假定英语课上老师要求同桌之间交换修改作文,请你修改你同桌写的作文。 文中共有10处语言错误,每句中最多有两处。每处错误仅涉及一个单词的增加、删除或修改。

  增加:在缺词处加一个漏字符号(∧),并在其下面写出该加的词。

  删词:把多余的词用斜线(\)划掉。

  修改:在错的词下划一横线,并在该词下面写出修改后的词。

  注意:1. 每处错误及其修改均仅限一词。

        2. 只允许修改10处,多者(从第11处起)不计分。

My English teacher recommended me to take a part in an English speech competition. But I doubt that I have the ability to win. As is known to all my classmates that I can speak English as if he were a native speaker. However, I dare not voice my opinions, especial in public. My best friend Lily has been encouraged me to accept the challenge. On her opinion, whether I can win the competition or not doesn’t matter as long I try my best. Encouraged by her, I have decided to having a try, challenging myself. I must conquer my shy. Wish myself good luck.

 

One day,I took a bus to downtown as usual.1.I got on the bus,I took a seat and started reading a newspaper just as I often did.No one spoke on the bus.Although we might see the same faces every day,we2.(prefer) hiding behind our newspapers3.

talking to people around us.

     However,that day was different.While I was reading some news,the woman4.(sit) next to me said,”Excuse me,Miss.”I was surprised and ran into 5.(confuse).After putting down the newspaper,I saw6.smiling face.”Are you talking to me?”I asked.She nodded,still smiling.When I looked around,I found some other people were talking.”That’s strange,”I said to7.(me)

   Later,I found out the reason.The 8.(pasenger) had been asked to put their newspapers down and talk to each other by the bus driver .After I knew it,I started talking with the woman9.(happy).

   I had always been glad 10.(talk) with others on the bus.But since no one did that,I had to be quiet,too.Now I could finally talk with others on the bus and it made my trip much more pleasant.

 

My father left for our native place on Thursday. In fact, he had never traveled by ______ before, so I just took this opportunity to let him ______ his first flight. ______ being asked to book a ticket by train, I got him a ticket on Jet Airways. The moment I handed over the ticket to him, he was surprised. The ______ was very apparent on his face as we waited for the time of the ______. Just like a schoolboy, he was ______ himself on that day, using the trolley (手推车) for his luggage and asking for a window seat. He was ______ enjoying himself and I, too, watching him experience all these things with ______. As he was about to go in for the security check-in, he walked up to me with tears in his eyes and ______ me. He became very ______ for what I had done meant a great deal to him. I told him there was no need to thank me.

Later, I ______ my life. As a child, how many dreams had our parents made come true? Without ______ the financial situation, we asked for dresses, toys, outings, etc. They tried to ______ all our needs. Did we ever say thanks for all they had done for us? Today ______ it comes to our children, we always think we should give them the best. But we tend to ______ that our parents have sacrificed(牺牲) a lot to see us happy, so it is our ______ to make sure their dreams are realized.

Old age is like a second childhood and just as we take care of our children, the same ______ needs to be given to our parents. I want to say sorry for making my father ______ so long for this small dream to be realized.

Just the fact that they are old does not mean that they will have to ______ everything and keep sacrificing. They have ______, too.

Take care of your parents. They are precious.

1.A. bus    B. train    C. ship    D. air

2.A. catch    B. miss    C. experience    D. change

3.A. In spite of    B. Because of    C. In case of    D. Instead of

4.A. pride    B. excitement    C. admiration    D. ambition

5.A. appointment    B. dream    C. travel    D. show

6.A. encouraging    B. warning    C. teaching    D. preparing

7.A. thoroughly    B. slowly    C. immediately    D. suddenly

8.A. anger    B. joy    C. shyness    D. curiosity

9.A. helped    B. patted    C. thanked    D. praised

10.A. honest    B. childish    C. nervous    D. emotional

11.A. looked for    B. looked down upon    C. looked into    D. looked back on

12.A. understanding    B. describing    C. solving    D. improving

13.A. avoid    B. meet    C. record    D. check

14.A. unless    B. because    C. when    D. though

15.A. learn    B. express    C. promise    D. forget

16.A. ability    B. responsibility    C. freedom    D. fortune

17.A. song    B. advice    C. attention    D. thing

18.A. struggle    B. wait    C. rest    D. stand

19.A. hand in    B. pick up    C. pay off    D. give up

20.A. wishes    B. jobs    C. plans    D. suggestions

 

Being a good friend isnt always easy,but taking the time to develop a lasting friendship is worth the effort.As the years pass,you will realize that each friendship you keep is priceless.1. To be a good friend and deepen a friendship,just follow these steps.

Keep your promises.

Dont ever make a promise that you cant keep.If you say youll hang out with a friend and an unexpected situation arises,explain the situation.Give your friend a gift and tell him or her you are sorry.Nobody is perfect,and its okay if you break a promise once in a blue moon.2.

Apologize when youve made a mistake.

3.Though your friend wont be happy that you made a mistake,he or she will be very pleased that you admit it instead of just pretending that nothing is wrong.

4.

To be truly supportive,you will have to be able to watch out for your friend when he/she is having a difficult time.If you sense that your friend is getting into some trouble,help him or her away from the situation by not being afraid to speak up about it.

Give your friend some space when he or she needs it.

Part of being supportive means supporting the fact that your friend wont always want to spend time with you.Learn to step back and give your friend space.5. Dont be jealous (嫉妒的) if your friend has lots of other friends.

A.However,dont make it a regular thing.

B.Help your friend deal with his or her struggles.

C.Learn to forgive your friend and move forward.

D.Of course,to have a good friend,you must be one.

E.If you want your friend to believe in you,you cant act like youre perfect.

F.Understand if your friend wants to be alone or to have a walk with other people.

G.Take the time to truly understand your friend when he or she is talking to you.

 

While astronauts in space get to do many exciting things, they miss out on ordinary things that we will take for granted—being able to walk on firm ground, hanging out with family and digging into a slice of hot steaming pizza. Though not much can be done about the first two things, there may soon be a solution to the third one, thanks to this cool 3-D pizza printer.

About a year ago, NASA offered $125,000 to Anjan Contractor, a 3-D technology expert, to build a device that would allow astronauts to make pizza on demand. The mechanical engineer promised that his invention would produce pies in large quantities that looked, tasted and even smelled like pizza made in common ovens.

Late last year, the engineer presented a video of his first prototype(原型) that begins by creating a single slice of dough that is cooked and printed at the same time. Then comes the tomato sauce--a mix of tomato powder, oil and water and finally, a protein slice that resembles cheese. While the video doesn't show the baking process, the inventor says that once the pizza is printed, it can be ready to be consumed in 7 seconds.

While the pie in the video looks delicious enough to attract any pizza lover, Anjan Contractor is far from ready for astronauts. That's because he still has to find a solution to make the food container in the printer last for 30 years. Though that may sound unrealistic ,actually it is not.

Anjan Contractor believes that the only way that is possible is that the water is removed from all the ingredients and then they are reduced to the powder form. This, as you can imagine, will not be so easy. But, while the printer may not be ready for space, it certainly looks ready enough for people on earth. Hopefully, NASA and Contractor will consider selling it to those not fortunate enough to go to Mars !

1.NASA offered $125,000 to Anjan Contractor mainly to ____.

A. create some new type of 3-D printer

B. attract more companies to work for NASA

C. help astronauts in space enjoy fresh pizza one day

D. produce pizza in large quantities to earn great profits

2.The biggest challenge that Anjan Contractor is faced with now is probably that ____

A. he has no money left to go on with his research

B. the pizza doesn't seem appetizing to pizza lovers

C. he has no way to make pizza that can last for thirty years

D. he cannot make the food container last for decades

3.What's the best title of the passage?

A. NASA is trying its best to help astronauts eat better

B. Astronauts may soon be able to enjoy steaming hot pizza

C. NASA is working on making pizza for common people

D. A 3-D pizza printer has been used to make pizza

 

The spread of Western eating habits around the world is bad for human health and for the environment. Those findings come from a new report in the journal Nature.

David Tilman is a professor at the University of Minnesota. In the study, he examined information from 100 nations to show what people ate and how diet affected health. Mr. Tilman noted a movement beginning in the 1960s. He found that as nations industrialized(工业化), population increased and earnings rose. More people began to adopt what has been called the Western diet. The Western diet is high in sugar, fat, oil and meat. By eating these foods, people began to get fatter and sicker.

“The food, let us say, in the 15 richest nations of the world, right now contains about 400 or 500 extra calories(热量) a day that are eaten beyond what people need, and that leads people to gain weight.”

David Tillman says overweight people are at greater risk for diseases like diabetes, heart disease and some cancers. Diabetes is shooting to very high rates in the United States and across Europe. Heart disease is a major cause of death in the Western nations. Unfortunately when people become industrialized, if they adopt this Western diet, they are going to have these same health problems.

A diet bad for human beings, it seems, is also bad for the environment. As the world’s population grows, experts say more forests and areas will become farmland for crops or grasslands for raising cattle. These areas will be needed to meet the increasing demand for food.

Mr. Tilman calls the link between diet, the environment and human health, “a dilemma”, a situation where it is very difficult to decide what to do. He says one possible solution is leaving the Western diet behind.

1.Why did people get fatter in the 1960s?

A. They ate foods high in calories.

B. They adopted a western lifestyle.

C. They set aside little time for exercise.

D. They had a better life and became lazier.

2.According to the text, overweight people may suffer the following diseases EXCEPT_______.

A. diabetes    B. skin disease

C. cancers    D. heart disease

3.What can we infer from Paragraph 5?

A. There will be fewer and fewer forests.

B. People won’t care about the environment.

C. The world’s population will grow faster than ever.

D. Raising cattle will be the most moneymaking business.

4.What is the purpose of the author in writing this passage?

A. To tell people effective ways to keep healthy.

B. To call on people to give up the Western diet.

C. To show the problems industrialized nations are facing.

D. To draw people’s attention to environmental protection.

 

The arts, especially music, should be part of every school's lessons at every grade level. Students would be much smarter if they had some musical experience. They could improve their classroom skills, like paying attention and following directions. People develop all these skills when they learn music. Making music also lets children use their imagination. It provides students with a chance to try out their own ideas.

Music not only makes children better students, but also gives them something positive to do. In a music program, children can be part of a band instead of joining a gang (团伙). Parents can enjoy listening to their children's music instead of seeing them____a computer or TV screen. In a school band, students get to be part of a team. They can get along well with old friends and make new friends through music.

Music builds self-confidence, too. It gives children a sense of achievement and success. Making music is something for them to be proud of, and it lets kids practice performing in front of an audience. Music gives children an opportunity for self-expression, and that helps develop their self-confidence.

Once again, music is important because it can make children better students, give them something positive to do, and build their character. That is why music should be offered in every single grade in every school.

1.According to the passage, music could make students smarter by _______________.

A. improving their classroom skills and paying attention

B. improving their classroom skills and imagination

C. improving their attention, direction and imagination

D. learning music, making music and trying out their own ideas

2.What does the underlined phrase "glued to" in the second paragraph mean?

A. unwilling to turn on    B. always looking

C. unwilling to leave    D. always playing

3.The third paragraph mainly tells us that music could _______________.

A. give children self-expression and self-confidence

B. bring to children achievement and success

C. give children something to be proud of

D. develop children's self-confidence

4.What's the best title of this passage

A. Music is a must as a course at school

B. Music builds children's self-confidence

C. Music makes students much smarter

D. Learning music and making music

 

There are a lot of products out there that make your life easier. Some, however, are a little sillier than others — so much that they seem like joke products. Here are a few products that sound crazy, but actually rule.

Sleep Phones

It’s hard to imagine something sillier than a music-playing headband you wear while you sleep, but they exist — and are quite popular. Sleep Phones won’t give you the highest quality sound in the world, but if you prefer to fall asleep to music, they’re far more comfortable than normal headphones. While they’re a bit expensive, they might be perfect for you. There’s also a wireless version (版本) if you prefer.

Onion Goggles

If cutting onion____________no matter what you try, it’s time for desperate measures. We tested a bunch of methods for avoiding onion tears, and found the best solutions came down to cutting the onion under a vent (通风孔), or wearing these stylish and awesome goggles.

Lock Laces

There’re some great ways to tie your shoes better, but if you long for the laceless shoes of your childhood days, Lock Laces are a pretty good choice. They’re basically elastic (有弹性的) laces that remove the need to tie your shoes. Sure, people will make fun of you, but you can make fun of them after they trip over their own untied laces. Or you can make your own slip-on shoes with elastic tubing.

2D-Glasses

Hate 3D-movies, but have to go to one? The difference between 2D-glasses and 3D-glasses lies in their lenses (镜片). Each lens of 2D-glasses blocks the same picture, so each eye gets the same picture, while each lens of 3D-glasses blocks a different picture, so each eye gets a different picture which the brain interprets as 3D. Now you have a pair of glasses that can save you from the headache caused by wearing 3D-glasses which are popular in our movie theaters. You can buy them or make a pair for yourself.

1.What do we know about Sleep Phones?

A. There are two versions.

B. They’re comfortable but unhealthy.

C. They give you the best quality sound.

D. They’re cheaper than other headphones.

2.The underlined part “brings on the waterworks” in the text probably means _____.

A. makes your eyes water

B. makes your fingers hurt

C. destroys your water pipes

D. adds to your washing work

3.What is the advantage of Lock Laces?

A. They are strong and lasting.

B. They help you walk comfortably.

C. They are stylish and eco-friendly.

D. They save you from tying your shoes.

4.Compared with 3D-glasses, 2D-glasses _____.

A. are cheaper and thinner

B. won’t give you a headache

C. let you see a different picture

D. are more popular in movie theaters

 

假如你是李华。你的朋友Tommy是一个手机低头族,无论站着、坐着、走着,他都在低头玩手机。请就此给Tommy写一封信。

内容包括:1.做手机低头族的危害; 2.希望他改掉这个坏习惯。

注意:

1.词数100左右;

2.可适当增加细节,以使行文连贯;

3.开头语和结尾语已给出,不计入总词数。

参考词汇:过度使用overuse

Dear Tommy,

There seems to be a trend that people now tend to play with their cell phones no matter where they are. And I know you are not an exception.

_____________________________________

 

文中共有10处语言错误,每句中最多有两处。每处错误仅涉及一个单词的增加、删除或修改。

增加:在缺词处加一个漏字符号(∧),并在其下面写出该加的词。

删除:把多余的词用斜线(\)划掉。

修改:在错的词下画一横线,并在该词下面写出修改后的词。

注意:1.每处错误及其修改均仅限一词;

2.只允许修改10处,多者(从第11处起)不计分。

My hometown is a mountain village. The trees there were very green but the water is quite clean. I can even clearly see the fish to swim in the mountain streams. When the night come, the air is much cool than that in the daytime. People like to walk out their homes and have a get-together. I often run along the village happy. Unlike big cities, there the air is polluted and the buildings are high, my village is quite different. The star hang in the sky. When I look at theirs, they are so close to me. It seems as if I could touch them. The night here is so wonderful.

 

Like the native Chinese, some foreigners have started to join their Chinese friends 1. sending or grabbing virtual red packets during the Spring Festival and other special 2. (occasion).

3.(attract) by the unique way of interacting with people as well as the culture that gave birth to the phenomenon, many foreigners say competing with friends to grab red packets in 4. WeChat group can be a lot of fun.

Mattias Klement, 27, a Swede 5. has been living in China for years, said more foreigners have started to take part in this 6. (active) because of the popularity of WeChat wallet.

"I think it is 7. (main) because more and more places now allow paying with WeChat. It’s also fun to just involve 8. (you) in the culture of it," said Klement. Two years ago, when some friends 9. (send) him 5.20 or 8.88 Yuan red packets, he had no clue about the hidden meanings. Now, he is not only quite familiar with them but also has been used to sending some.

"It’s nice to be able to say ‘I love you’ with 5.20 Yuan, I guess," he said, laughing. "I also remember 10. (try) to tick some of my friends off by paying back 99.99 instead of 100 just for fun.”

 

While high school does not generally encourage students to explore new aspects of life, college sets the stage for that exploration. I myself went through this ______ process and found something that has changed my ______ at college for the better: I discovered ASL—American Sign Language (美式英语).

I never felt an urge to ______ any sign language before. My entire family is hearing, and so are all my friends. The ______ languages were enough in all my interactions (交往). Little did I know that I would discover my ______ for ASL.

The ______ began during my first week at college. I watched as the ASL Club ______ their translation of a song. Both the hand movements and the very ______ of communicating without speaking ______ me. What I saw was completely unlike anything I had experienced in the ______. This newness just left me ______ more.

After that, feeling the need to ______ further. I decided to drop in on one of ASL club’s meetings. I only learned how to ______ the alphabet that day. Yet instead of being discouraged by my ______ progress, I was excited. I then made it a point to ______ those meetings and learn all I could.

The following term, I ______ an ASL class. The professor was deaf and any talking was ______. I soon realized that the silence was not unpleasant. ______, if there had been any talking, it would have ______ us to learn less. Now, I appreciate the silence and the ______ way of communication it opens.

1.A. searching    B. planning    C. natural    D. formal

2.A. progress    B. experience    C. major    D. opinion

3.A. choose    B. read    C. learn    D. create

4.A. official    B. foreign    C. body    D. spoken

5.A. love    B. concern    C. goal    D. request

6.A. meeting    B. trip    C. story    D. task

7.A. recorded    B. performed    C. recited    D. discussed

8.A. idea    B. amount    C. dream    D. reason

9.A. disturbed    B. supported    C. embarrassed    D. attracted

10.A. end    B. past    C. course    D. distance

11.A. showing    B. acting    C. saying    D. wanting

12.A. exercise    B. explore    C. express    D. explain

13.A. print    B. write    C. sign    D. count

14.A. slow    B. steady    C. normal    D. obvious

15.A. chair    B. sponsor    C. attend    D. organize

16.A. missed    B. passed    C. gave up    D. registered for

17.A. prohibited    B. welcomed    C. ignored    D. repeated

18.A. Lastly    B. Thus    C. Instead    D. However

19.A. required    B. caused    C. allowed    D. expected

20.A. easy    B. popular    C. quick    D. new

 

The Bystander (旁观者) Effect

When an emergency situation occurs, observers are more likely to take action if there are few or no other witnesses. 1.

The bystander effect is also called the Genovese effect, which is named after Catherine “Kitty” Genovese, a young woman who was cruelly murdered on March 13, 1964. Early in the morning, 28-year-old Genovese was returning home from work. As she approached her apartment entrance, she was attacked and stabbed (刺) by a man later identified as Winston Moseley. Despite Genovese's repeated cries for help, 2. The attack first began at 3:20, but it was not until 3:50 that someone first contacted police.

Many psychologists were set thinking by the incident, as well as most Americans. As the conclusion, the bystander effect came out and later proved by a series of studies and experiments.

There are two major factors that contribute to the bystander effect. 3. Because there are other observers, individuals do not feel as much pressure to take action, since the responsibility to take action is thought to be shared among all of those present. The second reason is the need to behave in correct and socially acceptable ways. When other observers fail to react, individuals often take this as a signal that a response is not needed or not appropriate.

4. In the case of Kitty Genovese, many of the 38 witnesses reported that they believed that they were witnessing a "lovers' quarrel", and 5..

A. They hesitate and assess the risk of getting hurt

B. This phenomenon is referred to as the bystander effect.

C. Other researchers have found that onlookers are less likely to take action if the situation is unclear.

D. First, the presence of other people creates a division of responsibility.

E. they did not realize that the young woman was actually being murdered.

F. none of the people in the nearby apartment building who heard her cries called police for help.

G. the attacker didn’t stop stabbing her.

 

Metro Pocket Guide

Metrorail(地铁)

Each passenger needs a farecard to enter and go out. Up to two children under five may travel free with a paying customer.

Farecard machine are in every station, Bring small bills because there are no change machines in the station and farecard machine only provide up to $ 5 in change.

Get one of unlimited Metrorail rides with a One Day Pass. Buy it from a farecard machine in Metro stations. Use it after 9:30 a.m. until closing on weekdays, and all day on weekends and holidays.

Hours of Service

Open: 5 a.m. Mon-Fri           7a.m. Sat—Sun.

Close midnight Sun—Thur.      3. a.m. Fri— Sat. nights

Last train times vary. To avoid missing the last train, please check the last train time posted in the station.

Metrobus

When paying with exact change, the fare is $ 1.35. When paying with a smatTrip CARD the fare is $1.25

Fares for the Senior /disabled customers

Senior citizens 65 and older and disabled customers may ride for half the regular fare. On Metrorail and Metrobus, use a senior/disabled farecard or SmarTrip card. For more information about buying senior/disabled farecards, farecard or SmarTripR card and passes, please visit MetroOpenDoors.com or call 202-637-7000 and 202-637-8000.

Senior citizens and disabled customers can get free guide on how to use proper Metrobus and Metrorail services by calling 202-962-1100

Travel tips

. Avoid riding during weekday rush periods –before 9:30 a.m. and between 4 and 6 p.m.

. If you lose something on a bus or train or in a station, please call Lost & Found at 202-962-1195.

1.What should you know about farecard machine?

A. They start selling tickets at 9:30 a.m.

B. They are connected to change machines.

C. They offer special service to the elderly.

D. They make change for no more than $5.

2.At what time does Metrorail stop service on Saturday?

A. At midnight    B. at 3 a.m.

C. at 5 am    D. at 7 p.m.

3.What is good about a SmarTrip card?

A. It is convenient for old people    B. It saves money for its users[

C. it can be bought at any time    D. it is sold on the Internet

4.Which number should you call if you lose something on the Metro?

A. 202-962-1195    B. 202-962-1100

C. 202-673-7000    D. 202-673-8000

 

Recently I started discovering one thing which amazes me so much: how perfect everything is in the world we are living in! Just look, all day long we are busy working and just when we get tired, the night comes in, so we may sleep and relax. One day we may enjoy the bright sun and another day, when we get tired of the sun, the rain pours down.

A few months ago I was so happy with my life. Later, I got tired from the happiness. I wished I would have some trial to strengthen my character and learn something new about life. I got what I wanted. Shortly after I got severe angina (心绞痛), so I had to stay home for several weeks. During this period I had time to rethink my life and discover myself. The lessons were terrific, but I felt grateful for this time.

Another example: I have a friend, who primarily thinks about having fun. Once I thought why we get along well with each other and what in me attracts her. A couple of days ago I found the answer. I like calmness and silence. She likes noise and agitation (热闹). We attract each other just to balance ourselves, in other words, to give some drive to me and some calmness to her!

So remember that the universe is so wise that it will try to balance you. As for me, this is perfect because extremes create suffering: too much food – too little food, too cold – too hot, too much fun – too little fun.

1.We can learn from the first paragraph that the author___.

A. always feels down on rainy days

B. always tries his best to do everything

C. feels happy with everything in life

D. is amazed at the changes in life

2.The example given in the third paragraph is to show that___.

A. it’s necessary to get along with different people

B. there exists a kind of balance in life

C. a person shouldn’t just think of fun in life

D. one should put others’ interests above his own

3.The author would probably agree that___.

A. we shouldn’t go to extremes in life

B. we should be nice to others and ourselves

C. we should adapt ourselves to changes in life

D. life can be annoying sometimes

 

Since the first Earth Day in 1970, Americans have gotten a lot “greener” toward the environment. “We didn’t know at that time there even was an environment, let alone that there was a problem with it,” says Bruce Anderson, president of Earth Day USA.

But what began as nothing important in public affairs has grown into a social movement .Business people, political leaders, university professors, and especially millions of grass-roots Americans are taking part in the movement. “The understanding has increased many, many times,” says Gaylord Nelson, the former governor from Wisconsin, who thought up the first. According to US government reports, emissions (排放)from cars and trucks have dropped from 10.3 million tons a year to 5.5 tons .The number of cities producing CO beyond the standard has been reduced from 40 to 9. Although serious problems still remain and need to be dealt with, the world is a safer and healthier place. A kind of “Green thinking” has become part of practices.

Great improvement has been achieved. In 1988 there were only 600 recycling programs; today in 1995 there are about 6,600. Advanced lights, motors, and building designs have helped save a lot of energy and therefore prevented pollution.

Twenty –five years ago, there were hardly any education programs for environment. Today, it’s hard to find a public school, university, or law school that does not have such a kind of program. “Until we do that, nothing else will change!” say Bruce Anderson.

1.According to Anderson, before 1970, Americans had little idea about ___

A. the social movement    B. recycling techniques

C. environmental problems    D. the importance of Earth Day

2.Where does the support for environmental protection mainly come from?

A. The grass –roots level    B. The business circle

C. Government officials    D. University professors

3.What have Americans achieved in environmental protection?

A. They have cut car emissions to the lowest

B. They have settled their environmental problems

C. They have lowered their CO levels in forty cities.

D. They have reduced pollution through effective measures.

4.What is especially important for environmental protection according to the last paragraph?

A. Education    B. Planning

C. Green living    D. CO reduction

 

Arriving in Sydney on his own from India, my husband, Rashid, stayed in a hotel for a short time while looking for a house for me and our children.

During the first week of his stay, he went out one day to do some shopping. He came back in the late afternoon to discover that his suitcase was gone. He was extremely worried as the suitcase had all his important papers, including his passport.

He reported the case to the police and then sat there,lost and lonely in strange city, thinking of the terrible troubles of getting all the paperwork organized again from a distant country while trying to settle down in a new one.

Late in the evening, the phone rang. It was a stranger. He was trying to pronounce my husband’s name and was asking him a lot of questions. Then he said they had found a pile of papers in their trash can(垃圾桶)that had been left out on the footpath.

My husband rushed to their home to find a kind family holding all his papers and documents. Their young daughter had gone to the trash can and found a pile of unfamiliar papers. Her parents had carefully sorted them out, although they had found mainly foreign addresses on most of the documents. At last they had seen a half-written letter in the pile in which my husband had given his new telephone number to a friend.

That family not only restored the important documents to us that day but also restored our faith and trust in people. We still remember their kindness and often send a warm wish their way.

1.What did Rashid plan to do after his arrival in Sydney?

A. Go shopping    B. Find a house

C. Join his family    D. Take his family

2.The girl’s parents got Rashid’s phone number from_______.

A. a friend of his family    B. a Sydney policeman

C. a letter in his papers    D. a stranger in Sydney

3.What does the underlined word “restored” in the last paragraph mean?[

A. Showed    B. Sent out

C. Delivered    D. Gave back

4.Which of the following can be the best title for the text?

A. From India to Australia.    B. Living in a New Country.

C. Turning Trash to Treasure.    D. In Search of New Friends.

 

Love Tunnel sees lots of love and trash

Bearing a resemblance to the forest-surrounded “Love Tunnel” in Ukraine, the two­kilometer tunnel in Jiangning district Nanjing saw a recent rise in popularity as more than 2,000 tourists paid a visit every day this summer.The high number of visitors caused traffic safety concerns and increased the workload of sanitation workers.The Nanjing government had intended to cut the trees by the end of 2014.After the Nanjing government was forced to draft plans to cut the trees due to public pressure, visitors poured into a railway section that runs through thick forest for sightseeing and to take photos this weekend, leaving the railway with overwhelming piles of trash.

However, in response to the government's plan, complaints and outcries were made by the citizens that the love tunnel should be reserved.They claim that walking along the leafy green tunnel is like entering a fairy tale, and a possible decision to tear down the trees could bring the story to a pitiful end.

注释:sanitation 卫生

【写作内容】

1.以大约30个词左右概括短文的内容要点;

2.以大约120个词谈谈你对爱情隧道该不该保留的看法,并说出你的理由。

【写作要求】

1.作文中可以使用亲身经历或虚构的故事,也可以参照阅读材料的内容,但不能直接引用原文中的句子;

2.作文中不能出现真实姓名和学校名称。

【评分标准】

概括准确,语言规范,内容合适,篇章连贯。

____________________________________________________________________________________________

____________________________________________________________________________________________

____________________________________________________________________________________________

____________________________________________________________________________________________

____________________________________________________________________________________________

____________________________________________________________________________________________

____________________________________________________________________________________________

_________________________________________________________________

 

Shared habits of happy people

Happy people all share happy habits.It's as simple as that.The happiest people I know share these obvious habits.If you're looking to expand your general happiness, you may consider adopting these in your own life.

People may take an active role in their local city council, join a social club supporting causes they believe in, or find passion in their careers.In each case, the physiological outcome is the same.They engage in something they strongly believe in.This engagement brings happiness and meaning into their lives.

A happy life is a life shared with friends and family.The stronger the personal relationships are and the higher the frequency of interaction is, the happier a person will be.

Quite often people concentrate too much on negative outcomes and leave no time to reflect positively on their successes.It's natural for a person to want to correct undesirable circumstances and focus closely on doing so, but it is important to reflect mindfully on the good while striving diligently to correct the bad.A continuous general awareness of your daily successes can have a noticeably positive effect on your overall emotional happiness.

The power of endings is quite remarkable.The end of any experience has a great impact on a person's overall perception(看法) of the experience as a whole.Think about reading a well­written novel.Now imagine the ending is really poor.Even if the story was appealing until the ending, would you still be happy recommending the novel to a friend? People always remember the ending.If the ending is happy, the experience creates happiness.Always tie loose ends, leave things on a good note, and create happy endings in your life whenever possible.

Everyone possesses unique personal strengths.We all have different talents and skill sets.Emotional happiness comes naturally to those who use their strengths to get things done.The state of completion always creates a sense of achievement.If the achievement is based on your own personal ability to get the job done, the physiological rewards are priceless.

The best things in life are free.They come in the form of simple pleasures and they appear right in front of you at previous locations and arbitrary times.They are governed by Mother Nature and situational circumstances and captured by mindful awareness.It's all about taking a moment to notice the orange and pink sunset reflecting off the pond water as you hold hands with someone you love.Noticing these moments and taking part in them regularly will bring unplanned bursts of happiness into your life.

Shared habits

Explanations

Be a part of something you believe in

If people are engaged in what they strongly believe in, it brings happiness and 1. into their lives.

2. time with friends and family

If the personal relationships are stronger and the interaction is more 3., a person will be happier.

4. on the good

If people often concentrate their attention on 5. outcomes, it will result in their overall emotional happiness.

Create happy endings whenever

6.

If the ending is happy, the 7. will bring happiness to you.

Use personal strengths to

get things done

It is 8. that emotional happiness comes to those who use their personal strengths to get things done.

Enjoy the natural joy of simple pleasures

If you are able to 9. the simple natural pleasures and enjoy them, it will bring unplanned bursts of happiness into your 10..

 

 

 

A new collection of photos brings an unsuccessful  Antarctic voyage back to life.

Frank Hurley's  pictures would  be outstanding—undoubtedly first­rate photo­journalism—if they had been made last week.In fact,they were shot from 1914 through 1916, most of them after a disastrous shipwreck(海难), by a cameraman who had no reasonable expectation of survival.Many of the images were stored in an ice chest, under freezing water, in the damaged wooden ship.

The ship was the Endurance, a small, tight, Norwegian­built three­master that was intended to take Sir Ernest Shackleton and a small crew of seamen and scientists, 27 men in all,to the southernmost shore of Antarctica's Weddell Sea.From that point Shackleton wanted to force a passage by dog sled (雪橇) across the continent.The journey was intended to achieve more than what Captain Robert Falcon Scott had done.Captain Scott had reached the South Pole early in 1912 but had died with his four companions on the march back.

As writer Caroline Alexander makes clear in her forceful and well­researched story The Endurance, adventuring was even then a thoroughly commercial effort.Scott's last journey,completed as he lay in a tent dying of cold and hunger, caught the world's imagination, and a film made in his honor drew crowds.Shackleton, a onetime British merchant­navy officer who had got to within 100 miles of the South Pole in 1908, started a business before his 1914 voyage to make money from movie and still photography.Frank Hurley, a confident and gifted Australian photographer who knew the Antarctic,was hired to make the images, most of which have never before been published.

1.What do we know about the photos taken by Hurley?

A. They were made last week.

B. They showed undersea sceneries.

C. They were found by a cameraman.

D. They recorded a disastrous adventure.

2.Who reached the South Pole first according to the text?

A. Frank Hurley.

B. Ernest Shackleton.

C. Robert Falcon Scott.

D. Caroline Alexander.

3.What does Alexander think was the purpose of the 1914 voyage?

A. Artistic creation.    B. Scientific research.

C. Money making.    D. Treasure hunting.

 

You have a backache; your legs are painful after a basketball match—what better than a relaxing massage (按摩)?

Scientists now say they have figured out the reason why a massage brings comfort. They say a massage changes how some of your proteins (蛋白质) act.This makes your muscles less inflamed (发炎的), according to the Los Angeles Times.

The leader of the study, Professor Mark Tarnopolsky at McMaster University, Canada, chose several healthy young men for the experiment.He asked them to do very tiring exercise. Then he looked at how the cells changed in their legs.After this, the men were given a massage on only one leg and Tarnopolsky recorded any cell changes again.

Tarnopolsky and his team found that massaging made the inflammation caused by exercise get better because it weakened the activity of a protein called NF­kB.

Scientists also noticed that massaging helped cells recover from exercise damage.When muscles were being massaged, the amount of another protein called PGC­lalpha increased. This kind of protein can stimulate (促进) the growth of a tiny part inside cells called mitochondria (线粒体).

People used to think that massaging eases pain by clearing away the lactic acid (乳酸) which built up after exercise. However, Tarnopolsky and his team didn't see any changes to lactic acid.

Thomas Birk is a professor at Wayne State University, US. He said that the study was the first he had seen to analyze massage in such depth.  He said they wanted to start research 10 years ago, but technology was not yet good enough.

One day massages could be used to treat injuries and muscle disease. They may even be able to replace some anti­inflammatory medicines, said Birk. But, he said, more research is needed for masseurs (按摩师) to figure out the best massages for different diseases.

1.What is the article mainly about?

A. A new way to massage.

B. The best way to relax after doing sports.

C. New research into massages.

D. The advantages of a massage.

2.How can a massage bring comfort according to the article?

A. It weakens the activity of the protein NF­kB.

B. It helps protein recover from exercise damage.

C. It can clear away the mitochondria in muscles.

D. It can prevent inflammation in muscles.

3.What does the underlined word “eases” in Paragraph 6 probably mean?

A. makes easier    B. reduces

C. puts up with    D. stops

4.Which of the following statements is TRUE?

A. It was believed that massages cleared away lactic acid.

B. Research into massages started 10 years ago.

C. Massages are used to treat muscle diseases in hospitals.

D. Massages will reduce the amount of protein PGC­lalpha.

 

Since people first launched  rockets  into space in the 1950s, we have been leaving behind all sorts of  things. Some of them,  like the camera, were lost by astronauts while they did work outside their spacecraft. But much of the space junk is made up of little pieces of things that were once bigger objects, until they struck each other and broke apart.

Some things we send into space fall back toward Earth and burn up in the atmosphere. But larger pieces sometimes survive the extreme heat and hit the ground or the ocean at great speeds. So there is always concern that something may fall from the sky and do some harm.

But space junk falling on roofs is not the biggest worry. Scientists are concerned about the “Kessler” problem. Imagine what happens when an empty rocket strikes another while orbiting the earth.  Two  big things become many smaller things.  They  then hit other things. The pieces get smaller and smaller until they form a cloud of junk that blocks the path of future space vehicles.

Marco Castronuovo, an Italian Space Agency researcher, says launching a satellite into space that would get very close to some of the larger pieces of space junk. The satellite would connect a small rocket to the useless object. When the rocket explodes, it pushes the junk into a lower and slower orbit, nearer the Earth. After a time,  the junk burns up in the atmosphere. Mr.Castronuovo has proposed using a number of small satellites with robotic arms. One arm would catch the space junk, and another arm would connect the rocket. He imagines that each satellite could jump from one large piece of junk to another. He thinks this method could destroy about ten large objects each year.

Scientists have been concerned about space junk for many years. Right now, the costs of the clean­up have been too great. Mr.Castronuovo says his system could be put in place for a much more reasonable amount of money. So what can be done to clean up the space around our planet?

1.We can learn from the text that much of the space junk ________.

A. was left by the astronauts on purpose

B. is mainly made up of broken spaceship

C. is usually made of small pieces of things

D. burns up before it reaches the atmosphere

2.Now scientists are most worried that space junk will ________.

A. harm the future space vehicles

B. do some harm to the atmosphere

C. fall on people's house roofs

D. destroy the habitat of wildlife

3.It implies in the last but one paragraph that ________.

A. clearing up the space will actually cost little

B. small rockets also do harm to the atmosphere

C. only robots can clear up the space completely

D. it is still difficult for us to clear up the space

4.What is the text mainly about?

A. Space junk threatens earth's orbital environment.

B. Scientists use different methods to clear up space junk.

C. Spacecrafts will meet with a lot of space junk in the future.

D. Marco comes up with many methods to deal with space junk.

 

The best kept secret in San Diego is waiting to offer you a delightful getaway—without leaving town.

Less than three years ago, the Parisi Hotel was just an office building above the shops on the corner of Prospect Street. Now, that valuable space is an intimate luxury hotel with several rooms overlooking  the ocean. You'll be amazed when you enter from the corner and ascend the curving staircase to the second­floor lobby.  It will take you into a different world.

What  will  you find when you enter the large contemporary lobby is a hand some and peaceful space that was designed with a hint of Tuscany in its modern Mediterranean style. The lobby has a large fire place with comfortable sofas in warm neutral colors surrounding it. You'll feel relaxed just sitting there—with its skylight overhead letting in the morning sun.  All the rooms are more like suites (套间), with  large  comfortable  beds,  beautiful baths and stylish custom­designed furnishings and art throughout.

The Parisi Hotel is the perfect place for seniors because it's quiet and restful—with only 20 rooms.  You won't find many hotels like this in the center of a tourist town.

The shops are all around you.  Likewise for some of the city's best restaurants, you will never have to take your car out of the garage during your stay.  And, by the way, the underground parking lot at the Parisi Hotel is free for hotel guests.

Once you stay at this little gem (珍品),  you'll want to return again and again. I know we do. It's a perfect place for seniors.

Rates  for  standard  suites  begin  at $ 275. You can call the hotel for reservation at (858)454­1513. The Parisi Hotel is located at 1111 Prospect St.  right across from La Valencia.

1.What does the underlined word “ascend” in Para.2 mean?

A. Find.    B. Change.

C. Use.    D. Climb.

2.When you enter the lobby, you will find that ________.

A. it is decorated  with  Mediterranean furniture

B. the walls are painted in bright colors

C. a large fireplace is burning all the time

D. sunlight comes through the window in the roof

3.The Parisi Hotel is perfect for old people because ________.

A. all the rooms are like suites with beautiful ocean view

B. it can give them the sense of peace

C. it is convenient for them to go shopping

D. it has stylish custom­designed furnishings and art throughout

4.According to the passage,________.

A. the price of the suites in the Parisi Hotel varies

B. the Parisi Hotel has furniture specially designed for old people

C. the Parisi Hotel is located in a secret place in San Diego

D. you must make a reservation before entering the hotel

 

A little  girl lived in a simple and poor house on a hill. Usually she ______ play in the small garden. She could see over the garden fence and across the valley a wonderful house with shining golden windows high on another hill.______ she loved her parents and her family, she desired to live in such a house and ______all day about how wonderful and exciting  ______must feel to live there.

At the age when she gained some ______ skill and sensibility (识别力), she ______ her mother for a bike ride ______ the garden. Her mother finally allowed her to go,______ her keeping close to the house and not  ______ too far. The day was beautiful. The little girl knew______ where she was heading! ______ the hill and across the valley, she rode to the ______ of the golden house.

______ she got off her bike and put it against the gate post, she focused on the path______to the house and then on the house itself.She was very disappointed when she ______ that all the windows were ______ and rather dirty.

So ______and heart­broken, she didn't go any further. She ______, and all of a sudden she saw an amazing ______. There on the other side of the valley was a little house and its windows were golden. Looking at her little home, she______ that she had been living in her golden house filled with love and care. Everything she dreamed was right there in front of her house.

1.A. might    B. should    C. would    D. must

2.A. Unless    B. Although    C. Since    D. But

3.A. dreamed    B. worried    C. asked    D. shouted

4.A. this    B. that    C. it    D. which

5.A. different    B. scientific    C. musical    D. basic

6.A. begged    B. blamed    C. invited    D. paid

7.A. inside    B. outside    C. through    D. along

8.A. insisting on    B. relying on    C. arguing about    D. wondering about

9.A. traveling    B. running    C. riding    D. walking

10.A. madly    B. rapidly    C. exactly    D. possibly

11.A. Over    B. Down    C. Around    D. Beside

12.A. windows    B. steps    C. center    D. gate

13.A. Until    B. As    C. While    D. Because

14.A. getting    B. introducing    C. leading    D. moving

15.A. felt    B. learned    C. concluded    D. found

16.A. transparent    B. bright    C. plain    D. wide

17.A. anxious    B. angry    C. serious    D. sad

18.A. turned around    B. cheered up    C. settled down    D. dropped in

19.A. hill    B. valley    C. background    D. sight

20.A. imagined    B. decided    C. realized    D. guessed

 

—He tried to explain it to me but I just couldn't understand.Do you?

—________.

A. Not likely    B. Not certainly

C. Not really    D. Not cleverly

 

I thought I could continue to work here, but________I shall have to look for another job.

A. in fact    B. as it is

C. as usual    D. as is the case

 

Emergency line operators must always ________ calm and make sure that they get all the information they need to send help.

A. grow    B. appear

C. become    D. stay

 

All the money ________, the young man had no choice but to start hunting for a job.

A. has been spent    B. had been spent

C. having spent    D. having been spent

 

You should wear a shirt with long sleeves ________ you get burnt in the sun.

A. in case    B. so that

C. although    D. because

 

To my ________, he was not a little ________ at the news that he had won the first prize in the English speech contest, for he thought that he didn't perform so well.

A. astonishment;astonishing    B. astonished;astonishing

C. astonishment;astonished    D. astonish;astonishment

 

Copyright @ 2014 满分5 满分网 ManFen5.COM. All Rights Reserved.