Once a gentleman was traveling on a train. He felt ________ and got off at a station in search of water. When he reached the water tap (水龙头), the________started. He ran back but________it.

It was getting________and he decided to spend the night at the station. The next morning he asked the ticket office about the next train and was told it would be on the next________. So he decided to find a place for a day’s________. He went to the nearby hotel to ask for a room but found ________.

At last he________a small house. He asked the________ whether he could stay in his house for a day. The owner immediately________, then served him food and gave him a room to stay. _________he did not ask anything in return.

At seven, the gentleman heard a ________at the door. The owner opened the door. The gentleman saw a man dressed in ________ clothes enter the house and________the owner to pay his debts (债务).

The gentleman came to know that the owner was in need of________. The next morning he left a pack in the drawer of the room and ________. When the owner found the pack, he saw that there was a________written to him, which read: “You ________ me but did not expect anything from me. Yesterday evening I heard the________ between you and the stranger and_________that you were in need of money. This is what you need.”

1.A. sleepy    B. thirsty    C. hungry    D. tired

2.A. passenger    B. officer    C. tap    D. train

3.A. caught    B. lost    C. missed    D. passed

4.A. dark    B. cold    C. hot    D. bright

5.A. we    B. month    C. hour    D. day

6.A. work    B. stay    C. fun    D. travel

7.A. one    B. nobody    C. none    D. lots

8.A. built    B. repaired    C. enjoyed    D. reached

9.A. owner    B. manager    C. driver    D. guest

10.A. accepted    B. changed    C. agreed    D. refused

11.A. So    B. But    C. Because      D. Unless

12.A. knock    B. sound    C. noise    D. call

13.A. cheap    B. strange    C. expensive    D. dirty

14.A. invited    B. hated    C. asked    D. promised

15.A. advice    B. money    C. time    D. water

16.A. stayed up    B. came up    C. gave in    D. went away

17.A. note    B. story    C. diary    D. joke

18.A. cheated    B. supported    C. helped    D. understood

19.A. quarrel    B. conversation    C. bargain    D. discussion

20.A. planed    B. explained    C. hoped    D. learned

 

How many men do housework? Recently a European commission (委员会) tried to find out people's ideas and reactions to the women's movement. As part of their survey (调查), they asked many men and women the question: “Who does the housework?” The men answered very differently from the women!

The housework they asked people about were: preparing meals, washing dishes, cleaning the house and babysitting. 48% of British husbands said they did these things. 37% of Danish men helped in the house. But only 15% of Italian men said they did the housework; many of them said they never helped at all.

But there was an interesting point of view from the wives. According to British wives, only 35% of their husbands helped in the house. And Italian wives said that their husbands hardly ever helped. The Italian and British men did not tell the truth! The Commission found that Danish men were the most trustful husbands; their answers were the same as their wives' answers.

Do the men you know help in the house? Do you think the survey gives a true picture in your experience?

1.The subject for the survey is _______ .

A. who does the housework at home

B. how many boys do the housework

C. how many women do the housework

D. who are more diligent, wives or husbands

2.More _______ husbands help in the house than _______ husbands.

A. Danish; British    B. Italian; Danish

C. British; Danish    D. Italian; British

3.The survey shows that _______ husbands were the most trustful.

A. Italian    B. Danish

C. British    D. Both A and B

4.The followings are the housework of the survey except _________.

A. preparing meals    B. washing dishes

C. remove the weeds in the garden    D. cleaning the house and babysitting.

5.Which word has the same meaning as “trustful”?

A. brave    B. cheerful

C. modern    D. honest

 

I came to study in the United States a year ago .Yet I did not know the real American society until I was injured in a car accident because after the accident I had to see a doctor and go to court.

After the accident, my roommate called a doctor for me. I was very grateful and determined to repay him one day. But the next day, he asked me to pay him $200 for what he had done. I was astonished. He had good reason to charge me, he said. And if I wanted to collect money from the person who was responsible for my injury, I’d have to have a good lawyer. And only a good doctor can help me get a good lawyer .Now that he had helped me find a good doctor, it was only fair that I should pay him.

But every day I went to see the doctor, I had to wait about 50 minutes. He would see two or three patients at the same time, and often stop treating one so as to see another. Yet he charged me $115 each time .The final examination report consisted of ten lines, and it cost me $215.

My lawyer was all smiles the first time we met. But after that he avoided seeing me at all. He knew very well the other party was responsible for the accident, yet he hardly did anything. He simply waited to collect his money. He was so irresponsible that I decided to dismiss him. And he made me pay him $770.

Now I had to act as my own lawyer. Due to my inexperience, I told the insurance company the date I was leaving America. Knowing that, they played for time...and I left without getting a cent.

1.The author’s roommate offered to help him because________.

A. he felt sorry for the author

B. he knew the doctor was a very good one

C. he thought it was a chance to make some money

D. he wanted the author to have a good lawyer

2.A good doctor is necessary for the author to________.

A. be properly treated.

B. talk with the person responsible for the accident.

C. eventually get the responsible party to pay for his injury.

D. recover before he leaves American.

3.The word “charge” in the third paragraph means_________ .

A. ask as a price    B. accuse

C. be responsible    D. claim

4.Both the doctor and the lawyer in this passage are very__________.

A. friendly    B. busy

C. professional    D. selfish

5.What conclusion can you draw from the story?

A. Going to court is something very common in America.

B. One must be very careful while driving a car.

C. There are more bad sides in America than good sides.

D. Money is more important than other things in the US.

 

 

Guitar lessons 
An excellent musician. Good-at teaching kids for 5 years.

Your home or mine. Call Larry at 6087593.

Lost dog 
Medium size, spotted white short hair. Answer you when you call it David. Many thanks for returning it. 
Call Susan at 7328059.

Taxi driver wanted.

Full time. Experience and good knowledge of the city are necessary. Under 45 years old. Call Mr. White at 5132633 or 13935728866.

Apartment for sale

Two bedrooms, a kitchen and a bathroom. Hot water 8:00 - 18:00. Beautiful sights out of the windows.

E-mail: sdgt@ 163.com.

 

 

1.Who can teach children to play the guitar?

A. David.    B. Larry.

C. Mr. White.    D. Susan.

2.Which number should you call at if you find the lost dog?

A. 6087593.    B. 5132633.

C. 7328059.    D. 13935728866.

3.Which of the following people may get the job as a taxi driver?

A. A 50-year-old person.

B. A person who has just got his driver’s license.

C. A 40-year-old person who can drive well in the city.

D. A person who can drive and has free time on weekends.

4.When is hot water provided in the apartment according to the ad?

A. At night.    B. In the daytime.

C. At any time.    D. Only in the afternoon.

5.How can you contact the owner of the apartment for more information?

A. By making a phone call.    B. By going to visit it.

C. By sending a letter.    D. By sending an e-mail.

 

假如你是李华,计划和同学去敬老院(nursing home)陪老人们过重阳节(the Double Ninth Festival)。请给外教露西写封邮件,邀她一同前往,内容包括:

1.出发及返回时间;

2.活动:包饺子、表演节目等。

注意:

1.词数100左右;

2.可以适当增加细节,以使行文连贯;

3.结语已为你写好

Dear Lucy,

________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

Looking forward to your replay .

Yours,

Li Hua

 

假定英语课上老师要求同桌之间交换修改作文,请你修改你同桌写的以下作文。作文中共有10处语言错误,每句中最多有两处。每处错误仅涉及一个单词的增加、删除或修改。

增加:在缺词处加一个漏子符号(∧)并在其下面写出该加的词。

删除:在错的词下划一横线,并在该词下面写出修改后的词。

注意:1.每处错误及其修改均仅限一词;

2.只允许修改10处,多者(从第11处起)不计分。

One day, little Tony went to a shopping center wit his parent. It was very crowded. Tony saw a toy on a shop window. He liked it so very much that he quickly walked into the shop. After looks at the toy for some time, he turned around and found where his parents were missing. Tony was scared and begun to cry. A woman saw him crying and telling him to wait outside a shop. Five minutes later. Tony saw parents. Mom said,” How nice to see you again! Dad and I were terrible worried.”Tony promised her that this would never happen again.

 

The adobe dwellings(土坯房)1.(build) by the Pueblo Indians of the American Southwest are admired by even 2. most modern of architects and engineers. In addition to their simple beauty, what makes the adobe dwellings admirable is their 3.(able) to “air condition” a house without 4.(use)exact equipment. Walls made of adobe take in the heat from the sun on hot days and give out that her5.(slow)during cool nights,thus warning the house. When a new day breaks, the walls have given up their heat and are now cold enough 6. _ (cool) the house during the hot day: 7. the same time, they warm up again for the night This cycle 8. (go) day after day: The walls warm up During the day and cool off during the night and thus always a timely offset(抵消)for the outside temperatures. As 9.(nature) architects, the Pueblo Indians figured out exactly10.thick the adobe walls needed to be to make the cycle work on most days.

 

Where do you go when you want to learn something? A friend? A tutor? These are all________aces of learning. But it may well be that the learning you really______want somewhere else instead. I had the______of seeing this first hand on a________.

Why daughter plays on a recreational soccer team. They did very well this season and so_______a tournament, which normally was only for more skilled club teams. This led to some______experiences on Saturday as they played again teams______trained. Through the first two games, her ______did not get on serious shot on goal. As a parent, I_______seeing my daughter playing her best, _______ still defeated.

IT seemed that something clicked with the______between Saturday and Sunday. When they ______for their Sunday game, they were______different. They had begun integrate (融合)the kinds of play and teamwork they had______the day before into their______.They played aggressively and______ scored a goal.

It _____ me that playing against the other team was a great______moment for all the girls on the team. I think it is a general principle. ______ is the best teacher. The lessons they may not be______what they would have gotten in school. But are certainly more personal and meaningful, because they had to work them out on their own.

1.A. public    B. traditional    C. official    D. special

2.A. passes    B. works    C. lies    D. ends

3.A. dream    B. idea    C. habit    D. chance

4.A. trip    B. holiday    C. weekend    D. square

5.A. won    B. entered    C. organized    D. watched

6.A. painful    B. Strange    C. common    D. practical

7.A. less    B. poorly    C. newly    D. better

8.A. fans    B. tutors    C. class    D. team

9.A. imagined    B. hated    C. Avoided    D. missed

10.A. if    B. or    C. but    D. as

11.A. girls    B. parents    C. coaches    D. viewers

12.A. Dressed    B. showed up    C. made up    D. planned

13.A. slightly    B. hardly    C. Basically    D. completely

14.A. seen    B. Known    C. heard    D. read

15.A. styles    B. training    C. game    D. rules

16.A. even    B. still    C. seldom    D. again

17.A. confused    B. Struck    C. reminded    D. warned

18.A. Touching    B. thinking    C. encouraging    D. learning

19.A. Experience    B. Independence    C. Curiosity    D. Interest

20.A. harmful to    B. mixed with    C. different from    D. applied t

 

Training for a marathon (马拉松) requires careful preparation and steady, gradual increases in the length of the runs. 1., buy the best-fitting running shoes you can find. No one can say which brand will work best for you or feel best on your feet, so you have to rely on your experience and on the feel of each pair as you shop. When you have found shoes that seem right, walk in them for a few days to double-check the fit. 2.. As always, you should stretch (伸展) at least ten minutes before each run to prevent injuries.

During the first week, do not think about distance, but run five minutes longer each day. 3., it is wise to take a day off to rest. But during the next week, set a goal of at least a mile and a half per run. 4.. After two weeks, start timing yourself. 5.. Depending on the kind of race you plan to enter, you can set up a timetable for the remaining weeks before the race.

A. After six days

B. For a good marathon runner

C. Before you begin your training

D. With each day, increase the distance by a half mile

E. If they still feel good, you can begin running in them

F. Time spent for preparation raises the quality of training

G. Now you are ready to figure out a goal of improving distance and time

 

Choose Your One-Day-Tours!

Tour A - Bath &Stonehenge including entrance fees to the ancient Roman bathrooms and Stonehenge -£37 until 26 March and £39 thereafter. Visit the city with over 2,000 years of history and Bath Abbey, the Royal Crescent and the Costume Museum, Stonehenge is one of the world's most famous prehistoric monuments dating back over 5,000 years.

Tour B - Oxford & Stratford including entrance fees to the University St Mary's Church Tower and Anne Hathaway's -£32 until 12 March and £36 thereafter. Oxford: Includes a guided tour of England's oldest university city and colleges. Look over the "city of dreaming spires(尖顶)"from St Mary’s Church Tower. Stratford: Includes a guided tour exploring much of the Shakespeare wonder.

Tour C - Windsor Castle &Hampton Court: including entrance fees to Hampton Court Palace -£34 until 11 March and £37 thereafter. Includes a guided tour of Windsor and Hampton Court, Henry VILL's favorite palace. Free time to visit Windsor Castle(entrance fees not included).With 500 years of history, Hampton Court was once the home of four Kings and one Queen. Now this former royal palace is open to the public as a major tourist attraction. Visit the palace and its various historic gardens, which include the famous maze(迷宫)where it is easy to get lost!

Tour D –Cambridge including entrance fees to the Tower of Saint Mary the Great -£33 until 18 March and £37 thereafter. Includes a guided tour of Cambridge, the famous university town, and the gardens of the 18th century.

1.Which tour will you choose if you want to see England’s oldest university city?

A. Tour A    B. Tour B

C. Tour C    D. Tour D

2.Which of the following tours charges the lowest fee on 17 March?

A. Windsor Castle & Hampton Court    B. Oxford & Stratford

C. Bath & Stonehenge    D. Cambridge

3.Why is Hampton Court a major tourist attraction?

A. It used to be the home of royal families    B. It used to be a well-known maze

C. It is the oldest palace in Britain    D. It is a world-famous castle

 

More student than ever before are taking a gap-year (间隔年)before going to university.It used to be called the “year off” between school and university.The gap-year phenomenon originated(起源) with the months left over to Oxbridge applicants between entrance exams in November and the start of the next academic year.

This year, 25,310 students who have accepted places in higher education institutions have put off their entry until next year, according to statistics on university entrance provided by University and College Admissions Service (UCAS) .

That is a record 14.7% increase in the number of students taking a gap year. Tony Higgins from UCAS said that the statistics are good news for everyone in higher education. “Students who take a well-planned year out are more likely to be satisfied with, and complete, their chosen course. Students who take a gap year are often more mature and responsible,” he said.

But not everyone is happy. Owain James, the president of the National Union of Students(NUS), argued that the increase is evidence of student had ship – young people are being forced into earning money before finishing their education. “New students are now aware that they are likely to leave university up to £15,000 in debt. It is not surprising that more and More students are taking a gap year to earn money to support their study for the degree.NUS statistics show that over 40% of students are forced to work during term time and the figure increases to 90% during vacation periods,”he said.

1.What do we learn about the gap year from the text?

A. It is flexible in length.

B. It is a time for relaxation.

C. It is increasingly popular.

D. It is required by universities.

2.According to Tony Higgins, students taking a gap year______.

A. are better prepared for college studies

B. know a lot more about their future jobs

C. are more likely to leave university in debt

D. have a better chance to enter top universities

3.How does Owain James feel about the gap-year phenomenon?

A. He's puzzled.    B. He's worried.

C. He's surprised.    D. He's annoyed.

4.What would most students do on their vacation according to NUS statistics?

A. Attend additional courses.    B. Make plans for the new term.

C. Earn money for their education.    D. Prepare for their graduate studies.

 

Your house may have an effect on your figure . Experts say the way you design your home could play a role in whether you pack on the pounds or keep them off . You can make your environment work for you instead of against you . Here are some ways to turn your home into part of diet plan.

Open the curtains and turn up the lights . Dark environments are more likely to encourage overeating , for people are often less self-conscious(难为情)when they’re in poorly lit places-and so more likely to eat lots of food . If your home doesn’t have enough window light , get more lamps and flood the place with brightness.

Mind the colors . Research suggests warm colors fuel our appetites . In one study , people who ate meals in a blue room consumed 33 percent less than those in a yellow or red room . Warm colors like yellow make tood appear more appetizing , while cold colors make us feel less hungry . So when it’s time to repaint , go blue.

Don’t forget the clock-or the radio. People who eat slowly tend to consume about 70 fewer calories(卡路里) per meal than those who rush through their meals. Begin keeping track of the time, and try to make dinner last at least 30 minutes, And while you’re at it, actually sit down to eat. If you need some help slowing down , turn on relaxing music. It makes you less likely to rush through a meal.

Downsize the dishes, Big serving bowls and plates can easily make us fat. We eat about 22 percent more when using a 12-inch plate instead of a 10-inch plate. When we choose a large spoon over a smaller one ,total intake(摄入) jumps by 14 percent. And we’ll pour about 30 percent more liquid into a short, wide glass than a tall, skinny glass.

1.The text is especially helpful for those who care about_______.

A. their home comforts    B. their body shape

C. house buying    D. healthy diets

2.A home environment in blue can help people_________.

A. digest food better    B. reduce food intake

C. burn more calories    D. regain their appetites

3.What are people advised to do at mealtimes?

A. Eat quickly.    B. Play fast music.

C. Use smaller spoons.    D. Turn down the lights.

4.What can be a suitable title for the test?

A. Is Your Hourse Making You Fat?

B. Ways of Serving Dinner

C. Effects of Self-Consciousness

D. Is Your Home Environment Relaxing?

 

My color television has given me nothing but a headache. I was able to buy it a little over a year ago  because I had my relatives give me  money for my birthday instead of a lot of clothes that wouldn’t fit .I let a salesclerk fool me into buying a discontinued model, I realized this a day later, when I saw newspaper advertisements for the set at seventy-five dollars less than I had paid, The set worked so beautifully when I first got it home that I would keep it on until stations signed off  for the night, Fortunately, I didn’t got any channels showing all-night movies or I would never have gotten to bed.

Then I started developing a problem with the set that involved static (静电) noise. For some reason, when certain shows switched into a commercial, a loud noise would sound for a few seconds. Gradually, this noise began to appear during a show, and to get rid of it, I had to change to another channel and then change it back. Sometimes this technique would not work, and I had to pick up the set and shake it to remove the sound. I actually began to build up my arm muscles(肌肉) shaking my set.

When neither of these methods removed the static noise ,I would sit helplessly and  wait for the noise to go away. At last I ended up hitting the set with my fist, and it stopped working altogether .My trip to the repair shop cost me $62, and the set is working well now, but I keep expecting more trouble.

1.Why did the author say he was fooled into buying the TV set?

A. He got an older model than he had expected.

B. He couldn’t return it when it was broken.

C. He could have bought it at a lower price.

D. He failed to find any movie shows on it.

2.Which of the following can best replace the phrase ”signed off” in Paragraph 1?

A. ended all their programs    B. provided fewer channels

C. changed to commercials    D. showed all-night movies

3.How did the author finally get his TV set working again?

A. By shaking and hitting it.    B. By turning it on and off.

C. By switching channels.    D. By having it repaired.

4.How does the author sound when telling the story ?

A. Curious    B. Anxious

C. Cautious    D. Humorous

 

4月23日是“世界读书日”(World Reading Day),假如你是班长,请你起草一份倡仪书,号召全班同学以实际行动迎接“世界读书日”的到来,为创建“书香校园”,多读书、读好书,养成课外读书的好习惯。字数100左右。

倡仪书应包括以下内容:

1.现状( 看电视、上网时间多而读书的时间少)  

2.列举一些阅读的好处  

3.给同学们建议

开头已给,不计入词数。

Good morning! Boys and girls,

As we know, World Reading Day which falls on April 23rd is drawing near. The purpose of the global festival is to promote reading and publishing.

____________________________________________________________________________________________

____________________________________________________________________________________________

____________________________________________________________________________________________

____________________________________________________________________________________________

____________________________________________________________________________________________

____________________________________________________________________________________________

___________________________________________________________________

 

假定英语课上老师要求同桌之间交换修改作文,请你修改你同桌写的以下作文。文中共有10处语言错误,每句中最多有两处。每处错误涉及一个单词的增加 、删除和修改。

增加:在缺词处加一个漏字符号(∧),并在其下面写出该加的词 。

删除:把多余的词用斜线划掉。

修改:在错的词下划一横线,并在该词下面写出修改后的词。

注意:1.每处错误及其修改均仅限一词;

2.只允许修改10处,多者(从第11处起)不计分。

The winter holiday is coming. My classmates and I are talking about how to do during the holiday. We can chose between staying at home and take a trip. If we stay at home, it is comfortable but there is no need to spend money. But in that case, we will learn little about world. If we go on a trip abroad, we can broaden your view and gain knowledges that we cannot get from books. Some classmates suggest we can go to places of interest nearby. I thought that it is a good idea. It does not cost many, yet we can still learn a lot.

 

Once there lived a rich man 1.  wanted to do something for the people of his town. But first he wanted to find out whether they deserved 2. (he) help.

In the centre of the main road into the town, he placed 3.  very large stone. Then he 4. (hide) behind a tree and waited. Soon an old man came along with his cow.

“Who put this stone in the centre of the road?” said the old man,5. he did not try to remove the stone. Instead, with some difficulty he passed around the stone and continued on his way.6.  man came along and did the same thing; then another came, and another. All of them complained about the stone but not tried to remove7.. Late in the afternoon a young man came along. He saw the stone, saying to himself, “The night 8. (be) very dark. Some neighbors will come along later in the dark and will fall against the stone.” Then he began to move the stone. He pushed and pulled with all his strength  9. (move) it. How great was his surprise at last! 10.  the stone, he found a bag of money.

 

Ten years ago, I moved to Chicago. As I was new to the area, I had _______ friends and rarely went out to parties. But a month later, I was invited to a party and there I _______ an elderly couple.

The wife and I_______ for a long time. She told me how _______ she was about her husband who was _______ a heart operation. At that time I was working as a researcher in the same _______ where the husband would be going for his operation, _______ I told her to set down my phone number and _______ me to let me know when he was there. She phoned a few weeks later as _______ and told me that her husband was admitted to the hospital and ________ waiting. I told her that I would go and cheek on him every day when I was at ________. I thought that if it was my dad, I would do the same, so I ________ to keep company with them. Weeks turned into months and it just became my ________ to see them and keep track of how things were going before, during and after the heart operation.

Sometimes I’d bring a ________for him to read, or some food that we would ________ together. As time went by, it seemed like I became part of the ________. Even after the husband returned from the hospital, we still often ________ each other on holidays. Now, ten years later, I ________ my own family.

Since our parents don’t ________ close by, this couple has become my son’s “local” grandparents. My wife and I often feel truly ________ to have this couple as our “local” parents! Sometimes family comes out of the most unexpected place.

1.A. few    B. some    C. several    D. many

2.A. served    B. supported    C. saved    D. met

3.A. looked    B. talked    C. worked    D. searched

4.A. pleased    B. mad    C. guilty    D. worried

5.A. waiting for    B. turning down    C. paying for    D. giving up

6.A. hospital    B. hotel    C. restaurant    D. office

7.A. so    B. but    C. or    D. since

8.A. invite    B. help    C. ask    D. call

9.A. required    B. reported    C. imagined    D. expected

10.A. ever    B. never    C. still    D. already

11.A. home    B. school    C. work    D. play

12.A. stopped    B. decided    C. pace    D. trust

13.A. problem    B. purpose    C. stress    D. habit

14.A. book    B. letter    C. report    D. post

15.A. order    B. share    C. cook    D. prepare

16.A. family    B. public    C. team    D. group

17.A. missed    B. followed    C. watched    D. visited

18.A. leave    B. find    C. have    D. need

19.A. walk    B. come    C. live    D. drive

20.A. thankful    B. interested    C. surprised    D. successful

 

Question: I have been learning English for about 7 years. 1. And I still can't make myself understood in English. However, I love learning English. How can I learn English well? Please help me.

Answer: Many people have asked me this question. 2. Here I will give you several tips for learning English.

3.

First of all, you must want to learn. If you are not interested in learning English, no class will help you and no book will help you. So you have to be honest with yourself. Ask yourself, “Do I really want to learn English?” If you can't answer “yes” to this question, it is better for you to set English aside until you're ready and willing to learn.

● Set goals (目标).

To learn English well, you must set some goals. 4. It will also help you to see your progress. Ask yourself, “What are my goals? What areas would I like to improve?” Think about what your goals are, and review once in a while to see that you are making progress toward your goals.

● Practice, practice, and practice.

After you have set your goals, you have a better idea of what you need to practice. Just like the athlete  (运动员)whose goal is the Olympics must train(训练)daily, you as a language learner must practice language every day to make progress toward your goal. 5.

A. I think it is not easy to learn it well.

B.Want to learn.

C. Reading is a very good way to learn new words.

D. Make friends with some Americans online.

E. The more you practice, the more progress you will make.

F. The answers are as different as the people asking the question.

G. Having goals will help you remember what areas you want to work on.

 

Can dogs and cats get along well in the same home? People who are thinking about getting a dog as a friend for their cat are worried that they will fight. A recent research has found that if the cat is taken back home before the dog, and if they are introduced when still young (less than 6 months for cats, a year for dogs), it is highly probable that the two pets will get along swimmingly. In two-thirds of the homes cats and dogs have a good relationship.

However, it wasn’t all sweetness and light. There was a reported coldness between the cat and dog in 25% of the homes, while aggression(侵略,好斗) and fighting were found in 10% of the homes. One reason for this is probably that some of their body languages are just different. For example, when a cat turns its head away it means aggression, while a dog doing the same means submission(顺从).

In homes with cats and dogs living peacefully, researchers found a surprising behavior. They are learning how to talk each other’s language. It is a surprise that cats can learn how to talk “Dog”, and dogs can learn how to talk “Cat”.

What’s interesting is that both cats and dogs have appeared to become smarter. They can learn to read each other’s body languages, suggesting that the two may have more in common than was expected. Once familiar with each other’s body language, cats and dogs can play together, and enjoy sleeping together on the sofa.

The importance of this research on cats and dogs may go beyond  pets — to people who don’t get along well, including neighbors, colleagues at work, and even countries. If cats and dogs can learn to get along, surely people have a good chance.

1.The underlined word “swimmingly” in Paragraph 1 is closest in meaning to ________.

A. early    B. mostly

C. quickly    D. smoothly

2.Some cats and dogs may fight when ________.

A. they are cold to each other

B. they look away from each other

C. they are introduced at an early age

D. they misunderstand each other’s body languages

3.It is suggested in Paragraph 4 that cats and dogs ________.

A. have common interests

B. are less different than was thought

C. have a common body language

D. are not so smart as was expected

4.What can we human beings learn from cats and dogs?

A. We should learn to get along well with others.

B. We should know more about animals.

C. We should live in peace with animals.

D. We should learn more body languages.

 

When I was nine years old, I loved to go fishing with my dad. But the only thing that wasn’t very fun about it was that he could catch many fish while I couldn’t catch anything. I usually got pretty upset(心烦的) and kept asking him why. He always answered, “Son, if you want to catch a fish, you have to think like a fish”, I remember being even more upset then because, “I’m not a fish!” I didn’t know how to think like a fish. Besides, I reasoned, how could what I think influence what a fish does.

As I got a little older I began to understand what my dad really meant. So, I read some books on fish. And I even joined the local fishing club and started attending the monthly meetings. I learned that a fish is a cold-blooded(冷血的)animal and therefore is very sensitive(敏感的) to water temperature. That is why fish prefer shallow water to deep water because the former is warmer. Besides, water is usually warmer in direct sunlight than in the shade(阴凉处). Yet, fish don’ t have any eyelids(眼皮) and the sun hurts their eyes. The more I understood fish, the more I became effective at finding and catching them.

When I grew up and entered the business world, I remember hearing my first boss say, “We all need to think like sales people.” But it didn’t completely make sense. My dad never once said, “If you want to catch a fish you need to think like a fisherman.” What he said was, “You need to think like a fish.” Years later, with great efforts to promote long-term services to people much older and richer than me, I gradually learned what we all need is to think more like customers. It is not an easy job. I will show you how in the following chapters.

1.Why was the author upset in fishing trips when he was nine?

A. He could not catch a fish.

B. His father was not patient with him.

C. His father did not teach him fishing.

D. He could not influence a fish as his father did.

2.According to the author, fish are most likely to be found _________.

A. in deep water on sunny days

B. in deep water on cloudy days

C. in shallow water under sunlight

D. in shallow water under waterside trees.

3.After entering the business world, the author found _________.

A. it easy to think like a customer

B. his father’s fishing advice inspiring

C. his first boss’s sales ideas reasonable

D. it difficult to sell services to poor people

4.This passage most likely comes from _________.

A. a fishing guide

B. a popular sales book

C. a novel on childhood

D. a millionaire’s biography(自传)

 

In 1971 a young man who grew up very poor was traveling across the country, trying to make a new start for himself. Along the way he had completely run out of(用光了...) money and was forced to spend the night in his car. This continued until one morning, after a week of sleeping in his car, he walked nervously into a restaurant and ordered a big breakfast.

After eating his first good meal in weeks, he found himself lying to the waiter, telling him he had lost his wallet. The waiter, who was also the owner, walked behind the chair where the young man had been sitting. He bent down, and came up with a $20 bill that looked as if it had fallen on the floor and said, “Son, you must have dropped this,”the owner said. The young man couldn’t believe his luck! He quickly paid for the breakfast, left a tip, bought gas with the change, and headed West.

On the way out of town, he began to understand what the owner did. Maybe nobody dropped the money at all.“Maybe that fellow just knew I was in trouble and he helped me in a way that didn’t embarrass(使尴尬)me. So I just made a promise to help other people if I can.”

Later, he worked very hard and became a rich man. Now he lives near Kansas City. Each year he gives away thousands of dollars. He is known as the “Secret Santa” because at Christmas time each year, he personally hands money out to those on the street and at restaurants. Last year, he gave more than $50,000 away in Kansas City.

1.The young man was traveling across the country in 1971 to ______

A. look for a good restaurant    B. improve his life

C. show his new car to others    D. hand out dollars

2.The underline sentence means that the young man got to know that____

A. It was very lucky of him to get his lost money back.

B. It was very honest of the owner to return his money

C. the owner helped him in a way that didn’t hurt his feeling

D. another person who had breakfast in the restaurant lost the money

3.From the end of the passage we can learn that_______

A. the man did carry out his promise

B. the man was not successful in the end

C. the owner was paid back the money

D. Santa give the man money each year

4.The message of the story is“_______”

A. One good turn deserves another

B. Where there is a will,there is a way

C. He who travels far knows much

D. Give love wings(翅膀) and it may fly higher

 

Ocean water is full of salt(盐)— and salt water can hold up(支撑)more weight than fresh water.(淡水)See for yourself!

You Will Need:

● 3 cups of warm water

● Measuring cup

● Wide-mouthed jar

● Salt

● Spoon(勺子)

● Raw potato

You Will Do:

1.Pour 1.5 cups of warm water into the jar.

2. Add 1/3 cup of salt.

3. Stir(搅拌) until the salt is completely dissolved.(溶解)

4. Add another 1.5 cups of water. Pour it slowly over the back of the spoon into the      jar so that the two liquid(液体) will not mix together.

5. Gently place the potato into the jar. Do not drop it.

What Will Happen:

The potato will sink(下沉)— but only halfway!

Why?

Salt water is heavier than fresh water, so it will stay on the bottom. The fresh water will remain on top.

The potato is heavier than the fresh water, but it is lighter than the salt water. That is why the potato will sink halfway down.

1.In which step of the experiment do you add the salt?

A. Step 1.    B. Step 2.

C. Step 3.    D. Step 4.

2.In Step 4 of the experiment, why do you pour the water over the spoon “slowly”?

A. It is easier to see what you are doing.

B. It pushes the fresh water to the bottom.

C. It will keep the water from coming out.

D. It will keep the liquids from mixing together.

3.In the experiment, what should you do right after you pour the water over the spoon?

A. Add the salt to the water.    B. Stir the salt into the water.

C. Place the potato in the jar.    D. Pour warm water into the jar.

 

假如你是李华,最近你从校报上看到一则广告,你校外教John暑期打算开一西餐馆,需要招聘5名擅长英语的暑期兼职工,请你根据下列要点提示写一封求职信。

1. 李华,男,17岁,身体健康。  

2. 擅长英语,口语流利。

3. 性格外向,交际能力强。

注意:1.词数100左右。

2.书信格式已经给出,不计入总词数。

3.可以适当拓展。

Dear John,

I happened to have read your advertisement and decide to apply for the job.

_________________________________________________________________

Yours,

Li Hua

 

短文改错

假定英语课上老师要求同桌之间交换修改作文,请你修改你同桌写的以下作文。文中共有10处语言错误,每句中最多有两处。每处错误仅涉及一个单词的增删或修改。

增加:在缺词处加一个漏字符号(∧),并在其下面写出该加的词;

删除:把多余的词用斜线(﹨)划掉;

修改:在错的词下面画一条横线,并在该词下面写出修改后的词。

注意:1. 每处错误及其修改均仅限一词;

2. 只允许修改10处,多者(从11处起)不计分。

As we all know, travelling can be an excited experience. Let me give you some advices that you have to pay attention. You can find out more about your destination by surf the Internet before you set out. You needn’t take too many cash. Since it can be very convenient to pay in cash, using cheques is much more reliable. In additional, it will be wise of you to take an umbrella in case of it should rain. And if you are to travel abroad, you’d better understand the culture and diversity. Keep this in mind that being polite in foreign countries can help you had a wonderful trip.

1.2.3.4.5.

6.7.8.9.10.

 

It was September, 2003 and I was struggling to find work. Nothing 1. (go) well with me. I sat in the house and constantly worried I would spend the night in the street as soon as2.( I ) savings ran out.

I decided to find some volunteer work to occupy my thoughts when I 3. (tell) not to be employed. The first 4. (choose) of mine was the Arizona Humane Society . 5. (be) with all kinds of animals was the only time when I 6. (true) felt I had a place in the world. That was where I found peace at a time when I was 7. (frighten) and unsure of everything life was throwing at me.

I hadn’t been around horses for nearly 15 years so I found 8. was difficult for me to handle(驾驭) them. But 9. the help of other volunteers, I did well very soon. During my stay there, I had a great time working with humans and animals equally.

I believe the peace which comes from working with our animal brothers is something that can make the world 10. more harmonious place!

 

A jobless man applied for the position of “office boy” at Microsoft. The HR manager ____him, then watched him cleaning the floor as a ________.

“You are employed,” he said. “Give me your e-mail address, and I’ll send you the application to ________, as well as the date when you will start.”

The man replied, “But I don’t have a ________, neither an email.”

“I’m ________,” said the HR manager. “If you don’t have an email, that means you do not ________. And anyone who is not existent cannot have the job.”

The man left with ______. He didn’t know what to do, with only $10 in his ______. He then decided to go to the ______ and buy a basket of tomatoes. He then sold the tomatoes in a door-to-door round. In less than two hours, he ______ to double his capital(资本). He repeated the operation three times, and returned home with $60.

The man realized that he can ______ in this way, so he started to go ______ every day, and returned later. Thus, his ______ increased with years. Soon, he bought a cart (手推车), then a ______. He had his own fleet of delivery vehicles 5 years later. Now the man is one of the biggest ______ retailers (零售商) in the U.S., selling vegetables and fruit.

He started to plan his family’s future and ______ to have a life insurance. He called an insurance broker (经纪人), and chose a protection plan. When the conversation was ______, the broker asked him for his email. The man replied: “I don’t have an email.”

The broker answered ______, “You don’t have an email, and ______ have succeeded in building a business empire. Can you imagine what you could have been _______ you had an email?” The man thought for a while, and replied: “An office boy at Microsoft!”

1.A. examined    B. called [    C. comforted    D. interviewed

2.A. test    B. quiz    C. sign    D. symbol

3.A. fill in    B. put down    C. write with    D. break up

4.A. basket    B. computer    C. dictionary    D. house

5.A. sorry    B. sure    C. glad    D. confident

6.A. live    B. exist    C. lie    D. know

7.A. hope    B. doubt    C. regret      D. interest

8.A. book    B. bag    C. box    D. pocket

9.A. station    B. bank    C. restaurant    D. supermarket

10.A. decided    B. pretended    C. managed    D. seemed

11.A. survive    B. settle    C. escape    D. react

12.A. earlier    B. more cautiously    C. harder    D. less carefully

13.A. health    B. luck    C. wealth    D. fame

14.A. telephone    B. truck    C. radio    D. toy

15.A. book    B. food    C. tomato    D. drink

16.A. decided    B. refused    C. preferred    D. failed

17.A. interrupted    B. recorded    C. concluded    D. corrected

18.A. curiously    B. politely    C. quickly    D. angrily

19.A. somehow    B. furthermore    C. therefore    D. yet

20.A. unless    B. until    C. if    D. though

 

Everyone has worries, but what do you do with your worries? Whether your worries are

big or small, you can take three steps to deal with them.

Try to find out the causes.

1. Sometimes you know it, but sometimes you might not. If you can’t make sure what your worries are, you will have more and more new problems in your life.  So remember that you must try to find out the causes before you start to deal with them even though it might not be so easy.

2.

There is always something you can do to help you feel less worried.  Sitting there worrying is no fun and it won’t solve your problem. 3.. If you’re worried about grades, ask yourself these questions:

·How do I get ready for class? Do I review my notes even when there isn’t a test?

·Do I have a good place to do my homework?

·4.

If your worry is about a fight you had with a friend, you might write down all the things you could do—write a note to him or her, invite him or her to a basketball game, say sorry to him or her etc. .  Once you have a list of things you could do, you can choose the one that gets your friend back.

Ask for help.

When you are worried, you need to find someone to communicate with.

5.They will help you analyze(分析)your problems carefully and solve them easily.

A. Have I tried different ways of studying?

B. Grades at school are often a top worry for students.

C. Think of the ways to improve grades.

D. You can ask your parents, friends, or teachers for help.

E. How can I improve my grades?

F. Think of the ways to make it better.

G. The first step is to find out what you’re worried about.

 

The biggest challenge faced by travelers especially those who like to have a hiking trip is how to ensure a steady supply of clean clothes. Now, thanks to a great invention called Scrubba Wash Pack, that worry may be a thing of the past.

The portable(手提的) washing machine was invented by Ash Newland in 2010, while planning to climb Mt. Kilimanjaro. Struck by the limited packing space, he got inspiration(灵感) from traditional washboards to create a bag that could be used to clean clothes. Then he gave up his career as a lawyer and focused on perfecting the bag’s design. By 2012, the bag was ready for the public. It weighed only 180 grams and required very little storage space, making it perfect for anyone wishing to travel light.

Not surprisingly, the bag worth 55 dollars was an instant hit with travelers, university students and even passengers. However, Newland was not satisfied. He still saw a flaw(缺点) with his invention – dirty clothes had to be carried around in a separate bag! The recently introduced Scrubba Wash Pack solves that problem.

In order to make the pack active, dirty clothes are placed inside the bag along with two to three liters of water. The bag is then shut tightly to ensure all air is squeezed out(挤出去) and the clothes are massaged for a few minutes. After a quick wash, they are clean and ready to be dried. According to Newland, the pack can clean anything from jeans to smelly socks! What’s even more amazing is that with a capacity to hold 13-liters of water, it can be used to wash more clothes at a time.

The best part is that the 99-dollar pack that will be available for sale later this year, only weighs 300 grams and is completely foldable, making it easy to store when it’s not in use. With the Scrubba Wash Pack, wandering through foreign cities searching for a washing shop, or paying for washing machines may soon be a thing of the past!

1.What led Ash Newland to create the Scrubba Wash Bag?

A. His job requirements.    B. His personal experience.

C. His interest in invention.    D. A traditional washboard.

2.Why wasn’t Ash Newland satisfied with his former invention?

A. The invention was not so convenient.

B. Clothes couldn’t be washed well.

C. The bag couldn’t contain enough water.

D. The cost of the invention was very high.

3.It can be inferred that the improved Wash Pack ______.

A. turns to be much environmentally friendlier

B. will replace the traditional washing machines

C. can encourage more people to travel a long distance

D. will be widely used by more travelers in the future

4.What is the passage mainly about?

A. Introducing a great new invention.

B. Explaining the development of backpack

C. Listing some common problems for travelers.

D. Comparing two kinds of washing machines.

 

Rebecca, who is a 25-year-old woman, has a rare condition. She can remember all the events she has experienced in her life. The events are so vivid(生动的), as if they happened just moments ago. But her vivid memories often become a reality. Rebecca said, “When I relive(再想起) memories, the emotions come back. So if it’s something that happened when I was younger, my emotions are about what I felt then. I also re-experience pain. For example, I remember falling over and hurting my left knee when I was three. When talking about it now, I’m getting pain in my left knee.”

However, there are times when Rebecca’s memories prove to be too overwhelming(压倒性的), and she has learnt relaxation and mindfulness(聚精会神) techniques to solve. “At school, it is a hindrance. I’m not very quick at processing(处理) things, so there is always so much going through my mind. At night, I have to sleep with the radio on and a soft light. If it’s too dark or quiet, my mind just recalls(再回忆起) all these memories and I can’t sleep,” Rebecca said.

In addition, Rebecca has no control over whether the memories she recalls will be positive or negative – recalling painful experiences with such vividness that she has suffered from post-traumatic (创伤后的) stress disorder. Rebecca said, “Recently, I went back to my old school for my sister’s high school graduation. Being in that building again brought all those memories flooding back. I burst into tears and had to leave.”

Rebecca and her mother Mrs. Barnes got in touch with the University of California in 2011. It was there that Rebecca knew she had Highly Superior Autobiographical Memory (HSAM). It’s reported that Rebecca is one of just 80 people worldwide, who have HASM. “Finding out about HASM has been such a positive experience. Now, Rebecca has been more positive and able to do things independently, which has been excellent,” Mrs. Barnes said.

1.What’s wrong with Rebecca?

A. She hardly sleeps well at night.

B. She usually gets hurt easily by others.

C. She can’t distinguish between reality and dreams.

D. Her vivid memories lead her to experience sufferings.

2.What does the underlined word “hindrance” mean in Paragraph 2?

A. priority(优先权)    B. advantage.

C. difficulty.    D. opportunity.

3.What can we learn from Paragraph 3?

A. Rebecca had a strong dislike of going to school.

B. Rebecca was moved to tears at her sister’s graduation.

C. Rebecca and her sister once studied in the same school.

D. Rebecca enjoyed a happy life during her high school years.

4.It can be inferred from the last paragraph that Rebecca_____.

A. has got her life improved gradually

B. was influenced by her mother to be positive

C. was admitted into the University of California

D. became well-known due to her rare condition

 

Audrey Hepburn won an Academy Award as Best Actress for her first major American movie, Roman Holiday, which was released in 1953. But she is remembered as much for her aid work as for her acting.

Born in Belgium in 1929, Audrey’s father was British and her mother was Dutch. Audrey was sent to live at a British school for part of her childhood. During World War II, she lived and studied in the Netherlands. Her mother thought it would be safe from German attacks. Audrey studied dance as a teenager and during college when she returned to London after the war. But she realized she wasn’t going to be a ballerina (芭蕾舞女演员). So she began taking acting parts in stage shows. Later she began to get small parts in movies.

But it was Audrey Hepburn’s move to America that brought her true fame. In 1951 she played the character “Gigi” in the Broadway play of the same name to great critical praise. Two years later, Roman Holiday made her a star at the age of 24.

Audrey made more than 25 movies. Among her most popular roles was Holly Golightly in Breakfast at Tifany’s in 1961. Three years later she played Eliza Doolittle in My Fair Lady.

She was married two times and had one son by each husband. In 1989, the UN Children’s Fund named Audrey a goodwill ambassador. She travelled all over the world in support of UNICEF (联合国儿童基金会) projects. The UN agency said she was a tireless worker. She often gave 15 interviews a day to gain money and support for UNICEF projects.

Audrey Hepburn often said her loyalty to UNICEF was the result of her experiences as a child during World War II. She said she knew what it was like to be starving and to be saved by international aid. She was a goodwill ambassador until her death in 1993 from colon cancer.

1.In Paragraph 1, “her aid work” means ___________.

A. winning an Academy Award as Best Actress

B. taking acting parts in stage shows

C. acting as a goodwill ambassador for UNICEF

D. making her own movies

2.The reason why Audrey lived and studied in the Netherlands was that __________.

A. she wanted to be a ballerina

B. her parents were from Britain

C. it was safe there

D. the education there was excellent

3.We can infer from the passage that ___________ .

A. Audrey’s parents lived in Germany during World War II

B. Audrey lived in America in the 1950s

C. Audrey was made to give up dancing

D. the character “Gigi” in the Broadway play was her most popular role

4._______ is the right order for Audrey’s life.

The first time she began to play in movies.

She returned to London from the Netherlands.

She won an Academy Award as Best Actress.

She travelled all over the world in support of UNlCEF projects.

She played a part in My Fair Lady.

A. ①②⑤③④    B. ①②③⑤④

C. ②①⑤③④    D. ②①③⑤④

 

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