1.Tom is very nice, but he does like to d________ (控制) the conversation.

2.Jack is an intelligent pupil, but he lacks m__________ (主动性).

3.We cannot guarantee the p__________ (准时的) arrival of trains in foggy weather.

4.C___________ (好强的) people want to be the best at everything.

5.The boys d___________ (不顾一切地) wanted to leave the workhouse.

6.Symptoms are a slight fever, headache and loss of a_____________ (食欲).

7.Herbs(草药) have been used for centuries to make r__________(提神的)drinks.

8.She was a____________ (显然) a very nervous woman, and that affected her career.

9.Only a m________(少数) of the people supported the Revolution.

10.A proper amount of exercise c____________ (有益) to good health











Dear Peter,







Best wishes to you!


Li Hua









Dear Editor,

I used to be a physician in the children’s department of a hospital. From time to time I treated children who had poisoned by medicine with older family members. The children didn’t know the medicine was danger; they just knew it tasted sweet. Children easily open the bottle what we now use in China.

Some days before I talked about medicines with an American. He showed me a sort of plastic bottle. The design was quite simple and I’m sure our Chinese factories could produce these bottles. The top of the bottle can be opened by pressing down on them while turning, which is difficult for most young children to do so, though grown-up can open these bottles very easily.

I’m certainly that the expense of making such tops would be very small. As a doctor, I’d love to see this doing. And most parents would be grateful.

Sincerely yours

Li Hua



When young F.W. Woolworth was a store clerk, he tried to convince his boss to have a ten-cent sale to reduce inventory(存货). The boss agreed, and the idea was1.      great success. This inspired Woolworth 2.      (open) his own store and price the items at a nickel and a dime (角). He needed capital for such a venture,3.       he asked his boss to supply the capital for part interest in the store. His boss turned him 4.        directly.“The idea is too risky,” he told Woolworth.“5.      are not enough items to sell for five and ten cents.”

Woolworth went ahead 6.      his boss' support. But he not only was7.    _   (success) in his first store, but8.     (eventual) owned a chain of F.W. Woolworth stores across the nation. Later, his former boss 9.      (hear) to remark,“As far as I can figure out, every word I used to turn Woolworth down 10.      (cost) me about a million dollars.”




If you ever have a chance to go to Finland, you’ll probably be surprised to find how “foolish” the Finnish people are.

Take the taxi drivers for example.You can go _________ on a journey, tell the driver to   _________ you at any place, say that you have some business to   _________ , and that you will pay the taxi driver later. He will agree without any _________  but just accept your words in good   _________ .

The dining rooms in all big hotels not only serve their   _________  , but also provide food for outside _________ .Hotel guests have their meals free, so they _________ go to the free dining rooms to have their meals, and the _________ they would do to show their good faith is to wave their registration card to the waiter.With such _________ check, you can easily use any old registration card to take a couple of friends to wine and dine free of   _________  .

Finnish workers are paid by the hour.If you work in Finland and have    _________ the boss on the hourly rate, then you just say how many hours you have worked and you’ll be paid_________   .

With so many loop holes in everyday life, surely Finland must be a good country to those who _________  to take “petty advantages”.But the_________ thing is, all the taxi passengers always come back to pay their _________  after they have attended to their business; not a _________  outsider has ever been found in the free hotel dining rooms; workers always give the exact hours they have _________.As the Finns always act on good faith and always have a (an)   _________ of “right is right” and “wrong is wrong” in everything they do, so to live in such a society has turned everyone into a real “gentleman”.

What we regarded as “foolish” is _________  the Finnish people’s way of life.

1.A. somewhere     B. anywhere   C. sometime     D. anytime

2.A. stop        B. pass         C. drop         D. pick

3.A. attend to     B. take care    C. take up     D. appeal to

4.A. guarantee     B. anxiety    C. passenger    D. money

5.A. smile          B. place       C. seat         D. faith

6.A. meals          B. visitors     C. guests     D. cards

7.A. waiters        B. diners      C. drivers    D. workers

8.A. naturally     B. respectively C. secretly    D. contently

9.A. best           B. worst       C. most        D. least

10.A. strict       B. complete     C. troublesome  D. loose

11.A. registration B. care        C. charge       D. noise

12.A. paid for      B. debated with C. talked about D. agreed with

13.A. accordingly  B. reluctantly  C. separately   D. automatically

14.A. hesitate    B. hate        C. love         D. refuse

15.A. strange      B. confusing   C. complex      D. imaginative

16.A. business     B. trip         C. fine         D. fare

17.A. single        B. faithful    C. familiar    D. usual

18.A. worked on     B. put in     C. spent on    D. run out

19.A. religion     B. law          C. idiom        D. attitude

20.A. eventually    B. accidentally C. actually   D. temporarily




Choosing the right job is probably one of the most important decisions we have to make in life, and it is frequently one of the hardest decisions we have to make. One important question that you might ask yourself is: “How do I get a good job?”   1.  There are people who can answer an insignificant advertisement in the local paper and land the best job in the world; others write to all sorts of places all over the country, and never seem to get a reply at all. Still others believe that the in person, door-to-door approach is by far the best way to get a job; and then there are those who, through no active decision of their own, just seem to be in the right place at the right time.   2. He used to spend a lot of his free time down by the sea watching the tall ships, but never thinking that he might one day sail one of them. His father was a farmer, and being a sailor could never be anything for the boy but an idle dream. One day, on his usual wandering, he heard the captain of the ship complaining that he could not sail because one member of his crew was sick. Without stopping to think, the lad(少年) offered to take his place.   3.    .

4. If the lad had gone home to ponder(考虑)his decision for a week, he may have missed his chance. It is one thing to be offered an opportunity; it is another to take it and use it well. Sometimes we hear stories about people who break all the rules and still seem to land plum jobs(美差). When you go for a job interview or fill out an application, you are expected to say nice things about the company to which you are applying.   5.  And within a year this person had become general manger of the company.

A.This story also illustrates the importance of seizing an opportunity when it presents itself.

B.People find jobs in an infinite number of ways.

C.It’s almost impossible to find a good job by answering advertisement in newspapers.

D.Take for example the young man who wanted to be a sailor.

E.But there was one person who landed an excellent job by telling the interviewer all the company’s faults.

F.He spent the rest of his life happily sailing the ships he had always loved.

G.It is very important to seize an opportunity when it presents itself.


Picture the scene: You come home after work feeling too exhausted to cook –only to find a delicious meal worthy of a Michelin-starred restaurant waiting for you. It sounds like a fantasy, but it could be about to come true thanks to a robot chef developed by British scientists.

Those scientists have come up with a set of robotic arms so smart that they are capable of cooking meals all by themselves. The device will be sold from as early as 2017 as part of a purpose-built high-tech kitchen.

Scientists at Moley Robotics spent almost 18 years developing the hands. According to its creators, the arms can chop, stir, whisk and baste well enough to recreate almost anything you would care to eat, whether it is a simple home-cooked supper, or a complicated creation designed by a world-class chef. The hands move a little slowly, hovering strangely above the work surface whenever they are not busy, but they imitate human movements closely enough that they can do things such as wiping a spoon on the edge of a pan to prevent drips.

Mr Oleynik, who is leading the project, said, “All the things which are possible with the hand are possible here. There is no limitation. A lot of people want to go to Michelin-starred restaurants, but they are quite expensive and may be quite far from the home. This is an opportunity for people to enjoy very good food, and for a reasonable price.

The only cuisine that is off the robot’s menu at the moment is sushi, which requires extremely steady pressure and nimble(敏捷的;敏感的) fingers to make, but the team plan to conquer that as well by the time it goes on sale.

1.People go to Michelin-starred restaurants in order to_________.

A. appreciate car tires               B. enjoy delicious meals

C. see the new robot chefs            D. escape from work

2.What does the underlined word “they” in Paragraph 2 refer to?

A. British scientists          B. The robot chef’s arms

C. Cooks at restaurants        D. Household wives

3.Which kind of food CAN’T the robot chef cook at present?

A. Bread    B. Beef            C. Sushi         D. Sandwich

4.What can we infer from the passage?

A. Hands of a robot chef can perform exactly like a cook.

B. Robot chefs are available at shopping malls.

C. Michelin-starred restaurants are suitable for many people.

D. It is uncertain when the robot can cook all kinds of food.


Are we getting more stupid? According to Gerald Crabtree, a scientist at Stanford University in the US, we are.  You may not want to hear this, but Crabtree believes that human intelligence reached its peak more than 2,000 years ago and ever since then has been going downhill. “If an average Greek from 1,000 BC were transported to modern times, he or she would be one of the brightest among us,” Crabtree told The Guardian.

At the heart of Crabtree’s thinking is a simple idea. In the past, intelligence was critical for survival when our ancestors had to avoid dangerous animals and hunt for food. The difference of being smart or stupid is often life or death. However, after the spread of agriculture, when our ancestors began to live in dense ( 稠密的)farming communities, the need to keep their intelligence in peak condition gradually reduced. This is not hard to understand. Most of the time,pressure is what keeps us going you need the pressure from your teachers to finish your homework; the pressure of looking pretty prompts(促使) you to lose weight when summer comes. And the same is also true of our intelligence if we think less, we become less smart.

These mutations(变) are harmful to our intelligence and they were all developed in the past 3,000 years. The other evidence that Crabtree holds is in our genes. He found that among the 2,000 to 5,000 genes that we have that determine human intelligence , there are two or more mutations in each of us. However, Crabtree’s theory has been criticized by some who say that early humans may have better hunting and surviving abilities, but people today have developed a more diverse intelligence. For example, spearing a tiger doesn’t necessarily require more brainpower than playing chess or writing a poem. Moreover, the power of modern education means a lot more people have the opportunity to learn nowadays. “You wouldn’t get Stephen Hawking 2,000 years ago. He just wouldn’t exist,” Thomas Hills of the University of Warwick, UK, told Live Science. “But now we have people of his intellectual capacity doing things and making insights(洞察力) that we would never have achieved in our environment of evolutionary adaptation.”

1.What is Crabtree’s recent finding according to the article?

A. The Greeks from 1,000 BC could have been the smartest in human history.

B. Our ancient ancestors had no better surviving abilities than we do nowadays.

C. Humans have been getting steadily more intelligent since the invention of farming.

D. Mutations in genes that decide human intelligence have affected the development of intelligence.

2.According to Crabtree, ancient humans _______.

A. had many more genes that determine human intelligence

B. were forced to be smart due to natural selection pressures

C. relied more on group intelligence than individual intelligence

D. developed a diverse intelligence to adapt to the hard realities

3.Some argue that Crabtree’s theory is false because they think _______.

A. people today are under much more pressure than early humans

B. it’s ridiculous to compare a hunter’s and a poet’s intelligence

C. modern education is far more advanced than ancient education

D. human intelligence nowadays is different from that of the distant past

4.What is Thomas Hills’ attitude toward Crabtree’s theory?

A. Supportive        B. Unfavorable

C. Worried          D. Confused


I was never very neat, while my roommate Kate was extremely organized. Each of her objects had its place, but mine always hid somewhere. She even labeled (贴标签 ) everything. I always looked for everything. Over time, Kate got nearer and I got messier. She would push my dirty clothing over, and I would lay my books on her tidy desk. We both got tired of each other.

War broke out one evening. Kate came into the room. Soon, I heard her screaming, "Take your shoes away! Why under my bed!" Deafened, I saw my shoes flying at me. I jumped to my feet and started yelling. She yelled back louder.

The room was filled with anger. We could not have stayed together for a single minute but for a phone call. Kate answered it. From her end of the conversation, I could tell right away her grandma was seriously ill. When she hung up, she quickly crawled (爬) under her covers, sobbing.

Obviously, that was something she should not go through alone. All of a sudden, a warm feeling of sympathy rose up in my heart. Slowly, I collected the pencils, took back the books, made my bed, cleaned the socks and swept the floor, even on her side. I got so into my work that I even didn't notice Kate had sat up. She was watching, her tears dried and her expression one of disbelief. Then, she reached out her hands to grasp mine. I looked up into her eyes. She smiled at me. "Thanks."

Kate and I stayed roommates for the rest of the year. We didn't always agree, but we learned the key to living together: giving in cleaning up and holding on.

1.What made Kate angry one evening?

A. She couldn't find her books.

B. She heard the author shouting loud.

C. She got the news that her grandma was ill.

D. She saw the author's shoes beneath her bed.

2.The author tidied up the room most probably because_______.

A. she was scared by Kate's anger

B. she hated herself for being so messy

C. she wanted to show her care

D. she was asked by Kate to do so

3.How is Paragraph I mainly developed?

A. By analyzing causes.

B. By showing differences.

C. By describing a process.

D. By following time order.

4.What might be the best title for the story?

A. My Friend Kate

B. Hard Work Pays Off

C. How to Be Organized

D. Learning to Be Roommates


YOUR mom might cook a bowl of noodles for you on your birthday. But in the US, a mom makes a cupcake for her children on their birthday.

Cupcakes are small, round cakes topped with frosting (糖霜). It has been an American tradition that moms bring cupcakes to the classroom to celebrate their child’s birthday. But recently some doctors have called for this to be banned. They believe cupcakes contribute to child obesity. Despite their good intentions, however, some people believe that experts are interfering (妨碍) with American culture. The cupcake is seen as American as apple pie only prettier.

According to Marion Nestle, a professor of nutrition at New York University, the cupcake is the most democratic (民主的) of desserts. As they are small enough for one person, you don’t have to share your cupcake with anyone it’s all yours. They are also all of the same size, so there can’t be any cries of  “she got the bigger piece!”

Each bite can taste different depending on how much icing you have. It is a lesson in self-determination. Some people eat only a little of the frosting every time, others have it all in just one bite.

In recent years, eating a cupcake has become as trendy as having a cup of Starbucks coffee.

Democratic presidential candidate Hillary Clinton jokingly promised on a talk show that if she was elected president, she would give everyone a cupcake on her birthday. Ruth Reichl, editor-in-chief of Gourmet magazine, explains that the rise of the cupcake is very much about going back to American national identity in food, which is all about comfort. “People want to think about when they and their country were innocent,” she said.

1.According to the passage, it has been an American tradition that ___________.

A. a party is held for children on their birthday

B. A mom cooks a bowl of noodles for her children on their birthday

C. A mom makes a cupcake for her children on their birthday and brings it to the classroom

D. parents go travelling with their children on their birthday

2.Which of the following is Not true according to Marion Nestle?

A. The cupcake is more democratic than any other deserts in the US.

B. The cupcake is too small to share with others.

C. The sizes of cupcakes are the same so it’s equal to everyone.

D. Cupcakes will lead to child obesity so they should be banned.

3.Why did the writer mention Hillary Clinton and Ruth Reichl?

A. To arouse the readers’ attention.

B. To show that cupcakes are becoming a popular to show kindness and comfort.

C. To make a comparison between them.

D. To give readers a general idea of cupcakes.










参考词汇:助教 teaching assistant

Dear Sir/Madam,

I’m glad to see your advertisement on the Internet. ______________________________







Yours sincerely,

Li Hua



假定英语课上老师要求同桌之间交换修改作文, 请你修改你同桌写的以下作文。文中共有10处语言错误, 每句中最多有两处。错误涉及一个单词的增加、删除或修改。

增加:在缺词处加一个漏词符号(∧), 并在其下面写出该加的词。

删除:把多余的词用斜线( \ )划掉。

修改:在错的词下划一横线(__), 并在该词下面写出修改后的词。

注意:1. 每处错误及修改均仅限一词;2. 只允许修改10处, 多者(从第11处起)不计分。

Dear Angela,

I’m glad to hear the news you’ll come to Hangzhou for a visit. You know, Hangzhou is a beautiful city on the east coast of China. It is said that Marco Polo, a well-known Italy traveler once visited Hangzhou, and was striking by its beautiful scenery. Hangzhou is one of the oldest cities for a long history. It was the capital of several dynasty. As the result, it has a lot of famous temples and old towers. The West Lake, with green hills on three sides or many beautiful parks around, attracts a large number of visitors at home and at abroad. I think you’ll have a good time during our stay in Hangzhou. I’m looking forward to see you here soon.


Li Hua




I was traveling in a small place in New York. That place had no taxi for a short   1. (distant). One had to take a rickshaw(人力车).

I called out for an old man in the   2. (wait) line. Before I got on the rickshaw, I 3.  (automatic) asked how much he would charge to take me across to the Mall. I 4.  (tell) “10 dollars”. Then I started bargaining. He just gave a hard smile and said,   5.  you feel like, please give me. It is not necessary to bargain on this small amount.”

I was a bit ashamed at myself and kept quiet while he continued,   6. (like) those taxis, my vehicle does not run on petrol or diesel(柴油) or even gas; it runs on my sweat. So please give it to me with a smile, for the money has to feed so many 7.  (hunger) mouths at home.”

When we reached the Mall, I gave him the money and the smile   8. requested and added   9.  gentle pat on his back. He smiled back as if   10.  (give) me a receipt and I would preserve his smile for a long time.



This past Christmas was one of the best I have ever had. This was made possible by my sister, Amy. She is eight years older and has already made it into “real world”.

My sister bought me three wonderful gifts,   _________ only one would capture my heart forever. First she handed me the _________. Because Amy is careful with her actions, I knew this was her   _________ favourite. It was a bottle of perfume. I was happy with it, yet _________ as to what lay ahead. Next she handed me a box. After _________  away the wrapping paper, I found a stylish and expensive sweater. I was deeply moved that my sister was so _________  . Then she handed me the _________ gift. Judging by the familiar size and _________, I knew it was a CD. It was the soundtrack to the movie “Rocky”, with songs inspiring to all athletes, dreamers… I _________  loved it, but not as much as I would after what my sister explained to me.

She was _________ to a knee injury that _________  me half of my soccer season. I desired to be with my team-mates and _________  each minute I sat on the bench. I tried hard, hoping my knee injury would heal soon. This was what led my sister to buy that CD.

After mentioning what was behind the _________  , Amy played the CD for me. Even though I had heard those songs a thousand times, each note struck me as if it was   _________ . It played in my soul and on my emotions. I _________  breathlessly, as the words “Trying hard now. It’s so hard now” sounded through the room. It _________  me in a way beyond the happiness most gifts could bring. I couldn’t _________ crying and hugged my sister. Knowing that my sister had   _________ my problem so deeply made me realize that I am the _________ little sister in the world. I had never received a gift with so much _________ behind it! I’ll cherish it forever.

1.A. and           B. but          C. which       D. for

2.A. smallest       B. prettiest    C. dearest     D. largest

3.A. most           B. less        C. least       D. more

4.A. anxious      B. excited      C. delighted  D. curious

5.A. putting      B. tearing     C. carrying   D. giving

6.A. helpful      B. fashionable  C. rich       D. generous

7.A. rest           B. last       C. other      D. favourite

8.A. color         B. style        C. pattern     D. shape

9.A. immediately   B. quickly     C. suddenly   D. secretly

10.A. explaining   B. replying   C. referring   D. talking

11.A. paid         B. stopped     C. took       D. cost

12.A. enjoyed     B. valued      C. suffered  D. spent

13.A. gift         B. story       C. sweater     D. Christmas

14.A. alive       B. new         C. strange     D. familiar

15.A. listened     B. danced       C. laughed     D. remembered

16.A. harmed       B. helped      C. broke       D. touched

17.A. burst        B. hold        C. help        D. prevent

18.A. found         B. got          C. felt      D. solved

19.A. luckiest      B. cleverest    C. bravest     D. best

20.A. hardship      B. thought      C. money       D. experience



Real-life Room Escape Games

Real-life room escape games are a type of physical adventure game in which people are locked in a room with other participants and have to use the things in the room to settle a series of puzzles, find clues, and escape the room within a set time limit.

The games are based off Escape the Room video games, such as Crimson Room and QP-Shot, created by TAKAGISM Inc. by Toshimitsu Takagi in 2005, in which the player is locked inside a room and must explore his or her surroundings in order to escape.   1. Other inspirations include adventure board games and movies. Real-life room escape games are becoming popular in the United States, Japan, and China. 2. For example, some games require you escape prison cells while others require you escape space stations.

3. Soon, they were exported to North America, Asia and Australia. Examples include the two pioneer companies Hint Hunt and Adventure Rooms.

The games were so successful that new locations began opening up across China, in cities big and small, according to Want China Times. In the southern city of Shenzhen, for example, the first escape game location opened last August.   4. “These real-life escape games can help those who stay at home on their computers and iPads all day to experience real social circles,” Tian Xiaochuan, who owns two room escape game stores in Jinan, told Want China Times.

Earlier this year, The South China Morning Post said the real-life escape games are a hit among “highly stressed students and overworked young professionals.” 5. Some players get so involved that they tear down equipment or decorations inside their “prisons”, as Zhu Yumeng, chief operating officer of Beijing room escape game store Taoquan told China Daily.

A. Each game adds local themes to settings.

B. And seven new game locations quickly followed.

C. They should also be brave enough to face their fears.

D. Sometimes the excitement becomes a bit much, though.

E. Weekend or day event escape games have been held in some stores.

F. Permanent real life escape games in a fixed location were first opened in Europe.

G. Players must be observant and use their critical thinking skills to escape the room.


A new eight-kilometre road is under construction that links the port area with the motorway system. It is expected to carry 20,000 trucks and cars a day, which greatly reduces the overcrowded traffic in the center of the city. As part of the project, two four-kilometre road tunnels are being built below the central area of the city, one for traffic to the north and the other for traffic to the south .The two tunnels are about 20 metres below the surface and are 12 metres wide, providing for two lanes of traffic in each direction.

满分5 manfen5.com

In the upper part of the tunnel two air-conditioning pipes remove the waste gas of trucks and cars and keep the quality of air inside the tunnel. The lighting is at the top of the tunnel, practically at its highest point. There will also be electronic signs at frequent intervals (间隔). They show traffic conditions ahead, and can be seen clearly by drivers. The wall is made up of four main elements, which include a waterproofing covering and , on the inside of the tunnel , a concrete lining (混凝土衬砌).

Each tunnel is roughly round and the lower part of the tunnel is somewhat flat .The surface of the road lies on the base, which is made of concrete and steel. The drainage system (排水系统), just below the road surface on one side, removes any extra liquid, particularly water. In the event of fire, the fire main, which is made of steel, pipes water to many fire hydrant stations at regular intervals along the length of the tunnel. The fire main is at the side of the tunnel, and at the level of the road surface. Other systems in the tunnel will include emergency phones .

1.Each of the tunnels under construction is ________.

A.eight kilometers long and twelve metres wide

B.eight kilometers long and six metres wide

C.four kilometers long and twelve metres wide

D.four kilometers long and six metres wide

2.Which part of the tunnel in the diagram is used to pipe out extra water?

A. 1                B. 3                 C. 5               D  6

3.Driving in the tunnel , one can know the traffic conditions ahead through ________.

A.the lights           B.the electronic signs

C.the trucks and cars  D.the emergency phones

4.The passage is mainly about ________.

A.the construction of a road

B.the design of a road

C.the construction of two tunnels

D.the design of two tunnels


Sara tried to befriend her old friend Steve's new wife, but Betty never seemed to have anything to say. While Sara felt Betty didn't hold up her end of the conversation, Betty complained to Steve that Sara never gave her a chance to talk. The problem had to do with expectations about pacing and pausing.

Conversation is a turn-taking game. When our habits are similar, there's no problem. But if our habits are different, you may start to talk before I'm finished or fail to take your turn when I'm finished. That's what was happening with Betty and Sara.

It may not be coincidental that Betty, who expected relatively longer pauses between turns, is British, and Sara, who expected relatively shorter pauses, is American. Betty often felt interrupted by Sara. But Betty herself became an interrupter and found herself doing most of the talking when she met a visitor from Finland. And Sara had a hard time cutting in on some speakers from Latin America or Israel.

The general phenomenon, then, is that the small conversation techniques, like pacing and pausing, lead people to draw conclusions not about conversational style but about personality and abilities. These habitual differences are often the basis for dangerous stereotyping (思维定式). And these social phenomena can have very personal consequences. For example, a woman from the southwestern part of the US went to live in an eastern city to take up a job in personnel. When the Personnel Department got together for meetings, she kept searching for the right time to break in and never found it. Although back home she was considered outgoing and confident, in Washington she was viewed as shy and retiring. When she was evaluated at the end of the year, she was told to take a training course because of her inability to speak up.

That's why slight differences in conversational style – tiny little things like microseconds of pause – can have a great effect on one's life. The result in this case was a judgment of psychological problems – even in the mind of the woman herself, who really wondered what was wrong with her and registered for assertiveness training.

1.What did Sara think of Betty when talking with her?

A. Betty was talkative.

B. Betty was an interrupter.

C. Betty did not take her turn.

D. Betty paid no attention to Sara.

2.According to the passage, who are likely to expect the shortest pauses between turns?

A. Americans.         B. Israelis.

C. The British.       D. The Finns.

3.We can learn from the passage that _________.

A. communication breakdown results from short pauses and fast pacing

B. women are unfavorably stereotyped in eastern cities of the US

C. one's inability to speak up is culturally determined sometimes

D. one should receive training to build up one's confidence

4.The underlined word "assertiveness" in the last paragraph probably means ________.

A. being willing to speak one's mind

B. being able to increase one's power

C. being ready to make one's own judgment

D. being quick to express one's ideas confidently


The first day of school our professor introduced himself and challenged us to get to know someone we didn’t know. I stood up to look around when a gentle hand touched my shoulder. I turned around to find a wrinkled, little old lady beaming up at me with a smile that lit up her entire being.

She said, “Hi, girl! My name is Rose. I’m 87 years old. Can give you a hug?”

I laughed and enthusiastically responded, “Of course you may!” and she gave me a giant squeeze.

“Why are you in college at such a young, innocent age?” I asked. She jokingly replied, “I’m here to meet a rich husband, get married, have a couple of children, and hen retire and travel!”

“No seriously.” I said. I was curious about what may have motivated her to be taking on this challenge at her age.

“I always dreamed of having a college education and now I’m getting one!” she told me.

Over the course of the year, Rose because a campus icon and she easily made friends wherever she went. She loved to dress up and she reveled in the attention bestowed upon her from the other students. She was living it up.

At the end of the semester we invited Rose to speak at our football banquet. I’ll never forget what she taught us.

“We do not stop playing because we are old”; we grow old because we stop playing. There are only two secrets to staying young, being happy, and achieving success. You have to laugh and find humor everyday. You’ve got to have a dream. When you lose your dreams, you die!” she said.

“The idea is to grow up by always finding the opportunity in change.” Have no regrets. The elderly usually don’t have regrets for what we did, but rather for things we did not do. The only people who fear death are those with regrets.”

She concluded her speech by courageously singing “The Song of Rose.” She challenged each of us study the lyrics(歌词) and live them out in our daily lives.

At the year’s end, Rose finished the college degree she had begun all those years ago. One week after graduation Rose died peacefully in her sleep.

1.Rose made herself known to the author in a _______ manner.

A. serious              B. cold              C. crazy            D. humorous

2.From the information provided in the passage, we know________.

A. Rose finished the college degree within a year

B. Rose did realize her dream of meeting a rich husband and getting married through college education

C. Rose enjoyed her campus life very much

D. Rose grew so old that she stopped playing

3.According to her speech, ________.

A. whenever you have a dream, you succeed

B. All people don’t grow up while growing older

C. Rose usually regretted having done something

D. a nine-year-old is as old as a 87-year-old if he doesn’t do anything

4.The best title for the passage can be________.

A.Growing Older or Growing Up

B. It’s Never too Old to learn

C. Humour Does Count

D. Challenge Yourself


Opening in 1934, the Brookfield Zoo quickly received a worldwide reputation for its special displays and unique(独一无二的) exhibits.

Address: 1st Avenue between Ogden Avenue and 31st Street, Brookfield, Illinois

Phone: 708-688-8000

Getting to the Brookfield Zoo by Public Transportation:

The Metra Rail Burlington Northern line runs from Union Station downtown to the “Zoo Stop” (Hollywood Station) and from there it’s only a 2-block northeast walk to the zoo.

Driving from Downtown:

Drive along the Eisenhower Expressway west to First Avenue exit. Head south about 2.5 miles and follow the signs to the zoo entrance.

Parking at the Brookfield Zoo:

Parking fees are $9 for cars and $12 for buses.

The Brookfield Zoo Hours:

The Brookfield Zoo is open 365 days per year.

Monday-Saturday: 9:30 a.m. to 6:00 p.m.

Sunday: 9:30 a.m. to 7:30 p.m.

The Brookfield Zoo Tickets:

Adults(ages 12-64), $13.50;

Seniors(ages 65+), $9.50;

Children(ages 3-11), $9.50;

Children(ages 2 and under), free

The Brookfield Zoo Featured Exhibits:

Tropic World; WolfWoods; Living Coast; Seven Seas; Fragile Kingdom; Australia House; Havitat Africa.

About the Brookfield Zoo:

The Brookfield Zoo is located just 14 miles west of downtown Chicago. It’s home to a variety of animal species, and its use of natural barriers and moats(壕沟) is so much more relaxing and enjoyable than watching a lion pace back and forth in a cage. The absence of bars also makes for great wildlife photo opportunities. The Brookfield Zoo also focuses on education, with detailed displays about the animals being viewed and the interactive program that lets kids get some hands-on experience to learn what it takes to run a zoo as well as face painting and crafts.

For more information about the Brookfield Zoo, visit www. brookfieldzoo.org.

1.Where is the entrance to the Brookfield Zoo?

A. At 31st Street.

B.At First Avenue.

C. At Ogden Avenue.

D.At the Hollywood Station.

2.How much should a couple in their thirties and their 5-year-old twins pay if they want to visit the zoo?

A.$23.            B.$32.5              C.$36.5              D.$46

3.What make(s) the Brookfield Zoo more attractive and enjoyable?

A. Its cheap tickets.

B. Its various activities

C. Its cage-less displays.

D. Its geographical advantage.



Our experience at the Children's Medical Care Center was eye­opening. We saw a lot of children without hair due to their radioactive treatment. We played with them and taught them to draw pictures. The children, though suffering such great pains, 1. (be) so friendly that it was much easier to interact with them than we 2. (expect).

One day, an incident deeply touched us. A girl suggested that she teach us how to fold paper. She taught us 3. great patience, explaining each step slowly and clearly. Though we could easily do that, we still pretended to know nothing about it. We followed her, step by step, doing everything she told us. Finally, when we finished our work 4. (success), she gave each of us _5. big hug. We could see the pride and happiness on her face. Her father was so thankful to us that he held our hands tightly, tears in his eyes. And it was not until then 6. we knew the girl would receive an operation the next day.

Many stories happened at the Center. It was really a _7. (value) experience to us all, enriching our life in a positive way. The children's happy faces and _8._ strong minds will stay with us forever. The days we spent at the Center inspired us boys 9. (reflect) on many things. We began to reflect on how to deal with the difficulties in life, because our “troubles” seem not worth 10. (mention) at all compared with what these innocent kids are going through.



Every Wednesday, I go to Cantata Adult Life Services, a local retirement community, with my classmates to do community service.

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Our visits last about an hour, playing board games and cards with the residents ___________ we're there.

You can watch all the movies and TV shows you want about “life back then”, but nothing ___________ with talking to the people who were actually there. Just hearing their stories has ___________ me in a way I never thought possible.

Whether it was talking to 98­year­old “Hurricane Hilda” about her glory days ___________ a roller skater or chatting with Lou about the times she danced with a famous actor, I was completely impressed by every single ___________ the residents wanted to share with me.

Even the residents who don't have ____________ memories make the experience fulfilling. I remember visiting Mrs. Robinson. She couldn't ____________ much about her past, but she told me she'd ___________ forget how kind I was just to listen to her “rambling (漫谈)”. It made me realize that it's the ___________ things that make life worth living. That's something I won't ___________ anytime.

If there's one thing I've realized in my three years of visiting Cantata, it's ____________ just being there that means more than anything to many of the residents. And despite how ____________ our lives are, there's always time to make them happy.

For me, it feels great to be a ____________ of happiness, a smile on a bad day or a(n) ___________ for old memories. And at the end of the day, that's all that ____________.

It's easy to feel like you don't have much in common with the ___________ especially when you're a(n) ____________. But that's not true at all.

I hate to make much comment here, but age really is just a(n) _____________. As young adults, it's important for us to realize this sooner ___________ later. We can learn a lot from the elderly, and they can often _____________ from teenagers, too.

1.A.until          B.unless            C.while                    D.before

2.A.compares       B.competes          C.combines                 D.connects

3.A.touched        B.reached           C.captured                 D.disgusted

4.A.like           B.as                C.about                    D.towards

5.A.imagination    B.truth             C.picture                  D.memory

6.A.boring         B.depressing        C.amazing                  D.longing

7.A.concern        B.grasp             C.recall                   D.mention

8.A.ever           B.always            C.even                     D.never

9.A.important      B.little            C.major                    D.sweet

10.A.care          B.skip              C.believe                  D.forget

11.A.presence      B.appearance        C.understanding            D.protection

12.A.messy         B.happy             C.easy                     D.busy

13.A.trend         B.chance            C.source                   D.cause

14.A.mind          B.ear               C.tongue                   D.heart

15.A.matters       B.favors            C.differs                  D.exists

16.A.friendly      B.lively            C.lonely                   D.elderly

17.A.adult         B.teenager          C.resident                 D.child

18.A.amount        B.difference        C.advantage                D.number

19.A.or else       B.rather than       C.other than             D.except for

20.A.hear          B.differ            C.judge                  D.benefit












Dear fellow students,

There is a serious phenomenon in our school that many students crowded in the school store to buy snacks and some students even eat snacks in class.

Eating snacks are a bad habit and is also waste of money. In addition to, most snacks are unhealthy food, for they contain too many fat and sugar. Eating snacks improper may lead to fatness and illness. What's more, some students throw the wrappers everywhere, that pollutes our campus.

Dear fellow students, it's high time that we pay attention to this phenomenon. Our high school students should develop good eating habits. Remember that three regular meals a day as well as a balance diet is essential for us.


My wife is addicted to shopping on the Internet._1. seems that she can't control herself well, just clicking constantly with the mouse.Let me tell you what happened last night.It was the fourth time she 2. (shop) online for hours.I had already reminded her 3. (think) twice before buying anything, but my wife ignored what I said and replied confidently,“With the New Year 4. (approach), preparation is necessary. 5., I haven't bought things on the Internet for a whole week.”Hearing her words, I was really speechless.In most cases, the things she bought aren't good value for money.Maybe she just enjoys 6. process of buying online.

Nowadays, 7. the development of technology, online shopping is becoming more and more convenient.Those 8. stay at home can buy whatever they want.In the meanwhile, it causes a series of 9. (problem).One of them is more spending than before, because people are 10. (easy) attracted by the discount.So how to keep a good state of mind in front of temptation (诱惑) is an important lesson many people need to learn.



For many people, being without any electronic devices (设备) creates an uneasy feeling. I recently experienced a weekend without __________. Allow me to share my ________.

Last month, my family and I drove to my aunt Nan's home. My aunt was preparing to move closer to us. The _________ of our visit was to help her pack her belongings. During the ride, my dad __________ us that Aunt Nan's style of living was _________. We wouldn't hear cell phones ring because signals for electronic devices are not _________ in the mountains. My dad also told us that Aunt Nan had a television, but it _________ few channels.My mother added that my aunt doesn't own a computer and that I would need to write my English paper on Aunt Nan's typewriter.

Once we finally _________ Aunt Nan's house, we packed household items. Very quickly, however, I realized that it was __________ to figure out what to do in my free moments. I was used to watching television or movies in my _________ time. I was becoming restless (焦虑的).

I'm sure that adults you know _________ tell you stories about the games they played and how they had time to think quietly when they were our age.Our parents grew up in a time when electronic devices were not advanced, _________ instant communication with friends and family wasn't even possible.

Once the packing was __________, there seemed to be nothing else to do. All the quiet thinking time made me _________ so I began writing my English paper. The old typewriter was fun to use, but I had to be a lot more _________ about making typing mistakes since there was no delete key. The best part of _________ the typewriter was hearing the sound that the keys made.

I soon finished my paper. My __________ had time to hike, draw, and make unusual crafts much like my parents did. The _________ of putting these ideas on paper made me think that our dependence on electronics has _________ our creativity. I challenge you to spend a day without _________ any electronic devices. Maybe you will discover the benefit of thinking quietly as well.

1.A.games              B.televisions       C.electronics      D.sports

2.A.feeling            B.belongings        C.experience       D.devices

3.A.value              B.purpose           C.plan             D.result

4.A.blamed             B.advised           C.announced        D.informed

5.A.primitive          B.modern            C.new              D.casual

6.A.stable           B.visible           C.direct           D.confusing

7.A.saved              B.received          C.accepted         D.refused

8.A.complained about  B.arrived at        C.left for       D.cleaned up

9.A.safe               B.impossible        C.difficult        D.easy

10.A.waiting         B.travelling        C.spare            D.busy

11.A.finally           B.hardly            C.seldom           D.frequently

12.A.though            B.if                C.for              D.so

13.A.finished        B.included          C.paid             D.opened

14.A.curious           B.uncomfortable     C.angry            D.uninterested

15.A.careful         B.scared            C.excited        D.crazy

16.A.holding           B.using             C.fixing           D.packing

17.A.characters        B.friends           C.relatives       D.classmates

18.A.process           B.story             C.idea             D.beginning

19.A.failed            B.encouraged        C.dulled         D.developed

20.A.turning down      B.turning up        C.turning off      D.turning on



After the popularity of the Ice Bucket Challenge, another challenge now is hot in India. Indians give rice to their poor neighbors for a charity (慈善), which is called “Rice Bucket Challenge”. 1._ It is about giving a bucket of rice to someone who is in need and taking a picture named “Rice Bucket Challenge” to share online. The aim of the activity is to help the poor and hungry people in India, and the movement's Facebook page has so far clocked up more than 50,000 likes. 2. The activity was started by Manju Latha Kalanidhi, a 38­year­old journalist, who thought the Ice Bucket Challenge was a little strange. She said, “Hunger is a disease anybody would connect.” The challenge has gained a lot of support with students signing up in Indian Institute of Management, and more and more people join in it. 3.

India is the world's second­biggest rice consumer, with a storage of 21.2 million tons of the grains. 4._ It has suffered with mass hunger, and last year was ranked 63rd of 78 countries on the International Food Policy Research Institute's global hunger index. How to participate in this activity? First, pick up a bucket of rice from your home and give it to the neighboring people who are in need. 5. At last, invite online all your friends and ask them to take up the challenge. It is important to post back on Facebook because it will inspire all your friends to come forward. All the people get together and make a difference!

A.Besides, hand the rice bucket over to other people who are in need.

B.It is not an activity involving dumping a bucket of rice on someone's head.

C.The activity raises the public awareness and charitable donations to agriculture.

D.The Air Asia India airline says its staff including senior management will join.

E.Then, take a picture and post it on facebook with “Rice Bucket Challenge”.

F.But it is far from enough for this country.

G.The initial inspiration came from the Ice Bucket Challenge.



Can you imagine a world without chocolate? It's not something I'd like to do, so I was relieved to read that there's a university with a programme to safeguard the future of chocolate!

The University of Reading, in England, has just opened a new clearing house for all the world's new cocoa varieties. They must be quarantined (进行检疫) before they can be grown. Why? Cocoa production hit a record high of 4.4 million tons last year but about 30% of the precious crop is regularly lost to pests and diseases. Now we don't want that, do we?

Demand for chocolate has been increasing faster than the world supply of cocoa and researchers think that new varieties are key to solving this problem.

The University of Reading has been protecting the quality of the new crop since 1985, after it took over the task from the Royal Botanical Gardens in Kew, London. And it has improved its facilities. The leader of the institution's cocoa project, Professor Paul Hadley, says, “One of the main issues concerning cocoa improvement is the supply of reliably clean, healthy, interesting cocoa material.”

The cocoa centre has a collection of 400 plant varieties and their greenhouse uses a lot of energy to keep them in tropical conditions. After up to two years in quarantine, clean and safe seeds are sent to some 20 countries, including several in West Africa. That's where 75% of the cocoa used for chocolate worldwide comes from. The crop is extremely important for the local economy: it employs about two million people.

Professor Paul Hadley says he works with a small team of skilled technicians who look after the collection. And more of us seem to count on them now.

The scientist says, “There is some concern within the industry that demand is increasing constantly, particularly in countries like China, where the standard of living is increasing and people are getting a taste for different chocolates.”

1.What is the text mainly about?

A.Safeguarding cocoa seeds.

B.Planting cocoa seeds worldwide.

C.Keeping cocoa seeds in the greenhouse.

D.Finding the new market for cocoa.

2.The institution's cocoa project is to ________.

A.have cocoa skin removed

B.offer more jobs to people

C.ensure the quality of cocoa

D.supply cocoa to two million people

3.What does the last paragraph tell us?

A.The taste of chocolates is changing.

B.Demand for cocoa is increasing continually.

C.People are concerned about cocoa varieties.

D.Chinese have a long history of eating chocolates.

4.What's the purpose of the text?

A.To educate.          B.To advertise.

C.To warn.           D.To inform.



Dear Mr. Wolfson,

The purpose of this letter is to inform you of one of our citizens who I believe should receive some special recognition for dedicated (敬业的) community service. The person I recommend is Elizabeth Samuelson. I believe you know her in your position as volunteer coordinator (协调员).

I have known Elizabeth for more than 20 years as both a friend and a neighbor. During that time I have seen her work tirelessly on scores of community projects and committees. As far as I know, she has never received any kind of recognition from the community for her work. I believe she should be given some sort of special recognition.

Just last year alone, she worked on at least six different community projects including the Park Renewal Project and the Heritage Homes Fund­Raising Banquet. In addition, she is a weekly driver for the Meals­on­Wheels program and she visits patients in the care unit on a regular basis. Whenever a project or committee needs her, she will put herself into the work wholeheartedly. I'm sure that if you check with a few of your staff members who have been there over the years, they will confirm Elizabeth's community service record and probably be able to add many examples to the few I have given here. By the way, Elizabeth has no idea that I am writing this. She is a humble (谦虚的) person, and if she were aware of it, she would not allow me to send it.

I thought about writing such a letter about her a number of times in the past but just never took action. Then last week, I noticed in the paper that you sponsor (主办) an annual dinner at which dozens of awards are given out to people with much less community service than Elizabeth. In fact, I checked with her and she has never even been invited to that annual event!

I urge you to correct that omission (疏忽) now and take action to see that Elizabeth is properly recognized for her many years of silent but outstanding service to this community.


Linda Sullivan

1.Linda is Elizabeth's ________.

A.friend and colleague     B.neighbor and leader

C.neighbor and worker      D.friend and neighbor

2.From the letter we know that Linda ________ Elizabeth much.

A.depends on              B.looks down upon

C.ignores                  D.respects

3.According to the letter, Elizabeth ________.

A.wants to be asked to take part in the annual event

B.contributes much to the community

C.has been invited to the annual dinner

D.has been given a lot of honors

4.What can we learn about Mr.Wolfson from the letter?

A.He knows Linda quite well.

B.He is a careless person.

C.He tries something to reward those who have done much community service.

D.He tries his best to find Elizabeth and do something to reward her.



When should people be made to retire? 55? 65? Should there be a compulsory age limit?

Many old people work well into their 70s and 80s, running families, countries or corporations. Other people, however, despite being fit and highly talented, are forced to retire in their fifties or even earlier because of the regulations of a company or the nation. This essay will examine whether people should be allowed to continue working as long as they want or whether they should be encouraged to retire at a particular stage.

Some people think there are several arguments for allowing older people to continue working as long as they are able. First of all, older employees have a large amount of knowledge and experience which can be lost to a business or organization if they are made to retire. A second point is that older employees are often extremely loyal employees and are more willing to carry out company policies than younger less committed staff. However, a more important point is regarding the attitudes in society to old people. To force someone to resign or retire at 60 indicates that the society does not value the input of these people and that their useful life is over. Age is irrelevant to a working life, surely if older employees are told they cannot work after 60, this is age discrimination. That they become old does not necessarily mean they are going to be sick. Old people could be more aware, experienced and committed than some youngsters.

Others, however, think that allowing older people to work indefinitely is not a good policy. Age alone is no guarantee of ability. Old people are only ambitious workaholics who are too selfish and self­centered to believe that a younger person could do better. Actually, many younger employees have more experience or skills than older staff, who may have been stuck in one area or unit for most of their working lives. Having compulsory retirement allows new ideas in an organization. In addition, without age limits, however, many people would continue to work purely because they did not have any other plans or roles. A third point of view is that older people should be rewarded by society for their life's labor by being given generous pensions and the freedom to enjoy their leisure. We now have youngsters who can't find jobs because old people are choosing not to retire. Old people are not retiring because this new generation of “old people” think they will never die due to modern advances in medicine.

With many young people unemployed or frustrated in low­level positions, there are often calls to compulsorily retire older workers. However, this can affect the older individual's freedom and right to work and can deprive (剥夺) society of valuable experience and insights. I feel that giving workers more flexibility and choice over their retirement age will benefit society and the individual.

1.What is the purpose of this passage?

A.To explain the compulsory age limit.

B.To discuss the retirement age.

C.To examine people's working life.

D.To introduce a particular stage.

2.Which of the following is NOT a reason for allowing old people to continue working according to the passage?

A.Their contributions should be valued.

B.Their experience should be made use of.

C.They can help the youngsters.

D.They are loyal employees.

3.It can be inferred in the fourth paragraph that ________.

A.the young people have more creative spirits

B.modern advances in medicine make old people never die

C.pensions and freedom are not given to the old now

D.old people believe that a younger person could do better

4.The passage is arranged as follows:________.

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Melbourne, Australia

Melbourne is a hotspot travel destination, and it's easy to see its beautiful beaches and busy city life.

Why it's a great choice: Australia as a whole is considered a safe destination for international travel, and because of that, many solo travelers go there. As an English­speaking country, you won't be faced with any language barriers. Melbourne is easy to get around because you can walk or bike practically anywhere!


Thailand is great for solo travelers perhaps because it is one of the Buddhist mindsets, which promote equality among the sexes.

Why it's a great choice:Thailand is known for its friendly atmosphere, and as a travel hotspot, there are plenty of chances to meet other like­minded travelers. Well known for being very cheap, especially in the north. A good choice if you want to get away on a budget. Thailand has a lot to offer, from the party­central Bangkok to beautiful beaches and tropical (热带的) jungle.

Hong Kong, China

Hong Kong is a great place to relax for solo travelers as it is full of “Zen Moments”, such as beautiful gardens and Tai Chi classes.

Why it's a great choice:Hong Kong is regarded as one of the safest cities in the world. If you're not well­traveled, or perhaps a bit tired of things like language barriers, Hong Kong is a great place to start, as it mixes both Eastern and Western at the same time.

Bali, Indonesia

Bali is a spiritual place with yoga, spas, healthy food and beaches. The combination of friendly people and splendid visual culture has made Bali number one tourist attraction.

Why it's so great: you won't be the only solo traveler in Bali. Everyone is known for being extremely friendly and you're sure to meet some amazing characters along the way. As a Hindu island, Bali is the perfect place for a relaxing and spiritual retreat (静修). The Sacred Monkey Forest in Ubud is fantastic if you like monkeys, anyway.

1.What do the four places have in common according to the text?

A.They're cheap to travel around.

B.They're great for solo travelers.

C.They offer good spas and yoga.

D.There're no language barriers.

2.Where can you enjoy both convenient transport and beautiful beaches?

A.Melbourne, Australia.        B.Thailand.

C.Hong Kong, China.            D.Bali, Indonesia.

3.What has made Bali No. 1 tourist attraction?

A.Yoga, spas, healthy food and beaches.

B.Friendly people and splendid visual culture.

C.Meeting some amazing characters along the way.

D.Fantastic monkeys in the Sacred Monkey Forest.

4.What type of writing is this text?

A.A travel journal.            B.A business report.

C.A travel guide.              D.A press advertisement.


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