I often dream of be a teacher. I dream of standing in the platform in the classroom and I give lessons to lovely boys and girls. I teach them, play with them, watch them growing up. I am always young when I was staying with them. I know there is not easy to be a teacher. Without enough knowledges, you can never teach good. Besides, you have to make friends with your pupils and take good care of him.
Though I am a student now, but I will work very hard to make my dream comes true.
Peter: Good news. I contacted the Green Hotel Restaurant and they can fit us in. Their Christmas menu sounds great.
Joan: What is it?
Peter: French onion soup or fruit juice. Roast dinner sounds ordinary 1.________ my friend said it was really2. ________ (taste).
Joan: That’s OK.
Peter: Then 3._______ dessert, there’s traditional Christmas pudding or apple pie, plus coffee.
Joan: Did you book it?
Peter: Well, I said I 4. ________ (check) with the staff first. They will hold the booking until next Wednesday anyway. And if we go ahead, they’d like5. ________￡50 deposit (定金).
Joan: 50 is normal. That’s fine.
Peter: And they say with such large numbers we have to choose the menu 6.________ advance.
Joan: That won’t be a problem. I’ll put up a notice with details of the restaurant and the menu. When did you say they wanted confirmation?
Peter: 7.________ was the 4th of November.
Joan: 8.________ do you think I should put up the notice? We must allow everybody 9.________ (see) it.
Peter: On the cafe notice board.
Joan: Good idea. I will go and do that10._______ (immediate).
阅读下面短文，从短文后各题所给的四个选项（A, B, C和D）中，选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项，并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。
I sat in the chair reflecting on the past year. At that time, my _________ Charley came into the room. Charley took one look at my face and she could _________ I was off in another world. Charley said, “You have that _________ on your face! Tell me what you were_________ ”. “Well, Charley,” I replied, “I was listening to a song on the radio that asked_________ you have done over the last year. When I _________ on the year, I’ve realized I have had such good fortune, with a few bumps (碰撞) along the way.”
Charley immediately asked, “Tell me about the three things that _________ you the most during this year.”
I sat thinking if I had to _________ only three things that influenced me, what would they be? After a few minutes, I said, “OK, here are the three things that influenced me the most: My family. Throughout the year I had many _________, but my family were always there _________ support and encouragement. My friends. Over the years I have _________ my dreams and my goals with my friends. Some goals I have _________ and other goals I have not. _________ friends like you always supported and _________me. My colleagues. I have worked with some_________ people over the last year. I have been very _________ to have the opportunity to work with these excellent people over the last year.”
Charley smiled and said, “Do you realize that everything you have said has one thing in _________ ?”
“What are you saying, Charley?” I asked.
She replied, “One common thing is _________ . Neither the material things in your life, nor your job has had the most meaning in your life. It is the people in your life that have made the biggest _________ in your life!”
I smiled. Material things are not _________ , and while our jobs provide the means of existence for us, the important things in life are the people who touched our lives.
1.A. sister B. classmate C. mother D. frie nd
2.A.argue B. suggest C. tell D. wonder
3.A. look B. appearance C. mark D. mask
4.A. doing B. thinking C. listening D. annoying
5.A. where B. that C. what D. why
6.A. call B. talk C. insist D. reflect
7.A. influenced B. demanded C. entertained D. motivated
8.A. write B. pick C. get D. own
9.A. plans B. experiences C. challenges D. achievements
10.A. receiving B. expecting C. winning D. offering
11.A. shared B. provided C. connected D. compared
12.A. set B. realized C. failed D. scored
13.A. But B. Meanwhile C. Otherwise D. Unless
14.A. accepted B. satisfied C. replaced D. encouraged
15.A. stupid B. brave C. amazing D. ordinary
16.A. fortunate B. miserable C. unhappy D. surprised
17.A. character B. store C. common D. nature
18.A. effort B. spirit C. motivation D. people
19.A. choice B. difference C. problem D. progress
20.A. useful B. important C. practical D. unnecessary
___1.___ This was not because the woods and fields were always far away, but because they were too far from the city to permit people to make a day trip between morning and nightfall.
_2.___ He decided to turn his little school house into a dormitory for the summer holidays. Anyone who brought his sleeping bag and cooking equipment along could stay there for a very small quantity of money. The idea was a success. A few years later, the school house was much too small to hold the many young people who wanted to stay there. __3.__ This was the first hostel (青年招待所).
Today, young students and workers of every country can meet in the hostel and get to know each other. When young people arrive at the hostel, they have only to show their cards of membership in a hostel organization in their own country. ___4._
Often, at the evening meal, a group of boys and girls from various parts of the country or world will happen to meet at the same hostel. They may put their food together and prepare a dinner with many kinds of dishes. Sometimes a program will be organized after the meal with dances, songs, or short talks followed by a question period．___5.__ For this reason, a few weeks spent ‘hostelling’ can be just as useful a part of one’s education as classes in school.
A. In 1970, a young German school master had an idea which changed this situation.
B. People can stay in the hostel if they brought enough equipment with them.
C. One can learn a lot about other places, just by meeting people from those places.
D. As a result, a dormitory was set up in an old castle nearby.
E. For years, children in the industrial areas of Europe seldom left their cities to see the beauties of the countryside.
F. More and more young people went to the hostel for summer holidays.
G. This card will permit them to stay in a hostel all over the world for very low prices.
Revealed to the world by the famous British explorer, Dr David Livingstone, in 1855, the Victoria Falls are one of Africa’s best-known natural wonders. They form a natural border between Zimbabwe (津巴布韦) and Zambia (赞比亚).
The falls are named after Queen Victoria by Livingstone. They were known to the native people in the 18th century as: "the smoke that thunders". The waterfall is formed as the two-kilometer-wide Zambezi River spills (溅) over the edge of its giant stone riverbed and falls into the gorge (山谷) below. At their highest point, the Victoria Falls drop a distance of 108m, almost twice as far as the Niagara Falls. As much as 546 million cubic meters of water per minute falls over the edge from that height.
Viewing the falls from the Zambian side means that visitors can follow a path that goes right up to the falls. The falls can also be viewed from the Boiling Pot, right in the depths of the gorge at the bottom of the falls. The 111-meter-high Victoria Falls Bridge, a railway crossing, is now a popular place for Bungee jumping. It can be crossed on foot for excellent views of the falls and the winding blue-green waters of the Zambezi River. It is also possible to see the falls from a plane.
The area around the falls is a major game-viewing place. The best time to view the Victoria Falls is between December and July, when the water level is the highest. Contact Addresses Tourist Centre, Livingstone, Zambia Tel: (03) 321 404E-mail: email@example.com Website: www.zambiatourism.com。
1.The author of the passage is likely to be ______.
A. a government officer B. a tourist guide
C. a traveler D. a teacher
2.According to the passage, we know that the Victoria Falls ________.
A. are the best place to enjoy Bungee jumping
B. drop twice as far as the Niagara Falls
C. are a man-made wonder in Africa
D. were discovered by a British man
3.How many ways did the author mention to view the falls?
A. 2. B. 3. C. 4. D. 5.
4.The purpose of the passage is to ______.
A. introduce a famous natural wonder —the Victoria Falls
B. tell us the discovery of the Victoria Falls
C. show how the Victoria Falls are formed
D. advise travelers to come to the Victoria Falls
One Halloween a little boy and his friend went out for a fun night of trick-or-treating. At first everything was great. They were getting lots of candy as they went from house to house, but then they saw a house which they hadn’t been to before. It was a very spooky (阴森森的) house. Being young and brave, they decided to go up to the door and knock. After all, scary houses might have the best candy!
As they walked up the long winding path, they saw things that chilled (使恐惧) them to the bone! They heard sounds that frightened them. Maybe they should turn back. But the little boys, being very brave, just wanted to see what was in that house, so they went on, not deterred by the things they heard or saw. As they slowly made their way up to the door, they imagined what might be inside. Maybe it would be a witch or maybe a ghost!
After knocking several times, the door slowly creaked (嘎吱作响) open. To their surprise, a monster (怪物) slowly came out to greet them. They were so scared that they couldn’t move! What could they do? Then the little boy had an idea. He said, "Trick or treat!" Then the big scary monster, much to the kids’ surprise, reached over and brought out a huge bowl of the best candies they had never seen. Wow, the kids thought, this was great! It turned out that the house was decorated for Halloween, and the big scary monster was just wearing a costume, just like the kids. Since they were the only kids, and were brave enough to go to the scary house, they could take as much candy as they wanted.
1.This passage is ______.
A. a funny Halloween story
B. mainly about two brave kids
C. mainly about a spooky house
D. mainly about the custom of Halloween
2.Why do you think the kids were brave enough to enter the strange house?
A. Because they were prepared for what would come to the door.
B. Because they expected to meet other trick-or-treaters inside.
C. Because they were curious about what was in the house.
D. Because they were anxious to get more and better candy.
3.It can be inferred from the passage that _______.
A. the monster was afraid of the phrase "trick or treat"
B. the two kids were also wearing costumes
C. not all families prepared candy for brave kids
D. some other children had been to the house before the two kids
4.The underlined word "deterred" in the second paragraph can be replaced by "______".
A. warned B. delayed
C. attracted D. frightened
When Cathleen Gardiner’s twins were born 17 years ago, doctors told her that they were a pair in a million. One had Down syndrome(低能综合症), while the other did not. Here, Cathleen tells their touching story.
Since Sean was born 17 years ago, I have always thought that he is just as wonderful as his brother and sister. Though he had a disability(残疾), we have never viewed him as a burden. He has always been a blessing. The doctors explained that though they were twins, they came from two different eggs. Lisa could walk at 11 months old, while Sean didn’t take his first steps till he w as three. By two, Lisa was talking a lot, but Sean wasn’t able to speak until he was nearly four.
For the first five years of his life, Sean needed a great deal of care. Looking after him was my full-time job, though I also worked as a technical adviser in a computing company. We never treated them differently. We gave them the same toys and spoke to them in the same way. We encouraged Sean to keep up with Lisa, even though he never could, and we would help him develop his abilities. We sent them to the same primary school even after doctors advised us that Sean should go to a school for the disabled.
We had to explain to Lisa that he wouldn’t learn as quickly as she would. She told us that she’d help him with his school work. Having a non-disabled twin has really helped Sean develop. The love they share has given him a great deal of support. Now Sean and Lisa are both about to finish high school. I don’t think he would have done nearly as well today without Lisa’s help.
1.At least how many children does Mrs. Gardiner have?
A. Two. B. Three. C. Four. D. One.
2.Mrs. Gardiner and her husband regarded Sean as _______.
A. a boy making others touched
B. a normal child without disabilities
C. a special gift
D. a burden of their family
3.The third paragraph mainly tells us that _______.
A. the couple treated the twins equally
B. Cathleen did all she could to look after Sean
C. the couple didn’t follow the doctor’s advice
D. the couple encouraged Sean to grow up
4.This passage tells us that _________.
A. love can do wonders
B. nobody is foolish or clever
C. being stupid doesn’t matter
D. all men are born equal
Last year, I met a little boy to whom my heart went out. He would talk to me every single day, and always seemed to have a smile on his face. His problem was that he stuttered (口吃) extremely badly when he tried to talk. It was really hard to understand what he was saying, although he loved to tell big tales!
One morning, I was talking to the teachers who ran the school store. The boy stopped by and said hello to all of us. Afterwards they told me that the boy would stop every day to ask if they would be there the next day. But of course, he never had money to buy anything.
I decided that I would get him a little something just as a surprise. So I picked out a pencil, a rubber, and a small notebook for just $1.00. I cannot describe the look on his face when I gave him the three little things. Then, without a stutter, he loudly said, "Thank you so much!" and just kept repeating, "Thank you! Thank you!" He gave me a big hug before going off to class.
I was touched to see someone appreciate something that much. As he walked off, he was showing his new stuff to other kids walking to class. I have to say that I have never spent a dollar that would me an so much to me.
1.Why did the boy never buy anything from the store?
A. Because he couldn’t make himself understood.
B. Because the teachers were unwilling to sell him anything.
C. Because he couldn’t afford anything.
D. Because he could never decide what to buy.
2.What do we learn from the third paragraph?
A. Actually the boy had no stutter at all.
B. The boy was too excited to stutter at the moment.
C. What the author had bought helped the boy speak normally.
D. The author wanted to find out whether the boy really had a stutter.
3.Which would be the best title for the passage?
A. A Stuttering Boy
B. Kindness Can Do Wonders
C. One Dollar Can Buy Anything
D. The Best Dollar I Have Spent
Christie was one of my best friend at high school. At that time, we often spend time together. Thank to her help, I made great progress in my study. Last year, she decided to study abroad. In another words, we would be separated for long time. Before her leaving off, I prepared a gift to show my best wishes to him. She said it was the best gift she has ever had. From then on, we’vekept touch with each other through e-mails. I look forward to see her again in the near future.
There are all kinds of festivals throughout the world. Festivals are held 1. (satisfy) and please the ancestors, to honor some famous people or important 2. (event), and to express people's gratitude to the God for bringing them a year of plenty. For example, in India, October 2 is 3. national festival to honor Mahandas Gandhi, the leader 4. helped gain India’s 5. (depend) from Britain. 6. (tradition), in China the Spring Festival, which 7. (celebrate) in January or February, is the most 8. (energy) and important because it is a festival that looks forward 9. the coming of spring. Why are all these festivals everywhere? Because during the festivals, people can get together to eat, drink and have fun with each other, 10. (forget) all the daily struggle and demands for a while.
When I was a boy, we had several gardens around our old house. The largest one of all was used just for ____ potatoes.
I can still remember those days. The whole family ____. My mom, my elder brothers and I went to work ____ my dad turned the soil in the garden. It was my job to ____ the tiny seeds(种子) in rows, and my mom spread fertilizer (化肥) on them. My brothers then ____ them the newly turned soil.
Several months later, I would ____ the garden whenever I played outside, wondering what was going on ____ the ground. When harvest time came, I was ____ at the huge size of the potatoes my dad pulled out of the soil. They would be turned into ____ of roast potatoes, fired potatoes and my personal favorite: potatoes cooked in sauce. They would keep the entire family well-fed throughout the year. It was ____ a miracle (奇迹).
Looking back on those days makes me ____ how many other seeds I have planted in this ____ that have grown unseen in the hearts and ____ of others. How many times has my dad used something little things that I said or did to grow something ____. And how many times...
Every single day of our lives we step out into the ____ of this world. Every single day we plant ____ that can grow into something wonderful. We may never see the growth that comes from the kind words or loving ____ we share. I hope you always tend the garden around you ____. I hope you plant only goodness, ____ and compassion(同情) in the lives of people you meet. I hope every day you help miracles to ____.
1.A. selling B. preserving C. planting D. roasting
2.A. approved B. helped C. observed D. changed
3.A. after B. until C. because D. though
4.A. select B. examine C. compare D. drop
5.A. filled B. connected C. mixed D. covered
6.A. search for B. glance around C. give up D. wish for
7.A. across B. on C. under D. through
8.A. annoyed B. amazed C. embarrassed D puzzled.
9.A. meal after meal B. row after row C. life after life D. day after day
10.A. shortly B. truly C. mainly D. properly
11.A. recognize B. remember C. indicate D. wonder
12.A. process B. house C. life D. period
13.A. stomachs B. minds C. eyes D. bodies
14.A. expensive B. strange C. beautiful D. funny
15.A. part B. field C. garden D. corner
16.A. seeds B. trees C. vegetables D. flowers
17.A. mottos B. friends C. donations D. acts
18.A. with care B. by chance C. in surprise D. on time
19.A. confidence B. wealth C. peace D. power
20.A. return B. recover C. prepare D. grow
Are you truly happy? Do you ever know what it means to be happy and what it takes to achieve happiness? __1.___. The following are a few tips that I follow to create happiness in my life.
※ Make a plan for attaining goals that you believe will make you happy. Your moods will very likely increase if you are going after something you value.
※ Surround yourself with happy people. It is easy to begin to think negatively when you are surrounded by people who think that way. __2.__.
※When something goes wrong, try to figure out a solution instead of being absorbed in self pity. Truly happy people don’t allow setbacks (挫折) to affect their mood because they know that with a little thought they can turn the circumstances back to their favor.
※__3.___. These few minutes will give you the opportunity to focus on the positive things in your life and will lead you to continuous happiness.
※ ___4.__. Whether you treat yourself to lunch, take a long, relaxing bath or simply spend a few extra minutes on your appearance, you will be subconsciously (下意识地) putting yourself in a better mood.
※Finding the humor in situations can also lead to happiness. Find a way to make light of a situation that would otherwise make you happy.
※Keeping healthy is another way to achieve happiness. 5. .
A．It’s also important to take some time each day to do something nice for yourself.
B．What makes one person happy may be very different from what makes someone else happy.
C．On the contrary, if you are around people who are happy, their emotional state will be infectious.
D．Being overweight or not eating nutritious foods can have a negative effect on your mood．
E．These are important questions for anyone who is seeking happiness to ask themselves.
F．Spend a few minutes each day thinking about the things that make you happy.
G．There are some tips in life that lead to happiness.
In a world today of immense technology, population growth and economic flourish, planning for future residential (适合居住的) and commercial developments needs careful analysis with well thought through assumptions about effects on the environment and the people of the community.
One example of a growing city is Wooster, Ohio, my place of residency, Wooster in the last five years has grown considerably in population, leading to a growth in commercial business. Surrounded by farmland, Wooster’s planning commission chose to extend the community into these farm areas in the form of residential and commercial areas.
Picture this—corn fields, old trees, clean air, country roads, and wildlife are all part of the area. Within four years, the people living on this farm step outside on their front porch to view an extensive shopping center containing Wal-Mart, McDonald’s, Wendy’s, TCBY, and a Cinemark movie theatre. The once quiet road is now a city street with traffic lights, busy with automobiles day and night. The air smells of car exhaust and fast food.
Some destruction of farmland is unavoidable when a city expands. Instead of expanding outward, planning commissions should consider interior(内部的) remodeling of a city. Tearing down unusable buildings could remodel many areas inside the city. In addition, commercialized buildings could extend upwards to avoid unnecessary use of land.
Environmentally, commercial expansion is harmful to the land. Besides forms of pollution, wildlife, including both plants and animals, is put at risk. A planning commission could have realized the benefits of environmental protection. Why not preserve the beauty and naturalness of the land while at the same time allowing for growth?
With a steady growth of population and the need for more homes and more workplaces, many problems arise when planning for the future. The hillsides, fields and animal habitats need to be preserved while expanding cities. In the future, a world covered with concrete and asphalt（沥青）could become reality. Serious research and analysis are needed when planning for the future of our home communities and for the entire globe to avoid such a miserable result．
1.It can be inferred from the passage that ______.
A. it is unavoidable to destroy farmland when a city grows
B. Wooster used to be a quiet and peaceful city surrounded by farmland
C. with many nationwide shopping centers, Wooster lost its uniqueness
D. commercial expansion has done no harm to Wooster
2.It can be concluded from the passage that the author thinks Wooster’s planning commission ______.
A. has tried its best to protect the environment
B. preserves the hillsides and fields
C. should have avoided such a tragedy
D. is the cause of environmental pollution
3.Which of the following sentences best expresses the main idea of the passage?
A. Planning for future residential and commercial developments has bad effects on the environment and the living things.
B. With a safety growth of population, more homes and more workplaces are needed.
C. With immense technology, population growth and economic prosperity, we need to plan for the future.
D. When planning for future developments, effects on the environment should be taken into account.
4.What is the writer’s attitude towards the current planning of cities?
A. Critical（批评的）． B. Favorable．
C. Objective（客观的） D. Depressed．
If you are sitting, please stand up. Move your legs. Touch your toes if you can. Do anything but sit. New research shows that if you cut down on the time you spend sitting, you might live longer. Sitting less than three hours a day might extend your life by two years. Cutting television time to less than two hours a day can add one point four years to life.
The human body is designed to move. The fact is just the opposite. Modern lifestyles and office jobs rarely give us the chance to move around. We sit while we’re eating; we sit in the car; we sit while we are watching TV. And most of us sit for many hours at work. Sitting is something we do all the time. On average, Americans sit for four and a half to five hours a day. But that does not make sitting good for us.
Though you may exercise often, that does not mean you can sit for the rest of your waking hours. We can’t throw away physical activity. It is extremely important. Even if you exercise for 30 minutes a day, what goes on in the other 23 and a half hours a day is also very important.
Changes are coming to some offices, especially in the design of desks. A “standing desk” lets people stand while they work. Another new design is called the “treadmill desk”. It is an exercise machine that lets you walk slowly in one place. Even some U.S. schools begin to experiment with desks that are part bicycle to keep children moving.
Many companies may not buy a standing desk for everybody. However, they may get five standing desks or a treadmill desk for their employees and put them in a certain place where people can go for an hour a day to answer their emails or talk on the phone. Experts suggest some other activities: take a walk at lunchtime; walk to the offices and talk directly instead of emailing colleagues. All these activities may help you live longer.
1.Why should people stand up according to the new research?
A. They should touch their toes.
B. Standing more can cure some diseases.
C. Sitting less does people good and may help people live longer.
D. They spend too much time watching TV.
2.What can we learn about sitting?
A. Sitting is the best position for the body.
B. People usually have to sit for a long time nowadays.
C. The more people sit, the better they will be.
D. Americans sit longer every day than people in other countries.
3.What does the underlined word “It” in Paragraph 3 refer to?
A. The walking hour B. Sitting
C. Standing. D. Exercising
4.Which of the following is TRUE according to the passage?
A. The new design of desks can help people sit less.
B. The “treadmill desk” is used by people to run.
C. It’s better for school students to use standing desks.
D. It’s necessary for companies to offer a sitting desk to every employees.
Jeanne Calment, a French woman, became a record breaker on 17 October, 1995, when at the age of 120 years and 238 days, she became the longest-lived human being on record. A Japanese man died in 1986 at the age of 120 years and 237 days.
Jeanne Calment lives in a small old people’s home in the south of France; her husband, her only child and her grandson have all died. She is nearly blind and deaf and is always in a wheelchair, but her doctor describes her as being more like a 90-year-old woman in good health than someone of 120. She still has a lively sense of humor. When asked on her 120th birthday what she expected of the future, she replied: A very short one. She also remarked that she thought the good Lord had forgotten all about her.So what is the key to a long life? According to some doctors, diet, exercise and no smoking are the three important factors. Jeanne Calment has followed two of the tips. She has always eaten a healthy diet, and she used to do exercise every day until she broke her leg at the age of 115. However, until recently she drank two glasses of strong red wine a day, and she does smoke (now only a little). Besides, Jeanne Calment might have got very good genes from her parents. Her father lived to the age of 94 and her mother to 86.
A local lawyer bought her house when she was 80 under an agreement that he would pay her some money every year until her death. It must have seemed a good move at the time, but so far the lawyer has paid her at least three times the value of the house. Every year on her birthday, Jeanne Calment sends him a card saying: Sorry, I’m still alive!
1.How does Jeanne Calment feel about her old age?
A. She is miserable and unhappy.
B. She feels she is going to die very soon.
C. She would like to live much younger.
D. She is cheerful and humorous.
2.Which of the following word could best replace the word “move” in the fourth paragraph?
A. trick B. deal C. march D. sport
3.Why does Jeanne Calment say “Sorry, I’m still alive” to the lawyer every year on her birthday?
A. Because the lawyer has paid her much more money than the value of the house.
B. Because she has asked the lawyer to pay her more rent than they first agreed.
C. Because she had an agreement at 80 with the lawyer which was to her advantage.
D. Because the house she sold to the lawyer is worth the money he has already paid.
Most visitors come to the UK expecting the rain and weather for which the country is famous. However, when summer finally arrives, British people like nothing more than heading for the coast. Here are some of more famous places of interest that you could expect to visit on a trip to Britain. Black pool, in the northwest of England, is the most visited place in the UK. Each year around 6.5 to 7 million people come to enjoy the miles of sandy beaches, the 158m Black pool Tower and the 11km-long Golden Mile, where there are entertainments, pubs, ice rinks (溜冰场) and even a zoo. On the south coast of the country you can find Brighton. Until 1786, Brighton was a sleepy village. Then the future king, George IV, decided to build a house there, and now it has become a large, international centre. Apart from the beaches, Brighton is famous for its pier (码头). There are theatres, entertainments and restaurants there. Brighton is also fantastic for shopping. If you want to travel a little further, why not go to Cornwall in the far southwest of the UK? South Cornwall offers miles of sandy beaches and beautiful scenery. The climate there is warmer than the rest of Britain, and you can even find palm trees. For a bit more excitement, go to North Cornwall. The scenery there is nicer, and the beaches are famous for their powerful waves. As a result, North Cornwall has become the home of British surfing. One word of warning though, if you are using the roads in the UK during holidays, you can expect long traffic jams on the motorways. It might be better to take the train.
1.Which is the best title for this passage?
A. How to Enjoy Your Holidays
B. Let’s Go to the Beach!
C. Welcome to Britain!
D. How to Travel in Britain
2.We may find this passage in a ______.
A. travel guide B. storybook
C. geography book D. news magazine
3.If Andrew likes surfing, which is the best place for him to spend his holidays?
A. Black pool. B. Brighton.
C. North Cornwall. D. South Cornwall.
4.From the passage we can infer that ______.
A. there are no beaches in the east and west of Britain
B. the climate in South Cornwall is attractive to many people
C. the pier is more interesting than the beaches in Brighton
D. Black pool is the most famous place in the UK
1.词数100左右； 2.可适当增加细节，以使行文连贯； 3.开头和结尾已给出，不计入总词数。
We were very shocked to get your letter complaining about the noise from our flat.
Sorry to have caused these problems.
It doesn't matter to fail as long as you don't give up. To my opinion, it is hard to be successful. Challenges were a necessary part of your life as you grow up. And you won't necessary succeed in everything for the first time you try. That's okay. Some of the most successful people in the world are the one who've had the most failures. J．K. Rowling, wrote Harry Potter, had her first Harry Potter book was rejected 12 times before it was finally published. Michael Jordan was removed his high school basketball team. He lost hundreds of games and miss thousands of shots during his career. But he once said, “I have failed over and over and over again in my life. And that's because I succeed.”
My family objected violently when my brother and I said___1.___ were going to spend the Christmas holidays abroad. But nothing could persuade us ___2.__ (stay). Two days__3.___ Christmas, we went to a small town in Southern Germany. We spent ___4.___ whole of Christmas Eve sightseeing.
There were so many activities in the town that they added to our__5.__ (excite). The streets were crowded with people __6.___ the shops were full of wonderful things. In the evening, we went to listen to Christmas songs sung by children around the___7.__ (bright) decorated Christmas tree in the main street. We returned to our hotel late that night, greatly__8.___ (look) forward to the next day when we planned to have a meal at the best restaurant in town. But in the morning the streets were empty.
To make matters worse, all the shops including the restaurants ___9.__ (shut). At last we had to return to our hotel, feeling very miserable. Our Christmas “feast” was a bag of fruits, which my brother had happened to buy the day before. Our thoughts sadly turned to home ___10.___ , at that moment, the entire family must have been wishing us a “Merry Christmas.”
Today I was blessed to turn forty-five years young．
I enjoyed reading all of the awesome _________ from this wonderful website about people giving on their birthdays, so I _________ this would be my chance to experience the joy of _________ on my special day．
My husband took me to the Olive Garden, and our _________ was very nice．We had a great dinner experience and then I tried a warm apple pie that was _________ .Then the waitress, Carlini, brought our bill．
_________ she came back to the table to get our credit card, I knew it was my time to give．I _________ the gift bag on the edge of the table and simply said, " In _________ of my birthday, I want to bless you with a gift．"
Oh, the shock on her face! She said, " No, not for me! It's your birthday! " Then she said, " Can I _________ it in front of you?" And I said that would be fine．
The _________ thing she noticed was the color of the gift bag which was purple．Purple is her favorite color and she actually had a purple tie _________ !
She opened the card and said, " It's Christmas in July．
As she was taking the gift out of the bag, she said she was_________ .It's wonderful to give to someone who is willing to _________ ! She opened the box and saw it was a purple mug （马克杯） that said, "Tip-Top Server-happy to be a beverage （饮料） serving, _________ taking, rushed off my feet, tip collecting waitress!" Inside the mug was a Smile Card and forty-five dollars, a dollar for each _________ of my life．
After _________ the money she looked at my husband and said．You do not have to leave a tip．He just _________ and left her the tip _________ ．
Carlini was so grateful and thankful for what she had received．She said we_________ her year．I thanked her for receiving my gift so beautifully．
I am thankful to God for another year of life and the opportunity to _________ that every day is a great day to give．
1.A．drafts B．questions C．ideas D．novels
2.A．promised B．meant C．concluded D．decided
3.A．giving B．taking C．receiving D．dining
4.A．doorman B．porter C．manager D．waitress
5.A．delicious B．tough C．awful D．cold
6.A．Once B．Until C．When D．Before
7.A．took B．placed C．brought D．left
8.A．favor B．hope C．case D．honor
9.A．see B．hold C．open D．take
10.A．happiest B．first C．best D．very
11.A．on B．over C．in D．across
12.A．excited B．surprised C．confused D．focused
13.A．wear B．try C．receive D．have
14.A．menu B．order C．bill D．tip
15.A．person B．memory C．event D．year
16.A．taking B．seeing C．hiding D．seizing
17.A．nodded B．pretended C．agreed D．ignored
18.A．anyway B．though C．instead D．somehow
19.A．encouraged B．served C．made D．wished
20.A．tell B．discover C．wonder D．recall
（请将答案涂在答题卡上E=AB F=AC G=AD）
What do the world’s most successful people all have in common?
By examining the work habits of over 150 greatest writers and artists and scientists, the researchers including Standford Professor Jeffrey found that high achievers like Robert Moses turn out to be all alike:
Busy ! Busy!
1. In a study of general managers in industry, John Kotter reported that many of them worked 60 to 65 hours per week—which translates into at least six 10-hour days. The ability and willingness to work difficult and tiring hours has characterized many powerful figures. Energy and strength provide many advantages to those seeking to build power.
Just Say No!
The difference between successful people and very successful people is that very successful people say “no” to almost everything. And that’s what gives them the time to accomplish so much.
2. And focus means saying “no” to a lot of distractions(分神).
Know What You Are!
Ignore your weakness and keep improving your strengths. Don’t waste time exploring skill areas where you have little competence. Instead, focus on—and build on—your strengths. 3. .
Create Good Luck!
Luck is not magical—there is a science to it. Richard Wiseman studied lucky people for his book Luck Factor, and broke down what they do right. 4. By being more outgoing, open to new ideas, following the feeling that something is true, being optimistic, lucky people create possibilities.
Does applying these principles to your life actually work? Wiseman created a “luck school” to test the ideas—and it was a success. In total, 80 percent of people who attended Luck School said that their luck had increased. 5. .
A. Spend enough time to improve your weakness.
B. Achievement requires focus.
C. On average, these people reported that their luck had increased by more than 40 percent.
D. They never stop working and they never lose a minute.
E. Busy people are more likely to be lucky.
F. This means knowing who you are, what you are and what you are good at.
G. Certain personality types are luckier because they behave in a way that offer the chance for good opportunities.
Food festivals around the world
Stilton Cheese Rolling
May Day is a traditional day for celebrations, but the 2,000 English villagers of Stilton must be the only people in the world who include cheese rolling in their annual plans. Teams of four, dressed in a variety of strange and funny clothes , roll a complete cheese along a 50-metre course. On the way, they must not kick or throw their cheese, or go into their competitors' lane. Competition is fierce and the chief prize is a complete Stilton cheese weighing about four kilos (disappointingly, but understandably the cheeses used in the race are wooden ones). All the competitors are served with beer or port wine, the traditional accompaniment for Stilton cheese.
Fiery Foods Festival—The Hottest Festival on Earth
Every year more than 10,000 people head for the city of Albuquerque, New Mexico. They come from as far away as Australia, the Caribbean and China, but they all share a common addiction—food that is not just spicy ,but hot enough to make your mouth burn, your head spin and your eyes water. Their destination is the Fiery Food and BBQ Festival which is held over a period of three days every March. You might like to try a chocolate-covered habanero pepper—officially the hottest pepper in the world—or any one of the thousands of products that are on show. But one thing's for sure—if you don't like the feeling of a burning tongue, this festival isn't for you!
La Tomatina—The World's Biggest Food Fight
On the last Wednesday of every August, the Spanish town of Bunol hosts Ea Tomatina—the world's largest food fight. A week-long celebration leads up to an exciting tomato battle as the highlight of the week's events. The early morning sees the arrival of large trucks with tomatoes—official fight-starters get things going by casting tomatoes at the crowd.
The battle lasts little more than half an hour, in which time around 50,000 kilograms of tomatoes have been thrown at anyone or anything that moves, runs, or fights back. Then everyone heads down to the river to make friends again—and for a much-needed wash!
1.Where is the Fiery Food and BBQ Festival held?
A. In New Mexico. B. In the Caribbean.
C. In Australia. D. In China.
2.The celebration of La Tomatina lasts .
A. three days B. seven days
C. less than three days D. more than seven days
3.Which of the following is TRUE according to the passage?
A. The chief prize for the Stilton cheese rolling competition is beer or port wine.
B.More than 10,000 Chinese take part in the Fiery Food and BBQ Festival.
C. Thousands of spicy foods are on show in the Fiery Food and BBQ Festival.
D. An exciting tomato battle takes place at the beginning of La Tomatina.
It can be rude to talk politics over dinner…explicitly at least. But subtle linguistic cues might reveal more than you think about your political views, whether at the dinner table—or on Twitter. "There's a lot of information in the details of our language." Matthew Purver, a computational linguist at Queen Mary University of London. "The little words we use, the way we join together our sentences, and the kind of interactional patterns, where we react to other people."
Purver’s research team used Twitter as their communications forum, randomly selecting 28,000 users, half of whom clearly followed one political party’s Twitter feeds, for example, @GOP, but not the other, for a more or less even split among Republicans and Democrats. Then they analyzed the words in those users' timelines during a two-week period in June 2014.
As you might expect, the tweets of users who followed Republican accounts were a lot more likely to contain words like "obamacare" and "benghazi," whereas "bridge gate" came up more among Democratic followers.
But the researchers also found that the left-leaners were much more likely to use words like sh#& and fu@$ than were the righties. And whereas Republican followers preferred plural pronouns like "we" or "us," Democratic followers used more singular pronouns, like "I" or "me.".
That pronoun use could reflect previous work on how people on the right and left forge their political views. "People on the right end of the political spectrum are more likely to be concerned with group conformity. Whereas people who tend to be on the left are perhaps more likely to see their morals or their values deriving from individualistic ideas, if you like." The study is in the journal PLoS ONE.
Of course, just following a political account is not proof of political belief. But these findings suggest that algorithms may increasingly be able to read between the lines, detecting nuances in human communication that even we humans can't perceive.
1.What is the meaning of "There's a lot of information in the details of our language." ?
A. Information can be conveyed through the way of word combination, sentence pattern, etc. explicitly or implicitly.
B. We convey our meaning directly through language.
C. People say what they want.
D. Language is the only way we convey our meaning.
2.What result does Purver’s research team find?
A. Republican followers used more singular pronouns.
B. Democratic followers preferred plural pronouns like "we" or "us".
C. Republican followers are more likely to be concerned with group conformity.
D. Democratic followers did not care about government issues because they value individuality
3.What preference can pronoun use reflect?
A. That pronoun use could not reflect people’s political views.
B. Democratic followers are more likely to see their morals or their values deriving from individualistic ideas.
C. Either Democratic or Republican followers choose the pronouns at random.
D. Republican followers’ political views are on the left because they like to use the word conformity.
4.Which of the following is true?
A. It’s right to talk about politics over dinner.
B. People use Twitter to express their political views explicitly.
C. Humans may not perceive what we convey through language.
D. Linguistics has nothing to do with algorithms.
Today, one can trace Venice’s rich past from its buildings. Most cities can claim at least a handful of outstanding churches, palaces or houses of historical interest, but in Venice very nearly everything is remarkable, from the magnificent Piazza San Marco (St. Mark’s Square ) and the palaces that line the Grand Canal to the centuries-old homes of simple fishermen. It would be easy to say that the city itself is an enormous museum if it were not for the fact it is so obviously alive.
At first sight, Venice looks unbelievably permanent, an apparently complete Renaissance (文艺复兴) city so untouched by time that there seems no reason why it should not go on forever. Now the city is slowly sinking, as the clay on which it is built loses its elasticity (弹性) and the massive wooden piles rot (腐烂) away. Flooding, such a rare occurrence a hundred years ago now happens several times each winter.
The damage caused by the flooding is immense, and the fabric of the ancient buildings is now being further damaged by pollution from the mainland town as well as by the wash produced by the constantly increasing number of motor boats that speed up and down the canals.
A further threat to Venice comes from the Venetians themselves, some of whom are not particularly interested in preserving the city as one of the wonders of the world and would prefer to see it modernized.
“What better place is there for the meeting of dear friends? See how it glows with the advancing summer; how the sky and the sea and the rosy air and the marble of the palaces all glimmer and melt together.” Thus wrote the famous author Henry James, of Venice, which provided the setting for his story “The Aspern Papers”, in the nineteenth century. The Splendor of Venice has captured the imagination of artists for centuries --- and not just of the great painters and novelists. How tragic now that she is faced with the double threat of man and nature. Venice indeed will be lucky to survive.
1.Venice proudly boasts .
A. its beautiful churches, palaces and houses
B. its unique St. Mark’s Square and the Grand Canal
C. its picturesque waterscape
D. its marvelous ancient buildings
2.The writer thinks that .
A. Venice can be regarded as a big museum
B. Venice is no longer a big museum
C. Venice is different from a big museum
D. Venice can never be a big museum because of its modernization
3.From the fourth paragraph, we know that .
A. Venetians are eager to modernize their city
B. Venetians value the Grand Canal
C. Venetians don’t care about any threat to the Grand Canal.
D. the threat of man is greater than the threat of nature
4.In the last paragraph, the writer .
A. is very confident that Venice will survive
B. is doubtful whether Venice will survive
C. thinks that Venice will have luck
D. is afraid that Venice will no longer attract artists and novelists
Etymology, the study of words and word roots, may sound like the kind of thing done by boring librarians in small, dusty rooms. Yet etymologists actually have a uniquely interesting job. They are in many ways just like archaeologists (考古学家) digging up the physical history of people and events. The special aspect of etymology is that it digs up history, so to speak, through the words and phrases that are left behind.
The English language, in particular, is a great field to explore history through words. As a language, English has an extraordinary number of words. This is partly due to its ability to adapt foreign words so readily. For example, “English” words such as kindergarten (from German), croissant (from French), and cheetah (from Hindi) have become part of the language with little or no change from their original sounds and spellings. So English-language etymologists have a vast world of words to explore.
Another enjoyable thing about etymology for most word experts is solving word mysteries (谜). No, etymologists do not go around solving murders, like the great detective Sherlock Holmes. What these word experts solve are mysterious origins of some of our most common words.
One of the biggest questions English language experts have pursued is how English came to have the phrase OK. Though it is one of the most commonly used expressions, its exact beginning is a puzzle even to this day. Even its spelling is not entirely consistent-- unless you spell it Okay, it is hard even to call it a word.
Etymologists have been able to narrow OK’s origin down to a likely, although not certain, source (来源). It became widely used around the time of Martin Van Buren’s run for president in 1840. His nickname was Old Kinderhook. What troubles word experts about this explanation is that the phrase appeared in some newspapers before Van Buren became well known. It is likely that Van Buren could be called its primary source. Etymologists will doubtlessly keep searching for the original source. However, it is clear that OK’s popularity and reputation have topped those of the American president to whom it has been most clearly linked.
1.The author mentions the words like “croissant” in Paragraph 2 to show _______.
A. words have changed a lot in the two languages
B. what English-language etymologists are exploring now
C. English has absorbed many words from other foreign languages
D. the English vocabulary is difficult to the non-English-speaking people
2.The underlined word “pursued” in Paragraph 4 means _______.
A. looked upon B. dug up C. put in D. set down
3.We can learn from the passage that etymologists _______.
A. discover the possible origin of words
B. help detectives to solve mysterious murders
C. write interesting stories for some newspapers
D. explore the English language as well as the recent events
4.What most probably is the major purpose of the passage?
A. To present the history of English words.
B. To explain what an etymologist does for his job.
C. To introduce the pleasure of the study of words and word roots.
D. To teach readers how to tell English words from non-English words·
America’s holiday shopping season started on Black Friday, the day after Thanksgiving.
1. Shoppers make the most money this time of year, about 20 percent to 30 percent of all revenue all year. About 136 million people shopped during the Thanksgiving Holiday weekend.
2. In an era of instant information, shoppers can use their mobile phones to find deals. Nearly 80 percent of this year’s holiday shoppers, or about 183.8 million people, shopped on Cyber Monday. 3. Online spending on Black Friday rose 15 percent to hit $2.7 billion this year. Cyber Monday spending increased 12 percent to $3 billion. NBC News reported that for many, shopping online was a more comfortable alternative than crowded malls.
The shift to online shopping has had a big impact on solid shopping malls. Since 2010, more than 24 shopping malls have closed and an additional 60 are struggling. Fortune says the weakest of the malls have closed. However, the business in malls is thriving again, it adds. According to a survey, 94.2percent of malls were full with shops by the end of 2014. 4.
The average American consumer will spend about $805 on gifts. That’s about $630.5 billion between November and December – an increase of 3.7 percent from last year.
5. That goes to China’s Singles’ Day, celebrated on November 11, which posted record sales of $14.3 billion in 2015.
A．More and more people shop online nowadays.
B．That is the highest level in 27 years.
C．It is the busiest shopping day of the year.
D．One-in-five Americans used a tablet or smart-phone.
E．The traditional mall industry can hardly survive.
F．Cyber Monday falls on the Monday after Thanksgiving and Black Friday.
G．Nonetheless, Cyber Monday is not the biggest online shopping day in the world.
First Lady Michelle Obama is on a five-day trip to Asia. She is visiting Japan and Cambodia to help publicize a program called "Let Girls Learn". Administration officials set up the campaign to support the education of millions of girls worldwide.
Before her trip, Mrs. Obama and her husband noted the inability of an estimated 62-million girls to attend school. They said educating the girls should be a foreign policy goal.
This week, Mrs. Obama criticized the fact that tens of millions of girls are not receiving a satisfactory education. In her opinion piece, she wrote this failure to educate girls it was more than "a tragic waste of potential." It is both a serious public health issue and a problem for the economic health of nations and the world. She also said it was "a threat to the security of countries around the world".
The First Lady noted by 2012, every part of the developing world was educating both girls and boys in primary schools. But this is not the case in secondary education. She wrote in some areas girls face "the cultural values and practices that limit the prospects of women in their societies ".
The Obama administration launched the "Let Girls Learn" campaign earlier this month. At the time, Mrs. Obama noted plans to involve the U.S. Peace Corps, and the Volunteer Development Agency.
"This effort will draw on the talent and energy of the nearly 7,000 Peace Corps volunteers serving in more than 60 countries. Through this effort, Peace Corps will be supporting hundreds of new community projects to help girls go to school and stay in school. And, I want to emphasize that these programs will be community-generated and community-led. They will be based on solutions devised by local leaders, families and yes, even the girls themselves."
President Obama also spoke at the same White House event, saying that campaign is important to his administration.
1.Why did Michelle Obama make the trip to Asia?
A. To get help from Peace Corps.
B. To set up the "Let Girls Learn" program.
C. To promote an educational program.
D. To develop Japan-US relationship.
2.These statements may be Michelle Obama’s opinion EXCEPT_____.
A. girls in developing countries have greater potential than boys
B. girls have the same right to receive higher education
C. having girls educated should be a foreign policy goal
D. failing to educate girls affects the world’s economy
3.What is the main idea of the sixth paragraph?
A. How the Peace Corps are organized.
B. What the plan for the campaign is.
C. Who are in charge of the program.
D. Where the campaign will be carried out.
4.What may be talked about in the next paragraph?
A. The achievements they have achieved.
B. The measures they have taken.
C. The possible problems they will meet.
D. The importance of the educational program.
Allow me to introduce you to Terry, a window salesman from England. If I could take you back about 20 years, you’d know Terry as a complete green hand, who was wet behind the ears in just about everything he attempted. A person couldn’t sell false teeth to his own Granny, let alone he could compete with the other salespeople in the industry. You know, the kind who could sell snow to Eskimos.
Terry’s boss decided to send him out on a practical field trip on his first day. So off he went, but he was extremely nervous. With his hands and his knees shaking, he approached the front door and knocked at it. And an old woman appeared. After dozens of cups of tea and pieces of biscuits, the woman signed a contract and purchased over $7,000 worth of windows.
The woman had already talked with 6 excellent salesmen that week, all of whom offered her cheaper ones! That’s right—Terry’s price was the most expensive and he was also the most inexperienced salesman there ever was.
So, what happened then? Here comes the secret. The woman said she liked the young lad more than the others. That’s all there was to it. She didn’t care about the extra expense. Even the other salesmen couldn’t persuade her to pay less than this young lad was asking for.
The truth is that the young lad left on the woman the first impression that shone brighter than any of the salesman’s talk. First impressions count, not the sales techniques, not the low prices. The actual “personality” the kid honestly gave was all that was required. If you market your own products and services, consider what impression you are giving to others. If you appeal to them, then you’ve already done half of the work. If this means redesigning your presentation, then so be it. If this means going out of your way to be polite, helpful and giving the best possible shopping experience to your customers, the so be it.
1.When Terry was offered the job of salesman, he .
A. was good at sales techniques
B. knew little about sales skills
C. was believed in by his boss
D. was too young to do it
2.The underlined sentence in Paragraph 1 suggests that .
A. Terry couldn’t trade with Eskimos
B. Terry loved his Granny more
C. Terry was afraid to compete
D. Terry was too honest to do the job
3.What made the young lad succeed in selling the window to the old woman?
A. First impression of good personality.
B. Being honest and childish.
C. High quality and expensive window.
D. Strange ways of sales.
4.The passage is most likely written to .
A. general readers B. new salesmen
C. window makers D. new graduates
It was a hot, humid day, and my brother Walt and I had decided that the only way to survive it would be to go swimming in a deep swimming hole across Mr. Blickez’s pasture(牧场) and through some woods.
The only problem with our plan was that this pasture was guarded by a huge, mean Hereford bull. Mr. Blickez had told us that Elsie was the meanest bull in the township, maybe even the county, and we believed him. But the hotter it got, the more we thought there was something fishy about his claim. For one thing, we remembered Mr. Blickez liked telling tall tales; for another, Elsie seemed like an odd name for a bull.
Finally, I talked Mom into asking permission for us to walk through the pasture, but then another problem surfaced. Mom said she would talk to Mr. Blickez if we would take our cousin Joanie along with us. Joanie was almost two years older than me and a head taller. If her teasing ever got around my grade school, it would be all over for me. In fact, I still had a headache from a quarrel with her that morning. “I’m not going swimming with that dumb girl cousin.” I told my mom.
“Either Joanie goes with, or you stay home alone,” Mom said in her serious tone. I gave in and we set out. On our way across the pasture, Walt yelled suddenly. Elsie had approached him quietly and was licking(舔) his back.Joanie and I dove under the wire fence, but while I was on the ground I looked up and saw that Elsie wasn’t a big mean bull after all. She was going to keep licking my brother’s back as long as he stood still.
We had many good days growing up and visiting our secret swimming hole guarded by the so-called “big mean bull”. And as it turned out, for a girl cousin, Joanie hasn’t been too bad. She’s been one of my best friends over the years.
1.What’s the meaning of the underlined word “fishy” in paragraph 2?
A. Funny B. Interesting
C. Doubtful D. Believable
2.What’s the second problem the author has to face
A. His mother insisted on his cousin going with him.
B. His cousin made jokes on him in his grade school.
C. He quarreled with his cousin and had a headache.
D. His mother failed to ask permission for him.
3.What does the author think of Elsie in the end
A. Aggressive. B. Unkind.
C. Bad-tempered. D. Friendly.
4.What’s the passage mainly about
A. The bull guarding Mr. Blickez’s farm.
B. The story of visiting the swimming hole.
C. How friendly the so-called mean bull was.
D. How the author changed his attitude to Joanie.