He was deeply struck by the natural beauty of the West Lake___________he went to Hangzhou.

A.at the first time B.the first time C.for the first time D.at the first time when

 

—Sorry, I can’t return your book today because I am only half way through it.

—________. I have plenty of other books to read.

A.Take it easy B.No wonder C.Take your time D.No doubt

 

The old man, _______ abroad for twenty years , is on the way back to his motherland.

A.to work B.working C.to have worked D.having worked.

 

We all feel it is Jack as well as his wife that ________for their son’s bad performance at school.

A.are to blame B.is to be blamed

C.are to be blamed D.is to blame

 

If you can't find a ladder,use a strong chair as a ___________.

A.replace B.substitute C.choice D.chance

 

Our school__________ the students to collect used batteries, ___________ a better environment.

A.appealed; in the hope of B.appealed; in the hope that

C.appealed to; in the hope of D.appealed to; in the hope that

 

---Why did the police _____ the crowd?

---Because the presidents car ____ in the street.

A.break down, broke down B.break up, broke up

C.break down, broke up D.break up, broke down

 

It was reported that 115 miners         in the flooded mine for eight days were pulled out alive at last.

A.trapped B.being trapped

C.were trapped D.had trapped

 

Don't_________. You will __________new customs and different ways of thinking.

A.lose your heart; apply to B.lose heart; apply yourself to

C.lose your heart; adapt to D.lose heart; adapt yourself to

 

假定你是李华.你所在的中学要征集一封英文感谢信.以致敬奋战在抗击新型冠状病毒第一线的医护人员。清你写一封感谢信参与投稿.内容包括:

1.表达谢意;   2.个人感受;   3.表达信心。

注意:1.词数100左右:

2.可以适当增加细节.以使行文连贯:

参考词汇:传染病epidemic  新型冠状病毒novel coronavirus

Dear medical workers

_____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

Yours sincerely,

Li Hua

 

假定英语课上老师要求同桌之间交换修改作文,请你修改你同桌写的以下作文。文中共有10处语言错误,每句中最多有两处。每处错误仅涉及一个单词的增加、删除或修改。

增加:在缺词处加一个漏词符号(^) ,并在其下面写出该加的词。

删除:把多余的词用斜线(\)划掉。

修改:在错的词下划一横线, 并在该词下面写出修改后的词。

注意: 1.每处错误及其修改均限一词。

2.只允许修改 10处,多者(从第11处起)不计分。

Dear Jenny,

Welcome to my school! When you arrive, there will be a party for you holding by my classmates. You may attend to English classes to feel a differently learning style. After that, you can go to your host family that you can experience the Chinese way of life. You can have meals together chatting anything that interests us.

The host family will also show us around some famous scenic spot. You can see people selling kites everywhere because our city was home to kites. There are many kinds of kites to choose from.

So isn't it the good idea to buy some for your friends? Write to me unless you have any questions about the schedule.

Best wishes.

Yours,

Zhang Ming

 

阅读下面短文,在空白处填入1个适当的单词或括号内单词的正确形式。

People all over the world seem to be 1. (interest) in the UK’s royal family. Most fans know all their names and faces and who’s next in line to the throne (王位). So famous are they that they don’t even have to use their last name. But what do they 2. (actual ) do? They don’t need money as they 3. (support ) by UK taxpayers and have a large family fortune, but they do still have to work. Most of Queen Elizabeth’s time is taken up with 4. are called “royal engagements (活动)”. These engagements include 5. (host) heads of states, diplomatic trips to other countries, parties at palaces as well as opening Parliament when a new government is formed and giving out 6. (nation) awards. Queen Elizabeth’s engagements add up 7. several hundred a year, more than Prince Harry, William and Kate’s all together. In fact the royal family has to carry out 8. average of 2,000 engagements, entertain 70,000 guests and answer 100,000 letters every year. Obviously one woman can’t do all of that and that’s where the rest of the royal family step in 9. (help). Apart from this, some members of the royal family have done jobs like other people. The most famous royal who did one of these jobs is William, Duke of Cambridge, 10. worked as an ambulance helicopter pilot.

 

    When I read a post about taking someone to the movies, I remembered something that happened a couple of years ago.

I used to drink Coca-Cola and they had a contest where there was a ___________ inside the bottle cap. You went to a website and entered the code and maybe you _________ something. I won some ___________ Cokes. But then, I won the Grand PrizeI was surprised and ___________.

The Grand Prize was free movies for a year. What that ___________ to be was that the company sent me 52 admission tickets for a local movie theatre — they _________ one movie a week was what free movies for a year _______. All of the tickets had expiration dates(失效期)later than a year from the day I _________ them. I used quite a few taking friends to see _________.

But the best thing I did with them was that I ____________ twenty-two tickets that I had left by that time, to the local Women’s Transition House. It is a place where women and their ____________ could go when they’re ______________ domestic violence or just a bad situation in general and get help to make a ______________ start.

My work team had decided we would be a charity through which we ______________ donations for that particular Christmas. I knew that the Women’s Transition House ______________ some childcare for the women ______________ they could go for job interviews and things like that.

I put those tickets in a(n) ______________ and wrote a note on the outside, asking the Women's Transition House staff to give the movie tickets to women there ____________ the holidays to have something ____________ to do, with or without their children. It made me ____________ happy to do this.

1.A.website B.sign C.code D.note

2.A.bought B.won C.downloaded D.sought

3.A.expensive B.cheap C.delicious D.free

4.A.skeptical B.delighted C.numb D.jealous

5.A.turned over B.turned up C.turned out D.turned down

6.A.figured B.tolerated C.foresaw D.identified

7.A.occurred B.mattered C.meant D.underlined

8.A.refused B.received C.presented D.lost

9.A.plays B.movies C.performances D.matches

10.A.sold B.abandoned C.distributed D.donated

11.A.children B.partner C.family D.parents

12.A.handling B.opposing C.fleeing D.defeating

13.A.steady B.fresh C.complete D.perfect

14.A.purchased B.managed C.controlled D.collected

15.A.provided B.accepted C.supported D.postponed

16.A.but B.so C.otherwise D.or

17.A.mailbox B.timetable C.pocket D.envelope

18.A.to B.before C.over D.with

19.A.controversial B.compulsory C.entertaining D.systematic

20.A.really B.nearly C.generally D.simply

 

    Sometimes, when considering our own beliefs, we can find it challenging to accept other ways of life and rituals. However, close-mindedness and prejudice (偏见) are not the way to go, especially when there is so much we can learn about other cultures. Learning to accept and respect other cultures is an important step that opens your mind to the world around you and everyone’s unique differences.

Develop an open mind. Open the doors of your mind to accept what other people believe in. Try not to stereotype or brush things off when you haven’t actually taken a closer look yet. 1.

Take a look at history. The way some civilizations developed can be fascinating! 2. When you start studying, you’ll understand how things moved together to form the world we live in today. It’s a great piece of knowledge to have, so don’t rob yourself of it! There are plenty of books and sites available to fuel your curiosity. Appreciate the way different people fought for what they believed in, even if those beliefs differ from yours.

3..Sample some Italian or try your hand at cooking curry. Enjoy different foods and the different way meals are prepared. Don’t limit yourself, try everything and smile.

Talk to people. 4.It will help you understand that though they may believe and practice different things. That doesn’t make them strange or backward. Developing friendships with those from other cultures can be a really great experience.

Watching movies from different countries, like Bollywood movies or those on ancient happenings can be eye opening and help you appreciate different societies. If you’re into fashion, try sampling different culture’s dress and styles 5. If you’re having issues with racism and discrimination, try talking to someone to understand why you feel this way.

A.Try some new cooking.

B.Try doing something magical.

C.Try studying about ancient times.

D.Learn as much foreign culture as possible.

E.Talk with people from different cultures.

F.Try to get away from the personal opinions.

G.There are lots of magazines available on different fashions.

 

    “When I grow up, I want to be a runner.” These words are spoken by thousands of Kenyan children. 50 percent of the Kenyan top runners are members of Kalenjin, one minority race of the country. They make up less than two percent of Kenya’s population. This fact has puzzled sports scientists. They have spent considerable time and effort trying to answer one question: What enables the Kalenjin people to run so fast?

Although the question seems simple, finding the answer has proven to be difficult and controversial. A team of Danish sports scientists spent 18 months and discovered the Kalenjins had remarkably slow heart rates even when running long distances. The Kalenjins live in high-elevation(高海拔) villages in the Rift Valley in western Kenya. People living at high elevations produce more red blood cells, which aid in the transport of oxygen throughout the body. Because the air is thinner and contains less oxygen at high elevations, the body produces more red blood cells. Scientists believe there is a connection between increased red blood cells and low heart rates and that both may enable high-altitude athletes to outperform those who train at low altitudes. The Danish scientists also studied the bodies of the Kalenjins and compared them to those of the Danes. They found that the Kalenjins have longer “birdlike” legs. The Kalenjins also have lower body mass indexes (a measure of body fat based on weight and height) and shorter bodies than Danish people.

As a result of the Danish study, some scientists made the conclusion that the Kalenjins possess what is called a “speed gene(基因)”. However, Kenyan runners were offended by this conclusion They credited their success to hard work and endless hours of training.

Although the controversy over the “speed gene” remains unsolved, British runner Mo Farah’s experience offers an interesting perspective on the subject. In 2005, he realized he wasn’t meeting his potential as a runner. A group of Kenyan runners were training in England then. After he accidentally observed the Kenyans’ strict training routines and dedication to their sport, Farah said it was like a switch had been turned on in his head. He began eating healthy foods, going to bed early, and training harder than he had ever trained in his life. As a result, Farah’s running career exploded. He has won seven world and Olympic titles in the 5000m and regularly beats Kenya’s top runners!

Farah’s story proves what Kenyans have known all along. Regardless of genetics, their success would not be possible without hard work, dedication, sacrifice, and mental toughness. Their “secret” is simple. Train hard, run fast, and never give up.

1.What interested the sports scientists?

A.Kenyan sports history.

B.Kanlenjins’ running ability.

C.Kanlenjins’ training methods.

D.Kenyans’ enthusiasm for sport.

2.According to Danish scientists, what leads to the Kanlenjins’ success?

A.Physical condition. B.Hard training.

C.Living style. D.Strong will.

3.How did Kenyan runners think about Danish research result?

A.Convincing. B.Astonishing.

C.Unacceptable. D.Important.

4.Why is Mo Farah’s story mentioned in the passage?

A.To show running methods count.

B.To encourage British athletes.

C.To prove effort pays off.

D.To support gene theory.

 

    Inventor, physicist, surveyor, astronomer, biologist, artist… Robert Hooke was all these and more. Some say he was the greatest experimental scientist of the 17th century. In the course of his work, he cooperated with famous men of science like Isaac Newton, and the great architect Christopher Wren.

Hooke's early education began at home, under the guidance of his father. He entered Westminster School at the age of 13, and from there went to Oxford, where he came in contact with some of the best scientists in England. Hooke impressed them with his skills at designing experiments and inventing instruments. In 1662, at the age of 28, he was named Curator of Experiments at the newly formed Royal Society of London — meaning that he was responsible for demonstrating (展示) new experiments at the society’s weekly meeting. Hooke accepted the job, even though he knew that the society had no money to pay him!

Watching living things through a microscope was one of his favourite pastimes. He invented a compound microscope for this purpose. One day while observing a cork (软木塞) under a microscope, he saw honeycomb-like structures. There were cells — the smallest units of life. In fact, it was Hooke who invented the term “cell” as the box-like cells of the cork reminded him of the cells of a monastery (修道院).

Another achievement of Hooke’s was his book Micrographia, which introduced the enormous potential of the microscope. It contains fascinating drawings of the thing he saw under the microscope. The book also includes, among other things, ideas on gravity, light and combustion (燃烧) that may have helped scientists like Newton when they were developing their own theories on these phenomena.

Hooke made a valuable contribution to astronomy too. A crater (火山口) on the moon is named after him in honour of his services to this branch of science.

1.Which is the possible reason why Hooke accepted the job as Curator of Experiments?

A.He liked designing experiments.

B.His family needed his support.

C.He wanted to please the famous scientists in England.

D.His parents couldn’t afford his education.

2.What does the underlined word “pastimes” in paragraph three mean?

A.Jobs B.Experiments

C.Hobbies D.Structures

3.Which of the following is TRUE according to the text?

A.Hooke went to Oxford in 1645.

B.Hooke was well paid in the Royal Society of London.

C.Hooke made a contribution to medicine.

D.Hooke's book Micrographia may have helped Newton.

4.The last paragraph is to prove that ________.

A.Hooke was the greatest experimental scientist of the 17th century

B.Hooke was good at making discoveries

C.Hooke's contributions were not limited to one field

D.Hooke was one of the greatest astronomers

 

    A couple of weeks ago, my grandfather was explaining his favorite expression. "Nothing is ever easy? The following day, as I tried to complete my day's work, I happened to notice a bumblebee(大黄蜂)on the skylight(天窗).The skylight was particularly high up, but I thought removing the bee would take no more than five minutes. An hour later, the bee still remained. All that had changed was that the living room was a mess and that 1 was dizzy from looking up into the sunlight. I did not expect to waste an hour on an insect so tiny, but by doing so, I understood what my grandfather meant.

It is not only time that we tend to underestimate — we don’t account for unexpected costs. We often imagine what can work in our favor but we seldom think of all the negative things that could a fleet us. However, it is important to remember that your day or week or year might nor go as planned, and that is completely normal. It is perfectly acceptable to feel challenged even at a task you thought was simple because that is part of life.

If you can accept that nothing will ever be easy, then life might seem slightly more manageable. In middle school. I thought high school might be easier because I could choose the classes I wanted to take. In high school I thought college might be easier because I could have a schedule(计划)best suited for myself. Yet each time, I was both wrong and disappointed. After accepting that school wouldn'tand shouldn'tbe easy. I found myself with a more positive altitude and improved results.

Of course, there should be preparations made to account tor expenses or time. Doing so can only help you accomplish your goals in a better way. However, there is no need to beat ourselves up when something stands in our path. Maybe we cannot see a bee coming our way, but we can always give ourselves the extra time to catch it.

1.Why did the author mention his experience of removing a bee?

A.To share something unforgettable with us.

B.To lead us to what the author learned from it.

C.To show the unexpected costs it caused.

D.To tell us how easy it is to waste our rime.

2.Why do things often tum out to be different from what we expect?

A.We often don't take lime seriously.

B.We tend not to have enough money.

C.Unexpected things can happen.

D.It is easy to feel challenged.

3.According to the text, what does the underlined phrase "beat ourselves up" mean?

A.lo hit or kick ourselves hard, many times

B.to blame ourselves too much

C.to encourage ourselves to work hard

D.to give up ourselves

4.What is the author's purpose of writing this article?

A.To encourage people to make greater efforts.

B.To explain how to make preparations.

C.To tell us what to do when something gets in our way.

D.To persuade us not to expect things to be easy.

 

    Holidays in Spain not only mean visiting the tourist attractions or enjoying the thrills of bullfight, but also are charming because of the various options for entertainment in Spain.

Getting in

Reaching Spain by air from London to Barcelona takes 2 hours; London to Madrid is 2 hours and 20 minutes and to Malaga is 2 hours and 45minutes. The journey from New York to Madrid is 8 hours and 35 minutes.

Things to do

If you want affordable entertainment and leisure in Spain, go to the streets. In Spain, walking across the streets is known as the “paseo”, in which the entire Spanish families move forward clapping out flamenco rhythms. This is the best occasion to know Spanish culture better.

If you want some indoor options for fun, come to the movie houses, which are luxurious and provide the bar service. Here, you can watch films translated into Spanish and be prepared to watch horror films, cowboy films, etc. If you have a taste for drama and play, you can enjoy performances in theaters, where you can watch plays of Spanish authors as well as translations of foreign plays. There are typical nightclubs which are open till 2:00 a.m. or 3:00 a.m., and you need to be formally dressed up.

There are circuses of very high quality and also a lot of options for sports lovers. Soccer has attained even more popularity than bullfight in Spain. Then, there are other sports like boxing, bicycle races, horse races, and in the Basque region, handball.

Tips

Though you may think that this country is warm, it can be very cold in winter, so you need proper clothing when you come here. Further, direct exposure to sunlight for long duration should be avoided to prevent sunburn and heatstroke.

1.How long does it probably take a tourist to fly to Madrid from London?

A.120 minutes. B.140 minutes.

C.165 minutes. D.515 minutes.

2.Where is the most suitable place to learn about Spanish culture?

A.The streets. B.The nightclubs.

C.The movie houses. D.The Basque region

3.What can you do in the movie houses in Spain?

A.Enjoy the thrills of bullfight.

B.Dance clapping out flamenco rhythms.

C.Experience the bar service and watch various films.

D.Watch plays written by Spanish or foreign authors.

 

假定你是李华,你校英语报社就高中生是否应该去KTV庆祝生日进行校园调查。请你用英语写封信给该报社编辑,谈谈你自己的想法。内容包括:

1.简述该现象;

2.你的观点和建议。

注意:1.词数100左右;;

2.可以适当增加细节,以使行文连贯;

3.开头和结尾已给出,不计入总词数。

Dear editor,

________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

Yours,

Li Hua

 

假定英语课上老师要求同桌之间交换修改作文,请你修改你同桌写的以下作文。文中共有10处语言错误,每句中最多有两处。每处错误仅涉及一个单词的增加、删除或修改。

增加:在缺词处加一个漏字符号(∧),并在其下面写出该加的词。

删除:把多余的词用斜线(\)划掉。

修改:在错的词下划一横线,并在该词下面写出修改后的词。

注意:1.每处错误及其修改均仅限一词;

2.只允许修改10处,多者(从第11处起)不计分。

I am the only child of my family, my parents give me all the things I want to. I feel so satisfying with the life I own. However, I used to forgetting to share happiness with others. One day, I went to Wang Mei’s birthday party. After I made a wish and blew all the candle out, I couldn’t wait to eat the birthday cake. I took a piece of cake and started to eat it immediate. Meanwhile, I saw Wang Mei were cutting the cake for our friends. See our friends sharing the cake together, I learned an important lesson which sharing promotes communication and happiness.

 

阅读下面短文,在空白处填入1个适当的单词或括号内单词的正确形式。

Sadness, feeling down and having a loss of interest or pleasure in daily activities 1. (be) symptoms familiar to all of us. But, if they affect our life substantially, they may be depression.

According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDCP), 7.6 percent of people over the age of 12 have depression in any 2-week period, 2. shows the scale of the issue.

According to the World Health Organization (WHO), depression is the most common illness worldwide and the leading cause of 3. (disable). They estimate that 350 million people 4. (affect) by depression, globally.

5. (general), the symptoms include lack of joy and reduced interest in things. Depression is a mood disorder characterized by persistently (连续地) low mood and a feeling of sadness and loss of interest. It is a persistent problem, not a passing one, 6. (last) on average 6 to 8 months.

Diagnosis of depression starts 7. a consultation with a doctor or mental health specialist. It is important to seek help from a health professional to rule out different causes of depression, ensure an accurate diagnosis and secure safe and 8. (effect) treatment.

As for most visits to 9. doctor, there may be a physical examination 10. (check) physical causes and other conditions. Depression is a treatable mental disease.

 

    My parents were so proud of me, especially of something I accomplished. This is one of my happiest memories and, sadly, also the _______ I have of my parents. They _______ in one evening when some drunken men crashed their car into them.

From then on, I was _______. I missed them greatly, but _______ surprisingly well on my own. If they were alive, they would be most _______ of the moment I met my best friend, Eliza Jones. I’m also most proud of that _______.

It was a June evening. I was seventeen years old and sitting on a tree branch, listening to the music the water created under the bridge. Just then I noticed a(n) _______ appear on the bridge. Suddenly it stopped on the top of the bridge and _______ to the river.

I _______ up and launched myself at the falling figure. I had never swum at this ________. I had to catch it; ________ I would never forgive myself. I swam faster and faster and ________ the figure. I laid the person on the riverbank and found it was a girl, about my age. She asked me why I tried to ________ her, I said I couldn’t just watch someone didn’t ________ her life. Then we talked and I found we both liked to read about fairies.

We ________ anything except the reason why she was there that night. She told me she was a writer who wanted to travel around the world and write amazing fantasy novels. I was glad she had a ________ for the future. Even so I wouldn’t ________ myself to ask her why she was so sad that she would throw away her wonderful ________. I just said, “Tomorrow morning the sun will rise, bringing with it the ________ of another start.” Minutes later, she said it was time that she should leave, but promised she would continue living well. After that I had a(n) ________ memory of the bridge.

1.A.last B.longest C.deepest D.easiest

2.A.married B.escaped C.returned D.died

3.A.stubborn B.nervous C.unaccompanied D.impatient

4.A.travelled B.played C.changed D.managed

5.A.frightened B.proud C.aware D.confident

6.A.moment B.advice C.achievement D.dream

7.A.accident B.poster C.pattern D.figure

8.A.referred B.turned C.jumped D.pointed

9.A.turned B.shot C.spoke D.woke

10.A.atmosphere B.speed C.length D.chance

11.A.however B.instead C.otherwise D.besides

12.A.grasped B.discovered C.created D.abandoned

13.A.rescue B.remember C.support D.suspect

14.A.review B.treasure C.check D.choose

15.A.heard about B.cared about C.dreamed about D.talked about

16.A.negotiation B.target C.talent D.preference

17.A.force B.refuse C.relax D.adjust

18.A.occupation B.lesson C.life D.suggestion

19.A.background B.operation C.appointment D.promise

20.A.relative B.outstanding C.fond D.common

 

The Health Benefits of Gardening

Gardening is popular in many parts of the world. This outdoor activity gives us beautiful plants, pleasant smelling flowers and fresh fruits and vegetables. But it also gives us many health benefits.

1.

Gardening connects people. When you are gardening, you are outdoors. So it is a perfect time to socialize with your neighbors. Gardening can greatly widen a person’s community. Some people may not have the resources to have their own gardens. So, many cities and towns have community gardens. You can either volunteer or just visit to learn more.

2.

Gardening is a great activity to do with children, It gets families outdoors and off computers, televisions and other electronics. Gardening can be a great teacher. Children can learn about nature and wildlife. Gardening can teach a child about where food comes from and healthy eating.

Getting Vitamin D

When you are in your garden, you might feel the sunshine on your skin. This means you are getting Vitamin D. Vitamin D helps your bodies use calcium (). 3.. Vitamin D also helps you fight diseases.

Doing more exercise

Also, when you garden, you must move around, All the different movements needed for gardening—bending, twisting, stretching and lifting-work small muscles in the body.4..

Reducing stress

5.. A study by the Netherlands found that gardening may reduce the stress hormone cortisol (激素皮质醇) in the brain. Scientists say that high levels of cortisol in the body interfere (干扰) with learning and memory. It can also increase a person’s weight, blood pressure and cholesterol levels.

A.Reducing loneliness

B.Getting along with children

C.That is necessary to keep bones strong

D.Gardening may help you stay energetic

E.Gardening may also help you to feel calm and happy

F.What you grow in a garden usually looks, smells, feels and tastes really good

G.And you can easily get a good workout when you are digging holes or pulling weeds

 

    A new paper published in Environmental Research Letters has some warning news for people living in the lower 48 states: You may be at risk from river flooding and not even know it until the water starts to rise.

In fact, the study, estimates of present and future flood risk in the United States, found that 41 million U. S. residents are at risk from flooding along rivers. That’s three times more than current estimates based on the flood maps produced by the Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) , which primarily maps the areas at risk for 1-in-100-year floods in populous (人口众多的) river basins.

Why does the big difference come into being? As always, it’s all about the data. Generally, FEMA prioritizes risk-assessment areas based on their population; reserving expensive field-work methodologies (研究方法) for the more populous river basins, but many other rivers have not yet been mapped at all.

The size of the USA means that flood maps made in this way are incomplete. It would be too expensive and time-consuming to survey every river basin in America. The national-scale flood maps produced by FEMA leave the flood risk of many parts of the country unaccounted for.

For this research, scientists from The Nature Conservancy adopted a pioneering methodology that avoids the defects of the FEMA approach, where individual catchments (流域) are studied by making use of big data. The study used a new high-resolution model, produced by the flood-mapping organization Fathom, which copies floods on all rivers across the entire continental United States.

“We were all surprised by how many people are actually exposed to freshwater flooding in the USA,” said Oliver Wing, lead researcher on the study and a PhD student at the University of Bristol. “It’s particularly worrisome considering that most of these people aren’t even aware of the risk they face. This study helps fill that critical information gap.”

1.What did the new paper intend to tell readers?

A.The mistakes made by FEMA.

B.The serious situation of the flood.

C.The populous river basins of the USA.

D.The unseen risk of the flood in the USA.

2.Why is the map produced by FEMA incomplete?

A.It’s dangerous to research all the rivers.

B.The size of the USA is too big.

C.It ignores less populous rivers.

D.The efficiency of making it is low.

3.What does the underlined word “defects” in paragraph 5 mean?

A.Shortcomings. B.Potential.

C.Consumption. D.Contributions.

4.What attitude does Oliver Wing have to the study?

A.Critical. B.Supportive.

C.Cautious. D.Uncaring.

 

    You may not pay much attention to your daily elevator ride. Many of us use a lift several times during a day without really thinking about it. But Lee Gray, PhD, of the University of North Carolina, US, has made it his business to examine this overlooked form of public transport. He is known as the “Elevator Guy”.

“The lift becomes an interesting social space where etiquette (礼仪) is sort of strange,” Gray told the BBC. “They are socially very interesting but often very awkward places.”

We walk in and usually turn around to face the door. If someone else comes in, we may have to move. And here, according to Gray, lift-users unthinkingly go through a set pattern of movements. He told the BBC what he had observed.

He explained that when you are the only one inside a lift, you can do whatever you want — it’s your own little box. If there are two of you, you go into different corners, standing diagonally (对角线地) across from each other to create distance.

Newcomers to the lift will need to size up the situation when the doors slide open and then act quickly. Once in, for most people the rule is simple — look down, or look at your phone.

Why are we so awkward in lifts? “You don’t have enough space,” Professor Babette Renneberg, a clinical psychologist at the Free University of Berlin, told the BBC. “Usually when we meet other people, we have about an arm’s length of distance between us. And that’s not possible in most elevators.”

In such a small, enclosed space it becomes very important to act in a way that cannot be considered to be threatening or strange, “The easiest way do this is avoid eye contact,” she said.

1.What is people’s response to the lift etiquette according to Gray?

A.Thinking much of it. B.Avoiding it on purpose.

C.Researching it continuously. D.Ignoring it unconsciously.

2.What does Gray think of riding a lift?

A.It’s funny and quick. B.It’s strange and dangerous.

C.It’s interesting but awkward. D.It’s convenient but boring.

3.What may most people do if they stay in the lift?

A.Talk loudly to each other. B.Keep still and silence.

C.Use mobile phones. D.Keep a close distance.

4.What’s the author’s purpose in writing the text?

A.To show how to ride each elevators.

B.To introduce some rules of elevator etiquette.

C.To show how to break awkwardness of riding lifts

D.To analyze the reasons for keeping elevator etiquette.

 

    I enjoy life because I am endlessly interested in people and their growth. My interest leads me to widen my knowledge of people, and this in turn makes me believe in the common goodness of mankind. I believe that the normal human heart is good since their birth. That is, it’s born sensitive and feeling eager to be approved and to approve, hungry for simple happiness and the chance to live.

Like Confucius, I am absorbed in the wonder of the earth, and the life on it. With a great faith in the human heart and its power to grow toward the light, I find here are reasons enough for hope and confidence in the future of mankind. The common sense of people will surely prove that mutual (相互的) support and cooperation are only sensible for the security and happiness of all. Such faith keeps me continually ready to do what one person can toward shaping the environment in which the human being can grow with freedom. This environment, I believe, is based upon the necessity for security and friendship.

I take heart in a promising fact that the future world will contain food supplies enough for the entire earth population. Our knowledge of medical science will be sufficient to improve the health of the whole human race. Our resources and education, if administered on a world scale, will lift the intelligence of the race.

Half a century ago, few people thought of world food, health and education. Many are thinking today of these things. Now I find my only questions about this: Are there enough people now who believe? Is there enough time left for the wise to act? It is a contest between ignorance and death, or wisdom and life. My faith in humanity stands firm.

1.What results in the author’s belief in people’s goodness?

A.His understanding of people. B.His desire for happiness.

C.His sensitive attitude to life. D.His kindness to people.

2.What should people do to build a secure and happy world?

A.Get ready to develop more friendship. B.Compete with others in everything.

C.Defeat others to get enough freedom. D.Help and cooperate with each other.

3.What does the author want to express in paragraph 3?

A.His demand for the present life. B.His expectation of the future world.

C.His belief in better environment. D.His hope of human relationships.

4.What may be the best title of the text?

A.Human Nature Is Good B.Believe in Ourselves

C.Live a Happy Life D.Help People in Need

 

The Best Family Reunion Spot in Every State

The location for your family reunion could make the event. Choose one of these unique and comfortable spots in every state.

Alabama—Doublehead Resort, Town Creek

You can’t beat the waterfront cottages available at Doublehead Resort. Each has a washer and a full kitchen. A cottage can sleep ten people, making this resort the perfect relaxing location for your family reunion. This could be the setting for another funny family vacation story.

Arkansas—Whitney Mountain Lodge, Garfield

This Northwest Arkansas hotel has a breathtaking view of Beaver Lake. Located between the Rockies and the Appalachians, this peaceful site is the perfect place to escape with your family. They have three private dining rooms, all available for rent for your events. Arkansas might not be the first family reunion destination that comes to mind, but it has one of the coolest hidden sightseeing.

California—The Alisal Guest Ranch and Resort, Solvang

If budget isn’t an issue, book a family reunion at the Alisal Guest Ranch Resort in the Santa Ynez Valley. This 10,000-acre cattle ranch (牧场) is the ideal reunion spot for horse-back-riding families, and there’s also a spa for the family members who would prefer to relax.

Delaware—Cape Henlopen State Park, Lewes

Enjoy a beachside reunion at one of Delaware’s most scenic state parks. The pavilion (大帐篷) is available for rent, so make your base camp at the group site as you have fun at the two beaches and 18-hole golf course. You can also climb up to a former military bunker (碉堡) for a brief history lesson.

1.What is Doublehead Resort special about?

A.The weather. B.The sightseeing.

C.Its stories. D.Its cottages.

2.Which spot offers history education?

A.Doublehead Resort. B.Whitney Mountain Lodge.

C.Cape Henlopen State Park. D.The Alisal Guest Ranch and Resort.

3.In which section of a magazine can you read the text?

A.Daily life. B.Travel guide.

C.Entertainment. D.Environment.

 

假定你是李华,由于新冠病毒(COVII-19/nove1 coronavirus)爆发,你校决定推迟开学,请你给回国度假 的留学生Jack写封邮件,告知此事。内容包括:

1.告知推迟开学;

2.介绍疫情;

3.开学日期另行通知。

注意:1.词数100左右;

2.可以适当增加细节,以使行文连贯。

__________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

 

假定英语课上老师要求同桌之间交换修改作文,请你修改你同桌写的以下作文。文中共有10处语言错 误,毎句中最多有两处。每处错误仅涉及一个单词的增加、删除或修改。

增加:在缺词处加一个漏字符号(∧),并在其下面写出该加的词。

 删除:把多余的词用斜线(\ )划掉。

修改:在错的词下划一横线,并在该词下面写出修改后的词。

注意:1.每处错误及其修改均仅限一词;

2.只允许修改10处,多者(从第11处起)不计分。

I like reading novels, that has earned me the nickname “novel fan”. I like all kinds of novel and I read them whenever I have time. The stories always attract me when I went into them. Every time a novel is in my hand, I will forget to eat , sleep and even me. My mother is very worrying about me, so she makes a arrangement for my spare time. Sometime, when I am fascinated by the story in a novel, I will read it under my quilt to avoid discovered by my mother. But at recently, my eyesight has become poorer. I have decided to change my habit. I want to be health as well as knowledgeable.

 

阅读下面短文,在空白处填入1个适当的单词或括号内单词的正确形式。

If you have a cold, then it's time to learn some cold prevention techniques. You just need to learn and use some new behaviors1. lifestyle habits every day.

Your best 2. (protect) from the common cold and flu is frequent hand washing. The simple act 3.  occurs when you rub your skins while using warm water and soap can get rid of most 4. (potential) harmful germs.

While germs are often spread to others through household 5. (object) — telephones, door handles, toothbrushes, and tap handles — the 6. (big) transportation center for germs is your hands. That's why frequent hand washing gets rid of the illness-causing germs and 7. (help) to prevent the spread of some diseases.

As many as 56,000 people die from the flu or flu-like illness each year.8. simple act of hand washing

is the single most important means of preventing the spread of infections. Yet some studies show that many

Americans 9. (use) public restrooms don't wash their hands before leaving. People also forget 10. (wash) their hands before preparing meals and they have snacks without thinking of washing their hands beforehand. If you want to help prevent colds, just stop — and wash your hands.

 

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