根据短文内容,从短文后的选项中选出能填入空白处的最佳选项。选项中有两项为多余选项。

Trampolining

What’s more fun than standing still? Jumping up and down on a springy piece of fabric (织物)! This activity is known as trampolining and it’s sweeping the nation.

The idea of trampolining is ancient. Eskimos have been throwing each other in the air for thousands of years. Firemen began using a life net to catch people jumping from buildings in 1887. __1._

A gymnast named George Nissan and his coach Larry Griswold made the first modern trampoline in 1936. __2.__ They named their equipment after the Spanish word trampolín, which means diving board. The men wanted to share their idea with the whole world. In 1942 they began making trampolines to sell to the public.

Trampolines may be fun, but they can also be dangerous. __3.__ Clubs and gyms use large safety nets or other equipment to make it safer. Most trampoline injuries happen at home. Since trampolines are more affordable than ever, injuries are even more common.

These injuries happen for many reasons. People may bounce too high and land out of the trampoline or onto the springs. _4._ Perhaps the worst injuries happen when untrained people try to do flips (快速翻转). Landing on your neck or head can cause injuries or even kill you.

_5.__ There are many things that you can do to practice safe trampolining. Trampolines have been around for a while now. They have brought a lot of joy to many people. They can be a good source of exercise and activity. They can help people improve their balance and moves. But they can also be deadly. It is important to follow some professional guidance. Be sure that you are practicing safety while having a good time. Happy bouncing!

A. They found a winner when they performed a piece of spring across a steel frame.

B. And in the early 1900s, circus performers began bouncing off a net to amuse audiences.

C. Injuries also happen when many people are jumping at the same time.

D. Experts find that more than 100,000 people hurt themselves while using one each year.

E. You can surround your trampoline with a net so that people don’t fall off it.

F. They got the idea by watching swing artists bouncing off a tight net at the circus.

G. But don’t let all that bad news keep you down.

 

Recently some articles claims the word ‘‘selfie” as one of the most annoying words. But I’d like to offer that maybe it is not so bad.

The “selfie” is used to describe the self-taken photo, often from a smart phone. Women and men decorate their Facebook, Twitter, and Instagram accounts with these pictures, sometimes with puckered (翘起) lips or large smiles. In fact, the selfie has become so widely known that over 31 million photos on Instagram are taken with the selfie.

Let’s think about it. Someone takes about 10 selfies each time they do, and they only end up posting one or two of those. They pick the one that they feel makes them look the best. Isn’t that beautiful? In that one picture, someone has given himself or herself confidence. Self-image is important. In society today, we are often so consumed with the feeling that what society tells us is perfect. But maybe, with that one selfie, we feel that we fit that bill. We feel handsome, beautiful, confident, smart, happy and content. For that moment, everything bad or terrible that has ever happened to us is erased (消除), because that smile or that pucker is what gives us the determination to love ourselves.

I saw a spoken word poem recently and the young man said: If I ask you what you love, the answers will most likely roll off your tongue. You love to read. You love to write. You love birds, music, your mom, your brother, your sister, your daughter, your best friend, your dog. How long do you think you can go on and on before you say “I love myself”.

That statement hit me like a ton of bricks. I’ve struggled with confidence all of my life. I still do. And in no way am I saying that taking a selfie is a gateway to that confidence. However, the selfie does deserve some credit for allowing individuals to express themselves. Pamela Rutledge agrees, stating, “There are many more photographs available now of real people than models.”

1. According to the author, selfie ______.

A. is an annoying habit for people

B. becomes a fashion among teenagers

C. makes a person become self-centered

D. gives a person a sense of confidence

2. According to the writer, we live in a society where ______.

A. being perfect is highly valued

B. people judge others by their appearance

C. confidence is based on one’s self-images

D. beauty almost decides everything

3.The author mentions a poem in the passage to stress ______.

A. the power of true love

B. the need to love ourselves

C. the kinds of love we have

D. the endless love we get

4. The best title for the passage is ______.

A. The Meaning of Selfie

B. A Fashion of Selfie

C. A Praise of Selfie

D. The Criticism of Selfie

 

Visitor Oyster cards are electronic smart cards that come fully charged with credit. Whether you’re making a one-off trip to London or you’re a regular visitor, using an Oyster travel smart card is the easiest way to travel around the city’s public transport network. Simply touch the card on the yellow card reader at the doors when you start and end your journey.

Advantages of a Visitor Oyster Card

A Visitor Oyster card is one of the cheapest ways to pay for single journeys on the bus, Tube, DLR, tram, London Overground and most National Rail services in London:

Save time—your card is ready to use as soon as you arrive in London.

It’s more than 50% cheaper than buying a paper travel card or single tickets with cash.

There is a daily price cap—once you have reached this limit, you won’t pay any more.

Enjoy special offers and promotions at leading London restaurants, shops and entertainment venues—plus discounts on the Emirates Air Line cable car and Thames Clippers river buses.

Buy a Visitor Oyster card

Buy a Visitor Oyster card before you visit London and get it delivered to your home address. A card costs£3 (non-refundable) plus postage. Order online and arrive with your Oyster in hand! You can also buy a Visitor Oyster card from Gatwick Express ticket offices at Gatwick Airport Station and on board Eurostar trains travelling to London.

Add Credit to Your Visitor Oyster Card

You can choose how much credit to add to your card. If you are visiting London for two days, you can start with £20 credit. If you run out of credit, add credit at the following locations:

Touch screen ticket machines in Tube, DLR, London Overground and some National Rail stations.

Around 4,000 Oyster Ticket Stops found in newsagents and small shops across London.

TFL Visitor and Travel Information Centers.

Tube and London Overground station ticket offices.

● Emirates Air Line terminals.

1.When can you use your Visitor Oyster Card?

A. After you become a regular visitor.

B. Once you arrive in London.

C. Only when you end your journey.

D. Before you leave home.

2.What can we learn about the Visitor Oyster card?

A. It can reach you before your journey to London.

B. It requires you to pay as much as the daily price cap.

C. It can provide you a 50% discount at a London shop.

D. It can be delivered to your home address free of charge.

3. Where can you add credit to your Visitor Oyster card?

A. On the Internet.

B. On Eurostar trains.

C. At a Tube station ticket office.

D. At Gatwick Express ticket offices.

 

LEEDS, England—A Leeds University psychology professor is teaching a course to help dozens of Britons forgive their enemies.

“The hatred we hold within us is a tumor,” Professor Ken Hart said, adding that it can lead to problems such as high blood pressure and heart disease.

More than 70 people have become members in Hart’s first 20-week workshop in London—a course he says is the first of its kind in the world.

“These are people who are sick and tired of living with a memory. They realize their bitterness is a poison they think they can pour out, but they end up drinking it themselves,” said Canadian-born Hart.

The students meet in groups of eight to ten for a two-hour workshop with an adviser every fortnight.

The course, ending in July, is expected to get rid of the tumor of hatred in these people. “People have lots of negative attitudes towards forgiveness,” he said, “People confuse forgiveness with forgetting. Forgiveness means changing from a negative attitude to a positive one."

Hart and his team have created instructions to provide the training needed.

“The main idea is to give you guidelines on how to look at various kinds of angers and how they affect you, and how to change your attitudes towards the person you are angry with," said Norman Claringbull, a senior expert on the forgiveness project.

Hart said he believes forgiveness is a skill that can be taught, as these people “want to get free of the past”.

1. From this passage we know that________.

A. high blood pressure and heart disease are caused by hatred

B. high blood pressure can only be cured by psychology professors

C. without hate, people will have less trouble connected with blood and heart

D. people who suffer from blood pressure and heart disease must have many enemies

2.According to the passage, if you are angry with somebody, you should________.

A. have lots of negative attitudes towards him or her

B. never meet him or her again

C. persuade him or her to have a positive talk with you

D. try to build up a positive attitude towards the person

3.What does the underlined word “tumor” probably mean?

A. cancerB. danger C. disease D. influence

4.The author wrote this passage in order to________.

A. persuade us to go to Hart’s workshop

B. tell us the news about Hart’s workshop

C. tell us how to run a workshop like Hart’s

D. help us to look at various kinds of anger

 

For as long as I can remember, I’ve always wanted a personal motto. I wanted a saying that I could really try to live my life by. I mean all the humorous book and storybook heroes always have a personal principle they follow. Good manners! Courage! Keenness! But a part of me could never get myself to create my own motto because I never knew where to start and I never thought I could give one.

“With great power comes great responsibility.” is a quote by the great writer and philosopher, Voltaire. More familiar, it makes an appearance in the modern day movie performance of the superhero Spider-Man. This saying provides a sense of responsibility for those with actually limitless power.

“Be good to others and others will be good to you.” is another well-known proverb that has roots in almost all of the major religions. Although it is less practiced today than it is lectured, it is a powerful and good motto to live by. Kindness, in this sense, is the final power in judging every action.

My personal motto today has an idea – being efficient. Through my limited knowledge, I have come to find that this is simply the best way for me to give insight about who I am and what I believe in.

Efficiency is a quality that everyone desires for, right? Who doesn’t want to be able to not only work fast but to achieve great results? To some, it may appear to be a frightening journey. But to me, it means that I have a lifelong journey to improve the methods and ideas with which I come near my tasks.

Regardless of what motto you want to live by, I believe that everyone should have one, or two or more. These are all symbols of a perfect story of us, in our own view. And it immediately provides insight to the type of person we were, we are and what we strive to be. We are never meant to be perfect, but it is important to try and live by a belief that will help us reach our potential. All you have to do is know what your excitement is and live by it.

1. Why does the writer want a personal motto?

A. He can follow a belief to live his life.

B. He can behave like the heroes in storybooks.

C. He can have the courage to be enthusiastic.

D. He can know where to create his own motto.

2. In the eyes of the writer, Spider-Man mainly lives by _______.

A. power

B. kindness

C. religion

D. responsibility

3.What can we infer from the writer’s personal motto?

A. He desires for great results of his tasks.

B. He will spend a lifelong time on traveling.

C. He expects to work well without wasting time.

D. He will never find a journey discouraging.

4. The last paragraph implies that a motto _________.

A. helps you know your potential

B. can tell us who we really are

C. reflects what your passion is

D. will prove you to be perfect

 

假定你是李华。在校报英语专栏看到了学校“英语文化节”的一则招募启事,请阅读启事,并根据写作要点写一封应征邮件。

Volunteers Wanted

Our annual English Festival, which will be held on June 15-17, 2015, is now looking for 20 student volunteers to provide service for Talent Show, Speech Contest, and English Debate. If you are interested, please send an application email at your earliest convenience to Ms. Chen at www. chenlaoshi@163.com.

要点:1. 陈述应征目的;

2. 说明应征条件(性格、能力等)。

注意: 1. 字数100词左右

2. 可根据情况增加细节,使行文连贯

Dear Ms. Chen,

    I’m Li Hua, a student from Grade 3. ___________________________________________________

_____________________________________________________________________________________

    Looking forward to your reply.

Yours sincerely,

                                                                                Li Hua

 

假定英语课上老师要求同桌之间交换修改作文,请你修改你同桌写的以下作文。文中共有10处语言错误,每处错误仅涉及一个单词的增加、删除和修改

增加:在缺词处加一个漏字符号(∧),并在其下面写出该加的词。

    删除:把多余的词用斜线(\)划掉。

修改:在错的词下划一横线,并在该词下面写出修改后的词。

注意:1、每处错误及其修改均仅限一词;

      2、只允许修改10处,多者(从第11处起)不计分。

China launched out two astronauts into space on Monday. Their launch marks the begin of China's longest human space flight yet.

A carrier rocket sent the Shenzhou-11 spacecraft with astronaut Chen Dong and Jing Haipeng into space. The rocket was firing from the Jiuquan Satellite Launch Center in the Gobi desert. Chen is 37 years old. This is their first time in space. But Jing had done this before — it is his third space flight. He will turn 50 years old while orbits the Earth. “Their trip is a good start” —that is why Morris Jones told VOA. Jones is independent space expert from Australian.

 

阅读下面材料,在空白处填入适当内容(1个单词)或括号内单词的适当形式(不超过3个单词)。

This is a true story which happened in the States.   1. man came out of his home to admire his new truck. To his puzzlement, his three-year-old son was   2. (happy) hammering dents(凹痕) into the shiny paint of the truck. The man ran to his son, knocked him away, hammered the little boy's hands into pulp(果浆汁) as   3. (punish). When the father calmed down, he rushed his son to the hospital.

Although the doctor tried desperately to save the crushed bones, he finally had to cut the fingers from both the boy's hands. When the boy   4. (wake) up from the operation and saw his bandaged stubs, he innocently said, “Daddy, I'm sorry about your truck,   5.   when are my fingers going to grow back?”

The father went home and committed suicide.

Think about this story the next time someone steps on your   6.   (foot) or you wish to take revenge(报复). Think first   7.  you lose your patience with someone you love. Trucks can be repaired, but   8.  (break) bones and hurt feelings often can't. Too often we fail to recognize the difference between the person and the performance. We forget that forgiveness is   9. (great) than revenge.

People make mistakes. We   10.  (allow) to make mistakes. But the actions we take while in a rage will impress us forever.

 

阅读下面短文,从短文后各题所给的四个选项(A、B、C和D)中,选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项。

My brother, Mark, died in a traffic accident four years ago. He was my big brother and   looked after me. I am   today for all of the special times we had as running partners, and times driving to different races, where we had so many   about life in general. I    these talks terribly at this time of the year.

      , I am so happy he shared with me the   of his faith. He was always so    to people, and I had been with him many times    we pulled over to help someone in need,     a smile and helping them get back on the road. So I was not     when he told me of the time when he was   in college. It was the end of the month. To make matters worse, it was Friday and he had no      in his pocket for the weekend. Pay day was Monday and he had no gas money to get home to      my dad and no money to buy food but he had faith that helping others helping yourself.

On his way home from classes that day, as he was driving along, he noticed a guy ahead of him      his lumber (木材) all over the road as he turned the corner. Mark     right over and helped him load the lumber back into his truck. The guy was so thankful and     his hand to Mark, and in it was one hundred dollars. Mark couldnt believe his     . He told him that was unnecessary but the man    and off he drove.

  I still think of Mark sitting there telling me that story, with tears in his eyes, and how faithful he was.

1.A. sometimes  B. never     C. always          D. hardly

2.A. successful  B. hopeful   C. cheerful    D. thankful

3.A. spared      B. spent     C. wasted    D. saved

4.A. questions   B. arguments    C. differences   D. conversations

5.A. remember  B. keep     C. miss     D. fear

6.A. So      B. However          C. Then      D. If

7.A. story    B. record    C. belief     D. secret

8. A. grateful     B. careful    C. helpful       D. powerful

9.A. because   B. while    C. when    D. until

10.A. sharing  B. understanding   C. recognizing     D. forcing

11.A. pleased   B. worried   C. surprised    D. excited

12. A. never    B. yet          C. even    D. still

13.A. food      B. money    C. paper     D. key

14. A. attend     B. see     C. change    D. persuade

15.A. follows   B. agrees    C. means    D. explains

16.A. carry   B. arrange    C. place     D. lose

17.A. pulled   B. pushed    C. moved    D. walked

18.A. held    B. offered        C. raised    D. shook

19.A. ears   B. mind    C. eyes     D. feeling

20.A. complained    B. apologized   C. regretted    D. insisted

 

根据短文内容,从短文后的选项中选出能填入空白处的最佳选项.选项中有两项为多余选项.

How do actors and actresses memorize hundreds of lines? Memorizing lines takes practice and constant repetition. However, there are a few ways to make the memorization process run smoothly and quickly.

  1.

For most performers, there is no quicker way of memorizing lines. To learn lines, an actor must recite the play loud over and over again. Most rehearsals(彩排) encourage this by running through the lines or having a "read through". By the time opening night arrives, most actors have spoken their lines hundreds of times.

Listen to your cast members.

Sometimes inexperienced actors spend rehearsals looking at fellow performers, waiting patiently to say their next line.    2.   This will help the actor learn his lines better because the context of the dialogue is absorbed.

   3.

Because there is often not enough rehearsal time, many performers find ways to listen to the play’s dialogue during everyday activities. They use a tape recorder or an MP3 player to listen to the lines from each relevant scene. Some actors prefer to record the lines of all the characters, including their own.    4.  Others like recording the lines of fellow cast members, and they leave a blank space so that they can insert their dialogue while listening to the recording.

Think positively and don’t panic.

Most actors will experience stage fright before the opening night. Actors forget lines now and then. When it happens, however, most of the time the audience never notice. If you forget a line in the middle of your performance, don’t freeze. Stay in character. Keep the scene going to the best of your ability. If unfortunately you forget a line once, you will probably never forget that line ever again.   5.

A. Record your lines.

B. Practice makes perfect.

C. Read lines loud and repeat them.

D. Read lines loud and remember them in a short time.

E. Sometimes embarrassment is the toughest method of memorization.

F. Then, they not only listen carefully, but they also speak all of the lines.

G. Instead, they should be listening carefully, responding in character at all times.

 

When it's five o'clock,people leave their office.The length of the workday,for many workers,is defined by time. They leave when the clock tells them they're done.

These days,the time is everywhere: not just on clocks or watches,but on cell-phones and computers.That may be a bad thing,particularly at work.New research shows on that clock-based work schedules hinder morale and creativity.

Clock-timers organize their day by blocks of minutes and hours.For example: a meeting from 9 a.m. to 10 a.m., research from 10 a.m.to noon,etc.On the other hand,task-timers have a list of things they want to accomplish.They work down the list,each task starts when the previous task is completed.It is said that all of us employ a mix of both these types of planning.

What,then,are the effects of thinking about time in these different ways? Does one make us more productive? Better at the tasks at hand? Happier? In experiments conducted by Tamar Avnet and Anne-Laure Sellier,they had participints organize different activities-from project planning,holiday shopping,to yoga-by time or to-do list to measure how they performed under "clock time" vs "task time".They found clock timers to be more efficient but less happy because they felt little control over their lives.Task timers are happier and more creative,but less productive. They tend to enjoy the moment when something good is happening,and seize opportunities that come up.

The researchers argue that task-based organizing tends to be undervalued and under-supported in the business culture.Smart companies,they believe,will try to bake more task-based planning into their strategies.

This might be a small change to the way we view work and the office,but the researchers argue that it challenges a widespread characteristic of the economy: work organized by clock time.While most people will still probably need,and be,to some extent,clock-timers,task-based timing should be used when performing a job that requires more creativity.It'll make those tasks easier,and the task-doers will be happier.

1.What does the author think of time displayed everywhere?

A. It makes everybody aware of time.

B. It is a convenience for work and life.

C. It may have a negative effect on creative work.

D. It clearly indicates the fast pace of modern life.

2.What did Tamar Avnet and Anne-Laure Sellier find in their experiments about clock-timers ?

A. They seize opportunities as they come up.

B. They always get their work done in time.

C. They have more control over their lives.

D. They tend to be more productive.

3.What do the researchers say about today's business culture?

A. It does not support the strategies adopted by smart companies.

B. It does not attach enough importance to task-based practice.

C. It places more emphasis on work efficiency than on workers’ lives.

D. It aims to bring employees' potential and creativity into full play.

4.What do the researchers suggest?

A. Task-based timing is preferred for doing creative work.

B. It is important to keep a balance between work and life.

C. Performing creative jobs tends to make workers happier.

D. A scientific standard should be adopted in job evaluation.

 

New Orleans, Louisiana, was established as part of the French Empire in 1718.

  Its location on the east bank of the Mississippi River gave it control of the American hinerland and it became strategically important to many nations. It was transferred from France to Spain, returned to France, and finally sold by Napoleon to the United States in 1803. The city was the site of a famous battle fought in 1815 between the British, who hoped to control it, and the Americans under General Andrew Jackson.

  The riverbed of the Mississippi is constantly silting(淤积)and the river is now actually higher than the city. Levees hold back the river and giant pumps are used to move water from the city into the river.

  Although New Orleans has been a part of the United States for almost two centuries, its population takes great pride in its French heritage. Louisiana still retains parts of the Code Napoleon which, for many years, was its only law.

  New Orleans is carefree city and it boasts its hot, spicy Creole seafood and its native Dixieland Jazz. The Jackson Square neighborhood maintains its French colonial homes and in other sections are pre-Civil War mansions. Visitors are surprised to find that behind this interesting surface of yesteryear is a busy industrial and port city. Grain and coal come from the Midwest and foreign goods are unloaded here. New Orleans is no longer a sleepy Southern town----but it's still fun to visit.

1. The battle of New Orleans was fought by Jackson against______.

A. France    B. Britain    C. Spain   D. The North

2.According to the passage, the Code Napoleon was _______.

A. an agreement to sell Louisiana  

B. a body of laws

C. a city plan

D. a military code for the army

3.Which of the following elements does not apply to the attitude of the citizens of New Orleans?

A. Pride in their French heritage.

B. A desire to retain colonial buildings.

C. A refusal to engage in trade and commerce

D. A praising of Dixieland Jazz.

4. Tourists visiting New Orleans are surprised to encounter _____.

A. Creole food            B. Dixieland jazz 

C. a busy city           D. authentic colonial homes

 

When someone is happy, can you smell it?

You can usually tell when someone is happy based on seeing them smile, hearing them laugh or perhaps from receiving a big hug. But can you also smell their happiness? Surprising new research suggests that happiness does indeed have a scent, and that the experience of happiness can be transmitted through smell, reports Phys.org.

For the study, 12 young men were shown videos meant to bring about a variety of emotions while researchers gathered sweat samples from them. All of the men were healthy and none of them were drug users or smokers, and all were asked to abstain from drinking or eating smelly foods during the study period. 

Those sweat samples were then given to 36 equally healthy young women to smell, while researchers monitored their reactions. Only women were selected to smell the samples, apparently because previous research has shown that women have a better sense of smell than men and are also more sensitive to emotional signaling—though it's unclear why only men were chosen to produce the scents. 

Researchers found that the behavior of the women after smelling the scents—particularly their facial expressions—indicated a relationship between the emotional states of the men who produced the sweat and the women who sniffed them. 

“Human sweat produced when a person is happy brings about a state similar to happiness in somebody who breathes this smell,” said study co-author Gun Semin, a professor at Koc University in Turkey.

This is a fascinating finding because it not only means that happiness does have a scent, but that the scent is capable of transmitting the emotion to others. The study also found that other emotions, such as fear, seem to carry a scent too. This ensures previous research suggesting that some negative emotions have a smell, but it is the first time this has proved to be true of positive feelings.

Researchers have yet to isolate(分离) exactly what the chemical compound for the happiness smell is, but you might imagine what the potential applications for such a finding could be. Happiness perfumes, for instance, could be invented. Scent therapies(香味疗法)could also be developed to help people through depression or anxiety.

Perhaps the most surprising result of the study, however, is our broadened understanding of how emotions get communicated, and also how our own emotions are potentially managed through our social context and the emotional states of those around us. 

1.What is the main finding of the new research?

A. Pleasant feelings can be smelt out.

B. Negative emotions have a smell.

C. Men produce more sweats.

D. Women have a better sense of smell.

2.The underlined part “abstain from” in Paragraph 3 probably means _________.

A. continue           B. practice       C. avoid       D. try

3.What is the application value of the new research?

A. Perfumes could help people understand each other.

B. Some smells could be created to improve our appearance.

C. Perfumes could be produced to cure physical diseases.

D. Some smells could be developed to better our mood.

4. We can learn from the last paragraph that        .

A. happiness comes from a scent of sweat

B. social surroundings can influence our emotions

C. people need more emotional communication

D. positive energy can deepen understanding   

 

How can we reduce the risk?

    There are four general approaches to dealing with volcanic dangers. We can try to keep the danger from occurring - often an impossible task. We can try to change its path or reduce its impact on existing development. We can take steps to protect future development. We can also do our best to have disaster response plans in place before they are needed.

Removing the Threat

    Clearly, there is no way to stop an eruption. We can, however, attempt to reduce the eruption’s effects by strengthening structures, for example, building protective works such as walls to make lava(熔岩) flow away from developed areas. Such efforts can be and have been successful, but are of limited use in a large-scale eruption.

Planning for the Future

    Protecting future development from volcanic dangers is a simple task. Before building houses, we should judge the risk. If the risk seems too great, a safer location should be found. This type of planning is very effective, but all too often, people are drawn to the lush(葱郁的),rolling land of a quiet volcano.

Disaster Preparedness

    When a volcano comes to life, a few weeks may not be enough time to avoid a tragedy. Planning is the key to saving lives. Well before the warning signs occur, people must be educated about volcanic dangers. Escape plans must be in place. Communication between scientists, officials, the media, and the general public should be practiced. Emergency measures must be thought out and agreed upon.

If you doubt the importance of these efforts, take another look at past volcanic tragedies, such as the eruption of Nevado del Ruiz. Communication failures left the town of Armero unprepared for escape. When a deadly mudflow came down the slope(斜坡), 21,000 people--90 percent of the town’s people--died.

1.The passage is intended for ________.

A. the general public      B. architects

C. adventurers             D. geographers

2.When building houses, people tend to ________.

A. judge volcanic dangers carefully

B. take volcanic dangers seriously

C. live near a quiet volcano

D. find a safer place far away from a volcano

3.The writer mentioned Nevado del Ruiz to prove ________.

A. The failure to keep volcanic dangers from happening

B. The importance of preparing for a volcanic eruption

C. The bravery of the people in Armero Town

D. The uncertainty of volcano’s damage

 

请你写一篇文章,介绍我校为学生创立的校刊 “Xinghai Stones”,并谈谈自己的感想。内容包括:

1.开设目的:缓解压力,确保健康。 

2.校刊优势:专业的心理指导 。

3.校刊内容:专业的建议,学生的心声, 你的感想。

注意:1.字数100 左右。

2.开头已给,不计入总数。

Our school has set up a school magazine called “Xinghai Stones” for us students.

 

假定英语课上老师要求同桌之间交换修改作文,请你修改你同桌写的以下作文。作文中共有10处语言错误,每句中最多有两处。每处错误仅涉及一个单词的增加、删除或修改。

增加:在缺词处加一个漏字符号(∧),并在其下面写出该加的词。 

删除:把多余的词用斜线〔\〕划掉。

修改:在错的词下划一横线,并在该词下面写出修改后的词。

注意:1.每处错误及其修改均仅限一词;

  2.只允许修改10处,多者(从第11处起)不计分。

Yesterday our club held an English speech contest, which theme was “Challenge Myself”. A large number of students attended to the contest and showed their wonderful performances. In the stage, though face great pressure, the speakers bravely overcame it and challenged them to achieve great success. Moreover, they impressed us deep with their unusual confidences and performances.

Through such activity, we know a lot more about our students but we have gained much, such as self-confidence and bravery. Besides, our club was growing stronger.

 

 

阅读下面材料,在空白处填入适当的内容(1个单词)或括号内单词的正确形式(不超过3个单词)。

Once a group of 50 people was attending a seminar. Halfway  1. his talk, the speaker stopped and decided 2.(create) a group activity. He went around the hall and gave each person a balloon. Each one was asked to write his or her name on the balloon3.(use) a marker pen. Then all the balloons  4.(collect) and put in another room.

  The speaker then led the group to the room full of balloons and asked them to find the balloon that had their name  5. (write) on within five minutes.  Everyone was 6. (hurry) searching for their name, bumping into each other, pushing each other around. It was chaos. At the end of the five minutes no one could find their own balloon.

Now each person was asked to randomly collect 7. balloon and give it to the person whose name was on it. Within two minutes everyone had their own balloon. When everyone quieted down, the speaker began to talk, saying that this is exactly 8.was happening in our lives.

  We may like to think of 9.(us) more important than others, but our happiness sometimes lies in the happiness of other people. Give them their happiness 10. you will get your own happiness.

 

阅读下面短文,从短文后各题所给四个选项(A、B、C和D)中,选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑

Value Now No Longer Missed

John, a famous musician, took his priceless antique zither(齐特琴)and played it in the crowded subway station. The music emanating from the zither was delicately streaming     the whole station. However, during the one-hour play, only six or seven people were truly     the charming music. John only got 52 dollars for his work that day.

However, in normal days, when John is about to hold a     , one ticket can be sold at more than 100 dollars and it is extremely      to buy a ticket even at such a high price. Therefore, later, many passers-by in the station that day felt deeply      for not recognizing the famous musician and missing such a valuable but     music feast.

I have a very     friend who had totally changed after knowing that his wife     an acute illness. He cooked by himself for the family and took a walk with his wife every day. Nonetheless, his wife still did not manage to     the illness and passed away after three months. After that, he often sighed      that due to his past busy life, he had missed a lot of beautiful time with his wife. But now, it is     to make up for it.

It is no use crying over spilt milk. We have     a lot of precious things in our life without knowing how to      them. Actually, I also missed something      before. The reason is simple: we had thought that we could still own them tomorrow.

Nevertheless, tomorrow is actually     reliable. There was a famous Buddhist monk saying that in many people’s lives, they have only done two things: waiting and      . The result is that they were always too late to cherish        they had before they lost it. We would often claim to do something when we      , or when we have money or when we become old, etc. However, when we reach the     , we could no longer realize our     , because we have lost it by then.

1.A. beforeB. throughoutC. aboveD. for

2.A. appreciating   B. listeningC. creating  D. discussing

3.A. meetingB. partyC. debateD. concert

4.A. easyB. convenientC. possibleD. difficult

5.A. excitedB. disappointedC. regretfulD. worried

6.A. specialB. cheapC. deliciousD. wonderful

7.A. lazyB. socialC. busyD. optimistic

8.A. put up withB. came down withC. came up withD. end up with

9.A. cureB. diagnoseC. attackD. conquer

10.A. miserably    B. helplessly    C. deliberatelyD. slightly

11.A. necessaryB. absoluteC. impossibleD. beneficial

12.A. missedB. madeC. inventedD. contributed

13.A. valueB. applyC. conserveD. convey

14.A. importantB. preciousC. positiveD. negative

15.A. to some degreeB. on the wayC. at all timesD. by no means

16.A. regrettingB. rewardingC. demandingD. expecting

17.A. whichB. thatC. whatD. when

18.A. get upB. set upC. grow upD. make up

19.A. goalB. conditionC. agreementD. destination

20.A. dangerB. mistakeC. purposeD. wish

 

 

根据短文内容,从短文后的选项中选出能填入空白处的最佳选项。选项中有两项为多余选项。

1. We achieve it actively by direct experience, by testing and proving an idea, or by reasoning. We achieve knowledge passively by being told by someone else. Most of the learning that takes place in the classroom and the kind that happens when we watch TV or read newspapers or magazines is passive. Conditioned as we are to passive learning, it’s not surprising that we depend on it in our everyday communication with friends and co-workers.  2. It makes us tend to accept what we are told even when it is little more than hearsay and rumor.

Did you ever play the game Rumor? It begins when one person writes down a message but doesn’t show it to anyone. Then the person whispers it, word for word, to another person. That person, in turn, whispers it to still another, and so on, through all the people playing the game. The last person writes down the message word for word as he or she hears it. Then the two written statements are compared. 3.

4.  The simple fact that people repeat a story in their own words changes the story. Then, too, most people listen imperfectly. And many enjoy adding their own creative touch to a story, trying to improve on it, stamping it with their own personal style. Yet those who hear it think they know.

5. A statement of opinion by one writer may be restated as a fact by another, who may in turn be quoted by yet another; and this process may continue, unless it occurs to someone to question the facts on which the original writer based his opinion or to challenge the interpretation he placed upon those facts.

A. Typically, the original message has changed.

B. Finally everybody gets the meaning.

C. Unfortunately, passive learning has a serious problem.

D. Knowledge is passed down from generation to generation.

E. That’s what happens in daily life.

F. This process is also found among scholars and authors.

G. We can achieve knowledge either actively or passively.

 

 

In summer, millions of people will head for the beach.And while the ocean can be a great place to swim and play, it may also be useful in another way. Some scientists think that waves could help make electricity.

“Have you ever been on a surfboard or boat and felt yourself being lifted up by a wave? Or have you jumped in the water and felt the energy as waves crashed over you?” asked Jamie Taylor of the Wave Energy Group at the University of Edinburgh in Scotland.“There is certainly a lot of energy in waves.”

Scientists are working on using that energy to make electricity.Most waves are created when winds blow across the ocean.“The winds start out by making little ripples (波纹) in the water, but if they keep on blowing , those ripples get bigger and bigger and turn into waves, ” Taylor said.“Waves are one of nature’s ways of picking up energy and then sending it off on a journey.”

When waves come towards the shore, people can set up dams or other barricades to block the water and send it through a large wheel called a turbine (涡轮) .The turbine can then power an electrical generator (发电机) .

The United States and a few other countries have started doing research on wave energy , and it is already being used in Scotland.

The resource is huge.We will never run out of wave power, besides, wave energy does not create the same pollution as other energy sources, such as oil and coal.

Oceans cover three quarters of the earth’s surface.That would make wave power seem perfect for creating energy around the world.There are some drawbacks, however.

Jamie Taylor said that wave power still cost too much money.He said that its effects on animals in the sea were still unknown.Plus, wave power would get in the way of fishing and boat traffic.

With more research, however, “many of these problems might be overcome,” Taylor said.“Demand for energy to power our TVs and computers, drive our cars, and heat and cool our homes is growing quickly throughout the world.Finding more energy sources is very important, for traditional sources of energy like oil and gas may run out some day.”

In the future, when you turn on a light switch, an ocean wave could be providing the electricity!

1.Which of the following is NOT true? 

A.Wave power costs too much money.

B.Wave energy creates the same amount of pollution as other energy sources.

C.Wave power affects fishing and boat traffic.

D.Wave power may affect marine animals.

2.We can infer from the passage that ______.

A.finding new energy sources like wave energy is important

B.wave energy is a resource that will never run out and is used all over the world

C.wave power is perfect for creating energy around the world

D.wave power doesn’t create any pollution

3.The underlined word “drawbacks” in the seventh paragraph probably means______. 

A.regrets               B.adventures

C.disadvantages         D.difficulties

4.What can be the best title for the passage?

A.How to Get Electricity by Waves.

B.A Huge Resource of Energy.

C.Can Waves Make Electricity?

D.The Disadvantages of Wave Energy.

 

 

We live in a culture that sends out very mixed messages about mistakes: We're told we learn by making them, but we work hard to avoid them. So the result is that most of us know that we are going to make mistakes, but deep down, we feel we shouldn't.

Experiments with schoolchildren who did well on a given test show that those who were praised for being smart and then offered a more challenging or less challenging task afterward usually chose the easier one. On the other hand, children praised for trying hard— rather than being smart—far more often selected the more difficult task.

If we try hard to avoid mistakes, we aren't open to getting the information we need in order to do better. In a writing study, experiments showed that those who are so scared to make mistakes perform worse in writing tasks than those who aren't as worried about being perfect. They fear receiving any kind of negative feedback, so they don't learn where they went wrong and how to get better.

We don't just learn more when we're open to mistakes, we learn deeper. Research tells us that if we're only concerned about getting the right answer, we don't always learn the underlying concepts that help us truly understand whatever we're trying to figure out. Mistakes need to be seen not as a failure to learn, but as a guide to what still needs to be learned. As Thomas Edison said, “I am not discouraged, because every abandoned wrong attempt is another step forward."

Furthermore, we often make mistakes because we try new things—we wander away from accepted paths. Teflon, penicillin—these are examples of great discoveries made by mistake. Take a page from Albert Einstein, who said, "Anyone who has never made a mistake has never tried anything new. "

1. What will happen to students praised for being smart in face of choosing tasks compared to students praised for working hard?

A. He will ask his teachers for advice.

B. He will hide his mistakes from his teachers.

C. He will work harder to avoid mistakes.

D. He will choose a less challenging task.

2.Which of the following statements is NOT acceptable according to the passage?

A. The more mistakes we make, the more we learn.

B. Mistakes can be used as a positive factor for success.

C. Being open to mistakes help you understand the truth.

D. A step forward may come from mistakes you've made.

3. What does the last paragraph want to tell us?

A. One must follow a correct path to avoid mistakes.

B. To become an Einstein, you should make mistakes.

C. Making mistakes is not a disadvantage in a way.

D. You can't make mistakes unless you try new things.

4. What's the main idea of the passage?

A. We can never avoid making mistakes when we work.

B. Success can't be achieved without making mistakes.

C. Try every means to avoid mistakes in our daily life.

D. Mistakes should be treated with a correct attitude.

 

 

“Now stretch(伸展) over your right leg!” my dance teacher yells over the music. “If it doesn't hurt, you're not trying hard enough. Hold that stretch for 30 seconds!" My dance teacher works hard to form us into the dancers we desire to be. In order for this to occur, we stretch hard a lot!

  Dancing is a real passion of many people, including me. I work hard to make myself better, and prove that I am good enough. Performing a dance routine is more than just a  performance. Dancers tell stories when they dance. It is a way for us to express our personal feelings. Just letting go and letting your body move with the music can create your emotions. Dance tells us things that our mind secretly hides.

“Get up and do it again!  You need to keep your spirits up!” Even though I am completely worn out after my dances, I love to hear those words. It gives me a sense of relief knowing that I can again express my feelings out on the floor.

“Practice makes perfect! Come on. We have a competition this weekend, and we need to work harder!” Competitions are the best possible example of fun. For a dancer, life cannot get better than competitions. The thrill of losing yourself onstage is a rush of energy rushing through your body! The feeling is unexplainable. As you sit there putting on your makeup, fixing your hair, and putting on your costume, the rush just gradually grows until it is ready to be released onstage.

  Finally the time comes to tell your story. Standing backstage waiting for your name to be called is one of the scariest moments. You are ready to show the world what you are capable of and what you have been perfecting for a while. Once your number is called, you walk out onstage. The applause at the end tells each dancer that their story has been received, and that the dance has been brought to life.

1. What does the author's dance teacher require her to do during the dance class?

Build up her confidence.

. Keep encouraged and cheerful.

C. Train her body to the fullest.

D. Understand the music.

2.How does the author understand dancing according to the text?

A. It is a good way to release stress.

B. It takes talent, confidence and patience to dance well.

C. It is no more than a performance with our bodies.

D. It is a way to show our personal emotions.

3.As far as the author is concerned, a dance competition means____

A. an improvement in her life.

B. an opportunity to have fun.

C. a reflection of her perfect thoughts.

D. a way to experience the scariest moment

4.What would be the best title for the text?

A. Bringing dance to life  B. Training for competitions

C. Dancers' special feelingsD. Encouragement from my teacher

 

 

Growing roses is quite a difficult task without knowing the right way. If you are attracted by the beauty of roses and need some tips for growing them, read on for some tips about taking care of rose plants.

● You have to buy a good plant, preferably around two years old.

● While most rose plants can tolerate around six hours of sunlight every day, some varieties need eight hours of sunlight exposure. The shade-loving roses need only four hours of sunlight.

● You will have to soak(浸泡) the roots overnight, before planting. If you plant it in a container, then the watering should be done daily, whereas garden roses need water once or twice a week.

● The next point is the application of fertilizers(肥料), which is mainly needed by rose plants in containers. Most of the varieties do not need fertilizers, as they can feed on the nutrients that exist in the soil. There is no need of fertilization during November and December, and the frequency of fertilization can be reduced during the summers, especially after April. It can be restarted in September and has to be increased during the growing periods.

● Cutting the stems promotes the growth of the plant and also aids flowering. It should be done regularly to remove dead or diseased leaves and stems.

Rose plants can be successfully grown by beginners too! With some care and consideration, all your efforts would definitely be worth it once you smell the fragrance of beautiful roses. 

1. You can put shade-loving roses in the sun as long as ______.

A. 2 hours   B. 4 hours   C. 6 hours   D. 8 hours

2.You should stop fertilizing rose plants in _______.

A. June  B. April  C. November D. September

3.To grow a rose in a garden, you should _______.

A. prevent cutting the stems

B. water the plant every day

C. avoid removing the diseased leaves

D. make the roots soaked for a night before planting

 

假定你是红星中学将要毕业的高三学生李华,想去香港大学(Hong Kong University)学习,因此你打算给该校写一封电子邮件,就一些相关事宜进行咨询。

1.你对环境科学(Environmental Science)很感兴趣,如何才能够被该学校录取;

2.是否需要参加英语考试;

3.该校的奖学金、学费、食宿安排和生活费用等情况怎样。

注意:参考词汇:奖学金scholarship          食宿accommodation

1.词数100左右;

2.文章的开头和结尾已给出,不计人总词数;

3.可适当增加细节,以使行文连贯。

Dear Sir or Madam,

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

I’m looking forward to hearing from you soon.

                                                    Yours sincerely,

Li Hua 

 

假定英语课上老师要求同桌之间交换修改作文,请你修改你同桌写的以下作文。文中共有10处语言错误,每句中最多有两处。每处错误仅涉及一个单词的增加,删除或修改。

增加:在缺词处加一个漏字符号(∧),并在其下面写出该加的词。

删除:把多余的词用斜线(\)划掉。

修改:在错的词下划一横线,并在该词下面写出修改后的词。

注意:1.每处错误及其修改均仅限一词;

      2.只允许修改10处,多者(从第11处起)不计分。

Keeping a diary in English is the effective way to improve our English writing ability.

First, it takes little time to finish a diary than other writings.By keeping English diaries, we can easy form the habit of thinking about in English.

Second, we can practice use English idioms and useful structures in our diary-writing.If we have difficulty finding suitable words or phrases to express our opinion, we can turn in English dictionaries or teacher for help.This is also a kind of learning.If we can keep on doing this, we would gradually learn how express ourselves in English freely.

In a word, it was of great benefit to keep diaries in English.

 

阅读下面材料,在空白处填入适当的内容(1个单词)或括号内单词的正确形式。

Facebook CEO Zuckerberg just had a baby girl named Max, and to honor the occasion, he’s giving away the majority of his wealth.In the letter   1. (write) by Zuckerberg and his wife, Priscilla Chan, to   2. (they) new baby girl, he announced the birth of his first child and the 3.  (create) of the Chan Zuckerberg Fund,    4.  will focus on curing disease, connecting people and   5. (build) strong communities.

“For your generation to live in   6. better world, there is so much more our generation can do,” Zuckerberg wrote.“Today your mother and I are committing to spend our lives doing our small part to help solve these challenges.” The couple   7. (donate) nearly all of their Facebook stock to the cause.“We will give 99% of our Facebook shares currently about $45 billion to advance this    8. (value) mission,” he wrote.“We know this is a small contribution compared 9.  all the resources and talents already working on these issues.But we want to do   10.  we can, working along with many others.

 

阅读下面短文,从短文后各题所给的四个选项(A、B、C和D)中选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。

I work as a volunteer for an organization that helps the poor in Haiti.Recently I took my son Barrett there for a week, hoping to     him.

Before setting out, I told Barrett this trip would be tiring and  .For the first two days, he said almost nothing.I worried the trip was too     for a 17-year-old.Then, on day three, as we were     over high rocky mountains, he turned to me and grinned(咧嘴笑),“Pretty hard.”

After that there was no turning back.A five-year-old girl, wearing a dress several sizes     large and broken shoes, followed Barrett around, mesmerized(着迷).He couldn’t stop   .Later he said   , “I wish I could speak French.” I was   this from a boy who hated and    French classes throughout school.

Usually silent, he     Gaby, our host, and kept asking questions about the country and its people.He blossomed(活泼起来).

    , the moment that really took   breath away occurred in a village deep in the mountains.I was   a woman villager for an article.135 centimeters tall, she was small in figure but strong in   .Through determination, she had learned to read and write, and   to become part of the leadership of the  

Learning her story, Barrett was as   as I by this tiny woman’s achievements.His eyes were wet and there was a    of love and respect on his face.He had finally understood the importance of my work.

When leaving for home, Barrett even offered to stay as a volunteer.My insides suddenly felt struck.This achieved all I’d expected.Soon he will celebrate his 18th birthday.He’ll be a man.

1.A.comfort   B.please   C.attract       D.educate

2.A.rough         B.dangerous   C.troublesome      D.violent

3.A.little           B.much    C.fast             D.slow

4.A.moving         B.running   C.climbing         D.looking

5.A.too            B.very    C.even            D.so

6.A.joking           B.crying         C.shouting         D.smiling

7.A.patiently        B.regretfully   C.lightly          D.cheerfully

8.A.ashamed        B.disappointed    C.determined       D.surprised

9.A.took up        B.went in for  C.fought against   D.called off

10.A.befriended       B.disregarded  C.avoided         D.recognized

11.A.Thus          B.Even    C.Meanwhile     D.However

12.A.our            B.his            C.my            D.her

13.A.asking          B.interviewing  C.arranging        D.describing

14.A.brain          B.wish    C.will            D.health

15.A.appeared         B.struggled       C.hesitated        D.failed

16.A.village         B.city           C.organization     D.state

17.A.pleased         B.bored          C.touched        D.puzzled

18.A.combination    B.composition    C.connection      D.satisfaction

19.A.in             B.behind         C.out            D.away

20.A.interview   B.flight    C.article   D.trip

 

根据短文内容,从短文后的选项中选出能填入空白处的最佳选项。选项中有两项为多余选项。

Many people think of guys as being carefree when it comes to their appearance.But in fact, a lot of guys spend plenty of time in front of the mirror.They care just as much as girls do about their body image.

Body image is a person’s opinions and feelings about his or her own body and physical appearance.  1. You appreciate your body for its capabilities and accept its imperfections.

  2.  Here are some ideas.

Recognize your strengths.Different body types are good for different things.What does your body do well? Maybe your speed, strength, or coordination(协调) makes you better than others at a certain sport.That may be basketball, table tennis, mountain biking, dancing or even running.Or perhaps you have non-sports skills, like drawing, painting, singing, playing a musical instrument, writing, or acting. 3. 

Exercise regularly.Exercise can help you look good and feel good about yourself.Good figures don’t just happen.   4. A healthy habit can be as simple as exercising 20 minutes to 1 hour three days a week.Working out can also lift your spirits.

Respect your body.Practicing good habits-regular showering; taking care of your teeth, hair, and skin; wearing clean clothes, and so on-can help you build a positive body image.

5.  Your body is just one part of who you are.Your talent for comedy, a quick wit, and all the other things make you unique.So try not to let small imperfections take over.

A.Be yourself.

B.Just explore talents that you feel good about.

C.What can you do to develop a positive body image? 

D.Use this as an opportunity to discover what you are good at.

E.They take hard work, regular workouts and a healthy diet.

F.The good news is that self-image and body image can be changed.

G.Having a positive body image means feeling satisfied with the way you look.

 

In ancient Egypt, the pharaoh(法老)treated the poor message runner like a prince when he arrived at the palace, if he brought good news.However, if the exhausted runner had the misfortune to bring the pharaoh unhappy news, his head was cut off.

Shades of that spirit spread over today’s conversations.Once a friend and I packed up some peanut butter and sandwiches for an outing.As we walked light-heartedly out the door, picnic basket in hand, a smiling neighbor looked up at the sky and said, “Oh boy, bad day for a picnic.The weatherman says it’s going to rain.” I wanted to strike him on the face with the peanut butter and sandwiches.Not for his stupid weather report, for his smile!

   Several months ago I was racing to catch a bus.As I breathlessly put my handful of cash across the Greyhound counter, the sales agent said with a broad smile, “Oh that bus left five minutes ago.” Dreams of head-cutting

  It’s not the news that makes someone angry.It’s the unsympathetic attitude with which it’s delivered.Everyone must give bad news from time to time, and winning professionals do it with the proper attitude.A doctor advising a patient that she needs an operation does it in a caring way.A boss informing an employee he didn’t get the job takes on a sympathetic tone.Big winners know, when delivering any bad news, they should share the feeling of the receiver.

Unfortunately, many people are not aware of this.When you’re tired from a long flight, has a hotel clerk cheerfully said that your room isn’t ready yet? When you had your heart set on the toast beef, has your waiter merrily told you that he just served the last piece? It makes you as traveler or diner want to land your fist right on their unsympathetic faces.

  Had my neighbor told me of the upcoming rainstorm with sympathy, I would have appreciated his warming. Had the Greyhound salesclerk sympathetically informed me that my bus had already left, I probably would have said, Oh, that’s all right.I’ll catch the next one.” Big winners, when they bear bad news ,deliver bombs with the emotion the bombarded(被轰炸的)person is sure to have.

1.In Paragraph 1,the writer tells the story of the pharaoh to ____.

A.make a comparison             B.introduce a topic

C.describe a scene               D.offer an argument

2.In the writer’s opinion, his neighbor was ___.

A.friendly               B.warm-hearted 

C.not considerate       D.not helpful

3.From “Dreams of head-cutting!” in Paragraph3, we learn that the writer___.

A.was mad at the sales agent

B.was reminded of the cruel pharaoh

C.wished that the sales agent would have had dreams

D.dreamed of cutting the sales agent’s head that night.

4.What is the main idea of the text?

A.Delivering bad news properly is important in communication.

B.Helping others sincerely is the key to business success.

C.Receiving bad news requires great courage.

D.Learning ancient traditions can be useful.

 

The Diet Zone: A Dangerous Place

Diet Coke, diet Pepsi, diet pills, no-fat diet, vegetable diet… We are surrounded by the word “diet” everywhere we look and listen.We have so easily been attracted by the promise and potential of diet products that we have stopped thinking about what diet products are doing to us.We are paying for products that harm us psychologically and physically.

   Diet products significantly weaken us psychologically.On one level, we are not allowing our brain to admit that our weight problems lie not in actually losing the weight, but in controlling the consumption of fatty, high-calorie, unhealthy foods.Diet products allow us to jump over the thinking stage and go straight for the scale(秤)instead.All we have to do is to swallow or recognize the word “diet” in food labels.

   On another level, diet products have greater psychological effects.Every time we have a zero-calorie drink, we are telling ourselves without our awareness that we don’t have to work to get results.Diet products make people believe that gain comes without pain, and that life can be without resistance and struggle.

   The danger of diet products lies not only in the psychological effects they have on us, but also in the physical harm that they cause.Diet foods can indirectly harm our bodies because consuming them instead of healthy foods means we are preventing our bodies from having basic nutrients.Diet foods and diet pills contain zero calorie only because the diet industry has created chemicals to produce these wonder products.Diet products may not be nutritional, and the chemical that go into diet products are potentially dangerous.

   Now that we are aware of the effects that diet products have on us, it is time to seriously think about buying them.Losing weight lies in the power of minds, not in the power of chemicals.Once we realize this, we will be much better able to resist diet products, and therefore prevent the psychological and physical harm that comes from using them.

1.From Paragraph 1, we learn that ________.

A.diet products fail to bring out people’s potential

B.people have difficulty in choosing diet products

C.diet products are misleading people

D.people are fed up with diet products

2.One psychological effect of diet products is that people tend to _____.

A.try out a variety of diet foods

B.hesitate before they enjoy diet foods

C.pay attention to their own eating habits

D.watch their weight rather than their diet

3.In Paragraph 3, “gain comes without pain” probably means ______.

A.losing weight is effortless

B.it costs a lot to lose weight

C.diet products bring no pain

D.diet products are free from calories

4.Diet products indirectly harm people physically because such products ______.

A.are over-consumed

B.lack basic nutrients

C.are short of chemicals

D.provide too much energy

 

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