When we think about happiness, we usually think of something surprising and unexpected, a top great delight.

For a child, happiness has a magic quality. I remember playing police and robbers in the woods, getting a speaking part in the school play. Of course, kids also experience lows, but their delight at tops of pleasure is easily seen, such as winning a race or getting a new bike.

For teenagers, or people under 20, the idea of happiness changes. Suddenly it’s conditional on such things as excitement, love, and popularity. I can still feel the pain of not being invited to a party that almost everyone else was going to. I also recall the great happiness of being invited at another event to dance with a very handsome young man.

In adulthood the things that bring great joy — birth, love, marriage — also bring responsibility and the risk of loss. Love may not last; loved ones die. For adults, happiness is complex.

My dictionary explains “happy” as “lucky” or “ fortunate”, but I think a better explanation of happiness is “ the ability to enjoy something”. The more we can enjoy what we have, the happier we are. It’s easy for us not to notice the pleasure we get from loving and being loved, the company of friends, the freedom to love where we please, and even good health. Nowadays, with so many choices and much pleasure, we have turned happiness into one more thing we have. We think we own the right to have it, which makes us extremely unhappy. So we try hard to get it and consider it to be the same as wealth and success, without noticing that the people who have those things aren’t necessarily happier.

While happiness may be more complex for us, the answer is the same as ever. Happiness isn’t about what happens to us. It’s the ability to find a positive for every negative, and view a difficulty as a challenge. Don’t be sad for what we don’t have, but enjoy what we do possess.

1.According to this passage, Middle School students look at happiness mainly in terms of _______.

A. academic achievement    B. spiritual satisfaction

C. friendship    D. material gains

2.The author thinks that when one dreams wealth and finally gets it he __________.

A. can realize what happiness is    B. may consider it extreme happiness

C. may not end up with happiness    D. should not feel satisfied with himself

3.According to the passage, happiness lies in the ability to __________.

A. think of something pleasant    B. experience delight at an old age

C. feel the magic quality of pleasure    D. enjoy what one has at the moment

4.The passage aims to tell __________.

A. the constant dream of happiness    B. the great importance of happiness

C. the real meaning of happiness    D. the changing idea of happiness

 

If you thought helicopter parents were too much, wait till you learn about “lawnmower (割草机) parents”. These are the next generation of helicopter parents, who take over-parenting to the next level. Rather than staying overhead in the air, these parents actively prepare the way for their children to succeed, cushioning every bump along the way.

Their goal is to create a soft, even surface onto which their child will proceed, free from harm and worry. They get involved before problems reach their child, sometimes even going to immoral lengths, such as writing college papers for a child who’s running out of time.

One teacher told the Irish Times: “These days you would often hear from a mother or father insisting their child be put in the top math class, for example. Self-esteem (respect) is the buzzword (popular word). They feel it would harm their child’s confidence. The irony is their self-esteem would be damaged far more by sending them into a class where they can’t catch up with others.

It’s not children who are out of control. It’s parents. There will come a point when these children won’t have parents on which to depend, and then how are they going to function? It’s frightening, too, to imagine these children becoming adults and attempting to raise families of their own. They would hardly be capable of teaching independence, confidence, work ethic, and discipline to their own children if they’ve never learned it themselves.

At the end of the TIME article, Gibbs shared a wonderful quote from writer D.H. Lawrence, written in 1918: “How to begin to educate a child. First rule: leave him alone. Second rule: leave him alone. Third rule: leave him alone. That is the whole beginning.

1.Which of the following would the author agree with about “Lawnmower parents”?

A. They are children of helicopter parents.

B. They always stay over their children’s head in the air.

C. They want to win over helicopter parents.

D. They do much more for children than helicopter parents.

2.According to the teacher mentioned in the text, what does the underlined it in Para 3 refer to?

A. That children belong to the ordinary class.

B. That children are put in the top maths class.

C. That children can’t catch up with the class.

D. That children don’t do well as expected.

3.What can we conclude from the last paragraph?

A. Letting children be is the last thing to do in education.

B. We must allow children enough freedom in their development.

C. Gibbs must have been an expert in children education.

D. There is no definite answer to how to educate a child.

4.What’s the author’s attitude toward the children with “Lawnmower parents”?

A. Very appreciative.    B. Quite surprised.

C. Much worried.    D. A little disappointed.

 

When I started teaching at school, I was sure I would change the world and touch children who needed love.

Although my students seemed to respond pretty well to my teaching , there was a small group of girls who became more and more hostile towards me.

One day a fight happened in my classroom. Trying to end it, I stepped in to face one of these hostile young women, who started hitting me in the face. Two boys jumped up to control the girl, but the damage was done.

While the girl was suspended for a few days, I was determined that she would not return to my classroom. But I also prayed. I wanted to see all the students right there in my daily work at school.

On the top of my daily lesson-plan book, I wrote this statement, “To see all the children in my classroom is always beautiful.” With this view I could expect to heal any anger towards the girl in my heart.

After her suspension, she returned to my classroom. The student’s young mother was trying to raise six children while her husband was away in the war. The mother and I agreed to work together to help her oldest daughter.

There were no more incidents of anger the rest of the year. In fact, In the seven years I remained at that school, I taught all six of this family’s children. When the youngest was in my class, the mother told me, “Our family love you. Every year one of my kids says, ‘I hope I’m in her class!’”

The standard of seeing each of my students as a perfect one was the best teaching tool I had, and led to success.

1.What happened in the author’s class one day?

A. A girlfought with two boys.    B. She was hit by a girl.

C. She hit a girl in the face.    D. Her class was troubled by several girls.

2.How was the girl punished?

A. She had to stay at home for some time.    B. She was driven out of school forever.

C. She was sent to another class.    D. She was beaten heavily by her mother.

3.When the girl returned to school, __________.

A. she apologized to the author    B. she took her mother to school

C. the author was still angry with her    D. the author treated her with love

 

假定你是李华,你校将到黄山风景区举行我爱黄山(Mr. Huangshan)”主题活动。请你给交换生James发一封邮件告知活动相关情况。内容包括:

1.时间和地点;

2.活动安排;

3.注意事项。

注意:1. 词数100左右;

2.可以适当增加细节,以使行文连贯。

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假定英语课上老师要求同学们交换修改作文,请你修改你同桌写的以下作文。文中共有10处语言错误,每句中最多有两处。错误涉及一个单词的增加、删除或修改。

增加:在缺词处加一个漏字符号(∧),并在其下面写出该加的词。

删除:把多余的词用斜线(\)划掉。

修改:在错的词下划一横线,并在该词下面写上修改后的词。

注意:1.每处错误及其修改均仅限一词。

2.只允许修改10处,多者(从第11处起)不计分。

Be an excellent student with all-round development, Li Hua has been honored as Star of all the subjects but often ranks among the top three in the class. After class, she is active in the playground, music club and some community. The sport he likes most is playing the basketball. He also took great delight in Chinese opera as well singing pop songs. Besides, he takes an actively part in all sorts of social practices. In a word, Li Hua is an outstanding student, which has set a good example to us.

 

Tea is one of the most popular1.(drink)in the world. You make it by pouring hot water over the2. (dry)leaves of a tea plant. For centuries people believed that tea could cure illnesses, and they used it as medicine. Today scientists know that tea contains chemicals that prevent cells from3.(die). Most teas have caffeine in them, a substance that makes you feel more active. Some people have problems drinking tea because it can cause   4.(sleepless).

The tea plant grows best in tropical and temperate places5.rain falls throughout the year. Teas can be grown from sea level6.about 2,000 metres, but the best quality grows in higher regions.

Tea 7.(come)from the leaves and buds of tea plants. Wild plants can be up to 9 metres high but on tea plantations(茶园)they 8.(cut)back to a bush of about a metre in height so that workers can pull the leaves 9.(easy). It takes a plant three to five years before it is ready for plucking(采摘).

A plucker can harvest about 20 kg of tea a day. on large tea plantations the leaves are harvested by machines, 10.the quality of tea is higher when the leaves are plucked by hand.

 

A few summers ago my daughter and I were swimming in our pool. This day had been like most others,______ I had no way of knowing that this one would _____in our family history as a memory we ______and still talk about from time to time.

The sun was setting and the night was_______approaching. Fro the shallow end of our pool, my daughter ______it first. Right about eye level, a spider was spinning her______by the pool. It _____me that my daughter noticed this, and it surprised me even _______that she wasn’t afraid of the spider.

Instead, she delightfully ______ as the spider busied herself in the cycle of life. as we both gazed at this______of nature, a very simple thought_______me. I had lost track of time. I honestly didn’t know ______we had been just standing there and staring at that spider _______her web. But, regardless of what ever amount of time had past, the  ______was that we were simply having fun. We were having fun_______ really doing anything really BIG or special. I thought. However, in contrast, I believe that by sharing this _______of the spider building her web we were______ just as fulfilled as if we had done something very important.

Remember that the _______things are the best things in life. spend time together appreciating the simple things in   ______ , and even more importantly, ______time together talking about life. Do this and you’ll have special moments and special memories that will last a life time.

1.A. or    B. and    C. but    D. so

2.A. go down    B. get up    C. take off    D. lead to

3.A. deserve    B. remind    C. treasure    D. exhibit

4.A. eventually    B. frequently    C. carefully    D. quickly

5.A. invented    B. noticed    C. informed    D. ruined

6.A. cloth    B. craft    C. pot    D. web

7.A. surprised    B. interested    C. frightened    D. excited

8.A. farther    B. more    C. longer    D. better

9.A. noted    B. watched    C. followed    D. changed

10.A. sight    B. signal    C. wonder    D. advertisement

11.A. caught    B. occurred    C. knocked    D. hit

12.A. how soon    B. how often    C. how long    D. how far

13.A. removing    B. building    C. painting    D. sending

14.A. truth    B. message    C. advice    D. information

15.A. for    B. without    C. by    D. in

16.A. ability    B. knowledge    C. happiness    D. experience

17.A. all    B. both    C. either    D. neither

18.A. simple    B. expensive    C. bright    D. flexible

19.A. office    B. earth    C. life    D. hope

20.A. kill    B. waste    C. cost    D. spend

 

Tips To Boost Your Confidence

1.Here are some solutions to boost your confidence in the long run.

Always think positively

We all have negative voices inside our head. 2.Start out slowly and push yourself to think of three good things about yourself every morning.

3.

Take the time to look within yourself and asses what is possible to change and what is out of reach. It is important to focus on changing the things you have control over, because this is where you will see the most self-improvement. Make a list of three things that you would like to improve on and then under each item write a few bullet pints on how you will go about making this change.

Focus on the small steps for signs of improvement.

Make sure to focus on smaller victories. It is often harder for individuals to see their own self improvement when they are looking at the long term, but it is easier to pinpoint changes when you are focusing on daily accomplishments.4.Whatever it is makes sure you follow through and then acknowledge your achievements by making a list and posting it somewhere easily in view, because small steps always add up in the end.

Stop comparing yourself to others.

One of the most common pitfalls(陷阱)that humans are guilty of is comparing themselves with each other. It is important to remember that what appears on the surface is not always what is reality. If you feel like you are constantly overwhelmed by trying to keep up with others, make a marked effort to limit your usage of social media.   5. .

A. Be realistic with what you can change.

B. Try to understand body languages of others.

C. Building confidence takes time and patience.

D. Practice being award of how you hold yourself during the day.

E. The good news is that we can change these voice to only say positive things instead

F. Start small and have a daily goal of one instance where you practice defending yourself.

G. You will be surprised with all the free time you have to do other things and best of all you will have a clear, more condiment self.

 

If you want to slow aging, you might want to eat less. This finding is good news---if you were a mouse. The researchers studied mice, not people.

John Price and other researchers studied two groups of mice. One group was able to eat as much as it wanted. The researchers limited what the mice in the other group ate. Their diet had 35 percent fewer calories than the first group of mice.

Price says the mice with the diet restrictions were “more energetic and suffered fewer disease.” They were not just living longer but seemed to stay younger for a longer period of time.

The researchers found that fewer calories slow down a natural mechanism in cells called ribosomes. Price explains that ribosomes are responsible for making important proteins in the cells. But with fewer calories, they slow down. This gives the cells more time to repair themselves.

The researchers say ribosomes use from 10 to 20 percent of the cell’s energy to make those proteins. Price wrote that “because of this, it is impractical to destroy an entire ribosome” when it starts to break down. However, “repairing individual parts of the ribosome on a regular basis enables ribosomes to continue producing high quality proteins for longer than they would otherwise. This top quality production, in turn, keeps cells and the entire body functioning well.”

Price said, “ribosome is a very complex machine, like a car.” They need “maintenance to replace the parts that wear out the fastest. When tires wear out,” he explained, “you don’t throw the whole car away and buy a new one. It costs less to replace the old tires.”

“Food,” he said, “isn’t just material to be burned---it’s a signal that tells our body and cells how to respond.” Price said the findings help to explain how exactly our bodies age. And this may “help us make more educated decisions about what we eat.”

1.What can we know about the mice with limited calories from the study?

A. They can keep healthy easily

B. They need more energy to be active

C. They can look younger than they are

D. They will live a longer life like humans

2.What will happen to ribosomes if there are fewer calories?

A. They will completely break down

B. They make proteins in the cells slowly

C. They will produce high quality proteins more

D. They may need more time to repair themselves

3.Price explained the ribosomes’ role of repairing themselves by _________.

A. telling a story

B. listing basic data

C. making comparisons

D. experimenting on mice

4.What does the text mainly deal with?

A. Food decides how long you live

B. Can you slow down your aging process?

C. Eating less may help you live longer

D. Should your diet be reduced for your health?

 

He was there every morning, sitting motionless on the front steps of his house. In the morning light, I could see the shadows that were etched(蚀刻)deep within the lines surrounding his eyes.

Each morning I walked this route with my daughter to her kindergarten class. We were new to the neighborhood so that I didn’t know many of my neighbors. On one beautiful autumn morning, as we passed his house, my daughter called out to him, “Hi, Mr. Man!” Always the outgoing child, I wasn’t surprised at her enthusiasm. But her cheerfulness soon faded when the man didn’t look at her and say “Hi” back.

As we continued on our walk to school, my daughter asked why the man didn’t want to say hi to her. Because I didn’t have an answer, I said simply, “Maybe he is having a bad day.” later I knew that Bob lost his wife in a car accident.

A few days later, as we approached Bob’s house on our way to school, my daughter called out “Hi Mr. Man!” and as usual, he didn’t respond. But then she ran onto his front lawn and picked up a beautiful red autumn leaf. She continued up one step and handed it to him. I held my breath.

As she skipped back to me, she said, “See you tomorrow, Mr. Man!” This time, he acknowledged her. In a soft gentle voice, he tanked her and said, “See you tomorrow.”

From then on, Bob and my daughter exchanged greeting each morning. Our friendship with Bob continued for many years. But, the sweetest day is when Bob attended my daughter’s high school graduation. Bob gave my daughter a gift---a book on identifying various plants and trees. There, tucked in the pages that described an oak tree, was the leaf my daughter had given to Mr. Man when they first met. He had dried and pressed it and kept it all those years.

1.What puzzled the girl?

A. The cause of the man’s sadness

B. The shadows in the man’s eyes

C. The man’s sitting still on the steps

D. The man’s not answering her greeting

2.How did the author feel when his daughter gave the red leaf to the man?

A. Proud    B. Nervous

C. Embarrassed    D. Comfortable

3.Why did Bob keep that little red leaf?

A. It was a care from a girl

B. It was a symbol of enthusiasm

C. It was a reminder of his painful days

D. It represented the knowledge of trees

4.Which of the following can be the best title for the text?

A. A Simple Red Leaf    B. A Strange Neighbor

C. An Unusual Friend    D. A Greeting From A girl

 

Human brains begin growing and developing at a very young age. They learn from the simplest experiences ,which enable your children to be aware of the world. There’s no denying that outdoor play helps a lot!

Times when children have to wait for their turns on playground equipment and following the playground rules by sharing, all these form components of healthy social-emotional development. Young children develop their social-emotional skills through practice and small steps over time.

As parents or caregivers, it is fairly simple to support your child’s social-emotional skills. Acts like holding him, touching him, and speaking to him and giving him loving care and attention are all helping factors. When you allow them freedom to play, it is important to follow their interests in helping build their social-emotional skills.

Difficulties in social-emotional skills can often lead to children having trouble when playing with other children. Becoming easily angry or not empathizing(理解)with other children are all signs that may point in this direction. This can in turn lead to them not empathizing with the needs of other children.

As for the development of cognitive(认知的)skills, these develop through practice and opportunity over time. And while some cognitive skills may be genetic, most are learned through real life situations. In other words, learning and thinking skills can be improved through experiences.

To enable them to learn, it is important that we are mindful of what our children are interested in. And this realization is only set in place once the child is given enough and time to grow and explore.

Depriving children of such experiences can mean that they might struggle with higher-level thinking skills. And while it is normal to keep them safe, we forget that by rushing them and cutting down on play time, we’re actually causing more harm than good.

1.What can playing with other children greatly help children do?

A. Learn from other children

B. Develop their social emotion

C. Promote their personal hobbies

D. Help them to control their emotion

2.What usually brings trouble to a child while playing with other children?

A. Not understanding others

B. Caring too much about others

C. Lacking social emotional skills

D. Being more selfish than selfless

3.What does the underlined word “depriving” in the last paragraph mean?

A. Taking away    B. Providing for

C. Referring to    D. Focusing on

4.What is the main purpose of the text?

A. To call on us to promotes children’s interest

B. To show us the importance of social emotions

C. To tell us how to improve children’s social emotions

D. To persuade parents to allow their children to play outdoors

 

Here are some of the best museums in America that parents can choose from for an educational trip.

Boston Children’s Museum

Location: Massachusetts

The exhibits here are of health, art, science, culture and environmental awareness. In this museum, children also learn about Japanese culture and house of silk merchant. Activities like Play Lab, New Balance Climb and The Recycle Shop bring out the creativity in children.

Children’s Museum of Houston

Termed as the best playground for mind, this museum offers scores of activities for kids of every age. It even offers free family adventure events where families with their toddlers or kids are encouraged to work on math activities and games. Children also learn about broadcasting activities and preserving ecosystems.

Minnesota Children’s Museum

Location: Minnesota

This museum is located at St. Paul’s and kids find themselves immersed in a world of smart play. Here activities like exploring natural habitats of animals are undertaken. Kids also paint their faces, play with finger puppets and at the same time, appreciate learning forms.

These museums have surely taken us down to the memory lane where we once went and explored, laughed and enjoyed our trip. These creative institutions are a best way to instill learning ideas, crate experiences and develop little curious minds. Active learning takes place when the minds are engaged. These children centered institutions rightly cater to the needs of the young ones.

1.Where is Boston Children’s Museum located?

A. In Texas    B. In Alaska

C. In Massachusetts    D. In Minnesota

2.Where should you to go let your kids explore natural habitats of animals?

A. Boston Children’s Museum

B. Minnesota Children’s Museum

C. Museum for American Children

D. Children’s Museum of Houston

3.Who is the text mainly written for?

A. School children

B. Sports lovers

C. School teachers

D. Parents with small kids

 

假设你叫李华,你的美国朋友Nancy即将来中国读书。她来信请你对上学期间的交通方式提出建议。现在,请你用英语回一封信,按以下各点答复。

1.建议骑自行车上学;

2. 自行车是学生常用交通工具;

3. 骑自行车的一些好处;

4.骑自行车需注意的问题。

注意:1. 词数100左右,信的开头和结尾已给出,不计入总词数。

2. 可根据内容要点适当增加细节,使行文连贯。

Dear Nancy,

I’m very pleased to hear from you and you’re welcome to study in China.

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Yours,

Li Hua

 

假如英语课上老师要求同桌之间交换修改作文,请你修改你同桌的以下作文。文中共有10处错误,每句中最多有两处。错误涉及单词的增加、删除或修改。

增加:在缺词处加一个漏词符号∧,并在此符号下面写出该加的词。

删除:把多余的词用斜线\划掉。

修改:在错词下面划一横线,并在该词下面写出修改后的词。

注意:1、每处错误及其修改均仅限一词;

2、只允许修改10处,多者从第11处不计分。

This morning, I was jogging in the park while I caught sight of a wallet on a bench. Clear, someone had left it there in accident. I picked up and checked the contents. Inside it, I found some money or a card with a phone number. Believing that the owner would be worried, I immediately try the number. A man answered it in an anxious voice. Hearing that I had his wallet, he sighed with relief and told me he would come right away. Ten minutes late, the man arrived. After confirm he was the owner, I returned the wallet back to him. With his thumb up, he expressed his thank to me repeatedly. Seeing the smile on his face, I felt happy that I was able to help.

 

Over the past years Starbucks coffee 1. (become) a coffee chain store. The cafes don’t sell coffee; they sell 2.very atmosphere. They offer customers the perfect atmosphere 3. which to take time out and relax. Every single store throughout the world is furnished in a romantic style and 4.(special) meant to be cozy, private and quiet: earth-toned (褐色调) space, fancy wall paper, lovely paintings, 5. (amaze) background and irresistible coffee smell……The most fantastic decoration style about Starbucks 6. (design) with oversized chairs and tables outside the store. When 7. comes to a sunny afternoon, I love to take a seat outside, 8. (bath) in the afternoon sunshine, and listening to the lovely music 9. tasting the most terrific Cappuccino. This is exactly what I love in here ----the Starbucks ! This is the café I love not merely because of the café itself, but also because of the 10. (feel) it brings me.

 

Six years ago, I walked into a local animal shelter on a cold, rainy day. _______ my house was already full of cats and dogs, I still couldn’t ________ an occasional visit to the shelter. This time as I was walking down the row of pens(畜栏) full of barking dogs, I ______ a small boy looking into one of them.

He had a malnourished(营养不良的)looking body and a _______ face with a big nose _______ out of the middle of it. He was looking at a small golden dog. Its ribs(肋骨)were showing and its thin tail was folded between its legs. It wasn’t begging for ______ like the other puppies ______was hiding in the corner instead. The boy looked up at me with ______ eyes and asked what was wrong with it. “It was probably abused and ______,” I said. “ That is why it is so ______.”

The boy ______turned to an old lady and said, “ Grandma, I want this one.” The old woman smiled and walked to the front desk to fill out the ________ forms. I followed her and asked ______ the boy. She told me that he’d had a ______ start in life, too. She had just gotten custody(监护权) of him______ the state had taken him from his parents. She hoped getting a dog would make his life ______ for him. I looked back at him, holding his scared puppy, and said a prayer for them both.

It was yesterday that I was driving down the road enjoying a gloriously sunny, spring day. Then in a green front yard I saw the boy. His _______ body was tall and strong. His nose no longer ______ big but fit well into his smiling face. He was throwing a ball to a healthy, happy dog shining golden hair. His little act of love and ______ had indeed gone a long way. It had saved a dog’s life, _______ his own heart, and given this middle-aged man fresh hope for the whole world.

1.A. Although    B. Whenever    C. If    D. As

2.A. resist    B. help    C. undertake    D. pay

3.A. sensed    B. ignored    C. noticed    D. stared

4.A. shabby    B. bare    C. round    D. bony

5.A. holding    B. sticking    C. reaching    D. lying

6.A. attention    B. entertainment    C. treatment    D. joy

7.A. or    B. so    C. and    D. but

8.A. annoyed    B. sad    C. excited    D. bored

9.A. wronged    B. broken    C. abandoned    D. raised

10.A. puzzled    B. curious    C. scared    D. surprised

11.A. gradually    B. particularly    C. suddenly    D. immediately

12.A. adoption    B. nursery    C. health    D. adaption

13.A. over    B. for    C. on    D. about

14.A. good    B. common    C. rough    D. happy

15.A. until    B. after    C. unless    D. before

16.A. stronger    B. easier    C. harder    D. safer

17.A. mid-aged    B. aging    C. teenage    D. childhood

18.A. appeared    B. remained    C. proved    D. grew

19.A. determination    B. company    C. generosity    D. kindness

20.A. struck    B. touched    C. broken    D. healed

 

Expressing gratitude regularly is a wonderful habit to your children. In fact, studies have shown that people who feel gratitude on a daily basis are happier in general. Today we’ll discuss ideas to help your children express their gratitude.

Make a gratitude tree. Start with a large piece of craft paper and draw a tree trunk. Then ask the kids to paint or color it in brown. Each day ask your kids to think of something they're thankful for. 1. And they’ll have a gratitude tree full of leaves one day.

Express your thankfulness to the ones you love. 2. Print the photos in a 5'×7'size and ask the kids to write a short note on the back explaining why they're grateful to that person. Family members, especially those who don't live nearby, will cherish the present.

3. Pick a regular time, maybe one Saturday a month, and do some voluntary jobs as a family.4. One child may want to spend a day helping to clean up their favorite park while another might want to read books to nursing home residents.

Go grocery shopping for a family in need. Many stores now offer pre-made bags to donate right at the checkout line. While this is convenient, the larger the role they play in the act of giving, the bigger the effect it will have on your kids.5.

Taking time as a family to practice gratitude doesn't have to be difficult or time-consuming and the benefits your children will get are long-lasting.

A. It will make the experience much more powerful.

B. Let kids take pictures of themselves with their loved ones.

C. Keep gratitude journals.

D. Volunteer together.

E. If you can find a charity where you deliver the groceries , that's even better.

F. Write it on a green leaf and tape it to the tree trunk.

G. Let family members take turns to pick an activity that means something to them.

 

Holiday makers wanting to get away from the pressure of modern life might consider staying at a wooden hut in Sweden.

The Kolarbyn Eco-Lodge Hotel is not for everyone. If you can’t even understand the idea of living without electricity, running water, or a modern toilet, then the charm of this place will probably not appeal to you. But for anyone trying to escape the pressure and busy life of the big city or take a break from the Internet and other modern devices, this place is a paradise(乐园). Located 1 km south of Skarsjon Beach, in the middle of a pristine Swedish forest, Kolarbyn Eco-Lodge consists of 12 wooden huts with nothing but two sheepskin-covered wooden beds, and a wood stove that uses wood cut by the guests themselves.

Self-catering breakfast, lunch and dinner consist of items like spaghetti(通心粉), tomato sauce, bread, fruit and eggs that tourists have to cook themselves over an outside fire; there is no shower, only a nearby spring and as for toilet, visitors are encouraged to go behind a tree, or visit one of the two sheds(棚子).

Adding to the charm of this place is the long coal-making tradition of Kolarbyn. Locals have been building these huts from wood and mud for over 400 years, and a few of them came up with the idea of recreating a few of them in the woods as an eco-lodge to keep tradition alive in the area.

“People visit Kolarbyn lodges because they want to experience the nature and to test sleeping in the historical huts. They want to get away from the normal life,” the owner Andreas Ahlsen said. “The huts themselves are relatively small, as if they are too big , it will destroy the nature experience.”

1.Which of the following can best describe the Kolarbyn Eco-Lodge Hotel?

A. Modern and luxurious    B. Perfect and unique

C. Cheap and appealing    D. Simple and environmental-friendly

2.What can we infer about the life in the hotel?

A. Living there is a hard experience for everyone

B. The visit to the hotel means a challenge to many people

C. It’s convenient though there is no modern equipment

D. It’s kind of like living in paradise for the aged

3.What does the underlined word “them” refer to in Paragraph 4?

A. Old traditions    B. Local people

C. Wooden huts    D. Creative ideas

4.Why do people want to visit the Kolarbyn Eco-Lodge Hotel?

A. To escape modern life    B. To have a good sleep

C. To compare rural and city life    D. To experience poverty of locals

 

GAOMI, Shandong, Oct. 11(Xinhua)---China writer Mo Yan said last Thursday that he was “very surprised” at winning the Nobel Literature Prize.

“I am very happy,” he said. “I was having dinner when I received the news. I was surprised.”

“Thank you for coming all the way to Gaomi. This should be a season of red sorghum, but no such crop is planted any more. I believe none of you have seen the crop.” he said.

“The Nobel Literature Prize is a very important literature prize, but not the top award. It represents the opinions of the jury(评审团). I am satisfied with my major works and I still keep writing by hand. My works are Chinese literature, which is part of world literature. They show the life of Chinese people as well as the country’s unique culture and folk customs. Meanwhile, my novels described human beings in the broad sense. I wrote in the perspective(角度) of a human being. These works stand beyond regions and ethnic(民族的)groups,” he said.

Mo’s win brought joy to other writers and readers throughout the country as he is the first Chinese native to win the Nobel Literature Prize in its century-long history.

1.According to Mo Yan, _____

A. red sorghum should be planted in his hometown.

B. the Nobel Prize represents the opinion of the public

C. he still keeps the habit of writing by hand

D. his novels described human being of all regions

2.Which of the following words can best describe Mo Yan?

A. Romantic    B. Self-confident

C. Proud    D. Modest

3.Where might you find the article?

A. In a novel    B. In a travel book

C. In a newspaper    D. In a student book

 

Easter Island’s large and mysterious stone statues(雕像) have made it world famous. These statues, whose likenesses look like humans with huge stone cylinders(柱状物) balancing on their heads like hats, have tourists coming from all over the world. The tourists come to see these works of ancient art carved by the early inhabitants of the island. They come to see the mystery that has puzzled historians for decades.

Easter Island is located in a remote part of the South Pacific Ocean about 2,300 miles west of Chile. Easter Island covers just 45 square miles and its Polynesian name is Rapa Nui.

On Easter Sunday 1722, a Dutch explorer named Jacob Roggeveen was the first European to see Easter Island. The early Polynesians carved the statues within the holes of the volcano using only stone tools. Then they moved these huge statues to various destinations throughout the island. These 600 statues range in height from 10 to 40 feet. Some of them weigh as much as 50 tons. How could the early Polynesians lift hundreds of heavy statues out of the volcano? How did they move them across the island to their various locations? All of these questions, as well as many others, remain unanswered.

The early islanders probably worshiped(崇拜) these eyeless giants until sometime around 1670. In 1680, a war broke out between two groups of islanders. The victors of the war and ancestors of the present inhabitants, broke down many of the statues. In most cases, they broke the necks of the statues.

Now 15 of the statues on Easter Island have been repaired to their original positions on their stone platforms. Even today, using modern tools and machinery, putting up such large statues and balancing cylinders on top of their heads presents a challenging task.

1.What do we know about Easter Island?

A. It is a big island of Chile.

B. It is located in North Pacific Ocean

C. It was named after a Dutch explorer

D. Its early inhabitants were Polynesians

2.Scientists are still uncertain about ______

A. why people built the statues

B. where people made the statues

C. how people transported the statues

D. how many statues there are on the island

3.What happened in 1680?

A. Many statues were damaged

B. Another 15 statues were put up

C. People began to worship the statues

D. The islanders started a war against outsiders

4.The purpose of the text is to ______

A. entertain    B. advertise

C. inform    D. persuade

 

Last week my youngest son and I visited my father at his new home in Tucson, Arizona. He moved there a few years ago, and I was eager to see his new place and meet his friends.

My earliest memories of my father are of a tall, handsome successful man

devoted to his work and family, but uncomfortable with his children. As a child I loved him; as a school girl and young adult I feared him and felt bitter about him. He seemed unhappy with me unless I got straight A’s and unhappy with my boy- friends if their fathers were not as “successful” as he was. Whenever I went out with him on weekends, I used to struggle to think up things to say, feeling on guard.

On the first day of my visit, we went out with one of my father’s friends for lunch at an outdoor cafe. We walked around that afternoon, did some shopping, ate on the street table, and laughed over my son’s funny facial expressions. Gone was my father’s critical air and strict rules. Who was this person I knew as my father, who seemed so friendly and interesting to be around? What had held him back before?

The next day my dad pulled out his childhood pictures and told me quite a few stories about his own childhood. Although our times together became easier over the years, I never felt closer to him than at that moment. After so many years, I’m at last seeing another side of my father. And in so doing, I’m delighted with my new friend. My dad, in his new home in Arizona, is back to me from where he was.

1.Why did the author feel bitter about her father when she was a young adult?

A. He was silent most of the time.    B. He was too proud of himself.

C. He did not love his children.    D. He expected too much of her.

2.When the author went out with her father on weekends, she would feel _____.

A. nervous    B. sorry

C. tired    D. safe

3.What does the author think of her father after her visit to Tucson?

A. More critical.    B. More talkative

C. Gentle and friendly.    D. Strict and hard-working.

4.When the author says“I’m delighted with my new friend”in the last paragraph ,he refers to ________as his new friend.

A. the author’s son    B. the author’s father

C. the friend of the author’s father    D. the café owner

 

假定你是李华,你校学生会在全校招募志愿者,为即将在你校举行的国际教育会议服务。请用英文写一封邮件申请参加。主要内容包括:

1.写信目的;

2.自我介绍;

3.希望获准。

注意:1.词数100左右;

2.文章的开头和结尾已给出,不计入总词数;

3.可适当增加细节,以使行文连贯。

Dear Sir or Madam,

____________________________________________________________________________________________

____________________________________________________________________________________________

____________________________________________________________________________________________

____________________________________________________________________________________________

____________________________________________________________________________________________

____________________________________________________________________________________________

____________________________________________________________________________________________

____________________________________________________________________________________________

____________________________________________________________________________________________

_____________________________________________________________________

With all my best regards.

Yours sincerely,

Li Hua

 

It was a year ago when Joshua got a bike for Christmas, but he rode it every day. One morning, he suddenly found the bike gone. Ran to his front yard, he saw a man loading it into his car. He shouted, but the man drive off. As a devoted Christian, he told his dad he real forgave the thief. What’s more, he wanted the thief know he was forgiven. So the next day, he posted the message on a poster-board and put it in the front yard. “To the person who stole my bike: You hurt my feeling. But I am a Christian and I forgive him!” When he left for home the next morning, at the end of the driveway, the bike was back with new brakes.

 

Welcome back to the hot topic of studying abroad! Last time, we talked about the general "software" needed to have a 1.(success)  studying experience overseas,  2.refers to the ability to understand western culture,  and problem solving skills when 3. (face)  critical situations, etc.

Now, I will dig deeper into the concept of “software". Everyone is talking about culture shock nowadays, but you may wonder what it actually 4.(mean). Simply put: culture shock is the difficulty people may experience when being exposed and adjusting to a 5.(remarkable) different new culture. Usually, people often go 6. four distinct phases: the honeymoon phase, the negotiation phase, the adjustment phase and the mastery phase. Culture shock can happen immediately upon your 7. (arrive) in the country.

For international students, perhaps the most direct impact of culture shock is the variety of accents, especially in multicultural countries 8. the U.S. Canada or Australia. There are two main reasons: Firstly, these countries have highly diversified groups of residents from different cultural 9. (background). Secondly, there are many international students from all around the world every year studying in these countries, so you shouldn't be surprised 10.(find) all kinds of unfamiliar accents around the university campus.

 

Travis laughed as he tore at the wrapping paper on his birthday present. He was so _____! Finally, he would have the coolest pair of name-brand basketball shoes.

All the guys on his team were wearing the name-brand shoes of a popular basketball _____, Chuck Hart. _____ Hart was criticized for his poor sportsmanship and infamous _____, he was a great player. In fact, Travis wasn’t thinking about Hart’s behavior; he had only expected to see Hart’s _____ on the side of the box. He realized that something was _______  as he tore away the last piece of paper. Not Hart’s. The new shoes were the name-brand of another player, Robert Ryann, who was  _______for his amazing work in the community.

Travis’s hands ______ ; his heart stopped. It wasn’t that the Ryann shoes weren’t nice, but what would his friends think? They were the wrong shoes and Travis would be ______ by the other players. When he looked up into his dad’s eyes, however, Travis knew he _____ tell him. “Thanks, Dad. I was really hoping for shoes,” Travis said as he pulled the shoes out of the box.

Next morning his dad drove him to school. When they _____ in front of his destination, Travis slowly opened the car door. Just then, his dad stopped him.

“Hey, Travis, wait a minute…” his dad said _______“Travis, I know those aren’t the shoes you had hoped for, but I saw the names of the two guys and made a(n) _____. The guy whose name is on those shoes,” he said, pointing down at Travis’s feet, “is someone I _______. Do you know how often Ryann has found himself in ______? ”

“ No,” Travis said.

“ Never. He’s never talked back to his coach or started a fight, and he’s a team player. You could have acted like a(n) ______ when you didn’t get the shoes you wanted, Travis, _______you were polite and made the best of it. You have honor, like the guy whose name is on these shoes. I’ m hoping that someday, your ______ will be on the coolest pair of shoes I’ll ever see.”

When Travis looked down at his feet, he saw the shoes _______. His dad had used his mind and heart to give the son a thoughtful ________.

1.A. surprised    B. ashamed    C. excited    D. worried

2.A. team    B. player    C. coach    D. game

3.A. Unless    B. If    C. Because    D. Although

4.A. skill    B. performance    C. behavior    D. action

5.A. name    B. photo    C. sign    D. model

6.A. strange    B. wrong    C. true    D. funny

7.A. known    B. encouraged    C. adopted    D. influenced

8.A. fell    B. froze    C. shook    D. folded

9.A. questioned    B. noticed    C. teased    D. attacked

10.A. mustn’t    B. needn’t    C. wouldn’t    D. couldn’t

11.A. pulled up    B. put up    C. took up    D. turned up

12.A. peacefully    B. hesitantly    C. delightedly    D. naturally

13.A. choice    B. effort    C. comment    D. mistake

14.A. believe    B. miss    C. admire    D. remember

15.A. danger    B. anger    C. sorrow    D. trouble

16.A. teammate    B. adult    C. kid    D. student

17.A. so    B. and    C. but    D. or

18.A. honor    B. courage    C. name    D. belief

19.A. clearly    B. carefully    C. patiently    D. differently

20.A. gift    B. smile    C. wish    D. lesson

 

We all know the importance of curiosity, and here are some tips on how to develop it.

Keep an open mind. This is essential if you are to have a curious mind. Be open to learning, unlearning, and relearning things. 1.Therefore, you should be prepared to accept this possibility and change your mind.

2.Most people just accept the world as it is. This way, they will certainly lose the “holy curiosity”. Try to dig deeper beneath the surface of what is around you. A sure way to dig deeper beneath the surface is asking questions. What, why, when, who, where, and how are the questions curious people always ask.

Don’t label anything as boring. Whenever you label something as boring, you close one more door of possibilities. Curious people are unlikely to consider things boring.

3.Even if they don’t yet have time to explore them, they will leave the door open to be visited another time.

Take learning as something fun. If you see learning as a burden, there’s no way you will want to dig deeper into anything. That will just make the burden heavier. However, if you think of learning as something fun, you will naturally want to dig deeper.4..

Read diverse materials. It will introduce you to the possibilities and excitement of other worlds which may attract your interest in exploring further. One easy way to do this is through reading diverse materials.5.. It’ll feed your mind with the excitement of a new world.

A. Never take things as granted.

B. Don’t spend too much time on just one world.

C. Try to pick a book or magazine on a new subject.

D. Some things you know and believe might be wrong.

E. It doesn’t matter that you don’t agree to others’ opinions.

F. Instead, they always see these things as a door to an exciting new world.

G. So look at life through the glasses of fun and enjoy the learning process.

 

Last weekend I was lucky enough to attend one of Spain’s most famous carnivals in the city of Cadiz. You can only understand why it is one of the most important carnivals in the world after seeing it for yourself. Everybody I saw, of all ages, was fancily-dressed from top to toe, making me feel like I was in a fairy-tale world with singing and dancing all around the city centre.

Almost instantly after stepping off the train in Cadiz, we were filled with joy, as everyone was in high spirits. A number of people parading through the streets playing traditional music filled people with happiness and craziness like I have never seen before. As we wandered around, we saw that the creativity of some costumes was incredible! From Shrek to Japanese wrestlers, the imagination and effort put into the fancy dresses was remarkable. You could really tell that people put a lot of time and energy into making some amazing costumes.

Then there were the groups of mostly old men who would be passionately singing some traditional songs. I could tell they were singing from their heart with such excitement. Furthermore, the fact that I was not able to understand the inside jokes did not matter, as I was attracted by the actions and expressions they provided. These mini street shows were a true taste of Spanish culture and set me up for a fun night.

As the night progressed, the streets got more packed with people. A moment that felt quite dreamlike was when we were dancing outside a convenience store with music provided by the owners booming through their speakers! Everyone who passed would be jamming along to the music. Afterwards, we went to the main party at E1 Puerto, which was like a mini festival.

After this special weekend of festival, it is true to say that the Spanish know how to party!

1.Why are Japanese wrestlers mentioned?

A. To compare different cultures.

B. To prove the costumes were amazing.

C. To point out how energetic the people were.

D. To show there were people from around the world.

2.Why was the author interested in mini street shows?

A. The food provided was quite tasty.

B. The inside jokes were pretty funny.

C. The performers were young and lovely.

D. The performers’ body language was attractive.

3.What made the author feel unreal?

A. Watching mini street shows.

B. Dancing outside a convenience store.

C. Attending the main party at E1 Puerto.

D. Seeing crowds of fancily-dressed people.

4.Which can be the best title for the text?

A. Crazy time at carnival.    B. How to be social at a party.

C. Carnivals around the world.    D. Why Spanish costumes are great.

 

The effects of coffee consumption on health have long been a subject of conflict and uncertainty. Since the 1980s, some have spoken out against coffee as harmful to health, while others have welcomed coffee for its supposed benefits to health.

According to a scientific report, mild coffee consumption, three to five cups per day, can be taken as a healthy dietary pattern, along with other healthful behaviors. The report also says that coffee consumption helps reduce the risk of heart disease and it protects against Parkinson’s disease.

According to Dr. Donald Hensrud of Mayo Clinic, high consumption of coffee has health risks. Dr. Hensrud mentions the dangers of high coffee consumption for people with a certain illness that slows the breakdown of caffeine in the body. Some studies said that drinking two or more cups of coffee daily can actually increase the risk of heart disease in these people.

According to conclusions from a recent study led by Dr. Gregory Marcus, a doctor from the University of California San Francisco, daily moderate consumption of caffeine, less than 4 cups, is not associated with these issues.

Until the scientific community reaches a general agreement on the effects of coffee consumption on human health, it will be up to the individual to decide whether the benefits of drinking coffee are greater than the risks.

When informed of these possible health benefits and harms of drinking coffee, Harwood, a high school student stated, “Even though there might be some negative effects of drinking coffee, for the most part, coffee drinking sounds good for health. Not to mention I need coffee to stay awake. ”

1.What is the people’s attitude toward the effects of coffee on health according to Paragraph 1?

A. Disapproving.    B. Tolerant.

C. Doubtful.    D. Mixed.

2.What can we infer about Harwood?

A. He’ll keep on drinking coffee.    B. He loves his high school life.

C. He often falls asleep in class.    D. He has some health problems.

3.What would be the best title for the text?

A. Why People Love Coffee?    B. How Coffee Affects Health?

C. The Culture of Coffee Drinking.    D. The New Findings of Heart Disease.

 

Recently I and other Red Cross volunteers met a group of victims from Hurricane Katrina. We were there, as mental health professionals, to offer “psychological first aid” and I was struck by the simple healing power of presence. As we walked in the gate to the shelter, we were greeted with a burst of gratitude from the first person we met. I felt appreciated, but also guilty, because I hadn’t really done anything yet.

I first realized the power of presence many years ago when a friend’s mother passed away unexpectedly. I received a call saying she had just passed away. I wanted to rush down there immediately, but didn’t want to intrude(打扰) on this very personal period of sadness. I was torn about what to do. Another friend with me then said, “Just go. Just be there.” I did, and I will never regret it.

Since then, I have not hesitated to be in the presence of others. Once I sat at the bedside of a young man suffering from the pain of his AIDS-ralated dying. He was not awake, and obviously unaware of others’ presence. However, the atmosphere was by no means solenm. His family, playing guitars and singing, allowed him to be present with them as though he were still fully alive.

In my life, I am repeatedly struck by the healing power of presence. In it, none of us are truly alone. It not only is something we give to others but also changes me for the better.

1.Why were the hurricane victims grateful to the author?

A. He built shelters for them.    B. He gave immediate first aid to them.

C. He came to stay with them.    D. He brought mental health professionals.

2.What did the author do when his friend’s mother passed away?

A. He hesitated over whether to go.    B. He went to his friend’s at once.

C. He knew what to do instantly.    D. He decided not to disturb his friend.

3.What does the underlined word “solenm” in Paragraph 3 probably mean?

A. Heavy but warm.    B. A little sad but cosy.

C. Relaxing and delightful.    D. Very serious and unhappy.

4.What has the author learned from his experience?

A. A friend in need is a friend indeed.

B. Being present can make a big difference.

C. The family harmony is the happiest thing in life.

D. Being a volunteer can make one’s life more significant.

 

Summer Camps in Season!

STEM Camps July 10 to August 14, Cost: $ 180

90% of the jobs in the future will require STEM (Science, Technology, Engineering & Mathematics) education. We find ways to make learning fun and exciting for students to help ensure their futures. Campers participate in fun and engaging STEM activities! Register: www. stemcamp.ca or Call: 519-475-6600.

Kandalore June 15 to 28, Cost: $ 2,340

The finest traditional camp in Canada, providing the best of both canoe(皮划艇) adventures and in-camp activities. For more than 65 years, Kandalore has given campers the opportunity to know and be themselves. We create a warm and supportive environment where kids can express their unique self, grow in self-confidence and build lifetime friendships. Register: www. Kandalore.com or Call: 416-322-9735.

ESL Summer Camp June 25 to July 21, Cost: $5,500

Pickering College has an exciting ESL summer camp for students aged 12-18 who want to learn English and experience the wonders of summer at our 42-acre campus; students enjoy the excellent dormitory, dining, academic, and social facilities of one of Canada’s oldest independent schools. Register: www. pickeringcollege. ca or Call: 905-175-8900.

DEEP Summer Academy August,16 to 26, Cost: $465

We provide highly motivated high school students from across the world with the opportunity for advanced study in a variety of engineering, technology, business and science subjects. Organized by University of Toronto, DEEP is one of the most diverse pre-university engineering programs all over the world with scholarships. Register: www. Outreachengineering.ca or Call: 416-946-0816.

1.Which number should you call if you want to improve your English?

A. 519-475-6600    B. 416-322-9735

C. 905-175-8900    D. 416-946-0816

2.When will the shortest camp start?

A. On July 10.    B. On June 15.

C. On June 25.    D. On August 16.

3.Where can you go if you are interested in the experience of adventure?

A. Kandalore.    B. STEM Camp.

C. ESL Summer Camp.    D. DEEP Summer Academy.

4.How similar are STEM Camp and DEEP Summer Academy?

A. They both offer scholarships for students.

B. They provide the same courses for students.

C. They both prepare students for their development.

D. They are both designed for international students.

 

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