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1. 难度:简单

Unforgettable Things to Do in Tanzania

Climb Mount Kilimanjaro

Climbing Mount Kilimanjaro is among the most adventurous things to do in Tanzania. It’s a big tourist attraction with around 35,000 visitors attempting the hike each year. However, it’s not overcrowded. And it’s still an adventure to be especially proud of because not everyone makes it all the way. You won’t need any special climbing equipment. Just bring proper clothing, food, water, and an adventurous attitude.

Get a Taste of Local Urban Life in Arusha

In Arusha, you can experience what city life is like in the country. The city sits at the foothills of Mount Meru, surrounded by large fields of corn, beans, coffee, and wheat. You can buy cheap, fresh local produce in markets throughout the town. The cultural center hosts African art and culture exhibits. It’s good place to purchase a souvenir or two.

Visit Some Prehistoric (史前的) Sites

The great rift (裂缝) valley runs all the way from Lebanon to Mozambique. This rift is where human life is believed to have begun. At Isimila Gorge, you can look at stone age tools from almost 100,000 years ago. There’s also a collection of fossils of extinct animals. This find, dating back3 million years, helps us to learn how humans evolved (进化) in Africa.

Watch Beautiful Birds by Lake Manyara

Lake Manyara is not only a beautiful piece of nature. It’s also home to about 300 species of migratory birds. You can find various eagles, storks, and kingfishers. But what makes this lake most famous is the pink flamingo (火烈鸟) population. You can find thousands of flamingos here. It’s a big attraction for bird watchers and photographers.

1.What makes you especially proud when climbing Mount Kilimanjaro?

A.Meeting a crowd of tourists. B.Climbing all the way to the top.

C.Getting climbing equipment. D.Seeing different amazing views.

2.Where should you go if you are interested in human history?

A.Arusha. B.Manyara. C.Mount Meru. D.Isimila Gorge.

3.What is Lake Manyara best-known for?

A.Beautiful scenery. B.Varieties of birds.

C.The pink flamingo population. D.Bird watchers from all directions.


2. 难度:中等

    How do you make a restaurant business an overnight success at the age of 52? Ray Kroc said, “I was an overnight success, but 30 years is a long, long night.

In 1917, 15-year-old Ray Kroc lied about his age to join the Red Cross as an ambulance driver in World War Ⅰ, but the war ended before he completed his training. He then worked as a piano player, and a paper cup salesman. In 1954, he visited restaurant in San Bernardino, California. There he found the small but successful restaurant run by brothers Dick and Mac McDonald, and was surprised by their effective (有效的) operation. The McDonald’s brothers produced a limited menu, concentrating on just few items—burgers, fries and drinks—which allowed them to focus on quality and quick service.

They were looking for new franchising agent (特许经销商) and Kroc saw chance. In 1955, he founded McDonald’s System, Inc. By 1958, MeDonald’s had sold its 100 millionth hamburger.

In 1961, Kroc started a training program later called Hamburger University, at a new McDonald’s restaurant in Elk Grove Village, Illinois. There, franchisees (特许证持有人) were trained on the proper methods for running successful McDonald’s’ restaurant. Hamburger University used a research and development laboratory to develop new cooking, freezing, storing and serving methods. Today, more than 275,000 franchisees, managers, and employees have graduated from the program.

Right up until he died on January 14, 1984, Ray Kroc never stopped working for McDonald’s. His legacy provides McDonald’s customers with great tasty, inexpensive food; staff and franchisees with chances for growth; and suppliers with a shared promise to provide the highest quality food.

1.What does Ray Kroc mean by the underlined sentence?

A.He waited 30 years to be a franchisee.

B.He experienced a lot before he succeeded.

C.It took long preparation to open the restaurant.

D.He felt happy for the past 30 years.

2.Why was the operation of Dick and Mac McDonald effective?

A.They focused on a limited menu.

B.They considered quality important.

C.Their restaurant was run by two people.

D.Their restaurant had well-trained employees.

3.When did Kroc start a training program?

A.In 1955. B.In 1956. C.In 1961. D.In1984.

4.What is the best title for the text?

A.The Story of Ray Kroc B.McDonald’s’Restaurant

C.Tricks of Running a Business D.New Franchising Agents


3. 难度:中等

    László Bíró, a Hungarian, was the father of one of the 20th century’s most successful inventions—ballpoint pen. He worked in medicine, oil industry, motor racing and painting. It was when he was a newspaper editor that he became disappointed by the nibs (metal points) of pens which leaked ink and tore paper. One day, he was in a Budapest printing shop and saw an ink that dried as soon as it touched paper. “It got me thinking how this process could be simplified right down to the level of an ordinary pen,” he recalled later.

The quick-drying ink used in printing was too thick to flow from a fountain pen, so Bíró’s brother, George, who is an expert in chemistry, came up with a new design. After several years of experiments, Biro replaced the pen’s metal writing nib with the new design bearing a tiny ball in its tip with the help of his brother. As the pen moved along the paper, the ball rolled, picking up ink from the ink container and putting it smoothly on the paper.

Bíró sold his patent (专利) to Baron Marcel Bich of France for 2 million dollars. In 1950 Bich produced his own cheap, disposable (一次性的) ballpoint pen. It was sold throughout the market and in 1965 the French government allowed it to be used in schools, with other countries following suit, such as Argentina. Before long, the ballpoint was becoming an increasingly popular piece of stationery (文具). Today, around 15 million ballpoint pens are sold worldwide every day. People will always remember Biro for his invention. Today in many English-speaking countries, people still use the word “biro” to refer to any kind of ballpoint pen Millions of people use it all over the world every day.

Bíró used to hear people say the ballpoint was ruining writing skills. He would smile and say, “Well, writing comes from the heart. If we can help the hand to perform the task, what is so wrong with that?”

1.When did Biro decide to invent a new pen?

A.When he worked in the oil industry. B.When he saw the quick-drying ink.

C.When he began to use fountain pens. D.When he was buying a printing machine.

2.What did George help Biro do?

A.Design the ballpoint pen. B.Invent a pen-friendly kind of paper.

C.Manage to make printing ink thicker. D.Produce the pen’s metal writing nib.

3.Where were ballpoint pens first put on the market?

A.In Hungary. B.In England. C.In France. D.In Argentina.

4.What can we learn from the text?

A.We should put our heart into writing. B.The tip of the ballpoint pen ruins paper.

C.Biro regretted inventing the ballpoint pen. D.The ballpoint pen was welcome at the market.


4. 难度:中等

    As wildfires continued to sweep across Australia, the loss of life in the area was reaching astonishing numbers. Ecologists (生态学家) at the University of Sydney said that nearly half a billion animals and plants had been wiped out since the fires began several months before. Images and videos from the area showed kangaroos trying to escape from burning forests and charred (烧焦的) bodies of koalas lying on the ground.

Koalas, which had been already under threat because of significant habitat loss, were hit particularly hard compared with other animals. Ecologists said nearly 8,000 koalas—about one-third of the population in their primary habitat-were believed to have died from the big fires. Professor Dieter Hochuli from the University of Sydney said it wasn’t just the well- known species, such as kangaroos, koalas and emus(鸸鹋), that were in danger. Insects also suffered losses. Additionally, many rare plant species might have disappeared completely.

While animal hospitals were taking in as many animals as possible to treat burns and nursed them back to health, services had overall struggled to keep up with the amount of care needed. And the animals that had survived would have trouble finding food and shelters among the ongoing flames, so they were still in a dangerous situation.

“We’re getting a lot of lessons out of this and it’s just showing how unprepared we are,” Dr. Sussan Ley said. “Now Australia is burning and national parks and our native animals are being destroyed. People have lost homes. People have died. Firefighters have been killed defending communities, most recently last night. There’s no protocols (拟定草案) in place even wildlife carers dont’ have protocols for when they can go in after fire. It’s our national government that is failing us.”

1.What’s the purpose of the second paragraph?

A.To explain why there were so many rare animals in Australia.

B.To show the terrible effect Australian wildfires had on species.

C.To further confirm Professor Dieter Hochuli’s’unique opinion.

D.To warn people to take good care of wild animals and plants.

2.Why were the animals still in danger after surviving the fire?

A.They failed to recover from serious burns.

B.They might be hunted by people for food.

C.They were short of food and shelters.

D.They were unable to get nursing services.

3.What is Dr.Sussan Ley’s attitude towards the national government’s deed?

A.Supportive. B.Unconcerned. C.Doubtful. D.Dissatisfied.

4.What is the main idea of the text?

A.Many rare animal species might have disappeared.

B.Measures should be taken to prevent Australian wildfires.

C.Australian wildfires killed nearly half a billion animals and plants.

D.Ecologists have made great efforts to find the causes of wildfires.


5. 难度:中等

How to Tell Your Parents About a Bad Test Grade

If you’ve gotten a bad grade on a test, your parents may not be too pleased about it. 1. Here are some tips for you to follow.

Talk to your teacher.

2. Ask your teacher where you have gone wrong with the examination paper and if there is any way to improve your score He can help you decide what to do and guide you on the right path for the future.

Practice what you will say.

If you’re worried about how to tell your parents about your grade, take time to practice first. 3. Either way, having some idea of what you will say and how you will say it ahead of time can be very helpful in the moment.


It will look like you’re being dishonest or trying to cover up your grade if you wait two weeks to tell them about your grade. Try to get it out of the way within a few days of getting the news. Getting it off your mind will make you feel better, too.

Pick good moment.

If you approach them when they’re already stressed or angry, they’ll be less likely to react well. 5. Such as during or immediately following dinner or when you’re out on a dog walk or have just parked the car.

A.Tell your parents sooner rather than later.

B.You can talk to a toy animal or yourself in front of a mirror.

C.Don’t get too worked up before showing your parents the grade.

D.You’d better spend a little time preparing yourself to break the news.

E.The sooner you tell them,the more likely they are to be able to help.

F.Before you tell your parents,it might be helpful to meet with your teacher.

G.Try a calm,family time when your parents aren’t disturbed by other concerns.


6. 难度:困难

    A beloved janitor (管理员) received special surprise, when teachers and students made him “King for Day” at the retirement (退休) party.

John Lockett, also called Mr. John, cried tears of ________ when the gentle old man was greeted by 685 ________ at Sand Hill Elementary School in Carrollton, Georgia. “He was so surprised that he just ________ with the kids,” headmaster Carla Meigs told Good Morning American. Finally, she said, “The scene was so ________. He is very modest, hard-working, and devoted to his job, so everyone loves him.”

Mr. John officially was to retire on May 24, but the school threw him a retirement party one week ________. Mr. John’s wife, Annie Lockett, who was also a person of good quality, was also ________ at this event.

On that day, when Mr. John ________ for work as usual, he found the passage of the hall lined with students of that very school ________ there to wish him a very happy day! The children ________ him a crown and a cape and told him that it was “Mr. John Day”. Many kids were ________ banners (横幅) and shouting “Mr. John Day! Mr. John Day!”, while many others walked up to him to give him a hug! Mr. John was truly ________ by the surprise. “They are all like my children, I ________ the kids,” Mr. John told Good Morning American. “It was the perfect day to ________ my retirement and make it about me.” “The school ________ so much to me, really love my job; it is for students,” he wrote in an email. The 83-year-old man had been janitor for more than a decade ________ having a career in building.

1.A.fear B.regret C.joy D.hope

2.A.kids B.farmers C.teachers D.workers

3.A.smiled B.chatted C.helped D.cried

4.A.strange B.violent C.sweet D.puzzling

5.A.later B.early C.ago D.off

6.A.surprised B.terrified C.upset D.inspired

7.A.dressed up B.made up C.showed up D.cheered up

8.A.lying B.waiting C.wandering D.hiding

9.A.threw B.sold C.lent D.gave

10.A.placing B.holding C.seeking D.making

11.A.convinced B.bothered C.touched D.tricked

12.A.interest B.comfort C.disappoint D.love

13.A.observe B.understand C.announce D.forget

14.A.tells B.means C.leaves D.shows

15.A.while B.after C.unless D.until


7. 难度:中等





8. 难度:困难


Once there were three trees in the woods on a hill. They were discussing their hopes and dreams when the first tree said, “Someday hope to be a treasure chest (珍宝箱). I could be filled with gold, silver and valuable items. I could be decorated with beautiful designs and everyone would see the beauty.”

Then the second tree said. “Someday I will be a big and strong ship. I will take kings and queens across the waters and sail to the corners of the world. Everyone will feel safe in me because of the strength of my body.”

Finally, the third tree said, “I want to grow to be the tallest and straightest tree in the forest. People will come to see me on the top of the hill and look up to my branches and think of the sky and how close to it I am reaching. I will be the greatest tree of all time and people will always remember me.”

After few years of praying (祈祷) that their dreams would come true, the trees were visited by a group of woodsmen. When one came to the first tree, he said, “This tree looks like a strong one. I think I should be able to sell the wood to a carpenter. And he began cutting it down. The tree was very happy, because he knew that the carpenter would make him into a treasure chest.

At the second tree, a woodsman said, “This looks like a strong tree and I should be able to sell it to the ship factory.” The second tree was also very happy because he knew he was on his way to becoming huge and strong ship.

When woodsmen came upon the third tree, the tree was frightened because he knew that if they cut him down, his dream would not come true. One of the woodsmen said, “I don’t need anything special from my tree. I’ll take this one.” And he cut it down.


Paragraph 1:

However, the three trees were made into different things against their wishes.



Paragraph 2:

Years later, something unexpected happened which helped them realize their value.



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