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In 2016, a young British father was tram...

    In 2016, a young British father was trampled(踩踏)to death by an elephant on the island of Koh Samui in ThaiJand. The tragedy once again raised questions over whether it is ethical to use elephants as entertainment.

For many visitors, the chance to interact with elephants is at the top of their holiday wish list. There's no shortage of opportunities to do so, from taking photos of baby elephants to riding them through the jungle, to watching them dance.

But what most visitors don't realize is elephants are involved in extremely cruel methods to make them behave. They are often kept in terrible conditions. This includes being chained up when not performing, without interaction with other elephants, a poor diet, etc. They are also subjected to training practices including beatings. Away from their natural habitat and forced to repeat the same routines day in day out, which continues throughout their dramatically-shortened lives.  

Unfortunately, riding elephants is still one of the most popular tourist activities in Asia. The World Animal Protection investigated 3,000 elephants at tourist sites across Southern Asia in 2017. The study found that 77% of them were living in "severely cruel" conditions. It also found that there had been a 30% rise in the number of elephants at tourism venues in Thailand since 2010.

Many parks advertise themselves as sanctuaries (庇护所)but they aren’t. Real sanctuaries will limit contact with the elephants and visitors can only observe them from a distance most of the time.

The government needs to play a much bigger role in putting an end to elephant tourism. As travelers, please avoid any place offering riding or allowing interacting sessions with elephants. When you see abuse happening, do your bit by leaving your review on review sites and social media to warn other tourists. Many parks are now becoming ride-free as a result of pressure from tourists, the industry and the media.

1.What does the underlined word “ethical” most probably mean?

A.Safe B.Welcome C.Moral D.Available

2.What’s the third paragraph mainly about?

A.The cause of elephant tourism. B.The way of interacting with elephants.

C.The opportunities tourist can get. D.The worse condition elephants are in.

3.How does the writer support the main idea in Paragraph 4?

A.By making different comparisons B.By following the order of time and places.

C.By analyzing cause and effect. D.By giving examples and listing numbers.

4.What can we infer from the last paragraph?

A.The media and internet worked greater.

B.Riding elephants is free with tourists’ efforts.

C.Ending elephant tourism is necessary but hard.

D.Governments and tourists solved the problem together.


1.C 2.D 3.D 4.C 【解析】 本文是议论文。作者由大象踩踏事件引发讨论,揭露大象作为娱乐方式的残忍,呼吁游客行动起来保护大象。 1. 词句猜测题。分析句子可知,it是宾语从句中的形式主语,真正的主语是to use elephants as entertainment.,因此推断,从大象踩踏事故,再次引发人们对于使用大象作为娱乐方式是否是道德这个问题的讨论,下文内容是对此问题的剖析,故划线词词义与C项意思相近。故选C。 2. 主旨大意题。段落第一句But what most visitors don't realize is elephants are involved in extremely cruel methods to make them behave.点明了本段的主旨,大部分游客没有意识到,大象被残忍对待,让它们言听计从。下文内容对此进行了详细阐述。因此推断本段主要阐述了大象糟糕的生存状况。故选D。 3. 推理判断题。根据第四段提到的“investigated 3,000 elephants”“77% of them”“a 30% rise in the number of elephants”可推断,本段使用举例和列数字的方式说明主旨。故选D。 4. 推理判断题。根据最后一段的The government needs to play a much bigger role in putting an end to elephant tourism.( 政府需要在结束大象旅游方面发挥更大的作用)和下文Many parks are now becoming ride-free as a result of pressure from tourists, the industry and the media.( 由于来自游客、行业和媒体的压力,许多公园现在正变得免费)可推断,结束大象旅游时必要的但是困难的。故选C。

    Most of you have heard of the term "big data" by now. When a company records the information of millions of users, it can analyze this "big data" to discover patterns and trends, allowing them to make better business decisions. It sounds like a science experiment, but every single user who gives up their information becomes an unwilling test subject. Companies claim that the data is used to provide "better service".

When shopping on Taobao, for example, you will get product recommendations based on your previous purchases, making it easier to finish a shopping list. However, did you really end up only purchasing items you originally had in mind? Or did you add a few more to the cart as a result of their recommendations?           And the customer? They just become one more point of data in the system.

Of course, you might be fine with spending a little extra from time to time, but that is only a tiny droplet (水滴) in the vast sea of big data. Moreover, companies can actually buy and sell your data. So, that is another way for companies to make quick money. The next time a photo editing application asks for your contacts, location and calendar, you may wonder which company is looking to buy your information.

As technology grows more advanced, there will only be more opportunities for you to be exposed. Every single photo, text or video you post on the internet is there to help someone paint a better picture of you. Perhaps in the near future, someone will have collected enough data to predict the future decisions you will make before you even make them. Actually, given the amount of data that is already at their disposal (任意使用 ), maybe it is already happening.

1.What is the purpose of collecting big data for companies?

A.To cut the cost of running companies B.To assist companies get higher profit

C.To provide better service to customers D.To analyze companies’ economic advantages

2.What of the following is the missing sentence in Paragraph3

A.Big date benefits the customers. B.That’s where the business wins.

C.Taobao dominates the shopping markets. D.Product recommendations make shopping easier.

3.What is the best title for the text?

A.More Data, Less Privacy B.Big Data, Better life

C.More Data, Less Trouble D.Big Data, Future Predictor



Lock and Key: The Gadwall Incident      Author: Ridley Pearson

Narrator: Nicola Barber                          Length: 1 Hour 54 Minutes

The New York Times bestselling author of the Peter and the Starcatcher and Kingdom keepers series, Pearson, brings us the Lock and Key series. Listeners will come to know the dangers that surround the Moriartys before James and Moria are sent off to Baskerville Academy, where they first meet Sherlock Holmes. It's a tale full of false starts and daring getaways, one that will leave listeners desperate to know what's next in the children’s classic.

Anne of Green Gables             Author: Lucy Maud Montgomery

Narrator: Various Readers               Length: 10 Hours 32 Minutes

The highest standards in editing and production have been applied to the Wordsworth Children's Classics, Anne of Green Gables which tells the story of a redheaded orphan girl. Despite her "tragical" past, Anne is always able to see the best in things. Anne’s life changes considerably when she is accidentally adopted by the Cuthberts. They plan to send Anne back to the orphanage but before they decide, she has begun to work her way into their hearts.

The Jungle Book                     Author: Rudyard Kipling             

Narrator: Meredith Hughes             Length: 5 Hours 2 Minutes

This classic children's book tells the story of Mowgli, a young boy raised by wolves: his adventures with his dear friends Bagheera and the bear Baloo; his capture by the Monkey-People; his attempt at rejoining civilization and his ultimate triumph over the lame tiger. Listeners will learn more about the story of how an innocent child wins the heart of some of the jungle s fiercest creatures.

1.What do the three books have in common?

A.Talking children's classics. B.Best-selling horror stories.

C.Stories of the same topic. D.Miserable stories of orphans.

2.Which of the following best describes Anne?

A.Tolerant and lonely. B.Generous and traditional.

C.Optimistic and smart. D.Humorous and determined.

3.What kind of book is The Jungle Book?

A.A fairy tale. B.A news report.

C.A biography. D.An adventure story




1.What did the speaker enjoy as a young child?

A.Running. B.Climbing. C.Swimming.

2.What was the speaker doing when he injured himself?

A.The long jump. B.A handstand. C.A forward roll.

3.For how many weeks did the speaker have to give up exercising?

A.Four. B.Eight. C.Twelve.

4.What was the change for the speaker after the incident?

A.He developed a new hobby.

B.He began to read love stories.

C.He enjoyed physical challenges even more.




1.What does the woman say about dogs in general?

A.They are messy.

B.They are annoying.

C.They are hard to take care of.

2.Why doesn’t the woman agree to have Lion?

A.It is unhealthy.

B.It is too large.

C.It is very noisy.

3.Where will the speakers probably get the dog?

A.From a pet store.

B.From a rescue shelter.

C.From a friend’s house.

4.What does the woman ask the boy to show her first in the end?

A.That he can clean up after the dog.

B.That he can take the dog for walks.

C.That he can be responsible for the chores around house




1.How many kinds of items does the man have in his basket?

A.Two. B.Three. C.Four.

2.What is the relationship between the speakers?

A.Brother and sister.

B.Husband and wife.

C.Grandmother and grandson.

3.What does the woman like to do when she has a headache?

A.Eat some bacon.

B.Drink some alcohol.

C.Have a bar of chocolate.



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