Good manners are important, but you can easily make a social blunder when you visit a foreign country, because sometimes good manners in one place are bad manners in other places.

Suppose you visit some friends in Mongolia and they ask you to eat with them. What kind of manners do they want you to have? They want you to give a loud burp after you finish eating. Burping shows that you like your food. But in some other countries, if you give a loud burp, you are supposed to say, Excuse me, please.

In many places people like to eat together. But in some parts of Polynesia it is bad manners to be seen eating together. People show their good manners by turning their backs on others while they eat.

What are manners like in an East African town? The people try not to see you. When you are visiting a friend, he may not see you at all. If you are polite, you will sit down beside him. You will wait until he finishes what he is doing. Then he will talk to you.

If you visit a friend in Arabia you should walk behind other tents until you come to his tent. If you pass in front of other tents, you will be asked into each one. The people will ask you to eat with them. And it is bad manners if you say no.

Manners are different all over the world. But it is good to know that all manners help people show that they want to be friends.

1. People turn their backs to others while they eat in some places in______.

A. Mongolia 

B. an East African town

C. Polynesia

D. Arabia

2. In an East African town, people try not to see you. This is because______.

A. they are not your friends

B. they dont want to talk with you

C. it is good manners

D. they are waiting for you to talk with them

3.Which is true according to the passage?

A. People show they are friendly in different manners.

B. Good manners are the same in different countries.

C. In the East African town the people who try not to see you are not polite at all.

D. In Arabia it is polite to say no when people invite you to eat with them.



   1 未及时回信的原因。

   2 你假期的打算(如做兼职 旅游 做志愿者等)。




假定英语课上老师要求同桌之间交换修改作文,请你修改你同桌写的以下作文。文中共有10处语言错误,每句中最多有两处。错误涉及一个单词的增加;删除或修改。 第二节 短文改错 (共10小题,每小题1分,满分10分)






June 12, Sunday

Today is Sunday. I didn’t get up early as usually. In the morning after I finished my homework, I do some washing. Then I telephoned one of my classmate and invited him to see a film.

And unfortunately, when we got to the cinema at 3:00 pm we found all the tickets had sold out. Then we went to our school and played the football. Later, we were about to go home while we saw our English teacher came through the school gate. He told us we had made many progress in English this term. He also suggested that we read more and wrote more. We promised him that we would follow his advice.



    It is unnecessary for the journalists to take a camera __1.___ they have ___2._____( 专业的) photographers with them .The journalists should be curious and they must have a good “nose” for  a story and use research to  inform themselves __3.____the missing parts of the story. They know __4.___ to acquire the information they need ,and they will not be rude while ___5.__(采访).They will listen to the interviewee____6.__(careful) rather than talk too much themselves .They have to listen for ___7.__(detail) facts and prepare the next question  depending  on __8.__ the person says.  ___9.____ the interviewee agrees, they can use a recorder to get the facts straight so as to support ___10._  stories .



Once upon a time, there was a large mountainside, where an eagle’s nest rested. The eagle’s     contained four large eagle eggs. One day an earthquake rocked the mountain,    one of the eggs to roll down the mountain     a chicken farm, which was in the valley below. The chickens knew that they must     and care for the eagle’s egg, so an old hen     to hatch () and raise the large egg.

   One day, the egg hatched and a beautiful     was born. Sadly, however, the eagle was raised to be a(n)     . Soon, the eagle believed he was    more than a chicken. The eagle     his home and family, but his spirit cried out for more. While playing a game on the farm one day, the eagle looked at the skies above and     a group of eagles soaring in the skies. “Oh,” the eagle cried, “I wish I could soar     those birds.” The chickens shouted with laughter, “You cannot soar like those birds. You are a chicken and chickens do not     .”

  The eagle     staring at his real family up above ,    that he could be with them high in the sky. Each time the eagle wanted to let his     be known, he was told it couldn’t be done. That is    the eagle learned to believe. Slowly, the eagle     his dreaming and continued to live his life like a chicken.    , after a long life as a chicken, the eagle     .

   You will become what you believe you are; so if you ever dream of becoming an eagle,    your dreams, not the words of a chicken.

1.A. homeB. nestC. familyD. hotel

2.A. guidingB. blowing C. invitingD. causing

3. A. onB. overC. toD. past

4.A. protectB. punishC. introduceD. share

5. A. offeredB. regrettedC. triedD. turned

6.A. eggB. henC. eagle D. chicken

7.A. chickenB. eagleC. hero D. fool

8.A. somethingB. nothingC. anythingD. everything

9.A. lovedB. hatedC. dislikedD. appreciated

10.A. heardB. recognizedC. respectedD. noticed

11.A. likeB. overC. forD. against   B. soarC. singD. swim

13.A.approachedB. avoidedC. continuedD. considered

14.A. promising B. provingC. dreamingD. believing

15.A. suggestionB. advantageC. discoveryD. dream

16.A. whyB. whatC. howD. when

17.A. wentB. enjoyedC. stoppedD. began

18.A. Happily      B. FinallyC. Quickly D. Probably

19.A. gave up B. broke downC. died outD. passed away

20.A. stick B. haveC. followD. remember


The Internet has opened up a whole new online world for us to meet, chat and go where weve never been before.

But just as in face to face communication, there are some rules of behavior that should be followed when on line. 1.  Imagine how youd feel if you were in the other persons shoes.

For anything youre about to send: ask yourself, Would I say this to the persons face? if the answer is no, rewrite and reread.  2. 

If someone in the chat room is rude to you, your instinct (本能) is to fire back in the same manner. But try not to do so. 3.  If it was caused by a disagreement with another member, try to fix the situation by politely discussing it. Remember to respect the beliefs and opinions of others in the chat room.

4.   Offer advice when asked by newcomers, as they may not be sure what to do or how to communicate. When someone makes a mistake, whether its a stupid question or an unnecessarily long answer, be kind about it. If its a small mistake, you may not need to say anything. Even if you feel strongly about it, think twice before saying anything. Having good manners yourself doesnt give you license to correct everyone else. 5.   At the same time, if you find you are wrong, be sure to correct yourself and apologize to those that you have offended.

It is not polite to ask others personal questions such as their age, sex and income. Unless you know the person very well, and you are both comfortable with sharing personal information, dont ask such questions.

A. Its natural that there are some people who speak rudely or make mistakes online.

B. Repeat the process till you feel sure that youd feel comfortable saying the words to the persons face.

C. Everyone was new to the network once.

D. The basic rule is simple: treat others in the same way you would want to be treated.

E. When you send short messages to a person online, you must say something beautiful to hear.

F. You should either ignore the person, or use your chat software to block their messages.

G. If you do decide to tell someone about a mistake, point it out politely. 


Light travels at a speed which is about a million times faster than the speed of sound. In one second, light travels about 300,000 km, but sound travels only 344m. You can get some idea of this difference by watching the start of a race. If you stand some distance away from the starter, you can see smoke come from his gun before the sound reaches your ears. This great speed of light produces some strange facts. Sunlight takes about 8 minutes to reach us. If you look at the light of the moon tonight, remember that the light rays(光线)left the moon 1.3 seconds before they reached you. The nearest star is so far away that the light which you can see from it tonight started to travel towards you four years ago at a speed of nearly 2 million km per minute. In some cases the light from one of tonight’s stars started on its journey to you before you were born.

  Thus, if we want to be honest, we cannot say “The stars are shinning tonight.” We have to say, “The stars look pretty. They were shining four years ago but their light has only just reached Earth.” 

1.If you stand 200 meters away from a man who is firing a gun to start a race, you will find out that _____.

A. you can hear the gun before you see the smoke.

B. sound does not travel as fast as light.

C. the sound of the gun will reach you before the man fires his gun.

D. sound travels about a million times faster than light.

2.Sunlight clearly _____ than the light of the moon.

A. has to travel a greater distance 

B. moves less quickly

B. travels much more quickly   

D. is less powerful

3.What does “it” in the second paragraph refer to?

A. moon light                 B. light rays

C. the nearest star           D. the moon

4.The light of the nearest star you see tonight has been ______ for years.

A. on the earth              B. on the moon  

C. away from the sun         D. away from the star


                  Three Boys and a Dad

Brad closed the door slowly as Sue left home to visit her mother. Expecting a whole day to relax, he was thinking whether to read the newspaper or watch his favorite TV talk show on his first day off in months. “This will be like a walk in the park,” he’d told his wife. “I’ll look after the kids, and you can go and visit your mom.”

Things started well, but just after eight o’clock, his three little “good kids”—Mike, Randy, and Alex—came down the stairs in their night clothes and shouted “breakfast, daddy.” When food had not appeared within thirty seconds, Randy began using his spoon on Alex’s head as if it were a drum. Alex started to shout loudly in time to the beat(节拍). Mike chanted “Where’s my toast, where’s my toast” in the background. Brad realized his newspaper would have to wait for a few seconds.

Life became worse after breakfast. Mike wore Randy’s underwear on his head. Randy locked himself in the bathroom, while Alex shouted again because he was going to wet his pants. Nobody could find clean socks, although they were before their very eyes. Someone named “Not Me” had spilled a whole glass of orange juice into the basket of clean clothes. Brad knew the talk show had already started.

By ten o’clock, things were out of control. Alex was wondering why the fish in the jar refused his bread and butter. Mike was trying to show off his talent by decorating the kitchen wall with his colour pencils. Randy, thankfully, appeared to be reading quietly in the family roombut closer examination showed that he was eating apple jam straight from the bottle with his hands. Brad realised that the talk show was over and reading would be impossible.

At exactly 11:17, Brad called the daycare centre (日托所).“I suddenly have to go into work and my wife’s away. Can I bring the boys over in a few minutes?” The answer was obviously “yes” because Brad was smiling.

1.When his wife left home. Brad expected to           .

A. go out for a walk in the park   

B. watch TV talk show with his children

C. enjoy his first day off work

D. read the newspaper to his children

2.Which of the following did Randy do?

A. Drawing on the wall                 B. Eating apple jam

C. Feeding the fish.                    D. Reading in a room

3.Why did Brad ask the daycare centre for help?

A. Because he wanted to clean up his house.

B. Because he suddenly had to go to his office

C. Because he found it hard to manage his boys home.

D. Because he had to take his wife back



The Healthy Habits Survey(调查)shows that only about one third of American seniors have correct habits. Here are some findings and expert advice.

1. How many times did you brush your teeth yesterday?

FindingA full 33% of seniors brush their teeth only once a day.

StepRemove the 300 types of bacteria in your mouth each morning with a battery-operated toothbrush. Brush gently for 2 minutes, at least twice a day.

2. How many times did you wash your hands or bathe yesterday?

FindingSeniors, on average, bathe fewer than 3 days a week. And nearly 30%wash their hands only 4 times a day-half of the number doctors recommend.

StepWe touch our faces around 3,000 times a day-often inviting germs(病菌)to enter our mouth, nose, and eyes. Use toilet paper to avoid touching the door handle. And, most important, wash your hands often with hot running water and soap for 20 seconds.

3. How often do you think about fighting germs?

FindingSeniors are not fighting germs as well as they should.

StepBe aware of germs. Do you know it is not your toilet but your kitchen sponge(海绵)that can carry more germs than anything else? To kill these germs, keep your sponge in the microwave for 10 seconds.

1.What is found out American seniors?

A. Most of them have good habits.

B. Nearly 30% of them bathe three days a week .

C. All of them are fighting germs better than expected .

D. About one third of them brush their teeth only once a day

2.Which of the following is true according to the text ?

A. We should keep from touching our faces.  

B. There are less than 300 types of bacteria in the mouth .

C. A kitchen sponge can carry more germs than a toilet .

D. We should wash our hands before touching a door handle .

3.The text probably comes from       .

A. a guide book 

B. a popular magazine 

C. a book review 

D. an official document



1. 上课不能迟到。

2. 教室要保持(keep)干净和安静。

3. 见到老师要问好。(greet)

4. 不允许在教室里吃东西。

5. 不许在课堂上听音乐,玩游戏。

6. 不要损害花草树木。(pick flowers; climb trees)



Dear Mary,

I receive your E-mail just now. Don’t worry about me. I’m getting on well with my research work in the lab. But to my greatly surprise you say you will give up learn English. The reason is because you have not done well in it recently and you have lost interests. I’m afraid I couldn’t agree with you. I know it is difficulty to learn English, and English is widely used in the world today. It will be important tool in our future work. Beside, it is becoming more and more important in our daily life. If you study hard, you will be succeed. Do remember that where there is a will, there is a way. I’ m looking forward to hearing good news from you.


                                           Li Hua


One morning Wangpeng sat in his empty restaurant feeling very frustrated and 1. (know) why there were no customers in his restaurant. Suddenly he saw his friend 2. (hurry) by. To figure out why Li Chang wasn’t coming to eat in his restaurant just   3.   he always did, he followed him to a small new restaurant. 4.   (curious) drove him inside. There Wangpeng met Yonghui, the owner of the new restaurant, whose diet was mainly slimming food to help people lose weight and be fit in a short time. After his research, Wangpeng discovered the weaknesses and 5. (strong) of the diets both in his and Yonghui’s restaurants. 6. (drive) back home, Wangpeng rewrote his sign. The competition between them was 7. .

A few weeks later, Wangpeng and Yonghui met again in his restaurant. Instead of 8.(quarrel) with each other, they combined their ideas and provided a 9.  (balance) menu with food full of energy and fibre. Finally they got 10. (marry) and lived happily.


One day an ant was drinking at a small stream and fell in. She made desperate efforts to reach the side, but made no progress at all. The poor ant almost exhausted was still bravely doing her best when a dove saw her. Moved with pity, the bird threw her a blade of grass, which supported her like a raft, and thus the ant reached the bank again. While she was resting and drying herself in the grass, she heard a man come near. He was walking along barefooted with a gun in his hand. As soon as he saw the dove, he wished to kill it. He would certainly have done so, but the ant bit him in the foot just as he raised his gun to fire. He stopped to see what had bit him, and the dove immediately flew away. It was an animal much weaker and smaller than herself that had saved her life.

1.The ant could not reach the side though ________.

A. she could smell well

B. she asked the dove to save her

C. she tried very hard

D. she cried for help

2.The dove saved the ant because ________.

A. she was the ant's friend

B. she took pity on the poor ant

C. the ant was almost exhausted

D. the ant had been struggled in the water for a long time

3.The ant succeeded in getting on the bank with the help of ________.

A. a leafB. a piece of wood

C. a blade of grassD. a raft

4.Just as the man shot at the dove, ________.

A. the dove immediately flew away

B. the dove hid himself in the grass

C. the ant told the dove to leave at once

D. he felt something biting him in the foot

5.In writing the story, the writer wants to show ________.

A. how kind the dove was

B. how clever the ant was

C. how the ant and the dove helped each other

D. we often need help from others, therefore we should help others as much as we can


An old lady in a plane had a blanket(毯子)over her head and she did not want to take it off. The air hostess spoke to her, but the old lady said, “I have never been in a plane before, and I am frightened. I am going to keep this blanket over my head until we are back on the ground again!”

Then the captain came. He said, “Madam, I am the captain of this plane. The weather is fine, there are no clouds in the sky, and everything is going very well. ”But she continued to hide.

So the captain turned and started to go back. Then the old lady looked out from under the blanket with one eye and said, “I am sorry, young man, but I don’t like planes and I am never going to fly again. But I’ll say one thing, ”She continued kindly, “You and your wife keep your plane very clean!”

1.An old lady had _________.

A. glassesB. a blanket over her head

C. a coatD. a basket

2.She didn’t want to ________.

A. turn it offB. take it off

C. talk about itD. get it on

3._________ spoke to her.

A. Her husbandB. One of her friends

C. The air hostessD. The man next to her

4.The old lady had never been _________ before.

A. abroadB. in hospitalC. in a planeD. home

5.The woman didn’t like planes and she was never going ________.

A. to fly againB. to travel

C. to go abroadD. to go home


Little Tom down the street calls our dog "The keep dog". Zip is a sheep dog. But when Tom tries to say " Sheep", it comes out "keep". And in a way Tom is right. Zip is always bringing things home for us to keep! I'll tell you about some of them. Zip's first present was a shoe. It was made of green silk. We didn't know how Zip found the shoe. But after a moment, Mary, my big sister, told me the shoe had a strange smell. I nodded(点头) and held my nose. "What do you think it is?" "It smells like something for cleaning. I think someone tried to clean a spot (污点) off the shoe. Then he put it at the door to dry." Along came Zip. And good-bye shoe!" I said. "We should take it back." "We can't".said my sister. "Maybe little Tom is right," Mary said. "Maybe Zip is a keep dog!"

1.The writer and Mary didn't know ________.

A. how Zip carried its first present home

B. what Zip's first present was

C. what Zip's first present was made of

D. who owned Zip's first present

2.Tom calls Zip "the keep dog" because ________.

A. he doesn't know the dog's name

B. the dog likes playing with shoes

C. the dog likes keeping things

D. he can't pronounce the word "sheep" well

3.What made the shoe strange was ________.

A. its smell

B. its color

C. that it was a silk one

D. its size

4.The word "keep" in the last sentence means "________".

A. bringing things for others to keep

B. taking care of a small child

C. keeping things for itself

D. not letting it run about

5.We can know from the reading that the dog ________.

A. likes to give presents to people

B. likes to be called "the keep dog"

C. has brought some trouble

D. has been kept in at the writer's home


A young British woman had shortly arrived in Hongkong and had not yet  16   anything about the Chinese   17  . One day she went to the home of a Chinese friend and was   18  given a cup of Chinese tea. She was not   19  and she also found this type of tea rather   20  . However, since she had been given the tea, she felt she should drink it. Hoping to finish it   21   so that she would not feel about having to drink this tea which she did not   22   , she started to drink as much of it as she could. But as soon as her cup became half-full, the host   23   giving her more. Several times she told the host that she had had   24    , but it seemed to have no    25   . Her cup kept being   26  , and she kept on drinking. During the time of her   27  , she drank about twelve cups of tea. Later she found out that she should have just 28   the tea, and that this would have meant that she had had enough. Influenced by her   29   culture, she felt it too   30  to leave the tea and could not understand why the host took no notice of her protests(抗议) that she had had enough!

1.A. learnedB. gotC. rememberedD. taught

2.A. languageB. cultureC. habitD. food

3.A. certainlyB. hardlyC. immediatelyD. carefully

4.A. happyB. tiredC. interestedD. thirsty

5.A. sweetB. bitterC. coldD. nice

6.A. slowlyB. in timeC. quicklyD. gradually

7.A. haveB. takeC. buyD. like

8.A. stoppedB. insisted onC. practicedD. tried

9.A. someB. a littleC. allD. enough

10.A. importanceB. endC. effectD. value

11.A. filledB. changedC. movedD. emptied

12.A. visitB. talk

C. partyD. investigation

13.A. leftB. absorbedC. drunkD. filled

14.A. ancientB. modernC. easternD. western

15.A. impoliteB. politeC. easyD. uneasy



1.He thought that crying is a sign of ____________ (虚弱).

2.His words are full of ____________ (谎言) about this matter.

3.It is healthier to keep a ___________ (均衡的) diet every day.

4.___________(好奇心) is part of a child’s nature.

5.I don’t want any cake, I’m ____________ (减肥)。

6.If you ___________ (怒目而视) at someone,you look at them with an angry expression on your face.

7.We set a time __________ (限定) of thirty minutes for the test.

8.As students, we should ______________ (结合) book knowledge with practice.

9.The new credit cards will be of great ____________ (好处) to our customers.

10.__________ (查阅) the dictionary when you come across any new words.

11.The first ___________ (场景) of the play was almost over when they got to the theater.

12.The best thing that a manager can do in this situation is to help the employees __________ (寻找) professional guidance.

13.She ____________ (发现) what was wrong with the air conditioner .

14.The doctor will not ____________ (允许) him to walk until his leg has fully recovered.

15.You needn’t feel sorry for what happened. After all, it wasn’t your _____________ (过错).



1. 医生们竭尽全力抢救那些困在废墟中的人们。(定从)


2. 信不信由你,世界上没有什么标准英语。


3.她决定买这套公寓,因为其便宜的价格。(because of)


4.观看这些已经不再是乐趣, 因为大自然是你必须体验的。








注意: 1. 每处错误及其修改均仅限一词。


My sister and me got the chance to have bike trip along the Lancang River calling the Mekong River in other countries. The Mekong River begin in a glacier on a Tibetan mountain. Then it becomes rapids as it passes through deeply valleys, travelling across western Yunnan Province. After leaving China and the high altitude, the Mekong becomes wide, brown but warm. Where it enters Southeast Asia, it makes wide bends or meanders through low valleys to the plain. In last the river delta enters into the South China Sea.



At first, only people 1.____ England spoke English. Later, people from England 2.______(voyage)to other parts of the world and 3.___that, English began to 4._____(speak) in many other countrieas. Today, 5.____people speak English as their6.___, second or foreign language than ever before. Native English speakers can understand each other 7.______they don’t speak 8._____same kind of English. All languages change when 9.______ communicate with one another. So there are British English, American English, Australian English and so on. They all have their own identity. Maybe one day Chinese English10.______(become) one of the world Englishes.





1.You must  ___________your examination papers right away.

2.Tom___________ his health, which is why he exercises everyday.

3.The small town nearby the seaside_____ great loss____ the terrible Typhoon.

4.This instruction shows how________ the short holiday to help the homeless people.

5._________, no one but Lucy can speak fluent English.

6.The German Nazis caught and killed___________ Jewish during the World War II.

7.If an employee lets out the secrets of the company______, he will be fired.

8.After the disaster, the city was totally_______.

9. Little Ann____________ everything to do with nature.

10.It seemed_____ the world was at an end.



1.She was really u________ about the way her father treated her.

2.Don’t stay indoors reading all day, you should go ______(室外)because it is good for your eyes.

3.I ___________(不同意) with what you said just now.

4.It was his first visit to his _______ (本国的)country since 1948.

5.One can travel there by ship or plane. Most people choose the l______.

6.Go s________ down the road until you come to the Post Office.

7.I think the news isn't             .(可靠的,可信的)

8.A_____ rather than altitude plays a major role in one’s success.

9.I don’t want the heavy rain to r______ our holidays.

10.Some of the r_____ workers and doctors were trapped under the ruins in the disaster area.,



My father often works very hard. And he has___ to see a movies. Here I’ll tell you    about him.

One afternoon, when he finished his work and    go home, he found a film ticket under the    on his desk. He thought he    to have not much work to do that day and    was quite wonderful to pass the    at the cinema. So he came back home and    finished his supper. Then he said    to us and left.But to our    , he came back about half an hour later, I    him what was the matter. He smiled and told us about    funny thing that had happened at the cinema.When my father was sitting in his seat, a    came to my father’s and said that the seat was    . My father was surprised. He took out the ticket    looked at it carefully. It was Row17,    . And then he looked at the seat. It was the same. So he asked her    her ticket. She took out the ticket at once and the seat shown in it was Row 17, Seat 3. 

   ? What’s the matter with all this? While they were wondering(想知道), suddenly the woman said, “The    of the tickets are different.” So they looked at the ticket more carefully. After a while, my father said, “Oh,    , I made a mistake. My ticket is for the film a month ago. Take this seat, please.” With these words, he left the cinema.

1.A. little money     B. much money     C. little time     D. much time

2.A. a funny story  B. a good story   C. an old story     D. a strange story

3.A. has to     B. was about to   C. had to       D. ought

4.A. box          B. book         C. glass        D . paper

5.A. happened       B. liked         C. pretended      D. wanted

6.A. it        B. this       C. that          D. which

7.A. morning       B. afternoon  C. day         D. evening

8.A. early       B. quietly      C. quickly     D. suddenly

9.A. hello       B. good-bye    C. good evening  D. good night

10.A. disappointment    B. joy       C. sorrow      D. surprise

11.A. asked      B. explained      C. told           D. wanted

12.A. a             B. one        C. some            D. the

13.A. man       B. woman  C. doctor      D. nurse

14.A. hers        B. his      C. taken         D. wrong

15.A. and           B. but        C. or     D. so

16.A. Seat1      B. Seat2       C. Seat3    D. Seat4

17.A. it bring      B. to get      C. to see    D. to show

18.A. Why          B. How             C. When          D. where

19.A. designs     B. days       C. dates       D. owners

20.A. I’m sad    B. I’m sorry     C. I’m wrong      D. I’m worried


More and more people like bicycling and it is no surprise. It is fun, healthy and good for the environment. Maybe that’s why there are 1.4 billion bicycles and only 400 million cars on roads worldwide today. Bikes can take you almost anywhere, and there is no oil cost!

Get on a bicycle and ride around your neighborhood. You may discover something new all around you. Stopping and getting off a bike is easier than stopping and getting out of your car.

You can bike to work and benefit from the enjoyable exercise without polluting the environment. You don’t even have to ride all the way. Folding (折叠) bikes work well for people who ride the train. Just fold the bike and take it with you. You can do the same on an airplane. A folding bike can be packed in a suitcase. You can also take a common bike with you when you fly. But be sure to look for information by getting on airline websites. Not all airlines are bicycle-friendly to travellers.

Health Benefits of Bicycling:

   It helps to prevent heart diseases.

   Bicycling helps to control your weight.

   A 15-minute bike ride to and from work three times a week burns off five kilos of fat in a year.

   Bicycling can improve your mood (心情).

   Exercise like bicycling has been shown to make people feel better, more relaxed and self-confident.

   Bicycling is healthier than driving.

1.From the passage, we know that bicycling is becoming very ______ .

A. surprising       B. exciting

C. expensive        D. popular

2.When you are riding your bicycle around your neighbourhood, you may       .

A. pollute the environment around 

B. find something you didn’t notice

C. go everywhere and use a little oil

D. get off your bike and begin to work

3.One of the benefits from bicycling is that          .

A. you can fold the bicycle 

B. you will be friendly to others

C. you will be more relaxed

D. you may get fatter and fatter

4.Which is TRUE according to the passage?

A. Bicycling is enjoyable exercise for people.

B. Driving cars is healthier than riding bikes.

C. Riding a bike pollutes your neighbourhood.

D. Common bikes are welcomed by all airlines.

5. The passage mainly talks about _____

A. Bicycling is healthier than driving.    

B. the benefit of cycling

C. the different kinds of bicycle   

D. the disadvantages of riding a bicycle


Tu Youyou, an 84-year-old female scientist, became the first Chinese to win a Nobel Prize in science on Oct 5. Before that, she ever won the 2011 Lasker Award for finding out artemisinin (Qinghaosu), which saved millions of lives. She was thankful for the Lasker prize, but said, “It is just a scientist’ duty. I will go on fighting for the health of all humans.”

    Tu kept her work in the 1960s and 1970s. In that age, Malaria could took away people’s health. Scientists all over the world had already tried over 240 000 times but failed. Tu Youyou, a member of the Academy of Traditional Chinese Medicine, Beijing, began to study Chinese herbs.

    Before 2011, people didn’t know Tu very much. Many friends played jokes with her “the Professor of Three None's” : no degree, no study experience abroad, not a member of any Chinese national colleges. But she is hard-working. She read a lot of traditional Chinese medicine books and did a lot of researches on the disease.

   In February, 2012, Tu was named National Outstanding Females (One of the Ten) Tu is now a model of Chinese medical workers.

1.Artemisinin is used to ________.


A. make medicine     B. make food

C. get award         D. do the experiment

2. In the 1960s and 1970s ____ could find ways to stop the Malaria.

A. Scientists in China  

B. no scientist

C. Scientists all over the world  

D. only Tu Youyou 

3.Tu Youyou became very famous ____________.

A. in the 1960s       B. in 1970

C. before 2011        D. after 2012

4.From Tu Youyou’s story, we know that she is a ___________ woman. 

A. friendly                    B. kind

C. clever                       D. hard-working

5.The underlined word in paragraph2 probably means a kind of _____

A. herb           B. medicine

C. disease      D. virus


Parents have widely different views on the problem of pocket money. Four new fathers were asked this question and this is how they answered.

     Ashish Khanna: Although many argue that pocket money helps develop children’s sense of value, I don’t agree. I wouldn’t give my child any pocket money. First of all, I never got pocket money and I seem to have a good value for money. If my child ever needed something and I felt it was a reasonable(合理)request , I would buy it for him .

     Sharad Sanghi: No, I wouldn’t give my child pocket money because I don’t want to create the perception(观念) of “ her ” money and “ my ” money . Besides, if I refuse to buy her something that I think is bad for her, she may buy it with her pocket money on the sly. In this way, I would lose control over my child’s requests. I feel it also encourages children to care more about money than anything else. I don’t want my child to start judging(评判) other children by the amount of money or pocket money they have.

    Rakesh Shah: Yes, I would give my child pocket money. I feel that children should learn to spend money intelligently and not go overboard spending. They will learn what their limitations(限制)are and feel the difficulty when they have to pay for something that is over their own pockets .

    Rajiv Patel: Yes, I would give my child pocket money because it is important that she learns to manage money. I will give her a fixed amount every month and if she spends the money before the month is over, then she will learn a lesson and not spend money so freely.

    Vikram Desai: Yes, I would certainly give my child pocket money. But I would not give it to him on a weekly or monthly basis. He would have to earn it. If he helped me finish some of my jobs or helped his mother with housework, I would reward him. This helps him realize that “money does not grow on trees” and it requires hard work to earn money.

1.Ashish Khanna may agree that ___________.

A. he was given too much pocket money when young

B. he can take much control of his child by money

C. he will buy anything he thinks his child really needs

D. pocket money helps children develop a good value for money

2.The underlined phrase “on the sly” in Paragraph 3 is closest in meaning to ___.

A. for free     B. at a lower price

C. happily      D. secretly

3.What do Rakesh Shah and Rajiv Patel have in common?

A. They want their children to learn to manage money.

B. They ask their children to get pocket money by working.

C. They teach their children the difficulty of making money.

D. They allow their children to spend money freely.

4.According to Vikram Desai, children’s earning money by themselves makes them know that ___.

A. money is not easy to get

B. money can be gotten from the trees

C. one can get lots of money if he / she works hard

D. money is not so important for people nowadays

5.Who would give his child pocket money every month ?

A. Ashish Khanna     B. Sharad Sanghi

C. Rakesh Shah       D. Rajiv Patel











Dear Wang Qiang

     How are you doing recently?                                            









                                                         Li Hua


假定英语课上老师要求同桌之间交换修改作文,请你修改你同桌写的以下作文。文 中共有10处语言错误,每句中最多有两处。每处错误仅涉及一个单词的增加、删除或修改。






We may have different opinion in organizing class activities. We may have various ways to dealing with such a situation. When I have a better idea, I would choose to stick to them. By doing so, I can not only share good ideas with others and also learn to express myself clear.

   Once we were discussing why to go for an outing. Most of my classmates wanted to go to a park while I had an idea of going to a nice place. I manage to persuade my classmates into accepting my idea. We did have a good time on that day. Good opinions are worth sticking because they can benefit us all.



I was driving home late at night ___1.___ my car lost momentum(冲力) and got slower and slower. Nothing I did seemed to make any __2.__ (different). “It can’t be the fuel,” I thought. The petrol gauge(汽油量表) was showing I had plenty ___3.___(leave).” Then my car died completely after I ___4.__ (manage) to roll to the side of the road. It was an extremely dark, lonely country road. Neither a single person __5.___ any traffic was in sight at all. I felt like an idiot. I should not have left without charging my cell phone. The battery was dead __6.___I was alone without any way to contact my family. Time dripped slowly like a leaking tap.

    “God, help me!” I begged anxiously. “Is there someone who will be kind enough to stop and help me out?” ___7.____, there was no sign of anyone. I was starting to panic, ____8.__ (feel) completely abandoned. Suddenly I saw a faint light ___9.__ the distance. I waved my white scarf as hard as  possible. It was a huge lorry. The driver stopped and kindly drove me to the nearest hotel, ___10.___ I had a rest, and then I called my family and explained what had happened. How lucky I was! When he stopped for me, I felt as if I had just found a million dollars.


阅读下面短文,从短文后各题所给的四个选项(A、B、C 和 D)中,选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。

Mac was cycling along a road in Canada’s Yukon, halfway through a 2,750-mile bike tour to Prudhoe Bay, Alaska. He was carrying a 30-pound camping bag,     he wasn’t moving very fast. Suddenly he heard loud breathing behind him. “Man, that’s a big dog!” he thought. He looked to the side, but to his great     , he saw that it wasn’t a dog, but a wolf, running hard to    him.

   Mac’s heart jumped. He reached for the    from his bag. With one hand on the handle bar, he    the spray. A bright red cloud covered the wolf    , and it fell back, shaking its head. But a minute later it was by his side again. He sprayed a second time, and the wolf fell    again, but only to quickly restart its      .

   The wolf was getting closer and closer,    a dozen yards away. Mac waved and yelled at passing motorists, but meanwhile    hard. He knew clearly that he must be       not to slow down. Otherwise, he would become a     of the wolf. Paul and Becky were driving along the same road. From a distance, they spotted what they     was a dog running after a man on a bike. As they got     , they realized it was a wolf.

    Mac heard a car coming up behind him, and he slowed down. The car veered (改变方向)around the        , then suddenly stopped in front of him. Mac      off his bike and dashed for the back         of the car. It was locked. Paul quickly       the door so as to let Mac in, and the          man dived in, shutting the door behind him.

   It was quite a while before Mac became       and cried out: “I thought I was going to die!” And Paul and Becky were glad that they had given a helping hand to people in need.

1.A. but   B. so    C. for   D. or

2. A. regret   B. disappointment  C. fear   D. anger

3.A. catch up with B. break away from  C. give in to  D. come back to

4.A. hammer   B. stick    C. gun   D. spray

5.A. dropped  B. fired    C. threw   D. held

6.A. in turn   B. at last    C. in time  D. at random

7.A. back   B. down    C. behind  D. over

8.A. flight   B. race    C. journey  D. attack

9.A. still   B. just    C. also   D. even

10.A. kicked   B. rode    C. hit   D. pressed

11.A. crazy   B. wrong    C. careful  D. fair

12. A. victim  B. competitor   C. killer   D. protector

13.A. decided  B. declared   C. assumed  D. found

14.A. faster   B. closer    C. stronger  D. wiser

15.A. climber   B. motorist   C. cyclist   D. runner

16. A. sent   B. fell    C. turned   D. jumped

17.A. window  B. seat    C. door   D. wheel

18.A. bent   B. struck    C. blocked  D. unlocked

19.A. frightened  B. worried   C. discouraged D. confused

20.A. brave   B. calm    C. optimistic  D. confident


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