As I stood in the return line and watched people, I became extremely impatient. My daughter had got four Barbie dolls and two identical Cabbage Patch Kids on Christmas, so I was eager to return toys that she didn’t need. Suddenly a strong idea came to me. I eyed the lady in front of me with three small girls on her leg. The family looked poor. The children were without coats, and they had dirty faces and hair. “You are ready to get out of here, aren’t you? Give her the things you want to return,” the still voice spoke. “Give them to her? These are mine. I’m not giving her my stuff,” I argued. I swallowed the urge that threatened to escape my lips when the voice spoke again. “Give her the toys.” I was familiar with the voice. I know I couldn’t argue with that voice.

I sighed and tapped the lady on the shoulder. “Ma’am,” I cleared my throat. She looked at me with kind, tired eyes surrounded by wrinkles. “Yes?” she asked. “Would your little girls like to have these toys?” I pointed to my basket full of returns. “Would your children like to have them?” She was speechless, and I swore that tears were about to well up in her eyes. “You’d be doing me a favor. I can’t stand in this line in a moment longer.” “You have no idea,” she shook her head. “You have no idea what that means to me.”

I started loading her basket as the excited girls watched. “Merry Christmas,” I said, “God bless you.” She replied as I nodded and exited the line. I didn’t want to go the Walmart that day, but I went. I didn’t want to give the lady my kid’s toys, but I did. Sometimes doing what we don’t want to do is exactly what we’re supposed to do.

1.The author decided to return some of the gifts because ________.

A. she wanted to get some money    B. her daughter needed money then

C. her daughter didn’t like them at all    D. all of them weren’t in need

2.When the author saw the woman and her three girls, she ________.

A. gladly helped them    B. didn’t want to help them

C. pretended not to know them    D. hesitated about whether to help them

3.The lady was speechless after hearing the author’s words because ________.

A. she was too surprised to say anything    B. she was too moved to say anything

C. she didn’t believe the author at first    D. she was considering the author’s words

4.Which of the following can be the best title for the passage?

A. A Poor Lady    B. Holiday Spirit

C. Giving Happiness    D. Holiday Shopping

 

假定英语课上老师要求同桌之间交换修改作文,请你修改你同桌写的以下作文。文中共有10处语言错误,每句中最多有两处。每处错误涉及一个单词的增加、删除或修改。

增加:在缺词处加一个漏字符号(), 并在其下写出该加的词。

删除:把多余的词用斜线(\)划掉。

修改:在错的词下划一横线, 并在该词下面写出修改后的词。

注意:1.每处错误及其修改均仅限一词;

只允许修改10处, 多者(从第11处起)不计分。

Amanda has been awarded the Star Student for that she did for our class. Last Saturday, Amanda went to downtown and walked from one store to another, looking for the costumes we would wear in the singing contest. While the rest of us are enjoying our leisure time in the cool and comfortably room, she spent the whole afternoon searching and selecting. Finally, she found the right cloth. Deeply moved by his efforts, we tried our best and won first prize in contest.

Amanda is always warm-hearted and care a lot about the class. Besides, she often devotes her spare time to help others. She has set a good example for us. However, she deserves the honor and we should learn from her.

That's all. Thank you for listening!

 

 

Visitors to Britain may find the best place1.enjoy local culture is in a traditional pub. But newcomers may get into trouble in these friendly pubs. Strangers may start with the difficulty of getting a drink. Most pubs have no waiters—you have to go to the bar (吧台) to buy drinks . This may sound2.(convenient), but English people are used to doing so.

Pub culture is formed3.(help) people get along with each other. Standing at the bar for service allows you to chat with others4.(wait) for drinks. The bar counter is5.(possible) the only place in Britain 6.a friendly conversation with strangers7.(consider) to be entirely proper and really quite normal behavior. 8., if you do not follow the local rules, you may fail to feel the local culture. For example, if you are in a big group, 9.is best for one or two people to go to buy the drinks. Nothing makes the regular customers and bar staff 10. (angry) than a group of strangers standing in front of the bar while they chat and wonder what to order.

 

I was in desperate need of a break. The “witching hour” was upon us once again, dinner was burning on the stove, and fights were _________ between my two children. The crying was never- ending and I was _________ the end of my rope. But I was holding down the fort until way after bedtime.

I _________ a friend who has four children the same ages as mine, and she was in a similar_________. Our husbands were _________ the same meeting that night. I could hear the screaming in the _________, interrupted by Jen’s shouting. She kept _________ the phone to pick up the baby because he was crying. It seemed as if we were all suffering _________. Couldn’t there be a way for us to break up the sameness? _________!

The first play date was at Jen’s house the following Wednesday at 4:00 pm. My daughter________ into the basement playroom with the other children. Jen and I sat just __________ some adult company.

We ordered a pizza and salad, and all of the children actually ate their dinner. My kids aren’t big salad fans, but if other kids are eating it, __________ it’s cool. The entire large pizza was eaten up rapidly. Jen and I did the __________ together. When we were done, we invited them back and they all danced to a music DVD __________ it was time to go. My kids went __________ to bed when we got home. I felt rejuvenated(恢复活力的). The e-mail from Jen the next morning __________ her similar feelings. We were on to something and it had to __________.

The following Wednesday play date was at my house, and it was __________ the same. The kids had a great time __________. Watching kids play together without fighting is a truly great thing. Wednesday night gives me a chance to sit and really __________ my children as little people.

1.A. breaking up    B. breaking out    C. fading away    D. dying down

2.A. on    B. in    C. at    D. by

3.A. met    B. called    C. invited    D. visited

4.A. situation    B. condition    C. consideration    D. stage

5.A. attending    B. holding    C. participate    D. join

6.A. environment    B. atmosphere    C. consequence    D. background

7.A. throwing    B. holding    C. dropping    D. talking

8.A. differently    B. regularly    C. equally    D. slightly

9.A. Surprisingly    B. Absolutely    C. Perhaps    D. Maybe

10.A. hid    B. fell    C. disappeared    D. dragged

11.A. appreciating    B. expecting    C. imaging    D. enjoying

12.A. apparently    B. surprisingly    C. similarly    D. oppositely

13.A. cleaning    B. washing    C. cooking    D. dancing

14.A. when    B. unless    C. until    D. after

15.A. slowly    B. actively    C. unwillingly    D. right

16.A. announced    B. explained    C. confirmed    D. brought

17.A. improve    B. start    C. stop    D. continue

18.A. usually    B. exactly    C. generally    D. accurately

19.

A. making themselves up    B. wearing themselves out

C. setting themselves apart    D. giving themselves away

20.A. understand    B. notice    C. observe    D. realize

 

 

Every one complains. Even if you argue that you are the happiest person in the world, you still complain sometimes. Sometimes you complain: without even realizing ill, but rarely is it ever helpful.1.Here are some tips to stop complaint and give up the negative thoughts:

2.

When you find yourself thinking or saying a negative comment about something or someone, stop and force yourself to say something positive instead. Seek the help of a cheerful friend to change you when you complain and help you to see the positive in the situation.

Make a list of things we are grateful for.

We often complain about the things we don't have without noticing those things we already have. Be grateful for what we have in our life because we are lucky simply for being ourselves. 3.

Learn to adapt to the changes.

There are many things we can't change.4.Always find the positive side of each situation, regardless of however difficult the situation is, with parents' and friends' support, we can survive any life changes.

Allow yourself to express your feelings every once in a while.

Constantly ignored negative thoughts could add up if you are really going through a hard time, don't be afraid to share your feelings with close friends or family members or see a therapist.

Find what makes you happy.

5. Maybe it is time to make the hard decision to move on to another job or career. Uncover what your biggest complaints are about and see if you can change the situation to make you happy. Stop complaining, focus on the positive, and be kind always!

A. Change the way you think

B. Make positive people friends

C. The best and only thing we can do is to accept them

D. Are you constantly complaining about your present job?

E. Sometimes this list can be easy, full of hobbies you enjoy

F. So how can you manage to force yourselves to end complaining?

G. Set down things we are thankful for and we'll see that we don't have any reason to complain.

 

You are enrolled in a full – time school called “life”. Each day in this school you will have the opportunity to learn lessons. You may like the lessons or hate them, but you have designed them as part of your curriculum.

  Why are you here? What is your purpose? Humans have sought to discover the meaning of life for a very long time. What we and our ancestors have overlooked, however, is that there is no one answer. The meaning of life is different for every individual.

  Each person has his or her own purpose and distinct path, unique and separate from anyone else’s. As you travel your life path, you will be presented with numerous lessons that you will need to learn in order to fulfill that purpose. The lessons you are presented with are specific to you; learning these lessons is the key to discovering and fulfilling the meaning and connection of your own life.

  As you travel through your lifetime, you may encounter challenging lessons that others don’t have to face, while other spends years struggling with challenges that you don’t need to deal with. You may never know why you are blessed with a wonderful marriage, while your friends suffer through bitter arguments and painful divorces, just as you cannot be sure why you struggle financially while your peers enjoy abundance. The only thing you can count on for certain is that you will be presented with all the lessons that you specifically need to learn; whether you choose to learn them or not is entirely up to you.

  The challenge here, therefore, is to align (与……保持一致) yourself with your own unique path by learning individual lessons. This is one of the most difficult challenges you will be faced with in your lifetime, as sometimes your path will be completely different from others’. But, remember, don’t compare your path to the people around you and focus on the difference between their lessons and yours. You need to remember that you will only be faced with lessons that you are capable of learning and are specific to your own growth.

  Our sense of fairness is the expectation of equality – the assumption that all things are equal and justice will always prevail. Life is not, in fact, fair, and you may indeed have a more difficult life path than others around you, deserved or not. Everyone’s circumstances are unique, and everyone needs to handle his or her own circumstances differently. If you want to move toward calm, you will be required to move out of the complaining phase of “it’s not fair”. Focusing on the unfairness of circumstances keeps you comparing yourself with others rather than appreciating your own special uniqueness. You miss out on learning your individual lessons by distracting yourself with feelings of bitterness and anger.

1.According to the passage, how can the meaning of your life be realized?

A. Having the same opinions as others.

B. Taking the distinct path from others.

C. Learning the lessons presented to you.

D. Doing the different things from others.

2.What can we conclude from the passage ?

A. everyone has his own track to follow

B. the same things usually happen to the peers

C. a painful divorce must lie in financial problems

D. a wealthy man must have a wonderful marriage

3.In your lifetime, the lessons you are faced with_________.

A. are beyond your power    B. keep you from growth

C. limit your development    D. help you with your success

4.Which of the following is TRUE?

A. All things are equal and justice will always prevail.(流行)

B. You should learn to appreciate your specific uniqueness.

C. One has to fix his mind on unfairness of circumstances.

D. You have to complain “it’s not fair” whenever possible.

 

There are two types of people in this world: those who regularly wash their office coffee cup. And those who only take it off their desk to cover up the coffee mark at the bottom with a fresh pour, driving away their shame with the reasoning that the heat must kill the bacteria or spine thing.

Depending on which type of person you are, this will be either mildly annoying or more-than-mildly exciting. As Heidi Mitchell wrote in a recent Wall Street Journal column, it’s fine to never wash your cup, as long as you’re not sharing it with anybody else.

There are two warnings to that statement, infectious-disease expert Jeffrey Strake, a professor at Baylor College of Medicine, told Mitchell; One, it only applies if you’re not sharing the cup with anybody else. And two , if you leave cream or sugar in your cup over the weekend, that can certainly cause mold(霉) to grow – in which case, wash it out.

Otherwise, though, there’s not really much to worry about. “If I went and cultured the average unwashed coffee cup, of course I would find bacteria.” Starke said. “But remember the vast majority came from the person who used the cup.” Even if you drink from it while sick, it’s pretty hard to re-infect yourself with the same cup; most viruses don’t live long outside the body, which means that just letting your cup live in its own dirt may be a safer bet than the alternative; cleaning it with the disgusting sponge(海绵) in the office kitchen “The sponge in the break room probably has the highest bacteria count of anything in the office.” Starke said if the idea of not washing horrifies you , just stick the sponge in the microwave before using. Otherwise, though, reel free to continue your lazy ways without guilt.

1.What does the passage intend to tell us?

A. It is harmful to drink coffee with sugar.

B. It’s okay not to wash your coffee cup regularly.

C. The hot water contributes to the bacteria growing.

D. Drinking from unwashed coffee cups causes diseases easily.

2.What do we know from Stark’s words?

A. The coffee cup in the office must be put in the microwave to clean.

B. It’s easy to get infected if you often use the same unwashed cup.

C. The coffee cup shouldn’t be shared in the office.

D. It’s good way to grow bacteria in an unwashed cup.

3.What does the underlined part “your lazy ways” refer to ?

A. Leaving your coffee cup unwashed.    B. Sticking the sponge in the microwave

C. Using Paper cups only in the office    D. Cleaning your coffee cup with sponge.

4.Where does the passage probably come from?

A. A travel brochure.    B. A science magazine.

C. An official statement.    D. An entertainment program.

 

A thief who dropped a winning lottery ticket at the scene of his crime has been given a 

lesson in honesty. His victim, who picked up the ticket, then claimed the $25,000 prize, managed to trace him, and handed over the cash. The robbery happened when maths professor VinicioSabbatucci, 58, was changing a tire on an Italian motorway. Another motorist, who stopped “to 

help”, stole a suitcase from his car and drove off. The professor found the dropped ticket and put  it in his pocket before driving home to Ascoli in eastern Italy. 

Next day, he saw the lottery results on TV and, taking out the ticket, realized it was a winner.He claimed the 60 million lire(里拉)prize. Then he began a battle with his conscience. Finally, he 

decided he could not keep the money despite having been robbed. He advertised in newspapers 

and on the radio, saying, “I’m trying to find the man who robbed me. I have 60 million lire for him—a lottery win. Please meet me. Anonymity(匿名)guaranteed.” 

Professor Sabbatucci received hundreds of calls from people hoping to trick him into 

handing them the cash. But there was one voice he recognized and he arranged to meet the man 

In a park.The robber, a 35year-old unemployed father of two, gave back the suitcase and burst 

into tears. He could not believe what was happening. “Why didn’t you keep the money?” he 

asked. The professor replied, “I couldn’t because it’s not mine.” Then he walked off, spurning the thief’s offer of a reward.

1.The sentence “Then he began a battle with his conscience.” in Paragraph 2 implies all of the 

  following except that _________.

A. he thought for a moment of avenging himself on the robber

B. he hesitated about keeping the money for some time

C. he knew what he should do as soon as he saw the lottery results

D. he came to realize that honesty is more important than money

2.Why did hundreds of people phone Professor Sabbaturcci ?

A. wanted to make fun of him    B. hoped to get the money

C. knew who the robber was    D. lost the lottery ticket

3.How did the robber feel when the victim wanted to find him?

A. Excited    B. Frightened    C. Ashamed    D. Incredible

4.If the story appears in a newspaper,what might be the best title ?

A. A Thief’s Lucky Day    B. A Popular Maths Professor

C. A Magic Lottery    D. A Reward of Honesty

 

This brief book is aimed at high school students, but speaks to anyone learning at any stage of life.
    Its formal, serious style closely matches its content, a school-masterly book on schooling. The author, W. H. Armstrong, starts with the basics: reading and writing. In his opinion, reading doesn’t just mean recognizing each word on the page; it means taking in the information, digesting it and incorporating it into oneself just as one digests a sandwich and makes it a part of him. The goal is to bring the information back to life, not just to treat it as dead facts on paper from dead trees. Reading and writing cannot be completely separated from each other; in fact, the aim of reading is to express the information you have got from the text. I’ve seen it again and again :Someone who can’t express an idea after reading a text is just as ineffective as someone who hasn’t read it at all.
    Only a third of the book remains after that discussion, which Armstrong devotes to specific tips for studying languages, math, science and history. He generally handles these topics thoroughly and equally, except for some weakness in the science and math sections and a bit too much passion(激情)regarding history to his students, that was a hundred times more than my history teachers ever got across. To my disappointment, in this part of the book he ignores the arts. As a matter of fact, they demand all the concentration and study that math and science do, though the study differs slightly in kind. Although it’s commonly believed that the arts can only be naturally acquired, actually, learning the arts is no more natural than learning French or mathematics.
    My other comment is that the text aged. The first edition apparently dates to the 1960s—none of the references(参考文献)seem newer than the late 1950s. As a result, the discussion misses the entire computer age.
    These are small points, though, and don’t affect the main discussion. I recommend it to any student and any teacher, including the self-taught student.

1.According to Armstrong, what is the goal of reading?

A. gain knowledge and expand one’s view

B. express ideas based on what one has read

C. understand the meaning between the lines

D. gets information and keeps it alive in memory

2.The author of the passage insists that learning the arts_________.

A. is as natural as learning a language    B. demands real passion    C. is less natural than learning maths

D. requires great efforts

3.What can this passage be classified as?A. an advertisement    B. a book review    C. a feature story    D. a news report

 

假定你是李华,你的美国笔友David对你校开设的一些选修课(optional course)非常感兴趣,来信向你询问有关事宜。请根据以下内容提示给他写封回信。

1.选修课程包括:英语戏剧,模型制作(model making)等;

2.每门课程的优点;

3.你希望增加的课程及理由。

注意:1. 词数100左右;

2. 可以适当增加细节,以使行文连贯;

3. 开头语已为你写好,不计入总词数。

Dear David,

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Looking forward to your reply.

Yours,

 

假定英语课上老师要求同桌之间交换修改作文,请你修改你同桌写的以下作文。文中共有10处语言错误,每句中最多有两处。每处错误涉及一个单词的增加、删除或修改。

增加:在缺词处加一个漏字符号(∧),并在此符号下面写出该加的词。

删除:把多余的词用斜线(\)划掉。

修改:在错的词下划一横线,并在该词下面写出修改后的词。

注意:1.每处错误及其修改均仅限一词;

2.只允许修改10处,多者(从第11处起)不计分。

    It is no doubt that health is the most important thing in our life.As a Chinese proverb go, “Health is blessing”.Should we be always ill in bed, how can we enjoy life?

    To keep healthy, we must develop a healthy way of life.First of all, we should keep on doing sports on a regularly basis, because it can strengthen both our body and mind, refresh ourselves and making us work more efficiently.Secondly, we must keep balanced diet to provide our body with various nutrition we need, but we should refuse junk food.Remember, it is through the mouth where diseases enter into our body.Thirdly, a good sleep is also vital to our health.Stay up too late at night often results in poor health.As middle school students, we need better sleep to do better in our lessons.

 

阅读下面材料,在题后空白处填入适当的内容(1个单词)或括号内单词的正确形式。

    Louis Armstrong, the most influential jazz musicians, is considered great not only because of his1. (achieve) but also because of his personalities.

    2.(bear) in a poor family in New Orleans in 1901, instead of3.(commit) crimes to get money like some boys in his situation, Louis would sing on the streets in order to earn a few cents from4.(passer-by).However, at the age of 12, Louis was arrested because of firing a gun into the air at a New Year’s Eve party.In a school of problem boys, he was taught to play drums and the trumpet,5. enabled him to find work related with music after he left the school.A well-known musician Joe “King” Oliver noticed Louis and began to teach him about jazz.When Oliver left New Orleans in 1917Louis took 6.his job in one of the best bands in town.

    After becoming famous, Louis would introduce his particular style of jazz to enthusiastic audiences while 7.(travel) around the United States as well as Europe.Apart from being a famous jazz musician, he was also an unofficial goodwill ambassador who spoke8.(public) about the rights of black people in America. Despite the fact9.he became rich and famous, Louis Armstrong continued to live a simple live in a working-class neighbourhood.He continued playing and recording until July 6th, 1971, when he died in his sleep at his home in New York.He is still remembered as the most10.(distinguish) musician in the early history of jazz.

 

You may be surprised to see “making sure children never suffer” as a mistake. The following ___may help you understand how rescuing children from all suffering ______ weakness.

A little boy felt sorry for a butterfly ______ to emerge from its chrysalis(蛹). He decided to___the butterfly. So he peeled the chrysalis open for the butterfly. The little boy was so ______ to watch the butterfly spread its wings and fly off into the sky. Then he was horrified ______ he watched the butterfly fall to the ground and die because it did not have the muscle and ______ to keep flying. In fact, the butterfly’s struggle to ______ the chrysalis helps the butterfly become stronger.

Like the little boy, ______ too often want to protect their children from struggle in the ___of love. They don’t realize that their children need to struggle, to experience  ______, to deal with disappointment, and to solve their own problems. Only in this way ______ children strengthen their emotional strength, become ______ and develop the skills necessary for the even bigger struggles they will meet throughout their lives. Children experiencing sufferings can ______ the ups and downs of life.

However, it isn’t helpful either in this case when parents ______ lectures(训斥), blame and shame to what the child is experiencing. Mothers _____ to say, “Stop crying and acting like a spoiled boy. You can’t always get what you want.” These ______ words should be avoided. Instead, parents can offer loving support. You can say, “Don’t lose ______ . Be brave! You will succeed if you try again.” Then comes the tough part—no ______ and no lectures. Simply allow him to discover that he can ______ his disappointment and figure out what he can do to get what he wants in the future.

1.A. saying    B. experiment    C. proverb    D. story

2.A. damages    B. creates    C. experiences    D. burns

3.A. turning    B. devoting    C. struggling    D. coming

4.A. help    B. feed    C. kill    D. rescue

5.A. moved    B. depressed    C. puzzled    D. excited

6.A. until    B. as    C. before    D. since

7.A. strength    B. energy    C. power    D. force

8.A. do away from    B. get away with    C. get along with    D. come up with

9.A. teachers    B. relatives    C. parents    D. friends

10.A. case    B. charge    C. name    D. course

11.A. friendships    B. scholarships    C. hardships    D. relationships

12.A. should    B. can    C. do    D. are

13.A. warm-hearted    B. strong-willed    C. absent-mind    D. cold-blooded

14.A. expect    B. predict    C. survive    D. avoid

15.A. add    B. adapt    C. devote    D. contribute

16.A. pretend    B. happen    C. seem    D. tend

17.A. inspiring    B. discouraging    C. interesting    D. touching

18.A. sight    B. face    C. heart    D. weight

19.A. parking    B. smoking    C. drinking    D. rescuing

20.A. get through    B. get over    C. get across    D. get away

 

 

One of the common complaints we hear from the people around us are problems they are facing. Every day and everywhere there are problems. Many times we find it hard to stay happy. When one problem is solved, another one comes up. How to solve them? The answer is that we must equip ourselves to deal with different kinds of worries by learning the three basic steps of problem analysis. The three steps are:

Get the facts

Why is it so important to get the facts? Unless you have the facts, you can’t possibly attempt to solve your problem intelligently. Without the facts, all you can do is wondering around in confusion. It is not an easy job to get facts. When you are worried, your emotions are riding high. 1.

When trying to get the facts, you can pretend that you are collecting this information not for yourself but for some other person. 2. You can also pretend that you are a lawyer preparing to agree. Try to get all the facts both on your side and the other side of the case. You will generally find the truth lies somewhere in between.

3.

Whenever you are worried, write down the questions that make you worry. And write out all the various steps you could take and then the probable consequences of each step. For example, what am I worrying about? What can I do about it? Here is what I’m going to do about it. After carefully weighing all the facts, you can calmly come to a decision.

Act on that decision.

4. How can you break the worry habit before it breaks you? Crowd worry out of your mind by keeping busy. Plenty of action is one of the best ways to cure worry.

5. If you know a situation is beyond your power, say to yourself: “It is so; it can’t be otherwise.” Don’t permit little things to ruin your happiness. Try to cultivate a mental attitude that will bring you peace and happiness.

A. This will help you to take a cold and fair view of the evidence.

B. Unless you take your action, all your fact-finding and analysis is a sheer waste of energy.

C. But here are two ideas that can help you see the facts in a clear and objective way.

D. Analyze the facts.

E. There comes a time when you must decide and never look back.

F. Decide how much anxiety a thing may be worth.

G. Accept what can’t be avoided.

 

Researchers in the psychology department at the University of California at Los Angeles(UCLA) have discovered a major difference in the way men and women respond to stress. This difference may explain why men are more likely to suffer from stress-related disorders.

Until now, psychological research has maintained that both men and women have the same “fight-or-flight” reaction to stress. In other words, individuals either react with aggressive behavior, such as verbal or physical conflict(“fight”), or they react by withdrawing from the stressful situation(“flight”). However, the UCLA research team found that men and women have quite different biological and behavioral responses to stress. While men often react to stress in the fight-or-flight response, women often have another kind of reaction which could be called “tend and befriend.” That is, they often react to stressful conditions by protecting and nurturing their young(“tend”), and by looking for social contact and support from others—especially other females (“befriend”).

Scientists have long known that in the fight-or-flight reaction to stress, an important role is played by certain hormones(激素) released by the body. The UCLA research team suggests that the female tend-or-befriend response is also based on a hormone. This hormone, called oxytocin, has been studied in the context of childbirth, but now it is being studied for its role in the response of both men and women to stress. The principal investigator, Dr. Shelley E. Taylor, explained that “animals and people with high levels of oxytocin are calmer, more relaxed, more social, and less anxious.” While men also secrete(分泌) oxytocin, its effects are reduced by male hormones.

In terms of everyday behavior, the UCLA study found that women are far more likely than men to seek social contact when they are feeling stressed. They may phone relatives or friends, or ask directions if they are lost.

The study also showed how fathers and mothers responded differently when they came home to their family after a stressful day at work. The typical father wanted to be left alone to enjoy some peace and quiet. For a typical mother, coping with a bad day at work meant focusing her attention on her children and their needs.

The differences in responding to stress may explain the fact that women have lower frequency of stress-related disorders such as high blood pressure or aggressive behavior. The tend-and-befriend regulatory(调节的) system may protect women against stress, and this may explain why women on average live longer than men.

1.Which of the following is true about oxytocin according to the passage?

A. Men have the same level of oxytocin as women do.

B. Oxytocin used to be studied in both men and women.

C. Both animals and people have high levels of oxytocin.

D. Oxytocin has more of an effect on women than on men.

2.What can be learned from the passage?

A. Male hormones help build up the body’s resistances to stress.

B. In a family a mother cares more about children than a father does.

C. Biological differences lead to different behavioral responses to stress.

D. The UCLA study was designed to confirm previous research findings.

3.Which of the following might be the best title of the passage?

A. How men and women suffer from stress

B. How men and women get over stress

C. How researchers overcome stress problems

D. How researchers handle stress-related disorder

 

This could be the perfect gift for the partner, who embarrasses you on the dance floor. Smart socks, which can teach to dance, may be the answer for anyone with two left feet.

The socks have been developed as a running tool to help runners improve their skills. Thanks to the socks, users can accurately record not only how far and fast they run but also how well. It means the user maximizes their performance, and reduces damage to body and prevents hurt. The hi-tech socks are made of special fibers that watch the movements of your feet. They look, feel and can be washed like normal clothes.

Sensors (传感器) record each movement and send it by an ankle transmitter (脚踝发射器) to a smart phone. Then a “virtual coach” application shows the information and can tell the user what they are doing wrong, and help to improve skill in any task with feet.

The socks should be useful to athletes and weekend joggers. “People think running is so easy and of course everybody can do it but not necessarily safely and well,” Dr Davide Vigano said. A recent study showed that between 60 and 80 percent of runners got hurt per year. This is pretty much more than any other human activity. Researchers say the technology can also be developed to teach people how to dance, play sports such golf, or even to help to teach women to walk better in high heels.

Mr. Vigano said, “People could all benefit from the idea. We have had interest from all sorts of sports, like skiing, football, cycling and golf. Anything where you have to use your feet can use it. It could even be put in high heels to help women walk in them safely.”

Socks are just the start, and the technology could be used in gloves, hats and boots. The socks, anklet and software package, are expected to be sold for around £120, which will go on sale in March.

1.What does the underlined part “anyone with two left feet” refer to?

A. People who are disabled.    B. People who are interested in dancing.

C. People who invented the socks.    D. People who are not good at dancing.

2.What’s special about fibers that the socks are made of?

A. They feel much softer than normal clothes.

B. They can monitor the movement of feet.

C. They are expensive to produce.

D. They act as a smart phone for users.

3.Which of the following is NOT mentioned about the socks?

A. They can improve the skill of running.

B. They can help women walk better in high heels.

C. They can teach people to dance well.

D. They can be worn for days without washing.

4.According to Dr Vigano, _________.

A. everyone can make good use of the smart socks

B. users can run as fast as they like with the socks

C. 60 to 80 percent of runners would like to buy the smart socks

D. no runners will get hurt, thanks to the socks

 

Do you believe that things are connected for no scientific reason at all? For example, do you avoid saying the word “four” to avoid bad luck? If so, you have a superstition (迷信). And you’re not alone all kinds of people have them.

For example, Portugal’s soccer superstar Cristiano Ronaldo always steps onto the pitch (球场) with his right foot first, according to The Telegraph. And sports players are not alone in having superstitions. A visitor once asked the Nobel Prize winning scientist Niels Bohr whether he really believed that the horseshoe he’d hung at his country home was lucky. “Of course not,” the Danish physicist said. “But I understand it’s lucky whether you believe in it or not.”

One recent study found that even scientists at MIT and other top US schools tended to look for a meaning in natural events, similar to the connection between stepping on the pitch and playing soccer well, according to The Atlantic. When the researchers gave the scientists little time to answer questions, they were twice as likely to agree with statements such as “Trees produce oxygen so that animals can breathe” as they were when they had more time to think about their reply.

It seems that fear can make people think differently in this way, too. In a British study, students imagined meeting a “witch” who said she would cast (施魔法) an evil spell(符咒) on them. About half said a scientist should not be worried about the spell. Yet each of them said that, personally, they wouldn’t let the witch do it to them.

So why are so many of us superstitious? Well, it seems to be our way of dealing with the unknown. “Many people quite simply just want to believe,” Brian Cronk, a professor of psychology at Missouri Western State University, said in a 2008 interview. “The human brain is always trying to work out why things happen, and when the reason is not clear, we tend to make up some pretty bizarre (古怪的) explanations.”

And these explanations aren’t completely unhelpful. In fact, superstitions can sometimes work and bring real luck, according to psychologists at the University of Cologne in Germany in the May 2010 issue of the journal Psychological Science. They found that believing in something can improve performance on a task like an exam.

So, what about you? What superstitions do you follow to keep you safe and successful?

1.The author mentions avoiding saying the word "four" in the opening paragraph to ________.

A. show how foolish it is to believe in superstitions

B. introduce the readers to the topic of superstitions

C. discuss the scientific reasons behind superstitions

D. prove that it is reasonable to be superstitious

2.How many superstitious practices are mentioned in the passage?

A. 3    B. 2    C. 4    D. 5

3.What’s the author’s attitude to superstitions?

A. Unknown.    B. Positive.    C. Negative.    D. Neutral.

4.What is the best title of the article?

A. Why superstitions are common

B. How superstitions affect our daily lives

C. How some common superstitions came into being

D. How to get rid of superstitions

 

A new study says electronic toys are not helping babies learn.

"Even if companies are marketing them as educational, they're not teaching the babies anything at this time," said Anna Sosa the study's author.

Researchers listened to audio(声音的) recordings of parents playing with their babies aged 10 months to 16 months. The researchers compared the experiences when the children played with electronic toys, traditional toys such as blocks, or when the children looked at books. What they found is that parents talked less with their babies when the babies played with electronic toys.

Why is this important? Research shows that how quickly children develop language is often based on what they hear from parents. When the infants played with electronic toys, parents said little to their children. But with traditional toys, such as blocks, parents shared the names and descriptions of the animals, colors and shapes as their children played. There was even more information given by parents as their babies looked at the pictures in books.

Of course, there is no need for parents to throw out electronic toys, but they should look at their infants’ play with such toys as entertainment, not a learning experience.

Toy Industry Association spokeswoman Adrienne Appell responded to the study. She said it is important that parents make time to play with their children. "Playing is a way that kids can learn so much, not only cognitive(认知的) skills, but social and developmental skills," she said. She added that play should be balanced, including time for just "make believe" activities, as well as traditional and electronic toys.

1.What’s Anna Sosa’s attitude towards companies claiming that their toys are educational?

A. supportive    B. indifferent    C. uninterested    D. doubtful

2.We can learn from the text that babies in the research ________.

A. liked traditional toys better than electronic toys

B. interact less with their parents when playing with electronic toys

C. talked little with their parents when playing with electronic toys

D. listened to audio recordings of their parents

3.Children develop language more quickly when their parents ________.

A. read them picture books often    B. teach them how to speak

C. buy them a lot of toys    D. throw away their electronic toys

4.According to Adrienne Appell, playing ________.

A. can’t take the place of learning

B. shouldn’t take most of children’s time

C. is good to children’s overall development

D. can’t develop children’s cognitive skills

 

最近,你校英文报在举办主题为“Exercise an hour every dayhealthy life for a lifetime.”的征文活动。假定你是李华,请根据以下内容用英语写一篇短文。

    1.你对征文主题的理解;2.你喜欢的运动项目及活动情况;3.该运动给你生活和学习带来的益处。

注意: 1.词数100左右;2.可以适当增加细节,以使行文连贯。

    3.开头语已写好,不计入总词数。

Nowadayshaving sports is becoming more and more popular._____________________________

____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

 

Ladies and gentlemen,

Will you help old when he/she falls down on the street? A recently survey from our class meeting shows that eighty percent of the students think they are sure to help the old because of saving life is more important as anything else. Fifteen percent of the students says whether they help or not depends on the circumstances. However, five percent hold a view which the old shouldn’t be helped. First, they lack the knowledge of first aid, not know how to deal with the situation. Second, they are afraid of getting into trouble.

In my opinion, we should help each others, especially the old people. Please remember “respect the old” is one of our best tradition. Everyone will become old, and if such a case happens to you one day when we’re old, I will say I do need your help.

Thank you.

 

On Sept.19, 2014, Alibaba went public on the New York Stock(股票)Exchange. It shows that Ma Yun has done his business 1. (success). A short Chinese man seems to be the 2. (tall) man in the world right now.

Ma Yun used to be an English teacher. When he was twelve, he found that English was very interesting. Every morning he got up at 5 a.m., and then ran to a hotel near the West Lake,3. he could communicate with foreign 4.(tour) in English. He did it for nine years. The experience made him a fantastic English speaker and also opened his views to the wide world. In a trip to the US in 1995, Ma had access to the Internet 5.the first time. When 6. (see) the opportunity on the Internet, Ma returned to China and decided to set up a website 7. he knew little about computers then. Ma quit(辞掉) his job and created his own company--Alibaba in Hangzhou. He was so 8. (devote) to his work that he 9. (name) “Crazy Jack Ma”. Now, Alibaba has developed into the world’s largest e-commerce company and 10. (go) even further in future.

 

One day, a professor entered the classroom and asked his students to prepare for a surprise test. They waited anxiously at their desks for the test to begin. The professor _______ the question papers, with the text facing down as usual._______ all the students got the papers, he asked them to _______ the page and begin. To everyone's surprise, there were no _______ , just a black dot () in the center of the page. The professor, seeing the expression on everyone's face, told them the following:

"I want you to write what you _______ there.”

The students,_______, got started on the inexplicable (令人费解的) task.

At the end of the class, the professor _______ all the answer papers and started reading each one of them aloud in front of all the students. All of them, with no _______, described the black dot, trying to explain its position in the middle of the sheet, etc. After all had been _______, the classroom was silent, the professor began to explain:

"I'm not going to grade this. I ________ wanted to give you something to think about. No one wrote about the ________ part of the paper. Everyone focused on the black dot, and the same happens in our ________. We have a white paper to observe and ________, but we always focus on the dark spots. Our life is a ________ given to us with love and care and we always have ________ to celebrate: nature renewing itself every day, our friends around us, the job that ________ our livelihood and the miracles we see every day.

________, we insist on focusing only on the dark spots: the health issues that bother us, the lack of money, the ________ relationship with colleagues(同事), the ________ with a friend, and etc.

The dark spots are very ________ compared to everything we have in our lives, but they are the ones that pollute our minds. "

1.A. pointed at    B. turned up    C. referred to    D. handed out

2.A. Since    B. After    C. While    D. Until

3.A. fold    B. open    C. turn    D. use

4.A. questions    B. choices    C. exercises    D. scores

5.A. remember    B. imagine    C. see    D. study

6.A. confused    B. frustrated    C. curious    D. serious

7.A. finished    B. collected    C. marked    D. selected

8.A. excuse    B. doubt    C. explanation    D. exception

9.A. read    B. said    C. returned    D. answered

10.A. also    B. even    C. just    D. finally

11.A. big    B. black    C. white    D. beautiful

12.A. studies    B. classrooms    C. colleges    D. lives

13.A. send    B. enjoy    C. keep    D. show

14.A. present    B. burden    C. pressure    D. lesson

15.A. festivals    B. time    C. freedom    D. reasons

16.A. threatens    B. provides    C. ruins    D. changes

17.A. Besides    B. Therefore    C. However    D. Moreover

18.A. close    B. strong    C. special    D. complex

19.A. disappointment    B. contact    C. satisfaction    D. stay

20.A. dark    B. small    C. round    D. dirty

 

When we were kids, my little sister Madison and I were the M&Ms—my parents' two daughters. 1. So it was quite a surprise when my mom and dad sat us down to let us know that baby number three was on the way when I was 10 years old. However, as soon as my brother Mac was born, he completely stole my heart and I have learned many things from having a young brother.

2. 

    Having a baby in your life means watching your parents endlessly change diapers (尿布), make bottles, and wipe spit-ups every once in a while. I was allowed to do those things and I learned just how important it was to take care of this little life before I even hit middle school.

●  You watch a child grow up.

   3.I remember how excited my family was when we discovered how fast of a reader he was in kindergarten. I'll never forget telling him bedtime stories before he went to sleep at night. It's cool to think about the entirety of his life and how far he has come.

●  You teach your brother life lessons.

    From a young age, my brother watched my sister and me overcome personal challenges, go to high school, and, worst of all, get our hearts broken. 4. Watching his sisters go through life's difficulties has taught him how he should act when he gets older.

    Now Mac is 11 years old. I have no shame in telling people that one of my best friends is an 11-year-old boy. In fact, our family without him is unimaginable. 5. 

A.You stay in the know.

B.You learn about responsibility early on.

C.We received a lot of attention, and we liked it that way.

D.All I can say is that my family wouldn't be happy without Mac.

E.Nothing makes Mac more upset than a mean guy who hurts a girl's feelings.

F.I remember the first time Mac crawled, walked, and said my name.

G.Thanks , Mom and Dad, for turning the M&Ms into the Three Musketeers.

 

Smoking is harmful. But as soon as you quit the habit, everything will be OK, right?

Wrong.

New research has found that even if you give up smoking, the damage it has done to your genes (基因) will stay there for a much longer time.

In the research, a team of US scientists studied the blood of 16,000 people. Among them, some were smokers, some used to smoke, and the rest were non-smokers. Scientists compared their genes and found that more than 7,000 genes of smokers had changed--a number that is one-third of known human genes.

According to NBC News, both heart disease and cancer are caused by genetic changes. Some people may have had the changes when they were born, but most people get them in their day-to-day lives while doing things like smoking.

When you stop smoking, a lot of these genes will return to normal within five years.

This means your body is trying to heal (治愈) itself of the harmful effects of smoking. But the changes in some of the genes stay for longer. They can stay for as long as 30 years, It’s almost like leaving a footprint on wet cement (水泥) --it will always be there, even when you’ve walked away and when the cement becomes dry.

Although the study results may make people unhappy, there is a bright side: the findings could help scientists invent medicine to treat genetic damage caused by smoking or find ways to tell which people have heart disease or cancer risks.

1.The function of Paragraph 1 is to_________ .

A. give an example    B. introduce the topic of the passage

C. make an argument    D. show the main idea of the passage

2.Most genetic changes happen because of___________ .

A. people’s condition at birth    B. environmental pollution

C. people’s bad living habit    D. heart disease and cancer

3.The underlined word “it” in Paragraph 6 refers to__________ .

A. the footprint    B. the cement

C. the harmful effect    D. the genetic change

4.Which of the following statements is true?

A. The findings are the fruit of more than three years’ research.

B. The findings help to find cures for genetic damage caused by smoking.

C. The findings offer evidence that a damaged gene can heal itself.

D. The findings have prevented more people from starting smoking

 

The birth of the black tea and the first to reach the Western world from Fujian originated by accident. A Chinese army happened to stop by a tea farm in the late Ming Dynasty (1368—1644) and the soldiers slept on raw tea leaves which were intended for green tea making. Helpless and eager to avoid further loss, the anxious tea producer roasted the withered (枯萎的) tea leaves immediately afterwards, with pine branches, ending up with a deep colored tea, which produced bright red soup, a smoky taste and sweet flavour. To the tea farmer's surprise, the taste and flavour became a hit in the market, and the whole area started to make the kind of tea to satisfy market demand.

    Around the end of the 16th century, Dutch business people took tea to Europe. Catherine of Braganza, when she married British King Charles in 1662, took the tea drinking habit from Portugal to the British court.

    It was hard to say if people in the United Kingdom had the choice of drinking green tea, because it is said that after long sea transportation, green tea from China naturally fermented (发酵) into black tea. At the time British people still didn't know that black tea and green tea are made from the same leaves, so Scottish botanist Robert Fortune (1812—1880) met with disbelief when he pointed out that only a different processing method made black tea and green tea different.

    Fortune was sent by the East India Company to steal tea from China. He took more than 20,000 tea plants and seedlings to India in 1851. Although most of the tea plants he introduced to India are said to have died, trained Chinese tea workers he took there are believed to have equipped the country with the necessary technology and knowledge for tea making.

1.The tea farmer invented red tea ________.

A. to get a better taste

B. to please the soldiers

C. to avoid losing more money

D. to satisfy market demand

2.According to the text, British people ________.

A. preferred green tea to black tea in the 17th century

B. made green tea transported from China into black tea

C. was the first in Europe to have the habit of drinking tea

D. thought black tea and green tea were made from different leaves

3.What did Fortune do according to the text?

A. He trained workers to make tea.

B. He brought tea plants and seedlings to Britain.

C. He learned knowledge and skills to make different kinds of tea.

D. He did something illegal for the East India Company.

4.What is the text mainly about?

A. The technology for tea making.

B. The origin of black tea.

C. The tradition of drinking tea in Britain.

D. The difference between black tea and green tea.

 

My mother was diagnosed with Alzheimer’s (老年痴呆症)last summer. Suddenly, it was difficult for me to accept that the roles were now reversed---my mother became my child, and I became her mother. I became impatient, argued with her, once I even yelled at her. Gradually, I was used to this kind of life. Now I am able to deal with her and the situation better. I have learned a lot of life lessons from the experience. 

    My mother reacts very sensitively to my feelings. That is typical of Alzheimer’s patients. When I visit her, feeling busy and tense, she reacts immediately, takes on my mood, and becomes nervous and negative. But when I appear cheerful and attentive, she is happy. This has taught me to pay more attention to my own feelings when I am with other people. 

    I always thought I was very tolerant, but in reality, my tolerance ran out as soon as someone turned away from what I considered “right”. With my mother I can now really be tolerant. Through her illness she has developed a childlike tactlessness(不得体). Eating out in restaurants, for example, is a bit embarrassing when she shouts at the waiter that the food is so bad or talks about people at the next table in a loud voice. Of course I make sure that my mother doesn’t offend(冒犯)anyone, but I’ve stopped complaining about others and have become more tolerant. 

    I have also learned that everything has special value. When my mother got sick I didn’t want to burden my two daughters with it. They are young and have enough going on with their education, and starting their careers. I felt that it was simply my job as my mother’s daughter. The most wonderful discovery I’ve made through my mother’s disease may be that my children not only offer to help me when they sense that I’m feeling overwhelmed(难以承受), but that they take care of my mother on their own initiative(主动地). They visit her often, play cards with her, and look at photo albums together with her. It shows me that it’s all worth it.

1.Which of the following is the best title of the passage?

A. How I Cared for My Sick Mother

B. How I Became More Tolerant

C. What I Have Learned from Alzheimer’s

D. Why I Am Feeling Overwhelmed

2.Which of the following is common behavior of Alzheimer patients?

A. Being curious about everything

B. Being sensitive to others’ moods

C. Being afraid of strange people

D. Being particular about clothes

3.We can infer that the writer’s daughters are ________.

A. naughty    B. selfish    C. traditional    D. considerate

 

Homestay provides English language students with the opportunity to speak English outside the classroom and the experience of being part of a British home.

What to Expect

The host will provide accommodation and meals. Rooms will be cleaned and bedcovers changed at least once a week. You will be given the house key and the host is there to offer help and advice as well as to take an interest in your physical and mental health.

Accommodation Zones

Homestays are located in London mainly in Zones 2, 3 and 4 of the transport system. Most hosts do not live in the town centre as much of central London is commercial and not residential (居住的). Zones 3 and 4 often offer larger accommodation in a less crowded area. It is very convenient to travel in London by Underground.

Meal Plans available

Continental Breakfast

Breakfast and Dinner

Breakfast, Packed Lunch and Dinner

It's important to note that few English families still provide a traditional cooked breakfast. Your accommodation includes Continental Breakfast which normally consists of fruit juice cereal (谷物类食品), bread and tea or coffee. Cheese, fruit and cold meat are not normally part of a Continental Breakfast in England. Dinners usually consist of meat or fish with vegetables followed by dessert, fruit and coffee.

Friends

If you wish to invite a friend over to visit, you must first ask your host's permission. You have no right to entertain friends in a family home as some families feel it is an invasion of their privacy.

Self-Catering Accommodation in Private Homes

Accommodation on a room-only basis includes shared kitchen and bathroom facilities and often a main living room. This kind of accommodation offers an independent lifestyle and is more suitable for the long-stay student. However, it does not provide the same family atmosphere as an ordinary homestay and may not benefit those who need to practice English at home quite as much.

1.The passage is probably written for _______.

A. hosts willing to receive foreign students

B. foreigners hoping to build British culture

C. travellers planning to visit families in London

D. English learners applying to live in English homes

2.Which of the following will the host provide?

A. Free transport    B. Medical care

C. Room cleaning    D. Physical training

3.What can be inferred from Paragraph 3?

A. Zone 4 is more crowded than Zone 2.

B. The business centre of London is probably in Zone 1.

C. Hosts dislike travelling to the city centre.

D. Accommodation in the city centre is not provided.

4.Why do some people choose self-catering accommodation?

A. To experience a warmer family atmosphere.

B. To enrich their knowledge of English.

C. To enjoy much more freedom

D. To entertain friends as they like.

 

假定你是学生会主席李华, 你们学校将在外国留学生中举行中文演讲比赛活动。 请你写一封英文电子邮件通知你校的外国留学生。内容包括:

1. 比赛时间:51

2. 报名时间:即日起至420

3. 报名地点: 学校阅览室202

注意: 1. 词数100左右;

2. 可适当增加细节,以使行文连贯。

Dear friends,

_______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

Yours,

Li Hua

 

假定英语课上老师要求同桌之间交换修改短文,请你修改你同桌写的以下作文,文中 共存10处语言错误,每句中最多有两处,每处错误仅涉及一个单词的增加、删除或修改。

增加:在缺词处加一个漏字符号(∧),并在其下而写出该加的词。

删除:把多余的词用斜线 (\) 划掉。

修改:在错的词下面画一横线,并在其下面写出修改后的词。

注意:1. 每处错误及其修改均仅限一词;

2. 只允许修改10处,多者(从第11处起)不计分,

When I was having lunch in a restaurant, I noticed a young man. Dressing in black, he was playing with a smartphone while eating. She smiled at everyone that walked by. All of a sudden, a boy ran into him, making some food dropping on his trousers, what I thought would make him annoyed with the boy. Instead, he laughs it off when the mother made the apology to him. “Never mind!” he said polite. Seeing this, I touched and appreciated the kindness he brought to the world. On the way out, I handed to him a Smile Card which said, “Best wish and good luck to you!”

 

For the last 20 years, Elizabeth Eaton Rosenthal, 1. fine artist in New York, has been dressing from head to toe in2. (variety) shades of green. To her, green is the happiest, most positive color in the world, so she can’t imagine 3. (wear) anything else.

4. is most widely known, Elizabeth, “The Green Lady of Carroll Gardens”, has always had a thing for experimenting. At one point in her life she 5. (choose) to wear only the 1930s print dresses. Her6. (prefer) for green started in her fifties with some home-mixed green nail polish. But it quickly spread to her clothing and her home.

Elizabeth’s house is mostly green as well, 7. the front door to her backyard, and everywhere in between.

She knows that green makes her happy and helps her deal with daily8. (problem) , so she won’ t dream of wearing any other color. 9., that’s not her only motivation for wearing green. The 75-year-old artist also does it because it makes other people happy.

When10. (ask) if she ever gets tired of green, Elizabeth Sweetheart said, “Oh no, never. It keeps getting better every day.”

 

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