Before leaving his job in Brooklyn, Brian Peter had one thing he wanted to do on his last day-say thank you to the city he loves. Peter decided to use the money he made for a day’s work, as well as the $10 per year he earned for his service, to give back to his community.

“I've got nothing but good things from the city and the citizens,” Peter said. “I take what I make in a day and add that $120 that the police association was going to give me, and I’ll just add it up to $500 and get some gift cards for people.”

So after fourteen years’ serving as a police officer, Peter spent his last day doing that. Using his own money, Peter purchased five gift cards from Target and five gift cards from the grocery chain Cub Foods worth $ 50 each and handed them out to strangers in Brooklyn Center.

It took him about two hours to give away the cards and that he could put smiles on a lot of people’s faces, including one woman he stopped after noticing the condition of her car. “Her car was really old and really damaged. I saw her windshield wipers were stuck in the up position,” Peter recalled. “I explained what I was doing and gave her a gift card, and immediately, she lit up with a smile.”

Once people overcame the initial shock of what he was doing, Peter said he received a lot more hugs that day. Monique Drier, who stayed with Peter, said Peter has always wanted to give back and didn’t really want the attention. “He didn’t even have a going-away party,” Drier said.

Peter, who started his new job three days ago, said he still wanted to continue giving back to the community. “Community service is extremely important, and when you’re fortunate in life, you should give back to others who aren’t as fortunate as you,” Peter said. “That’s what makes the world go round.”

1.We can learn from the passage that Peter______.

A. decided to retire from his position as a police officer

B. was interested in making friends with some strangers

C. showed his kindness to strangers before leaving his job

D. earned ten dollars a year for his service as a police officer

2.The woman in a car is mentioned in the passage in order to show____.

A. how Peter’s gift card influenced her attitude

B. how Peter added happiness into others’ daily life

C. how Peter found others in trouble and helped them

D. how Peter received hugs from those who were grateful

3.How does Peter think the world can go round according to the passage?

A. By involving other in community service.

B. By sharing what we have with the unfortunate.

C. By giving rewards to those who help others.

D. By offering new jobs to unfortunate people.

4.What is the main idea of this passage?

A. A police officer knew how to cheer up people in trouble.

B. Peter spent his last day giving gift cards to strangers.

C. The best way to help a community can be learnt from Peter.

D. Peter returned what he earned in his work to the police station.


A British friend told me he couldn’t understand why Chinese people love eating sunflower seeds as a snack so much “I’ve met a lot of older Chinese and many have a crack in their front teeth; I believe that’s from cracking the seeds,” he said.

I had never noticed the habit, but once he mentioned it, I suddenly became more aware. I realized that whenever I’m watching TV or typing a report, I always start mindlessly cracking sunflower seeds. My friend doesn’t like sunflower seeds, and, to him, it seems unnecessary to work so much just to get one small seed.

When we were young, the whole family would usually get together for Chinese New Year. Then, we all lived close to one another, usually in a small city, and sometime even neighbors would go door-to-door on Chinese New Year’s Eve to check out what every household was making.

I remember my parents would be in the kitchen cooking. Out in the living room , a large table would already be laid out, complete with fancy tablecloth, ready-made dumping fillings, and dishes full of candy, fruits and sunflower seeds.

Some of the dishes were to be offered to our ancestors later, while others were for neighbors and children to eat be-fore the evening feast. I must have learned how to crack sunflower seeds back then.

I don’t think it’s right to criticize one’s choice in food or eating habits, no matter how strange they may seem.

It’s not only in China. When I went abroad, I found people had all sorts of strange habits when it came to food. In Denmark, they put salted red fish on bread and eat it for dinner, no matter how much it ruins your breath. They think it’s a delicacy, and it’s connected to their culture. I think it’s a wonderful tradition.

1.What did the writer become aware of?

A. She had ever typed a report about seeds.

B. She are various snacks while watching TV.

C. She had a habit of cracking sunflower seeds.

D. She damaged her teeth by eating sunflower seeds.

2.What does the writer prove by mentioning Chinese New Year?

A. The traditions of celebrating it disappear.

B. Children can eat delicious food on that day

C. The families get together for it.

D. Eating sunflower seeds is related to it.

3.The writer’s to Denmark’s way of eating bread is______.

A. acceptable    B. critical

C. neutral    D. doubtful

4.What lesson can we learn from the story?

A. One kind of food doesn’t necessarily suit everyone.

B. Eating habits come from a certain culture.

C. It is good to form healthy eating habits.

D. Changing your eating habits will change your life.


Spain Environmental Project

Full Description

Greenheart Travel? Casita Verde (Green House) is an incredible eco-center situated in a beautiful valley near the village of San Jose, Ibiza. This great Mediterranean island is renowned for its rich culture and incredible scenery. Casita Verde is considered an experiential eco-education center, and showcases the best practices for sustainable living and alternative energies. The center includes almost 14 acres of working farm land created to demonstrate ecological development powered by wind and sun energy.

How You Will Make a Difference:

—Maintain and improve the farm facilities

—Install an alternative energy system

—Promote environmental awareness among visitors

—Cook delicious, organic meals for visitors

—Learn farming that emphasizes the use of renewable natural resources and the enrichment of local ecosystem

Assist with Sunday community visit/meals

Dates: Flexible dates available

Duration: 1 to 12 weeks

Cost Details: fee includes: housing, fool, medical insurance, in-country staff support, pre-departure orienta-tion, in-country orientation, 24-hour emergency contact

A Great Opportunity for: Teens/Professionals

Skills Needed/Experience

Participants should have an active interest in environmental studies/ecology, and strong desire to contribute to the international effort to protect the environment. Those who are interested in it must have extensive hands-on conservation experience and be willing to live rustically(淳朴地)in an alternative community. Some knowledge of Spanish is helpful but not required.

1.What do we know about Casita Verde?

A. It covers about 14 acres in size.

B. It is powered by renewable resources.

C. It is the center of a beautiful valley.

D. It develops its unique culture.

2.What can you do in Casita Verde?

A. Teach visitors how to grow organic plants.

B. Help the local promote environmental awareness.

C. Prepare organic meals for visitors on Sunday.

D. Make research into an alternative energy system.

3.Who are the intended readers of the text?

A. Travelers.    B. Famers.

C. Workers.    D. Volunteers.



1. 感谢的人或事物;

2. 感谢的原因;

3. 你的美好愿望。

注意:1.词数100左右 字。 2.不得透露个人信息及感谢人信息


Dear ___________,










Li Hua


    增加:在缺词处加一个漏字符号(), 并在此符号下面写出该加的词。
    删除:把多余的词用斜线( \)划掉。
    修改:在错的词下划一横线, 并在该词下面写出修改后的词。
          2、只允许修改10处, 多者(从第11处起) 不计分。

Last month our school held a Reading Week, which aim was to encourage the students to reading widely. During the week, book lovers recommended a plenty of good books suitable for high school students. In addition, two famous writers are invited to give lectures on how to understand and appreciate literary work. The poetry recitation contest was another amazed activity for the students to bring his talent into full play. All the contestants took turns read their favorite poems to the audience. We all find the Reading Week very beneficially. It has not only enriched our school life, and also helped us form the habit of reading.


Developed from ideas by Confucius during the Spring and Autumn Period, Confucianism(儒家思想) is a philosophical and ethical (道德的) system 1.has become an influential part of Chinese culture.

Confucianism was first set up by Confucius. And later it 2.(develop) by philosophers (哲学家) ,including Mencius, Dong Zhongshu, Wang Yangming and others. After Confucianism gained a supreme position in the Han dynasty more than 2,0000 years ago, its influence went into all walks of life and all streams of 3.(think) in Chinese society for the generation to come. Its Junzi philosophy has become  4.standard of many Chinese people.

Confucianism means a lot not only to China, but also to the world. Today, mottos from Confucianism 5.(be) frequently used by foreign officials in their 6.(speech) or talks. People around the globe can have access 7.Confucius ideas in Confucius Institutes and Chinese Culture Centers abroad. The institutes and centers serve as non-profit public institutions   8.(help) foreigners better understand China through language teaching and culture introduction.

To date, China has 9.(successful) opened 465 Confucius Institutes in 123 countries and regions. There are also 713 Confucius Classrooms operating in middle and primary schools. Chinese Culture Centers are introducing China by opening training classes, building libraries, and   10.(hold) cultural activities.


I received a call today asking if I would be willing to bring food to a family in need. The mother was having a major operation and would be _______down for several weeks. Of course, I responded with an  ______“Yes!”. As I planned the  ______in my head, I ______ on how many times over the years I had been asked to prepare food. I have done so _____times with a very open heart.

But the truly ______ thing is ______ I have received double over the course of my life. When my mother passed ______, our house was filled with fresh dinners for weeks. A woman from the church of our community stepped by each evening with some food. The gift of _____  was her small way of trying to  ______our pain.

Later in my life, when I was on bed rest during my  ______with twins, women of the ______ again stepped in to help. They arranged babysitting for my two-year-old ______, and brought lovely  _____ to our house. Even when I was put in the hospital, my husband  _____bring cooked meals to my hospital room. How we relied on these dinners to feed my tired husband and young daughter!

Food is all about comfort. It  ______our bodies, but it can also feed our _______ When you hear people talking about their favorite holidays, it usually includes their feelings _______ with sharing food. I know that I will have many more opportunities in my lifetime to  _____food for others. It is truly a gift I want to prepare and ______ to someone in need.

1.A. lying    B. going    C. falling    D. breaking

2.A. active    B. efficient    C. immediate    D. intelligent

3.A. operation    B. meal    C. call    D. supper

4.A. reflected    B. depended    C. relied    D. moved

5.A. few    B. countable    C. countless    D. great

6.A. amazing    B. confusing    C. disappointing    D. discouraging

7.A. what    B. when    C. whether    D. that

8.A. by    B. over    C. away    D. down

9.A. visit    B. food    C. supper        D. bread

10.A. give    B. cure    C. ease    D. dull[

11.A. holiday    B. pregnancy    C. operation    D. life

12.A. hospital    B. church    C. community    D. neighbors

13.A. daughter    B. son    C. dog    D. cat

14.A. books    B. pens    C. dogs    D. dinners

15.A. would    B. should    C. could    D. might

16.A. gives    B. feeds    C. keeps    D. improves

17.A. babies    B. stomachs    C. souls    D. hearts

18.A. connected    B. dotted    C. dealt    D. marked

19.A. leave    B. buy    C. post    D. prepare

20.A. past    B. sell    C. lend    D. deliver


Not all students know how to prepare for exams.  1.  With teachers’ help, students can prepare for exams much better, thus doing better in exams. Here are some ways that teachers can use to help students prepare for exams.

2.  With lower-grade students, create a list of topics that they need to study. Higher-grade students can still benefit from a list, even if it’s a list of all the topics they’ve studied that year. That’s because a list gives them something to check off. Throughout your review time, encourage students to mark their topic list, crossing off things that they already know and highlighting or putting a star beside things they need to study.

3.Don’t just stand in front of the class and try to review everything. Instead, students should be the ones looking up things in their notes and trying to remember how to solve problems. The more actively involved the students are, the more focused they will be, and the more they will remember.

involve more deeply in the material.   4.  After that, have them exchange with another student and take each other’s quiz. Finally they are to grade the quiz they wrote and discuss any wrong answers with the student who took their quiz.

Have students write quizzes for each other. When students write their own quiz questions, they Give students a practice exam.  5. Usually on the last review day, I will give a practice exam—a short, ungraded test that has similar questions as what will be tested in the exam. We then go over it during the second half of the class. It’s really helpful.

A. Have the students work, not yourself.

B. Remember to try to review everything.

C. So have them write a 5-10-question quiz.

D. Give students similar questions before the exam.

E. It means teachers should help students prepare for exams.

F. Give students a list of topics that could be tested in the exam.

G. This is a great way to help students know how prepared they are.


A Dream Realized

Zhao Yang, 33, an employee of a French company in Beijing, who has traveled extensively in the United States by motorbike.

I have been addicted to Harley-Davidson motorcycles since I was young, and knowing that motorcycle-related culture is very popular in the US, I decided to take a trip. Along with my wife and a group of fellow enthusiasts, I participated in a 15-day tour in October last year. We had one free day, so I headed to Las Vegas.

Before arriving in the US, I researched a range of materials about riding a motorbike there. I also found some classic recommended routes on Chinese websites related to Harley Davidson clubs.

With the help of their suggestions, I designed my own route.

In accordance with the rules, before I left China I visited a notary office (公证机关), where my driving license was confirmed as acceptable in the US and my documents were translated into English. Only then did I buy my basic motorcycle equipment.

When we arrived at Las Vegas, we rented a Harley Davidson and rode around the city. It was an exciting, unforgettable experience, because it was not only the achievement of a dream, but I also experienced the regional motorcycle culture in the US. As we parked the bike at the roadside, some drivers rolled down their car windows and gave us the thumbs-up, and when we drove on the road, car drivers pulled over to let us pass. We also visited a motorcycle-themed restaurant for lunch and enjoyed the fantastic decoration and delicious food.

I believe that traveling by motorcycle in the US will become popular because of the recent joint efforts to promote Sino-US tourism, especially after the two countries decided to name 2016 as US-China Tourism Year. This new style of traveling will attract more young Chinese tourists, and people like me, who have a passion for freedom and adventure, will visit the US more frequently. For example, I am planning to travel along the famous highway called Route 66 with friends during next year's Spring Festival.

If travel agencies and governments can promote the need for motorcyclists to obtain accurate information before they head to the US - such as the required documents, how to rent a motorbike and local traffic laws - "riding the range" will become a safe and great way to spend a vacation.

1.Zhao Yang’s childhood dream was to ______.

A. become a professional motorcyclist

B. travel in Harley-Davidson motorcycles

C. take a trip in the USA along with his wife

D. travel to work on a fashionable motorcycle

2.To prepare for the motorcycle trip in the USA, Zhao Yang ______.

A. made various research and checked his driving license

B. took the suggestions given and chose the classic route

C. joined one of the Harley Davidson clubs and got suggestions

D. took lots of health examinations and bought some equipment

3.How did Zhao Yang feel when driving in Las Vegas?

A. disturbed    B. disappointed

C. depressed    D. excited

4.Zhao Yang thinks that traveling by motorcycle in the US will ______.

A. enjoy much popularity with Sino-US tourism

B. obtain less American fans in motorcycle travel

C. get less support from the modern motorcyclists

D. meet more challenge with the information gap


Martha Graham, born in 1894, was one of the most famous dancers and creators of dance, whose influence on dance has been compared with the influence Picasso had on the modern visual arts, Stravinsky had on music, or Frank Lloyd Wright had on architecture. She created almost two hundred dance pieces. She is often called the Mother of Modern Dance.

Earlier in her life, however, Martha did not know that she would become a dancer. At that time, the dancers were looked down on. So Martha's parents didn't approve of her desire to dance at the beginning. Until 1916, she began her studies at the newly created Denishawn School of Dancing and Related Arts, founded by Ruth St. Denis and Ted Shawn, where Graham worked very hard to improve her ability to dance because she was considered too old to begin dancing.

In 1936, Graham made her defining work, "Chronicle”, which signaled the beginning of a new era in modern dance. The dance brought serious issues to the stage for the general public in a dramatic manner. Influenced by the Wall Street Crash of 1929, the Great Depression that followed, and the Spanish Civil War, it focused on depression and isolation, reflected in the dark nature of both the set and costumes.(服装)

Graham continued to dance past the age of seventy. Once again, she was met with criticism from people who came to watch her shows. But she didn't give up. Her last completed ballet was 1990's Maple Leaf Rag. "A Dancer's World" is an introduction to Graham and her work. She tells about her dances and her dance group shows some of their methods.

Martha Graham received many awards during her lifetime, including the Presidential Medal of Freedom in nineteen seventy-six. She was the first dancer to receive the country's highest civilian  honor. She died in 1991 at the age of ninety-six. In 1998, Time magazine listed her as the "Dancer of the Century" and as one of the most important people of the twentieth century.

1.Some famous artists mentioned in Paragraph 1 show Martha Graham________ .

A. was influenced greatly by them

B. kept in touch with them regularly

C. had a great effect on modern dance

D. liked to make more friends with them

2.Why didn't Martha's parents approve of her desire to dance at first?

A. She was too old to learn American dance.

B. American dance was seen as a lower art form.

C. There was no academic school to teach dancing.

D. Her family was too poor to afford her tuition.

3.When Martha Graham continued to dance in her 70s, she_________.

A. was warmly welcomed by the youth

B. achieved huge success once again[

C. received many awards for her age

D. was attacked by people

4.The text is mainly about___________.

A. the background of modern dance in America

B. the development of modern dance in America

C. Martha Graham and her achievements in dance

D. the awards Martha Graham won in her life


China has more than 30 intangible cultural heritage(非物质文化遗产) recognized by the UNESCO, including paper-cutting, the Dragon Boat Festival, Peking Opera, acupuncture(针灸) and so on. The organization adopted a decision that China’s “The Twenty-Four Solar Terms”(二十四节气) should be put on the Representative List of the Intangible Cultural Heritage of Humanity in 2016 in Ethiopia.

The Twenty-Four Solar Terms, knowledge of time and practices in agriculture, starts from the beginning of Spring and ends with the Greater Cold, moving in cycles. It developed through thee observation of the sun’s annual movement in China. In ancient time, the method of tugui, earth sundial(日暑), was used to measure the shadow of the sun for determining the solar terms.

The Twenty-Four Solar Terms came into being and developed in close relationship with Chinese agricultural production. At the initial(最初的) stage of agricultural development, people began to explore the seasonal rules in the agricultural production to meet the needs in seeding, harvesting and other activities. Gradually, they formed the concept of “seed in spring, grow in summer, harvest in autumn and store in winter”. During the spring and autumn periods, the agricultural production was highly influenced by the seasonal changes, thus forming the concept of Solar Terms.

As a traditional Chinese knowledge system of time with a history of thousands of years, the Twenty-Four Solar Terms clearly expresses the concepts of respect for nature, and harmony between man and nature. Created by Chinese ancestors, it has functioned as a complete set of weather calendar(日历) to guide the agricultural production in China. It has also been introduced into North Korea, Japan and other neighboring countries and still used in Japan. The Chinese heritage has provably influenced the people’s way of thinking and behaving and will continue to be an important carrier of Chinese cultural identity.

1.According to the first two paragraphs, the Twenty-Four Solar Terms______.

A. was used to measure the shadow of the sun

B. has not been listed as one intangible cultural heritage of humanity

C. repeats from the Beginning of Spring to the Greater Cold every year

D. is the best intangible cultural heritage recognized by the UNESCO

2.We can learn from the text that _______ in China in the past.

A. the Twenty-Four Solar Terms only influenced spring and autumn

B. the Twenty-Four Solar Terms had something to do with agriculture

C. people cared about the changes of weather just for fun

D. agricultural production highly influenced the seasonal changes

3.We can infer from the text that the Twenty-Four Solar Terms _______.

A. is an agricultural calendar merely used in China

B. is strongly influenced by North Korea and Japan

C. is scarcely connected with natural rules

D. is part of traditional Chinese culture


If you frequently travel for business,Staybridge Suites offer you a range of home comforts.Four recent visitors to Staybridge Suites explain why they booked,what they enjoyed and what made them want to return.

Claire Metcalf

“The concept is great,but the staff are the ones who really make it.”she says.“It takes a lot of discipline to always be friendly,but the staff at Staybridge Suites do that.They genuinely care about you.”

Andrew Roberts

“One of the best things is having my own kitchen.I often end up working late and I don’t fancy(喜欢) eating in a restaurant on my own,so cooking for myself is a big drawcard.”

“The main thing for me is being able to cook and have my own little flat.The staff are amazing.It is great to be recognized by them,”he says.

Pauline Robinson

“What I love about it is the way that you are treated by the staff,”she says.“Some of the staff have been there all that time and they do look after you well.As a woman staying on my own,it is reassuring that they look out for you,and recently when I was poorly depressed they even brought things I needed to my room.”

Ryan Ruckledge

“The fully-equipped kitchen is great.I always have a one-bed apartment so I have a separate kitchen and dining room and I’m able to relax and cook some meals.Eating out can feel a bit much when you do it day in and day out—it makes you hate what you do—and I don’t want that.”

1.What attracts visitors to Staybridge Suites?

A. A separate dining room.    B. A one—bed apartment.

C. A home from home.    D. A lot of discipline.

2.Who think highly of the kitchen of Staybridge Suites?

A. Pauline Robinson and Ryan Ruckledge.

B. Ryan Ruckledge and Claire Metcalf.

C. Andrew Roberts and Ryan Ruckledge.

D. Pauline Robinson and Claire Metcalf.

3.What does the underlined word“drawcard”in Paragraph 3 probably mean?

A. barrier.    B. attraction.

C. honour.    D. difficulty.

4.Why does the author write the article?

A. To advertise Staybridge Suites.

B. To introduce four recent visitors.

C. To inform us of a new service.

D. To sing high praise for the staff.








Dear Mr Roy,

I'm glad to know that you are going to hold a seven-day summer camp called "Walking into the World-famous Campus".








Yours sincerely,

Li Hua








It's well known what health is important to us.But what should we do to keep health?Firstly,we should get up early and then eat food,drink a lot of waters and exercise more.Food can give our energy.Doing sports can made us strong.Secondly,we should change clothes and wash hands often.Also,we should do cleaning and keep air in the house fresh and clean to stop germs(细菌)from get into our bodies.Especial,don't keep long fingernails.For last,we had better to go to see a doctor if we don't feel comfortable.


Laura went to the stable(马厩).Four horses stood there.She put a saddle on Star,a big and brown horse.Her sister,Janice,1.(choose) Moon,a white horse.They were both going to exercise the horses.

It was a2.(sun) day.They got on the horses and started walking3.(they).Some minutes later,Laura was telling Janice about the doctor4.was new to her hospital.She raised her hand for5.second to speak.Just then, Star bucked.Laura went flying into the air.She landed on her head and shoulder on the grass.

"Oh,my God!"Janice cried,"Laura,are you all right?"Janice6.(gentle) rolled her over.She didn't see any blood.  "That's good,"she thought.

"Can you move?You're not paralyzed(瘫痪的)anywhere,are you?"Janice pulled Laura up into a sitting position. Laura slightly moved her legs and7.(arm).When she moved her right hand to touch her head,she groaned(呻吟).

Janice asked Laura8.was the matter."When I moved my arm,it hurt."Laura answered.They still didn't see any blood.Janice unbuttoned Laura's blouse9.looked at her right collarbone."Oh,no,"Janice shouted,"You're seriously 10.(injure)."And then she sent Laura to the new doctor as soon as possible.


Every morning,when I'm on my way to work,I see people who are homeless,sleeping in doorways and on sidewalks.They're clearly in____of help.I feel very sad to____this,and most people walk by,____they don't exist and don't offer any help at all,not____a word.

Recently,it has been extremely____in Vancouver,Canada,which makes things very____for the homeless.

I usually arrive at my____around 8 am.Those homeless people in the area are trying to____in cold weather,so sometimes I'm not sure whether it's a good idea to leave something for them while sleeping,as it may get____.

Today,I____someone,who seemed to be homeless,sitting on the sidewalk,awake.I had a little bit of time ____ started work,so I rushed out across the____to ask if I could get anything for him to drink or eat.He didn't want a coffee or warm drink,____a soft rink,a Cola,so I went and got this for him,along with a banana.

Then I went back to my office across the street to____a bag that I packed with items like a hat,a toothbrush, snacks,hand warmers and so on.I had been planning to give the____someone in need.I____back outside to give it to the stranger,who was very____.

Society may feel____with homeless people,but we must remember that they're just like us,human beings,who are just down on their luck for certain____.It could be your father,mother,brother,sister or friend.If we____to help someone in need,we can truly make our world better.

1.A. place    B. need    C. memory    D. praise

2.A. see    B. expect    C. hear    D. understand

3.A. telling    B. guessing    C. pretending    D. promising

4.A. still    B. only    C. just    D. even

5.A. hot    B. Cold    C. cool    D. warm

6.A. weak    B. obvious    C. easy    D. difficult

7.A. shop    B. home    C. office    D. school

8.A. sleep    B. stand    C. wake    D. sit

9.A. trapped    B. stolen    C. sought    D. paid

10.A. spotted    B. missed    C. consulted    D. realized

11.A. if    B. after    C. before    D. though

12.A. bridge    B. market    C. door    D. street

13.A. but    B. or    C. and    D. so

14.A. wipe    B. buy    C. get    D. collect

15.A. banana    B. bag    C. hat    D. snack

16.A. looked    B. called    C. held    D. hurried

17.A. puzzled    B. grateful    C. angry    D. sad

18.A. pleased    B. dishonest    C. uncomfortable    D. helpful

19.A. reasons    B. purposes    C. illnesses    D. benefits

20.A. turn out    B. look out    C. give out    D. reach out


Most travelers face the language difficulty in Italy nowadays.1.There are a few things that you should know before you step out of the airport.

There's no such thing as "Italian food".

In Italy each area has its own personality,its own dialect,and its own food.2.Get to know what's Produced locally and what's in season,and you'll be eating the freshest and best of what that area has to offer.


Most Italians pay for things on a day-to-day basis with cash from their morning coffee to dinner.Those of you who have grown used to paying for milk and bread at the grocery store with a card find it very difficult to travel.

The waiter isn't being rude when he leaves you alone to eat.

In Italy,after your meal is served,you may not see the waiter at your table again until it's time to clear your plates.This is not the waiter being rude.4.

An empty restaurant doesn't mean the place is bad.

Many times I've gone into restaurants in Italy at what I thought was dinner time only to find the place nearly empty.5.The dinner hour in many cities doesn't start until at least 8 pm.Many restaurants in bigger cities and towns will be open earlier than that,but the earlier opening time isn't for the locals.It's for visitors.

A.Cash is king in Italy.

B.Trains are always late in Italy.

C.Later,I learned Italians eat late.

D.If so,traveling to Italy can be an attractive experience.

E.However,it's still a very easy and comfortable country to visit.

F.This is the waiter letting you enjoy your meal as long as you want.

G.It's a shock to those of you who think you've already known what Italian food is.


You've probably heard of sheepdogs that guard sheep.But on a small island off the coast of Australia,these specially trained little dogs protect fairy penguins from foxes.About 800 little blue penguins,once nested on Australia's Middle Island.They are the smallest species of penguin in the world.By 2015,there were fewer than 10 left on the island.

The problem started when people brought red foxes to Australia in the 1800s.The foxes made their way to Middle Island and began killing off penguins and other native wildlife.Local officials wondered what could be done.

In 2014,a local farmer named Allan Marsh had an idea.He advised training Maremma sheepdogs to protect the penguins.At that time,Marsh was using the dogs on his farm to guard his chickens from foxes.At first,local officials said no to the plan because they didn't think it would work.But they changed their minds when the penguins had almost completely disappeared."The powers wouldn't listen to me until it got down to six penguins,"Marsh told The New York Times.

The first sheepdog went to work on Middle Island in 2016,and dogs have been on duty ever since.The dogs bark at and go after foxes to frighten them away.Thanks to the sheepdogs,the number of fairy penguins on Middle Island has increased.Today,close to 200 penguins live on the island.In fact,officials report that no penguin has been killed since the dogs were on the job.

Eudy and Tula,the two dogs guarding Middle Island,are now 8 years old They are almost ready to retire(退休). Local groups are trying to raise $ 25,000 needed to buy and train two new pups.

1.How many little penguins are living on the island now?

A. Fewer than 10.    B. About 200.

C. About 800.    D. More than 25,000.

2.Why did the little penguins almost completely disappear?

A. Local officials didn't support the protection plan.

B. People destroyed their living environment.

C. The dogs couldn't protect them.

D. The red foxes hunted them.

3.What new problem will the penguins he faced with?

A. There are too many of them on the island.

B. They will disappear on Middle Island soon.

C. The two new pups won't he trained.

D. The dogs are too old to guard them.

4.From the text,we can learn that      .

A. sheepdogs can really protect penguins on Middle Island

B. local officials didn't agree with Marsh's plan finally

C. the first sheepdog appeared on Middle Island in 2006

D. sheepdogs only guard sheep and chickens


The sleepover(通宵派对)is so common in America.Usually,it reminds us of images of girls in clean nightclothes,having pillow fights,doing makeup and gossiping.I'll say this now:most sleepovers are like that,but mine usually aren't.I've never been that girl as a child,so I have never really found doing makeup interesting,but there are some ways of sleepovers that stay the same.Let's take a closer look.

Usually,the activities start in the late afternoon.Girls show up carrying a sleeping bag and a pillow.After all the guests arrive,it's usually time to have dinner.Even though it differs,the most common food for sleepovers is pizza.

My friends and I usually go back to my room and start our crazy activities.Sometimes we have a dance party, sometimes we play games on the Internet,and other times we play role-playing games,which is my favorite thing to do as a child.My friends and I are all movie lovers,so sometimes we will pretend to be characters from a favorite movie.It's pretty clownish,but it was a very unforgettable part of my childhood.

When it gets to be past one o'clock in the morning,most of the girls are sleepy already but we usually keep doing whatever we are doing.Most of us end up falling asleep at around 5.

The sleepover is a great experience for girls.While the activities are different,the feelings are still the same.We all experience happiness and excitement.Sleepovers are fun because we get to be with our friends,which is the most important thing.

1.Which of the following things do most American girls usually do in the sleepover?

A. Watch TV.    B. Take schoolbags out.

C. Sleep all night.    D. Do pillow fights.

2.What was her favorite activity when the author was a kid?

A. Playing role-playing games.    B. Having dance parties.

C. Surfing the Internet.    D. Eating pizza.

3.What does the underlined word "clownish" in Paragraph 3 probably mean?

A. Unbelievable.    B. Boring.

C. Valuable    D. Silly.

4.In the sleepover,the most important thing for the author is      .

A. having different feelings    B. tasting delicious pizza

C. being with her friends    D. relaxing herself


Here are the latest events happening in Greenwich.

Blood drive

On Wednesday from 8 am to1 pm at the Greenwich Hospital,the Red Cross will host a blood drive.Donors(捐赠者)with all blood types are needed,especially types O and AB.For more information,download the Red Cross Blood Donor App and visit

Thanksgiving for old people

On Wednesday from noon to 2 pm at the First Presbyterian Church of Greenwich,there will be a Thanksgiving dinner open to all Greenwich old people.Volunteers will cook a full Thanksgiving menu and also serve meals to the old.Transportation is available upon request.Free event at 203-637-1807 by Nov.19.

Advent workshop

On Nov.29 from 4 to 6 pm at the Round Hill Community House,Round Hill Church will celebrate the beginning of the workshop that includes dinner and lighting of the Yule Log.Free and open to the public.Bookings are required.To book a spot,call 203-869-1091.

After-school programs for boys and girls

On Nov.30 at the Boys and Girls Club of Greenwich,after-school programs will begin Membership is open to the children who live in Greenwich or whose parents work in Greenwich.Membership fee is $50 every year per resident(居民)child,$150 for non-residents whose parents work in town.For more information,visit

1.Who will probably enjoy Thanksgiving meals at 1:30 pm on Wednesday?

A. The Red Cross Workers.    B. Round Hill Church staff.

C. Greenwich old people.    D. The youth.

2.Which of the following events needs to be booked?

A. Blood drive.

B. Advent workshop.

C. Thanksgiving for old people.

D. After-school programs for boys and girls.

3.How much will you and your sister pay for after-school programs every year if you are resident children?

A. $50.    B. $100.

C. $150.    D. $300.


Andy Pope,a police community support officer for West Midlands Police,in the UK,has come to be known as a memory policeman for his surprising memory,which has helped him successfully recognize over 850 suspects(嫌疑犯)in the last four years.

Every day,Pope arrives at work half an hour early,opens his computer,and scans the pictures of suspects in his computer.He has been doing it even since he joined the West Midlands Police in 2013,and as his brain stores more faces,hrs record of recognizing bad guys keeps getting better.His skill has made him special,and when policemen use up all other possible ways trying to put a name to a suspect's face,they tum to him.

"If you look at a picture enough times,there is usually something that sticks in the mind.Maybe I can't remember what it is at the time,but when I see the person in the flesh,it causes that recognition,"Pope says.He once recognized a robber whose photo he had looked at a year before,and another from a CCTV video,by a tiny mole(痣)on his face.

Andy Pope first attracted the attention of the media in 2017 after recognizing about 250 suspects.But according to a recent ITV report,Pope's record has improved in the last four years.

"I thought I was just normal until inspector Morris told me I was recognizing more people than anyone else," Pope told The Telegraph in 2017."I don't know whether I have a photographic memory.My wife has to deal with things like birthdays.When it comes to remembering dates,I'm useless."

1.If work starts at 8:30,Pope will always reach the West Midlands Police at     .

A. 7:00    B. 7:30

C. 8:00    D. 8:30

2.What is Pope's special skill?

A. Good memory for faces.    B. Good communication ability.

C. Playing with computers    D. Being good at taking photos.

3.What can we learn from the text?

A. Pope can remember anything he has seen.

B. Pope has recognized 250 suspects in total in the past four years.

C. Pope's wife isn't satisfied with him because he is always useless.

D. The suspect with a tiny mole on his face never escaped from Pope's recognition.

4.What may be the best title for the text?

A. A Policeman with Super Memory    B. Policemen and Robbers

C. Policemen in the UK    D. A Happy Life of a Policeman





Dear Mr. Harris,










Li Hua








Dear Mr. Yang,

I am writing to let you know that I needed your help with my English writhing. Which is known to all, grammar plays a very vital part in the writing. But I feel that I have some problems of my grammar. I am afraid that I am not able to identify my specifically errors. I would be grateful if you could point out and correct your mistakes. What is more, I used to the Chinese way of thinking, which stops me organize my writing in a proper way. I am wondering that you could also help me improve the structures of my writing.

I am looking forward to making great progresses under your instruction. Thanks are extended to you in advance!

Yours sincerely,

Li Hua


Dragon Boat Festival, also called Duanwu Festival, is a traditional holiday, which 1. (observe) each year over 2,000 years in China to honor Qu Yuan, an ancient Chinese patriotic(爱国的)poet. Originating from south China, Dragon Boat Festival enjoys higher2.popular) in southern areas, such as Jiangsu, Zhejiang, and Guangdong Provinces. With a history over 2,000 years, it used to be a day3.people would use herbs(药草)to drive away diseases. However, the most popular origin is closely related4.the great poet Qu Yuan in the Warring States Period. Composing masterpieces like Li Sao, he was regarded as one of the greatest5.poem) in Chinese history. After he was exiled(流放)by the king, he had no alternative but to choose to drown6.(he) in the river rather than seeing his country conquered by the State of Qin. He died on the fifth day of the fifth lunar month, which is7.people decided to commemorate(纪念)him on that day8.annual).9.(remember) his death on the fifth day of the fifth lunar month, people celebrate the festival in10.(vary)ways.


An old Grandfather said to his grandson, who came to him with anger at a friend who had done him an injustice, “Let me tell you a(n)_______

“I too, at times, have felt great______for those who have taken so much, with no_______for what they do. But hate______you out, and does not hurt your enemy. It’s like taking poison and wishing your enemy would die. I have______these feelings many times.”

“It is as if there are two______inside me; one is good and does no harm. He lives _____all around him and does not take offense when no offense was intended. He will only______when it is right to do so, and in the right way.”

“But…the other wolf…ah! The littlest thing will send him into a fit of________He fights everyone, all of the time, for no_______ He cannot think because his anger and hate are so great. It is______anger, for his anger will change nothing.”

“Sometimes it is______to live with these two wolves inside me, for both of them try to ____my spirit.”

With great______, the boy looked intently(专注地)into his Grandfather’s eyes asked, “Which one wins, Grandfather?”

The Grandfather smiled and quietly said, “The one I________

You have two sets of feelings; positive feelings and negative feelings. And you know the ____ between the two because one makes you feel good, and the other makes you feel had. You should always remember that it is _____to feel good while having_______thoughts.

When you are feeling good, you must be thinking something good. So you are sending out a powerful frequency that is______back to you more good things that will make you feel good.______those moments when you are feeling good, and milk them. Be aware that as you are feeling good, you are powerfully attracting more good things to you.

1.A. adventure    B. story    C. joke    D. challenge

2.A. hate    B. regret    C. envy    D. tiredness

3.A. delight    B. expectation    C. appreciation    D. sorrow

4.A. beats    B. puts    C. wears    D. breaks

5.A. given out    B. struggled with    C. gone over    D. thought about

6.A. devils    B. pets    C. wolves    D. partners

7.A. in harmony with    B. in company with    C. in partnership with    D. in agreement with

8.A. devote    B. deliver    C. fight    D. offend

9.A. excitement    B. temper    C. happiness    D. laughter

10.A. argument    B. purpose    C. judgement    D. reason

11.A. helpless    B. desperate    C. effortless    D. temporary

12.A. dangerous    B. necessary    C. tough    D. funny

13.A. lift    B. control    C. weaken    D. frighten

14.A. intention    B. courage    C. enthusiasm    D. interest

15.A. feed    B. arrest    C. design    D. resist

16.A. relation    B. difference    C. similarity    D. distance

17.A. immoral    B. impolite    C. impatient    D. impossible

18.A. anxious    B. blank    C. bad    D. narrow

19.A. attracting    B. dragging    C. pushing    D. expecting

20.A. Target    B. Seize    C. Interrupt    D. Experience


If you are a motivated person, it is easy to put your personal goals ahead of those of the people around you. It is natural and not necessarily a bad thing. However, it is crucial t learn to be a team player. Acting as a part of a team builds character, teacher empathy (共鸣), and eventually achieves goals.1.Here’s why:

Group Effort Is More Effective than Individual Effort. You can run a small business pretty independently, but if you ever plan on being employed or running a business that employs others, you’ll have to learn how to work with other people.2.

Improving Others Equals Improving Yourself. If you’re on a team, your personal success helps make you a good team player. This is because most people are at least a little bit competitive, whether they admit it or not. When you do well, you set a standard that others will want to meet. By pushing yourself, you help push the people on your team.3.When you see someone you’re working with do something better than you, more often than not, you’ll push yourself to meet that standard.

Your Attitude Matters4. People respect the ability to work well with others more than anything. Your individual actions have an impact, but if you’re reluctant to do something to help your team, it’ll be evident and your contribution will be less appreciated. Having a genuine interest in your team helps you as well as those you’re working with.

5.As much as your work is important and necessary to the success of your team, the success of your team is important and necessary to your success.

A. Of course, this works both ways

B. These is a mutual(相互的)effect between personal success and team achievement

C. People with team spirit try hard to make their team the best of all

D. You should be the kind of person who wants to be a team player

E. Those who show respect for others will be respected in turn

F. All of these things, in turn, contribute to your personal success

G. The most impressive achievements are accomplished by groups of people, not individuals


Finding time to red is an important part of developing literacy skills for all kids. And there are many easy and convenient ways to make reading a part of each day-even when it’s tough to find time to sit down with a book.

Reading opportunities are everywhere you go. While riding in the car, for example, encourage kids to spot words and letters (on billboards, store signs, etc.), turning it into a game (“Who’ll be the first to find a letter B?”). While shopping, ask your preschooler to “read” pictures on boxes and tell you about them. Point out the difference between the words and the pictures on the boxes. Encourage older kids to tell you what’s on the shopping list.

Even daily tasks like cooking can provide reading moments. You can read recipes aloud to younger kids, and older kids can assist you as your cook by telling you how much flour to measure. Give your child a catalog to read while you sort through the mail. Ask relatives to send your child letters, e-mails, or text messages, and read them together. Help your child create letters or messages to send back to the relatives. These types of activities help kids see the purpose of reading and of print.

Even when you’re trying to get things done, you can encourage reading. While cleaning, for instance, you might ask your child to read a favorite book to you while you work. Younger kids can talk to you about the pictures in the favorite books.

Make sure kids get some time to spend quietly with books, even if it means cutting back on other activities, like watching TV or playing video games.

Most importantly, be a reader yourself. Kids who see their parents reading are likely to resemble them and become readers, too!

1.What is the best title for the text?

A. The Importance of Reading

B. Finding the Reading Moments

C. Improving the Kid’s Reading Skills

D. Sitting down with a Book

2.According to the passage, encouraging the children to write letters is to ______.

A. show the function of reading

B. examine their writing skills

C. improve the kids’ reading ability

D. keep in touch with the relatives

3.To encourage older children to read, you can ask them to______.

A. make the shopping list

B. measure the flour for you

C. describe the pictures on boxes

D. read a favorite book to you

4.What does the underlined word “resemble” in the last paragraph probably mean?

A. Enjoy.    B. Read.

C. Imitate.    D. Like.


A report says older adults who test their minds with increasingly difficult projects have better mental ability than those who do less demanding activities.

To keep our brains sharp as we age, we are often told to keep our minds active. As the old saying goes, “Use it or lose it.” But, there is very little scientific evidence to support than.

Denise Park is head of the university’s Center for ? Vital Longevity. She designed a study in which she and her tern placed 221 healthy aging and older adults into one of three groups.

“We asked people to learn new things, like quilting or photography. We asked other people to just do fun things like being in a social group function but were not likely to have a very large effect.”

The subjects took part in their assigned activities for 15 hours a week over three months. At the end of that time, the researchers found that the adults who learned new skills, such as digital photography, showed the greatest improvements on memory tests.

No improvements were seen in the results of those in the social group that did activities together like going on field trips. There were also no improvements among the third group that listened to classical music or did crossword puzzles.

Denise Park believes one reason for improved memory in the active learning group is that its members were being pushed to learn new skills. The other groups took part in what she call receptive activities. Learning new skills may not cure age-related mental decline. But, Ms. Park thinks being mentally active slows down the process.

Denise Park says the latest information shows that the improvements lasted for at least a year. She and her team plan to do longer follow-up studies with all three groups. She also is interested in learning whether taking part in demanding mental activities delays the development of conditions like Alzheimer’s disease.

1.What may the social group be asked to do?

A. Learn to take photos.

B. Listen to music at home.

C. Go hiking together.

D. Do the dishes.

2.What did Denise Park and her team find?

A. Doing more exercise can help slow down our age-related mental decline.

B. Having a relaxing life is beneficial to keeping our minds sharp.

C. Keeping our minds active is associated with our health.

D. Learning new skills may help to keep our minds active.

3.If you want to keep your brain sharp you could_______.

A. go swimming with your friends.

B. play chess with your family.

C. learn how to repair the computer.

D. do crossword puzzles online

4.The text is likely to be selected from a book of______.

A. medicine    B. education

C. aging    D. science


Trapped under six stories of ruins after the Haiti earthquake leveled his hotel, Dan Woolley believed he was going to die. But rather than give in to despair, the film-maker spent 65 hours beneath the earth looking up ways t treat his injuries on his iPhone. He also wrote a moving diary for his family, thinking they would only read his last message of love and comfort after his death. Instead, he was pulled from the disaster after a week-and will soon be reunited with his family.

Mr. Woolley had travelled from America to Haiti with his colleague David Hames. Both had been working for charity. He was in the entrance-hall when the earthquake struck and just had time to dive into a comer before the building fell. Buried under tons of ruins, the film-maker downloaded a first aid application to his iPhone. He used the light from the iPhone to show him his injuries and diagnosed it properly as a broken leg. Then, he used the instructions from the app to treat the serious bleeding. The app advised him not to go to sleep if he felt he was going into shock. The resourceful Mr. Woolley set his phone alarm to go off every 20 minutes to keep him awake. New technology has played a huge part.

Mr. Woolley used a small black notebook to write messages to his family. He had thought his relatives would read them after he was dead. “I was in a big accident. Don’t be upset at God,” he wrote, “I’m still praying that God will get me out, but He may not. But He will always take care of you.”

Mr. Woolley was eventually located by a French rescue team and removed to the U.S. where he was reunited with his wife. Speaking after being flown to Miami for surgery, he said, “Boy, I cried. I wanted to use that time to do everything I could for my family. If it could be just to leave some notes that would help them in life, I would do that.”

He is now looking forward to seeing his family.

1.In the diary, Mr. Woolley noted his family.

A. he was looking for ways to survive

B. his iPhone was more than useful

C. he wanted to do something for his family

D. this might be his last messages of love

2.Which of the following statements is not wrong?

A. Woolley was confident that he would survive.

B. Woolley was making a film when the earthquake broke out.

C. Woolley is now reconvening in a Haiti hospital.

D. Woolley tried to stay conscious under the ruins.

3.What is the most important factor in Woolley’s survival?

A. His beloved family.    B. The high technology.

C. His strong will.    D. The French rescue team.

4.What is the best title for the text?

A. A Large Earthquake Hit Haiti

B. Strong Will Saved Woolley

C. A Man Used an iPhone to Survive

D. Nothing Is More Important than Family




To: Members of all departments

From: Annette Derringer

Subject: Year-end party

Date: November 26

This is just a quick note to let you all know the arrangements for next month’s year-end party. As you know, the party will be held at the Green Vale Country Club, which we have reserved between 6:00 pm and 10:00 pm on the evening of December 21st. 1 have received replies from almost all of you confirming attendance, but if you have not let me know yet, please do so in the next day or two. Tickets for all employees have been covered by the company.

The manager of Green Vale has asked me to explain one or two things to those of you who have not been there before. Basically, there is enough parking space for only 100 vehicles, so he would like to ask those of you planning to drive to try car pool(拼车)as much as possible. Also, the number of lockers available is small, so guests should try to keep belongings to a ,minimum.

Thanks in advance,


To: Annette Derringer

From: Kype Berwick

Subject: Year-end party

Date: November 28


I will be able to attend the year-end party at the Green Vale Country Club on December 21st although I do not think I will be able to arrive before 7:30. I was wondering if it would also be possible to bring a couple of guests. I know it is a bit of a last-minute request, but my brother and his wife are planning to visit us at that time, and they would love to see the Green Vale. If it is not a problem, then could you let me know how much I should pay for their tickets? Also, assuming this is OK, we are planning to drive down in a single car to reduce the need for paring and also to allow us to keep our belongings in the ear. I will have a couple of days off before the party, and I will not be in my office December 17th, so could you get back to me before then?

Thanks a lot,




1.Which of the following is NOT mentioned in the memorandum?

A. Payments for extra guests.

B. Time of the year-end party

C. Parking restrictions.

D. Storage of personal items.

2.Kyle Berwick writes to Annette Derringer mainly to____.

A. ask the price of movie tickets

B. explain why he cannot to the party

C. confirm the route to the hotel.

D. ask if he can bring guests to the party.

3.What can we infer from the passage?

A. The manager of the Green Vale doesn’t want the members to go there by car.

B. Annette is in charge of making arrangements for the year-end party.

C. The members can take as many belongings as they can with them.

D. Kype Berwick won’t bring guests to the party if he as to pay for the tickets.


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