假如你叫李华,你的美国网友Jack在上周给你的电子邮件中,希望你能为他介绍一下中国传统节日——端午节(The Dragon Boat Festival)。请你根据下面的提示给他回一封邮件。

1.庆祝时间;

2.庆祝方式:包粽子,吃粽子;观看龙舟赛(在南方流行);

3.目的和重要性。

注意:1.词数100词左右;

2.可以适当增加细节,以使行文连贯。

参考词汇:粽子rice dumplings/Zongzi    自尽commit suicide    竹叶bamboo leaf

Dear Jack,

Glad to hear from you and I would like to tell you something about the Dragon Boat Festival in China.

____________________________________________________________________________________________

____________________________________________________________________________________________

____________________________________________________________________________________________

____________________________________________________________________________________________

____________________________________________________________________________________________

____________________________________________________________________________________________

____________________________________________________________________________________________

____________________________________________________________________________________________

__________________________________________________________________________

Best wishes to you!

Yours sincerely,

Li Hua

 

假定英语课上老师要求同桌之间交换修改作文,请你修改你同桌写的以下作文,文中共有10处错误,每句中最多有两处。错误涉及一个单词的增加、删除或修改。

增加:在缺词处加一个漏字符号(∧),并在其下面写出该加的词。

删除:把多余的词用斜线(\)划掉。

修改:在错的词下划一横线,并在该词下面写出修改后的词。

注意:1.每处错误及其修改均仅限一词;

2.只允许修改10处,多者(从第11处起)不计分。

My parents have decided to take me to pay a visit on Britain. I am excited, hope to make a good use of this opportunity. Firstly, I will talk to native speaker as much as I can improve my English. Secondly, there are many attractions that interested me a lot, among which is Big Ben. Beside, football, that is popular in England, is my favorite sport. I have been dreaming of watching a live football match there but now the dream will come true. My friend Alice lives in London. I will probable meet her. Whatever I do, I am sure I will have a good time.

 

Nowadays, there are a lot of reminding days in the world. World Read Aloud Day is celebrated each year on the first Wednesday of March. It1.(start) by the LitWorld.org website in 2010 and has now reached 65 countries.2.aim is to encourage people worldwide who cannot read to enjoy the benefits of a book. The website asks everyone3.(celebrate) the day by taking a book, finding an audience and reading out aloud. It is about taking action to show the world that the right to read and write4.(belong) to all people. The website asks visitors to join in the movement to reduce the number of illiterate(不识字的) people in the world. It is5.(absolute) necessary to help those6.cannot read. The website says, “It’s time to start by reading aloud to7.might like it. Share a book with a child who might need it, share a story with someone who would treasure it, listen patiently8.someone else’s story as they share with you.” The United Nations says, ”Literacy involves a9.(vary) of learning in10.(enable) individuals to achieve their goals, to develop their knowledge and to participate fully in society.” In that way, World Read Aloud Day does help make a difference.

 

The Broken Lantern

On a wild July night, the storm was getting worse and worse. Kate Shelley, who lived between Honey Creek(小溪) and Des Moines River, was______looking out of the window, wondering______it would wash away the bridges over them, when suddenly came the loud______of breaking wood, then followed by a great splash(飞溅的水花). She realized the bridge over the creek was______. At that time, the midnight train was almost due. If no one told the engineer to______the train, it would fall into the creek with a hundred or more______. The situation was so urgent that Kate______to go to Moingon Railway Station to get help. Immediately she______out into the storm with her father’s railway lantern.

Moingon lay on the far side of Des Moines River. The only way to get there was to cross a long wooden railroad bridge. Even in the daytime, it was______to walk on it because there was no foot walk or railing(栏杆) except only rails and ties. The ties were______enough apart for the girl to fall through.

Kate stopped when she came to the______. She had never seen the river rising so high that she was______. Her father had been killed in a train accident by that river and her brother had drowned there. But she soon managed to______thinking more of the past happenings for she knew that train had to be stopped______it was too late. She started to step on that dangerous bridge, knowing she might fall into the rush water at any moment. What’s worse, she broke her lantern while making her way, exposing herself to the______. She had to climb on her hands and knees…It seemed like a long time. At last she______the other side. She stopped just long enough to catch her breath. Then she ran______to the railway station. When she finally got there, she was out of______, wet all over, her hat blown away, her hands and knees still bleeding and her eyes looking______. She told the station man what had happened to the Honey Creek Bridge before her fainting. Finally, the passengers were saved. The girl’s heroic deed was rewarded. For her______act, Kate enjoyed a right of getting on or off the train at her door when she wanted.

1.A. angrily    B. eagerly    C. anxiously    D. hopefully

2.A. that    B. whether    C. when    D. how

3.A. blow    B. cry    C. crash    D. voice

4.A. removed    B. blocked    C. completed    D. broken

5.A. stop    B. change    C. catch    D. leave

6.A. conductors    B. passengers    C. customers    D. engineers

7.A. expected    B. tried    C. decided    D. agreed

8.A. fell    B. rode    C. climbed    D. rushed

9.A. harmful    B. dangerous    C. foolish    D. strange

10.A. far    B. wide    C. thick    D. long

11.A. train    B. station    C. bridge    D. rail

12.A. moving    B. running    C. escaping    D. shaking

13.A. forget    B. avoid    C. admit    D. risk

14.A. though    B. because    C. before    D. unless

15.A. darkness    B. calmness    C. emptiness    D. coldness

16.A. selected    B. found    C. reached    D. passed

17.A. desperately    B. slowly    C. disappointedly    D. cautiously

18.A. breath    B. mind    C. sight    D. favor

19.A. sharp    B. wild    C. watchful    D. bitter

20.A. honest    B. modest    C. courageous    D. generous

 

How to Have a Successful Teenage Life

Everyone wants to succeed in their life, don’t they? Even as a teenager, you can achieve success in your life, it really isn’t that hard.1.

Do well in school. No matter how boring it is now, education will help you be a productive member in society. Try your best for excellence in school: listen to the teachers, do your homework, study, and get good grades. Doing so will help you get into a better university, which will enable you to have a bright future.2.

Do good in your community(社区). Volunteering can not only improve your community's status, but could make you happier. Studies show that people who volunteer are less likely to develop depression(抑郁) than people who don’t.3.For example, if you love animals, volunteer at an animal shelter. If you love helping the environment, plant trees or pick up litter. When you help others, it will make you feel better about yourself.

4.Remember, they’re there to help you be the best that you can be. Respect them and value their opinions, even if they annoy you sometimes.5.You don't get to choose your teachers or your family, but you still have to put up with them. Learn how to deal with people now, because when you’re an adult, you don’t get to choose your boss or your co-workers, so learn how to respect them now.

A. Here are some important points that you may find helpful

B. Be nice to your parents and teachers

C. School sets you up on the right track

D. Find chances to do volunteer work that interests you

E. Keep in mind that they do the things they do because they care about you

F. Live life to the fullest

G. It will help you pass time and develop your personality

 

Why Do People Blink Their Eyes?

People blink(眨眼) their eyes tens of thousands of times every day. Scientists have long believed blinking was an involuntary movement and served mainly to keep the eyeballs wet. But a new study suggests it has a more important purpose.

An international team of scientists from the University of California at Berkeley studied the blinking of human eyelids. The journal Current Biology published their findings. The team said they found that blinking “repositions our eyeballs so we can stay focused” on what we are seeing. They said that when we blink our eyelids, the eyes roll back into their sockets--the bony area that surrounds and protects the eyes. However, the researchers found the eyes don’t always return to the same position. They said this causes the brain to tell the eye muscles to reorganize our eyesight.

Gerrit Maus is the lead writer of the report. He serves as an assistant professor of psychology at Nanyang Technological University in Singapore. Maus says: “Our eye muscles are quite sluggish(迟缓的) and imprecise, so the brain needs to constantly adapt its motor signals to make sure our eyes are pointing where they’re supposed to. Our findings suggested that the brain measures the difference in what we see before and after a blink, and commands the eye muscles to make the needed corrections.” The researchers said that without such corrections our surroundings would appear unclear and even jumpy. They said the movement acts “like a Steadicam(摄影稳定器) of the mind.”

The researchers said they asked volunteers to sit in a dark room while staring at a small dot on a flat surface. They used special cameras to follow the volunteer’s blinks and eye movements. After each blink, the dot was moved one centimeter to the right. The volunteers did not notice this, but the brain did. It followed the movement and directed the eye muscles to refocus on the dot. After the dot was moved in this way 30 times, the volunteers’ eyes changed their focus to the place where they predicted it would be.

Professor Maus says “Even though participants did not consciously register that the dot had moved, their brains did, and adjusted with the corrective eye movement. These findings add to our understanding of how the brain constantly adapts to changes, commanding our eye muscles to correct for errors in our bodies’ own hardware.”

1.According to the new study, blinking eyes can     .

A. serve to keep the eyeballs wet

B. consciously correct eye movements

C. reposition eyeballs to stay focused

D. make our eyes adapt to motor signals

2.From the experiment, we can learn that     .

A. the brain commanded the eye muscles to refocus on the dot

B. the eyeballs could stay in the place as they were predicted

C. participants were aware of the dot’s movements to the right

D. volunteers could see the moving dot with special cameras

3.The underlined word “register” in Paragraph 5 possibly means     .

A. reason    B. refocus

C. reserve    D. realize

4.This passage shows that     .

A. eye muscles are quite inactive and imprecise

B. the research is of great value in the eye movement

C. volunteers control their blinks to follow the changes of the dots

D. the brain plays an important role in seeing things clearly

 

Nobody is sure where and when the expression “apple-pie order” began. Some say that Scottish and English writers used the expression a long time ago. Others say it was first used in the northeastern American states known as New England. The housewives of New England cut their apples in even slices. Then they filled pie pans with them in an organized way, row upon row. As one writer said, the women of New England loved to have everything in its place. This perhaps explains why it generally is believed that the expression “apple-pie order” began in New England.

Another old expression, “apple of discord”, comes from ancient mythology(神话), however. The myth says that all the gods and goddesses were sitting around the table to celebrate the marriage of Thetis and Peleus. One of the goddesses-Discord was a troublemaker. She threw away a golden apple on the table to be given as a prize to the most beautiful goddess.

At one time, the tomato was called a love apple. That was a mistake. This is how the mistake happened: In the sixteenth century, Spain brought the tomato from South America after Spanish explorers had landed there. Spain then sold the tomato to Morocco. Italian traders carried it on to Italy. The Italian name for the tomato was “pomo di Moro” meant “d’amour” -the French word for love. And so “pomo di Moro” became the apple of love.

People believe many things about the apple. One belief is that it has great powers of keeping people healthy. A very common expression is "an apple a day keeps the doctor away."

Another belief is based on fact. The expression is "one rotten apple spoils the barrel." When an apple begins to go bad, it ruins all the other apples around it in the container. The expression has come to mean that one bad person in a group can cause everyone to act bad.

1.Which of the following can we know about the phrase “apple-pie order”?

A. No one knows for sure where and when it began

B. It has been put into use recently

C. Everyone is sure of where it began

D. It began in New England

2.What’s the meaning of “apple of discord”?

A. Everything in good order    B. Situation of danger

C. Everything in agreement    D. Cause of disagreement

3.What’s the purpose of the third paragraph?

A. To show us a mistaken idea

B. To explain how the tomato was called the apple of love

C. To tell us a love story about apple

D. To show how the tomato was brought in from south America

4.Which of the following expressions is about health?

A. Apple of discord

B. Apple-pie order

C. An apple a day keeps the doctor away

D. One rotten apple spoils the barrel

 

With five breakout(破纪录的) games, Jeremy Lin has become the NBA’s newest star.

In the New York Knicks' 92-85 won over the Los Angles Lakers last Saturday, Lin had a career-high 38 points. A day later, he led the Knicks to their fifth victory, 100-98 to Minnesota Timberwolves. In his previous games, Lin, 23, had 23 points against the Washington, 25 points against New Jersey and 28 against Utah in his first start.

Lin is smart. Before graduating from high school in California, he had sent his application to all the Ivy League Schools(常青藤联盟). He only got into Harvard and Brown, and he chose Harvard. In 2010, Lin graduated with a degree in economics.

Lin is the first Chinese-American player in the NBA. He was born in the US and his family is Asian. Although not born in China, Lin has attracted nearly all Yao Ming's old fans, who see him as a powerful role model.

He started off on the Golden State Warriors. Lin first signed with the Warriors in July, 2010, but seldom played in games before the start of the fourth quarter. His first time on the court for the Warriors earned him seven points, three rebounds(篮板球) and two assists in just 11 minutes.

He is really perfect for the Knicks. The New York Knicks has been in need of a reliable point guard and to Mike D'Antoni, the Knicks coach who's going through a difficult season, Lin is a most unexpected figure. Lin just does everything easy and the rest of the guys around him are playing the way we want to," D'Antoni said. "I think it's for real, and it can only get better."

1.In which team did Lin start his career in NBA?

A. the New York Knicks    B. Minnesota Timberwolves

C. The Golden State Warriors    D. The Los Angles Lakers

2.From the passage, we learn that     .

A. most of Yao Ming's fans take Lin as a great role model

B. Lin is an American-Chinese basketball player

C. the New York Knicks has never been defeated

D. after graduation from Harvard, Lin signed with the Knicks

3.From the passage, it can be inferred that     .

A. Lin is the team leader of the Knicks

B. the Knicks' coach puts strong hopes on Lin

C. the Knicks' success only depends on Lin

D. the Knicks is sure to win the season this year

4.The author's purpose of writing the report is     .

A. to introduce a newest rising NBA star

B. to express his love for Jeremy Lin

C. to report the progress of the Knicks

D. to show his support for the Knicks

 

The Coolest Inventions

An Oceans Vacuum(吸尘器)

There’s a collection of plastic trash in the middle of the Pacific Ocean. It’s bigger than Texas and growing. The way to clean it up now is to catch it with nets. That is both costly and slow. Instead, the Ocean Cleanup Project proposes a 62-mile-long floating barrier that would use natural currents to trap trash. If next year’s trials succeed, a full cleanup operation would aim to start in 2020. It could reduce the trash by 42% over 10 years.

Easy-On Shoes

In 2012, Matthew Walzer, a high school student with a disability, sent a note to Nike. “My dream is to go to college,” he wrote, “without having to worry about someone coming to tie my shoes every day.” Nike assigned a design team to the challenge. This year, they came out with their solution: the FlyEase. The basketball shoe can be fastened with one hand. A pair of Nike FlyEase shoes sells for $130.

An Airport for Drones (无人机)

As Amazon, Google, and others get ready for drone delivery service, there is one big question: What kinds of home bases will their drones have? Rwanda, in Africa, may have the answer. There, workers will soon start work on three “drone ports”. The goals is to make it easier to transport food, medical supplies, electronics, and other goods through the hilly countryside. Construction is set to be completed in 2020.

1.What’s the advantage of the Oceans Vacuum?

A. It can be put into wide use soon    B. It can grow year by year

C. It can tear plastic into pieces    D. It can be a money-saver

2.What do we know about Nike?

A. It provides customer-friendly services

B. It is designing new shoes frequently

C. It offers free shoes to the disabled

D. It responded to Matthew’s request passively

3.Why is Rwanda setting up “drone ports”?

A. Because they are receptive to new technology

B. Because there are too many drones

C. Because they’re easier to construct than roads

D. Because road travel there is rough

 

假设你是李梅,你的好朋友苏珊前不久随父母去美国,她写信告诉你她很不适应美国的校园生活,感到孤独。请你根据以下要点用英语给她写一封建议信。

(1)多交一些朋友,友情会使她忘记孤独。

(2)学好英语,从而增加和别人交流的机会。

(3)空余时间多去旅游,使自己的生活更加有趣。

词数:100个左右;可适当增加细节。

Dear Susan,

____________________________________________________________________________________________

____________________________________________________________________________________________

____________________________________________________________________________________________

____________________________________________________________________________________________

____________________________________________________________________________________________

____________________________________________________________________________________________

____________________________________________________________________________________________

___________________________________________________________________

Yours,

Li Mei

 

增加:在缺词处加一个漏字符号(∧),并在其下面写出该加的词。

删除:把多余的词用斜线(\)划掉。

修改:在错的词下划一横线,并在该词下面写出修改后的词。

注意:每处错误及其修改均仅限一词。

1.There was a time that this singer was popular with the young men.

2.It was a fun to play football after class.

3.I am determining to change my job. No one else can change my mind.

4.He insisted that the problem discussed at the meeting was carried out right away.

5.Shall we go straightly to the hotel or have a rest first?

6.Although I try to talk to my classmates. I still find it hard make good friends with them.

7.Now they make up their mind to go and settle in the countryside.

8.Parents should actively urge their children to take advantage with the opportunity to join sports teams.

9.She insisted that I went to the prison to visit her brother with her.

10.It’s no pleasure look through these any longer because nature is one thing that really must be experienced.

 

 

1.It was for this reason that her uncle moved out of New York and ___________(settle)down in a small village.

2.----Have you finished your experiment report, Jane?

----Oh, my God. I’ve __________(entire)forgotten all about that.

3.It is the first time that he _____________(visit)the beautiful city.

4.You had better rise early in the morning. The morning air is so nice ______________(breathe).

5.He climbed up to the top of church tower to get ___________better view of the entire city.

6.In order to learn English well, we should ___________(rich)our vocabulary every day.

7.I managed to persuade my classmates into ____________(accept) my idea.

8.There is no such thing _____________failure. failure is just life trying to move us in another direction.

9.I don’t think the information is ________________: we’d better check it out.

10.You must remember: almost everyone had gone _________many difficulties before they succeeded.

 

It is always interesting to visit another country, especially for those who have never traveled abroad. Foreign______can be educational for anyone ______he is interested enough to make preparations beforehand. Learning the______of a new country would be difficult for the traveler, but the benefits(好处)of such an effort would become clear at once______his arrival. It may not seem______to him when he comfortably stays at home, but knowing how to order a meal or rent a room is necessary for the newcomer in a strange place. Without knowing the language, it is very difficult for the stranger to understand the people of the new country and their customs. Of course, in our small world,   __ is often possible to find someone who understands our own language, but this is only second-best for the traveler. To be sure, he can see places and things without the______of a language, but places and things are not the _____of any country. To get the greatest benefit_______a trip to another country, it is_______important for the visitor to have an understanding of the language.

1.A. travel    B. country    C. language    D. people

2.A. unless    B. if    C. although    D. so

3.A. knowledge    B. language    C. speech    D. words

4.A. after    B. before    C. for    D. at

5.A. difficult    B. strange    C. wonderful    D. important

6.A. where    B. which    C. that    D. it

7.A. use    B. speaking    C. writing    D. learning

8.A. mind    B. head    C. heart    D. matter

9.A. from    B. in    C. at    D. to

10.A. much    B. indeed    C. also    D. finally

 

A high school history teacher once told us. “If you make one close friend in school, you will be most fortunate. A true friend is someone who stays with you for life.”______teaches that he was right. Good friendship is just not easily_______.

It is possible that we simply do not stay in one place long enough for____friendship to ____. However, there can be____disagreement on the need for each of us to think carefully about the kind of friendship we want.

To most of us, friendships are considered very important, but we need to have it clear in our ____ what kinds of friendship we want. Are they to be close or ____ at arm's length? Do we want to ____ourselves or do we want to walk on the surface? For some people, many friendships on the surface are ____enough—and that' s all right. But at some point we need to______that our expectations are the same as our friends' expectations. The sharing of____experience ____ our tears as well as our dark dreams is the surest way to deepen friendships. But it ____be undertaken(进行) slowly and carried on only if there are ____of interest and action in return.

What are some of the ____of friendship? The greatest is the attraction to expect too much too soon. Deep relationships ____time. Another “major difficulty" is the selfishness to think one “possesses" the other, including his time and attention. Similarly, friendships ____ actions in return. In______words, you must give as much as you take. Finally there is a question of taking care of. Unless you spend ____time together, talking on the phone, writing letters, doing things together, friendships will die ____

1.A. Knowledge    B. Teacher    C. Experience    D. Parent

2.A. understood    B. formed    C. realized    D. produced

3.A. true    B. common    C. deeply    D. actual

4.A. design    B. intend    C. develop    D. appear

5.A. any    B. some    C. no    D. none

6.A. heart    B. thoughts    C. actions    D. minds

7.A. remained    B. left    C. kept    D. stayed

8.A. own    B. share    C. owe    D. spare

9.A. that    B. very    C. quite    D. not

10.A. make sure    B. remember    C. expect    D. check out

11.A. social    B. ordinary    C. good    D. personal

12.A. concerning    B. having    C. including    D. recovering

13.A. can    B. must    C. will    D. need

14.A. marks    B. sights    C. scenes    D. signs

15.A. difficulties    B. differences    C. advantages    D. things

16.A. cost    B. spend    C. ask    D. take

17.A. require    B. request    C. depend    D. suggest

18.A. some    B. many    C. other    D. different

19.A. less    B. comfortable    C. reasonable    D. a lot

20.A. for    B. away    C. out    D. from

 

Although many Chinese students say that their knowledge of English grammar is good, most would admit that their spoken English is poor. Whenever I speak to a Chinese student, they always say, “My spoken English is poor.”  1.

I would like to suggest that there may be some reasons for their problems with spoken English.

First, they fail to find suitable words to express themselves due to a limited vocabulary.

2.However, you can speak with a limited vocabulary, if you choose a positive attitude. Others will follow you as long as you use the words that you know.

3.

Sometimes they make mistakes when they are speaking because they are shy and nervous. Yet students should remember that their goal should be FLUENCY NOT ACCURACY. Your aim in writing is to be accurate following the rules for grammar and using the right words and spelling them correctly. However, in speaking your aim is fluency. You want to get your message across, to talk to someone in English, as quickly and as well as you can, even though sometimes you may use a wrong word or tense , but it doesn’t matter.4.

The third reason is that not enough attention is paid to listening . You have one mouth but two ears !All that hearing is necessary for you to start speaking .

Fourth, most Chinese students are reactive rather than proactive language learners. Instead of actively seeking out opportunities to improve their spoken English they passively wait for speaking opportunities to come to them and wonder why their English always remains poor.5.

A. The person you are speaking to will understand you and make allowances for nay mistakes he hears.

B. They may try to avoid making similar mistakes next time.

C. Obviously the better answer is to expand their vocabulary.

D. If you have this proactive outlook, then you will see English opportunities wherever you go.

E. However, their spoken English does not have to remain “poor”!

F. Second , they are afraid of making mistakes.

G. The second reason lies in the reluctance of using what has just been learned.

 

When I was 16 years old, I made my first visit to the United States. It wasn’t the first time I had been abroad. Like most English children I learned French at school and I had often been to France, so I was used to speaking a foreign language to people who didn’t understand English. But when I went to America I was really looking forward to having a nice easy holiday without any language problems.

How wrong I was! The misunderstanding began at the airport. I was looking for a public telephone to give my American friend Danny a ring and tell her that I had arrived. A friendly old man saw me looking like being lost and asked if he could help me.

“Yes,” I said. “I want to give my friend a ring.”

“Well, that’s nice,” he said. “Are you getting married? But aren’t you a bit young?”

“Who is talking about marriage?” I replied. “I just want to give my friend a ring to tell her I’ve arrived. Can you tell me where there’s a phone box?”

“Oh!” he said. “There’s a phone downstairs.”

When at last we did meet up, Danny explained the misunderstanding to me.

“Don’t worry,” she said to me. “I had many difficulties at first. There are lots of words which the Americans use differently in meaning from us British. You’ll soon get used to all the funny things they say. But most of the time British and American people can understand each other!”

1.Where was the writer from?

A. He was from America    B. He was from France

C. He was from England    D. He was from China

2.The writer thought _________ in America.

A. he wouldn’t have any language difficulties

B. he would not understand the Americans

C. the Americans might not understand him

D. he would have difficulties at the airport

3.The writer wanted ________.

A. to buy a ring for his friend

B. to make a call to his friend

C. to go to the telephone company

D. his friend to see him off

4.From the passage we can see that “give somebody a ring”____________.

A. means the same in America as in England

B. means “call somebody’ to the old man

C. means “be going to get married”

D. has different meaning in America and in England

 

Ecotourism(生态旅游): A Different Way to Travel

Are you attracted to obscure(偏远的)places? Do you prefer to vacation away from other tourists? Are you careful to take only memories and to leave only footprints? If you answered yes to more than one of these questions, you just might be an ecotourist.

Ecotourists are people who want to experience the unspoiled natural world and leave it that way when they return home. This trend started in the 1990s and ecotourism is now growing three times faster than the tourism industry at large. The Ecuador’s remote Amazon Basin(盆地) is contributing to that expansion, and it gives a snapshot of what ecotourism looks like.

At the Ecolodge, a small group of cabins(小屋) sits Kapawi Ecolodge in the middle of the Achuar people’s reserve(保护区) and is only reached by air. From here, visitors can explore parts of the Amazon rainforest seen by few outsiders. As they do local Achuar guides explain how the forest is like their supermarket, where they find food, clothing, medicine and tools. As a result, tourists learn to appreciate the local culture as well as the natural environment.

The owners of Kapawi pay monthly rent to the Achuar people, but they also train the community to run and manage the lodge. They have agreed on a plan to turn the operation over to the Achuar completely by 2011.The owners are working to make ecotourism benefit and empower the local people.

You probably won’t start your own ecolodge, but you can be an ecotourist if you follow these guidelines: Protect the environment; Support local businesses; Respect the local customs and traditions.

The world is full of fascinating places to visit. As an ecotourist, you can enjoy them yourself and make sure that they remain beautiful for future generations as well.

1.According to the text, the ecotourists should be________.

A. those who like to experience the easily-remembered natural environment

B. those who like to go to their travelling places by hiking

C. those who prefer an undamaged natural world and remain what it used to be

D. those who prefer unique natural environment of cultural relics

2.At the Kapawi ecolodge, visitors can’t________.

A. explore the Amazon rainforest

B. reach there by air

C. live in the Achuar reserve

D. see many travelers from outside

3.Which of the words is closest in meaning to the word “snapshot” in the second paragraph?

A. Idea.    B. Aim.

C. Adventure.    D. Opportunity.

4.We can learn from the passage that________.

A. the Kapawi Ecolodge will continue to run and manage the lodge after 2011

B. the Kapawi Ecolodge owners are the Achuar in favor of ecotourism

C. the Achuar people have benefited a lot by collecting money from ecotourists

D. the owners of Kapawi encourage tourists to appreciate the Achuar culture

 

A student is learning to speak British English. He wonders: Can I communicate with Americans? Can they understand me? Learners of English often ask: What are the differences between British and American English? How important are these differences?

Certainly! there are some differences between British and American English. ‘There are a few differences in grammar. For example, speakers of British English say “in hospital” and “Have you a pen?” Americans say “in the hospital!” and “Do you have a pen?”. Pronunciation is sometimes different. Americans usually sound theirs in words like “bird” and “hurt”. Speakers of British English do not sound theirs in these words. There are differences between British and American English in spelling and vocabulary. For example, “color” and “honor” are British, “color” and honor” are American.

These differences in grammar, pronunciation, spelling and vocabulary are not important, however. For the most part, British and American English are the same language.

1.According to this passage, a student who is learning to speak American English might be afraid that_______.

A. British people cannot understand him

B. American people cannot understand him

C. the grammar is too hard for him

D. the spelling is too hard for him

2.American English and British English are different in ________.

A. spelling    B. pronunciation

C. grammar    D. all of the above

3.Most ________ say “Do you have a watch?”

A. British people    B. Americans

C. children    D. teachers

4.According to this passage, British people and Americans have _________ difficulty in understanding each other.

A. little    B. much

C. some    D. great

 

Farah was sitting in the kitchen going over the party list with her mother. The exams were over and Farah wanted to invite her friends for a party.

“Farah, aren’t you going to invite Hafsa?” her mother asked. Hafsa had been her best friend since childhood.

“Mother, you know I am now a part of Purple Girls Club and we have some rules about people we can be friends with,” Farah answered.

“Really? And what are the rules?” her mother asked.

“Well, only very pretty girls can be part of our group. And Hafsa is so, you know, dark.”

“I cannot believe it.” her mother said angrily.

As Farah left the kitchen, her father called her from the living room.

Farah went to her father and paled when she saw the exam report in his hands.

“Farah, what has happened to your grades? You have failed in Mathematics.” her father said.

Farah had no answer. The truth was that the activities of Purple Girls Club left her with very little time for studies.

“Farah, it says that you can take part in supplementary exams(补考). If your grades don’t improve then, I’ll cancel your trip to Spain.”

Farah went to her room and called Gina, the leader of Purple Girls Club.

“Gina, can you help me to complete my notes before the exams?”

Gina laughed, “Exams? Who cares about exams?”

One by one, she called her friends in the club but no one seemed to care or wanted to help. Farah knew Hafsa would help her. Farah also knew Hafsa had been hurt by her, but Hafsa said, “If you need any help, just let me know. We can study together till your exams.”

Next Monday, as two friends entered the school together. Gina called out

“Farah, you know our rules. You cannot be friends with those who do not belong to our club.”

“Gina I have a new rule about friendship,” Farah replied.

1.After Farah became a member of Purple Girls Club, she chose a friend according to a person’s ________.

A. looks    B. usual activities

C. grades    D. favorite color

2.Which word can best describe Hafsa?

A. Silly    B. Beautiful

C. Rude    D. Kind

3.What lesson can we learn from the passage?

A. A friend in need is a friend indeed

B. A perfect friend will never be found

C. Be slow in choosing a friend

D. Friendship can be developed easily

 

假定你是李华,近期你看到了共享单车(shared bikes)“绿色出行的宣传后决定改变出行方式,并发现骑单车的许多好处。请你就此为校刊英语园地写一篇短文。

注意:

1.词数100左右;

2.可适当增加细节,以使行文连贯。

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假定英语课上老师要求同桌之间交换修改作文,请你修改你同桌写的以下作文。文中共有10处语言错误,每句中最多有两处。每处错误仅涉及一个单词的增加、删除或修改。

增加:在缺词处加一个漏字符号(∧),并在其下面写出该加的词。

删除:把多余的词用斜线(\)划掉。

修改:在错的词下划一横线,并在该词下面写出修改后的词。

注意:1.每处错误及其修改均仅限一词;

2.只允许修改10处,多者(从第11处起)不计分。

Students today should do more reading. Indeed, the importance of reading can never be very stressed. First of all, reading, especial out-of-class reading, enrich our mind and broadens our horizons. Through reading, we learn what can’t be learnt in our classrooms. Beside, reading is also a way of relaxation. This is very refreshing to read a story before going to bed, or after a day of the study. There were many famous sayings about reading, like “Reading is to the mind that exercise is to the body”. Then how can we develop the habit of reading? In the first place, I believe we should start from an early age, then stick on it and never give up. Secondly, we should read what we are interested and also what is proper for us.

 

A child rights campaigner and a child education activist will share the Nobel Peace Prize.

The Norwegian Nobel Committee1.(announce) the two winners on Friday.They are Malala Yousafzai of Pakistan and India's Kailash Satyarthi.The Nobel committee said they2.(award) the prize for "their struggle against the suppression(压制)of children".It added that the committee considers3.important “for a Hindu and a Muslim,an Indian and a Pakistani,to join in4.common struggle against extremism(极端主义)”.

Malala Yousafzai becomes the5.(young) winner of the Nobel Peace Prize.She is only 17 years old. She had been pushing for girls' education in Pakistan for several years6.Taliban gunmen shot her in the head in 2012. Doctors in Pakistan and Britain treated Malala.She has recovered and7.(continue) to fight for women's rights.

Kailash Satyarthi has been leading a8.(peace) movement to end abuse(虐待)of children for financial gain. He also has assisted in the9.(develop) of important international agreements10.(intend) to protect children's rights.

 

My mom died when I was two years old. She died in an accident when ______ to visit her parents. I was in the backseat, and wasn’t ______. I don’t remember anything about her. The only few things I know are from the ______ my dad tells me. I ______ with only my dad and myself. I love my dad, but sometimes it was ______ like being in elementary school when Mother’s Day was coming, kids would decorate cards, and so on. Then to make it ______ there was “Tea Party with Mom” day for 2nd and 3rd grade when kids and their ______ would come during the school day and have ______ and snacks... except my dad would let me ______ those days, and we would do something ______ together like going to Disneyland. I never exactly felt ______ even though I didn’t have a mom.

My dad worked very hard. My mom died right as he ______ from Harvard Law, and he tried to be both a good ______ and a great dad, but also he tried to play both ______ as dad and mom. I remember all the other girls in my 2nd grade class had hair braided (辫子), and I ______ that too. So my dad would braid my hair every morning before ______. It makes me smile just to ______ it.

I think about not having mother occasionally, and ______ it does bother me, like the ______ that on Mother’s Day my dad and I visit my mom’s grave, and bring her ______ yellow roses.

Maybe I don’t have exactly what I want, but I have what I need.

1.A. walking    B. flying    C. running    D. driving

2.A. saved    B. deserted    C. hurt    D. interrupted

3.A. stories    B. decisions    C. experiences    D. adventures

4.A. set off    B. grew up    C. pulled up    D. settled down

5.A. useless    B. impossible    C. dangerous    D. difficult

6.A. worse    B. less    C. closer    D. slower

7.A. friends    B. moms    C. classmates    D. neighbors

8.A. meal    B. lunch    C. beer    D. tea

9.A. spend    B. forget    C. end    D. name

10.A. easy    B. important    C. fun    D. similar

11.A. brought up    B. shown off    C. lifted up    D. left out

12.A. returned    B. failed    C. graduated    D. stopped

13.A. lawyer    B. guide    C. actor    D. businessman

14.A. games    B. roles    C. tapes    D. tricks

15.A. wanted    B. understood    C. started    D. accepted

16.A. weekends    B. lunch    C. school    D. games

17.A. turn to    B. ask for    C. look for    D. think about

18.A. always    B. sometimes    C. recently    D. again

19.A. schedule    B. plan    C. fact    D. thought

20.A. favorite    B. available    C. actual    D. common

 

Good friends always make life seem so much easier and better.1.I know that there is absolutely no need to give out definitions of a true friend or list out qualities that are synonymous,since the answers are subjective.

Togetherness

It is one of the most beautiful aspects.2.Be it one of the dullest days of your life while you are killing time doing absolutely nothing,or be it one of your most memorable moments like your graduation or your birthday,friends are always with you.

Honesty

If you look hideous(难看的)in the dress you bought last week,a true friend will always tell you so!Honesty is needed in any relationship.3.They are ready to give you a taste of the bitter truth,but they'll help you cope with it! Often,there comes a time when two friends are competing for the same thing,a true friend will never let a competition affect the friendship.

Understanding

Often when you are feeling low or depressed,you will never have to explain it to your friend that you are feeling low.4.Understanding without words is the perfect level of a good relationship.

Patience

You need to have patience to understand your friend inside out.The mood swings,sign language,codes,etc. Friends are all this and much more.5.They are a comforting shoulder to lean on,a patient ear to listen to you,and most importantly,a warm and loving hug to embrace you!

A.They are a helping hand.

B.A true friend knows when you are unhappy.

C.No matter what,friends always stick together!

D.True friends are always two steps behind you.

E.True friends never hesitate to speak up their minds.

F.Ask yourself what makes a good friend even if you doubt the ability to one yourself.

G.In our busy lives,at times when we feel down and upset, it is our friends who come through.

 

When we say older people shrink,we don't mean they become tiny enough to fit in your pocket!We just mean that it's common for older people to become a little shorter over time.This kind of shrinking can't be stopped, although people can slow this process.But why does shrinking happen at all?

Because of gravity,cushions between the bones in the spine(脊骨)get compressed(压缩),which makes a person lose a little height and become shorter.

Another reason why some older people shrink is because of osteoporosis(骨质疏松).Osteoporosis occurs when bone is broken down and not enough new bone material is made.Over time,bone is said to be lost.Bones become smaller and weaker and can easily break if someone with osteoporosis is injured.

Older people—especially women,who generally have smaller and lighter bones to begin with—are more likely to develop osteoporosis.As years go by,a person with osteoporosis can get small breaks in bones that are called compression fractures.These breaks cause collapse of the spine and over time the person with osteoporosis can become hunched over(驼背).

Did you know that every day you shrink a little,too?You aren't as tall at the end of the day as you are at the beginning.That's because as the day goes on,water in the disks of the spine gets compressed due to gravity,making you just a tiny bit shorter.Don't worry,though.Once you get a good night's rest,your body recovers,and the next morning,you're standing tall again!

Smoking and drinking alcohol can make this problem worse.Want to do something right now to build strong bones?I believe what I say will help you.

1.What can we infer from the text?

A. For shrinking,people can do nothing about it.

B. If someone is injured,he will become shorter.

C. Women have smaller and lighter bones than men.

D. We aren't as tall at the end of the day as we are at the beginning.

2.What should we do if we don't want to shrink faster?

A. Reduce gravity.

B. Sleep as long as possible.

C. Be careful not to be hurt by others.

D. Keep away from smoking and drinking alcohol.

3.We can learn from the text about osteoporosis that______.

A. it makes people shorter

B. shorter people usually suffer it

C. women are more likely to develop it

D. once our bone is broken down,it will occur

4.What is the best title for the text?

A. Why do we shrink?

B. How to live a healthy life

C. How can we stop shrinking?

D. Some tips on how to keep healthy

 

My grandmother often said to me, “You can count the number of your true friends on the fingers of one hand.” For a long time I thought this was true. However, I’ve now discovered my grandmother was only half right. Maybe we do only make a few best friends in our lifetime, but those aren’t the only people that we can call friends. There are many different types. Let me tell you about a few of them.

One type of friends is the type I call the “football mom friend”. My neighbor Sally is a good example. We both have kids who play football in a football club, and someone has to take them to practice and pick them up. Sally and I and two other mothers take turns to do this. We meet sometimes and have tea and talk about what our kids are doing, but those are the only times that we meet each other. I enjoy being with these women, but we don’t do anything else together.

Another type is called the “hobby friend”. That’s the person you share an interest or a hobby with. Michael and Cater, who are brothers, are a good example of this type. We’re all in a bird watching club. Every few weekends the members of the club go on a trip to watch different kinds of birds. There’s nothing romantic about my relationship with Michael and Cater, of course. We just share interest in birds.

Then there’s the “other half of the couple” type of friends. Jim is married to Rose, a friend that I’ve known since college. When Rose married Jim, I realized that I would have to be Jim’s friend if I want to continue to be Rose’s. Jim and I don’t share so many interests, but we do have a friendly relationship.

1.What does the first paragraph tell us about?

A. We should make new friends.

B. We need true friends in our lifetime.

C. We must be friendly to all our friends.

D. We have rarely best friends in our lifetime.

2.Who is the writer’s true friend according to this passage?

A. Sally.    B. Rose.

C. Jim.    D. Michael.

3.What can we learn from the text?

A. The writer herself sometimes takes her kid to the football club.

B. Michael and Cater both fall in love with the writer.

C. Finally the writer agrees with her grandmother.

D. Sally and the writer are close friends.

4.From the last paragraph we learn that       .

A. the writer made friends with Jim only because of Rose

B. Jim was the writer’s good friend at college

C. Rose didn’t want the writer to be a friend of her husband

D. the writer made friends with Rose because of Jim

 

Amazing Kids!Wild Jungle Writing Contest

Amazing Kids!Magazine is proud to announce that we will be hosting a Wild Jungle Writing Contest this fall! Send us your best jungle-themed stories.This contest is open to grades K-12,with three groups of K-3,4-8,and 9-12.

Three winners from each age group will be chosen to win Amazing Kids!prizes,along with an official certificate verifying their winning entry.All participants will receive a certificate of participation in the contest.

Submit(提交)all entries by NOVEMBER 30 to be considered!Please look below for rules—if your entry does not comply with(与一致)our rules,it will not be considered in the contest!Email editor@amazing-kids.org or more questions about rules.

Frequently Asked Questions

Q:What are the age limits?

A:This contest is limited to grades K-12,with a K-3,4-8,and 9-12 age group.

Q:How should I format my entry?

A:Stories should be written in English,with submissions of up to 1,200 words.Stories exceeding(超出)this length will not be considered.Please submit your entry as a Microsoft Word document.Also be sure to include all essential information,including your name,grade,address,phone number(s) and e-mail address in the body of the e-mail.

Q:How do I submit my entry?

A:E-mail your submission to editor@amazing-kids.org.Each e-mail submission will receive a return message saying that the essay is received.

Q:Is there just one prize?

A:No.Nine separate prizes will be given out,with a cash value of $ 20 for first place,$15 for second place,and $10 for third place in each age group.Certificates of participation will also be awarded to each participant in the contest.

1.Which of the following stories suits Wild Jungle Writing Contest?

A. A teenager caught a thief in a cave.

B. Three adults lost their way in the jungle.

C. A girl built an online community of her own.

D. A boy met a bear while searching for wood in the forest.

2.The winners will receive______.

A. only some money

B. a cash value of $40

C. only an official certificate

D. prizes and certificates

3.How does a kid know his story gets received?

A. His teacher will tell him of it.

B. The judges will give him a call.

C. He will be informed by an e-mail.

D. The announcement will be posted on the Internet.

4.What is the author's purpose of writing this text?

A. To promote a writing contest.

B. To introduce some ways of writing stories.

C. To make the contest better-known worldwide.

D. To call on more teens to volunteer in the contest.

 

Have you thought about what determines the way we are as we grow up? Remember the TV program Seven Up! It started following the lives of a group of children in 1963. We first meet them as wide-eyed seven-year-olds and then catch up with them at seven-year intervals (间隔): nervous 14-year-olds, serious 21-year-olds, then grown-ups.

Some of the stories are inspiring, others sad, but what is interesting in almost all the cases is the way in which the children’s early hopes and dreams are shown in their future lives, for example, at seven, Tony is a lively child who says he wants to become a sportsman or a taxi driver. When he grows up, he goes on to do both. Nicki says, “I’d like to find out about the moon.” and goes on to become a space scientist. As a child, soft-spoken Bruce says he wants to help “poor children” and ends up teaching in India.

But if the lives of all the children had followed this pattern, the program would be far less interesting than it actually was. It was the children whose childhood did not prepare them for what was to come that made the program so inspiring. Where did their ideas come from about what they wanted to do when they grew up? Are children influenced by what their parents do, by what they see on television, or by what their teachers say? How great is the effect of a single important event? Many film directors, including Stephen Spielberg, say that an early visit to the cinema was the turning point in their lives. Dr Magaret Me Allister, who has done a lot of research in this area, thinks that the major influences are parents, friends and the wider society.

1.In the TV program Seven Up, we can meet       .

A. different groups of people at different periods of their lives

B. different groups of people at the same period of their lives

C. the same group of people at different periods of their lives

D. the same group of people at the same period of their lives

2.What are the examples in Paragraph 2 meant to show?

A. Many people’s childhood hopes are related to their future jobs.

B. There are many poor children in India who need help.

C. Children have different dreams about their future.

D. A lot of people are very sad in their childhood.

3.Spielberg’s words show that       .

A. going to a movie at an early age helps a child learn about society

B. a single childhood event may decide what one does as a grown-up

C. parents and friends can help a child grow up properly

D. films have more influence on a child than teachers do

 

假定你是李华,近期你看到了共享单车(shared bikes)“绿色出行的宣传后决定改变出行方式,并发现骑单车的许多好处。请你就此为校刊英语园地写一篇短文。

注意:1.词数100左右;

2.可适当增加细节,以使行文连贯。

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____________________________________________________________________________________________

____________________________________________________________________________________________

____________________________________________________________________________________________

____________________________________________________________________________________________

____________________________________________________________________________________________

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假定英语课上老师要求同桌之间交换修改作文,请你修改你同桌写的以下作文。文中共有10处语言错误,每句中最多有两处。每处错误仅涉及一个单词的增加、删除或修改。

增加:在缺词处加一个漏字符号(∧),并在其下面写出该加的词。

删除:把多余的词用斜线(\)划掉。

修改:在错的词下划一横线,并在该词下面写出修改后的词。

注意:1.每处错误及其修改均仅限一词;

2.只允许修改10处,多者(从第11处起)不计分。

Students today should do more reading. Indeed, the importance of reading can never be very stressed. First of all, reading, especial out-of-class reading, enrich our mind and broadens our horizons. Through reading, we learn what can’t be learnt in our classrooms. Beside, reading is also a way of relaxation. This is very refreshing to read a story before going to bed, or after a day of the study. There were many famous sayings about reading, like “Reading is to the mind that exercise is to the body”. Then how can we develop the habit of reading? In the first place, I believe we should start from an early age, then stick on it and never give up. Secondly, we should read what we are interested and also what is proper for us.

 

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