.

More than 300 new words and phrases have recently made it into the online Oxford Dictionary, and in one way or another they are all reflections of today’s changing world.

After a year that was politically unstable, it’s not hard to understand the fact that people’s political views are one of the main drives of our expanding vocabulary. One example is "clicktivism", a compound of "click" and "activism". It refers to "armchair activists" — people who support a political or social cause, but only show their support from behind a computer or smartphone. And "otherize" is a verb for "other" that means to alienate (使疏远)people who are different from ourselves — whether that be different skin color, religious belief or sexuality.

Lifestyle is also changing our language. For example, "fitspiration" — a compound of fit and inspiration — refers to a person or thing that encourages one to exercise and stay fit and healthy.

The phrase "climate refugee" — someone who is forced to leave their home due to climate change—reflects people’s concern for the environment.

According to Stevenson, social media was the main source for the new expressions. "People feel much freer to coin their own words these days," he said.

But still, not all newly-invented words get the chance to make their way into a mainstream (主流的) dictionary. If you want to create your own hit words, Angus Stevenson, Oxford Dictionaries head of content development, suggests that you should not only make sure that they are expressive (有表现力的) and meaningful, but also have an attractive sound so that people will enjoy saying them out loud.

1. What is the article mainly about?

A. Some new word that got included into the online Oxford Dictionary.

B. The application of new words and phrases.

C. How a language mirrors the changing world.

D . The impact of social media on our language.

2.The underlined word "coin" in the second-to-last paragraph probably means            .

A. use   B. record    C. change    D. create

3.How is the article mainly written?

A. By giving examples.    

B. By making comparisons.

C. By following a timeline.   

D. By presenting research findings.

4.According to Stevenson, to make the words you invent popular, they should            .

A. be easy to remember    

B. have unique meanings

C. reflect the changing world   

D. be meaningful, expressive and catchy

 

A

A(2017·新课标全国卷)

Some of the world’s most famous musicians recently gathered in Paris and New Orleans to celebrate the first annual International Jazz Day. UNESCO( United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization) recently set April 30 as a day to raise awareness of jazz music, its significance, and its potential as a unifying(联合) voice across cultures.

Despite the celebrations, though, in the U.S. the jazz audience continues to shrink and grow older, and the music has failed to connect with younger generations.

It’s Jason Moran’s job to help change that. As the Kennedy Center’s artistic adviser for jazz, Moran hopes to widen the audience for jazz, make the music more accessible, and preserve its history and culture.

"Jazz seems like it’s not really a part of the American appetite," Moran tells National Public Radio’s reporter Neal Conan. "What I’m hoping to accomplish is that my generation and younger start to reconsider and understand that jazz is not black and write anymore. It’s actually color, and it’s actually digital."

Moran says one of the problems with jazz today is that the entertainment aspect of the music has been lost. "The music can’t be presented today the way it was in 1908 or 1958. It has to continue to move, because the way the world works is not the same," says Moran.

Last year, Moran worked on a project that arranged Fats Waller’s music for a dance party, "just to kind of put it back in the mind that Waller is dance music as much as it is concert music," says Moran. "For me, it’s the recontextualization. In music, where does the emotion(情感) lie? Are we, as humans, gaining any insight(感悟) on how talk about ourselves and how something as abstract as a Charlie Parker record gets us into a dialogue about our emotions and our thoughts? Sometimes we lose sight that the music has a wider context," says Moran, "so I want to continue those dialogues. Those are the things I want to foster."

1.Why did UNESCO set April 30 as International Jazz Day?

A. To remember the birth of jazz.    

B. To protect cultural diversity.

C. To encourage people to study music.   

D. To recognize the value of jazz.

2.What does the underlined word "that" in paragraph 3 refer to?

A. Jazz becoming more accessible.

B. The production of jazz growing faster.

C. Jazz being less popular with the young.

D. The jazz audience becoming larger.

3.What can we infer about Moran’s opinion on jazz?

A. It will disappear gradually.     

B. It remains black and white.

C. It should keep up with the times.    

D. It changes every 50 years.

4.Which of the following can be the best title for the text?

A. Exploring the Future of Jazz    

B. The Rise and Fall of Jazz

C. The Story of a Jazz Musician    

D. Celebrating the Jazz Day

 

Usually before exams, students ______ two minutes to write down their names.

A. are given         B. were given  

C. gave          D. give

 

—You didn’t wait for Tom yesterday.

  —Yes, but we ______. He didn’t come.

A. needn’t have           B. didn’t need to   

C. could have           D. should have

 

The headmaster will not permit the change in the course, nor ______ it a thought.

A. does he even given          B. he even gives    

C. will he even give            D. he will even given

 

We got up early for fear that we ______ miss the early bus.

A. could              B. should          C. will           D. can

 

I ______ have watched that movie it will give me horrible dreams.

A. needn’t            B. shouldn’t    

C. couldn’t             D. mustn’t

 

The film was so moving that we all burst into tears. Never before       seen a film like that.

A. had I                  B. I had           

C. have I                D. I have

 

______ a little earlier, you could have got a copy of his latest book.

A. If you would arrive        B. If you arrived   

C. Should you arrive        D. Had you arrived

 

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