This is the third time he ______ late this month! He has to be reminded.

A. is    B. have been

C. has been    D. will be

 

Lucy was born ______ January 30th, 1998, when her sister got married ______ a fashion designer.

A. in; to    B. on; to

C. at; with    D. around; with

 

In the past few years, several Non-Governmental Organizations ______ all over the world.

A. have founded    B. have been founded

C. are founding    D. are being founded

 

We are proud that some students of our school ______ the making of the amazing video.

A. are involved in    B. involve themselves

C. are involving    D. involve in

 

With the level of haze ______ greatly, many people work to ______ public awareness of environment protection.

A. rises; raise    B. rising; raise

C. raising; rise    D. raises; rise

 

A sound governing system should guarantee people's ______ of civil rights.

A. action    B. employment

C. act    D. exercise

 

He tried to join the army but was ______ because of poor health.

A. turned down    B. turned off

C. turned away    D. turned against

 

假定你是李华,近期你所在城市的空气质量越来越差。某英文报纸就此现象进行征稿。请你简要分析空气污染的原因,并提出有效的解决措施。内容包括:

1.分析原因;

2.解决措施;

3.呼吁。

注意:

1.词数100左右;

2.可以适当增加细节,以使行文连贯;

3.开头已给出,不计入总词数。

Recently the air quality of the city I live in is becoming worse and worse. _________________________________

____________________________________________________________________________________________

____________________________________________________________________________________________

____________________________________________________________________________________________

____________________________________________________________________________________________

____________________________________________________________________________________________

__________________________________________________________________________

 

假定英语课上老师要求同桌之间交换修改作文,请你修改你同桌写的以下作文。文中共有10处语言错误,每句中最多有两处。每处错误仅涉及一个单词的增加、删除或修改。

增加:在缺词处加一个漏字符号(),并在其下面写出该加的词。

删除:把多余的词用斜线(\)划掉。

修改:在错的词下划一横线,并在该词下面写出修改后的词。

注意:1.每处错误及其修改均仅限一词;

2.只允许修改10处,多者(从第11处起)不计分。

Western people often say “Excuse me”. In China, “Excuses me” is only used apologize when a person has done something wrong and has hurt someone else. Western people say it when they want to pass in the front of someone, or when they find himself late for an appointment. Even at home the husband will thank the wife unless she gives him a glass of water. “Thank you” mean you appreciate what someone has done for you, no matter how smaller it is. “Excuse me” and “Thank you” are the most ordinary word Western people use every day. They could help people get along well to each other.

 

Insomnia(失眠)can be caused by psychiatric(精神病的)medical conditions, unhealthy sleep habits, specific substances, and/or certain biological 1.(factor). It can be an2.(annoy) problem and has an ill effect on our physical and mental health. Do you have sleeping problems? If so, then these tips may help you fall asleep fast.

Never force 3.(you) to fall asleep. Set aside the thought that you have to fall asleep. The4.(much)you think of it, the harder you will fall asleep.

A healthy eating habit also 5.(play)an important part. Avoid eating or drinking things like chocolates, coffee, tea and energy drinks. If you have to, then have them in the morning and never in the afternoon, especially before going to bed. Don’t eat too much 6.night. A full stomach will make it harder for you to fall asleep because your body is working more time to digest the food you ate.

Make7.fixed time to go to bed. For example, by 9 o’clock in the evening you should already be in bed. Do this even if you’re not sleepy yet. Once following this routine, you will 8.(gradual) see that you feel sleepy when it’s 9 o’clock.

Make your room comfortable for sleeping. You should also take note that the sleeping environment also affects your sleep. It must be in the room9.it’s not noisy. You will find it difficult 10.(fall)asleep again after waking up.

 

Good memories are usually thought to be connected with delicious food. It is really________for my experience. My grandmother’s spaghetti sauce was wonderful. On Sundays, our family would always gather around for dinner. The________of the sauce would fill the house and I’d breathe________with joy. My grandmother would slowly cook Italian sausages, potatoes, and pieces of chicken in the kitchen too. Then she’d boil enough spaghetti to_______a small army. When I ______sat down at the table, I could feel my taste buds(味蕾)jumping in ______in my mouth.   _______the dinner was done, both my stomach and my heart would be full of happiness.

For years, I _______to copy my grandmother’s recipe, but was never able to get it exactly right. I would always  _______out just the right amounts of garlic, salt, sugar, pepper and olive oil to add to the tomato sauce. I’d simmer()it slowly and stir it with care, but it ______came out as good as hers. Finally one day it occurred to me that I was missing the  ______ingredient that made hers so ______ : LOVE. You see, my grandmother always   _______her spaghetti with a big smile, a gentle hug and the loving _____ : “Mangia! Mangia!”, which means “Eat! Eat!” I could always taste her_______for us in every bite.

Love is the secret ingredient in our ______too. The more you love, the sweeter your life will be. The more love you give to_______, the happier you will become.

I think I’ll try my hand at making my grandmother’s sauce again this week. It may never________as good as hers,   _______it will bring back the memory of her love and laughter. And while I’m______stirring it, I may even imagine as if she was smiling at me.

1.A. awful    B. true    C. false    D. imaginable

2.A. smell    B. soup    C. dishes    D. food

3.A. briefly    B. surprisedly    C. accidently    D. deeply

4.A. support    B. feed    C. reward    D. serve

5.A. unwillingly    B. immediately    C. concern    D. suddenly

6.A. wonder    B. delight    C. concern    D. sadness

7.A. By the time    B. The time    C. Before the time    D. The first time

8.A. managed    B. pretended    C. failed    D. tried

9.A. measure    B. find    C. work    D. make

10.A. usually    B. ever    C. never    D. hardly

11.A. secret    B. reasonable    C. favorable    D. forgettable

12.A. particular    B. special    C. beautiful    D. creative

13.A. connected    B. provided    C. satisfied    D. served

14.A. jokes    B. names    C. words    D. songs

15.A. skill    B. love    C. kindness    D. hope

16.A. life    B. study    C. dream    D. career

17.A. others    B. yourself    C. grandmother    D. grandchildren

18.A. look    B. sound    C. taste    D. smell

19.A. and    B. but    C. so    D. or

20.A. slowly    B. quickly    C. violently    D. patiently

 

Informal conversation is an important part of any business relationship. 1.Latin Americans enjoy sharing information about their local history, art, and customs. They expect questions about their family and are sure to show pictures of their children. The French think of conversation as an art form. 2.For them, arguments can be interesting — and they can cover pretty much or any topic — as long as they occur in a respectful and intelligent manner.

In the United States, business people like to discuss a wide range of topics, including opinions about work, family, hobbies and politics. 3.They do not share much about their thoughts, feelings or emotions because they feel that doing so might take away from the harmonious business relationship they’re trying to build. Middle Easterners are also private about their personal lives and family matters. It is considered rude, for example, to ask a businessman from Saudi Arabia about his wife or children.

4.This can get you into trouble, even in the United States, where people hold different views. Sports is typically a friendly subject in most parts of the world, although be careful not to criticize a national sport. 5.

A. Instead, be friendly and praise your host’s team.

B. They enjoy the value of lively discussions as well as disagreements.

C. In Japan, China and Korea, however, people are much more private.

D. In addition, discussing one’s salary is usually considered unsuitable.

E. You may feel free to ask your Latin American friends similar questions.

F. As a general rule, it’s best not to talk about politics or religion with your business friends.

G. Before you start a discussion, however, make sure you understand which topics are suitable in a particular culture.

 

Michelle Yeoh also known as Yeoh Choo Kheng was born in Ipoh, Malaysia. At a very young age she dreamt of being a ballerina. Unluckily, when she was 16, she suffered a serious back injury and her professional dancing career was broken down.

Michelle would have given up her dreams and become a lawyer instead. Against her doctor’s advice, she continued going for her dream. She believed that if she can’t dance, there must be something else she can do. In 1983, at the age of 21, she won the Miss Malaysia beauty contest. Thin won the attention of Jackie Chan and the Hong Kong movie industry. In 1988 after her 5th movie, she married to retire from the silver screen. Her marriage was somehow filled with tears and loneliness. It ended in 1992 in the end.

So again, another of her life dreams was blown away. But Michelle did not think over spilled milk. Although she had been away from the movie industry for over 4 years, she had an attractive comeback. She costarred with Jackie Chan in Police Story 3 : Supercop. It was the top popular film in Asia for the year. Michelle Yeoh became the most popular and highest paid actress in Asia with a huge number of fans following throughout the world.

1.What contributed most to Michelle’s high pay in Asia?

A. Her winning the Miss Malaysia beauty contest

B. Her performance in Police Story 3: Supercop

C. Her wonderful dance on the silver screen

D. Michelle became the most popular actress in Asia

2.Which is the right time order of the following statements according to the passage?

Jackie Chan became interested in Michelle

Something terrible was wrong with Michelle’s back

Michelle said goodbye to her husband

Michelle became the most popular actress in Asia

A. ①③②④    B. ①②③④

C. ②③①④    D. ②①③④

3.What does the underlined sentence mean?

A. She wasn’t interested in milk products

B. She was quite poor at doing housework

C. She recovered from the sorrow soon

D. She decided to take up something new

 

Scope: Recently your school board proposed moving the school start time from 7:50a.m. to 7:20 a.m. What was your reaction to this?

Jilly Dos Santos: I was getting only four to six hours of sleep a night and I was late for school a lot. With the new start time, I’d have to wake up even earlier. After we heard about the proposal, a teachers said to my class, “If you don’t like it, why don’t you do something about it?”

Scope: What did you do?

Jilly: I organized a group of students to speak to the school board.

Scope: What did you do to prepare for the meeting?

Jilly: I wanted to focus our presentation on why having an earlier start time was unhealthy. There is scientific research about teens and sleep. I learned that during your teen years, because of a change in hormones(激素), your body begins to change. You start to want to go to bed later. School starts the same time it always has, so getting enough sleep becomes difficult. I realized there wasn’t something wrong with my time management or me; the way I was feeling had a physical and biological basis.

Scope: How did it go?

Jilly: About 30 students came to support me, and the board liked that I didn’t get emotional and just provided the evidence. Two months later, an 8:55 a.m. start time became official. The board decided to make the start time later instead of earlier.

Scope: What has changed since the later start time?

Jilly: I don’t need to stay up an extra hour or two at night, because I can get work done in the morning. I’ve also been late a lot less. And this year, there are more morning clubs and more people going to them.

1.What can be a suitable title for the text?

A. Talking With the School Board? Cheer Up!

B. An Interview on a Proposal

C. A Dialogue between Scope and Jilly

D. Moving the Start Time Earlier? Say No!

2.Jilly’s teacher seemed to encourage the students____

A. to talk with the school board

B. to get their work done in time

C. to voice their opinions bravely

D. to take action to support the proposal

3.What does the underlined word “it” refer to?

A. Jilly body clock

B. The scientific research

C. The meeting Jilly organized

D. Jilly’s secret for time management

4.How did Jilly succeed in persuading the school board?

A. By showing scientific evidence

B. By putting forward a new proposal

C. By telling different students’ stories

D. By presenting her personal experience

 

Long ago, there was a rich man, who had a very big house with a lot of treasures and many servants. One day, two silver saucers were stolen from the cupboard. After a few days, another two saucers were stolen again. The rich man was very angry. He thought, “Someone must have stolen them. I must catch the thief, or another two saucers would be stolen in a few days.”

Then he had an idea. He called in all his servants and said. “Some of my silver saucers have disappeared. Someone among you must have taken them. Who has taken them?”

The servants looked at one another and kept quiet. Then the rich man said, “I shall catch the thief myself. I am giving each of you a stick. Look, all the sticks are of the same length, Keep the sticks. Bring them back tomorrow. The thief’s stick will two centimeters longer.”

That evening, Salleh, one of the servants, went home sadly. His wife asked him, “Why are you so sad this evening?”

“This stick will grow two centimeters longer tomorrow because I have taken the silver saucers,” he said.

“Oh, don’t worry. Cut off two centimeters from the stick,” his wife said. “In other words your stick will be of the same length as any of the other sticks.”

Hearing this, he was very happy. At once, he cut off two centimeters from the stick with a knife.

The next day, each of the servants brought back his stick. The rich man then measured each of the sticks. He found Salleh’s stick shorter by two centimeters. Salleh was the thief. He was caught and put in prison. The rich man got back the stolen saucers.

1.The silver saucers were kept in____

A. a cupboard    B. a box

C. the kitchen    D. the bedroom

2.The rich man found _____ silver saucers were stolen

A. two    B. four

C. six    D. three

3.The next day, the rich man knew that Salleh was the thief because Salleh’s stick _____.

A. remained the same length

B. was shorter by two centimeters

C. was longer by two centimeters

D. broke in two

4.Which of the following is TRUE?

A. Salleh’s wife told him to return the stolen saucers

B. Salleh’s wife was angry with him

C. Salleh brought back the stolen saucer himself

D. Salleh did as his wife told him to.

 

La Tomatina, Spain

Tomato juice flows through the streets of Bunol on the last Wednesday of August as the world’s largest tomato fight happens. Festivities begin in the town square where there is a huge pole covered in soap and with a leg of ham at the top. Participants try to climb up the pole to get the ham as watchers throw buckets of water to them. After a gun is fired to signal the beginning of the fight, people catch the tomatoes and throw each other in the streets until the gun  sounds again, marking the end of the event.

Holi, India

This spring festival is celebrated throughout the country in late February or early March. The two-day event celebrates the legend of Prahlad, who escaped unharmed from the fire of the evil Holika Dahan. People mark the event by lighting fires and throwing colored powder on one another. Children load colored water into toy pistols called pichkari and take aim at passers-by. Holi is known as a happy celebration of the triumph of good over evil.

Burning Man, Nevada

This infamous festival began in 1986 with the burning of a large figure to mark the summer solstice(夏至). It’s since grown into a week-long annual event that draws more than 48,000 people to the Black Rock Dessert. It is held during the week before Labor Day. Participants set up camp in the desert to celebrate art.

Songkran, Thailand

This festival marks the Thai New Year, which is celebrated in the second week of April. This is the hottest time of the year in Thailand, so it makes sense that the biggest Songkran tradition is to throw water on people. Thais of all ages join in water fights, using buckets, hoses and water guns to celebrate the event.

1.The following celebrations are related to water EXCEPT_________.

A. La Tomatina    B. Burning Man

C. Holi    D. Songkran

2.The underlined word “pichkari” is probably_______.

A. a kind of gun    B. a bad man

C. fire    D. powder

3.If you want to experience the hottest season in a country, you can choose to visit______.

A. Spain    B. Nevada

C. India    D. Thailand

4.The text is written mainly to ______.

A. encourage people to travel

B. introduce some interesting festivals

C. advertise the world’s biggest parties

D. show the most famous performances

 

假如你叫李华,你校于4月27日组织了一次校园合唱节活动。请你根据以下要点,给你的美国笔友Jack写一封电子邮件,告诉他此次活动的有关情况。

1.活动的目的; 2.活动的时间、地点和方式; 3.你对本次活动的感悟

参考词汇:校园合唱节Campus Choral Festival

Dear Jack,

I am Li Hua, ...

____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

Sincerely Yours,

Li Hua

 

注意:1.每处错误及其修改均仅限一词

2. 只允许修改10处,多者(从第11处起)不计分。

A man requested on a wise man to help his son quit his bad habits. The wise man took the boy for walk in a garden. Suddenly he stopped to ask the boy to pull out a tiny plant there. The boy hold the plant between his thumb and forefingers and pulled it out. The man then asked him to pull out another plant what was a little big. The boy pulled hardly and the plant came out. “Now pull out that one,” said the man point to a bush. The boy tried his best but couldn’t pull it out. “So it is the same with bad habits” said the wise man. “When you are weak, it is easy to pull them out, though when they become strong, they can’t be rooted.”

 

What is the most popular communication tool today? 1.your answer is QQ or MSN, I must say you’re a bit old fashioned. Today, a new form of communication “Wechat”, which2. (own) a Chinese name Weixin, is becoming the most influential text and voicing tool all over the world.

What advantages does Wechat have? First, Wechat is3.relatively cheap way of communication; that is to say, it uses network traffic instead of telephone fare. Next, we can know4. is going on at any time. And we can have 5. (easily) access to information available than other messaging tools.

What roles does it play in our daily life? According to the latest report, the number of the 6. (register) users on Wechat platform has topped 200 million and it has expanded its business to overseas market. Can you imagine that a mobile phone ‘app’ works so 7. (power) that it reaches 200 million users within 8 months? Wechat itself has become the most popular mobile chat application in the world. A large number of people have become “Wechataholic”, which means they keep staring at the mobile phone all the time and can’t live 8. it.

However, while enjoying its great 9. (convenient), people should not ignore the danger of 10. (cheat), for information on Wechat is publicly known.

 

“Paul must have been trying to carry his waste paper to garbage can and dropped a few pieces.” I______picking them up. _______later I found more pieces. No quiet sighing this time. I _____ ,“Who is throwing garbage?” No answer. Instead, I saw more bits of paper silently floating ______ from upstairs. Looking up, I saw my seven-year-old son, Paul.

“Stop making a mess.” “It’s not a mess. They’re______.” “Sorry, what did you say?” I hadn’t heard him clearly.

He didn’t answer me. Paul has autism (自闭症) and_______answers a question, especially when he’s _______attentively on something else. He ran down the stairs. “Where are my other butterflies?” he asked,_______around. Every time Paul _______five or more words together, my heart says a _______of thanks. But lately he seems to _______that the benefits of forming complete sentences when communicating are________of the effort.

Butterflies. Of course. I rushed to_______them from the garbage,_______them off and handed them to my young artist. “Want to see them________again?” he asked with a shy smile. “Oh yes! They’re beautiful.” I whispered. He ran back upstairs to float his_____ down again. They really did look like beautiful butterflies.

That day Paul _______me to look up at ______instead of down at garbage. How many other masterpieces (杰作) do I miss because I’m too caught up in my _______to take time to appreciate what’s right in front of me? Life is not what happens to us. It’s ______ we look at it. Now, I look up.

1.A. laughed    B. shouted    C. amazed    D. sighed

2.A. Moments    B. Years    C. Days    D. Weeks

3.A. got in    B. turned up    C. called out    D. added to

4.A. up    B. away    C. down    D. off

5.A. planes    B. butterflies    C. leaves    D. papers

6.A. frequently    B. rarely    C. willingly    D. eagerly

7.A. devoted    B. depended    C. addicted    D. focused

8.A. showing    B. playing    C. looking    D. drawing

9.A. spells    B. puts    C. pushes    D. accumulates

10.A. prayer    B. remark    C. report    D. sound

11.A. refuse    B. realize    C. mind    D. hear

12.A. worthy    B. aware    C. fond    D. typical

13.A. hide    B. rescue    C. destroy    D. remove

14.A. tore    B. cut    C. dusted    D. seized

15.A. throw    B. flow    C. land    D. fly

16.A. schoolwork    B. masterpieces    C. inventions    D. imagination

17.A. permitted    B. forced    C. intended    D. reminded

18.A. beauty    B. weaknesses    C. mistakes    D. scenery

19.A. amusement    B. homework    C. communication    D. housework

20.A. when    B. how    C. where    D. whet

 

Much meaning can be conveyed clearly with our eyes, so it is often said that eyes can speak.

1.In a bus you may look at a stranger, but not for too long. And if he sensed that you are staring at him, he may feel uncomfortable.

The same is true in our daily life. If you are stared at for more than necessary, you will look at yourself up and down to see if there is anything wrong with you. 2.. Eyes do speak, right?

Looking too long at someone may seem to be rude and aggressive.3.. If a man stares at a woman for more than 10 seconds and refuses to look away from her, his intentions are obvious. He wishes to attract her attention, and let her know that he is admiring her.

However, when two persons are engaged in a conversation, the speaker will only look into the listener’s eyes from time to time to make sure that the listener does pay attention to what the former is speaking.4.If a speaker looks at you continuously when speaking as if he trying to control you, you will feel awkward. A poor liar usually exposes himself by looking too long at the victim. He wrongly believes that looking straight in the eye is a sign of honest communication. 5.

Actually, eye contact should be made based on specific relationship and situation.

A. On the contrary, it will give him away.

B. Do you have such a kind of experience?

C. That’s what normal eye contact is all about.

D. Actually, continuous eye contact is limited to lovers only.

E. After all, everybody likes to be stared at for quite a long time.

F. But things are different when it comes to staring at the opposite sex.

G. If nothing goes wrong, you will feel annoyed at being stared at that way.

 

Coffee drink is widespread. When people argue about whether coffee is good for health, they’re usually thinking of the health of the coffee drinker. Is it good for your heart? Does it increase blood pressure? Does it help you concentrate? However, coffee affects the health of the human population in other ways, too.

Traditionally, coffee bushes were planted under the shade of taller trees. However, more and more farmers in Latin America are deforesting the land to grow full sun coffees. At first, this increases production because more coffee bushes can be planted if there aren’t any trees. With increased production come increased profits.

Unfortunately, deforesting for coffee production immediately decreases the local wildlife habitat, because native birds nest and hide from predators(捕食者)in the tall trees and migrating birds rest there.

Furthermore, in the long term, the full-sun method also damages the ecosystem because more chemical fertilizers and pesticides(杀虫剂)are needed to grow the coffee. The fertilizers and pesticides kill insects that eat coffee plant, and then the birds eat the poisoned insects and also die. The chemicals kill or sicken other animals as well, and can even enter the water that people will eventually drink.

Fortunately, farmers in Central and South America are beginning to grow more coffee bushes in the shade. We can support these farmers by buying coffee with such labels as "shade-grown" and "bird-friendly".

Sure, these varieties might cost a little more. But we're paying for the health of the birds, the land, ourselves, and the planet. I think it’s worth it.

1.Which opinion does the author agree with?

A. People should buy full-sun coffee.

B. Shade-grown coffee should be supported.

C. Farmers should change the places to grow coffee.

D. Pesticides should be forbidden in coffee planting.

2.Compared with the traditional method, what advantage does the full-sun method have?

A. It can protect the ecosystem.

B. It can promote people's health.

C. It can provide mare nests for birds.

D. It can increase the production of coffee.

3.How do farmers get more land to grow full-sun coffee?

A. They cut down trees.

B. They move to other countries.

C. They turn grassland into farmland.

D. They buy more land from other farmers.

4.What can we learn from the passage?

A. It is quite worthwhile to buy shade-grown coffee at any cost.

B. Farmers all have realized the importance of protecting the environment now.

C. South American farmers are taking action to plant coffee in the traditional way.

D. The full-sun method does good to the health of human beings in the long run.

 

University Room Regulations

Approved and Prohibited Items

The following items are approved for use in residential (住宿的) rooms: electric blankets, hair dryers, personal computers, radios, televisions and DVD players. Items that are not allowed in student rooms include: candles, ceiling fans, fireworks, waterbeds, sun lamps and wireless routers. Please note that any prohibited items will be taken away by the Office of Residence Life.

Access to Residential Rooms

Students are provided with a combination (组合密码) for their room door locks upon check-in. Do not share your room door lock combination with anyone. The Office of Residence Life may change the door lock combination at any time at the expense of the resident if it is found that the student has shared the combination with others. The fee is $25 to change a room combination.

Cooking Policy

Students living in buildings that have kitchens are only permitted to cook in the kitchen. Students must clean up after cooking. This is not the responsibility of housekeeping staff. Kitchens that are not kept clean may be closed for use. With the exception of using a small microwave oven (微波炉) to heat food, students are not permitted to cook in their rooms.

Pet Policy

No pets except fish are permitted in student rooms. Students who are found with pets, whether visiting or owned by the student, are subject to an initial fine of $100 and a continuing fine of $50 a day per pet. Students receive written notice when the fine goes into effect. If, one week from the date of written notice, the pet is not removed, the student is referred to the Student Court.

Quiet Hours

Residential buildings must maintain an atmosphere that supports the academic mission of the University. Minimum quiet hours in all campus residences are 11:00 pm to 8:00 am Sunday through Thursday. Quiet hours on Friday and Saturday nights are 1:00 am to 8:00 am. Students who violate quiet hours are subject to a fine of $25.

1.What if a student is found to have told his combination to others?

A. He should check out of the room.

B. The Office should be charged.

C. He should replace the door lock.

D. The combination should be changed.

2.What do we know about the cooking policy?

A. A housekeeper is to clean up the kitchen.

B. Cooking in student rooms is permitted.

C. A microwave oven can be used.

D. Students are to close kitchen doors after cooking.

3.If a student has kept a cat in his room for a week since the warning, he will face _____.

A. parent visits    B. the Student Court

C. a fine of $100    D. a written notice

 

No one can deny that buttons are an important device. Whenever we see a button, we are eager to press it because we know something will happen. This is true in most cases, for example on a doorbell and on the “on/off” button on the TV. But some buttons are actually fake, like the “close” button on a lift.

Many people are in the habit of pressing the “close” button because they don’t have the patience to wait for the lift doors to shut. But lifts’ “close” buttons are a complete scam (骗局), at least in the US  the doors will not close any faster no matter how hard you press.

It started in the 1990s when the Americans with Disabilities Act was passed in the US, making sure that all lifts stayed open long enough so that people with disabilities could enter. Only US firefighters and repairmen can use the buttons to speed up the door-closing process if they have a code or special keys.

But to normal lift riders, the buttons aren’t completely useless. According to psychologists, fake buttons can actually make you feel better by offering you a sense of control.

“Perceived (能够感知的) control is very important. It reduces stress and increases well-being,” Ellen J. Langer, a psychology professor, said, “ having a lack of control is associated with depression.”

Experts have revealed that a lot of buttons that don’t do anything exist in our lives for this same purpose. For example, many offices in the US have fake thermostats (温度调节器) because people tend to feel better when they think they can control the temperature in their workspace.

But psychologists found it interesting that even when people are aware of these little “white lies”, they still continue to push fake buttons because as long as the doors eventually close, it is considered to be worth the effort.

“That habit is here to stay,” John Kounios, a psychology professor, said. “Even though I have real doubts about the traffic light buttons, I always press them. After all, I’ve got nothing else to do while waiting. So why not press the button in the hope that this one will work?”

1.What was the author’s main purpose in writing the article?

A. To explore people’s different habits when it comes to pushing buttons.

B. To describe some different kinds of fake buttons.

C. To explain the advantages and disadvantages of fake buttons.

D. To analyze the functions of fake buttons.

2.In America, the “close” buttons on lifts _______.

A. are fake for the convenience of disabled people

B. work only when people press them hard for a while

C. were specially designed to give people a sense of control

D. cannot speed up the process of closing the door in any case

3.The underlined part “for this same purpose” in Paragraph 6 refers to _______.

A. making people more patient

B. giving people perceived control

C. helping people to build up confidence

D. making people with depression feel better

4.According to John Kounios, people who press fake buttons ______.

A. should give up this habit

B. consider what they do to be meaningless

C. probably do so to kill time

D. don’t know that what they press is fake

 

Several times my daughter had telephoned to say, “Mum, you must come and see the daffodils(水仙花)before they are over.”  I wanted to go, but it was a two-hour drive from Lake Arrowhead. "I will go next Tuesday," I promised, a little unwillingly, on her third call.

The next Tuesday dawned cold and rainy. Still, I had promised, and so I drove there. When I finally walked into Carolyn’s house and hugged and greeted my grandchildren, I said, "Forget the daffodils, Carolyn! The road is invisible (看不见的) in the cloud and fog, and there is nothing in the world except you and these children that I want to see!"

My daughter smiled calmly and said, "We drive in this weather all the time, Mum. You will never forgive yourself if you miss this experience."

After about twenty minutes, we turned onto a small road and I saw a small church. On the far side of the church, I saw a hand-lettered sign that read "Daffodil Garden."

We got out of the car and each took a child’s hand, and I followed Carolyn down the path. Then, we turned a corner of the path, and I looked up amazed. Before me lay the most beautiful sight. Flows of flowers of different colors seemed poured down the peak and slopes. There were five acres of flowers! A sea of daffodil! It was like a fairyland all beyond description.

"But who has done this?" I asked Carolyn. "It’s just one woman." Carolyn answered. "That's her home." Carolyn pointed to a well-kept A-frame house that looked small and modest in the midst of all that glory. We walked up to the house. On the patio (露台), we saw a poster." Answers to the Questions I Know You Are Asking" was the headline.

The first answer was a simple one. "50,000 bulbs (鳞茎)" it read. The second answer was, "One at a time, by one woman." The third answer was, "Began in 1958."

I thought of this woman whom I had never met, who, more than fifty years before, had begun one bulb at a time to bring the beauty and joy to the mountain top. Just planting one bulb at a time, year after year, had changed the world where she lived and created something of magnificence, beauty, and inspiration.

When we multiply tiny pieces of time with small amounts of daily effort, we too can accomplish great things. Everyone can do something to change the world.

1.The writer wasn’t going to see the daffodils at first because ______.

A. she cared more about the children    B. they were on a remote mountain top

C. the weather was not good enough    D. it was not easy for her to drive there

2.What do we know from the passage about the woman who grew daffodil?

A. She must have been a modest woman.

B. It took her great determination to grow the daffodils.

C. She worked as a professional gardener.

D. Being poor, she made a living by selling daffodils.

3.What has the writer learned from this experience?

A. It’s never too late to learn

B. We must put the interests of others above our own.

C. Accumulation of small steps may lead to something magnificent

D. People can change the world where they live by growing flowers

4.Which may be the best title for the passage?

A. One Bulb at a Time    B. I Love Daffodils

C. The Daffodil Garden    D. An Unforgettable Experience

 

假如你是李华,你的朋友Tom邀请你下周去他们学校参加文化交流活动并邀请你向外国朋友介绍中国传统绘画。但你忙于准备下周的考试,不得不拒绝邀请。请根据下面的要点用英语写一封电子邮件:

1.谢绝邀请;2.说明理由;3.推荐朋友王云参加,并说明原因(如从小学习绘画,很了解中国传统绘画以及英语口语情况和个性情况等)

注意:1.词数100左右,开头和结尾已经给出,不计入总词数;

2.可适当增加细节,以使行文连贯。

Dear Tom,

Thank you very much for your invitation.________________ ______________________________________

____________________________________________________________________________________________

____________________________________________________________________________________________

____________________________________________________________________________________________

____________________________________________________________________________________________

____________________________________________________________________________________________

______________________________________________________________________

Best wishes to you!

Yours,

Li Hua

 

假定英语课上老师要求同桌之间交换修改作文,请你修改你同桌系的以下作文。文中共有10处语言错误,每句中最多有两处。错误涉及一个单词的增加、删除或修改。

增加:在缺词处加一个漏词符号(∧),并在其下面写出该加的词。

删除:把多余的词用斜线(\)划掉。

修改:在错的词下划一横线(__),并在该词下面写出修改后的词。

注意:1.每处错误及修改均仅限一词;

2.只允许修改10处,多者(从第11处起)不计分。

It was on a warm autumn day that my father and I walk into my new high school. After registered in the classroom, I was taken to my dormitory by the volunteer. Altogether I had five roommates, two of which arrived later. I got to know my new roommate immediately. Although I was quite unwilling to say “Goodbye” to my father, but he had to leave to home. I suddenly realized I had grown up and that I had to look after me and live independently. Not until then I know my senior high school life had real begun.

 

I was driving home late1.my car lost momentum(动力) and got slower and slower. Nothing I did seemed to make any2. different). “It can’t be fuel,’ I thought. The petrol gauge (汽油标量) was showing I had plenty3.(leave). Then my car died completely after I4.( manage) to roll to the side of the road. It was an extremely dark, lonely country road. Neither a single person 5.any traffic was in sight at all. I felt like an idiot. I should not have left without charging my cell phone. The battery was dead and I was alone without any way6.(contact) my family. Time dripped slowly like a leaking tap.

“God, help me !” I begged anxiously. “Is there someone who will be kind enough to stop and help me out?” 7., there was no sign of anyone. I was starting to panic,8.(feel) completely abandoned. Suddenly I saw a faint light 9.the distance. I waved my white scarf as hard as possible. It was a huge lorry. The driver stopped and kindly drove me to the nearest hotel, 10.I had a rest, and I called my family and explained what had happened . How lucky I was! When he stopped for me, I felt as if I had just found a million dollars.

 

When Alice started to cycle home from Jenny’s house, she wasn’t nervous. She was certainly not afraid of the dark. ________, it was only a 15-minute ride home. But halfway there, she began to wish that she hadn’t been so ________.

As she rounded a sharp bend, it suddenly ________ cold — very cold. Alice’s breath became puffs of white cloud and her legs were so cold that it became hard to ride.

With her heart beating fast, she struggled so hard to move ______ that she didn’t hear the car which suddenly appeared beside her. She stopped by the road. The big black car also ________. Slowly, the passenger-window began to slide down. Alice held her breath. In the soft light inside the car, something ________. Then, the light brightened and Alice was staring at a sweet, grey-haired old lady. “Hello, dear, ” said the old lady. “I need _______. I’m afraid I’m lost. I need to find the nearest airport. I must be there in the next five minutes. ”

“Airport? You ________ are lost, ” Alice said. “You need to go back five kilometers ________ you reach the T-junction. Turn left and ________ for about another 10 kilometers to the main highway. From there, just follow the ________ to the airport. But I’m afraid there’s no ________ you’ll get there in five minutes!”

“Thank you very much, dear, ” replied the old lady. “Don’t worry — I’ll ______ in time. ”

The ________ moved up and the car started off. A little way ahead, it ________ and with headlights flashing, it drove past Alice. But then, something ________ happened. The car began changing. First, its color ________ from black to silvery-grey. Then, the wheels began disappearing, but the car continued to move forward, ________ just above the ground. As the car ________ into the dark sky, the big red tail-lights grew larger and larger and glowed more and more brightly. With a faint whistling ________, the car was gone in seconds, leaving Alice shaking her head in disbelief…

1.A. However    B. Besides    C. Therefore    D. Otherwise

2.A. brave    B. excited    C. curious    D. stubborn

3.A. fell    B. seemed    C. proved    D. grew

4.A. aside    B. around    C. forward    D. backward

5.A. arrived    B. stopped    C. stayed    D. Started

6.A. gathered    B. existed    C. dropped    D. moved

7.A. help    B. gas    C. rest    D. water

8.A. necessarily    B. normally    C. basically    D. certainly

9.A. if    B. until    C. unless    D. as

10.A. drive    B. walk    C. follow    D. march

11.A. address    B. signs                      C. notices    D. guidance

12.A. doubt    B. room    C. time    D. way

13.A. have it    B. get it    C. make it    D. finish it

14.A. door    B. window    C. headlight    D. wheel

15.A. passed    B. rushed    C. turned    D. continued

16.A. strange    B. sensitive    C. imaginable    D. horrible

17.A. developed    B. appeared    C. spread    D. faded

18.A. rolling    B. floating    C. drawing    D. flashing

19.A. pointed    B. returned    C. broke    D. rose

20.A. tune    B. voice    C. sound    D. tone

 

How to Make Friends

Friendship is a very important human relationship and everyone needs good friends. Good friendship has many benefits. It offers companionship, improves self-worth and promotes good health. There are times in our lives such as when we have recently moved into a new town, or changed our jobs or schools. Such changes often leave us without a friend . 1.. But for many of us the process is difficult and requires courage. Below are some helpful suggestions on how to make and keep friends.

1. Associate with others.

The first step to making friends is associating with other people. You can go to public places to meet new people. Besides, you will need to make yourself known by becoming an active member of such places.

2. Start a conversation

Starting a conversation is the second most important step in making new friends. 2. You can always start the conversation. Being able to make small talk is a very useful skill in relating with other people.

3. 3.

Choosing friends with common interests is important in building friendship as these interests would always bring you and your friend together, Hanging out will always be a pleasant experience.

4. Let it grow.

It is a good thing to stay in touch. However, try not to press your new friend with calls, messages or visits as this would likely wear him or her out and finally you may lose your friend. 4.. The best friendships are the ones that grow naturally.

5. Enjoy your friendship

The best way to enjoy your friendship is to allow your friends to be themselves. 5. Try not to change them from who they are to what you want them to be. Become the kind of friend you will want your friend to be to you.

A. Be cheerful.

B. Do things together.

C. Do not wait to be spoken to.

D. Try not to find fault with your friends.

E. Making new friends comes easy for some people.

F. For a friendship to develop you need to stay in touch.

G. So you will need to give your friend time to react to you.

 

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