假如你是李华,因为大雪天气,在上学的路上滑倒,摔伤了左腿,不能上学。请根据以下要点向口语课外籍教师Mr Smith写一封信。要点如下:

1.因缺课而致歉;

2.讲述滑倒摔伤的经过;

3询问作业并表示期待返校;

注意:1. 词数100左右;

2.开头和结尾已给出,但不计入总词数;

3.可以适当增加细节,以使行文连贯。

Dear Mr Smith,

I’m writing to you because _________________________________________________________________

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Best wishes!

Yours,

Li Hua

 

假定英语课上老师要求同桌之间交换修改作文,请你修改你同桌写的以下作文。文中共有10处语言错误,每句中最多有两处。每处错误仅涉及一个单词的增加、删除或修改。

增加:在缺词处加一个漏字符号(∧),并在其下面写出该加的词。

删除:把多余的词用(\)划掉。

修改:在错的词下划一横线,并在该词下面写出修改后的词。

注意:1.每处错误及其修改均仅限一词。

2.只允许修改10处,多者(从第11处起)不计分。

Last weekend, our class went hiking. Early in the morning, we gathered at People’s Square in the city center and then head for the South Mountain, which was 8 kilometers away. Our goal was to climbing to the top, from which we could enjoy a good view.

It was an exhausted hike and the heats consumed all our energy. Therefore, when we finally reached to our destination, the view took our breath away. It was well wroth walking such long distance. Because I not only got relaxed by enjoying the beauty of nature but also learned the truth which our efforts will always pay off in the end.

 

Humans like to live and work in groups. Language is the “cement”(胶合剂)1.holds these groups together. Language is part of culture. Culture, in this sense2.(mean)all those customs, skills, and attitudes that are part of the behavior of a  3.(particularly) group. What you think  4.what you want in life are all affected by the culture of the group in which you5. (raise). Groups of people live in different ways. They may have different skills, organizations, and art forms. Their family life may be completely different from yours.

Human beings are inventive animals. They can decide to change their cultures in order to meet various6.(situation). Of all living things, human beings are the  7.(clever). They can choose 8.(live)in many environments and in a wide variety of ways. Only human beings can choose where and how they want to live and then improve the physical environment to help9. (they)realize these choices. Acquiring the wisdom to make wise choices 10.(be) the lasting challenge of being human.

 

As a child, I started learning to play to piano, my favorite musical _____ , but I was forced to give up when I started my middle school _______I could concentrate more on my studies.

It’s one of my biggest ______ to stop practicing the piano when I recall sadly today. During the following years, I kept telling my piano teacher that I would _____. However, I didn’t keep my promise because I was ______ with my study. _____ I lost touch with my teacher. Some years later, my teacher died. I was very sad because I lost such a good teacher. She was a very warm and gentle person. It hurts me to think she may have been ______ that I never returned. I haven’t taken lessons since then but to be honest, I ______ to. Sitting at the piano, I couldn’t help recalling many ______—times of my practising at home and playing before my teacher and one time my teacher ______ me after I played entire pieces of music wrong in front of her colleagues. I was so ______ that I could hardly say anything. But her ____ helped ease my shame. These memories, ______, good or bad, never caused my ______ for playing the piano again.

This thought then led me to think that ____ is like music, and that we all try to play different   __ in the instrument of our life. Sometimes the pitch(音高) is _____ when we play it well, but sometimes we are out of tone. However, we all continue to create our own _____ style of music. No matter what style our music is, it is ______ that we sing the songs of joy, quietness and love. Though I may never make it back to piano lessons, it doesn’t _____ that I’ve stopped making music.

1.A. instrument    B. performance    C. room    D. stage

2.A. because    B. so that    C. now that    D. for

3.A. successes    B. regrets    C. decisions    D. hobbies

4.A. play    B. graduate    C. leave    D. return

5.A. occupied    B. angry    C. satisfied    D. patient

6.A. Actually    B. Constantly    C. Suddenly    D. Gradually

7.A. astonished    B. glad    C. disappointed    D. amazed

8.A. liked    B. needed    C. wanted    D. decided

9.A. dreams    B. expressions    C. words    D. memories

10.A. instructed    B. hurt    C. punished    D. respected

11.A. frightened    B. moved    C. embarrassed    D. excited

12.A. happiness    B. satisfaction    C. comfort    D. sigh

13.A. instead    B. meanwhile    C. therefore    D. however

14.A. hope    B. courage    C. feeling    D. effort

15.A. life    B. learning    C. attitude    D. enjoyment

16.A. cards    B. sports    C. roles    D. games

17.A. hard    B. wonderful    C. surprising    D. complex

18.A. unique    B. boring    C. common    D. similar

19.A. necessary    B. strange    C. possible    D. important

20.A. matter    B. mean    C. report    D. appear

 

The key to losing weight is to understand what really motivates you. have you ever been excited about losing a few pounds? 1. And to help you keep your weight under control, you need some coping strategies.

Ask questions. When you’re researching different dieting products and plans or even talking to a doctor about diets, ask as many questions as you can.2.Ask questions like: Do I have to purchase special meals or supplements? Does the program include a part to help me maintain my weight loss?

Get real. 3.Don’t burden yourself with unrealistic expectations. Remember, large amounts of weight loss are not realistic and are most likely not safe or healthy. Talk with your health care professional to determine a healthy weight goal.

4.To maintain your weight, you must balance your intake of calories with the energy you burn. Just 30 minutes of fast walking in most days can take about 10 pounds off your weight each year.

Weight yourself weekly. It’s important to track your weight on any diet or weight loss plan, but don’t get on the scale every day. weighing daily won’t show you the big picture. 5.

A. Stay balanced.

B. Once a week is fine.

C. Stick with your healthy eating plan.

D. Losing one to two pounds a week is a realistic goal.

E. Being well informed will help you choose the best diet for you.

F. Regular weight check-ins will show you your progress over time.

G. If so, you must find a way to turn that excitement into determination.

 

One a February day during an unusually mild winter, I found myself missing the snowy beauty. I enjoyed the feeling that comes from watching snow fall gently from heaven while I’m cosy inside with a good fire burning in the stove. But there were more serious concerns, like the lack of rainfall making our woods more accessible to summer forest fires. Local ski fields and hotels, all dependent on a snowy season, felt sorry for the vacant lifts, empty restaurants and unused snowmobiles.

Then I happened to see three little robins (知更鸟) fly into our yard. What were they doing here? West of us, in the Willamette Valley, wild flowers burst this time of year. But here in central Oregon, even if a groundhog ( 土拨鼠) had wanted to appear, it couldn't have broken through the frozen earth. And yet, these robins had arrived.

Their presence brought me a flow of happiness. It felt like a celebration as I dug into my bag of birdseed and spread a handful on the ground. Above me, the deep blue sky was cloudless, perfectly quiet but for some smoke from a neighbor's chimney. The lively cold made the air fresh and clean.

My robins jumped lightly toward the seed. My soul jumped with them, feeling equally carefree. Caught up in the moment of spring fever, I checked our snowless flower beds. To my delight, I spotted a green branch sticking out through the brown soil.

Despite the cold, I wasn't ready to go back inside. Just a short meeting with those robins had renewed my spirit. The next day I would return to my outdoor work with a cheerful heart and a hopeful eye for these signs of spring.

1.The author missed a snowy winter because snow could __________.

A. prevent forest fires    B. boom his business

C. promise an early spring    D. bring him a good feeling

2.The author felt happy when finding _________.

A. the sky was deep blue with clouds

B. three little robins flew into his yard

C. wild flowers burst in the Willamette Valley

D. a groundhog appeared through the frozen earth

3.We can infer from the passage that the author _________.

A. would enjoy wild flowers the next day    B. though winter was already over

C. longed for the coming of spring    D. loved robins the most

 

Many foreign students report feeling lonely or unwelcome in Australia. Those feelings are among the reasons why Australia is taking a close look at its international education industry. But wherever international students go, making friends may not always be easy. Elisabeth Gareis of Baruch College in New York surveyed 454 international students. They were attending four-year colleges and graduate schools in the American South and Northeast.

Students from English-speaking countries and from northern and central Europe were more likely to be happy with their friendships. But 38% of the international students said they had no close friends in the United States. And half of the students from East Asia said they were unhappy with the number of American friends they had. Thirty percent said they wished their friendships could be deeper and more meaningful.

Professor Gareis says, “Students from East Asia have cultures that are different on many levels from the culture in the United States. There are also language problems, and maybe some social skills, such as small talk, which are possibly not as important in their native countries, where it's not as important to start friendships with small talks. Many East Asian students blamed themselves for their limited friendships with Americans, for not speaking the language well enough and for not knowing the culture well enough.

VOA's Student Union blogger Jessica Stahl did her own survey to find out how American students and foreign students relate to each other. More than 100 students, about half of them American, answered her online questions.

Half of the international students and 60% of the Americans said they related as well or better to the other group than to their own group.

Professor Gareis says: "International students who make friends with host nationals are, overall, more satisfied with their stay in the host country. They have better language skills, they have better academic performance and they have better attitudes toward the host country."

1.What can be the best title for the text?

A. Making Friends Is Not Always Easy for Foreign Students

B. Students from East Asia Are Not Good at Making Friends

C. International Education Industry in Australia and America

D. The Relation between Foreign Students and Host Countries

2.Professor Gareis tends to think that ___________.

A. culture shock should be blamed for many levels of American culture

B. foreign students don’t know small talks mean a lot to Americans

C. foreign students should learn some basic social skills first of all

D. foreign students have difficulty making friends for different reasons

3.How did Jessica Stahl carry out her survey?

A. By doing questionnaires from Students Union

B. By asking questions on the Internet

C. By forming the students into groups

D. By doing a survey through VOA

4.Which of the following statements will the writer probably agree with?

A. International students like to make more friends in their own group

B. International students are more likely to remain in the host country after graduation

C. Students who make more friends at home have better academic performance

D. Students who make friends in their host countries feel happier with their experience

 

In America, parents tend to encourage their children to develop their potential(潜能)to the fullest extent. Fathers and mothers frequently teach their children both ambition and the confidence necessary to work toward their goals. American parents are always active in concentrating on what their kids can do, not what they can’t. As a result, millions of American boys and girls grow up hoping to become actors and athletes, diplomats and doctors. Many of them even want to become president.

American parents often encourage their children to become involved in extra activities of all types at school, such as student government, sports and music. They believe that only through taking part in these activities can their children become mature young adults.

As we all know, schoolwork is important. But parents should realize that the social skills their children learn form natural conversations with each other are as important as schoolwork and the skills they will need in the future work. What’s more important in their work is that their children should have a sound knowledge of physics or the ability to communicate effectively.

As a rule, Chinese parents don’t educate their children about the same kind of ambition and confidence as Americans do, nor do they encourage the same level of participation in extra activities. Children are typically advised to study hard and pass exams. They have to spend a lot of time in doing much schoolwork every day. It is a great waste of time to do so.

Now more and more Chinese parents have recognized that they should pay attention to developing the potential of their children. I hope that leaders in Chinese educational circles should take some measures to develop the potential of their children. I am very confident about it.

1.From the passage, we know the American parents pay much more attention to ________.

A. the social skills than Chinese parents

B. their children’s studying hard and well

C. what their children want but they can’t

D. extra activities than schoolwork

2.According to the passage, Chinese parents ________.

A. know more than American parents to educate their children

B. owning ambition and confidence is necessary and important

C. pay much more attention to their children’s fine future

D. don’t encourage their children to participate in extra activities

3.From the passage, we can infer _______.

A. American children are brave and adventurous

B. American children are more active in their studies

C. Chinese children have the ability to communicate effectively

D. Something should be done to develop the potential of the children in China

4.What’s the writer’s attitude towards Chinese education reform?

A. Neutral.    B. Indifferent.

C. Positive.    D. Negative.

 

What Theresa Loe is doing proves that a large farm isn’t a prerequisite for a modern grow-your-own lifestyle. On a mere 1/10 of an acre in Los Angeles, Loe and her family grow, can(装罐)and preserve much of the food they consume.

Loe is a master food preserver, gardener and canning expert. She also operates a website, where she shares her tips and recipes, with the goal of demonstrating that everyone has the ability to control what’s on their plate.

Loe initially went to school to become an engineer, but she quickly learned that her enthusiasm was mainly about growing and preparing her own food. “I got into cooking my own food and started growing my own herbs (香草) and foods for that fresh flavor,” she said. Engineer by day, Loe learned cooking at night school. She ultimately purchased a small piece of land with her husband and began growing their own foods.

“I teach people how to live farm-fresh without a farm,” Loe said. Through her website Loe emphasizes that “anybody can do this anywhere.” Got an apartment with a balcony (阳台)? Plant some herbs. A window? Perfect spot for growing. Start with herbs, she recommends, because “they’re very forgiving.” Just a little of the herbs “can take your regular cooking to a whole new level,” she added. “I think it’s a great place to start.” “Then? Try growing something from a seed, she said, like a tomato or some tea.”

Canning is a natural extension of the planting she does. With every planted food. Loe noted, there’s a moment when it’s bursting with its absolute peak flavor. “I try and keep it in a time capsule in a canning jar,” Loe said. “Canning for me is about knowing what’s in your food, knowing where it comes from.”

In addition to being more in touch with the food she’s eating, another joy comes from passing this knowledge and this desire for good food to her children: “Influencing them and telling them your opinion on not only being careful what we eat but understanding the bigger picture,” she said, “that if we don’t take care of the earth, no one will.”

1.The underlined word “prerequisite” (Pare. 1) is closest in meaning to “______”.

A. recipe    B. substitute

C. requirement    D. challenge

2.Why does Loe suggest starting with herbs?

A. They are used daily.

B. They are easy to grow.

C. They can grow very tall

D. They can be eaten uncooked

3.According to Loe, what is the benefit of canning her planted foods?

A. It can preserve their best flavor

B. It can promote her online sales

C. It can better her cooking skills

D. It can improve their nutrition

4.What is the “the bigger picture” (Para. 6) that Loe wishes her children to understand?

A. The knowledge about good food

B. The way to live a grow-our-own life

C. The joy of getting in touch with foods

D. The responsibility to protect our earth

 

一个英文网站面向中学生征稿。请你写一篇英语稿件,介绍中秋节及这个节日里的主要活动。写作要点:

1.它是中国的传统节日之一;

2.家人团聚;

3.赏月、吃月饼;

4.还有旅游、访友等其他活动。

注意:1.词数100左右;

2.可以适当增加细节,以使行文连贯;

3.开头语已为你写好,不计入总词数。

参考词汇:中秋节 the Mid-Autumn Festival

农历 lunar calendar

赏月 enjoy the full moon

月饼 moon cake

The Mid-Autumn Festival

The Mid-Autumn Festival falls on the 15th of the eighth month of our Chinese lunar calendar.

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假定英语课上老师要求同桌之间交换修改作文,请你修改你同桌写的以下作文。文中共有10处语言错误,每句中最多有两处。排设涉及一个单词的增加、删除或修改

增加:在缺词处加一个漏间词符号),并在该词下面写出该加的词。

删除:把多余的词用斜线(\)划掉。

修改:在错的词下划一横线(——),并在该词下面写出修改后的词。

注意1.每处错误及修改均仅限一词;

2. 只允许修改10处,多者(从第11)不计分

My father took me out camping for the first time when I as seven. He wanted teach me about animals, insects and trees. My uncles all come along with bows and arrows for hunting.

Ore evening at sunset, we sat by the fire, have our barbecue. Just then a bird was flying over us. My uncles immediate jumped up and shot their arrows on the bird. Neither of the arrows hit the target, Suddenly the arrows was flying down at us from the sky — they were looked like rain! We ran to escape but fortunately no one was injured.

That day I didn’t learn much about animals, insects or trees, but I learnt a impressive lesson about gravity!

 

It is often said that eyes can speak. In a bus you may look at g stranger, 1. not too long. If he notices that he is being stared at, he may feel 2. (comfort). It is the same in daily life. When you are 3. (look) at for several more times, you will look at yourself up and down to see if there is anything wrong 4. you. If nothing goes wrong, you 5. (feel) angry with the person who is looking at you. Eyes can speak, right?

6. (look) too long at someone may seem to be impolite. But sometimes things are different when it 7. (come) to staring at the opposite sex, if a man glances at a woman for more than ten seconds, his intentions are obvious, that is, he wishes to attract 8. (she ) attention, to make her understand that he is admiring her.

In fact, continuous eye contact is limited to 9. (love) only, who will enjoy looking at each other 10. (gentle ) for a long time,to show affection that words cannot express. Evidently, eye communication should be done according to the relationship between the two people.

 

Reading good books is one of the greatest pleasures in life. It _______ our happiness when we are cheerful, and lessens our _______ when we are sad. A good book may absorb our attention so _______ that for the time being we forget our _______.

Whatever may be our main purpose in reading, good books should never fail to give us _______. With a good book in our hands we will never be _______. Whether the characters in the book are taken from real life or are purely _______, they may become our companions and make us laugh. The people we meet in books may _______ us either because they are similar to our close friends or because they present _______ types whom we are glad to welcome as new acquaintances. Our human friends sometimes ________ us, but the friends we make in books are always respect us. By turning the pages we can ________ them without any fear of hurting their feelings, When our human friends ________ us, good books are always there to give us sympathy and encouragement.

One of the most valuable gifts from books is ________. Few of us can travel far from home. ________ all of us can lead varied lives through the pages of book. When we wish to ________ from the dull realities of everyday life, a book will help us when ________ else can. To travel by book we don’t have to ________ and save a lot of money. Through books we may gel the thrill of adventure without ________. We can climb high mountains or cross the hoi sands of the desert, ________, through books the whole world is ours for the asking. The ________ of our literary experiences are almost unlimited.

1.A. achieves    B. reduces    C. increases    D. threatens

2.A. duties    B. sorrows    C. chances    D. diseases

3.A. completely    B. naturally    C. frequently    D. desperately

4.A. performances    B. prejudices    C. responsibilities    D. surroundings

5.A. agreement    B. treatment    C. enjoyment    D. judgement

6.A. lonely    B. lazy    C. tired    D. guilty

7.A. average    B. imaginary    C. typical    D. fortunate

8.A. greet    B. shock    C. worry    D. delight

9.A. uncertain    B. unpractical    C. unfamiliar    D. unnecessary

10.A. make fun of    B. take care of    C. catch sight of    D. pay attention t

11.A. order    B. control    C. believe    D. ignore

12.A. challenge    B. Abandon    C. understand    D. persuade

13.A. pleasure    B. knowledge    C. experience    D. success

14.A. but    B. or    C. if    D. so

15.A. return    B. recover    C. graduate    D. escape

16.A. anything    B. nothing    C. everything    D. something

17.A. pay    B. stop    C. guess    D. race

18.A. reason    B. evidence    C. danger    D. instruction

19.A. However    B. Therefore    C. Otherwise    D. Anyway

20.A. purposes    B. possibilities    C. directions    D. suggestions

 

Although problems are a part of our lives, it certainly doesn’t mean that we let them rule our lives forever. One day or the other, you’ll have to stand up and say – problem, I don’t want you in my life.

1. Problems with friends, parents, girlfriends, husbands, and children – the list goes on. Apart from these, the inner conflicts within ourselves work, too. These keep adding to our problems. Problems come in different shapes and colors and feelings.

But good news is that all problems can be dealt with. Now read on to know how to solve your problems.

Talk, it really helps. What most of us think is that our problem can be understood only by us and that no talking is going to help. 2.Talking helps you move on and let go.

Write your problems. 3.When you write down your problems, you are setting free all the tension from your system. You can try throwing away the paper on which you wrote your problems. By doing this, imagine yourself throwing away the problems from your life.

Don’t lose faith and hope. No matter what you lose in life, don’t lose faith and hope. Even if you lose all your money, family… you should still have faith. 4.

Your problems aren’t the worst. No matter what problem you get in life, there’re another one million people whose problems are huger than yours. 5. Your problems might just seem big and worse, but in reality they can be removed.

Go about and solve your problems because every problem, however big or small, always has a way out.

A. But the truth is that when you talk about it, you’re setting free the negative energies have been gathering within you.

B. When we have a problems, a pressing, critical, urgent, life-threatening problem, how do we try and solve it?

C. Tell yourself: when they can deal with them, why can’t I?

D. Of course, we’ve been fighting troubles ever since we were born.

E. We can often overcome the problem and achieve the goal by making a direct attack.

F. Having a personal diary can also be of huge help if you don’t want a real person to talk with.

G. With faith and hope, you can rebuild everything that you lose.

 

Would it surprise you to learn that, like animals, trees communicate with each other and pass on their wealth to the next generation?

UBC Professor Simard explains how trees are much more complex than most of us ever imagined. Although Charles Darwin thought that trees are competing for survival of the fittest, Simard shows just how wrong he was. In fact, the opposite is true: trees survive through their cooperation and support, passing around necessary nutrition “depending on who needs it”.

Nitrogen () and carbon are shared through miles of underground fungi (真菌) networks, making sure that all trees in the forest ecological system give and receive just the right amount to keep them all healthy. This hidden system works in a very similar way to the networks of neurons (神经元) in our brains, and when one tree is destroyed, it affects all. Simard talks about “mother trees”, usually the largest and oldest plants on which all other trees depend. She explains how dying trees pass on the wealth to the next generation, transporting important minerals to young trees so they may continue to grow. When humans cut down “mother trees” with no awareness of these highly complex “tree societies” or the networks on which they feed, we are reducing the chances of survival for the entire forest “We didn’t take any notice of it.” Simard says sadly. “Dying trees move nutrition into the young trees before dying, but we never give them chance.” If we could put across the message to the forestry industry, we could make a huge difference towards our environmental protection efforts for the future.

1.The underlined sentence “the opposite is true” in Paragraph 2 probably means that trees ________.

A. compete for survival    B. protect their own wealth

C. depend on each other    D. provide support for dying trees

2.“Mother trees” are extremely important because they ________.

A. look the largest in size in the forest

B. pass on nutrition to young trees

C. seem more likely to be cut down by humans

D. know more about the complex “tree societies”

3.The underlined word “it” in the last paragraph refers to ________.

A. how “tree societies” work    B. how trees grow old

C. how forestry industry develops    D. how young trees survive

4.What would be the best title for the passage?

A. Old Trees Communicate Like Humans

B. Young Trees are In Need Of Protection

C. Trees Are More Awesome Thart You Think

D. Trees Contribute To Our Society

 

As Internet users become more dependent on the Internet to store information, are people remember less? If you know your computer will save information, why store it in your own personal memory, your brain? Experts are wondering if the Internet is changing what we remember and how.

In a recent study, Professor Betsy Sparrow conducted some experiments. She and her research team wanted to know the Internet is changing memory. In the first experiment, they gave people 40 unimportant facts to type into a computer. The first group of people understood that the computer would save the information. The second group understood that the computer would not save it. Later, the second group remembered the information better. People in the first group knew they could find the information again, so they did not try to remember it.

In another experiment, the researchers gave people facts to remember, and told them where to find the information an the Internet. The information was in a specific computer folder (文件夹). Surprisingly, people later remember the folder location (位置) better than the facts. When people use the Internet, they do not remember the information. Rather, they remember how to find it. This is called “transactive memory (交互记忆)”

According to Sparrow, we are not becoming people with poor memories as a result of the Internet. Instead, computer users are developing stronger transactive memories; that is, people are learning how to organize huge quantities of information so that they are able to access it at a later date. This doesn’t mean we are becoming either more or less intelligent, but there is no doubt that the way we use memory is changing.

1.The passage begins with two questions to ________.

A. introduce the main topic    B. show the author’s altitude

C. describe how to use the Interne    D. explain how to store information

2.What can we learn about the first experiment?

A. Sparrow’s team typed the information into a computer.

B. The two groups remembered the information equally well.

C. The first group did not try to remember the formation.

D. The second group did not understand the information.

3.In transactive memory, people ________.

A. keep the information in mind

B. change the quantity of information

C. organize information like a computer

D. remember how to find the information

4.What is the effect of the Internet according to Sparrow's research?

A. We are using memory differently.

B. We are becoming more intelligent.

C. We have poorer memories than before.

D. We need a better way to access information.

 

Our planet is home to about seven billion people. Since the 1990s, population experts have predicted the number would grow to nine billion before it begins to slow down and possibly decrease.

But a new report predicts the world’s population is likely to increase to almost 11 billion by 2100. Based on the most modem statistical tools, the new report makes use of government records and considers expert predictions, including death rates, birthrates and international migration, or people moving across borders. The report says during the rest of this century, Africa’s population will grow from about 3.5 billion to 5.1 billion over the next 85 years.

John is director of the United Nations Population Division. He says that in the past, researchers thought population growth in Africa would be similar to that of other areas. They expected slower growth rates as birth control use became more widespread. But he says those ideas were wrong.

“The level of contraception use has continued to increase but slowly — more slowly than expected, and birthrate therefore has been falling less rapidly than expected, and the population therefore continues to grow somewhat more rapidly than we expected.

The new findings are based on a joint research project of the United Nations and the University of Washington,

The researchers believe the population of Asia will reach five billion by 2050. That is up from the current 4.4 billion. And then begin decline. The researchers also believe that North America, Europe, Latin America and the Caribbean area will have a total population of below one billion.

John says the pressure of feeding the rising population is likely to be less than that might be expected.

“The relatively good news is that the world has been winning the race between population growth and food production. If you look back historically over the last 50 years, certainly for the world as a whole and for many, most individual countries and regions, the increase in food production has outpaced the increase of population.”

1.Which area will experience the largest increase in population at the end of the century?

A. Asia.    B. Africa.

C. Europe.    D. North America.

2.“Contraception use” in the fourth paragraph refers to ________.

A. a method of expert predictions

B. a way of avoiding growth in population

C. a joint research into the rising population

D. a potential technology for food production

3.Why is the pressure of feeding the rising population less than expected according to John?

A. Expert predictions are not exactly like what the facts happen.

B. Birthrates have always been falling less rapidly than we expected.

C. The population grows less rapidly than population experts expected.

D. The increase in food production has outpaced the increase of population,

4.What can be inferred from the passage?

A. The world’s population will increase constantly.

B. The population of Asia will rise by 5 billion by 2050.

C. John is optimistic about feeding the rising population,

D. Population growth in Africa was much slower than expected.

 

When you go to St. Petersburg, the number of attractions can seem large. If you are short of time, or just want to make sure to hit the highlights, these are the top must-see sights in St, Petersburg.

● The Hermitage Museum

The Hermitage Museum is one of the most important sights to see for any visitor to St. Petersburg. There are lots of different paintings by the old masters in the Hermitage. Prepare to come face-to-face with classic Western artists.

● Kizhi Island

Kizhi Island is an open-air museum of wooden architecture from the Karelia Region of Russia. These impressive structures are made entirely without nails - the wood fits together with joints and grooves (沟槽).

● Peterhof

Peterhof is as beautiful as it is fun. You’ll be charged for admission, but go to Petethof when the fountains are working-during the day in the summer. They are shut off in winter evenings,

● The Church of Our Savior on the Spilt Blood

Love it or hale it, the Church of Our Savior on the Spilt Blood in St. Petersburg is an enthralling must-see sight. The beautiful look may make y our eyes brighten, and the painting inside the church will make you say “Wow!”

● The Bronze Horseman Statue

The so-called Bronze Horseman is a part of Russian culture and a symbol of St, Petersburg. Made famous by Alexander Pushkin, this statue of Peter the Great sitting on his horse can truly show Peter the Great’s influence on the Russian idea of greatness.

1.If you are interested in paintings, you'd better go to ______

A. Peterhof arid Kizhi Island

B. the Hernatage Museum and Peterhof

C. Kizhi Island and the Church of Our Savior on the Spilt Blood

D. the hermitage Museum and the Church of Our Savior on the Spilt Blood

2.We can learn from the passage that ______

A. visitors can visit Peterhof for free

B. the buildings of Kizhi Island are made of wood

C. the fountains in Peterhof can be seen all year round

D. the largest collection of Russian arts is in the Hermitage Museum

3.The main purpose of the passage is to ______

A. show the wonderful history of Russia

B. persuade artists to study St. Petersburg

C. recommend the famous buildings in Russia

D. introduce the must-see sights in St. Petersburg

 

请用英语简单地介绍一下网络好的一面和不好的一面。要点如下:

1. 可以帮助我们更好地了解外面的世界,开阔我们的视野;

2. 课后可以和老师在线交流,及时解决课堂上不明白的问题;

3. 网络上有很多不良信息,比如暴力、色情等,给学生造成不好的影响;

4. 很多学生沉迷于网络,影响了学习;

5. 长时间上网影响视力和健康。

注意:

1. 短文必须包括所有的内容要点,但不得逐句翻译;

2. 词数:120左右。

参考词汇:开阔视野broaden one’s horizons 暴力violence 色情porn 沉迷 get addicted to

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短文改错

I am a android. My owner is an eight-year-old boy. 1.

His mother buys me from a store last month and 2.

gave me to him for a birthday present. He likes me 3.

very much, so I can do a lot of things. For example, 4.

I can tell him stories and helps him with his homework. 5.

When he feels alone, I play with him. However, 6.

there was a problem now. He has become lazy. 7.

He likes asking me questions instead thinking by himself.  8.

I’m really worried about that. I do think he should 9.

learn how to solve the problem on his own. Only in this way 10.

will he really master what he has learnt.

 

My Grandpa has arthritis (关节炎), and it’s getting harder and harder for him to do certain things.

When I was a little girl, my grandpa would play this game with me. He would tell me to hold out my hand, and in it he would place a shiny silver quarter. Wow, I thought I had the world sitting in my hand. He would tell me that if I could keep it away from him, I could have it. I knew that I couldn’t keep it away from him, but I would always try. Then he would tell me that if I could get it away from him, then he would give it back to me.

I remember feeling so small compared with him, and I also remember feeling embarrassed because I knew there was no way that I could get that quarter from him. But I tried. I would climb down from my chair, with defeat weighing heavily on my back.

“Bug?” he’d say.

“Ya Grandpa?” I’d reply, trying to sound as sad as possible.

“Here.”

There in his outstretched hand would be my quarter. It always ended the same. He would always hand it over. I always knew that I would have to wait until the game was over to get my quarter, because he had so much pride and self-worth that he couldn’t lose to a 4-year-old girl. After I grew up, when we played the game again, I never wanted to defeat him. I just wanted to be with him. I loved to hear him tell me what I did wrong, and how to get it right the next time, and I loved the pride in his voice.

1.In which order did the following things happen during the game?

a. Grandpa placed a shining silver quarter in my hand.

b. Grandpa told me if I could get it away from him, I could keep it.

c. He gave the quarter over to me and I got it.

d. Grandpa told me if I could keep it away from him, I could keep it.

A. a d b c    B. a b c d

C. a b d c    D. a c d b

2.This passage is mainly about _______.

A. the writer’s grandpa’s serious arthritis

B. the writer’s deep feeling for her Grandpa

C. games between the grandpa and the writer

D. grandpa’s success in all games

3.Why didn’t the writer want to defeat her grandpa?

A. She couldn’t defeat her grandpa.

B. She liked to see his pride.

C. She didn’t want to shame her grandpa.

D. She was afraid that Grandpa wouldn’t play with her.

 

A home computer not only helps children master the old ways of learning, but also opens up possibilities that simply aren’t available in traditional education. Some software, for example, allows kids to make decisions and see the results in different situations. The World Wide Web encourages young minds to move easily from link to link, topic to topic. The best software draws children into learning by making them curious — what if I click on this picture, drag this over here, visit that website?

Knowing how to use a computer also encourages a child’s confidence. Kids figure out quickly that computers are powerful, and mastering the machine makes them feel grown-up. In turn, feeling confident on a computer often translates to academic (学术的) confidence. Researchers     have found that attitudes toward writing, for example, improve when students write on a computer.

Perhaps most importantly, computers can enrich family life. Forget the idea that computer kids are separated. Children like to use the computer with adults and other kids, asking questions and comparing results. “The Internet is a unique opportunity to bring resources home,” notes Susan Haugland, PhD, Cape Girardeau, Mo., author of Computers and Young Children: A World of Discovery.

Although the benefits of computers are real, they have disadvantages, too. Kids can lose their way, wasting hours on mindless software or violent games. Just as parents have always helped children make good choices about everything from friends to food, books to TV, now we must make sure they get the best out of computers.

1.The passage is mainly talking about _____.

A. the disadvantages of children’s using computers

B. the advantages of children’s using computers

C. the development of computers

D. the fact using computers makes children lose their way

2.Which of the following is NOT an advantage of a home computer?

A. It provides new ways of learning.

B. It encourages children’s confidence.

C. It can enrich family life.

D. Kids can play violent games on it.

3.What effects do computers have on family life?

A. They reduce the connection between family members.

B. They destroy the relationship between parents and kids.

C. They provide more opportunities of communication.

D. They make all the family members study together.

4.According to the last paragraph, we can learn that we should _____.

A. let children use computers freely

B. forbid children to use computers in their spare time

C. permit children to use any software they like

D. help children make good use of the computers

 

He knew his colors and shapes, he learned more than 100 English words, and with his own brand of one-liners he established (确立) himself in TV shows, scientific reports, and news articles as perhaps the world’s most famous talking bird.

But last week, Alex, an African parrot, died, obviously of natural causes, said Dr Irene Pepperberg, an expert at Brandeis University and Harvard who studied and worked with the parrot for most of its life and published reports of his progress in scientific journals. The parrot was 31.

Scientists have long debated whether any other species can develop the ability to learn human language. Alex’s language ability was, in some ways, more surprising than the efforts of those animals that have been taught, like Koko, the gorilla (猩猩) trained by Penny Patterson at the Gorilla Foundation in Woodside, or Washoe, another gorilla studied by R. Allen and Beatrice Gardner at the University of Nevada in the 1960s and 1970s.

When Dr Pepperberg, who was then a doctoral student in chemistry at Harvard, found Alex was good at remembering words in a pet store in 1977 and bought it, scientists had little expectation that birds could learn to communicate with humans. Most of the research had been done on pigeons, and was not promising.

But by using novel methods of teaching, Dr Pepperberg taught Alex to learn about 150 words, which he could put into categories. He could count small numbers and tell colors and shapes. “The work changed the way we think of bird brains,” said Diana Reiss, a psychologist at Hunter College who works with dolphins and elephants. “We used to look down upon those birds, but now we look at those brains — at least Alex’s — with some awe.”

1.Alex is very famous because ________.

A. it died of a strange disease

B. it lived longer than any other parrot

C. it hosted many famous TV shows

D. it has a special talent in learning human language

2.What was the direct reason why Dr Pepperberg bought Alex?

A. He found it was good at remembering words.

B. He liked its colors and shapes.

C. He wanted to do research on birds.

D. Diana Reiss asked him to do that.

3.What does the underlined word “novel” mean in the last paragraph?

A. Special.    B. New.

C. Great.    D. Unique.

4.According to the last paragraph, we can learn that ________.

A. people used to think dolphins were the cleverest

B. Alex’s ability of learning human language has changed some researchers’ ideas about birds

C. elephants are better at learning human language

D. birds’ great ability in learning human language has already been noticed before

5.What would be the best title for this passage?

A. Who are cleverer, birds or gorillas?

B. A famous talking bird died

C. Have you ever talked with a bird?

D. The keeper of a famous bird

 

The Internet brings us many advantages.

With the Internet, people can send and receive e-mails. On the Internet, people can skim over news. Using the Telnet, the user anywhere on the Internet can log into any other machine on which he has an account. It is possible to use the FTP program to copy files from one machine on the Internet to another.

But the Internet also brings us troubles.

Internet use seems to cause a fall in psychological (心理的) health, according to research at Carnegie Mellon University. Even people who spent just a few hours a week on the Internet experienced more depression and loneliness than those who logged on less often, the two-year study showed. And it wasn’t that people who were already feeling bad spent more time on the Internet, but that using the Net actually seemed to cause the bad feelings.

Researchers are puzzling over the results, which were completely opposite to what they had expected. They expected that the Net would prove socially healthier than television, since the Net allows users to choose their information and to communicate with others.

The fact that Internet use reduces time used for family and friends may be the reason for the drop in health, researchers said. Faceless, bodiless “virtual” (虚拟的) communication may be less psychologically satisfying than actual conversations, and the relationships formed through it may not be so deep. Another possibility is that exposure to the wider world through the Net makes users less satisfied with their lives.

But it’s important to remember this is not about the technology; it’s about how it is used,” said one of the researchers. “It really points to the need for considering social factors (因素) when you design new inventions.”

1.The writer mainly wants to tell us that _________.

A. the Internet can bring people many advantages

B. the Internet use may cause psychological problems

C. the Internet users are not satisfied with their lives

D. we shouldn’t use the Internet

2.Why are the researchers puzzling over the results?

A. Because the results were completely different from what they had thought.

B. Because the Net proved socially healthier than television.

C. Because the Internet users were all healthier.

D. Because the Internet users experienced less depression and loneliness.

3.What may be the reasons why the Internet use causes a fall in psychological health?

A. Internet use reduces time used for family and friends.

B. Virtual communication is less psychologically satisfying than actual conversations.

C. Exposure to the wider world through the Net makes users less satisfied with their lives.

D. All the above.

4.According to the passage, which of the following is TRUE?

A. Users anywhere on the Internet can log into any other machine.

B. The two-year study showed that using the Net seemed to cause the bad feelings.

C. People who are already feeling bad spend much more time on the Internet.

D. Relationships formed through the Internet are usually deep.

5.What does the underlined part in the last paragraph mean?

A. What matters is not the technology but how it is used.

B. This passage is not about the technology but about how it is used.

C. We should remember to learn about the technology.

D. We should remember to learn how to use computers.

 

Guide to four of the most exciting new adventure trips for 2008:

Tribal (部落的) India

Attractions: Myths and Mountains

Length: 17 days

Details: For the travelers who has already visited the best-known India sites, this new trip visits a relatively unexplored state in central India ruled by the Vindhyachal Range and known for its wildlife, waterfalls, ancient sites and tribal culture.

Departure Time(出发时间): Feb. 17

Price: $7,530

Information: 800-670-6984; myths.com

Across Patagonia: From the Andes to the Ocean

Attractions: Boundless Journeys

Length: 8 days

Details: The newest route across Patagonia starts high in the Argentine Andes and follows the Futaleufu River into Chile all the way to the Pacific Ocean. Travelers start by trekking along the river, changing to rafts before taking up kayaks for the final leg.

Departure Time: March 5

Price: $2,995

Information: 800-941-8010; boundless.com

Sahara

Attractions: International Expeditions

Length: 18 days

Details: Remember the movie Ishtar? Now you, too, can spend days wandering in the desert, just like Warren Beatty and Dustin Hoffman. Designed for rugged travelers, the camping expedition crosses 1,500 miles of Niger’s Sahara in four-wheel-drive vehicles.

Departure Time: Nov. 17

Price: $3,998

Information: 800-633-4734; ietravel.com

Dalmatian Coast Biking

Attractions: Backroads

Length: 7 days

Details: The company’s first foray into Croatia follows scenic roadways across four islands between Dubrovnik and Split.

Departure Time: May 7

Price: $2,298

Information: 800-462-2848; backroads.com

1.The passage is mainly about _______.

A. suggestions on the adventure trips in America in 2008

B. the guide to several adventure trips around the world

C. the attractions in India

D. the prices of four most exciting adventure trips next year

2.A trip across Patagonia starts _______.

A. on Feb. 17    B. on March 5

C. on Nov. 17    D. in January

3.Which trip costs the least?

A. Tribal India.    B. Crossing Patagonia.

C. Sahara.    D. Dalmatian Coast Biking.

 

There lived in the State of Qi a man who had a very bad memory. While walking, he would forget to stop; while sleeping, he would forget to get up. His wife was very much _______ this and said to him one day, “I’ve _______ that Master Ai is a very _______ man. He can even _______ the dying back to life. Why don’t you go and _______ him for advice?”

“Good idea!” the man agreed. So he _______ on horseback, bow and arrow in hand. Before he had _______ a distance of about 30 li he felt a call of nature (想解手). He got off his horse and, after sticking the arrow into the ground and tying the _______ to a tree, crouched down (蹲下) to hide himself. This done, he _______ and looked to the left and then caught sight of the __________.

“Wow!” he cried. “What a narrow escape! I wonder __________ that arrow came from. It __________ hit me.” Then, looking to the __________, he saw the horse.

“Well, well!” he said with joy. “__________ I’ve been badly frightened, I’m now __________ with a horse.” Whipping his horse, he took the __________direction. Not long afterwards, he arrived __________ pacing up and down in front of __________ own house, he said to himself, “Whose house is this? Can this be the house of Master Ai?” __________ this moment, his wife saw him. Guessing that his memory must have gone wrong again, she said dirty words to him. Very much upset, the man __________, “I’ve never seen you before in my life. Why did you say something like that to me?”

1.A. excited about    B. angry with    C. worried about    D. surprised at

2.A. heard    B. known    C. understood    D. told

3.A. kind    B. stupid    C. strange    D. learned

4.A. bring    B. take    C. get    D. lead

5.A. see    B. tell    C. ask    D. look

6.A. set out    B. set up    C. set aside    D. set on

7.A. gone    B. covered    C. done    D. passed

8.A. horse    B. bow    C. arrow    D. hand

9.A. pulled up    B. sat down    C. stood up    D. set up

10.A. arrow    B. bow    C. horse    D. tree

11.A. which    B. when    C. why    D. where

12.A. almost    B. closely    C. just    D. only

13.A. front    B. left    C. sky    D. right

14.A. Even    B. Though    C. Once    D. As

15.A. rewarded    B. punished    C. fined    D. given

16.A. direct    B. right    C. front    D. wrong

17.A. home    B. house    C. village    D. city

18.A. her    B. his    C. their    D. Master Ai’s

19.A. During    B. On    C. At    D. In

20.A. complained    B. smiled    C. felt    D. laughed

 

— Sorry, I got a bad cold yesterday.

— Every time you are absent, you _______ an excuse.

A. take up    B. give up

C. send up    D. make up

 

— How did the blind man go home yesterday?

— ______

A. I don’t want to.    B. Can you do me a favor?

C. You’d better not.    D. With the help of a dog.

 

Life is a thing one can’t live all to oneself, but a thing one ______ others.

A. talks with    B. likes with

C. shares with    D. loves with

 

We’ll take a honeymoon trip to Venice. Would you like to _____ my dog for me while we are away?

A. look at    B. search for

C. watch over    D. care about

 

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