书面表达

“校园网”正在征集有关学生活动的英语报导,请用英语写一篇关于我校第13届英语节的短文,字数100-120,首句已给。文中需包含以下主要内容:

1.活动时间:今年的三月下旬,持续将近一周

2.活动参加者:所有高一和高二的学生,来自英国的交流生和我校英语老师

3.活动内容:英语角(English corner)、英语歌曲欣赏

英语猜谜比赛(riddle-guessing competition)、英语配音大赛(English dubbing show)等

4.学生的感受和体会

The 13th school English festival was held at the end of this March, and it lasted seven days.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

语法填空

Shake Shack is a new kind of restaurant becoming more popular in the US. The restaurants are not fast food. They __1.__(know) as “fast casual”.

Researchers say Americans want more ___2.___(choose) and fresh food when choosing where and what to eat. This trend is one reason why the fast food restaurant McDonald’s has struggled financially. While McDonald’s is struggling ___3.__(win) their customers back, Shake Shack, is doing well.

Bonnie Riggs, ___4.__ restaurant expert, has studied Americans’ restaurant habits for almost 30 years. She says one reason why Americans like fast casual food is _5.___ it’s new and creative. Besides it is something different and people like to try new things. Her study shows Americans __6.___(make) 61 billion visits to restaurants last year. Three out __7.___ four visits were to fast food restaurants, like McDonald’s. Fast casual is still a small percentage of restaurant visits, but it has developed fast. Just as Ms Riggs says, “it’s growing __8.___(rapid) because they meet consumers’ needs.

They know it’s__9.__(prepare) while they wait; it’s fresh, quality good, good tasting food at ___10.__(reason) and affordable prices.

 

用所给单词或短语翻译句子

1.很显然,平衡的饮食和有规律的锻炼有利于健康。(obvious)

2.节日让我们享受生活,以我们的习俗为荣, 并暂时忘却繁重的学业。(let)

3.用了打折和新标语,店主期待着把顾客赢回来。(with)

4.那位靠写小说谋生的作家已经动身去上海了。(who)

5.正是这部电影让Henry想起了在农村抚养他长大的祖父母。(强调句,bring up)

 

单词拼写

1.Realizing Hu Jin didn’t turned up, Li Fang was disappointed and d______ his sadness in coffee.

2.My English teacher suggests that we needn’t c_________ the dictionary for every unknown word.

3.When applying for a new job, please take your own s___________ and weaknesses into consideration.

4.As is well-known, it takes devotion and p________ to be a good nurse in the public hospital.

5.Hurry up, and we only have a l________ amount of time to complete this challenging task.

6.Blackwell is 59 years old, but still strong and e__________ to take part in the local running race.

7.True friends think it necessary to a_________ to the other if one does something wrong.

8.The girl would not stay outside overnight without her mother’s p________.

9.Two wealthy brothers saw a penniless young man w_________ on the pavement, not knowing what to do.

10.It was c______ that drove Wang Peng into Yong Hui’s restaurant and he felt amazed.

 

根据短文内容,从选项中选出能填入空白处的最佳选项。选项中有两项多余选项。

Five Ways to Control Your Anxiety

How can you find some enjoyment and keep your anxiety in control? Try the following five steps for a less anxious you.

Stop comparing yourself to others. When you compare your life to others’, you are giving up your power. People have success or failures at different points in their lives. You might think others have better lives, but you don’t have the full story. Next time you begin to compare yourself to someone else, tell yourself this, “I only compare me to me.” __1.___

Be grateful. Gratitude is the secret to a happier,less anxious you. __2.__ When you practice gratitude, you start training your brain to pay attention to all the wonderful things about your life and doing so improves your mood little by little.

Forget perfect. Going after perfection sets you up to feel defeated. Accept that you will have days that are far from perfect and learn to laugh at the funny things that go wrong at the wrong time. _3.__

Move your body. ___4.___ I’m sure you’ll feel better--especially if you exercise regularly. Doing exercise will give you a sense of achievement that you can use to deal with other difficulties in your life.

Connection with other people. If you struggle with anxiety, you may not feel like putting yourself into social situations, but isolating(使孤立)yourself socially is the worst thing you can do. Connecting with others can help you realize everyone has struggles and that people are there for you. 5.__ Connection can help you improve your mood.

A.Life is so much more enjoyable when you expect less of it.

B.Make sure you aren’t going around trying to please everyone.

C.It is scientifically proved that exercise can improve your mood.

D.See a friend, call a family member or just smile at strangers passing by.

E.Pen and paper can provide you with a special place to express your feelings.

F.When you take time to enjoy all the good things, you can’t help but feel good.

G.Only by competing with yourself to be a better you can you get where you want to be.

 

In her outstanding book, “Choose the Happiness Habit”, Pam Golden wrote, “Take the story of two twin brothers for example. One grew up and became an alcoholic (酒鬼), while the other became a successful businessman. When asked why he became an alcoholic, the alcoholic replied, “Because my father was a drunk.” However, the successful businessman’s answer was also “Because my father was a drunk.” when asked why he succeeded. The same background. The same upbringing (培养). However, the results were quite different. Why? The reason is that they had different choices. The brothers chose different thoughts which formed the situations they found themselves in at last, so they had different experiences.

There was a time in my life when I thought difficulty was due to “bad luck”. Have you ever heard the saying “When it rains, it pours”? That was my answer when others asked me how things were going on when I was in trouble. So what do you think I got? “RAIN”. More and more “RAIN”. I couldn’t understand why bad luck was always with me.

Pam Golden says, “You’re either living in the problem or you’re living in the solution.” Now, when I’m faced with what I used to think was a negative (消极的) situation, I use a different way to think about it. I force myself to replace those negative thoughts that make me lose heart in my mind with positive thoughts which encourage me to fight against the difficulty bravely. Sometimes I write down some ideas that may be a solution, which I combine with the lessons I have learned from the bad situations and the difficulties that troubled me in the past, and often, I find a solution to the problem soon. It seems that I should thank the difficulty I met with. The RAIN that poured in my world has become great experiences that provide me with valuable experience, from which I can benefit.

Now, it doesn’t “rain” as much in my life as it used to. In fact, most days are beautiful, cloudless and sunny! Sometimes I do get a rain, but I think it makes me stronger just like the rain helps plants grow up.

1.The example of the twin brothers shows that ________.

A. making good choices is the most important

B. education decides a person’s future

C. upbringing makes a big difference

D. it is luck that leads to success

2.What does “RAIN” mentioned in the second paragraph refer to?

A. Water.   B. Good luck.    C. Success.   D. Difficulty.

3.What is talked about in the third paragraph?

A. How the author collects useful experience.

B. How the author deals with difficulty now.

C. How the author gets help from others.

D. How the author lives in the problem.

4.Which of the following agrees with the author’s attitude now in the text?

A. All things are difficult before they are easy.

B. Meeting with difficulty is not a bad thing.

C. Fortune is what it takes to succeed

D. Things at the worst will mend.

 

Women are friendly. But men are more competitive. Why? Researchers have found it's all down to the hormone oxytocin (荷尔蒙催生素). Although known as the love hormone, it affects the sexes differently.

“Women tend to be social in their behavior. They often share with others. But men tend to be competitive. They are trying to improve their social status,” said Professor Ryan.

Generally, people believe that the hormone oxytocin is let out in our body in various social situations and our body creates a large amount of it during positive social interactions (互动) such as falling in love or giving birth.

But in a former experiment Professor Ryan found that the hormone is also let out in our body during negative social interactions such as envy.

Further researches showed that in men the hormone oxytocin improves the ability to recognize competitive relationships, but in women it raises the ability to recognize friendship.

Professor Ryan’s recent experiment used 62 men and women aged 20 to 37.

Half of the participants(参与者)received oxytocin. The other half received placebo (安慰剂).

After a week, the two groups switched with participants. They went through the same procedure with the other material.

Following each treatment, they were shown some video pictures with different social interactions. Then they were asked to analyze the relationships by answering some questions. The questions were about telling friendship from competition. And their answers should be based on gestures, body language and facial expressions.

The results indicated that, after treatment with oxytocin, men’s ability to correctly recognize competitive relationships improved, but in women it was the ability to correctly recognize friendship that got better.

Professor Ryan thus concluded: “Our experiment proves that the hormone oxytocin can raise people’s abilities to better distinguish many kinds of social interactions. And the behavior differences between men and women are caused by biological factors (因素) that are mainly hormonal.”

1.What causes men and women to behave differently according to the text?

A. Placebo.          B. Oxytocin.

C. The gesture.      D. The social status.

2.What can we learn from Professor Ryan's former experiment?

A. Oxytocin affects our behavior in a different way.

B. Our body lets out oxytocin when we are deep in love.

C. Our body produces oxytocin when we feel unhappy about others’ success.

D. Oxytocin improves our abilities to understand people's behavior differences.

3.Why did Professor Ryan conduct the recent experiment?

A. To test the effect of oxytocin on the ability to recognize social interactions.

B. To know the differences between friendship and competition.

C. To know people’s different abilities to answer questions.

D. To test people’s understanding of body language.

4.The underlined word “distinguish” has the closest meaning to ______.

A.accept     B.discover      C.differ      D.explore

5.The author develops the text by______.

A. explaining people’s behaviors

B. describing his own experiences

C. distinguishing sexual differences

D. discussing research experiments

 

China’s new buzzword, tuhao, may be in next year’s Oxford English Dictionary.

“If its influence continues, it is very likely to appear on our updated list of words, said Julie Kleeman, project manager with the editing team.

In Chinese, tu means uncouth(粗野的) and hao means rich. It has traditionally been referred to rich people who throw their weight around in China’s rural areas. In recent years, people borrowed the term to describe those who spend money in an unreasonable manner. The word gained acceptance in September with the launch(上市) of Apple’s new gold-colored iPhone, an item loved by China’s rich people. The color became known as “tuhao gold”. The word is now often used by the online community to refer to people who have the cash but lack the class to go with it.

Kleeman also mentioned two other Chinese words—dama and hukou—which may also be taken in the dictionary. Hukou means household registration(登记) in Chinese and has been widely used.

Dama, meaning middle-aged women, was first used in the Western media by the Wall Street Journal in May when thousands of Chinese women were buying up record number of gold. They were the driving force in the global gold market between April and June when the gold prices had gone down.

“We have nearly 120 Chinese-linked words now in Oxford English Dictionary, she said. Some of them are: Guanxi, literally meaning “connection”, is the system of social networks and influential relationships which promote business and other dealings. Taikonaut is a mix of taikong, meaning outer space, and astronaut.

The new words will be first uploaded on the official website before the dictionaries arrive. The online version is also renewed every three months. “It at least broke our old rules. It used to take 10 years to include a new word but now we keep the pace with the era, ” according to John Simpson.

1. What does “Tuhao” mean now?

A. The rich who like iPhone made of gold.

B. The people who have power in the countryside.

C. The people who spend money reasonably.

D. The rich who find no class to belong to.

2.Why is the word “Dama” popular now?

A. They bought gold in the global market.

B. They are wealthy middle-aged women.

C. They brought the gold prices down.

D. They worked on the Wall Street.

3. According to John, the Oxford English Dictionary__________.

A. updates its new version every three months

B. takes 10 years to include a new word now

C. speeds up its acceptance of new words

D. has its online version to collect new words

 

I was never very neat, while my roommate Kate was extremely organized. Each of her objects had its place, but mine always hid somewhere. She even labeled (贴标签 ) everything. I always, looked for everything. Over time, Kate got neater and I got messier. She would push my dirty clothing over, and I would lay my books on her tidy desk. We both got tired of each other.

War broke out one evening. Kate came into the room. ,Soon, I heard her screaming, "Take your shoes away! Why under my bed!" Deafened, I saw my shoes flying at me. I jumped to my feet and started yelling. She yelled back louder.

The room was filled with anger. We could not have stayed together for a single minute but for a phone call. Kate answered it. From her end of the conversation, I could tell right away her grandma was seriously ill. When she hung up, she quickly crawled (爬 ) under her covers, weeping.

Obviously, that was something she should not go through phone. All of a sudden ,a warm feeling of sympathy rose up in my heart,

Slowly, I collected the pencils, took back the books, made my bed, cleaned the socks and swept the floor, even on her side. I got so into my work that I even didn't noticed Kate had sat up.

She was watching, her tears dried and her expression one of disbelief. Then, she reached out her hands to grasp mine. I looked up into her eyes. She smiled at me. "Thanks."

Kate and I stayed roommates for the rest of the year. We didn't always agree, but we learned the key to living together: giving in, cleaning up and holding on.

1.What made Kate angry one evening?

A. She couldn't find her books.

B. She heard the author shouting loud.

C. She got the news that her grandma was ill.

D. She saw the author's shoes beneath her bed.

2. The author tidied up the room most probably because___.

A. she was scared by Kate's anger

B. she hated herself for being so messy

C. she wanted to show her care

D. she was asked by Kate to do so

3.What might be the best title for the story?

A. My Friend Kate       B. Hard Work Pays Off

C. How to Be Organized  D. Learning to Be Roommates

 

阅读下面短文, 掌握其大意,然后从1~20各题所给的四个选项(A、B、C和D)中,选出最佳选项。

We live in a fast-paced and anxiety-filled world that oftentimes seems to shift beneath our feet. Thus we are sometimes affected by fears or anxiety impacting our life. For as long as I could remember I had struggled with anxiety. After I left university, I made friends with a Moroccan woman at work. One day she invited me to_________her and her family back home. I wanted to, but I would have to travel there _________ and I knew we would be in a very rural area. How would I cope with my _________ ?

Then one day it _________ to me that I had a life to live. I could choose to let anxiety _________ me or I could go to Morocco and _________ something different. I was 23 years old and had never been out of the UK alone. The journey to Morocco _________ something inside me. I managed to cope with my anxiety. The sense of _________ was overwhelming(势不可挡的) and still to this day when I get afraid of going somewhere alone, I remember how_________it felt when I arrived in Morocco.

Upon arrival I was so _________ for the generous welcome I received. My friend’s family had arranged a welcome party. The people were so loving toward me. As a moment of _________ felt in a faraway village, this reminded me that I was “good enough”, which helped to_________ my anxiety.

Waking up the next day, in the morning light, I saw the area where we were. I was _________ by how rural it was and the realization that these people had very few _________ .

In the days afterwards, I traveled around Morocco. We went to Marrakesh and _________ the Atlas mountains. We had the most amazing food lots of fresh fruits and vegetables.

At the end of my _________something inside me had changed. I realized I had not felt anxious for nearly two weeks.

Experiencing a different culture far away from home helped me to realize what is important in life, what really _________, and with that my anxiety _________. When I returned home I was much more active in _________ my anxiety. Working with people, helping them_________ their anxiety, is how I can share the love I found in Morocco.

1.A. send        B. help        C. call          D. visit

2.A. alone       B. soon      C. free          D. safe

3.A. work        B. curiosity    C. homesickness   D. worries

4.A. appeared    B. hit         C. struck        D. occurred

5.A. impress   B. control      C. reach         D. persuade

6.A. enjoy      B. experience   C. take          D. experiment

7.A. changed   B. moved       C. supported     D. impressed

8.A. achievement B. fear         C. disappointment D. embarrassment

9.A. good        B. ashamed     C. afraid        D. proud

10.A. sorry    B. confused   C. confident     D. thankful

11.A. doubt     B. luck        C. love           D. surprise

12.A. improve    B. hold        C. protect       D. reduce

13.A. inspired B. moved        C. pleased       D. shocked

14.A. lands     B. difficulties C. resources      D. friends

15.A. discovered B. explored    C. examined       D. recognized

16.A. opportunity B. rush       C. stay          D. life

17.A. rules      B. exists    C. matters       D. hurts

18.A. disappeared B. expanded    C. remained      D. removed

19.A. expressing  B. challenging C. forgetting   D. remembering

20.A. drop        B. notice     C. pass           D. overcome

 

He seems to be giving the impression that he didn’t enjoy himself in Paris. ______, he has a wonderful time.

A. Above all       B. What’s more

C. As a result     D. On the contrary

 

Learn to ______ your knowledge with your experience, and you are sure to succeed.

A.join       B. unit       C. connect      D. combine

 

If you don’t know what their shortcoming are, your chances of overcoming them are very ______.

A.slim       B. brief       C. distant      D. obvious

 

After walking the whole day, I was almost ______, not feeling bad, though.

A.out of shape       B. out of breath

C. out of control    D. out of order

 

Now that you are a middle school student, you should learn to be _____ of your parents’ help.

A.energetic     B. obvious      C. independent     D. religious

 

Mo yan’s writing has ______ him a big audience, not only in China but overseas.

A. deserved     B. spotted      C. admitted     D. gained

 

Success in life doesn’t happen ______. It’s the result of devoting your time and energy to what you’ve set out to do.

A.by force          B. by design

C. by accident      D. by choice

 

.My uncle hasn’t been able to quit smoking, but at least he has ______.

A. cut out      B. cut down     C. cut up      D. cut off

 

Michael put up a picture of Yao Ming beside the bed to keep himself ______ of his own dreams.

A.reminding     B. to remind     C. reminded     D. remind

 

--What are you doing this Saturday?

--I’m not sure, but I ______ go to the Rolling Stones concert.

A.must      B. would      C. should      D. might

 

阅读下面短文,根据其内容写一篇60词左右的内容概要。

A new study warns that about thirty percent of the world’s people may not have enough  water by the year 2025.

A private American organization called Population Action International(PAI) did the new  study.It says more than 335 million people lack enough water now.The people live in 28  countries.Most of the countries are in Africa or the Middle East.

PAI researcher Robert Engelman says by the year 2025,about 3,000 million people may lack water.At least 18 more countries are expected to have severe water problems.The demand for water keeps increasing.Yet the amount of water on Earth stays the same.

Mr.Engelman says the population in countries that lack water is growing faster than in other parts of the world.He says population growth in these countries will continue to increase.

The  report says lack of water in the future may result in several problems.It may increase health problems.Lack of water often means drinking waters is not safe.Mr.Engelman says there are problems all over the world because of diseases,such as cholera which are carried in water.

Lack of water may also result in more international conflict.Countries may have to compete for water in the future.Some countries now get sixty percent of their fresh water from other countries.And the report says lack of water would affect the ability to improve their economies.This is because new industries often need large amounts of water when they are beginning.

The Population Action International study gives several solutions to the water problem.One way,it says,is to find ways to use water for more than one purpose.Another way is to teach people to be careful not to waste water.A third way is to use less water for agriculture.

The report also says long--term solutions to the water problem must include controls on population growth.

 

应用文写作

上周是你校的艺术周,周三你们有幸邀请到外籍教师Henry教授给高一(1)班的学生上了一堂英语课。假如你是校报的记者李明,请你以 “An Impressive English Lesson”为题按下列提示用英语写一篇新闻报道。内容包括:

1. Henry教授上课的情况;

2. 学生们的表现和评价;

3. 对英语学习的启示。

注意:1.词数80左右;2.报道的标题、开头和记者姓名已给出,不计入总词数;3.可适当增加细节,已使行文连贯。

An Impressive English Lesson

On Wednesday of last Art Week, we_______________________________________.

 

 

 

 

 

 

By Liming

 

阅读下面材料,在空白处填入适当的内容(1个单词)或括号内单词的正确形式。

Last Friday, as usual I went home by bike. But at a crossing, I 1.________ (sudden) knocked an old man off his bike. I hurried over and found that his leg 2.__________ (injure). Nervous and worried, I called my mom and told her what had happened. We decided to take him to the hospital first.

Shortly after we arrived at the hospital, my mother came. I had some doubt3.____________ there was anything seriously wrong with the old man. The doctor gave the old man a 4.__________ (detail) examination. To our delight and relief, there was nothing seriously wrong with him. We thanked the doctor and left. After that, we went back to the place5.__________ the old man’s bike was parked, only 6.________ (find) it didn’t work. So I immediately found a repairman to get it7._________(fix). Soon he finished 8.________ (repair) it. Before the old man left, my mom offered him our cell phone number in case he needed to contact us. Then the old man got on his bike and we waved goodbye to each other.

If I9.________(ride) my bike carefully, I would have avoided the accident. Consequently, the unexpected accident made me realize that in the first place we should be careful, but once it occurs, we should take10.______________ (responsible).

 

完形填空

阅读下面短文,从短文后各题所给的A、B、C和D四个选项中,选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。

Today I went to my daughter’s school and spoke about kindness to 60 kids plus teachers and assistant teachers. _________ a small talk about the meaning of kindness, I gave a challenge to the_________ ——I told them to write a small _________  about an act of kindness that they had done and how that made them feel. Or if they had  _________  an act of kindness, how did that make them feel? In what way had that ____________ changed them? Then the vice head and the head-teacher and I would choose the ones, the best ones that will _________  for their feeling of compassion and love _________ others.

When I was waiting for my daughter I _________ some teachers that were at the meeting passing by and I was _________ that they would tell me whether they liked the talk or not, but they didn’t _________ anything.

Then a little _________  came to me and said, “You know, I enjoyed the meeting.” “Okay, then are you going to  _________ a lovely story?” I asked. “I’m not _________ at writing,” the boy responded. So I explained that I would be _________ if he could just write a phrase or two about an act of kindness.

I didn’t have_________ to talk to him because he was in a hurry to _________ his friends who were waiting for him, but in my_________, that was a beautiful act of kindness. The fact that he was able to _________ to talk to me for two minutes, to let me know that he had _________ the meeting was worth all the effort I had _________ into preparing the talk for them.

1.A.Until          B. After         C. Since      D. Before

2.A. teachers     B. fellows      C. children    D. parents

3.A. story         B. step          C. scene        D. description

4.A. desired      B. passed       C. received     D. envied

5.A. affair         B. event        C. incident    D. act

6.A. get out       B. stand out    C. watch out    D. work out

7.A. against        B. off        C. in          D. towards

8.A. observed       B. noticed     C. witnessed    D. realized

9.A. supposing      B. wondering     C. expecting   D. imagining

10.A. say           B. speak         C. talk        D. repeat

11.A. hero        B. passer-by    C. boy          D. girl

12.A. tell         B. write        C. record       D. describe

13.A. ambitious   B. positive    C. excellent   D. special

14.A. concerned   B. delighted     C. amused       D. amazed

15.A. time        B. patience      C. energy     D. courage

16.A. join        B. company       C. treat       D. follow

17.A. depth        B. heart         C. bottom      D. life

18.A. refuse        B. encourage    C. stop         D. hesitate

19.A. attended   B. had          C. achieved    D. appreciated

20.A. put into      B. looked into   C. brought into D. turned into

 

根据短文内容,从短文后的选项中选出能填入空白处的最佳选项。选项中有两项为多余选项。

Cell Phones: Hang Up or Keep Talking?

Millions of people are using cell phones today. In many places it is actually considered unusual not to use one. __1.__They find that the phones are more than a means of communication----having a mobile phone shows that they are cool and connected.

The explosions around the world in mobile phone use make some health professionals worried. Some doctors are concerned that in the future many people may suffer health problems from the use of mobile phones. In England, there has been a serious debate about this issue. Mobile phone companies are worried about the negative publicity of such ideas. ___2.___

On the other hand, why do some medical studies show changes in the brain cells of some people who use mobile phones? Signs of change in the tissues of the brain and head can be detected with modern scanning(扫描)equipment. In one case, a traveling salesman had to retire at a young age because of serious memory loss. ___3.__He would often forget the name of his own son. This man used to talk on his mobile phone for about six hours a day, every day of his working week, for a couple of years. His family doctor blamed his mobile phone use, but his employer's doctor didn't agree.

____4.__ The answer is radiation. High-tech machines can detect very small amounts of radiation from mobile phones. Mobile phone companies agree that there is some radiation, but they say the amount is too small to worry about.

As the discussion about their safety continues, it appears that it's best to use mobile phones less often.___ 5.__Use your mobile phone only when you really need it. Mobile phones can be very useful and convenient, especially in emergencies. In the future, mobile phones may have a warning label that says they are bad for your health. So for now, it's wise not to use your mobile phone too often.

A. Use your regular phone if you want to talk for a long time.

B. They will possibly affect their benefits.

C. In many countries, cell phones are very popular with young people.

D. He couldn’t remember even simple tasks.

E. What do the doctors worry about?

F. They say that there is no proof that mobile phones are bad for your health.

G. What is it that makes mobile phones potentially harmful?

 

Welcome. You have just entered the largest online museum on the Internet. A work in progress, steadily expanding with thousands of high quality images of the greatest paintings and sculpture in history, the Art Renewal Center is building an encyclopedic collection of essays, biographies and articles by top scholars in the field.

ARC is the Eye of the Storm, at the core, hub and center of a major cultural shift in the art world. With a growing body of experts, we are setting standards to become ARC Approved for artists, art schools, systems of training, museum exhibitions and historical scholarship, to bring guidance, direction, goals and reality to an art establishment that has been sailing rudderless(无领导者的) for nearly a hundred years.

Additionally, the Art Renewal Center is a non-profit educational organization committed to refreshing standards of craftsmanship and excellence. Only by gaining a full command of the skills of the past masters can we create the masters of tomorrow. This is a step forward for our culture. Experimentation and creativity can only succeed and prosper(使……繁荣) when built on a solid foundation of past accomplishments, with the tools which can make artists realize their visions.

Nothing has been more restricting(有限制的) and weakening than the theories of modernism, which got rid of these tools, along with the skills to employ them. We are providing a forum for artists, scholars, collectors and the public to appreciate great art, and to recognize that they’re not alone in their doubts about the emptiness of modern and postmodern art. These doubts are fully justified by the overwhelming(压倒的) body of evidence and historical facts.

1.Where does this passage come from?

A newspaper of art      B. A textbook

C. A magazine           D. A website

2.What can we infer from the 2nd paragraph?

A. ARC has brought guidance, direction for art schools, systems of training.

B. ARC is the Eye of the Storm of the art and museum.

C. Some arts establishment have been aimless for nearly a century.

D. ARC has employed many experts for their exhibition.

3. How shall we do to produce tomorrow experts?

A. To lay a solid foundation for the tomorrow masters.

B. To make refreshing standards of craftsmanship and excellence.

C. To obtain a good knowledge of the past experts’ skills.

D. To accept the non-profit educational organization.

4.What’s the purpose of the forum for artists, scholars, collectors and the public?

A. To get the information of great arts all over the world.

B. To help evaluate great arts and encourage to develop modern arts.

C. To show the doubts of the public and resist the exhibition.

D. To offer enough room to complain about what they are dissatisfied with.

 

Chinese female scientist Tu Youyou won the 2015 Nobel Prize in medicine on October 5 for her discoveries concerning a novel treatment against Malaria(疟疾). This is the first Nobel Prize given to a Chinese scientist for work carried out within China.

Tu shared the prize with Irish-born William Campbell and Satoshi Omura of Japan, who were honored for their revolutionary anti-roundworm treatment. 84-year-old Tu is awarded this prize for her contribution to cutting the death rate of malaria, reducing patients’ suffering and promoting mankind’s health. Although she received several medical awards in the past, the 2015 Nobel Prize is definitely the most privilege reward that recognizes Tu’s dedication and perseverance in discovering artemisinin(青蒿素),the key drug that battles malaria-friendly parasites(寄生虫).

However, her route to the honor has been anything but traditional. She won the Nobel Prize for medicine, but she doesn’t have a medical degree or a PhD. In China, she is even being called the “three-noes” winner: no medical degree, no doctorate, and she’s never worked overseas. No wonder her success has stirred China’s national pride and helped promote confidence of native Chinese scientists.

The fact that Tu has none of these three backgrounds reminds us that science should be more accessible to all. One can become a scientist no matter what kind of background he or she comes from, as long as one dives into scientific research. There have been discussions on people who really love science but are never able to achieve much during their whole life. Their contributions can never be ignored. They work so hard to prove the wrong way so that the future researchers will be closer to the right one.

As the first Chinese mainland Nobel Prize Winner of natural science award, Tu’s record-breaking winning also serves as a reminder to those who are too eager for instant success. Science is never about instant success. Tu spent decades on scientific research before its value is officially acknowledged. There is no way to measure how much one devotes to science and compare it with how much reward he or she may get.

1. The author seems to agree that a person who is more likely to become a scientist is the one with__________.

A. a sense of national pride

B. enthusiasm for scientific research

C. a desire to achieve success

D. rich academic knowledge

2.It can be concluded from the text that __________.

A. Tu worked homeland and abroad to conduct her research

B. Tu got the Nobel Prize for her anti-roundworm treatment

C. Her discovery of artemisinin has helped to cut Malaria death rate

D. The Nobel Prize is the first award to recognize her work

3.In writing the passage, the author intends to ___________.

A. praise the award winner and encourage scientific research

B. discourage the pursuit of instant success in science

C. remind readers of the principles of scientific research

D. inform readers of the news and make comments

 

Kate Hashimoto was picking up a few groceries at the Upper West Side Food Emporium when she ran into a friend. “Hey Kate, do you like wraps? Here’s a chicken wrap,’’ her pal said. “But be careful, it’s kind of wet.” They weren’t in the food store. They were in front of the store, digging through three overflowing trash bins.

Hashimoto Dumpster-dives(拾荒) for all her food, doesn’t use toilet paper or do laundry, and hasn’t bought makeups in 10 years. She doesn’t have to live this way she’s an employed CPA(注册会计师). “I’ve always been money-saving, but it was when I was fired that I became extreme,” Hashimoto explained.“No job is guaranteed, so I live as if I could be fired at any time.”

Manhattan, she said, is a gold mine for dumpster divers.“Consumers in wealthy areas expect their products to be perfect, so upscale stores throw out a lot of items that are still good.“New York can be the most expensive place to live, but it can also be the least expensive if you know how to work the system.”

Hashimoto let the reporter of a newspaper spend a day with her learning how to work the system. She lives in Harlem, where she bought a studio in 2010 and paid it off in nine months, but walks down to the Upper West Side three times a week for good, free food. Her other money-saving methods include using soap to wash herself after using the toilet, taking surveys online to earn gift cards, participating in medical trials, testing products for free samples, cutting her own hair, washing her clothes while she showers, and running to work to avoid using subway. “I was very angry about the latest round of subway fare rises,” she said.

Hashimoto does have her limits. Her furniture is a collection of found free gifts— but she won’t take an old mattress for fear of bedbugs, and sleeps instead on used yoga mats. And she won’t stay in a relationship with a boyfriend for free meals.“I’ve been in a relationship where I stayed because I was getting free gifts, but I got out of it,” she says. “It’s better to be single and dumpster-diving than to be with someone you can’t stand.”

1.The author mentions Kate’s friend at the beginning to ______.

A. show there are too many dumpster divers

B. introduce the topic of the text

C. show they have the same lifestyle

D. show the close relationship between them

2.The underlined word “upscale”(in Para.3) is closest in meaning to_______.

A. large     B. high-class     C. faraway   D. comfortable

3.How does the author develop the fourth paragraph?

A. Offering the sufferings of Kate.

B. Making comparisons.

B. Discussing the high living cost in New York.

D. Providing details of Kate’s daily life.

 

书面表达

寒假即将来到,同学们都在谈论如何度过这个假期,假设你是李华,你的美国笔友Peter想要了解你的假期计划,请你给他发一封电子邮件,和他交流一下,以便更好地安排一个充实而又有意义的假期。

内容:1. 坚持运动,锻炼身体;       2. 多读好书;

3. 旅游观光;    4.当一名志愿者;  5.帮父母做家务。

要求:1.可适当增减细节,使书信内容连贯、通顺

2.信的开头和格式已给出,不计入词数,词数100字左右。

3.参考词汇: 志愿者  volunteer

Dear Peter,

How is it going? Thank you for your last e-mail.

 

 

 

 

 

 

Best wishes!

Yours’

Li Hua

 

短文改错

文中共有10处语言错误,每句中最多有两处。每处错误涉及一个单词的增加、删除或修改。增加: 在缺词处加一个漏字符号(∧), 并在其下写出该加的词。

删除: 把多余的词用斜线(\)划掉。

修改: 在错的词下划一横线, 并在该词下面写出修改后的词。

注意: 1.每处错误及其修改均仅限一词;

2.只允许修改10处, 多者(从第11处起)不计分。

Mrs. Smith was unable to fall sleeping at night and was too tired during the day to do anything, even the simple things that she was used to enjoy doing. She had headaches more often, it prevented her from reading or watched TV. The more she thought about her conditions, the more worse she felt. At last she goes to see her doctor, whom she had known for years. The doctor listened to his heart and said, “There is nothing seriously with you, but I accept the fact that you don’t feel well. Now I’ll give you few pills that will help. Come tomorrow morning and tell me how you felt.”

 

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