假定英语课上老师要求同桌之间交换修改作文,请你修改你同桌写的以下作文。文中共有10处语言错误,每句中最多有两处。每处错误仅涉及一个单词的增加、删除或修改。

增加:在缺词处加一个漏字符号(),并在其下面写出该加的词。

删除:把多余的词用斜线(\)划掉。

修改:在错的词下划一条横线,并在该词下面写出修改后的词。

注意:1. 每处错误及其修改均仅限一词。

2. 只允许修改10处,多者(从第11处起)不计分。

As is known to we all, America’s national pastime is baseball. It has played in the country since the first settlers arrive. It was a national ball what was liked by many Americans at that time. Although baseball possibly developed from an English game, it is now thought of like an American sport. From the Little League to the Major League, player of all skill levels enjoy testing their power on the “ Field of Dreams”. Famous players, exciting music but the standard stadium food of hot dogs, popcorns and peanuts are popularly among Americans. In a fact, Americans make go to the baseball game a favorite summer outing for many Americans nowadays.

 

Though quite 1. few Chinese students say that their knowledge of English grammar is good, 2. most would admit that their oral English is poor.

Whenever I speak to Chinese students, they always say, “My oral English is poor.” 3., their oral English does not have to remain “poor” ! I would like to suggest that there may be some 4. (reason) for the problems with their 5. (speak) English. First, they fail to find suitable words to express 6. (they) due to a limited vocabulary. Second, they are afraid of making mistakes. The 7. (three) reason is that not enough attention 8. (pay)to listening.

If you don’t use your English beyond the classroom,you will forget 9. you know. Remember: USE IT OR LOSE IT! You can learn how to speak English better 10. speaking English more.

 

It was August 2nd, 1927. The news had spread ______ .

A man named Craig Pierce was coming to the city of Bristol. He wanted to make recordings of local people singing and playing musical instruments. And he said he would ____ fifty dollars for each song recorded. That was a huge ____ in those days. Many people came to Bristol that day to ____ for Mr. Pierce. But one group seemed to have just the sound that he was ____.  They were a man named A.P. Carter,his wife Sara,and her cousin Maybelle. They ____ themselves the Carter Family.

Their first recordings were sent to _____ throughout the United States. Many listeners were ___ at what they heard. Instead of classical or jazz songs that radio stations usually played,a new ___ was born.  The Carter Family sounded ____ . They did not sound ____ they had taken music lessons. But it did not matter. The people in poor rural areas thought they sounded just like their ____ .

The Carters sang songs about living in the mountains of Virginia,Tennessee,and North Carolina. They sang about the _____ of a young man for a special girl. They sang about the beauty of nature. They sang about death and sadness. And they sang religious songs that told of the hope for a(an)  ____  life after death.

A.P. Carter sang in the group and also searched for ____ songs. He often traveled long ____ to small towns in the southeastern United States. He wanted to hear the songs that ____ people sang in their communities. He wrote down the words but kept the music in his ____. When he returned home, he helped Sara and Maybelle fit them to the Carter Family musical ____. The Carter Family soon became popular. Within three years, the Carter Family sold 300,000 recordings.

Life is like a stage, on which gold will _____.

1.A. wide    B. fast    C. well    D. short

2.A. bring    B. take    C. lend    D. pay

3.A. sum    B. celebration    C. money    D. instrument

4.A. wait    B. listen    C. play    D. learn

5.A. looking for    B. looking after    C. picking up    D. picking out

6.A. asked    B. called    C. wished    D. showed

7.A. rural areas    B. big cities    C. radio stations    D. families

8.A. surprised    B. good    C. slow    D. annoyed

9.A. story    B. singer    C. song    D. sound

10.A. interesting    B. great    C. appealing    D. different

11.A. in case    B. as if    C. even if    D. as long as

12.A. teachers    B. farmers    C. neighbors    D. owners

13.A. beauty    B. love    C. respect    D. description

14.A. bitter    B. early    C. worse    D. better

15.A. new    B. modern    C. same    D. exact

16.A. directions    B. distances    C. places    D. trains

17.A. talented    B. famous    C. local    D. old

18.A. diary    B. memory    C. songs    D. stories

19.A. style    B. program    C. show    D. concert

20.A. develop    B. distinguish    C. shine    D. change

 

Your teen is falling asleep in class

Teens have a busy morning schedule as they need to wake up and get moving very early in order to catch a bus and get to school by the required time. This means teens need to get their rest the night before or they will be too tired to learn anything at school.  1.

When a teen falls asleep in class, two things happen: he/she misses what is being taught and he/she loses the respect of the teacher. He/She may also receive a consequence from the school, depending on the classroom discipline policy.  2.

To prevent your teen from being sleepy in class, try these three tips:

* Set a time for “lights out” on school nights. This is never be any later than 10 p. m. and preferably 9 p.m.  3. Soft music can be on and used to help calm your teen.

* Help your teen develop a nighttime routine that involves activities that slow them down for the end of the day.  4. Turning off the computer and disconnecting from friends and the excitement of the day an hour before bedtime will also help your teen relax.

* 5.  This will reinforce (增强)what it feels like to be rested and capable of accomplishing what he/she wants.

A. What’s worse, they may even fall asleep in class.

B. Taking a bath and reading are two activities that work well.

C. Set a good example and show him/her your love for learning.

D. Point out the positives after your teen has had a good night’s rest.

E. All of these things affect your teen’s academic success and can be avoided.

F. “Lights out” means the computer, television, lights and cell phone should be off.

G. While your teen keeps his/her goals in line with your expectations, he/she may have his/her own goals.

 

Parents often believe that they have a good relationship with their teenagers. But last summer, Joanna and Henry noticed a change in their older son: suddenly he seemed to be talking far more to his friends than to his parents. “The door to his room is always shut,” Joanns noted.

Tina and Mark noticed similar changes in their 14-year-old daughter. “She used to cuddle up (蜷伏)with me on the sofa and talk,” said Mark. “Now we joke that she does this only when she wants something. Sometimes she wants to be treated like a little girl and sometimes like a young lady. The problem is figuring out which time is which. ”

Before age 11, children like to tell their parents what’s on their minds. “In fact, parents are first on the list.” said Michael Riera, author of Uncommon Sense for Parents with Teenagers. “This completely changes during the teen years.” Riera explained. “They talk to their friends first, then maybe their teachers, and their parents last.”

Parents who know what’s going on in their teenagers’ lives are in the best position to help them. To break down the wall of silence, parents should create chances to understand what their children want to say, and try to find ways to talk and write to them. And they must give their children a mental break, for children also need freedom, though young. Another thing parents should remember is that to be a friend, not a manager, with their children is a better way to know them.

1.“The door to his room is always shut” suggests that the son _______.

A. keeps himself away from his parents

B. doesn’t want to be disturbed

C. is always busy with his studies

D. begins to dislike his parents

2.What troubles Tina and Mark most is that ________.

A. their daughter isn’t as lovely as before

B. they don’t know what to say to their daughter

C. they can’t read their daughter’s mind exactly

D. their daughter talks with them only when she needs help

3.Which of the following best explains “the wall of silence” in the last paragraph?

A. Teenagers talk a lot with their friends.

B. Teenagers do not want to understand their parents.

C. Teenagers talk little about their own lives.

D. Teenagers do not talk much with their parents.

4.What can be learned from the passage?

A. Parents are unhappy with their growing children.

B. Parents should try to understand their teenagers.

C. Parents should be patient with their silent teenagers.

D. Parents have suitable ways to talk with their teenagers.

 

It is said that if you want to stay young, sit down and have a good think. This is the research finding of a team of Japanese doctors, who say that most of our brains are not getting enough exercise — and as a result, we are growing old unnecessarily soon.

Professor Taiju Matsuzawa wanted to find out why otherwise healthy farmers in northern Japan appeared to be losing their ability to think and reason at a relatively early age, and how the process of aging could be slowed down. With a team of colleagues at Tokyo National University, he set about measuring brain volumes of a thousand people of different ages and varying occupations. Computer technology enabled the researchers to obtain precise measurements of the volume of the front and side parts of the brain, which controls functions like eating and breathing, does not contract with age, and one can continue living without intellectual on economical faculties. Contraction of front and side parts — as cells die off — was observed in some subjects in their thirties, but it was still not evident in some sixty-and seventy-year-olds. Matsuzawa concluded from his tests that there is a simple way to the contraction normally connected with age — using the head.

The findings show in general terms that contraction of the brain begins sooner in people in the country than in the town. Those least at risk, says Matsuzawa, are lawyers, followed by university professors and doctors. White collar workers doing routine work in government offices are, however, as likely to have shrinking (萎缩) brains as the farm worker, bus driver and shop assistant.

Matsuzawa's findings show that thinking can prevent the brain from shrinking. Blood must circulate properly in the head to supply the fresh oxygen the brain cells need. “The best way to maintain, good blood circulation is through using the brain.” he says. “Think hard and engage in conversation. Don’t rely on pocket calculators.”

1.The team of doctors wanted to find out ______.

A. the size of certain people's brains

B. how to make people live longer

C. which people are most intelligent

D. why certain people are aging sooner than others.

2.On what are their research findings based?

A. The study of brain volumes of different people.

B. The study of brain volumes of old people.

C. The latest development of computer technology.

D. A survey of farmers in northern old people.

3.The doctors’ tests show that _______.

A. our brains shrink as we grow older

B. the front section of the brain does not shrink

C. sixty-year-olds have better brains than thirty-year-olds

D. some people's brains have contracted more than other people's

4.According to the passage, which people seem to age more slowly than the others?

A. Lawyers.    B. Farmers.

C. Clerks.    D. Shop assistants.

 

Some people may think I’m crazy when I say “work is rest”. But that’s the way it is — we need to rest. Without rest, we will die. At a minimum, we won’t have the energy to work.

Nobody forces us to be so stupid about this. We just don’t know how to rest properly. We rest in ways that are not restful, even stressful. Some of our ways of rest interfere with our working energy. Instead of sleep, we go to the movies and clubs, drink or have a smoke with friends. This is because we misunderstand the meaning of “rest”.

We should remember that rest means not working, both physically and mentally. Only then is it real rest. When tired, rest. It’s simple. Actually, dogs and cats are smarter about this than people. People are stupid enough to rest in ways that destroy their capacity to work.

Rest and work always go together. There must be a balance: work during the day and rest at night. When the sun comes up, one has plenty of strength to work well and enjoy it. In other words, rest is a kind of investment, so that one has the strength and energy to continue working. So we need rest to work, recognizing that we can’t have one without the other. Rest is what recharges our batteries. We need enough time to charge up adequately to the tasks we undertake. Thus, we need to rest correctly; otherwise, illness will occur and also can affect the efficiency of our work.

Rest can’t be skimped. Without enough rest, good work is impossible. This is why we say that rest is another kind of work.

1.Which of the following is the best rest according to this passage?

A. Sleeping at home.

B. Drinking or having a smoke with friends.

C. Going to the movies and clubs.

D. Playing cards with family members.

2.We can know from this passage that _____.

A. dogs and cats are smarter than we human beings

B. rest can make us work more efficiently

C. it’s not proper to sleep in the daytime for people.

D. rest is more important than work for people

3.The underlined word “skimped” in the last paragraph probably means “______”.

A. added    B. connected

C. saved    D. developed

4.What is the best title for the text?

A. How to Form the Habit of Sleeping    B. Why People Need to Rest

C. Sufficient Rest Leads to Success    D. Rest is Another Kind of Work

 

Oxford English Language Center

Information for New Students

CLASS TIME:8:30a. m. —10:00a. m.,10:30a. m. —12:00a. m.,1:30p. m. —3:00p. m..

The Language Center is open Monday to Friday. Each class has one afternoon free per week. On the first day, go to the lecture hall to check your timetable.

SELF—ACCESS:The language laboratory(Room 1110)is open Monday to Friday from 3:15p. m. to 5:00p. m. for all full-time students.

You can learn how to use computers for language games or word-processing. There are tapes for students to borrow to practice their English. Go in and ask the teacher to show you. If you plan to take public examinations, there are dictation and listening comprehension tapes for you to practice with. There are cloze exercises on the computers. Ask your class teacher for a list of past exam essays. Students can borrow tapes to take home but they must be returned after two days.

ATTENDANCE: All students are expected to attend classes as it is required. Students who do not attend classes will be reported to OSS. Eighty percent attendance is required for students to receive their certificates when they finish their courses. It is also required by OSS for an extension to your visa.

BOOKS: If students are given course books, the books are their responsibility. If a book is lost, the student will be expected to pay for it. If students wish to buy books, there is a bookshop in the college specializing in English books(Room 3520.

1.When do classes begin and end on a full day?

A. 8:30a. m. —1:30p. m..    B. 8:30a. m. —3:00p. m..

C. 8:30a. m. —3:15p. m..    D. 3:15p. m. —5:00p. m..

2.Which of the following statements is true?

A. No teachers are in the language lab.

B. 90% attendance is required for the students.

C. Books can’t be taken out of the center.

D. Students can prepare for exams by listening to tapes.

3.The books that the students wish to buy are in ________.

A. the lecture hall    B. the language laboratory

C. Room 1110    D. Room 3520

 

4月23日是“世界读书日”(World Reading Day),假如你是班长,请你起草一份倡仪书,号召全班同学以实际行动迎接“世界读书日”的到来,为创建“书香校园”,多读书、读好书,养成课外读书的好习惯。字数100左右。

倡仪书应包括以下内容:

1.现状( 看电视、上网时间多而读书的时间少)  

2.列举一些阅读的好处  

3.给同学们建议

开头已给,不计入词数。

Good morning! Boys and girls,

As we know, World Reading Day which falls on April 23rd is drawing near. The purpose of the global festival is to promote reading and publishing.

____________________________________________________________________________________________

____________________________________________________________________________________________

____________________________________________________________________________________________

____________________________________________________________________________________________

____________________________________________________________________________________________

____________________________________________________________________________________________

___________________________________________________________________

 

假定英语课上老师要求同桌之间交换修改作文,请你修改你同桌写的以下作文,文中共有5处错误,每句中最多有两处。错误涉及一个单词的增加、删除或修改。

增加:在缺词处加一个漏字符号(∧),并在其下面写出该加的词。

删除:把多余的词用斜线(\)划掉。

修改:在错的词下划一横线,并在该词下面写出修改后的词。

注意:1.每处错误及其修改均仅限一词

2.只允许修改5处,多者(从第6处起)不计分。

If you say the word “communication”, most people think words and sentences. Although these are very important, but we communicate with more than just spoken and writing words. Indeed, body positions are part of that we call “body language”. We see examples of unconscious body language very often, yet there is also “learned” body language, which vary from culture to culture.

 

From 1. early age he was interested in plants. He 2.(study) agriculture in college and as a young teacher he began experiments in crop breeding. He thought that the key to 3.(feed) people was to have more rice and to produce it more quickly. He thought there was only one way 4. do this-by crossing different species of rice plant, and then he could produce a new plant which could give a 5.(high) yield than either of the original plants.

 

I came into the head teacher’s office, where my brother was waiting for me. He was filling out papers for me to ______. He turned to face me and his eyes were red. I knew that something ______ had happened.

“Amanda had a car accident, and now she is in hospital.” he said. I was astonished. How could that happen? Amanda was the ______ driver I knew.

Without a thought in my head, I got out of the school and ______ to the medical center. She was lying on a bed with her ______ covered from the eyebrows up. Nothing could explain my feeling ______ she looked up at me with blood-filled eyes. In her eyes, where I had expected to see ______, I saw strength. She said to me, “I love you, Renee.” I was shamed and speechless realization that I ______ told my sister I loved her.

As the doctors ______ her down the hallway to the X-ray room, I wanted to scream out to her that I loved her, but I couldn’t. I cried with tears of ______.

Everyone kept telling me she would be all right. ______, something in their voices spoke loudly of the doubt that everyone was trying to ______. Finally, the doctor came, “She’s going to be fine.” Great! I knew that the accident could leave a large scar(伤疤) on her head but she was ______, and that’s all that ______ to me.

A year later, I still have a(n) ______, even though we complain about each other. Every time I see her face and the large scar, I remember to tell her that I love her. I almost lost the opportunity to tell her that, and I am thankful I still can.

1.A. hit    B. leave    C. study    D. stay

2.A. unforgettable    B. stupid    C. strange    D. terrible

3.A. fastest    B. safest    C. youngest    D. worst

4.A. jumped    B. flew    C. walked    D. rushed

5.A. head    B. fingers    C. arm    D. back

6.A. after    B. before    C. when    D. until

7.A. excitement    B. amazement    C. fear    D. honesty

8.A. A. frequently    B. rarely    C. directly    D. seriously

9.A. pulled    B. lifted    C. wheeled    D. followed

10.A. carelessness    B. happiness    C. kindness    D. hopelessness

11.A. However    B. Besides    C. Therefore    D. Instead

12.A. raise    B. throw    C. hide    D. remove

13.A. alive    B. confident    C. strong    D. concerned

14.A. occurred    B. mattered    C. struck    D. competed

15.A. brother    B. head teacher    C. interviewer    D. sister

 

How to Survive High School

High school can be terrible phase if you get it all wrong. Find out how to survive high school with a few easy tips.

1. Be Yourself.

High school is a fun time to make new friends, meet new people, date and socialize. Make friends with all kinds of people and not just a group which you are comfortable with. Most peer pressure cases are because of the weak image created by freshmen. 1. Don’t give in to anyone’s wants.

2.2.

Choose your friends carefully and make sure you won’t get influenced by anyone. Socialize, but by judging who you can connect to. You will find friends, but stay away from the ones who don’t want to be your friends as a bad company is tempting, but the good one is true.

3. Be Optimistic.

There is nothing better than having a smile on your face whenever you can. 3. Don’t be afraid to make friends, don’t get aggressive or personal with anyone and treat others the way you want to be treated. Respect your teachers and classmates and try to be helpful if you want the same in return.

4. Be Confident.

When you believe in yourself, others believe in you. Talk, walk and address people confidently and this will create a strong image about you. 4. Be creative and unique and learn to set trends. Confidence is one quality you grow with, and people respect you for that.

5. Love High School.

5. Make the most out of it, and you will never get those moments back. Come up with frank ideas, get a detention, top your class, make the best friends, drink, go to prom, party, but just make as many memories as you can!

With these tips to survive high school, you will surely be proud of graduating as an all-round approaching adult.

A. And always wear your smile

B. Keep Good Company

C. Just be yourself and create a strong self-image

D. Practice positive thinking

E. Do your thing, and don’t imitate others

F. Fall in love with it

G. Study as hard as you can in your spare time

 

China dropped its decades-long, one-child policy last year to allow each family to have two children. This change has put 270 million married women of childbearing age in the position of choosing between family and work. The employers also face big challenges as more female workers will have two maternity leaves(产假) for a total of seven to eight months.

In a survey published by classified advertising website Ganji.com, career women who might be considering having a second child were asked what kinds of pressure they might expect. More than 76 percent of the women who were questioned mentioned concerns about the financial burden of raising two children, while more than 71 percent said it would be difficult to balance career and family. In addition, nearly 56 percent said that having a second child would definitely have a negative effect on their career.

Another survey conducted by Chongqing-based human resources website job.cq.qq.com found that over 70 percent of job seekers believe that having a second child would make females less popular in the job market, although two-thirds of the employers said the policy will make no difference in their employment of staff.

Feng Lijuan, s senior expert on human resources at 51 job.com, a leading Chinese job finding platform, said she would not say “there is prejudice against career women.” Feng said Chinese women shoulder more family responsibility. “It is not only about maternity leave; a female employee might only fully get back to work after three to five years after having her first child.”

Wang Yixin, a senior employment adviser, said the positive side is that more companies are trying to attract more talents by providing support to career women. “Different from before, it is not only employers choosing employees. Many talents, including professional career women, also choose employers.” said Wang. “According to our survey, many large companies are very open to their employees’ choice of having a second child.”

1.Women employees take longer time to concentrate on work after childbirth because     .

A. there is more prejudice against career women

B. they have longer maternity leaves to enjoy

C. they shoulder more family responsibility

D. having a second child makes them less popular

2.What are women concerned about when having two children in the first survey?

①Financial burden of raising two children

②Fewer opportunities to get a pay rise

③Negative effects on their career

④Difficulty in balancing career and family

A. ①②③    B. ②③④

C. ①②④    D. ①③④

3.Which of the following shows the structure of the whole text?

(P: Paragraph)

A.     B.

C.     D.

4.Which is the best title for the passage?

A. Disadvantages of Raising Two Children

B. Responsibilities of Career Women

C. Effects of Two-child of Policy on Women

D. Attitudes of Employers to Women

5.According to the second survey, having a second child would     .

A. have no effect on career women

B. have a positive effect on career women

C. have a negative effect on career women

D. have both positive and negative effects on career women

 

When I was nine years old, I loved to go fishing with my dad. But the only thing that wasn’t very fun about it was that he could catch many fish while I couldn’t catch anything. I usually got pretty upset and kept asking him why. He always answered, ”Son, if you want to catch a fish, you have to think like a fish.” I remember being even more upset then because, “I’m not a fish!” I didn’t know how to think like a fish. Besides, I reasoned, how could what I think influence what a fish does?

As I got a little older I began to understand what my dad really meant. So, I read some books on fish. And I even joined the local fishing club and started attending the monthly meetings. I learned that a fish is a cold-blooded animal and therefore is very sensitive to water temperature. That is why fish prefer shallow water to deep water because the former is warmer. Besides, water is usually warmer in direct sunlight than in the shade. Yet, fish don’t have any eyelids(眼皮) and the sun hurts their eyes…The more I understood fish, the more I became effective at finding and catching them.

When I grew up and entered the business world, I remember hearing my first boss say, “We all need to think like salespeople.” But it didn’t completely make sense. My dad never once said, “If you want to catch a fish you need to think like a fisherman.” What he said was, “You need to think like a fish.” Years later, with great efforts to promote long-term services to people much older and richer than me, I gradually learned what we all need is to think more like customers. It is not an easy job. I will show you how in the following chapters.

1.Why was the author upset in fishing trips when he was nine?

A. He could not catch a fish

B. His father was not patient with him

C. His father did not teach him fishing

D. He could not influence a fish as his father did

2.What did the author’s father really mean?

A. To read about fish

B. To learn fishing by oneself

C. To understand what fish think

D. To study fishing in many ways

3.According to the author, fish are most likely to be found     .

A. in deep water on sunny days

B. in deep water on cloudy days

C. in shallow water under sunlight

D. in shallow water under waterside trees

4.After entering the business world,the author found     .

A. it easy to think like a customer

B. his father’s fishing advice inspiring

C. his first boss’s sales ideas reasonable

D. it difficult to sell services to poor people

5.This passage most likely comes from     .

A. a fishing guide

B. a popular sales book

C. a novel on childhood

D. a millionaire’s biography

 

Hampton Court Motor Cruiser

16 Hampton Court Road        TEL:208-977-1728

Hampton Court Motor Cruiser is a boat docked on the River Thames. Facilities(设施) include heating, Smart TV and Wi-Fi. The price per stay also includes the free use of a 4-seat electric boat and barbecue facilities. There is no staff at all on board during your stay.

Hilton London Green Park

4-6 Half Moon Street        TEL:207-629-7522

Hilton London Green Park stays in the heart of London. It features modern rooms with air conditioning. Wi-Fi is available in public areas and is free of charge. There is also a cocktail bar on site. All children are welcome.

Arbor City

12 Osborn Street            TEL:207-247-3313

Arbor City Hotel is just next to the Whitechapel Art Gallery. It offers free Wi-Fi and 24-hour room service. Air-conditioned rooms feature a TV, a safe and a shower. Parking is available on site and costs GBP 24 per day. For an additional charge, the hotel offers various breakfast options: English breakfast, Continental breakfast, Vegan and Dairy-free breakfast. The hotel is 10 minutes’ tube ride from the West End.

Abercorn House Hostel

28-0 Bute Gardens            TEL:203-696-0215

Abercorn House Hostel is located just a 3-minute walk from Hammersmith Underground Station, with a 24-hour front desk. Guests can stay in rooms or dormitories fitted with a wardrobe. Some come with a shower, while others offer access to a shared bathroom. They can also use a shared kitchen to prepare their meals. Wi-Fi is available and costs GBP 1 per hour. Non-smoking throughout.

1.Where can guests stay if they have special requirements for breakfast?

A. 28-30 Bute Gardens    B. 12 Osborn Street

C. 4-6 Half Moon Street    D. 16 Hampton Court Road

2.Which of the following can offer a river-view?

A. Arbor City    B. Abercorn House Hostel

C. Hilton London Green Park    D. Hampton Court Motor Cruiser

3.Which number should a couple with a baby and a dog call if they want to book a room?

A. 207-629-7522    B. 208-977-1728

C. 207-247-3313    D. 203-696-0215

4.How is Abercorn House Hostel different from the rest?

A. It has non-smoking rooms

B. It provides rooms with separate kitchens

C. It has air-conditioned rooms

D. It charges Wi-Fi service

5.This passage is     .

A. a notice    B. an announcement

C. an advertisement    D. an invitation

 

假设你叫王蒙,正在参加一个夏令营。为了增进参加者之间的相互了解,夏令营决定组织一次有关自己家乡的征文比赛。请根据下面的提示用英语写一篇短文,介绍自己的家乡,以备参加比赛。词数100词左右。

位置

潍河边

面积

40万平方公里

人口

30万

交通建设

修建了多座立交桥,拓宽了主要街道

环境保护

迁移、改造产生污染的工厂,净化了水源

人才引进

广纳各类专家和技术人才

 

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假定英语课上老师要求同桌之间交换修改作文,请你修改你同桌写的以下作文。文中共有10处语言错误。错误仅涉及一个单词的增加、删除或修改。增加:在缺词处加一个漏字符号∧,并在其下面写出该加的单词。删除:把多余的单词用\划掉。修改:在错的单词下面画一横线,并在该单词下面写出修改后的单词。

注意:1.每处错误及其修改均仅限一词;

2.只允许修改10处,多者(从第11处起)不计分。

The teenage year from 13 to 19 were the most difficult time for me. They were also the best and worse years in my life. At the first, I thought I knew everything but could make decisions by myself. Besides, my parents didn’t seem to think so. They always tell me what to do and how to do it. At one time, I even felt my parents couldn’t understand me so I hoped I could be freely from them. I showed them I was independent by wear strange clothes. Now I am leaving home for college. At last, I will be on their own, but I still want to have my parents to turn whenever I need help.

 

If you want to learn a new language, the very first thing to think about is why. Do you need it for a __________ reason, such as your job or your studies? _________ perhaps you’re interested in the _________ ,films or music of a different country and you know how much it will help to have a _________ of the language.

Most people learn best using a variety of _________, but traditional classes are an ideal(理想的)start for many people. They ________ an environment where you can practice under the ________ of someone who’s good at the language. We all lead ________ lives and learning a language takes _______. You will have more success if you study regularly, so try to develop a ________. It doesn’t matter if you haven’t got long. Becoming fluent in a language will take years, but learning to get by takes _______.

Many people start learning a language and soon give up. “I’m too _______,” they say. Yes, children do learn languages more _______ than adults, but research has shown that you can learn a language at any ________. And learning is good for the health of your brain, too. I’ve also heard people ________ about the mistakes they make when ________. Well, relax and laugh about your mistakes ________ you’re much less likely to make them again.

Learning a new language is never ________. But with some work and devotion, you’ll make progress. And you’ll be _________ by the positive reaction of some people when you say just a few words in ________ own language. Good luck!

1.A. technical    B. political    C. practical    D. physical

2.A. After    B. So    C. Though    D. Or

3.A. literature    B. transport    C. agriculture    D. medicine

4.A. view    B. knowledge    C. form    D. database

5.A. paintings    B. regulations    C. methods    D. computers

6.A. protect    B. change    C. respect    D. provide

7.A. control    B. command    C. guidance    D. pressure

8.A. busy    B. happy    C. simple    D. normal

9.A. courage    B. time    C. energy    D. place

10.A. theory    B. business    C. routine    D. project

11.A. some risks    B. a lot less    C. some notes    D. a lot more

12.A. old    B. nervous    C. weak    D. tired

13.A. closely    B. quickly    C. privately    D. quietly

14.A. age    B. speed    C. distance    D. school

15.A. worry    B. hesitate    C. think    D. quarrel

16.A. singing    B. working    C. bargaining    D. learning

17.A. if    B. and    C. but    D. before

18.A. tiresome    B. hard    C. interesting    D. easy

19.A. blamed    B. amazed    C. interrupted    D. informed

20.A. their    B. his    C. our    D. your

 

For the rest of March,a disease will sweep across the US.It will keep kids home from school.1.Employees will suddenly lose their ability to concentrate.

The disease,known as “March Madness”,refers to the yearly 65-team US men's college basketball tournament (锦标赛).2.Teams compete against each other in a single-elimination (单局淘汰) tournament that eventually crowns a national champion.

Nearly 20 million Americans will find themselves prisoners of basketball festival madness.The fun comes partly from guessing the winners for every game.Friends compete against friends.3. Colleagues against bosses.

Big-name schools are usually favored to advance into the tournament.But each year there are dark horses from little-known universities.

This adds to the madness.Watching a team from a school with 3,000 students beat a team from a school with 30,000,for many Americans,is an exciting experience.Two years ago,the little-known George Mason University was one of the final four teams.4.

College basketball players are not paid,so the game is more about making a name for their university and themselves.5. About $4 billion will be spent gambling (赌) on the event.According to Media Life magazine,the event will bring in $ 500 million in advertising income this year,topping the post -season income of every US professional league,including that of the NBA.

A.Husbands against wives.

B.The players will go all out for the games.

C.But that doesn't mean money isn't involved.

D.College students will ignore piles of homework.

E.People are willing to spend more money on watching it.

F.It begins on March 15 and lasts through the beginning of April.

G.Many people had never even heard of the university before the tournament.

 

Failure is probably the most exhausting experience a person ever has.There is nothing more tiring than not succeeding.

We experience this tiredness in two ways: as start-up fatigue(疲惫) and performance fatigue.In the former case, we keep putting off a task because it has either too boring or too difficult.And the longer we delay it,the more tired we feel.

Such start-up fatigue is very real,even if not actually physical,not something in our muscles and bones.The solution is obvious though perhaps not easy to apply: always handle the most difficult job first.

Years ago,I was asked to write 102 essays on the great ideas of some famous authors.Applying my own rule,I determined to write them in alphabetical(按字母顺序),never letting myself leave out a tough idea.And I always started the day's work with the difficult task of essay-writing.Experience proved that the rule works.

Performance fatigue is more difficult to handle.Though willing to get started,we cannot seem to do the job right. Its difficulties appear so great that,however hard we work,we fail again and again.In such a situation,I work as hard as I can-then let the unconscious take over.

When planning Encyclopaedia Britannica (《大英百科全书》),I had to create a table of contents based on the topics of its articles.Nothing like this had ever been done before,and day after day I kept coming up with solutions, but none of them worked.My fatigue became almost unbearable.

One day,mentally exhausted,I wrote down all the reasons why this problem could not be solved.I tried to convince myself that the trouble was with the problem itself,not with me.Relived,I sat back in an easy chair and fell asleep.

An hour later,I woke up suddenly with the solution clearly in mind.In the weeks that followed,the solution which had come up in my unconscious mind provided correct at every step.Though I worked as hard as before,I felt no fatigue.Success was now as exciting as failure had been depressing.

Human beings,I believe must try to succeed.Success,then,means never feeling tired.

1.What does the author recommend doing to prevent start-up fatigue?

A. Writing essays in strict order.    B. Building up physical strength.

C. Leaving out the toughest ideas.    D. Dealing with the hardest task first.

2.On what occasion does a person probably suffer from performance fatigue?

A. Before starting a difficult task.    B. When all the solutions fail.

C. If the job is rather boring.    D. After finding a way out.

3.What could be the best title for the passage?

A. Success Is Built upon Failure    B. How to Handle Performance Fatigue

C. Getting over Fatigue: A Way to Success    D. Fatigue: An Early Sign of Health Problems

 

Before discussing different kinds of emotions,let us briefly talk about how researchers measure bodily processes and action or behavior,and how this relates to what we do in our daily lives when we observe emotions in others.

Bodily processes can be directly measured by means of a polygraph.When a polygraph is skillfully used to compare how we react bodily with what we are saying,it is called a “lie detector”.Bodily processes can also be measured indirectly.This is what we do when we observe someone blushing (脸红).However,we are not always aware of what bodily processes respond to.

Measuring action or behavior is the other way researchers assess the emotions.For example,one measure of fear of snakes is how close a person will go to the snake.Another procedure is to have a person tell how afraid he is,or how he feels.In this way,researchers have developed the so-called “fear thermometer” to assess a person's fear.In our everyday living,we do very much the same thing.Only not too systematically,we react to what a person does, what he says,how he says it,and how he looks.Is he smiling? Is his voice trembling? We put all this observations together to infer what a person is feeling.

However,we do not always act as we feel.Sometimes we do things that we don't feel like doing.Sometimes we say we feel one way and then we act another.Actors,for example,successfully learn to “make believe” emotions,or learn to hide them.Thus we cannot always tell what a person is feeling by what he says or by what he does.

1.Which of the following statements is NOT true?

A. We can never tell what a person is feeling.

B. The “fear thermometer” is a way to measure how fearful a person is.

C. Researchers can assess the emotions in some ways.

D. People do not always know what bodily processes they respond to.

2.The underlined word “assess” in the 3rd paragraph is close in meaning to ______.

A. make    B. measure

C. discuss    D. develop

3.The writer uses the example of actors in order to argue that ______.

A. it is rather easy to become successful actors

B. people do not always act as they feel

C. we can never believe what other people say

D. actors are always telling lies

4.The passage is mainly about ______.

A. the way of assessing the emotion

B. the usefulness of a “lie detector”

C. the functioning of different emotions

D. the development of the “fear thermometer”

 

Every man wants his son to be somewhat of a clone,not in features but in footsteps.As he grows you also age, and your ambitions become more unachievable.You begin to realize that your boy,in your footsteps,could probably accomplish what you hoped for.But footsteps can be muddied and they can go off in different directions.

My son Jody has hated school since day one in kindergarten.Science projects waited until the last moment.Book reports weren't written until the final threat.

I've been a newspaperman all my adult life.My daughter is a university graduate working toward her master's degree in English.But Jody? When he entered the tenth grade he became a “vo-tech” student(技校学生).They're called “motorheads” by the rest of the student body.

When a secretary in my office first called him “motorhead”,I was shocked.“Hey,he's a good kid,” I wanted to say.“And smart,really.”

I learned later that motorheads are,indeed,different.They usually have dirty hands and wear dirty work clothes. And they don't often make school honor rolls(光荣榜).

But being the parent of a motorhead is itself an experience in education.We who labor in clean shirts in offices don't have the abilities that motorheads have.I began to learn this when I had my car crashed.The cost to repair it was estimated at $800.“Hey,I can fix it,” said Jody.I doubted it ,but let him go ahead,for I had nothing to lose.

My son ,with other motorheads,fixed the car.They got parts(零件)from a junkyard,non-toasting toaster have been fixed.Neighbours and co-workers trust their car repair to him.

Since that first repair job,a broken air-conditioner,a non-functioning washer and a non-toasting toaster have been fixed.Neighbors and co-workers trust their car repairs to him.

These kids are happiest when doing repairs.They joke and laugh and are living in their own relaxed world.And their minds are bright despite their dirty hands and clothes.

I have learned a lot from my motorhead: publishers need printers,engineers need mechanics,and architects need builders.Most important,I have learned that fathers don't need clones in footsteps or anywhere else.

My son may never make the school honor roll.But he made mine.

1.What used to be the author's hope for his son?

A. To avoid becoming his clone.

B. To resemble him in appearance.

C. To develop in a different direction.

D. To reach the author's unachieved goals.

2.What can we learn about the author's children?

A. His daughter does better in school.

B. His daughter has got a master's degree.

C. His son tried hard to finish homework.

D. His son couldn't write his book reports.

3.The author let his son repair the car because he believed that_______.

A. His son had the ability to fix it.

B. it would save him much time.

C. it wouldn't cause him any more loss

D. other motorheads would come to help.

4.In the author's eyes,motorheads are _______.

A. tidy and hardworking

B. cheerful and smart

C. lazy but bright

D. relaxed but rude

5.What did the author realize in the end?

A. It is unwise to expect your child to follow your path.

B. It is important for one to make the honor roll.

C. Architects play a more important role than builders.

D. Motorheads have greater ability than office workers.

 

NO PLANS FOR THE HOLIDAYS?

Special Story Time for All Lower Primary Pupils

SCHOOL LIBRARY

READING ROOM

June 6,2 p.m---3 p.m,

Mr.Stephen Keene will impress you with stories from his famous New Kids Next Block series.

FREE ADMISSION

LEARN HOW TO PLAY THE GUITAR IN 4 EASY LESSONS!

Venue: Music Room

Time: 9 a.m---12 p.m

Dates: June 6,13,20,27

Instructor: Miss Katsumi from Japan

Fees: $ 40 for 4 lessons *

($ 20 for members of the school band and school choir)

Register with Mrs.Mary Mi,the Choir Mistress,NOW.

*It is compulsory(强制性的) for students who sing up to attend ALL four lessons.

JOIN THE GEOGRAPHY CLUB'S TWILIGHT CRUISE(黄昏巡游)

June 19,5 p.m---8 p.m

·View Singapore's wonderful skyline by night.

·Cruise past Kusu Island and Pulau Tekukor (Dove Island)

·Enjoy a great dinner under the starlit sky.

HURRY! VACANCIES(空缺) ONLY FOR THE 1ST 20 PUPILS WHO SING UP.

Get your consent forms(同意书) from Miss Yu and return the forms with your payment($20) by 30 May.

* If there are more than 20 pupils interested in the cruise,priority (优先权) will be given to Geography Club*

1.A pupil who prefers not to spend any money can go for______.

A. the cruise    B. the guitar lessons

C. the school choir    D. story time

2.Who will conduct the guitar lessons?

A. The band instructor.    B. The choir mistress.

C. Mr.Stephen Keene.    D. An invited guest.

3.To go for the cruise,pupils need to ______.

A. be Geography Club members    B. pay $30

C. have some form filled    D. know how to swim

 

假设你是李华,一名高三学生,在网络上看到一所国外大学的招生( admission)信息,该大学对中国学生开设了30多个专业(major),你对此非常感兴趣,打算用英语撰写一份个人申请,主要内容包括:

1.想申请的专业;2.个人优势;3.进大学后的设想。

注意:

1.词数:100字左右;2.书信格式已给出;3.可适当增加细节,以使行文连贯。

Dear Sir or Madam,

____________________________________________________________________________________________

____________________________________________________________________________________________

____________________________________________________________________________________________

____________________________________________________________________________________________

____________________________________________________________________________________________

____________________________________________________________________________________________

____________________________________________________________________________________________

___________________________________________________________________

Yours Sincerely,

Li Hua

 

For ages, sailors have said that it is a good luck to see dolphins swimming alongside boats. Their presence meant that land is near, which will be vital informations if a boat and its crew are in danger. Some dolphins have even protected sailors which suffer shipwreck from sharks. There is no wonder that these unique and fascinating creatures have long known as our friends.

Dolphins are thought to be intelligent animals because of its quick ability to learn. They seem to communicate with each other through a combination of whistles and clicks. While scientists don’t know exact what they are talking about, it is thought that dolphins are telling each other that food is nearby, or warn each other of approaching dangerous.

 

Xuexiang Village, formerly known as a forestry farm, has been transformed into a booming tourist resort. 1.(locate) at the southern foot of Changbai Mountain, it has much snow. The snow here starts falling in October and begins to melt in April. A unique scene is the “snow mushrooms”, 2. are formed after snow falls onto wood piles. Together with log cabins, pine trees and snowy mountains, 3. place looks like a fairy tale world. Several decades ago, people 4.(come) here as loggers. Years of excessive logging resulted 5. a resource-shortage problem. After the natural forest protection project 6.(launch) in 1999, the forestry farm stopped logging and started to make good use of the snow to develop the tourism industry. Amateur photographers first promoted the beautiful scenery, then, with the help of the internet, it 7.(gradual) became famous and tourists began coming. 8.(sense) the new opportunities, loggers started to open family hotels and restaurants. Nearly 80 9.(family) are now involved in tourism business. “My family can make 200,000-300,000 yuan each year, which 10.(able) us to live a much better life”, said Fan, a used-to-be logger.

 

Jennifer was halfway down the stairs when she turned and took one last look at her room. ______ high school and going away to college was like the ______ pause at the ending of a chapter in a good book, and she was ______ to turn the page.

Jennifer went down the stairs to where her mother and father, ______ quiet, were waiting. She even felt a sense of guilt deep ______ her when she admitted to herself how longingly she had ______ getting away from her home and starting a new life in the college.

They went out through the front door. Dad put the suitcases in the back of the ______, and then came forward to hold the front door open. “Sit in the ______, dear,” her mother suggested, touching her arm gently, and Jennifer noticed that her mother was ______ one of those sad-looking smiles. In fact, she was afraid her mother might even ______ at the train station.

Her father pulled out of their driveway and Jennifer turned for one last look at the house.

They pulled up at the station then. The train was coming. There were last-minute questions, words of advice, and then ______.

“Well, I’m on my way. Don’t worry about me, everything will be OK,” Jennifer said ______.

When her father took the picture, she noticed her mother wasn’t weepy at all---the smile on her face wasn’t ______ sad-looking.

Through the window, Jennifer held ______ with her eyes as the train moved away slowly. They were standing close together, and somehow it ______ the memory of that day when she was seven-when she had persuaded them to let her ______ the big Ferris wheel(摩天轮) all by herself. She had sat still in the ______ middle of the seat as she did just now in the car, feeling ______ that even if she fell, even if the Ferris wheel itself fell, she had known they would catch her.

Suddenly she felt tears ______ her eyes. She wiped her eyes and found her parents out of ______ when she looked back again.

1.A. Finishing    B. Attending    C. Entering    D. Continuing

2.A. frequent    B. sudden    C. brief    D. regular

3.A. sad    B. slow    C. eager    D. quiet

4.A. strangely    B. badly    C. normally    D. definitely

5.A. from    B. within    C. into    D. of

6.A. looked up to    B. got used to    C. got bored with    D. looked forward to

7.A. seat    B. wheel    C. car    D. driveway

8.A. middle    B. back    C. front    D. side

9.A. flashing    B. wearing    C. forcing    D. shaping

10.A. arrive    B. escape    C. faint    D. cry

11.A. decisions    B. hugs    C. changed    D. rushes

12.A. proudly    B. sadly    C. impatiently    D. heartily

13.A. all    B. even    C. only    D. once

14.A. it    B. her    C. him    D. them

15.A. kept away    B. stuck to    C. wiped off    D. brought back

16.A. ride    B. catch    C. play    D. drive

17.A. same    B. proper    C. exact    D. similar

18.A. afraid    B. certain    C. sorry    D. peaceful

19.A. controlling    B. rolling    C. emptying    D. flooding

20.A. sight    B. mind    C. station    D. memory

 

Every living thing has genes. Genes carry information. 1. They make sure that humans give birth to humans and cows give birth to cows. They also make sure that a dog doesn’t give birth to a frog, or an elephant to a horse. However, genetic engineers take genes from one species-for example, a snake, and transfer them to another-for example, corn. 2. Such new life forms have been described, by some scientists as a real-life Frankenstein(科幻怪人).

Genetic engineers put duck genes into chicken to make the chickens bigger. They put hormones(激素) into cows to make them produce more milk. They put genes from flowers into beans and from fish into tomatoes. 3. It just makes them easier and faster for the farmer to grow.

The effects of genetic engineering on the natural world may be disastrous. The engineers may create strange life beings, or monsters. that we cannot control. 4. They’ll have to find one, fight for one-or kill for one. It may be your land they fight for-or you that they kill. Moreover, the effects of these experiments can often be cruel. In America, pigs were given human genes to make them bigger and less fatty. The experiment failed. The pigs became very ill and began to lose their eyesight. We would all like a better, healthier and longer life, and genetic engineering might give us this. On the other hand, it may be a dangerous experiment with nature. In the story of Frankenstein, the doctor created such a terrible and dangerous monster that he had to destroy it. 5.

A. The information tells us what to do or what not to do

B. We must make sure that this tale remains a story-and no more than that

C. This doesn’t make them cheaper, tastier, or healthier

D. The new life forms have no natural habitat or home

E. Then they feed the tomatoes to the fish

F. In this way a new life form is created

G. They are passed on from generation to generation

 

As they migrate(迁移), butterflies and moths(飞蛾) choose the winds they want to fly with, and they change their body positions if they start floating in the wrong direction. This new finding suggests that insects may employ some of the same methods that birds use for traveling long distances. Scientists have long thought that insects were simply at the mercy of the wind.

Fascinating as their skills of flight are, migrating behavior has been difficult to study in insects because many long distant trips happen thousands of feet above ground. Only recently have scientists developed technologies that can detect such little creatures at such great heights.

To their surprise, though, the insects weren’t passive but active travelers on the winds. In autumn, for example, most light winds blew from the east, but the insects somehow sought out ones that carried them south and they positioned themselves to navigate(导航) directly to their wintering homes.

Even in the spring, when most winds flowed northward, the insects didn’t always go with the flow. If breezes weren’t blowing in the exact direction they wanted to go, the insects changed their body positions to compensate(抵消). Many migrating birds do the same thing.

The study also found butterflies and moths actively flew within the air streams that pushed them along. By adding flight speeds to wind speeds, the scientists calculated that butterflies and moths can travel as fast as 100 kilometers an hour. The findings may have real-world applications.

With climate warming, migrating insects are growing in number. Knowing how and when these pests move could help when farmers decide when to spray their crops.

1.What’s the main idea of the text?

A. Insects migrate with the seasons

B. Wind helps insects greatly in migrating

C. insects have real direction

D. Scientists have trouble in observing insects

2.Scientists originally thought that     .

A. insects always waited for their favorable winds

B. insects chose the winds they wanted to ride

C. insects were just blown about by the wind

D. insects positioned themselves in the winds

3.It is not easy to study the migrating behavior of the insects because     .

A. the little creatures can fly very fast

B. their flight is long and high above ground

C. the wind’s direction is hard to foresee

D. they have no regular migrating courses

4.According to the passage, the findings can     .

A. increase insects in number

B. instruct farmers when to spray

C. prevent climate warming

D. help protect insects

 

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