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    Both men and women are living longer these days in industrialized countries. 1. In general, they can expect to live six or seven years more than men. One reason for this is biological.

One important biological factor that helps women live longer is the difference in hormones between men and women. 2. Between the ages of about 12 and 50, women produce hormones that are involved in fertility(生育能力). These hormones also have a positive effect on the heart and blood flow. In fact, women are less likely to have high blood pressure or to die from heart attacks.

3.They help the body defend itself against some kinds of infections. This means that women generally ger sick less often and less seriously than men. The common cold is a good example: women, on average, get fewer colds than men.4.Scientists are still not exactly sure how influence aging, but they believe that they do. Some think that a woman’s body cells have a tendency() to age more slowly than a man’s. Others think that a man’s body cells have a tendency to age more quickly.5.

A.However, women, on average, live longer.

B.The biological factor plays an important part.

C.Women are also helped by their female genes.

D.The female hormones also protect the body in another way.

E.Recent research seems to support both of these possibilities.

F.Therefore, women are more healthy than men and can live a better life.

G.Hormones are chemicals which are produced by the body to control carious body functions.


    One day, I was taking a nap in the red chair in my office when I woke up to the sound of a car crash. I sat up and looked, immediately, out my window. Across the street, in a parking lot, a car had just backed into a chain-link fence. The car must have been moving fast, because it was in bad shape: Its hood had popped up. The fence was damaged, bent out in exactly the shape of the car’s back end.

I watched the driver get out of the car. He was strong with a shaved head; he wore cargo shorts and a flannel (法兰绒) shirt unbuttoned to expose his chest hair. I disliked him immediately. After a few seconds of assessing the damage, he attempted to pull the ruined fence back into place, but it wouldn’t move. He tried to push the fallen piece of bumper back onto his car, but that only made the rest of his bumper fall off too.

I sat in my red chair, looking out my window, silently cheering. I think I laughed out loud. This was a ridiculous masterpiece. He climbed out from under the collapsed fence and limped back to the apartment building above the lot, rubbing his elbow. The man—that disgusting man—was going to leave all the chaos behind for someone else to clean up.

But the man appeared a few minutes later with some tools. He got to work immediately, removing one of the fence’s bent support bars and hammering it straight on the asphalt (沥青). For the next hour, I watched out my window as he doggedly(固执地) fixed the fence, even improved it. Now the fence would be extra secure, stronger than before, impossible to damage.

This strange man was actually a hero. I was the lazy one, with my kneejerk (应激反应) judgments, my superiority (优越感) from three stories up. My ugly assumptions, I realized, were all about myself. I would never have fixed that fence; I would have panicked and run away.

Years later, I still look out my window at that fence almost every day. It still looks brand new, It makes me wonder what else that man has improved, and how I can make myself more like him.

1.Why did the driver leave a bad first impression on the writer?

A.Because he badly damaged the fence.

B.Because he acted rudely and impolitely.

C.Because he escaped and left the mess to others.

D.Because he had a strange appearance and dressed casually.

2.The last two paragraphs tell us that ________.

A.if the writer were the driver, he thought he would do better

B.the writer gave a quick judgment from his previous experiences

C.the driver acted like a hero and had a great influence on the writer

D.the writer looks out his window often and expects to see the driver again

3.Which of the following words can best describe the driver?

A.Rude but honest. B.Lazy but strong-minded.

C.Impatient but generous. D.Ordinary-looking but responsible.

4.What can be the best title of the text?

A.Don’t Judge a Book by Its Cover

B.One’s Thinking Directs One’s Actions

C.Treat Other People As You Hope They Will Treat You

D.The Environment Depends on What You Think in You Mind


    A bunch of strangers showed up at the gym in the early morning of the last Sunday of April. A few athletes were already stretching their arms, but most of us could barely focus. As I was burning off last night’s wrong decision-a big meal, I spotted a poster about a gym’s 21-day workout challenge, and I immediately signed up. I always wanted to train for a marathon, so I considered this as my warm-up. Besides, I needed to stop being lazy and this was my chance to make a change.

It was easy to promise on paper, but three weeks of recommended exercise routines and diet restrictions wouldn’t be easy, I stuck to working out 30 minutes a day, and I didn’t disturb my normal routine. Instead, I had to be faced with the tough work of being more creative in my spare time, thus breaking some bad habits.

Overcoming weaknesses with willpower was my goal for the next part of the journey. But the difficult part about making a challenge is realizing that “wanting” and “doing” are two very different things. Just like a career, you have to physically work for it rather than just wait for it to happen. But that’s hard. Throughout the 22 days, I often told myself that the challenge was meaningless and tried to sabotage myself from exercising. However, finally I overcame that negative thought and kept working out.

At the end of the challenge, I learned something even more important: Feeling the results is better than seeing them. I had fewer headaches and more energy, and was simply happier. I even felt a little smarter as I researched which foods were better for my body, and learned how to make healthier meals. I felt a sense of accomplishment, too, because even though I wanted to give up dozens of times, I didn’t. I felt my waist got smaller and my arms got stronger, and I no longer felt guilty after having a piece of cake or a drink.

1.What is paragraph 2 mainly about?

A.Some of the author’s bad habits.

B.Some ways of the author’s killing his spare time.

C.The importance of sticking to the normal daily routine.

D.The difficulty of the author’s keeping on with the workout plan.

2.What does the underlined word“sabotage”in paragraph 3 probably mean?

A.prevent B.hear

C.improve D.distinguish

3.What did the author learn from the workout challenge?

A.Eating healthy food is more important than exercising.

B.Overcoming a challenge could bring good feelings to him.

C.It’s more important to see what he likes than just feel it.

D.There was no need to feel guilty about things he disliked to do.


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1.At Myrtle Beach SC, you can do all the following except _____________.

A.Searching for dolphins. B.Enjoying coastal views.

C.Joining oceanic adventures. D.Attending a concert.

2.What is special about Nashville TN?

A.It has double statuses with a nickname.

B.Many legendary performers were born here.

C.It will give you the most unforgettable memories.

D.There are many amazing sports activities here.

3.Where should you go to explore the history of USA?

A.Nashville TN B.San Antonio TX

C.Pigeon Gorge & Gatlinburg TN D.Myrtle Beach SC



In our modern world, when something wears out, we throw it away and buy a new one. The problem is that countries around the world have growing mountains of rubbish because people are throwing out more rubbish than ever before, which, of course, raises the public’s concern of our living environment.

How do the society become a throwaway one? First of all, it is now easier to replace an object than to spend time and money repairing it. Thanks to modern technology, companies are able to produce products quickly and inexpensively. Products are plentiful and cheap, and it’s more convenient to get them delivered nowadays.

Another course is our love of disposable (一次性的) products. As busy people, we are always looking for ways to save time and make our lives easier. Companies produce thousands of different kinds of disposable products: paper plates, plastic cups and cameras, to name a few. It seems that disposable products have become a common part of our life.

Longing for new products also leads to the problem. We are used to buying new things and are always talked into buying something we don’t need. Advertisements persuade us that newer is better and that we will be happier with the latest products. The result is that we throw away useful belongings to make room for new ones. To decrease the amount of rubbish and to protect the environment, more governments are requiring people to recycle materials. However, this is not enough to solve our problem. Maybe there is another way out. We need to repair our belongings instead of throwing them away, we also need to rethink our attitudes towards spending. Repairing our belongings and changing our spending habits may be the best way to reduce the amount of rubbish and take care of our environment.









Dear Richard,



Li Hua


    I come from a broken family and my sister Jeanne and I had lost touch since we were teenagers. By age 19, I had moved to live on my father’s _______ farm in Virginia. Jeanne moved to Chicago. We lived separate lives in different _______ , and our connection somehow _______.

Fast-forward about five years, I was on a trip with my _______ to New york City, a place I had _______ been, which made it so _______ because I would raise horses and ride one to the corner store where everyone knew everyone and everything in the quiet _______ town of Driver, Virginia. One day. when we were crossing a very busy street _______ with people and I had laughed at something my husband said, I _______ heard my name yelled from somewhere ________ me: “Cherry!!” I ________ in my steps. Tears ________ up in my eyes and I knew without a ________ that it was my sister. I yelled back before even turning to ________ “Jeanne?” It was her. “Oh my God!” I screamed, and I began pushing people out of my ________ to get to her. The crowd started to part. so we must have seemed ________.

I later asked ________ she’d known it was me-she never saw me! She said it was my ________. I wouldn’t say my laugh is all that ________, but I guess to a family member it's infectious (感染的). I truly believe God played a huge part in bringing us together and I see it as a lesson, a reminder not to lose ________ with loved ones.

1.A.cow B.horse C.sheep D.wheat

2.A.villages B.countries C.states D.towns

3.A.ended B.started C.bettered D.improved

4.A.sister B.father C.mother D.husband

5.A.once B.never C.ever D.often

6.A.inviting B.boring C.disappointing D.confusing

7.A.beautiful B.big C.little D.peaceful

8.A.equipped B.combined C.covered D.crowded

9.A.suddenly B.immediately C.slowly D.frequently

10.A.before B.behind C.besides D.above

11.A.flew B.shook C.hurried D.froze

12.A.built B.threw C.welled D.tore

13.A.break B.sign C.doubt D.stop

14.A.ask B.look C.guess D.smile

15.A.way B.hand C.sight D.control

16.A.angry B.blind C.happy D.crazy

17.A.why B.how C.when D.whether

18.A.coat B.voice C.laugh D.appearance

19.A.common B.friendly C.enjoyable D.unusual

20.A.touch B.patience C.heart D.control


    Have you always wanted to visit Disney World or Disneyland, but were waiting for different reasons? 1., but its continuously rising ticket prices might make you frustrated.

2.. Throughout much of the 2010s, Disney raised fees at almost double the rate of inflation (通货膨胀), according to the Wall Street Journal. In fact, both U.S. parks have already made price increase in 2020. In February 2020, Disneyland, in California, raised prices on its one-day park tickets about 5 percent.3., because it's the first time Disneyland park tickets have crossed $200.

When Disney World opened, staying at the Bora Bora Bungalows cost $29 per night. Now it can cost as much as $3,400! 4.? Disney isn’t hunting for money, with a net income in 2019 of $10.44 billion. But here are some reasons:

To occupy the market

Since Walt Disney World opened in Orlando in 1971, Disney has expanded faster and faster, with new parks and attractions, pulling ahead of the competition and attracting double the visitors of its closest competitor.


Disney has also increasingly attracted people with more money to spend, with private tours dinners with princesses, and the opening of a five-star hotel. “They know that the money is in the upper class, the top 10 percent, the top 1 percent.” Niles says. “They’ve created a wide variety of new products to try and, honestly, earn more money from the rich people.”

A.To attract wealthier customers

B.How does Disney make money

C.This is a rather large price increase

D.To earn more money from different people

E.So why are the tickets getting so expensive

F.The happiest place on earth isn't far out of reach

G.Disney gets bad fame for raising their ticket prices often


    Memories of people who have done us wrong return repeatedly to us from time to time. Sometimes we remain angry with a person even though we have forgotten why we are angry in the first place. Learning to forgive is important. Here is why.

As humans, it is one of our weaknesses to lose our minds at times and give in to our anger. However, making that anger stay and feeding it with hate will make it a bad thing to others and to yourself. You have to manage your anger and know how to overcome it. If someone has done wrong to you, forgiving is the first step to get rid of your anger.

You may have once done wrong to others too. Now think if you are worth forgiving. You may find that you are actually a good person. So if someone else does wrong to you, focus on the good times you had together and the good things that he or she has done for you. Is the offence enough to erase the good things he or she has done in the past? When your nerves calm down, think back. There must have been something good there to stop you from hating the person.

If things do not work out and you stay angry with the person or the person refuse to apologize, you still have to make an effort to forgive. Why? That is because an angry person is not a pleasant person to be with. One day you will find yourself talking about the offence over and over to people who do not know the person you are talking about. Anger consumes a person and eventually takes over. It makes you look at things in a bad way and no one can stand being with someone like that.

Lastly, make sure that you have forgiven every offence before going to sleep at night. If someone has hurt you, tell them how you feel. And the most important thing you have to say is “You have hurt me, but I choose to forgive you.” This will give you an inner peace and make your life positive in every way.

1.What is the weakness of humans mentioned in paragraph 2?

A.Letting anger take control of us. B.Never trying to forgive others.

C.Doing wrong to people around us. D.Hurting ourselves and those we love.

2.By saying we may have once done wrong to others too, the author wants to _______________.

A.show we are no better than others B.encourage us to be kind to others

C.show it’s normal to hurt each other D.encourage us to find the good things in others

3.What does the underlined word “erase” mean in paragraph 3?

A.Strengthen B.Enrich C.Remove D.Improve

4.According to the author, how can we benefit from forgiving others?

A.We’ll know better about others. B.We’ll become a talkative person.

C.We’ll be forgiven by those hurt by us. D.We’ll avoid becoming a negative person.

5.The passage mainly talks about_______________.

A.why we should forgive B.how we can forgive

C.why we should forget D.how we can control anger


    When you are reading something in English and you see a word or words you do not know what do you do? Do you pause and look up the meanings? Or do you put down the reading and find something different to read?

Neither solution is satisfying. Unless you are reading at a level that is clearly too high for you, avoiding reading may leave you feeling defeated. And pausing to look up every word can slow down your reading. Using context clues works. A context clue is a piece of information that appears near an unknown word or phrase and makes its meaning clearer. Context clues are right there in the text. But sometimes we don’t see them. There are some kinds of context clues that can help you become a better reader.

The first kind is synonyms. As you come across unknown words while reading, look for synonyms. A synonym is a word or phrase that has a similar meaning to the unknown word. Antonyms are words that mean the opposite of a word. One way to identify an antonym is to look for contrast words, such as “but”, “however”, “though”, “although”, “unlike”, “whereas” and “despite”. These words signal that some opposite idea or meaning is coming. Another kind of clue is appositives. An appositive is a noun or noun phrase that comes after another noun, where the second gives the meaning of the first. Examples can also help explain the meaning of a word or idea. In English, the most common ways we introduce examples are with the phrase “for example”, “for instance”, “such as” and “like”.

And now for some closing thoughts. Leaning to use context clues can take time. Don’t pressure yourself to be great at the skill too quickly. Also, it is often not necessary to know the meaning of every word to understand what you are reading. So next time you come across a word you don’t know, ask yourself whether you can understand the sentence without it.

1.When you meet with new words in English reading, what should you do?

A.Use context clues. B.Ask teachers for help.

C.Look them up in the dictionary. D.Stop to read another new book.

2.What may be the result of giving up reading when you come across new words?

A.Becoming a better reader. B.Slowing down your reading.

C.Creating a sense of failure. D.Making the meaning clearer.

3.How many clues are mentioned in paragraph 3?

A.Two. B.Three. C.Four. D.Five.

4.What is the purpose of this passage?

A.To inspire us to learn English. B.To tell us English is easy to learn.

C.To persuade us to buy an English dictionary. D.To introduce a way of English learning.

5.Which of the following shows the development of ideas in the passage?

A. B. C. D.


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